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CA3059, CA3079
Zero-Voltage Switches for 50Hz-60Hz and
400Hz Thyristor Control Applications
Description
The CA3059 and CA3079 zero-voltage switches are mono-
lithic silicon integrated circuits designed to control a thyristor
in a variety of AC power switching applications for AC input
voltages of 24V, 120V, 208/230V, and 277V at 50Hz-60Hz
and 400Hz. Each of the zero-voltage switches incorporates
4 functional blocks (see the Functional Block Diagram) as
follows:
1. Limiter-Power Supply - Permits operation directly from an
AC line.
2. Differential On/Off Sensing Amplifier - Tests the condition
of external sensors or command signals. Hysteresis or
proportional-control capability may easily be implement-
ed in this section.
3. Zero-Crossing Detector - Synchronizes the output pulses
of the circuit at the time when the AC cycle is at zero volt-
age point; thereby eliminating radio-frequency interfer-
ence (RFI) when used with resistive loads.
4. Triac Gating Circuit - Provides high-current pulses to the
gate of the power controlling thyristor.
In addition, the CA3059 provides the following important
auxiliary functions (see the Functional Block Diagram).
1. A built-in protection circuit that may be actuated to remove
drive from the triac if the sensor opens or shorts.
2. Thyristor firing may be inhibited through the action of an
internal diode gate connected to Terminal 1.
3. High-power dc comparator operation is provided by over-
riding the action of the zero-crossing detector. This is ac-
complished by connecting Terminal 12 to Terminal 7.
Gate current to the thyristor is continuous when Terminal
13 is positive with respect to Terminal 9.
The CA3059 and CA3079 are supplied in 14 lead dual-in-
line plastic packages.
Features
Relay Control
Valve Control
Synchronous Switching of Flashing Lights
On-Off Motor Switching
Differential Comparator with Self-Contained Power
Supply for Industrial Applications
Photosensitive Control
Power One-Shot Control
Heater Control
Lamp Control
Type Features
CA3059 CA3079
24V, 120V, 208/230V, 277V at 50/60 . . .
or 400Hz Operation
X X
Differential Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . X X
Low Balance Input Current (Max) - A. . . 1 2
Built-In Protection Circuit for . . . . . . . .
Opened or Shorted Sensor (Term 14)
X X
Sensor Range (Rx) - k. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 - 100 2 - 50
DC Mode (Term 12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . X
External Trigger (Term 6) . . . . . . . . . . . X
External Inhibit (Term 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . X
DC Supply Volts (Max) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 10
Operating Temperature Range (
o
C) . . . -55 to +125
Ordering Information
PART NUMBER TEMPERATURE PACKAGE
CA3059 -55
o
C to +125
o
C 14 Lead Plastic DIP
CA3079 -55
o
C to +125
o
C 14 Lead Plastic DIP
FN490.5
Oct 1999
Pinouts
CA3059 (PDIP)
TOP VIEW
CA3079 (PDIP)
TOP VIEW
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
FAIL-SAFE
SENSE AMP IN
ZCD OVERRIDE
R DRIVER (COM)
SENSE AMP REF
COMMON
R DRIVER V
+
INHIBIT
DC SUPPLY
TRIGGER OUT
AC IN
TRIGGER IN
COMMON
HIGH CURRENT
NEG. TRIGGER
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
SENSE AMP IN
R DRIVER (COM)
SENSE AMP REF
COMMON
DO NOT USE
DO NOT USE
R DRIVER V
+
DC SUPPLY
TRIGGER OUT
AC IN
COMMON
HIGH CURRENT
NEG. TRIGGER
DO NOT USE
DO NOT USE
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B
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CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 321-724-7143 | Intersil (and design) is a trademark of Intersil Americas Inc.
Copyright Intersil Americas Inc. 2002. All Rights Reserved
4
CA3059, CA3079
Functional Block Diagram
FIGURE 1. SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OF CA3059 AND CA3079
AC INPUT VOLTAGE (50/60 OR 400Hz)
V AC
INPUT SERIES RESISTOR (R
S
)
k
