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Project : FITCO-01 Design of Foot ball court Friction Factor = 1.25, Allowable % of PSI

Variation between Valve and the last

Design Capacity 118.5GPM rounded to 120GPM Sprinkler - 6.93%. Sprinkler to Sprinkler

Pressure Variation is less than 1% of the

Dynamic Pressure 90PSI nominal Operating Pressure of

Sprinkler.

Length of Pipe

Loss per 100ft

Type of pipe

Flow (GPM)

Size of Pipe

Remarks

(Inches)

(Feet)

(PSI)

(PSI)

(PSI)

Line

Sl#

Lateral Line

Class 200 1.5 23.7 1.09 0.0109 66.9 0.729 The sizes of Lateral

Section A

Lines were managed

Lateral Line

Class 200 2.5 47.44 0.53 0.0053 63.04 0.3341 according to the

Section B Maximum Pressure

Lateral Line Variation between

Class 200 2.5 71.1 1.21 0.0121 66.846 0.8088

Section C last Sprinkler and

Lateral Line Valve as 6.93%,

A Section D Class 200 3 94.8 0.72 0.0072 62.976 0.4534 henceforth the

Friction Loss Factor

Lateral Line comes 1.24 or say

Class 200 3 118.5 1.11 0.0111 72.9 0.8092

Section E 1.25

Fittings - Pressure Losses in Lateral Line Pipe 3.1345 x 0.1 0.31345

Pressure Loss

Total Pressure Loss on Lateral Line Pipe 3.44795

Main Line (PVC SCH. 40)

Flow rounded to

Main Line SCH. 40 4 120 0.34 0.0034 764 2.59

120GPM

Fittings - Pressure Losses in Main Line Pipe 2.59 x 0.1 0.259

Pressure Loss

Size

Zone PSI Loss

Sl# Description (Inches Remarks

GPM (PSI)

)

Main Line Accessories

Isolation Valves - 3 nos. FITCO Model - Series 70B Negligible or zero

118.5 4 0

Brass Gate Valve Pressure Loss

Hydraulic Control Valve, FITCO Model # C 402/CF402

118.5 3 1.5

Flowmatic Pressure Relief and Check Valve

C Air and Vacuum Relief Valve, FITCO Model Series

118.5 3 0 Nil

3500

Pressure Loss Data is

Spring Loaded type Pressure Relief Valve FITCO

118.5 3 0 not available in the

Model # PR-600, F031-32052A

FITCO Catalogue

Total Pressure Loss on Main Line Accessories 1.5

Lateral Line Accessories

118.5 3 0

Brass Gate Valve Pressure Loss

Solenoid Valve FITCO 500 Series Proline high flow

D 118.5 3 4

Valve Model # 530-050

Zero Elevation or

E Elevation - Pressure Gain or Loss 118.5 0 0

Depression

F Other Accessories Loss if any 118.5 0 0 Nil

Estimated Pump Discharge Requirement = 118.5 + 11.85 (10%of Pump GPM Capacity as

135GPM

Pump Safety Factor) + 4.65GPM incase using QCVs = 135GPM

Pressure reduction 10% as Pump Safety Factor (add to the Total Pressure Loss) 90 X 0.1

9PSI

= 9PSI

Total Pressure Loss on Irrigation System calculated as per table above 12.522PSI

Pressure Required at the Head (Sprinkler) ie. Working Pressure 60PSI

Total Pressure Requirement (Estimated Dynamic Pressure at Design Capacity) of the

81.522PSI

System (60 + 21.175)

Pressure available at Pump Discharge (Dynamic Pressure at Discharge Point) 90PSI

As the Pressure Difference is a Positive Value the System will work efficiently

Design Notes: 1. Pump Capacity - 135GPM @ 90PSI 2. Design Capacity 118.5 GPM, Working Pressure 60PSI,

3. Schedule coefficient (SC) assumed as 1.25, and Distribution Uniformity assumed as 85%, 4. Maximum Flow

Variation between Valve and last Sprinkler 6.93%, 5. Application Rate is 14mm per Day, 6. Water Window for

one Station /Zone - 65 Minutes, Total Stations/Zones - 7 nos., Total Water Window for the System, 7 hours 35

minutes, 7. Evapotranspiration Rate assumed as 12mm, and Crop Coefficient is assumed as 1, 8. Main Line

Type - PVC SCH. 40, and Lateral Line - PVC CLASS 200, Rotor Sprinkler - FITCO K-RAIN PROSPORT Model 14003-

BSP/14003-BSP-SS, Nozzle # 30, 9. Size of Football Court 120 X 80 M (394 X 262 Feet), 10. Main Line type - Ring

Main Line total length 1528Feet.

