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UNIT I: ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY

Definition, scope and importance of environment need for public awareness concept of an ecosystem structure and
function of an ecosystem producers, consumers and decomposers energy flow in the ecosystem ecological
succession food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and
function of the (a) forest ecosystem (b) grassland ecosystem (c) desert ecosystem (d) aquatic ecosystems (ponds,
streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) Introduction to biodiversity definition: genetic, species and ecosystem
diversity biogeographical classification of India value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social,
ethical, aesthetic and option values Biodiversity at global, national and local levels India as a mega-diversity nation
hot-spots of biodiversity threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts
endangered and endemic species of India conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and ex-situ conservation of
biodiversity.Field study of common plants, insects, birds Field study of simple ecosystems pond, river, hill slopes, etc.

Objective: To introduce the basics of environmental studies and ecosystems and biodiversity

Session
no
Topics to be covered Time
(min)
Ref Teaching
method
1 Definition, scope and importance of environment ,need for public
awareness
50 1,2 BB
2 Concept of an ecosystem 50 1,2,5 BB
3 Structure and function of an ecosystem ,producers, consumers
and decomposers
50 1,2,5 BB
4 Energy flow in the ecosystem ecological succession 50 1,2,5 BB
5 Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids 50 1,2,5 BB
6 Introduction, types, characteristic features,
structure and function of the forest ecosystem and grassland
ecosystem
50 1,2,4 BB
7 Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function
of the desert ecosystem and aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams,
lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)
50 1,2,4 BB
8

Introduction to biodiversity definition: genetic species and
ecosystem diversity
50 1,2,5 BB
9 Biogeographical classification of India value of biodiversity:
consumptive use, productive use
50 1,2,5 BB

10

Value of biodiversity: social, ethical, aesthetic and option values
Biodiversity at global, national and local levels
50 1,2,5

BB

11
India as a mega-diversity nation hot-spots of biodiversity 50 1,2,5 BB

12
Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-
wildlife conflicts
50 1,2,5 BB
13 Endangered and endemic species of India, Conservation of
biodiversity: In-situ and ex-situ, conservation of biodiversity
50 ------- BB
14 Revision 50 ------- BB



LESSON PLAN
LP GE 2021
LP Rev. No: 00
Date:26.06.2013
Page: 1 of 6

Sub Code & Name : GE 2021 ENVIRONMENTAL
SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Unit:I Branch: Common to CE, CS, IT & BT Semester :III



UNIT II ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
Definition causes, effects and control measures of: (a) Air pollution (b) Water pollution (c) Soil pollution (d) Marine
pollution (e) Noise pollution (f) Thermal pollution (g) Nuclear hazards soil waste management: causes, effects and
control measures of municipal solid wastes role of an individual in prevention of pollution pollution case studies
disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.
Field study of local polluted site Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural.

Objective: To make the student understand the environmental pollution and its causes, effects and control
measures.

Session
No
Topics covered Time(min) Ref Teaching
method
15 Definition causes, effects and control measures of air
pollution
50 1,2,6 BB
16 Causes, effects and control measures of Water pollution 50 1,2,6 BB
17 Causes, effects and control measures of Soil pollution 50 1,2 BB
18 Causes, effects and control measures of Noise pollution,
and Marine pollution
50 1,2 BB
19 Causes, effects and control measures of Thermal
pollution and Nuclear hazards
50 1,2 BB
20 Soil waste management: causes, effects and control
measures of municipal solid wastes
60 ---- -----
21 Role of an individual in prevention of pollution
pollution case studies
50 1,2 BB
22 Disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and
landslides
50 1,2,6 BB
23 Revision 50 ----



















LESSON PLAN
LP GE 2021
LP Rev. No: 00
Date:26.06.2013
Page: 2 of 6

Sub Code & Name : GE 2021 ENVIRONMENTAL
SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Unit:II Branch: Common to CE, CS, IT & BT Semester :III



UNIT III NATURAL RESOURCES
Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies- timber extraction, mining, dams and
their effects on forests and tribal people Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground
water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems Mineral resources: Use and
exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies Food resources:
World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture,
fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies Energy resources: Growing energy needs,
renewable and non renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources. case studies Land resources:
Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification role of an
individual in conservation of natural resources Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.
Field study of local area to document environmental assets river / forest / grassland / hill / mountain.

