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Product
Quality
Planning
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
Information for suppliers
APQP information for suppliers
2
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
Contents
1 - What is APQP and its benefits ?
2 - When to start and how to share APQP planning and status with Volvo ?
3 - Where to find APQP information / templates ?
4 - What are the Volvo APQP specifics ?
5 - Conclusion: what to keep in mind
1 - What is APQP and its benefits?
APQP information for suppliers
4
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
APQP Definition and Objective according
to AIAG
Definition
APQP is a guideline designed to produce a product quality plan
which will support the development of a product or service that
will satisfy the customer
Objective
To facilitate communication with everyone involved to assure
that all required steps are completed on time.
APQP information for suppliers
5
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
Advanced Product Quality Planning
is suppliers planning
in compliance with AIAG reference manual
It is a VOLVO
requirement (incl.
RTS, PAA, PHR) as
specified in SQAM
Pre-requisite: supplier is trained to APQP
according to AIAG reference and its own
development process is in compliance with it
APQP information for suppliers
6
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
What does APQP mean for Volvo?
Supplier APQP team is responsible for performing the APQP and report to
Volvo team during the APQP review meetings, using the APQP review
check-list
A very detailed supplier timing chart synchronised with Volvo project milestones
A very detailed APQP check-list review aiming to identify and manage risks
A management by project phases (not by activity as it was done in the past)
A regular Volvo-supplier APQP follow-up meeting with formal reviews prior to
VOLVO releases
Additional 3 Volvo specific best practices (RTS, PAA, PHR)
A robust way of working cross-functionally between Volvo and supplier aiming to
deliver a project at contracted QDCF
APQP information for suppliers
7
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
APQP is supplier's planning that integrates VOLVO
inputs, constraints and deliverables and is synchronized
with VOLVO project milestones
Examples of Volvo inputs:
Technical requirements
Time plan: part release dates, PPAP date, SP date
Prototype requirements
Verification and validations performed by Volvo
.
APQP simplified
process flow
APQP information for suppliers
8
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
Volvo Objective for
APQP
Have suppliers develop a relevant
plan for new part launch
Plan for
activities
Volvo - supplier interactions
Deliver to the plan
Successful activities on time !
APQP information for suppliers
9
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
Benefits of APQP
Secures supplier project management is in place
Ensures early planning takes place
Establishes pro-active communication on both
Volvo and supplier side
Identifies required changes early in the process in
order to mitigate risks and to reduce need for late
design and process changes
Provides quality product on time and at lower cost
Improves PPAP approved on time
Reduces PPM levels at SOP
Reduces field failures
Stronger &earlier suppliers involvement in Projects
0
100
Supplier involvement
Room for Manoeuvre
IG VG CSG DG FDCG IG PPG EG
Depl oyment
Concept
Study
Detai led
Dvlpt
Final
Dvlpt
Industri ali -
zation
Pre-study
CG FG LG RG
QDCF
CSG
DG FDCG IG PPG EG
Depl oyment
Concept
Study
Detail ed
Dvl pt
Fi nal
Dvl pt
Industrialization Pre-study
CG FG LG RG
Industrial launch Costs
Time
IG VG
Advanced Quality in Projects
2 - When to start and how to share APQP
planning and status with Volvo ?
APQP information for suppliers
11
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
Suppliers should provide the first APQP planning
with their answer to the Request for Quotation
10.4 Advanced Product Quality
Planning
()
The supplier is requested to build its
Plan of Product Realization according to
the AIAG APQP Manual.