DISSIPATION RATING FOR R
S
W
24 2 0.5
120 10 2
208/230 20 4
277 25 5
NOTE: Circuitry within shaded areas, not included in CA3079
See chart
IC = Internal connection - DO NOT USE (Terminal restriction applies only to CA3079)
EXTERNAL
INHIBIT
* NTC SENSOR
IC
R
P
R
X
R
S
100F
15V
+
-
9 10 11 6
R
L
CURRENT
BOOST
MT
2
MT
1
IC
IC
INHIBIT
G
* NEGATIVE TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT
0
CROSSING
DET.
TRIAC
GATING
CIRCUIT
4
3
ON/OFF
SENSING
AMPL.
7
8
13
14
PROTECTION
CIRCUIT
1
2
12
LIMITER 5
AC INPUT
VOLTAGE
POWER
SUPPLY
All resistance values are in
NOTE: Circuitry within shaded areas
not included in CA3079
IC = Internal connection - DO NOT USE (Terminal restriction applies only to
FAIL-SAFE INPUT
TO
COMMON
INHIBIT
INPUT
FOR
EXTERNAL
TRIGGER
COMMON
R
SENSOR
R
P
R
4
10K
R
3
12K
R
7
10K
R
2
27K
13
C
F
100F
15V
COMMON 2
12
1 7 14
10
9
11
8
R
5
9.6K
Q
3
Q
2
Q
4
Q
5
TO
COMMON
R
6
15K
R
9
25
R
8
15
3
4
Q
8
Q
9
Q
7
Q
6
Q
10
D
9
D
8
D
12
D
15
D
10
D
11
R
10
40K
D
7
D
13
D
2
D
1
R
1
5K
5
R
S
AC
LINE
INPUT
6
TO
THYRISTOR
GATE
FOR
INCREASED
GATE DRIVE
IC IC IC
IC
Q
1
D
3
D
6
D
5
D
4
FOR DC MODE
OR 400Hz
OPERATION
5
Specifications CA3059, CA3079
Absolute Maximum Ratings T
A
= +25
o
C Thermal Information
DC Supply Voltage (Between Terminals 2 & 7)
CA3059. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14V
CA3079. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10V
DC Supply Voltage (Between Terminals 2 & 8)
CA3059. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14V
CA3079. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10V
Peak Supply Current (Terminals 5 & 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50mA
Output Pulse Current (Terminal 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150mA
Thermal Resistance
JA
PDIP Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
o
C/W
Power Dissipation
Up to T
A
= +55
o
C CA3059, CA3079 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 950mW
Above T
A
= +55
o
C CA3059, CA3079 . . Derate Linearly 10mW/
o
C
Ambient Temperature
Operating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -55
o
C to +125
o
C
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -65
o
C to +150
o
C
Lead Temperature (During Soldering) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +265
o
C
At distance 1/16 1/32 (1.59 0.79) from case
for 10 seconds max
CAUTION: Stresses above those listed in Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress only rating and operation
of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied.
Electrical Specifications T
A
= +25
o
C, For all Types, Unless Otherwise Specified. All voltages are measured with respect to
Terminal 7. For Operating at 120V
RMS
, 50-60Hz (AC Line Voltage) (Note 1)
PARAMETERS SYMBOL TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
DC SUPPLY VOLTAGE (Figure 2A, 2B, 2C)
Inhibit Mode At 50/60Hz V
S
R
S
= 8k, I
L
= 0 6.1 6.5 7 V
At 400Hz R
S
= 10k, I
L
= 0 - 6.8 - V
At 50/60Hz R
S
= 5k, I
L
= 0 - 6.4 - V
Pulse Mode At 50/60Hz V
S
R
S
= 8k, I
L
= 0 6 6.4 7 V
At 400Hz R
S
= 10k, I
L
= 0 - 6.7 - V
At 50/60Hz R
S
= 5k, I
L
= 0 - 6.3 - V
Gate Trigger Current (Figures 3, 4A) I
GT
Terminal 4
Terminals 3 and 2 Connected,
V
GT
= 1V
- 105 - mA
PEAK OUTPUT CURRENT (PULSED) (Figures 4, 5)
With Internal Power Supply
Figure 4a, 4b
I
OM
Terminal 4
Terminal 3 open, Gate Trigger
Voltage (V
GT
) = 0
50 84 - mA
Terminals 3 and 2 Connected, Gate
Trigger Voltage (V
GT
) = 0
90 124 - mA
With External Power Supply
Figure 5a, 5b, 5c
I
OM
Terminal 4
Terminal 3 open, V+ = 12V, V
GT
= 0 - 170 - mA
Terminals 3 and 2 Connected,
V+ = 12V, V
GT
= 0
240 - mA
Inhibit Input Ratio (Figure 6) V
9
/V
2
Voltage Ratio of Terminals 9 to 2 0.465 0.485 0.520 -
TOTAL GATE PULSE DURATION (Note 2) (Figure 7A, 7B, 7C, 7D)
For Positive dv/dt 50-60Hz t
P
C
EXT
= 0 70 100 140 s
400Hz C
EXT
= 0, R
EXT
= - 12 - s
For Negative dv/dt 50-60Hz t
N
C
EXT
= 0 70 100 140 s
400Hz C
EXT
= 0, R
EXT
= - 10 - s
