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Document No: UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006

Revision No.: 01
PROTECTIVE COATING
01 Issued for Comment J. Wells 6/07/04 C. Gillard 6/07/04
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Rev
Issue or Revision
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AMEC CLIENT
Protective Coating
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CONTENTS
1.0 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................ 4
2.0 ABBREVIATIONS .......................................................................................................................................... 4
3.0 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS....................................................................................................................... 4
4.0 SCOPE............................................................................................................................................................ 5
5.0 HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT..................................................................................................... 6
5.1 REGULATIONS ............................................................................................................................................. 6
5.2 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR PRESSURISED HOSES ........................................................................................ 6
5.3 GENERAL HAZARDS..................................................................................................................................... 6
5.4 SCAFFOLDING, STAGING AND ACCESSIBILITY ................................................................................................ 7
5.5 COATING MANUFACTURER'S INFORMATION ................................................................................................... 7
5.6 FLAMMABLE ATMOSPHERES (AREA CLASSIFICATION) .................................................................................... 7
5.7 PRECAUTIONS IN CLEANING AND APPLICATION OF PAINTS ............................................................................. 7
5.8 PERSONNEL/ ITEMS TO BE PROVIDED BY THE CONTRACTOR........................................................................... 7
6.0 PREPARATION FOR COATING ................................................................................................................... 8
6.1 SURFACE IRREGULARITIES ........................................................................................................................... 8
6.2 SURFACE CONTAMINANTS............................................................................................................................ 8
6.3 BLAST CLEANING......................................................................................................................................... 8
7.0 SELECTION OF COATING MATERIAL SUPPLIER..................................................................................... 9
8.0 QUALITY ASSURANCE .............................................................................................................................. 10
8.1 INSPECTION/ QUALITY CONTROL ................................................................................................................ 10
8.2 REPRESENTATIVE PANELS ......................................................................................................................... 10
8.3 COATING MANUFACTURER'S SUPPORT ....................................................................................................... 10
9.0 INSPECTION................................................................................................................................................ 11
9.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS ......................................................................................................................... 11
9.2 CONTRACTOR'S INSPECTION RECORDS....................................................................................................... 11
9.3 CONTRACTOR'S INSPECTION EQUIPMENT.................................................................................................... 11
9.4 ACCESS AND FACILITIES............................................................................................................................. 11
9.5 DOCUMENTATION OF THE WORK................................................................................................................. 11
10.0 SELECTION OF COATING SYSTEM....................................................................................................... 12
SYSTEM 1 .......................................................................................................................................................... 13
Jacket and Structure to Top of Jacket (including cellar deck), Bottom of Risers, Caissons, Process Pipework
to ESDV Termination ....................................................................................................................................... 13
SYSTEM 2 .......................................................................................................................................................... 14
Topsides Structure, Carbon Steel Equipment & Pipework.............................................................................. 14
SYSTEM 3 .......................................................................................................................................................... 15
Insulated Topsides Carbon Steel Equipment & Pipework............................................................................ 15
SYSTEM 4 .......................................................................................................................................................... 16
Controlled Environment/ Internal Areas, Carbon Steel Structure, Equipment & Pipework (excluding insulated
systems)........................................................................................................................................................... 16
SYSTEM 5 .......................................................................................................................................................... 17
Corrosion Resistant Alloy Equipment and Pipework, Insulated or operating above 50C (Stainless Steel 316)
and 60C (Duplex Steels and Alloy 825) ......................................................................................................... 17
SYSTEM 6 .......................................................................................................................................................... 18
Stainless steel and Alloy 825 Operating above 150C, Carbon Steel Operating above 120C, and Flare .... 18
SYSTEM 7 .......................................................................................................................................................... 19
Carbon Steel, Stainless steel and Alloy 825 operating above 120C (or design above 150C) where Access
is Poor .............................................................................................................................................................. 19
SYSTEM 8 .......................................................................................................................................................... 20
Galvanising and Coating over Galvanising...................................................................................................... 20
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SYSTEM 9 .......................................................................................................................................................... 21
Decks ............................................................................................................................................................... 21
SYSTEM 10 ........................................................................................................................................................ 22
Internal Surfaces of Carbon Steel Vessels (Hydrocarbon or Seawater) ......................................................... 22
SYSTEM 11 ........................................................................................................................................................ 23
Internal Surfaces of Carbon Steel Pipework Corrosion Protection .............................................................. 23
SYSTEM 12 ........................................................................................................................................................ 25
Internal Surfaces of Pipework Stainless Steel, Titanium & Nickel-Alloy Insulation Spools.......................... 25
SYSTEM 13 ........................................................................................................................................................ 27
Internal Surfaces of Potable Water Tanks....................................................................................................... 27
11.0 PICKLING AND PASSIVATION................................................................................................................ 28
11.1 BASE MATERIAL ........................................................................................................................................ 28
11.2 AFTER WELDING........................................................................................................................................ 28
11.2.1 Seawater (25%Cr super duplex, 6%Mo)........................................................................................ 28
11.2.2 Corrosive duty (including all process) (stainless steels, e.g. 316L, 22%Cr & 25%Cr duplex)....... 28
11.2.3 Clean duty (e.g. nitrogen, air) (stainless steel 316L) ..................................................................... 28
12.0 COLOUR SCHEDULE............................................................................................................................... 29
12.1 GENERAL .................................................................................................................................................. 29
12.2 PIPEWORK IDENTIFICATION......................................................................................................................... 29
12.3 PIPING SYSTEM COLOUR SCHEDULE .......................................................................................................... 29
12.4 EQUIPMENT AND STRUCTURE COLOUR SCHEDULE ...................................................................................... 31
FIGURE 1 FLANGE REBATE FOR GLASS FLAKE EPOXY LINED VESSELS AND PIPEWORK............................................. 35
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1.0 INTRODUCTION
This document gives requirements and recommendations for the surface preparation, coating
and colour schedule to be applied to both new and maintenance work which will be exposed to
atmospheric conditions (irrespective of whether it will be insulated).
An AMEC Materials Engineer should be consulted if further information is required.
This document identifies a range of coating systems that combine improved technology to give
enhanced performance/ longer life, and in many cases reduced number of coats, therefore
reducing the overall total coating times.
Application of coatings is a task with inherent safety implications and requires adherence to
certain prescriptive methods of working. This specification defines safe operating practice for
such activities. It also specifies coating systems that will minimise impact on health and safety
of operatives. Specifically isocyanate and lead chromate-based systems are excluded.
Prior to carrying out a coating operation it is necessary for the coating sub-contractor to submit
a full procedure for review and approval by an AMEC Materials Engineer.
2.0 ABBREVIATIONS
DFT: Dry Film Thickness
LTC: Low Temperature Curing
HB: High Build
MIO: Micaceous Iron Oxide
TSA: Thermal Spray Aluminium
3.0 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
SIS 05 5900: Swedish standard Surface preparation prior to painting
BS 4800: Paint colours for building purposes
BS 7079 A3: Preparation of steel substrates
BS 1710: Specification for identification of pipelines and services
BS 5493: Code of practice for protective coating of iron and steel
structures against corrosion
BS 7079/ ISO 8501: Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and
related products. Visual assessment of surface cleanliness.
Preparation grades of welds, cut edges and other areas with
surface imperfections.
NORSOK M-501: Surface preparation and protective coating.
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4.0 SCOPE
The contents of this specification define the essential requirements of surface preparation and
coating for structural steel, decks, modules, process-equipment, piping and production
facilities.
Specifically excluded from this specification is the protection of subsea pipeline items.
Coating requirements outwith the scope of this specification will be subject to prior approval by
the AMEC Materials Engineer.
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5.0 HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT
5.1 Regulations
Account shall be taken of all relevant technical, health, safety and environmental legislation.
