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The University Of Asia Pacific

Department of Computer Science & Engineering


ECE 202
Experiment No: 02
Name of the Experiment : Study of Diode rectifiers.
Theory :
A rectifier converts an AC voltage into a DC voltage. From the diode characteristic curve it is no!n
that a diode !ors lie a s!itch. "n the for!ard #ias condition it #ecomes $% and $FF in the reverse
#ias condition. "f an AC voltage is applied across a diode only one half&cycle !ill #e conducted due
to the $% action' other half cycle !ill #e clipped off. "n the output the load !ill get DC.
Diode rectifier can #e of three types. (hey are&&&&&&
a) *alf&!ave rectifier'
#) Full&!ave #ridge rectifier.
a) *alf&!ave rectifier circuit can #e #uilt #y using a single diode as !as discussed earlier. (he circuit
diagram and the !ave shapes of the input and output voltage are sho!n #ello!:
AC
AC Supply
Diode
L
O
a
d
V
I
INPUT
V
I
OUTPUT
FIG 1: HALF-WAVE RECTIFIER
"n this circuit the load receives appro+imately half of the input po!er'
Average dc voltage is very lo!'
Due to the presence of ripple output voltage is not smooth one.
c) "n the full&!ave rectifier #oth the half cycle is present in the output. (his is done #y
using t!o diodes. $ne of them !ill conduct during one half cycle and the other !ill
conduct in the ne+t half cycle. (his can #e done in the follo!ing !ay.
C
AC
Fi !: "#ide
#e$%i&ie#
Rl
OUTPUT
%
V
%
V
INPUT
(his circuit has some advantages over the first one:
,astage of po!er is less'
Average DC output increase significantly'
-ecome more smooth.
Disadvantages are:
.e/uire more num#er of diodes .
A rectifier' ho!ever cannot produce a smooth dc voltage. "t produces some ripple in the output. (his
ripple can #e reduced #y using filtering capacitor across the load.
E/uipment:
0. (rainer #oard'
2. 1ultimeter'
2. $scilloscope'
3. .esistor400)
5. Capacitor40F'36F)
7. diode43 pieces).
8rocedure:
0. Connect the circuit sho!n in figure 2 #ut !ithout capacitor.
2. Connect the oscilloscope to o#serve the !ave shape of the input and output
voltages. 1easure the pea DC voltage from the $scilloscope.
2. 1easure the output voltage #y a multimeter and compare it !ith that o#tained
from the oscilloscope.
3. (urn the po!er off and connect a capacitor 40 F) across the load . $#serve the
output voltage and measure it #y the oscilloscope.
5. 1easure the output voltage #y a multimeter and compare it !ith that o#tained
from the oscilloscope.
7. .epeat step 3 & 5 #y replacing the 0 F capacitor !ith a 36 F capacitor.
(Submit the report part at lab)
ourse No: Expt No:
!e"istration No: Semester:
!oll No: #ate:
!eport:
Data:
(a#le 0: Data for circuit 0
8ea "98 :olt.
4$scillosope)
8ea:
o
4$scillosope) :
o
41ultimeter)
(a#le 2: data for circuit 2
8ea "98 :olt.
4$scillosope)
8ea :
o
4$scillosope)
:
o
41ultimeter)
%o capacitance
36 F capacitance
0. Dra! the "98 and $98 voltage !aveshape and sho! the values for half !ave rectifier.
2. Dra! the "98 and $98 voltage !aveshape and sho! the values for full !ave rectifier 4!ith &
!ithout capacitor).