PULSE DURATION AFTER ZERO CROSSING (50-60Hz) (Figure 7A)
For Positive dv/dt t
P1
C
EXT
= 0, R
EXT
= - 50 - s
For Negative dv/dt t
N1
- 60 - s
OUTPUT LEAKAGE CURRENT (Figure 8)
Inhibit Mode I
4
- 0.001 10 A
INPUT BIAS CURRENT (Figure 9)
CA3059 I
I
- 220 1000 nA
CA3079 - 220 2000 nA
Common-mode Input Voltage Range V
CMR
Terminals 9 and 13 Connected - 1.5 to
5
- V
6
Specifications CA3059, CA3079
SENSITIVITY (Note 3) (Figures 4(a), 11)
Pulse Mode V
13
Terminal 12 open - 6 - mV
NOTES:
1. The values given in the Electrical Characteristics Chart at 120V also apply for operation at input voltages of 208/230V, and 277V, except
for Pulse Duration. However, the series resistor (R
S
) must have the indicated value, shown in the chart in the Functional Block Diagram,
for the specified input voltage.
2. Pulse Duration in 50Hz applications is approximately 15% longer than shown in Figure 7(b).
3. Required voltage change at Terminal 13 to either turn OFF the triac when ON or turn ON the triac when OFF.
Maximum Voltage Ratings T
A
= +25
o
C
MAXIMUM VOLTAGE RATINGS T
A
= +25
o
C
MAXIMUM
CURRENT
RATINGS
TERM.
NO.
NOTE 3
1 2 3 4
NOTE 1
5
NOTE 3
6 7 8 9 10 11
NOTE 3
12 13
NOTES
2, 3
14
I
IN
mA
I
OUT
mA
1
Note 3
Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 15
0
10
-2
Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 10 0.1
2 0
-15
0
-15
2
-14
0
-14
0
Note 5
-14
0
Note 5
-14
0
-14
0
-14
0
-14
Note 4 0
-14
0
-14
150 10
3 0
-15
Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4
4 Note 4 2
-10
Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 0.1 150
5
Note 1
Note 4 7
-7
Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 50 10
6
Note 3
14
0
Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4
7 Note 4 14
0
Note 4 20
0
2.5
-2.5
14
0
6
-6
Note 4 Note 4
8 10
0
Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 0.1 2
9 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4
10 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note4
11 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note 4 Note4
12
Note 3
Note 4 Note 4 50 50
13 Note 4 Note 4 Note4
14
Note 3
2 2
This chart gives the range of voltages which can be applied to the terminals listed horizontally with respect to the terminals listed vertically.
For example, the voltage range of horizontal Terminal 6 to vertical Terminal 4 is 2V to -10V.
NOTES:
1. Resistance should be inserted between Terminal 5 and external supply or line voltage for limiting current into Terminal 5 to less than
50mA.
2. Resistance should be inserted between Terminal 14 and external supply for limiting current into Terminal 14 to less than 2mA.
3. For the CA3079 indicated terminal is internally connected and, therefore, should not be used.
4. Voltages are not normally applied between these terminals; however, voltages appearing between these terminals are safe, if the spec-
ified voltage limits between all other terminals are not exceeded.
5. For CA3079 (0V to -10V).
Electrical Specifications T
A
= +25
o
C, For all Types, Unless Otherwise Specified. All voltages are measured with respect to
Terminal 7. For Operating at 120V
RMS
, 50-60Hz (AC Line Voltage) (Note 1) (Continued)
PARAMETERS SYMBOL TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
7
CA3059, CA3079
FIGURE 2A. DC SUPPLY VOLTAGE TEST CIRCUIT FOR CA3059
AND CA3079
FIGURE 2B. DC SUPPLY VOLTAGE vs AMBIENT TEMPERA-
TURE FOR CA3059 AND CA3079
FIGURE 2C. DC SUPPLY VOLTAGE vs EXTERNAL LOAD
CURRENT FOR CA3059 AND CA3079
FIGURE 3. GATE TRIGGER CURRENT vs GATE TRIGGER
VOLTAGE FOR CA3059 AND CA3079
FIGURE 4A. PEAK OUTPUT (PULSED) AND GATE TRIGGER
CURRENT WITH INTERNAL POWER SUPPLY
TEST CIRCUIT FOR CA3059 AND CA3079
FIGURE 4B. PEAK OUTPUT CURRENT (PULSED) vs AMBIENT
TEMPERATURE FOR CA3059 AND CA3079
2 13
5
7
PULSE 4.6K
CA3059
CA3079
AC LINE
R
S
8 4 9 10
11
INHIBIT
0.3K
4.6K
I
L
V
S
R
L
100F
EXTERNAL
LOAD
CURRENT
ALL RESISTANCE
VALUES ARE IN
7.00
6.75
6.50
6.25
6.00
5.75
I
N
T
E
R
N
A
L