Plant and equipment shall be maintained in good condition and shall comply with applicable
health, safety, and environmental (HSE) requirements: -
National or local law requirements;
Statutory requirements;
Site regulations;
Explosive atmosphere special regulations;
Company and Client procedures.
Compressors and any associated pressure vessels shall be protected against overpressure.
Current test certificates shall be held on site for inspection.
Blast cleaning and spray-painting equipment shall be continuously bonded from the nozzle to
the surface being painted and backwards from the nozzle to the compressor, which shall be
earthed. Compressors used shall meet any HSE requirements specified by AMEC.
5.2 Safety Precautions for Pressurised Hoses
Pressurised hoses shall be marked, tested and results logged to ensure safe operation. Test
certificates shall be available on site giving the maximum safe working pressure.
Hoses and other pressure items shall be checked at least once per week to confirm that any
damage or loss of electrical conductivity will not be a safety hazard. The 'dead-man' handle
shall only be manually held in position by the blaster. The Contractor shall keep a log of safety
inspections.
5.3 General Hazards
All hazards shall be identified and all necessary safety equipment shall be provided to ensure
personnel protection in accordance with the Personnel Protective Equipment Regulations,
1992.
The Contractor shall carry out COSHH and environmental assessments prior to start of the
work in accordance with Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations, 2002.
At the job planning stage an assessment of the potential for release of hazardous materials
into the environment shall be made, including provisions for the safe disposal of used
materials and waste.
Special attention shall be given to personnel protection. The Contractor shall provide all the
necessary items to ensure protection of his personnel whilst carrying out their duties.
Appropriate protective clothing shall be worn at all times. Routine checks shall be made of the
integrity of all personal protective equipment. Risk assessments will be conducted to
determine adequate fire fighting equipment will be deployed in high-risk areas such as paint
mixing areas and close to hydrocarbon or diesel driven plant and sufficient ventilation should
be provided whilst blasting or spraying operations are in process.
Independent breathing apparatus shall be worn such that the operator is unaffected by the
environment. Face fit testing will be required, in accordance with the Personnel Protective
Equipment Regulations, 1992. In particular areas where natural ventilation is insufficient,
positive ventilation shall be applied.
Solvent drums and containers shall be earthed.
Work areas shall be cordoned off with appropriate warning signs and appropriate containment
to avoid damage to adjacent items.
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5.4 Scaffolding, Staging and Accessibility
In the UK, fixed scaffolding, staging, trolleys, cradles, etc. shall be used in accordance with the
Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare Regulations (1996) and where relevant, the Offshore
Installations (Operational Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulations. In other countries safe
working practice shall be in accordance with a national standard to be agreed.
All boards are to be firmly fixed or tied down at all times. No loose boards or items of
equipment are to be left overnight.
Access shall be provided for painting and inspection of all surfaces in accordance with this
Specification, and enabling free movement of operators taking account of the effect of wearing
protective clothing on safety aspects.
5.5 Coating Manufacturer's Information
Manufacturer's data sheets and materials safety data sheets containing information on HSE
factors shall be provided for all products used, prior to start of the work, and shall be available
on site at the job location.
The sheets shall give specific information on the chemical composition of the materials
involved and precautions that must be taken.
5.6 Flammable Atmospheres (Area Classification)
The Client will advise area classifications for both plant design and construction/ maintenance
periods. Some classification may preclude use of certain paint compositions.
The classification for construction or maintenance periods will affect the minimum rating
permissible for the Contractor's electrical equipment.
The Contractor shall provide all necessary data for the proposed paint systems and solvents in
order to permit area classifications to be determined for the duration of the painting works.
5.7 Precautions in Cleaning and Application of Paints
Specific precautions shall be taken to avoid the build-up of flammable atmospheres from
cleaning solvents or paints in confined spaces. These shall include attention to weather
protection, ventilation and type of lighting used.
Work shall be carried out to company and client procedures and take account of all applicable
HSE regulations and statutory requirements.
5.8 Personnel/ Items to be provided by the Contractor
The Contractor shall supply all necessary personnel, equipment, painting, inspection and
recording instruments, including (unless specified otherwise) the following: -
Evaluation of all hazards and provision of proposals to meet HSE requirements;
Skilled, experienced and competent personnel/ supervision (taking account of work
scheduling, transportation and accommodation requirements);
Product data and materials safety data sheets, including valid COSHH assessment;
Provision and maintenance of plant, equipment and tools including those listed below;
Scaffolding, staging, cradles, etc.;
The required lighting to meet the electrical classification for the work area;
Ventilation, spray booths, weather protection, heating;
Surface preparation equipment; grinders, blasting equipment, vacuum cleaners etc.;
Paint and thinners;
Paint mixing equipment, spraying equipment (including air compressors and generators)
rollers, brushes solvents and clean rags.
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6.0 PREPARATION FOR COATING
Prior to commencing any coating application surfaces shall be free of irregularities, millscale
and rust and surface contaminants.
6.1 Surface Irregularities
Surface irregularities shall be removed/ made smooth prior to surface preparation.
Irregularities include: -
Sharp or rough edges and burrs;
Surface laminations and laps;
Weld spatter, and slag.
Such irregularities, which appear after surface preparation by blast cleaning, shall be similarly
treated. If grinding is necessary it shall be subject to AMEC approval and checking of
remaining wall thickness.
6.2 Surface Contaminants
Steel that has been exposed to a salt laden atmosphere shall be tested for the presence of
salts using the potassium ferricyanide test in accordance with BS 5493 Appendix G. Salts
shall be removed by washing.
Cleaning to remove oil and grease shall be carried out using proprietary emulsifying agents
and then washing with clean water. The surface shall be allowed to dry before proceeding
with further preparation and painting.
6.3 Blast Cleaning
Open dry grit blasting is required in general for new construction.
Open dry grit blasting is not acceptable to Maintenance Operations as it produces large
amounts of dust and grit, which contaminate a large area surrounding the location where grit
blasting is being used. This can be controlled by use of the Vacublast system.
Although, power tool cleaning may be more suitable in certain areas, it produces a poorly
prepared surface, hence the coating applied over it can be expected to fail in 18 months to 3
years.
The surface preparation method to be used for maintenance coating is precision wet abrasive
blasting. The advantages of wet abrasive blasting are as follows:
Removes most surface contaminates including millscale and profiles the steel surface;
Other trades can work safely in close proximity;
Virtually dust free;
Environmentally friendly;
Intrinsically safe and can be used in Zone 1 and 2 locations;
Extended coating life expectancy.
Disadvantages of wet abrasive blasting are as follows:
Grit and water are used, though low quantities of each;
Grit has to be removed from site to avoid blocking open drains;
Sheeting and light enclosures are necessary to prevent slight grit spread;
Confined spaces and overhead working are difficult due to splash-back effect and poor
operation visibility.
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7.0 SELECTION OF COATING MATERIAL SUPPLIER
Materials for coatings shall be selected based on the following:
Prior long-term good experience;
Compliance with Health and Safety criteria specific to the location and Platform;
Qualification to NORSOK M-501;
Compatibility with substrate.
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8.0 QUALITY ASSURANCE
8.1 Inspection/ Quality Control
The Contractor shall nominate the person or persons responsible for inspection/ quality
control. Details of the qualifications of such persons shall be submitted for approval.
Verification of the Vendor's quality system is normally part of the pre-qualification procedure,
and is therefore not specified in the core text of this specification.
8.2 Representative Panels
The Contractor shall prepare and coat two 300mm square sample plates with each coating
system required. This shall take place at least 7 days before starting the work and shall be
witnessed by the Contractor's Inspector.
Any additional material samples and test panels to be provided by the Contractor will be
specified where necessary.
8.3 Coating Manufacturer's Support
The coating Manufacturer's technical representative shall support the coating Contractor by:-
Being on site at the start of application (when required);
Providing expertise in case of any problems with his material and its application;
Making sufficient site visits during the contract to ensure that the coatings are being
applied in accordance with the Manufacturer's recommendations;
Providing a written report to AMEC following each site visit.