()
The supplier is requested to submit with
its proposal a preliminary APQP
plan
Request For Quotation
APQP information for suppliers
12
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
How to match with Volvo GDP? Development supplier
SQE coordinates
completion of
VOLVO APQP
activities with the
Project Team
Supplier performs
APQP activities under
its responsibility
Supplier
Product
Design
Supplier
Process
Design
Supplier
Process
Development
Supplier
Product &
Process
Validation
APQP
KICK-OFF
review
APQP
PRODUCT DESIGN
review
APQP
PROCESS DEVELOPMENT
review
APQP
LAUNCH
review
APQP
INDUSTRIALIZATION
review
Concept Study Detailed development Final development Industrialization
DG FDCG IG PPG RG
A
Release
B
Release
C
Release
P
Release
Supplier
selected
PPAP
Approved
Vol vo
PPAP
amendment
VOLVO Project team performs
APQP activities under its
responsibility and consult Supplier
APQP deliverables
Vol vo
PPAP
order
APQP information for suppliers
13
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
How to match with Volvo GDP ? Production supplier
SQE coordinates
completion of
VOLVO APQP
activities with the
Project Team
Supplier performs
APQP activities under
its responsibility
Supplier
Process
Design
Supplier
Process
Development
Supplier
Product &
Process
Validation
Supplier
selected
APQP
KICK-OFF
review
APQP
PROCESS DEVELOPMENT
review
APQP
LAUNCH
review
APQP
INDUSTRIALIZATION
review
Concept Study Detailed development Final development Industrialization
DG FDCG IG PPG RG
A
Release
B
Release
C
Release
P
Release
PPAP
Approved
Vol vo
PPAP
amendment
VOLVO Project team performs
APQP activities under its
responsibility and consult Supplier
APQP deliverables
Vol vo
PPAP
order
APQP information for suppliers
14
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
APQP planning: bad example
Updated:
2012
J an Feb Mar Apr May J un J ul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec J an Febr Mar Apr May J un J ul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec J an Febr Mar Apr May J un J ul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec J an
Projekt milestones
V3P APQP
Product Milesones
Process Checkpoints
Verification PPAP
P-drawing
MRD Blanks 10w28
MRD 10w36
Production 10w38
PSW 10w42
Allocatition request
Hub equipm Mfg
Personell BC
Logistic system Updating communication system
Material Handling
2011
Ref.V3P APQP
Plan Issue 1 date 10/8-09
2009
Project Plan
2010
03/11/09
P#3
10w24
09w38
P#2
11w48
P#4
SoP
11w35
Packaging
10w47
PS
W
10w43
SPR
10w34
1 ST
10w25
IR
09w38
PDR
09w26
KO
09w26
P#0
Manufacturing & Install Orders
<C-rel>
09w40
<P-rel>
10w34
Legend:
KO =APQP Kick-off
PDR =Product Design Review
PDR =Process Design Review
IR =Industrialization Review
1 ST =1:st part from Serial
SPR =Significant Production Run
LR = Launch Review
Training
LR
11w27
RFQ
Design
P
S
Significant prod. Run
10w42
APQP information for suppliers
15
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
APQP planning: good example
PROJECT PLAN
P155x project
V3P Gates
Suppli er Gates OK to...
APQP Gates
Stand: 08.12.2009
NG17 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
APQP Plan&ReviewStatus W
Training W
Design Reviews W
RTS W
Design &Process Changes &Traceability) W
Definitionof Packaging W/ V3P
Reduce Variation W
APQP Feedback / Lessons Learned W
Design phase Due Date
Design, FEMAnalysis w1004 W
Tier 2 Management - PreliminarySupplier list w0947 W
Special characteristics - Preliminarylist w0947 W
DFMA Workshop w0947 W
PreliminaryPVR w0949 W
APQP Kick-Off Review w0949 W/ V3P
B-sample phase
V3P input (Customer input) w1003 V3P
Product reliabilitystudies &qualitygoals w1005 W
Product Assurance Plan w1005 W
Investment andcapacityplan (BC-Pear update for B-review) w1005 W