D
C

S
U
P
P
L
Y

(
V
)
-75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (
o
C)
120VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
INPUT RESISTANCE (R
S
) = 10k
NO EXTERNAL LOAD
INHIBIT MODE
PULSE MODE
I
N
T
E
R
N
A
L

D
C

S
U
P
P
L
Y

(
V
)
6.5
6.0
5.5
5.0
4.5
4.0
3.5
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
EXTERNAL LOAD CURRENT (mA)
120VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
T
A
= +25
o
C
R
S
= 5k
(INHIBIT
MODE)
R
S
= 5k
(PULSE
MODE)
R
S
= 10k
(INHIBIT
MODE)
R
S
= 10k
(PULSE
MODE)
G
A
T
E

T
R
I
G
G
E
R

C
U
R
R
E
N
T

(
m
A
)
0 1 2 3
130
120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
GATE TRIGGER (V)
TERMINAL 3 OPEN
TERMINALS 2 AND 3
CONNECTED
120VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
T
A
= +25
o
C
CA3059
CA3079
9 10 11
5
7
4
2 3 13 8
R
S
10K
AC LINE
OSCILLOSCOPE
WITH
HIGH GAIN
INPUT
V
GT
100F
6K 5K
1
1%
I
OM
(4)
OR
I
GT
(4)
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (
o
C)
-75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125
150
125
100
75
50 P
E
A
K