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9.0 INSPECTION
Contractor is responsible for ensuring that the correct paint materials are obtained and applied,
within the shelf life, such that work is performed to the standards of quality required by this
Specification and meeting the appropriate HSE requirements.
9.1 General Requirements
Paintwork shall be subject to inspection on a continuous basis by the Contractor's nominated
person who shall make a daily record and record the results of his inspections.
9.2 Contractor's Inspection Records
These shall include details of the following:-
Receipt and correct storage of coating materials including batch numbers and product
reference numbers.
Items being painted/ lined.
Location of work.
Ambient conditions recorded at least 4 times per day at the place of work. i.e. atmospheric
temperature/ relative humidity/ dewpoint/ metal surface temperature and general weather
conditions.
Condition of abrasives and equipment.
Surface preparation quality and profile, recorded by replica technique at least 4 times per
day on prepared steel surfaces.
Colour, wet and dry film thickness of paint coating on each item painted.
Repairs or other further work necessary.
Calibration of inspection instruments.
Details of any problems together with details of their resolution and actions taken to
prevent their recurrence.
Signature of Contractor's personnel responsible for inspection approving individual items of
work.
9.3 Contractor's Inspection Equipment
Contractor shall have available calibration certificates for all instruments.
9.4 Access and Facilities
Contractor shall provide access and facilities for Inspectors Inspection and testing equipment
comprising of air and surface thermometers, hygrometers, surface profile gauges, wet and dry
film thickness gauges, copies of the visual standard BS 7079-A1/ ISO 8501-1.
9.5 Documentation of the Work
Contractor shall ensure protection of the surroundings to painting works and shall ensure
subsequent safe disposal of materials or equipment used. He shall be responsible in the case
of any failure in this respect leading to damage, which shall be repaired and cleaned as
appropriate.
Contractor shall ensure protection of sensitive items during paint works, e.g. notices,
nameplates, lettering, gauges, sight glasses, light fittings.
Blasting dust and grit shall not be allowed to cause contamination of coated surfaces, which
are not yet dry.
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10.0 SELECTION OF COATING SYSTEM
SYSTEM 1 Jacket and Structure to Top of Jacket (including cellar deck), Bottom of
Risers, Caissons, Process Pipework to ESDV Termination.
SYSTEM 2 Topsides Structure, Carbon Steel Equipment & Pipework.
SYSTEM 3 Insulated Topsides Carbon Steel Equipment & Pipework
SYSTEM 4 Controlled Environment/ Internal Areas, Carbon Steel Structure, Equipment &
Pipework (excluding insulated systems)
SYSTEM 5 Corrosion Resistant Alloy Equipment and Pipework, Insulated or operating
above 50C (Stainless Steel 316) and 60C (Duplex Steels and Alloy 825)
SYSTEM 6 Stainless steel and Alloy 825 operating above 150C, Carbon Steel operating
above 120C, and Flare.
SYSTEM 7 Carbon Steel, Stainless steel and Alloy 825 operating above 120C (or
design above 150C) where Access is Poor.
SYSTEM 8 Galvanising and Coating over Galvanising
SYSTEM 9 Decks
SYSTEM 10 Internal Surfaces of Carbon Steel Vessels (Hydrocarbon or Seawater)
SYSTEM 11 Internal Surfaces of Carbon Steel Pipework Corrosion Protection
SYSTEM 12 Internal Surfaces of Pipework Stainless Steel, Titanium & Nickel-Alloy
Insulation Spools
SYSTEM 13 Internal Surfaces of Potable Water Tanks
NOTES:
Material that are inherently resistant to external corrosion in the relevant operating conditions
such as copper nickel alloys, and titanium, do not require coating.
Maintenance painting on live piping is acceptable provided any integrity concerns are
assessed and cleared by the Safety Engineer.
Stripe coating by brush shall be carried out on all welds, seams, corners and edges and shall
be in addition to the requirements of the Schedules.
Coating of panels for electrical and instrument enclosures shall be in accordance with the
manufacturers proprietary offshore system and shall be subject to review by the Purchaser.
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SYSTEM 1
Scope
JACKET AND STRUCTURE TO TOP OF JACKET (INCLUDING CELLAR DECK), BOTTOM OF RISERS, CAISSONS,
PROCESS PIPEWORK TO ESDV TERMINATION
Operating
Temperature
Up to 120C.
Life > 12 years.
1 Degrease using high-pressure detergent wash, followed by fresh water rinse. Pre-Surface
Preparation
2 Blow dry with clean dry compressed air.
New Build Dry abrasive blast clean all steel:
Splash zone and region to top of jacket: Sa 3 (SIS 05 5900) to achieve an angular
anchor profile of 75 125m.
Submerged zone: Sa 2.5 (SIS 05 5900) to achieve an angular
anchor profile of 50 75m.
Surface
Preparation
Maintenance Wet abrasive blast clean all rusted and damaged areas to Sa 2.5 (including overall
sweep blast of sound existing coating).
Wet blast primer can be applied to a wet surface provided it is free of water or a slightly
gingered dry surface. This is subject to client approval in each case. Flash rusting must
be no more than light as defined in the SSPC/ NACE standard for UHP water jetting.
Time between
Coats
5 24 hours
Metal Temp. 10C to 50C
Relative Humidity < 85%
Method Airless Spray
Sub-
merged
Coat 1 Two component high solids high build
glass flake epoxy
450 m DFT
Method Apply thermal spray aluminium by the Arc Spray process using high purity aluminium
(minimum purity 99.5%)
Coat 1 TSA 200 m OR 2 100 m
Coat 2 Air drying silicone aluminium sealer 40 m DFT
Application
Splash
zone and
region to
level 1
Coat 3 Air drying silicone aluminium sealer 40 m DFT
TSA in excess of 300 m shall be rejected. The entire coating shall be removed and re-coated in
accordance with the specification.
TSA is to be applied in two coats, unless it can be demonstrated that the required thickness can be achieved
successfully using a single coat application.
The inspection and testing requirements for TSA application along with the qualification of the metal spray
operators shall be as per NORSOK Standard M-501 Rev.4 1999.
Adhesion pull-off values measured on the test plates shall meet the individual acceptance criteria of 9.0 MPa.
Each test plate will be subject to inspection by all parties. In the event that any single adhesion measurement
during production drops to a minimum of 9.0 MPa, a further 3 readings shall be taken to achieve an overall
average of 10.0 MPa. Each sample plate will be subjected to adhesion testing as specified in EN ISO 4624.
Prior to the commencement of the contract all operatives engaged in the application of thermal metal materials
must produce sample plates for each coating system.
The thickness of the metal spray applied to a non-ferrous substrate is to be determined by using an, Elcometer
345 electronic gauge (or equivalent) fitted with a non-ferrous probe.
A sample plate is to be produced by each operative at the commencement of each working shift, this is to be
used as a comparison sample for production work completed on that shift. All sample plates are to have the
metal spray thickness recorded using an Elcometer gauge (or equivalent). The thickness recorded together with
the operatives name /number is to be attached to the sample plate.
Sharp edges and welds shall be rounded or smoothed by grinding (min. radius = 2mm).
Where TSA is used no further coating is required to achieve specific colours.
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SYSTEM 2
Scope
TOPSIDES STRUCTURE, CARBON STEEL EQUIPMENT & PIPEWORK
Operating
Temperature
Up to 120C.
Life Dry blast (New build): > 12 years
Wet blast (Maintenance): > 8 years
Power tool clean (Maintenance): 18 months to 3 years
1 Degrease using high-pressure detergent wash, followed by fresh water rinse Pre-Surface
Preparation
2 Blow dry with clean dry compressed air
New Build Dry blast to Sa 2.5 (SIS 05 5900) to achieve an angular anchor profile of 50 75m.