Tier 2 Management - Supplier nomination and APQP launch w1005 W
Special characteristics - Product list w1005 W
DFMEA w1105 W/ V3P
DFMA Review w1004 W
Prepare B-sample drawings (Brake assembly) w1004 W
Engineering &Material Specifications w1004 W
OK to B-sample Brake Hardware w1006 W
APQP Product Design Review w1008 W/ V3P
B-sample drawings to V3P w1009 W
B-sample release at V3P w1012 V3P
Lead time sample parts w1025 W
B-sample control plan w1015 W
Preliminaryplanning for Process capabilitystudy w1015 W
Create B-sample PVR w1020 W
Delivery2sets B-sample to V3P w1028 W 4
Release test for vehicle test and assemblyof sample brakes w1042 W
OK haulage / Delivery3 sets for VI testing (ST1) w1043 W/ V3P 6
Continue Tests following test plan w1051 W
Vehicle test WT1 V3P
Delivery5sets for VI testing (ST1, WT2) w1108 W 10
Vehicle test ST1 V3P
Vehicle test WT2 V3P
Design-Reviewand adaptation w1050 W
C-sample phase
V3P input (Customer input) w1050 V3P
Update Engineering &Material Specifications w1050 W
DFMA Review w1101 W
PFMEA w1101 W
Investment andcapacityplan (BC-Pear update for "Tool"-review) w1101 W
Tier 2 Management - APQP update w1101 W
Special characteristics - Product and process list w1101 W
Plan Measurement systemand checking aids w1101 W
APQP Process DesignReview w1101 W/ V3P
Prepare C-sample drawings (Brake assembly) w1105 W
OK to Tool (C-Sample) w1106 W
Plan PHR (pre-PHR) w1108 W/ V3P
C-sample drawings to V3P w1120 W
C-sample release at V3P w1123 V3P
Lead time tooling and sample parts w1127 W
C-sample control plan w1120 W
Planning for Process capabilitystudy w1120 W
Create C-sample PVR w1122 W
Delivery2sets B-sample to V3P w1131 W 4
Tests following test plan w1207 W
OK haulage / Delivery10sets for VI testing (ST2) w1208 W/ V3P 20
Vehicle test ST2 V3P
Update Process FlowChart w1122 W
Create method sheets and process instructions w1204 W
Update PFMEA w1204 W
Process installation w1204 W
Update Process FlowChart w1204 W
Process Validation
Investment andcapacityplan (BC-Pear update for "Process"-review) w1208 W
Tier 2 Management - PPAP and Run@rate w1208 W
Special characteristics - Matrix w1208 W
Finalize engineeringdrawings and models w1208 W
Validate measurement systemandchecking aids w1208 W
Pre-Launchcontrol plan w1208 W
OK to process validate w1209 W
PAA w1235 W/ V3P
Run @ rate (50pcs) w1222 W
APQP Industrialization Review w1230 W/ V3P
Operator Training, Production trials w1232 W
Packaging Validation w1238 W
Production Control plan w1232 W
Performpreliminaryprocess capabilitystudy w1232 W
Production Validation testing w1238 W
Customer PPAP w1235 W
Process Audit / PPAP-sample production / Capacityverification Run w1234 W/ V3P
PSW sign-off V3P w1238 V3P
Investment andcapacityplan (BC-Pear update for "Deliver"-review) w1240 W
OK to Deliver w1242 W
First assemblyaxle plant w1307 V3P
First assemblyseries truck w1309 V3P
PHR w1309 W/ V3P
Update Production Control plan w1320 W
APQP Launch review w1320 W/ V3P
Investment andcapacityplan (Monitor BC-PEAR) w1344 W
SOP supplier / ramp-up w1327 W
SOP axle plant w1334 V3P
SOP truck plant w1336 V3P
2013 2009 2010 2011 2012
CG DG FDCG IG PPG LG SOP
B-Sample Tool (CS)
Process
Val idati on
Del iver
Kick-Off Desi gn
Process Industri alization Launch
APQP information for suppliers
16
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
APQP review: the way to share APQP with
Volvo
OBJECTIVES
Detects any deviation,
assesses the risks and
assigns actions
Gives visibility of the
progress to Volvo and
supplier teams
Escalate the roadblocks
to project management /
line organization for
decision or action
DEFINITION
A formal meeting where Volvo
reviews supplier's APQP plan.
Volvo and supplier check that
the project at component level
is on track with respect to
deadlines and results.