O
U
T
P
U
T

C
U
R
R
E
N
T
,

P
U
L
S
E
D

(
m
A
)
120VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
GATE TRIGGER, V
GT
= 0 (V)
TERMINALS 2 AND 3
CONNECTED
TERMINAL 3 OPEN
175
8
CA3059, CA3079
FIGURE 5A. PEAK OUTPUT CURRENT (PULSED) WITH EXTER-
NAL POWER SUPPLY TEST CIRCUIT FOR CA3059
FIGURE 5B. PEAK OUTPUT CURRENT (PULSED) vs EXTER-
NAL POWER SUPPLY VOLTAGE FOR CA3059
FIGURE 5C. PEAK OUTPUT CURRENT (PULSED) vs AMBIENT
TEMPERATURE FOR CA3059
FIGURE 6(A). INPUT INHIBIT VOLTAGE RATIO TEST CIRCUIT
FOR CA3059 AND CA3079
FIGURE 6B. INPUT INHIBIT VOLTAGE RATIO vs AMBIENT TEM-
PERATURE FOR CA3059 AND CA3079
5
7
CA3059
120VRMS
10K
5
ALL RESISTANCE VALUES ARE IN
3 2
V+
OSCILLOSCOPE
WITH
HIGH GAIN
INPUT
13
4
100F
V
GT
1
1%
8
9
10
11
I
OM(4)
5K 6K
R
S
60Hz
0 5 10 15 20
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
EXTERNAL POWER SUPPLY, V+ (V)
P
E
A
K

O
U
T
P
U
T
,

P
U
L
S
E
D

(
m
A
)
TERMINALS 2 AND 3
CONNECTED
TERMINAL 3 OPEN
120VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
GATE TRIGGER, VGT = 0 (V)
EXTERNAL
V+ = 13V
SUPPLY
3V
3V
5V
5V
8V
10V
8V
12V
13V
10V
12V
120VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
GATE TRIGGER VOLTS (V
GT)
= 0
TERMINALS 2 AND 3 CONNECTED
TERMINAL 3 OPEN
250
200
150
100
50
0
P
E
A
K

O
U
T
P
U
T
,

P
U
L
S
E
D

(
m
A
)
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (
o
C)
-50 -20 10 40 70 100 130
6
8 14
CA3059
CA3079
5
7
11 10 9
4
13 2
R
1
R
2
100F
120VRMS
60Hz
R
S
10K
ALL RESISTANCE
VALUES IN
0.60
0.55
0.50
0.45
0.40
0.35
0.30
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (
o
C)
I
N
P
U
T

I
N
H
I
B
I
T

V
O
L
T
A
G
E

R
A
T
I
O
,

V
9
/
V
2
120VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
9
CA3059, CA3079
FIGURE 7A. GATE PULSE DURATION TEST CIRCUIT WITH
ASSOCIATED WAVEFORM FOR CA3059 AND
CA3079
FIGURE 7B. TOTAL GATE PULSE DURATION vs EXTERNAL
CAPACITANCE FOR CA3059 AND CA3079
FIGURE 7C. PULSE DURATION AFTER ZERO CROSSING vs
EXTERNAL CAPACITANCE FOR CA3059 & CA3079
FIGURE 7D. TOTAL GATE PULSE DURATION vs EXTERNAL
RESISTANCE FOR CA3059
FIGURE 8. OUTPUT LEAKAGE CURRENT (INHIBIT MODE) vs
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE FOR CA3059 AND CA3079
FIGURE 9. INPUT BIAS CURRENT TEST CIRCUIT FOR CA3059
AND CA3079
13 12 8 2
6K 5K
100F
4 OSC.
WITH
HIGH
GAIN
INPUT
CA3059
CA3079
5
7
9
10
11
C
(EXT)
R
S
10K
120VRMS
60Hz
R
EXT
- dv/dt
AC LINE
+ dv/dt
GATE
PULSE
0V
t
P
t
P1
t
N1
t
N
NOTE: Circuitry within shaded area not included in CA3079.
All resistance values are in
1M
T
O
T
A
L

G
A
T
E

P
U
L
S
E

D
U
R
A
T
I
O
N

(

s
)
300
200
100
0
0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09
EXTERNAL CAPACITANCE (F)
t
P
(POSITIVE dv/dt)
t
N
(NEGATIVE dv/dt)
120VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
T
A
= +25
o
C
P
U
L
S
E