Pre-surface preparation not required
Surface
Preparation
Maintenance Wet abrasive blast clean all rusted and damaged areas to Sa 2.5.
Feather (sweep blast) edges of any existing sound coating.
Wet blast primer can be applied to a wet surface provided it is free of standing water or a
slightly gingered dry surface, subject to Client approval. Flash rusting must be no more
than light as defined in the SSPC/ NACE standard for UHP water jetting
OR
If wet blasting not permitted, Power Tool Clean all rusted and damaged areas to ST3
Metal Temp. 10 C to 50C
Relative
Humidity
< 85%
Time
between
Coats
24 hours to 7 days
Method Airless Spray Brush
Coat 1 New
Build
Two pack, zinc rich epoxy primer 75 m
DFT
N/A
Maint. Two pack epoxy wet blast primer 50 m
DFT
Two pack, LTC surface
tolerant epoxy
100 m
DFT
Coat 2 New
Build
Low temperature curing, two
component high solids high build
glass flake epoxy
400 m
DFT
N/A
Maint. Low temperature curing two-
pack glass flake epoxy.
400 m
DFT
Two pack LTC high
build epoxy undercoat
100 m
DFT
Coat 3 New
Build
Isocyanate-free epoxy acrylic
two pack epoxy (for colour
matching only)
50 m
DFT
N/A
Maint. Isocyanate-free epoxy acrylic
two pack epoxy (for colour
matching only)
50 m
DFT
Two pack LTC high
build epoxy undercoat
100 m
DFT
Application
Coat 4 N/A Isocyanate-free epoxy
acrylic two pack (for
colour matching only)
50 m
DFT
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SYSTEM 3
Scope
INSULATED TOPSIDES CARBON STEEL EQUIPMENT & PIPEWORK
Operating
Temperature
Up to 150C
Life Dry blast (New build): > 12 years
Wet blast (Maintenance): > 8 years
Power tool clean (Maintenance): 18 months to 3 years
1 Degrease using high-pressure detergent wash, followed by fresh water rinse Pre-Surface
Preparation
2 Blow dry with clean dry compressed air
New Build Dry blast, to Sa 2.5 (SIS 05 5900) to achieve an angular anchor profile of 50 75m.
Pre-surface preparation not required
Surface
Preparation
Maintenance Wet abrasive blast clean all rusted and damaged areas to Sa 2.5 (including overall sweep
blast of sound existing coating)
OR
If wet blasting not permitted, Power Tool Clean all rusted and damaged areas to ST3 or
SSPC SP11.
Time
between
Coats
5 24 hours
Metal Temp. 10 C to 50C
Relative
Humidity
< 85%
Method Airless spray
Coat 1 New Build Epoxy phenolic (high cross linked) 150 m DFT
Maint. Epoxy phenolic (high cross linked) 150 m DFT
Coat 2 New Build Epoxy phenolic (high cross linked) 150 m DFT
Application
Maint. Epoxy phenolic (high cross linked) 150 m DFT
NOTE:
Special precautions are required when using phenolic coatings to address the safety issues.
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SYSTEM 4
Scope
CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT/ INTERNAL AREAS, CARBON STEEL STRUCTURE, EQUIPMENT &
PIPEWORK (EXCLUDING INSULATED SYSTEMS)
Operating
Temperature
Up to 120C.
Life Dry blast (New build): > 12 years
Power tool clean (Maintenance): 18 months to 3 years
1 Degrease using high-pressure detergent wash, followed by fresh water rinse. Pre-Surface
Preparation
2 Blow dry with clean dry compressed air.
New Build Dry blast to Sa 2.5 (SIS 05 5900) to achieve an angular anchor profile of 50 75m.
Pre-surface preparation not required
Surface
Preparation
Maintenance Power Tool Clean all rusted and damaged areas to ST3.
Time
between
Coats
5 24 hours
Metal Temp. 10 C to 50C
Relative
Humidity
< 85%
Method Airless spray
Coat 1 LTC two pack surface tolerant epoxy aluminium-containing primer 100 m DFT
Application
Coat 2 Two pack epoxy acrylic finish 50 m DFT
Protective Coating
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SYSTEM 5
Scope
CORROSION RESISTANT ALLOY EQUIPMENT AND PIPEWORK, INSULATED OR OPERATING ABOVE
50C (STAINLESS STEEL 316) AND 60C (DUPLEX STEELS AND ALLOY 825)
Operating
Temperature
-50C to 150C.
Protective coating is not required for continuous operating temperatures below -50C.
Life > 10 years
1 Degrease using high-pressure detergent wash, followed by fresh water rinse. Pre-Surface
Preparation
2 Blow dry with clean dry compressed air.
New Build Blast clean using chloride-free aluminium oxide or silicon carbide to achieve a surface
profile of 75-100 m.
Blow dry with compressed air
Surface
Preparation
Maintenance Mechanically abrade with medium emery paper to provide key
Time
between
Coats
5 24 hours
Metal Temp. 10 C to 50C
Relative
Humidity
< 85%
Method Airless spray OR Brush
New Build Epoxy phenolic (high cross linked) 150 m DFT Coat 1
Maint. Epoxy phenolic (high cross linked) 150 m DFT
New Build Epoxy phenolic (high cross linked) 150 m DFT
Application
Coat 2
Maint. Epoxy phenolic (high cross linked) 150 m DFT
NOTE:
Specification is only suitable for application to in-service pipework with a maximum surface temperature of 50C.
This restriction does not apply if process facilities are taken out of service.
Special precautions are required when using phenolic coatings to address the safety issues.
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 18 of 3535 Revision 01
SYSTEM 6
Scope
STAINLESS STEEL AND ALLOY 825 OPERATING ABOVE 150C, CARBON STEEL OPERATING ABOVE
120C, AND FLARE
Operating
Temperature
-50 to 400C.
Protective coating is not required for continuous operating temperatures below 50C.
Life > 20 years
1 Degrease using high-pressure detergent wash, followed by rinse with fresh water with
maximum chloride concentration of 30ppm.
Pre-Surface
Preparation
2 Blow dry with clean dry compressed air.
New Build Carbon steel: Blast clean to Sa 3 (SIS 05 5900) to achieve an angular
anchor profile of 75 125m using chilled iron grit.
Stainless steel & Alloy 825: Blast clean using chloride-free aluminium oxide or silicon
carbide grit to achieve a surface profile of 75-100 m.
Blow dry with compressed air
Surface
Preparation
Maintenance Carbon steel: Power Tool Clean all rusted and damaged areas to ST3
Stainless steel & Incoloy: Mechanically abrade with medium emery paper to provide
key
Time
between
Coats
5 24 hours
Metal Temp. 10 C to 50C
Relative
Humidity
< 85%
Method Apply thermal spray aluminium by the Arc Spray/ Flame Spray process using high purity
aluminium (minimum purity 99.5%)
Coat 1 TSA 200 m OR 2 100 m
Coat 2 Air drying silicone aluminium sealer 40 m DFT
Application
Coat 3 Air drying silicone aluminium sealer 40 m DFT
NOTES
TSA in excess of 300 m shall be rejected. The entire coating shall be removed and recoated in
accordance with the specification.
TSA is to be applied in two coats, unless it can be demonstrated that the required thickness can be achieved
successfully using a single coat application.
The inspection and testing requirements for TSA application along with the qualification of the metal spray
operators shall be as per NORSOK Standard M-501 Rev.4 1999.
Regardless of application method used, adhesion pull-off values measured on the test plates shall meet the
individual acceptance criteria of 9.0 MPa. Each test plate will be subject to inspection by all parties
In the event that any single adhesion measurement during production drops to a minimum of 9.0 MPa, a further
3 readings shall be taken to achieve an overall average of 10.0 MPa. Each sample plate will be subjected to
adhesion testing as specified in EN ISO 4624. Prior to the commencement of the contract all operatives
engaged in the application of thermal metal materials must produce sample plates for each coating system.