ATTENDEES
Expected attendees :
SQE
Development (SIPD
leader, design engineer)
Buyer
Manufacturing, Logistic,
Geometry, Laboratory
Supplier team (project
leader, engineering, quality,
sales, manufacturing,
methods)
APQP information for suppliers
17
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
APQP reviews - Who Does What
SQE
Design
engineer
Buyer
Organizes the APQP reviews for
Key Components
Makes sure that all PROCESS
design, verifications & validations
activities are integrated/completed :
timing and results
Ensures that the overall supplier
APQP plan is complete and
matches project milestones
Participates in APQP reviews for Key Components
Ensures that all PRODUCT design , verifications & validations activities are integrated/completed: timing and results
Participates in APQP reviews for
key components
Ensures APQP activities under
his responsibility are
integrated/completed:
timing and results
Supplier
project team
updates its
APQP plan and
evaluate the
project status:
Timing &
Results
APQP information for suppliers
18
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
APQP review reporting file
APQP review reporting file is owned by the supplier
and totally shared with Volvo
Contains
contact directory
co-signed time-plan
1 check-list of questions per review
1 cover page for the summary. Project status and risks
APQP information for suppliers
19
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
APQP review reporting file instruction
APQP information for suppliers
20
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
APQP review reporting file: bad example
Brand:
Model / Program:
Next GDP Milestone:
ReviewDate:
pilot part referenPN issue 2
task # Expectations
Issues
/
Comm
ents /
Risks
GYR
Does recovery
plan secure APQP
plan ?
Corrective Actions / Resolution Plan
Volvo's
Responsible
Supplier' s
Responsible
Open
Date
Due Date
Close
Date
Completion 20% 40% 60% 80%
90%-
100%
Risk Level
1 APQP REVIEWS & MANAGEMENT SUPPORT R Risk waiting 10
Has the contact directorybeen completedandsignedwith VOLVO &Supplier stakeholders fromall
functions ?
G 0
Are major issues andactions are documented in APQP Issue list? (To be filled in at the end of
the review)
G 0
Is there anymajor APQP roadblock that will create an uncontainable risk nowor in the foreseeable
future ? (To be filled in at the end of the review)
R No See Redbelow. 100
Are all APQP reviews plannedandmatch Components milestones. G 0
Are there sufficient personnel identified to cover all APQP activities (e.g. engineeringtestings,
Control plan requirements, problemsolving,)
G 0
2 APQP PLAN & TIMING CHART Y OK waiting 3
Have the main project milestones been communicated to the supplier ? (drawingrelease/ Prototype
builds/toolingrelease/PPAP/ SOP)
G Yes 0
Has this resultedin a returnedfeasible andconfirmedtime plan fromthe supplier ? G Yes To be sent to 3P P.J ohansson w927 w929 W934 0
If critical path needs specific resolution has the action plan been defined. G Yes To be sent to 3P P.J ohansson w927 w929 W934 0
Is the cosignedtimeplan approved? G Yes To be sent to 3P P.J ohansson w927 w929 W934 0
Does the timeplan include (non exhaustive list): product design, process design, tooling/equipement
development and up to run off, DVP, product/process validation, supplier chain andshipment,
prototype, tier 2plan ?
Y Yes
Sub-supplier PPAP deliverydate not
confirmeddue to outstandingsourcing.
Tony
J ohansson
w927 W935 5
3 CUSTOMER INPUTS Y OK waiting 1
Development Supplier NA 0
Has supplier got fromVolvo the latest version of the Technical Requirements and/or functionnal
Specifications ?
NA 0
Are Interfaces in the full environment given byVolvo ? (First Space Envelope, PackagingModule) NA 0
Non Development Supplier NA 0
Are the PVR andrelateddocuments available at the latest issue ? G Yes PVR anddrawings to be sent Ingemar Dagh w927 w934 w934 0
All concerned : NA 0
Are technical specifications relevant accordingto the design goals basedon supplier knowhow? G 0
Does the supplier understandall the applications andintendedend uses of the part/ marterial for all
customers? IncludedPart functionnality?
G 0
is the supplier compliant to our Keyelement Procedures Y Yes SQAMto be commented
Tony
J ohansson
T.Larsson 1
Does the supplier have andunderstandISO/ TS 16949, FMEA manual, SPC Manual, Measurement
Systems Analysis Manual , PPAP Manual , APQP andControl plan Manual ?
G 0
Has the supplier taken acknowledgement of VOLVO APQP instruction, andToolboxes, has he
understoodVOLVO expecatations ?