D
U
R
A
T
I
O
N

A
F
T
E
R
Z
E
R
O

C
R
O
S
S
I
N
G

(

s
)
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.1
EXTERNAL CAPACITANCE (F)
t
N1
(NEGATIVE dv/dt)
t
P1
(POSITIVE dv/dt)
120VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
T
A
= +25
o
C
EXTERNAL RESISTANCE (k)
T
O
T
A
L

G
A
T
E

P
U
L
S
E

D
U
R
A
T
I
O
N

(

s
)
40
30
20
10
0
10 100
t
P
(POSITIVE dv/dt)
t
N
(NEGATIVE dv/dt)
120VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
T
A
= +25
o
C
O
U
T
P
U
T

L
E
A
K
A
G
E

(
n
A
)
100
10
1
0.1
-80 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (
o
C)
120VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
INPUT RESISTANCE (R
S
= 100k
NO EXTERNAL LOAD
CA3059
CA3079
2
7
9 +3V
13
8
I
I
V+ = 6V
10
CA3059, CA3079
FIGURE 10A. FIGURE 10B.
FIGURE 10C. FIGURE 10D.
FIGURE 10. RELATIVE PULSE WIDTH AND LOCATION OF ZERO CROSSING FOR 220V OPERATION FOR CA3059 AND CA3079
FIGURE 11. SENSITIVITY vs AMBIENT TEMPERATURE FOR
CA3059 AND CA3079
FIGURE 12. OPERATING REGIONS FOR BUILT-IN PROTEC-
TION CIRCUIT FOR CA3059
300
200
100
0
0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1
EXTERNAL CAPACITANCE (F)
220VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
INPUT RESISTANCE (R
S
) = 10k
50Hz, t
P
(+ dv/dt)
60Hz, t
P
(+ dv/dt)
50Hz, t
N
(- dv/dt)
60Hz, t
N
(- dv/dt)
T
O
T
A
L

G
A
T
E

P
U
L
S
E

D
U
R
A
T
I
O
N

(

s
)
T
O
T
A
L

G
A
T
E

P
U
L
S
E

D
U
R
A
T
I
O
N

(

s
)
600
400
200
0
0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1
EXTERNAL CAPACITANCE (F)
60Hz, t
N
(- dv/dt) 50Hz, t
N
(- dv/dt)
60Hz, t
P
(+ dv/dt)
50Hz, t
P
(+ dv/dt)
220VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
INPUT RESISTANCE (R
S
) = 20k
T
I
M
E

F
R
O
M

Z
E
R
O

C
R
O
S
S
I
N
G
T
O

E
N
D

O
F

P
U
L
S
E

(

s
)
0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1
600
400
200
0
220VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
INPUT RESISTANCE (R
S
) = 10k
60Hz, t
N1
(- dv/dt)
50Hz, t
N1
(- dv/dt)
60Hz, t
P1
(+ dv/dt)
50Hz, t
P1
(+ dv/dt)
EXTERNAL CAPACITANCE (F)
T
I
M
E

F
R
O
M

Z
E
R
O

C
R
O
S
S
I
N
G
T
O

E
N
D

O
F

P
U
L
S
E

(

s
)
600
400
200
0
0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1
EXTERNAL CAPACITANCE (F)
220VRMS, 50/60Hz OPERATION
INPUT RESISTANCE (R
S
) = 20k
50Hz, t
N1
(- dv/dt)
60Hz, t
N1
(- dv/dt)
50Hz, t
P1
(+ dv/dt)
60Hz, t
P1
(+ dv/dt)
S
E
N
S
I
T
I
V
I
T
Y
,

V
1
3

(
m
V
)

S
E
N
S
O
R

R
E
S
I
S
T
A
N
C
E
,

R
O
N

-

R
O
F
F

(

)
30
20
10
0
-75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (
o
C)
18
12
6
0
SENSOR RESISTANCE = 5k
TERMINALS 7 AND 12 CONNECTED
DC GATE CURRENT MODE
(CA3058 & CA3059)
TERMINAL 12 OPEN
PULSED GATE CURRENT MODE
(ALL TYPES)
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
T
E
R
M
I
N
A
L

