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Presented by

Senior Geophysicist
Mohamed Ibrahim Shihataa



Bright-spot reservoir?
Attribute
Analysis
System
Yes !
Course Schedule:
Day 1:
Topic 1 Review of seismic structural and stratigraphic interpretation
Structural Analysis - What is it.
Role of Seismic Interpretation.
Fault Identification: Time Slice View.
Co rendering of Data.
Interpret Horizon Seeds.
(Manual and Semi-automatic pickers )

Topic 2 Introduction to seismic attributes

DEFINATION OF SEISMIC ATTRIBUTES
Seismic attributes --- the background
USES OF SEISMIC ATTRIBUTES
CLASSIFICATION OF SEISMIC ATTRIBUTES
Steps for choose attributes suitable for our target
HORIZON OR VOLUME ATTRIBUTES
Compare between horizons attributes and window attributes
CHOOSE YOUR TARGET BEFORE USING SEISMIC ATTRIBUTES.
MATHIMATICAL MEANING OF SEISMIC ATTRIBUTES
PHYSICAL MEANING OF SEISMIC ATTRIBUTES
Seismic attribute application trends
Seismic attribute methodology


Topic 3 Theoretical background of some major seismic attributes
Physical attributes definitions
Amplitudes attributes application for DHI
Seismic Waveform Detection of Faults and stratigraphic interpretation
Using amplitude attributes in structure and stratigrapjic interpretation.
Methods of making horizon slices
Window amplitude application
Complex Trace Attributes The Underlying Concepts
Instantaneous attributes
1. Trace envelope (Total Energy) ,
2. Time Derivative of envelope (rate of change of event energy),
3. Second time derivative (acceleration) of envelope
4. Instantaneous phase.
5. Normalized Amplitude-
6. Relative Acoustic Impedance
7. Paraphase
8. Average Energy
Wavelet attributes
Wavelet Relative Q
Wavelet Apparent Polarity
Hybride attributes
Spectral Decomposition of Seismic Data
The objective of these topics is to explain the conventional interpretation approaches and show
the participants the weaknesses of those approaches and stress the additional benefits of
seismic attributes in reservoir characterization.
in reservoir characterization.

Day 2
Topic seismic data condition and noise cancellation
Use of coherence in processing QC
Common causes of acquisition footprint
Impact of acquisition footprint on amplitude
Filtering to reduce acquisition footprint
Structure-oriented filtering
Mean and median filter
Running Window Smoothing
Example of mean filter to enhance seismic attributes results
Examples of effect structure-oriented filtering on seismic data
Running-window vs. edge-preserving (Kuwahara) smoothing
Limitations to structure-oriented filtering
Objectives of image enhancement (applied after attribute generation)
Sharpened seismic coherence volume
Gaussian Filter
Fault enhancement
Image enhancement for fault extraction.
Fault Attribute, Fault Detect, fault density attributes

Topic 2 Importance of seismic data processing regarding AVO and 1 Importance of
seismic data acquisition regarding AVO

AVOPAK Design Philosophy
Terminology
Brief History
Understanding CDP Gathers
Relation between Vp and Vs as seismic attributes
AVO attributes
Theory of avo depend on converted wave theory
Zoeppritz equations
Bortfeld approximation
Why are there are many different equestions for AVO
AVO reservoir classification
AVO calibration
Modify ShuyS equation ,rock properties VS Near,Mid,Far angles
AVO INTERPRETATION WORKFLOWS
Synthetic Modeling Process
Calculating Synthetic Gathers
Recommendations when Modeling
Limitations on Synthetic Gathers
Recommended gather properties
Practical methods for AVO attributes interpretations
1. Mapping far and near offset
2. Analysis prestake gather attributes
3. Lithology prediction
Conditioning Gather Data for AVO Analysis

The objective of these topics is to emphasize the importance of amplitude preserved seismic
data acquisition and processing. Because it is extremely crucial that a successful interpretation
of seismic attributes depends on seismic data acquisition and processing parameters and
intensive efforts made in the field and at the data processing center.


Day 3
Topic 1 Geometric attributes ,Topic 2 3D dip and azimuth ,Topic 3 3D
coherence
Different between seismic data and seismic imaging.
Seismic data and seismic image mathematical
Physical meaning of geometric attributes
Relation between dip and strike of a seismic reflector within data volume
Definition of reflector dip and azimuth
Fault expression on dip/azimuth maps
Alternative volumetric measures of reflector dip
Instantaneous Dip
3-D estimate of dip and azimuth
Similarity Computation
EXAMPLE OF DIP AND AZIMUTH APPLICATIN
Coherency estimation
Coherency computation basic
Coherency estimation using the GST
structural dip using for coherence calculated
Example compare coherence with dip scan and GST oriented
Compare between different similarity attributes algorithm
Edge Attributes- which one should I be using
Dips of Maximum Semblance attributes
Dips of Maximum Semblance
Similarity attributes
Dip Variance
Similarity Variance
Shale Indicator

Topic combine seismic attributes
3-D multiattribute voxel processing
3-D multiattribute display and visualization
Opacity control and multiattributes display
Combine geometric attribute to identify faults
Edge Attributes- which one should I be using
Compare of edge attributes in same time slice
Example of edge attributes combination by CMY color
Impeded edge attributes with amplitude (Fault Expression )
SD with similarity attributes to enhance channels identification
Combine similarity with SD frequencies attributes to enhance faults image.
Transparency will effect on seismic attributes display
Co-Blending Attributes
Artificial Neural Nets (ANN)
Structural identify by multi attributes neural network Attributes workflow
multiattributes in different geosciences software (kingdom.opendetect, FFAGeoTric)
Combine curvatures attributes with coherence to identify faults and fracture
The objective of these topics is to introduce the theoretical definitions of dip, azimuth,
coherence, and curvature of reflectors so that spatial distributions of seismic attributes are
easily recognized on attribute sections. Also volumetric calculations of attributes mentioned
above are presented and their interpretation is discussed in connection with different geologic
models.




Day 4
Coherence algorithms, curvature attribute
1. Estimate of coherence
Crosscorelation
. Semblance
Eigenstructure
2. Factor effect in attribute coherence
Time slice or horizon
Effect of window in coherence
3. Curvature attributes
Curvatures attributes theory
Curvature of picked horizons
Fracture detection
Typical workflow for curvature calculated along picked horizons
Curvatures Attributes extracted along a geological horizon
Attributes extracted along time slices
Shape index applications
Computational vs. Interpretational curvature
Attribute imaging of faults and flexures
Examples of application

Geobody extraction and seismic attributes workflow
Workflow for seismic attributes for faults and fractures detections.
Attribute expression of clastic depositional environments
Seismic imaging application in 3D interpretation
Geobody extraction for many software application
How software enhance faults image
Workflows for data conditions

The objective of these topics is to show how to calculate coherency using multi-traces and make
comparisons to specify the best approach. Moreover, practical applications of various
curvatures are displayed using seismic sections and geologically the most useful curvature type
is recommended.
Day 5
Data condition application
Similarity attributes applications
Dip attributes application
Curvature attributes applications