G 0
has the supplier taken acknowledgement of all the necessaryVOLVO's corporate standards G 0
Are National andInternational Core Standards available at Supplier (list to be submitted with the
RTS compliance matrix)
G 0
4 MARKETING STRATEGY NA OK 0
Non Applicable at this stage NA 0
5 BENCHMARK DATA G OK waiting 0
Has similar products lessons learnedbeen consideredto answer to RFQ ? G 0
Has similar processes lessons learned been considered to answer to RFQ (in termof technologies,
best practices inlean, reliability )?
G 0
6
PRODUCT RELIABILITY STUDIES
& QUALITY RELIABILITY GOALS
R Risk
waiting
6,7
Is qualitypast experience (customer andinternal PPM, field failures,campaigns, process
capabilities) have been taken into account for settingupqualityandreliabilitytargets ?
Y No
Internal traceabilityof process data 1:st
report week m36, traceabilityto be presented
Niklas Fallgren w927 50
- According to supplier experience? Y No Internal traceabilityof process data Niklas Fallgren w927 50
-Accordingto Volvo's experience? Y No Internal traceabilityof process data Niklas Fallgren w927 10
Have historical campaign and warrantydata been reviewed? NA 0
Have solutions been shared to avoidreccurence? G 0
Have APQP feedback andlessons learnedbeen taken into account ? G 0
Has a PPM agreement been signed? R No No agreemnet signed reg PPMlevel
Tony
J ohansson
T.Larsson w927 w935 50
Are PPMat VOLVO expectedlevel, andcan this level be justified? R No No agreemnet signed reg PPMlevel
Tony
J ohansson
T.Larsson w927 w935 10
Are a Fieldfailure frequencyat VOLVO expectedresult? Can this level be justified? G 0
7 PRODUCT ASSURANCE PLAN Y OK waiting 1
Is the assistance of the customers qualityassurance or product engineeringactivityneededto
developor concur to the control plan?
Y Yes
Data fromCustomer req. PTC's. Visit
customer (axle plants) when prototype builts
are delivered.
Tony
J ohansson
Pr J ohansson w927 1
Has the supplier identified who will assure qualityinterface with the customer? G 0
Has the supplier identified who will asssure qualityinterface with tier2suppliers? G 0
Has the supplier the abilityto buildthe PAP that links its QualityManagement Systemelements and
Volvo APQP documents ?
G 0
APQP Review : Kick Off Meeting
Volvo's Participants:
XXX
Supplier's Participant:
XXX
Volvo
P2685
20/08/2009
20/08/2009
Risk level not
assessed
Very limited
corrective
action plan
APQP plan
not secured
APQP information for suppliers
21
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
APQP review reporting file: good example
Brand:
Model / Program:
Next GDP Milestone:
ReviewDate:
task # Expectations Issues / Comments / Risks GYR
Does recovery
plan secure APQP
plan ?
Corrective Actions / Resolution Plan
Volvo's
Responsible
Supplier's
Responsible
Open
Date
Due Date
Close
Date
Completion 20% 40% 60% 80%
90%-
100%
Deviations
Initial Risk
levels
(1,5,10)
Does recovery plan
secure APQP plan
?
(1,5,10)
Risk Level
1 APQP REVIEWS & MANAGEMENT SUPPORT G OK 100% 0 0 0 0
Has the contact directorybeen completedand
signed with VOLVO &Supplier stakeholders fromall
functions ?
G Yes
Kick off meetingto be scheduled with Volvo
Volvo need to fill the Contact Directory
J D Bonnet F.Paviot W917 W917 W917
100%
5 0 0
Are major issues and actions are documented in
APQP Issue list? (To be filled in at the end of the
review)
other action list used to fllowthe projet G Yes Kick off meetingto be scheduled with Volvo J DBonnet F.Paviot W917 W917
100%
5 0 0
Is there anymajor APQP roadblock that will create
an uncontainable risk nowor in the foreseeable
future ? (To be filled in at the end of the review)
NA
NA
10 0 0
Are all APQP reviews plannedand match
Components milestones.