The thickness of the metal spray applied to a non-ferrous substrate is to be determined by using an, Elcometer
345 electronic gauge (or equivalent) fitted with a non-ferrous probe.
A sample plate is to be produced by each operative at the commencement of each working shift, this is to be
used as a comparison sample for production work completed on that shift.
All sample plates are to have the metal spray thickness recorded using an Elcometer gauge (or equivalent). The
thickness recorded together with the operatives name /number is to be attached to the sample plate.
Metal spray readings are to be taken after the application of the first coat. Any low thickness areas highlighted
to the operative prior to the application of the second coat. These results are to be recorded. The thickness
reading process is to be repeated after the application of the second coat of metal spray and recorded.
Sharp edges and welds shall be rounded or smoothed by grinding (min. R = 2mm).
Where TSA is used no further coating is required to achieve specific colours.
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 19 of 3535 Revision 01
SYSTEM 7
Scope
CARBON STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL AND ALLOY 825 OPERATING ABOVE 120C (OR DESIGN ABOVE
150C) WHERE ACCESS IS POOR
Operating
Temperature
-50 to 150 - 200C.
Protective coating is not required for continuous operating temperatures below -50C.
Life 18 months to 3 years
1 Degrease using high-pressure detergent wash, followed by rinse with fresh water with
maximum chloride concentration of 30ppm.
Pre-Surface
Preparation
2 Blow dry with clean dry compressed air.
Surface
Preparation
Carbon steel: Power tool clean to ST3.
Stainless steel & Alloy 825: Abrade to provide a key with a surface profile of 75-100 m.
Time
between
Coats
5 24 hours
Metal
Temp.
10 C to 50C
Relative
Humidity
< 85%
Method Airless spray OR Brush
Coat 1 Two pack, epoxy aluminium primer 100 m DFT
Application
Coat 2 Two pack, epoxy aluminium primer 100 m DFT
NOTES
Some manufacturers aluminium primers do not perform satisfactorily at temperatures in excess of 150C.
Therefore test data of tests carried out at maximum operating temperature using the proposed product shall be
supplied to the Purchaser for review.
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 20 of 3535 Revision 01
SYSTEM 8
Scope
GALVANISING AND COATING OVER GALVANISING
Operating
Temperature
-10 to 65C.
Life > 10 years
Galvanising As per Vendors developed procedure
1 Degrease using high-pressure detergent wash, followed by fresh water rinse.
2 Blow dry with clean dry compressed air.
Pre-Surface
Preparation
Coating
3 Previously painted galvanised steel requires pre-surface treatment followed
by coats 3 5 of coating application.
Galvanising As per Vendors approved procedure Surface
Preparation
Coating Abrade all new galvanising and aged galvanising by sanding or sweep-
blasting with fine abrasive (80 100 mesh) at 80 psi.
Power Tool Clean all rusted and damaged areas to ST3.
Galvan-
Ising
Method As per Vendors
approved
procedure.
Handrails, gratings, ladders & safety hoops:
Backing flanges and other
Not applicable for handrails, gratings, ladders and safety hoops
Time
between
Coats
5 24 hours
Metal
Temp.
10 C to 50C
Relative
Humidity
< 80%
Method Airless spray
Coat 1 Prime bare steel with a touch-up coat of LTC two pack,
surface tolerant epoxy aluminium primer
100 m DFT
Coat 2 Phosphoric acid based etching solution. 5 -20 m DFT
Coat 3 Apply full overall intermediate coat of two pack, surface
tolerant LTC epoxy MIO primer
100 m DFT
Coat 4 Two pack epoxy 50 m DFT
Application
Coating
Coat 5 Two pack epoxy (Only required if specific final light colour is
required)
50 m DFT
NOTE:
Special precautions are required when using phosphoric acid to address the safety issues.
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 21 of 3535 Revision 01
SYSTEM 9
Scope
DECKS
Operating
Temperature
-20 to 50C.
Life Dry blast to Sa 2.5 (New build): > 12 years
Wet blast (Maintenance): > 8 years
Power tool clean (Maintenance): 18 months to 3 years
Pre-Surface
Preparation
Degrease using high-pressure detergent wash followed by fresh water rinse (as necessary).
Blow dry with clean dry compressed air.
New
Build
Dry blast to Sa 2.5 (SIS 05 5900) to achieve an angular anchor profile of 50 75m.
Pre-surface preparation not required
Surface
Preparation
Maint. Wet abrasive blast clean all rusted and damaged areas to Sa 2.5.
Feather (sweep blast) edges of any existing sound coating
Blow dry with clean dry compressed air
OR
Power Tool Clean all rusted and damaged areas to ST3
Application Metal
Temp.
10 C to 50C
Relative
Humidity
< 85%
Time
between
Coats
24 48 hours
Method Airless Spray Brush Primer & Trowel
Coat 1 Two pack zinc rich epoxy 75 m
DFT
Surface tolerant aluminium 125 m
DFT
Coat 2a Aggregate dressed heavy-duty
anti-slip solventless epoxy (coal
tar free) deck coating by trowel
to a wet film thickness of 3.0 mm
prior to dressing with heavy non-
sparking aggregate.
3mm
DFT
Aggregate dressed heavy-duty anti-
slip solventless epoxy (coal tar free)
deck coating by trowel to a wet film
thickness of 3.0 mm prior to
dressing with heavy non-sparking
aggregate.
3mm
DFT
Coat 2b 2 pack epoxy + non-sparking
aggregate
250m 2 pack epoxy + non-sparking
aggregate
250m
Coat 3 Apply by brush isocyanate-free
epoxy sealer coat after screed
has cured for 24 hours and
surplus aggregate has been
removed. Markings for escape
routes to be white hatched lines.
50 m
DFT
Apply by brush isocyanate-free
epoxy sealer coat after screed has
cured for 24 hours and surplus
aggregate has been removed.
Markings for escape routes to be
applied as white hatched lines.
50 m
DFT
NOTES:
Coat 2a to be used for the following:
All areas on the weather deck.
Primary access routes, including escape routes on all remaining decks.
Lay down areas
Coat 2 B to be used for other deck area apart from galvanised gratings and areas covered by 2a.
If screed system for primary decks cannot be applied due to time constraints, apply EPOK TREAD tile system as
per manufacturers recommendations.
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 22 of 3535 Revision 01
SYSTEM 10
Scope
INTERNAL SURFACES OF CARBON STEEL VESSELS (HYDROCARBON OR SEAWATER)
Operating
Temperature
-50 to 110C.
Protective coating is not required for continuous operating temperatures below -50C.
Life If %Benzene in crude & chemicals 2%: 4 7 ye
If %Benzene in crude & chemicals < 2%: > 12 ye
1 Degrease using high-pressure detergent wash, followed by fresh water rinse. Pre-Surface
Preparation
2 Blow dry with clean dry compressed air.
New Build Dry abrasive blast clean all areas to Sa 2.5 with a blast profile of 50 100 m. Surface
Preparation
Maintenance Wet abrasive blast clean all exposed and damaged areas to Sa 2.5 with a blast profile
of 50 100 m.
Sweep blast existing sound coating.
Where vessels have been in service, a second blast clean is essential after the
internal examination/repairs to ensure all surface contamination is removed.
Blow dry with clean dry compressed air
Time
between
Coats
5 24 hours
Metal Temp. 10 C to 50C
Relative
Humidity
< 85%
Method Airless spray
Coat 1 Two pack, vinyl ester holding primer, buff colour 50 m DFT
Coat 2 Glass reinforced, vinyl ester, buff colour 500 m DFT
Coat 3 Glass reinforced, vinyl ester, buff colour 500 m DFT
Application
Coat 4 Glass reinforced vinyl ester, white colour.