Theoretical Water Requirement is given below at the area of 'Theoretical Calculation Details' (Sl# 2) below

(EWU). Actual Application is 120 X 80 X 12 = 115200 Liters per day, 30436 US Gallons per Day, @ 12 Liters per 1

2.

M

Po = Sprinkler Operating Pressure in PSI, Pv = Pressure Variation allowed between the Valve and the last

Sprinkler on the Circuit being sized, usually 10% to 20% of the desired Sprinkler Operating Pressure, Lc = Critical

Length of Pipe from Control Valve to the farthest Head in hundred Feet.

Applying figures to the Formulae Ff = (Po x Pv) / Lc = (60 X 0.0693) / 3.33 = 1.248 or say 1.25 for 100 Feet of

Lateral Line. In our design the Pressure Difference between last Head to the Valve is 3.134 including Fittings

Loss. Allowable is 1.25 X 3.33 = 4.16PSI, where as Lc in our case is 333 Feet.

Estimated Water Use in

2 EWU = (Eto X PF X HA X 0.62) / IE

Gallons per Day (EWU)

EWU = Estimated Water Use in Gallons per Day, Eto = Potential Daily Evapotranspiration for the worse case

scenario, in inches per day, PF = Plant Factor (Crop Coefficient), percent in decimal form, HA = Hydrozone area in

Square Feet, IE = Irrigation Efficiency or Distribution Uniformity, percent in decimal form, 0.62 = Constant for

conversion of units to Gallons per day.

Applying figures to the Formulae EWU = (0.47244 X 1 X 103228 X 0.62) / 0.85 = 35573 Gallons per Day X 3.785 =

134643 Liters per Day, ie. 134643 / 9600 = 14litres/M2 Area.

3 MAWA = Eto X LA X 0.496

Allowance (MAWA)

MAWA = Maximum Applied Water Allowance, Eto = Potential Daily Evapotranspiration for the worse case

scenario, in inches per day, LA = Landscaped area in Square Feet, 0.496 = Constant to convert area and

Evapotranspiration to Gallons and then multiplied by 0.8 as required by the model ordinance.

Applying figures to the Formulae MAWA = 0.47244 X 103228 X 0.496 = 24189 Gallons per Day X 3.785 = 91557

Liters per Day / 9600 = 9.54 Liters / Day.

Amount of Power Required

at the Pump Shaft based ob

4 BHP = (Q X h) / (3960 X Ef)

Pump Efficiency, Brake

Horse Power (BHP)

BHP = Brake Horse Power (1 HP = 550 ft-lbs / sec) Q = Pump Discharge in Gallons per Minute (GPM), h = Total

Dynamic Pressure in Feet, 3960 = Constant for conversion of units to Brake Horsepower, Ef = Pump Efficiency

(Decimal).

Not Calculated

Horse Power Required in

5 Pumping water, Horse HP = (ft x GPM) / (3960 x Ef)

Power (HP)

HP = Brake Horse Power, ft = The number of feet the water is lifted from the surface of the water source to the

Discharge point, GPM = The Gallons per minute being pumped, 3960 = Constant for conversion of units to Brake

Horsepower, Ef = Pump Efficiency (Decimal).

Not Calculated

Coefficient of Uniformity

6 Cu = 100 { 1.0 (-) ∑x / mn}

(Cu)

Cu = Uniformity Coefficient, x = The deviation of individual observations or catchments, ∑x = The sum of the

deviations of individual observations from the mean value m, m = Mean value of all observations in the

distribution, n = number of observations in the distribution, 100 = Constant for conversion to percent.

Not Calculated

Distribution Uniformity

7 Du = 100 { MQ1 / M }

(DU)

Du = Distribution Uniformity expressed as percent, MQ1 = Mean of Observation in lowest 25% of the

distribution, M = Mean of distribution, 100 = Constant for conversion to percent.

Not Calculated, assumed as 85%

PR = (34650 X GPM -for any Arc) / (Degrees Arc X Head Spacing in feet X Row

8a Head - Precipitation Rate

Spacing in feet)

(PR) in inches

PR = Precipitation Rate in inches per hour, GPM = Flow for a given Sprinkler of any Arc, in Gallons per Minute,

Degrees Arc = The Arc of the given Sprinkler in degrees, Head Spacing = The Space between the Heads in a row

in feet, Row Spacing = The Space between rows of Heads in feet, 34650 = Constant for conversion of area and

flow into common units.