G Yes Kick off meetingto be scheduled with Volvo J DBonnet F.Paviot W917 W916
100%
5 0 0
Are there sufficient personnel identified to cover all
APQP activities (e.g. engineering testings, Control
plan requirements, problemsolving ,)
Risk that nobodyworks on some topics G Yes Volvo need to fill the Contact Directory J DBonnet W917 W917 W917
100%
1 0 0
2 APQP PLAN & TIMING CHART G OK 100% 0 0 0 0
Have the main project milestones been
communicated to the supplier ? (drawing release/
Prototype builds/toolingrelease/PPAP/ SOP)
Risk of delay G Yes
To be communicated before the kick off
meeting
J DBonnet W916 W916
100%
10 0 0
Has this resulted in a returned feasible and
confirmed time plan fromthe supplier ?
G Yes To be done before the kick off meeting G.Gallet W917 W916
100%
5 0 0
If critical path needs specific resolution has the
action plan been defined.
G Yes Schedule to be updated F.Paviot W917 W917
100%
5 0 0
Is the cosignedtimeplan approved ? Risk of delay G Yes
Time schedule to be cosignedduring the kick
off meeting
TeamVolvo TeamMartek W917
100%
5 0 0
Does the timeplan include (non exhaustive list):
product design, process design, tooling/equipement
development and up to run off, DVP,
product/process validation, supplier chain and
shipment, prototype, tier 2plan ?
Need some information regarding the number of samples
to be shipped fromMartek
G Yes
Samples shipment to be givento Martek
before the kick off meeting
J DBonnet W916 W916
100%
5 0 0
3 CUSTOMER INPUTS Y OK 91% 1 1 1 1
Development Supplier NA NA 0 0
Has supplier got fromVolvo the latest versionof the
Technical Requirements and/or functionnal
Specifications ?
G Yes Last TR Version sent to Martek in week 915 J DBonnet W915
100%
5 0 0
Are Interfaces in the full environment given byVolvo
? (First Space Envelope, Packaging Module)
No 3D =risk of mechanical collision between Converter
and his environment
G Yes
3DModell to be provided fromV3P
14/04/09 : closed environnement given to
Martek
J DBonnet W916 W916
100%
1 0 0
Non Development Supplier NA NA 0 0
Are the PVR and related documents available at the
latest issue ?
Part version report ( PVR) NA
NA
1 0 0
All concerned : NA NA 0 0
NM: delete as redundant with RTS (check with
Hayat) Are technical specifications relevant
according to the design goals based on supplier
knowhow?
G Yes
Last Technical specification to be validated
fromMartek
G.Gallet W916 W920
100%
1 0 0
Does the supplier understand all the applications
and intended end uses of the part/ marterial for all
customers? IncludedPart functionnality?
Application well known. Martek delivers the current
converter
G Yes Martek Team W916
100%
1 0 0
is the supplier compliant to our Keyelement
Procedures
Y Yes Keyelment procedures to be signed Martek Team W950
20%
1 1 1
Does the supplier have and understand ISO/ TS
16949, FMEA manual, SPC Manual, Measurement
Systems Analysis Manual , PPAP Manual , APQP
andControl plan Manual ?
G Yes W916
100%
1 0 0
Has the supplier taken acknowledgement of VOLVO
APQP instruction, and Toolboxes, has he
understoodVOLVO expecatations ?
G Yes
Rules used byMartek are not the last
version (FMEA / PFMEA)
W916
100%
1 0 0
has the supplier taken acknowledgement of all the
necessaryVOLVO's corporate standards
Development risk G Yes
Most common Volvo standards are
available @Martek.
List of Volvo standards to be checked
M.Vivert W916
100%
5 0 0
Are National and International Core Standards
available at Supplier (list to be submittedwith the
RTS compliance matrix)
Development risk G Yes
Most common standards are available @
Martek. If standards are not available, they
couldbe ordered
M.Vivert W916
100%
1 0 0
4 MARKETING STRATEGY NA OK 0 0 0 0
Non Applicable at this stage NA 1 0 0
5 BENCHMARK DATA G OK 100% 0 0 0 0
Has similar products lessons learnedbeen
considered to answer to RFQ ?
Developped schematic used on this project G Yes W916
100%
5 0 0
Has similar processes lessons learned been
considered to answer to RFQ (in termof
technologies, best practices in lean, reliability )?