2nd coat of glass flake, vinyl ester coating can be replaced with
modified vinyl ester coating containing silicon carbide for improved
abrasion resistance where fluids contain sand
500 m DFT
NOTES:
Primer to be optional.
All internal welds are to be ground smooth where accessible. Inaccessible welds shall be inspected for
smoothness and freedom from weld spatter and slag
Flange faces are to be rebated as per the drawing in figure 1in order that the coating can be carried from the
pipe bore out across the inner part of the flange face. This procedure will prevent service attack of gasket seal
face.
Accessible sharp edges to be coated shall be ground to a minimum radius of 1.5mm.
Each internally coated vessel shall be marked in black letters GLASS FLAKE LINED NO HOT WORK.
Replacement coatings shall utilise the same coating type, from the same Manufacturer as the original coating. If
this cannot be achieved compatibility tests shall be carried out.
Vinyl ester coatings are suitable for immersion service up to temperatures of 100C.
Localised general wastage of internal surfaces shall be protected using a laminating resin reinforced with glass
roving as per the manufacturers recommendations.
All internally lined vessels shall be holiday detected in accordance with NACE RP0-188. Repairs shall be done
with the same materials as used for original lining. Only repaired areas should be re-holiday checked after
repairs. Do not recheck the lining that has already been checked and found to be holiday free. Consult the
vendor for proper surface preparation to repair areas.
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 23 of 3535 Revision 01
SYSTEM 11
Scope
INTERNAL SURFACES OF CARBON STEEL PIPEWORK CORROSION PROTECTION
Operating
Temperature
-50 to 105C.
Protective coating is not required for continuous operating temperatures below -50C.
Life If %Benzene in crude & chemicals 2%: 4 7 ye
If %Benzene in crude & chemicals < 2%: > 12 ye
1 Degrease using high-pressure detergent wash, followed by fresh water rinse. Pre-Surface
Preparation
2 Blow dry with clean dry compressed air.
Surface
Preparation
Dry abrasive blast clean all areas to Sa 2.5 with a blast profile of 50 100 m.
Sweep blast existing sound coating.
Where pipe spools been in service, a second blast clean is essential after the internal
examination/repairs to ensure all surface contamination is removed.
Blow dry with clean dry compressed air
Time
between
Coats
5 24 hours
Metal Temp. 10 C to 50C
Relative
Humidity
< 80%
Method Airless spray
Coat 1 Two pack, vinyl ester holding primer, buff colour 50 m DFT
Coat 2 Glass reinforced, vinyl ester, buff colour 500 m DFT
Coat 3 Glass reinforced, vinyl ester, buff colour 500 m DFT
Application
Coat 4 Glass reinforced vinyl ester, white colour.
2nd coat of glass flake, vinyl ester coating can be replaced with
modified vinyl ester coating containing silicon carbide for improved
abrasion resistance where fluids contain sand
500 m DFT
NOTES:
Primer to be optional.
Replacement coatings shall utilise the same coating type, from the same Manufacturer as the original coating. If
this cannot be achieved compatibility tests shall be carried out.
Vinyl ester coatings are suitable for immersion service up to temperatures of 105C.
Localised general wastage of internal surfaces shall be protected using a laminating resin reinforced with glass
roving as per the manufacturers recommendations.
Inter-coat and final coat spark testing shall be done using kV settings recommended by coating supplier.
For corrosive service flange faces are to be weld overlaid with an appropriate corrosion resistant alloy, as per
the material selection report and pipe class.
Flange faces are to be rebated as per the drawing in figure 1 in order that the coating can be carried from the
pipe bore out across the inner part of the flange face to prevent service attack of gasket seal face.
All internal welds are to be ground smooth where accessible. Inaccessible welds shall be inspected for
smoothness and freedom from weld spatter and slag
Accessible sharp edges to be coated shall be ground to a minimum radius of 1.5mm
After completion of internal coating, the external surfaces shall be blast cleaned and coated as per system 2.
Each internally coated spool shall be marked in black letters GLASS FLAKE LINED NO HOT WORK,
HANDLE WITH CARE.
All internally lined pipe spools shall be holiday detected in accordance with NACE RP0-188. Repairs shall be
done with the same materials as used for original lining. Only repaired areas should be re-holiday checked after
repairs. Do not recheck the lining that has already been checked and found to be holiday free. Consult the
vendor for proper surface preparation to repair areas.
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 24 of 3535 Revision 01
Each potential coating Contractor shall carry out a coating test prior to award of contract. Prior test results
would be reviewed if relevant. The test shall involve the following:
Two internal coatings shall be applied to fabricated pipe spools manufactured from any grade of steel of
nominal size 1.5 - 2 and 6 - 10. For the purpose of this exercise it would be acceptable to completely weld
the root and hot passes only. The spools shall incorporate a 90 long radius elbow welded to two pipes and
a flange at one end. The minimum length of the pipe sections shall be 2m.
The test spool shall be internally coated and inspected fully in accordance with this specification.
On completion of all coating stages the test spool should be sectioned longitudinally along the intrados and
extrados of the elbow and one side of the flange. Coating thickness checks shall be made at d/4 intervals
(where d = pipe diameter) along the cut edges at a magnification of 10 and the Holiday test shall be
repeated on all exposed surfaces.
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 25 of 3535 Revision 01
SYSTEM 12
Scope
INTERNAL SURFACES OF PIPEWORK STAINLESS STEEL, TITANIUM & NICKEL-ALLOY INSULATION
SPOOLS
Operating
Temperature
Rubber coating: -10C to 85C (standard system)/ 110C (special system).
Epoxy coating: -50 to 110C
Life > 5 years
Pre-Surface
Preparation
Degrease using high-pressure detergent wash followed by rinse with fresh water with maximum
chloride concentration of 30ppm.
Blow dry with clean dry compressed air.
Surface
Preparation
Blast clean using chloride-free aluminium oxide or silicon carbide grit to achieve a surface profile of
75-100 m.
Blow dry with compressed air
Metal
Temp.
10C to 50C
Relative
Humidity
< 50%
Time
between
Coats
6 48 hours (epoxy coating)
Method Rubber Lining (Seawater duty) Epoxy Lining (Hydrocarbon duty)
Coat 1 Copon KS16W 50 - 75 m DFT
Coat 2 Copon KS16W 50 - 75 m DFT
Coat 3 Copon KS16W 50 - 75 m DFT
Application
Coat 4
See below
Copon KS16W 50 - 75 m DFT
NOTES:
Rubber Coating
Spools are to be designed to contain no more than one bend/ elbow.
Internal flange weld roots must be ground flush and the flange/ bore edge radiused to 5.0 mm (equal to the
rubber coating thickness).
Spool dimensions must be adjusted to allow for 5.0 mm thick ebonite rubber to be applied to flange faces.
Seawater - 5.0 mm thick neoprene, Shore A Hardness 65 5.
Produced Water - 5.0 mm thick abrasion resistant natural rubber, Shore A Hardness 45 5. Maximum
operating temperature of this rubber is 85C. Higher operating temperatures necessitate use of neoprene which
does not have such good abrasion resistance.
Flange faces shall be lined with ebonite with a thickness of 5 mm and Shore D Hardness 70 5 This is
relatively incompressible and still requires that a suitable flat rubber gasket is used for rubber lined flange faces.
All rubber coatings shall be cured by applying the vulcanising process in a steam autoclave.
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 26 of 3535 Revision 01
Epoxy Lining
Each potential coating Contractor shall carry out a coating test prior to award of contract. Prior test results
would be reviewed if relevant. The test shall involve the following:
Two internal coatings shall be applied to fabricated pipe spools manufactured from any grade of steel of
nominal size 1.5 - 2 and 6 - 10. For the purpose of this exercise it would be acceptable to completely weld
the root and hot passes only. The spools shall incorporate a 90 long radius elbow welded to two pipes and
a flange at one end. The minimum length of the pipe sections shall be 2m.