Not Calculated

mm - Method (1) Individual

PR = (M3 per hour - for any Arc X 360,000) / (Degrees of Arc X Head Spacing

8b Head - Precipitation Rate

in meter X Row Spacing in meter)

(PR) in mm / hr

PR = Precipitation Rate in mm per hour, M3/hr = Flow for a given Sprinkler of any Arc, in M3 per Hour, Degrees

Arc = The Arc of the given Sprinkler in degrees, Head Spacing = The Space between the Heads in a row in Meter,

Row Spacing = The Space between rows of Heads in Meter, 360,000 = Constant for conversion of area and flow

into common units.

Not Calculated

Method (2) Total Area -

9a Precipitation Rate (PR) in PR = (96.25 X Total GPM) / Total Area

inches

PR = Precipitation Rate in inches per hour, Total GPM = Total Flow from all Sprinklers in the given Area in Gallons

per Minute, Total Area = The given irrigated area in square feet, 96.25 = Constant for conversion of area and

flow into common units.

Not Calculated

(1) PR = (Total Liter per Minute X 60) / Total Area (M2) , (2) PR = (Total M3

9b Precipitation Rate (PR) in

per Hour GPM) / Total Area (M2)

mm / hr

PR = Precipitation Rate in mm per hour, Total M3 per hour = Total Flow from all Sprinklers in the given Area in

M3 per Hour, Total Area = The given irrigated area in M2, 96.25 = Constant for conversion of area and flow into

common units.

Not Calculated

Precipitation Rate - Minimum PR = (ET x Total Acres) / (Hours Avail X Acre per Section X Valves X

10

Minimum Rate Required Efficiency)

ET = Amount of water to be applied in inches per day including crop efficient, Total Acres = The Area to be

irrigated in Acres, Hours Avail. = Hours available for irrigation each day, Acres per Section = Average area

covered by one Control Valve in Acres, Valves = Number of Valves operating at one time, Efficiency = System

operating efficiency in decimal equivalent of percent.

Not Calculated

SC = Scheduling Coefficient, 1.0 would be perfect uniformity, PR = Precipitation Rate, LPR = Lowest Precipitation

Rate in the irrigated Area

12 Irrigation Frequency (F) F = (AWHC X RZ X MAD) / (Eto X Kc)

F = Irrigation Frequency, AWHC = Available Water Holding Capacity is the moisture level in the soil which is

above the plant's Permanent Wilting Point, and below the soil's Field Capacity, In inches per foot, RZ = Root Zone

in feet, MAD = Management Allowable Depletion of water from the AWHC percent. MAD of 30-50% will sustain

a healthy Landscape, ETo = Reference Evapotranspiration Rate, in inches per day, Kc = Crop coefficient, decimal.

Not Calculated

13 T = (60 X D X ETo X Kc) / (PR X IE)

Minutes (T)

T = Sprinkler Run Time in minutes, 60 = Constant for conversion of Area, Flow, Inches per hour and Inches per

day into common units, D = Watering Frequency in days, ETo = Reference Evapotranspiration rate, in inches per

day, Kc = Crop coefficient, decimal, PR = Precipitation rate of the area, in inches per hour, IE = Application

efficiency of the system, percent.

T = (60 X 7 X 12mm X 1) / (12.93mm X 0.85) = 65 minutes per Station/Zone X 7 = 455 / 7 = 7.5 hours total for 7

Stations/Zones..

OT = Circuit Operating Time in minutes per Day, 60 = Constant for conversion factor of 60min/h, I = System

irrigation requirement in inches (mm) per week in the "worst case" season, PR = Circuit Precipitation rate in

inches (mm) per hour, DA = Days available for irrigation per week.

OT = (98mm X 60 minutes/h) / (12.93mm/h X 7) = 65 minutes per Station / Zone, 65 X 7 = 455 minutes for 7

Stations / Zones, 455/60 = 7 hours 35 minutes..

Incase the Pump Selection is to be done from the FITCO Catalogue - Selected Pump is

FITCO WATERTRONICS Model WT-120/150-ST, Pressure 120PSI @ 150GPM /8.1 bar @

564LPM. (Friction Loss Calculation as per HUNTER IRRIGATION Method)