Objective: To give a comprehensive insight in to natural resources.

Session
No
Topics covered Time(min) Ref Teaching
method
24 Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case
studies- timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on
forests and tribal people
50 1,2,3 BB
25 Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground
water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and
problems
50 1,2,3 BB
26 Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects
of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies
50 1,2,3 BB
27 Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by
agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture,
fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies
50 1,2,3 BB
28 Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non
renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources. case
studies
50 ---- BB
29 Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides,
soil erosion and desertification
50 1,2,4 BB
30 Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources 50 1,2,4 BB
31 Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles 50 1,2,3 BB
32 Revision 50 ---- BB











LESSON PLAN
LP GE 2021
LP Rev. No: 00
Date: 26.06.2013
Page: 3 of 6

Sub Code & Name : GE 2021 ENVIRONMENTAL
SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Unit:III Branch: Common to CE, CS, IT & BT Semester :III



UNIT IV SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT
From unsustainable to sustainable development urban problems related to energy water conservation,
rain water harvesting, watershed management resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and
concerns, case studies role of nongovernmental organization- environmental ethics: Issues and possible
solutions climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and
holocaust, case studies. wasteland reclamation consumerism and waste products environment
production act Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) act Water (Prevention and control of Pollution)
act Wildlife protection act Forest conservation act enforcement machinery involved in environmental
legislation- central and state pollution control boards- Public awareness.

Objective: To impart knowledge on the environmental related issues.

Session
No
Topics covered Time(min) Ref Teaching
method
33 From unsustainable to sustainable development. urban
problems related to energy, water conservation, rain water
harvesting, watershed management
50 1,2,4 BB
34 Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and
concerns, case studies. Role of nongovernmental
organization. Environmental ethics: Issues and possible
solutions

50 1,2,4 BB
35 Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer
depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust, case studies
50 1,2,4 BB
36 Wasteland reclamation consumerism and waste products
environment production ac
50 1,2,4 BB
37 Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) act Water
(Prevention and control of Pollution)
50 1,2,4 BB
38 Wildlife protection act Forest conservation act
enforcement machinery involved in environmental
legislation- central and state pollution control boards- Public
awareness.

50 1,2,4 BB
39 Revision 50 ---- BB
40 CAT











LESSON PLAN
LP GE 2021
LP Rev. No: 00
Date: 26.06.2013
Page: 4 of 6

Sub Code & Name : GE 2021 ENVIRONMENTAL
SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Unit:IV Branch: Common to CE, CS, IT & BT Semester :III




UNIT V HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Population growth, variation among nations population explosion family welfare programme
environment and human health human rights value education HIV / AIDS women and child welfare
role of information technology in environment and human health Case studies.

Objective: To have the knowledge on Environmental Management and various pollution acts.

Session No Topics covered Time(min) Ref Teaching
method
41 Population growth, variation among nations,
population explosion, family welfare programme
50 1,2,3 BB
42 Environment and human health. Human rights 50 1,2,3 BB
43 Value education. HIV /AIDS. Women and child
welfare
50 1,2,3 BB
44 Role of information technology in environment
and human health Case studies
50 1,2,3 BB
45 Revision 50 1,2,3 BB

























LESSON PLAN
LP GE 2021
LP Rev. No: 00
Date: 26.06.2013
Page: 5 of 6

Sub Code & Name : GE 2021 ENVIRONMENTAL
SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Unit:V Branch: Common to CE, CS, IT & BT Semester :III




COURSE DELIVERY PLAN:


WEEK
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UNITS





TEXT BOOKS
1. Gilbert M.Masters, Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science, 2
nd
edition, Pearson
Education (2004).
2. Miller T.G.Jr., Environmental Science, Wadsworth Publishing Co.,

REFERENCES
1.Bharucha Erach, The Biodiversity of India, Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad India.
2. R.K. Trivedi, Handbook of Environmental Laws, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and
Standards, Vol. I and II, Enviro Media.
3. Cunningham, W.P. Cooper, T.H. Gorhani, Environmental Encyclopedia, Jaico Publ.,House,
Mumbai, 2001.
4. Wager K.D. Environmental Management,W.B.Saunders Co., Philadelphia.
5. Townsend C., Harper J and Michael Begon, Essentials of Ecology, Blackwell Science.
6. Trivedi R.K.and P.K.Goel, Introduction to Air Pollution, Techno-Science Publications.


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