The test spool shall be internally coated and inspected fully in accordance with this specification.
On completion of all coating stages the test spool should be sectioned longitudinally along the intrados and
extrados of the elbow and one side of the flange. Coating thickness checks shall be made at d/4 intervals
(where d = pipe diameter) along the cut edges at a magnification of 10 and the Holiday test shall be
repeated on all exposed surfaces.
Accelerated drying times can be achieved as follows:
Temperature, C Overcoating Time, Hours
15 24
20 16
25 12
30 8
35 6
Maximum time between coatings: 48 hours.
The completed coating shall be cured in accordance with the following guidelines prior to entry into service:
Temperature, C Curing Time, Days
20 7
32 4
The coating shall be brush applied to the inside of small diameter nozzles where spraying is impractical. It is
permissible to apply Copon KS16W by pouring successive coatings through spools if diameter/ configuration is
unsuitable for spray application.
Flange faces are to be rebated as per the drawing in figure 1 in order that the coating can be carried from the
pipe bore out across the inner part of the flange face. This procedure will prevent service attack of gasket seal
face.
The coating shall stop on the flange rebate.
All internally lined pipe spools shall be holiday detected in accordance with NACE RP0-188. Repairs shall be
done with the same materials as used for original lining. Only repaired areas should be re-holiday checked after
repairs. Do not recheck the lining that has already been checked and found to be holiday free. Consult the
vendor for proper surface preparation to repair areas.
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 27 of 3535 Revision 01
SYSTEM 13
Scope
INTERNAL SURFACES OF POTABLE WATER TANKS
Operating
Temperature
-10 to 50C
Life > 10 years
1 Degrease using high-pressure detergent wash, followed by fresh water rinse. Pre-Surface
Preparation
2 Blow dry with clean dry compressed air.
New Build Dry abrasive blast clean all areas to Sa 2.5 (SIS 05 5900) to achieve an angular
anchor profile of 50 75m.
Sweep blast existing sound coating
Surface
Preparation
Maintenance Dry abrasive blast clean all exposed and damaged areas to Sa 2.5 with a blast profile
of 50 m.
Sweep blast existing sound coating.
Where vessels have been in service, a second blast clean is essential after the
internal examination/repairs to ensure all surface contamination is removed.
Blow dry with clean dry compressed air
Time
between
Coats
5 24 hours
Metal Temp. 10 C to 50C
Relative
Humidity
< 85%
Method Heated airless spray
Application
Coat 1 Solvent free 100% solids epoxy coating that is approved by the
Drinking Water Inspectorate (DWI) or Norwegian Health Authority for
potable water
600 m DFT
NOTE
Spark test after minimum 24 hours curing using a kV setting recommended by coating manufacturer.
All internally lined vessels shall be holiday detected in accordance with NACE RP0-188. Repairs shall be done
with the same materials as used for original lining. Only repaired areas should be re-holiday checked after
repairs. Do not recheck the lining that has already been checked and found to be holiday free. Consult the
vendor for proper surface preparation to repair areas.
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 28 of 3535 Revision 01
11.0 PICKLING AND PASSIVATION
11.1 Base Material
All stainless steel base materials (316L, 22%Cr duplex, 25%Cr super duplex, 6%Mo, 17/4PH
etc.) require to be supplied in the pickled and passivated condition.
11.2 After Welding
Pickling and passivation of weld areas is required for the following duties:
11.2.1 Seawater (25%Cr super duplex, 6%Mo)
Internal surfaces.
11.2.2 Corrosive duty (including all process) (stainless steels, e.g. 316L, 22%Cr & 25%Cr duplex)
External surfaces that are not subsequently protected by coating.
11.2.3 Clean duty (e.g. nitrogen, air) (stainless steel 316L)
Not required.
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 29 of 3535 Revision 01
12.0 COLOUR SCHEDULE
12.1 General
Unless stated otherwise, British Standard colours referred to are to BS 4800-1989.
All equipment, pipework, valves flanges and fittings are to be painted throughout the entire length, including in
flange bolt holes in accordance with ground colour specified.
Working pressures and arrows indicating direction of flow should be shown on ground colour, preferably in black
(or white where contrast is required) near to junctions, valves and vessels.
12.2 Pipework Identification
Colour banding maybe by painting or by using a durable adhesive PVC tape, which must be suitable for external
weathering. The tape should be applied in accordance with manufacturers instructions. Banding shall be
applied at:
Bulkheads, deck and other penetrations, major changes of direction
Package and vessel termination points, pipe junctions
Positions such that banding sets are normally visible and no greater than 7m apart.
The primary colour (outside) banding shall be placed directly adjacent to and on each side of, the secondary
colour (inside) band. Width of bands shall be 150mm. A flow direction arrow in black shall be located on the
pipe downstream of the colour bands on pipe-work. Arrows shall be 150 - 200 mm long x 25mm wide at the
base of the band head and at the tail.
Stainless steel pipework and pipework coated with thermal spray aluminium shall have service indicated by
colour banding alone, unless otherwise specified.
Insulated piping shall have service indicated by colour banding alone over the cladding.
Colour banding shall be in accordance with the following table and if required with BS 1710:1984 and
amendment No 1-1989.
12.3 Piping System Colour Schedule
Piping shall be painted white in accordance with BS4800 00E55. For corrosion resistant alloys where protective
coating is not required, and for thermally sprayed aluminium surfaces, the material shall be left self-coloured.
All piping shall be identified by service using colour bands in accordance with table 1. These colours shall
normally be applied by coloured adhesive plastic tape markings rather than by painting, and such markings shall
as a minimum be placed at all bulkhead and deck penetrations, either side of every valve, at each tee or branch
connection. In order to avoid any requirement for separate marking of flow direction with arrows and for
individual service names, the colour marking tapes may incorporate flow arrows and service names if desired.
Service Name Outer Bands BS4800
Colour
Inner Bands (TO
BS1710 in bold)
BS4800 Colour
Instrument Air Light Blue 20 E 51
Plant Air Light Blue 20 E 51
Biocide Brown 06D43 Lettering - Biocide
Base Oil Brown 06 C 39 White 00 E 55
Chemical Additive Brown 06D43 Lettering - Chemical Additive
Glycol Brown 06 D 43
H.P. Cement Slurry Black 00 E 53 White 00 E 55
Corrosion Inhibitor Brown 06 E 50 (Lettering)
L.P. Cement Slurry Black 00 E 53 White 00 E 55
Methanol Violet 22 D 45
L.P. Cement Powder Black 00 E 53 White 00 E 55
Closed Drains Grey 10 A 11
Non-hazardous Open Drains Grey 10 A 11 Green 14 E 51
Hazardous Open Drains Grey 10 A 11 Yellow 08 E 51
Emulsion Breaker Brown 06 D 43 (Lettering)
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 30 of 3535 Revision 01
Service Name Outer Bands BS4800
Colour
Inner Bands (TO
BS1710 in bold)
BS4800 Colour
Firefighting Foam Black 00 E 53 Red 04 E 53
Fuel Gas Yellow 08 E 51 Lt. Orange BS 381c shade 557
Aviation Fuel Brown 06 C 39 Yellow BS 381c shade 309
Diesel Oil Brown 06 C 39 Grey 00 A 05
CO
2
Red 04 E 53
Halon Red 04 E 53
Inert Gas Light Blue 20 E 51 Black 00 E 53
Sodium Hypochlorite Brown 06 E 50 Lettering
H.P. Drilling Mud Black 00 E 53 Blue 20 E 51
Choke and Kill Fluids Black 00 E 53 Violet 22 C 37
L.P. Drilling Mud Black 00 E 53 Blue 18 E 53
L.P. Mud Additive Powders
(Baryte/Bentonite)
Black 00 E 53
Hydraulic Fluid (Oil Based) Brown 06 C 39 Black 00 E 53
Hydraulic Fluid (water based) Brown 06 D 43 Black 00 E 53
Lube Oil Brown 06 C 39 Pink 04 C 33
Seal Oil Brown 06 C 39 Yellow 08 C 35
Utility Oil Brown 06 C 39
Hydrocarbon Condensate Yellow 08 E 51 Brown 08 C 35
Hydrocarbon Gas Yellow 08 E 51 White 00 E 55
Cold Hydrocarbons Yellow 08 E 51 White 00 E 55
Scale Inhibitor Brown 06 D 43 (Lettering)
Atmospheric Vent Yellow 08 E 51 Silver Grey 10 A 03
Vacuum Light Blue 20 E 51 White 00 E 55
H.P. Flare Yellow 08 E 51 Grey 10 A 11
L.P. Flare Yellow 08 E 51 Grey 10 A 07
Vessel Trim Colour as vessel service
Seawater Green 14 E 51
Brine (Completion Fluid) Green 14 E 51 Green 12 C 39
Cooling Medium Green 14 E 51 White 00 E 55
Potable Water Green 14 E 51 Auxiliary Blue 18 E 53
Firewater Green 14 E 51 Red 04 E 53
Heating Medium Green 14 E 51 Brown 06 D 43
Flushing / Jet Water Yellow 08 E 51 Green 14 E 51
Drilling Water Green 14 E 51 Brown 06 C 39
Produced Water Yellow 08 E 51 Green 14 E 51
Service Water Green 14 E 51 Auxiliary Blue 18 E 53
BOP Test Water Green 14E51 Auxiliary Blue 18E53
Sewage Grey 10 A 11 Black 00 E 53
Exhaust Gas Thermal spray aluminium
Biocide Brown 06D43 Lettering - Biocide
pH Correction Brown 06D43 Lettering - pH Correction
Cuttings Injection (H.P.) Black 00 E 53
Cuttings Slurry (L.P.) Black 00 E 53
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 31 of 3535 Revision 01
12.4 Equipment and Structure Colour Schedule
Equipment and platform coating shall be in accordance with this Colour Schedule except
where subject to mandatory Government Regulations.