Current 20A Converter & new developped technologies
have been taken in account
G Yes W916
100%
5 0 0
6
PRODUCT RELIABILITY STUDIES
& QUALITY RELIABILITY GOALS
Y OK
93%
1 1 1 1
Is qualitypast experience (customer andinternal
PPM, field failures,campaigns, process capabilities)
have been taken into account for settingup quality
and reliabilitytargets ?
Current Volvo delivered product --> schematic has been
simplified
100%SMDprocess
G Yes W916
100%
5 0 0
- According to supplier experience?
Current Volvo delivered product --> schematic has been
simplified
100%SMDprocess
G Yes W916
100%
5 0 0
-According to Volvo's experience? Agreed with Martek Power proposal G Yes W9116 100% 1 0 0
APQP Review : Kick Off Meeting
Volvo's Participants:
XXX
Supplier's Participant:
XXX
XXX
XXX
XXX
XXX
3 Where to find APQP information
and Volvo templates / guidelines
APQP information for suppliers
23
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
Information, guidelines and templates
APQP manual from AIAG
http://www.aiag.org
APQP in Volvo supplier portal
APQP guideline for suppliers
APQP review file
Generic APQP time plan
APQP responsibility matrix
Supplier Quality Assurance Manual
4 - What are Volvo APQP specifics
(best practices)
APQP information for suppliers
25
Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
RTS - Review of Technical Specification
OBJECTIVES
Make sure the supplier
understands early
enough all the technical
specifications of the
components to be supplied
to Volvo
Supplier agrees on the
feasibility of these
specifications.
DEFINITION
A documented review of
technical specifications.
Technical specifications,
includes all the documentation
needed to specify and verify a
product (part version report or
PVR, drawings, digital models,
technical requirements or TR,
standards, etc).
ATTENDEES
Expected attendees :
Design engineer
SQE
Buyer
Supplier team
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Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
PAA - Product Application Agreement
OBJECTIVES
The PAA ensures the
supplier agrees (by written
approval) that the product
he has designed will be
compatible with
environment constraints
when installed and used in
all of the application
environments defined by
Volvo.
DEFINITION
The Product Application
Agreement (PAA) is a signed
agreement between Volvo and
a supplier.
ATTENDEES
Expected attendees :
Design engineer
Supplier team
Buyer
Temperature
Vibration
Humidity
Electromagnetic
compatibility
Proximity of
other parts
And more...
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Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
PHR - Part Handling Review
OBJECTIVES
The PHR ensures the
supplier agrees (by written
approval) on the
INDUSTRIAL
ENVIRONMENT &
PROCESS with which the
part he delivers is
assembled on
Trucks/Powertrain units.
DEFINITION
The Part Handling Review
(PHR) is a signed agreement
between Volvo and a supplier.
Physical visits to all VOLVO
plant areas shall be conducted
for PHR
ATTENDEES
Expected attendees :
Volvo Manufacturing team
Supplier team
SQE
Buyer
Parts
Delivery
(Inbound
logistic)
Truck /
Powertrain unit
delivery area
Storage
Assembly process Tests
Tooling
And more... Handling Cleanliness
Rework
5 Conclusion: what to keep in mind
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Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
APQP What to keep in mind ?
APQP is owned by supplier and reported to Volvo,
using the APQP review file
APQP plan takes into account the VOLVO constraints
Supplier provides his first APQP plan with the answer to the Request
for Quotation
It is reviewed at least at each APQP review meeting
APQP should contain enough details to be understandable
Critical path and risk areas should be identified
The plan must drive actions
There will be problem: they must be fixed or escalated
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Volvo 3P
APQP APQP
Glossary
APQP: Advanced Product Quality Planning
DFMEA: Design Failure Mode and Effect Analysis
DVP&R: Design Validation Plan and Report
GDP: Global Development Process
GPS: Global Purchasing System
MSA: Measurement System Analysis
PAA: Product Application Agreement
PFMEA: Process Failure Mode and Effect Analysis
PHR: Part Handling review
PPAP: Production Part Approval Process
QDCF: Quality Delivery Cost Features
RFQ: Request For Quotation
RTS Review of Technical Specification
SQE: Supplier Quality Engineer