Calculating Design Capacity and Dynamic Pressure

A Record Ste Information

1 Dynamic Pressure at the Discharge Point 120PSI

Net Elevation change (Discharge Line up to Solenoid Valve) + Uphill, (-

3 0

) Downhill

4 Pressure change due to Elevation : Line 3 X 0.433 0

Details Number / Length Size Type

9 Air and Vacuum Relief Valve 2 nos. 3" Cast Aluminium Body

11 Pump / Well GPM Capacity Continuous supply available at Discharge Point (Line 2) 150 GPM

12 Pump Safety Factor (-) 15GPM

Discharge Point 150 X 0.10

13 Pressure Loss from Discharge Point to the Solenoid Valve Point

15 Pressure Loss in the Delivery Line 0.34PSI loss(per 100 feet) 764ft / 100 2.59PSI

16 Fittings Loss through Delivery Line (10% of Delivery Line Pressure Loss) 0.259

Pressure Loss from the Discharge Point to Solenoid Valve at 'worst case' Circuit (add

22 16.349

Lines 13 through 21)

23 Approximate Dynamic Pressure at Design Capacity

Subtract the PSI lost from the Discharge Point to the Solenoid Valve (POC) at Line 22 16.349PSI

Pressure change due to Elevation change from the POC to the highest Head in the

24 0.00

System 0 X 0.433

Pressure subtotal (subtract Line 24 from Line 23; for worst case Heads which are

25 103.651PSI

lower than the POC, add Lines 23 and 23)

26 69.446PSI

103.651 X 0.67

Working Pressure of Sprinkler is 60PSI, Pressure available at Head is 69.446PSI, excess Pressure is

9.446PSI, this can be managed by setting Pressure to 110PSI from 120PSI at Pump Discharge by

Pressure Reducing Valve provided with the Pump System at Discharge Line of Pump.

Dynamic Capacity and Dynamic Pressure Calculations using Hunter Software for

Pressure Management for the System

Job no. - FIT-01 Model Football Court

A Inputs

1 Rated Discharge 135GPM

2 Pump Pressure 92PSI

3 Net Elevation Change in Feet 0 Feet

4 Delivery Line Type (Main Line) PVC SCH. 40

Aa Friction Losses

Meagre and

10 Other Components Loss 0PSI

negligible

11 0 Feet

the highest Head in the System

B Result

Pump System

12 92PSI

Point) % Theoretical

Pressure Loss (on

actual) at Main Line

Dynamic Pressure at Point of Connection of Lateral is 4.73% , Practical

13 75.8PSI

Line Calculation is 17.6%

14 121.5GPM % Theoretical

Lateral Line

Pressure Loss (on

actual is 8.89%) at

Lateral Line is 10.79%

(based on Serial # 13),

Estimated Pressure Available for Sprinkler

15 60.6PSI Practical Calculation

Operation

is 16.52% (based on

Serial # 13 it is 20%)

Theoretical Sum % of Pressure Loss (on actual) at Main Line and Lateral Line together is 13.6%,

Practical Sum % is 34%. This difference of Pressure Difference (20.4%) will cover Pump Safety and

Pressure Loss on sedimentation/contamination in Irrigation water due to inefficient filtration and

when using Effluent water for Irrigation purposes, and also ageing of System altogether as time

passes.

BILL OF QUANTITY & ESTIMATE

1 Sport BSP/14003 BSP-SS Nozzle Gear Driven, 35 nos. _ _

Nozzle # 30

Electric Remote Valve (Solenoid Valve) 3"

2 Size- FITCO Model 500 Series Proline High 7 nos. _ _

Flow Valve

Gate Valve - FITCO Series Model CIM 70B

3 3 nos. _ _

Brass body, 4" Size

Gate Valve - FITCO Series Model CIM 70B

4 7 nos. _ _

Brass body, 3" Size

Quick Coupling Valve FITCO Model FQCV

5 8 nos. _ _

108110 - 1" Size

Hydraulic Valve, FITCO Model # C 402

6 Flowmatic Pressure Relief and Check Valve - 1 no. _ _

3" Size

7 2 nos. _ _

Series 3500 - 3" Size

In-line Filter, FITCO Model Series 335 - 3"

8 7 nos. _ _

Size

Model Series JR, LGK,

LG, LMJ and LH

Leemco Pipe Joint Restraint Systems, in

according to the

9 place of Thrust Blocks - 4" Sizes for 16 nos. _ _

Variety of

Components noted in the Design

Components and

Fittings

LG, LMJ and LH

Leemco Pipe Joint Restraint Systems, in

according to the

10 place of Thrust Blocks - 3" Sizes for 4 nos. _ _

Variety of

Components noted in the Design

Components and

Fittings

Irrigation Controller 'ECO' Series TURF -AG

11 Controller, FITCO Model # T68-12-G, 12 1 no. _ _

Stations, 25VAC, I Ampere output

Electronically Controlled Pumping System,

12 FITCO Model WT-120/150-ST 1 Set _ _

(120PSI@150GPM)

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