All colours shall conform to BS 4800-1989 (five reference characters) and BS 381c (three
reference characters).
All machinery should be accepted in vendor standard colours unless there is minimal cost
impact. Exceptions are mandatory safety items such as coupling guards, cranes etc. where
the specified colours are required.
Ground Colour Additional Colour Item/ Area
Colour BS
Shade
Markings Band BS
Shade
Topsides structure GREY 00A01
Splash zone to top of jacket As applied
(TSA)
N/A
Solid stairtreads and walkways DARK GREEN Jotun
137
Kickplates OFF WHITE 08B15
Internal non-slip surfaces DARK SEA
GREY
638
N/A
Runway beams YELLOW 08E51 Weight limit in
150 mm high
letters
BLACK
Temporary supports, sea
fastenings etc.
ORANGE 06E51
Installation bumpers GREEN 14E51
Installation guides (including
pins)
RED 04E53
N/A
Designated laydown areas YELLOW/
BLACK
Perimeter to be marked with 75mm yellow
Band. Inside area to be painted with
alternating black/ yellow diagonal stripes
500mm wide ters
STEELWORK
In-deck tanks Deck plate forming tank roof to be painted with diagonal 500mm wide
Red/White stripes. Perimeter of tank roof to be marked with a 755mm
white band broken at 3000mm intervals by the words XXX TANK
stencilled in white 100mm high lettering
Tanks WHITE 00E55 N/A TOWERS AND
VESSELS
CRUDE OIL AND
GAS PROCESSING
Towers, Vessels, Heat
Exchangers
WHITE 00E55 YELLOW 00E51
WELL XMAS TREES SILVER N/A
WELLHEAD CONTROL EQUIPMENT RED 539 N/A
WELL SUBSURFACE COMPLETION REPAIR OR SERVICE
EQUIPMENT
Manufacturer's
standard
colours
N/A
ELECTRICAL H.V. Switchgear;
L.V. Switchgear;
Electrical Panels/ Cubicles;
Distribution Boards;
Transformers;
L.V. Motors
LIGHT
ADMIRALTY
GREY
(Per supply
agreement)
697 N/A
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 32 of 3535 Revision 01
Ground Colour Additional Colour Item/ Area
Colour BS
Shade
Markings Band BS
Shade
INSTRUMENTATION Instruments, Regulators;
Instruments Panels;
Insts for Panel Mounting;
Mimic diagram panel;
Mosaic panel;
Instrument housings;
Instrument air or gas.
All equipment should be
accepted in vendor standard
colours unless there is minimal
cost impact. Exceptions are
mandatory safety items such as
coupling guards, cranes etc.
where the specified colours are
required.
EAU DE NIL 216 N/A
All machinery motors,
compressors etc.
BLUE 18E53
Machinery hand controls, gear
cases, couplings guards, caution
signals, moving equipment (such
as overhead cranes, etc.), chain
hoists, runway beams, etc.
YELLOW 08E51
MACHINERY
Pumps OFF WHITE 08B15
N/A
Emergency shower booths GREEN 14E53 Diagonal Lines WHITE 00E55
Fire Fighting Equipment RED 539 N/A
Dangerous material WHITE 00E55 Checks RED 539
Safe Materials WHITE 00E55 Checks GREEN 14E53
Protection Materials GREEN 14E53 N/A N/A N/A
Escape Routes- 1200mm wide
band to include 75mm
fluorescent edge marking
75mm Wide
Bands at
edges of
Escape Route
Photo-luminescent Paint
SAFETY
Emergency Exit Door Outlines/
Handles & Pushbars
DARK
GREEN
Jotun
137
50mm wide
strip around
doors
Exterior Paintwork of:
i) Plant House
ii) Ventilators
iii) Modules
OFF WHITE 08B15
Interior Paintwork of:
i) Control Rooms
ii) Modules
iii) Lavatories, etc.
OFF WHITE
(or to suit
architectural
features)
08B15
MISCELLANEOUS
Information Signs BLUE 18E53
N/A
Protective Coating
UOG-ENG-SPC-45-006 Page 33 of 3535 Revision 01
Ground Colour Additional Colour Item/ Area
Colour BS
Shade
Markings Band BS
Shade
General - Internal- External OFF WHITE 08B15 DOORS
(Carbon Steel only,
Stainless Steel
doors to be
unpainted)
Control Room - Internal-
External
RED 539
N/A
Helicopter Landing Identification Statutory
requirements
Communication Aerial Towers WHITE 00E55
Power units ORANGE 557
Hoists and davits ORANGE 557
Crown and travelling blocks ORANGE 557
Swivels RED 539
N/A
Crane Jibs and Gantries,
Derricks and Masts, Exhaust
Stacks
WHITE 00E55 Band Interval
to be scaled in
accordance
with height/
length of tower
jib so that a
min of 3 RED
bands are
clearly visible.
Bands not less
than 0.5m not
more than 6m
RED 539
Crane and Hoist Machinery
Housings
ORANGE 557
PLATFORM,
PRODUCTION WORK
AND CRANES,
HOISTS, MOBILE
WINCHES, DRILLING
AND PRODUCTIONN
SITES
Crane Driver Compartment RED 557
N/A
Protective Coating
Page 35 of 35
FIGURE 1 FLANGE REBATE FOR GLASS FLAKE EPOXY LINED VESSELS AND PIPEWORK
RF WN Flange
NOTE:
Bore
Rebate Depth (see note 1)
Rebate width = 1/3
of flange face width
Gasket
Coating
5 1 radius (typ)
1. Coating thickness required in the rebated area shall be as referenced in the
applicable table + 0mm / - 0.1mm
2. Rebate diameter shall be 10mm - 20mm greater than the diameter of the
inner sealing face of the gasket.
Corrosion Resistant
Overlay (alloy 625) to extend
20 mm into bore of flange
20 mm
Flange Face