You are on page 1of 2

Diabetes

by Farzin Sadeq & Layal


Barakat 9B
How to Prevent and Manage Diabetes
"What Is Diabetes?" BBC News. BBC, 19 Apr.
2013. Web. 18 May 2014. <http://
www.bbc.co.uk/science/0/21704103>.
http://thehappinessinhealth.com/wp-content/
uploads/2010/03/Slide13.jpg
"Types of Diabetes." International Diabetes
Federation. Web. 17 May 2014. <http://
www.idf.org/types-diabetes>.
"Complications of Diabetes." International
Diabetes Federation. Web. 16 May 2014.
<http://www.idf.org/complications-diabetes>.
Diabetes in Qatar
The main cause of diabetes in Qatar
is the easy access everyone has to
fast food chains, including having
fast food delivered to your home
free of charge.
A Guide to Diabetes
Complications of Diabetes
Cardiovascular disease leading to
heart attacks and strokes
Kidney disease leading to failure
Nerve disease damaging nerves
and losing feeling which causes
limb amputations
Eye disease causing reduced vision
or blindness
Pregnancy complications Women
with any type of diabetes during
pregnancy risk complications if they
do not manage their condition.
High blood glucose during
pregnancy can lead to the fetus
putting on excess weight. It can
lead to problems in delivery, trauma
to child and mother and sudden
drop in blood glucose for the child
after birth.
Types of Diabetes
There are two main types of
diabetes. Both Type I and Type II
diabetes are serious.
In Type I diabetes, the cells of the
pancreas stop making insulin. It
usually develops in children or young
adults. People with this form of
diabetes need injections of insulin
every day in order to control the
levels of glucose in their blood.
In Type II diabetes, the pancreas cells
do not make enough insulin or the
body's cells do not react properly.
This is known as insulin resistance. It
accounts for 90% of all diabetes
cases. Type II diabetes can occur at
any age. It can be associated with
overweight or obesity, which causes
insulin resistance and high blood
glucose levels.
How the Body Controls Blood
Sugar Levels
Your body uses blood sugar
(glucose) for energy. Glucose is a
basic ingredient of sweet food and
can be produced by carbohydrates
when they are digested.
The hormone insulin, which is made
by the pancreas, regulates how much
glucose is in the blood. Insulin
stimulates cells all over your body to
absorb enough glucose from the
blood to provide energy. After a
meal, the amount of glucose in your
blood rises, which triggers the
release of insulin.
When blood glucose levels fall,
during exercise for example,
glucagon is released to the liver to
break down the glycogen and release
glucose to the rest of the body.
Denition of Diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic condition
where the amount of glucose in
your body cannot be converted into
energy. Instead of being turned into
energy, the glucose stays in the
blood, which is very dangerous for
the body and causes many
complications if not treated.