1
4

(
V
)
-50 -25 0 25 50 75
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (
o
C)
THYRISTOR TURN-OFF
AREA OF NORMAL
OPERATION
AREA OF UNCERTAIN
OPERATION
AREA OF UNCERTAIN
OPERATION
THYRISTOR TURN-OFF
11
CA3059, CA3079
FIGURE 13. LINE-OPERATED ONE-SHOT TIMER FIGURE 14. LINE-OPERATED THYRISTOR CONTROL TIME
DELAY TURN-ON CIRCUIT
FIGURE 15. ON/OFF TEMPERATURE CONTROL CIRCUIT WITH DELAYED TURN-ON
FIGURE 16A. LINE-OPERATED IC TIMER FOR LONG TIME PERIODS
11
5
10
12
6 1
2
6
7
13
9
3
14 +
-
100F
15VDC
OFF ON
C1
R1
4
G
MT
1
MT
2
R
L
120VAC
60Hz
CA3059
t
ON
= 0.67 R
1
C
1
R
1
(max. value allowable) = 1m
10K
2W
11
5
10
12
6 1
2
8
7
14
+
-
100F
15VDC
C1
R1
4
G
MT
1
MT
2
R
L
120VAC
60Hz
CA3059
t
d
= 0.67 R
1
C
1
OFF
ON
9
13
3
10K
2W
CA3079
11
5
10
12
6 1
2
6
7
13
9
3
14 +
-
100F
15VDC
C1
R
P
4
G
MT
1
MT
2
R
L
120VAC
60Hz
CA3059
10K
2W
OFF
ON
R
1
R2
NTC
SENSOR
t
d
= R
T
C
1
R
T
=
R
1
R
2
R
1
+ R
2
10
11
1
2
9
6
11
11
10 16
1 5
2
4
8 3 7
8
1
9
6
10
12
13
8
16
12
14
15
CA3059
RECTIFIER
AND TRIAC
CONTROL
5
4
SWITCHED
LOAD
MT
2
MT
1
T2300B
MAX LOAD = 2.5A
G
1K
7
COS/MOS CD4040A
12-STAGE COUNTER
PULSE GENERATOR
CA3097E THYRISTOR/
TRANSISTOR ARRAY
R
4
10K
R
5
1K
13
SENSOR
100F
- +
C1
R2
68K
R1
R3
100K
R6
2M
R7
5K
IN
V
DD
+
10
K
OUTPUT
RESET
10K
120VAC 5K
2W
Terminal 1 goes High
(Logic 1) after 2048
pulses are applied to
Terminal 10.
NOTE:
For 8 hour delay:
R
1
= 12M
C
1
= 2F
12
CA3059, CA3079
FIGURE 16B. TIMING DIAGRAM FOR FIGURE 16A
FIGURE 17A. PROGRAMMABLE ULTRA-ACCURATE LINE-OPERATED TIMER.
e.g., 8 HRS
1 PULSE/SEC
NIGHT DAY
SENSOR ILLUMINATION
COUNTER RESET
(TERMINAL 11 OF CD4040)
CLOCK PULSES
(TERMINAL 9 OF CA3097E)
COUNTER OUTPUT
(TERMINAL 1 OF CD4040)
TERMINAL 6 OF CA3059 AND
TERMINAL 5 OF CA3097E
TERMINAL 4 OF CA3059
AND POWER IN LOAD
10
2
11
13
14
5
9
4
7
8
1
6
4
16 2 10
7 8 9
15
CA3059
RECTIFIER
PULSE
GENERATOR
TRIAC
CONTROL
11 16
10
8
TRIAC
G
200
C
1
100F
10K
1K
ASTABLE
SW
2
MONOSTABLE
R
L
10K
2W
1K
COS/MOS CD4020A
14-STAGE BINARY
COUNTER
120VAC
60Hz
RESET
SW1
RUN
C
2
0.001
120pps
2
7
H
G
F
E
D
C
B
A
1
+V
DD
( +6.5V)
V
DD
Kd Ka
2
8
2
9
2
10
2
11
2
12
2
13
2
14
a b c d e f g h
V
SS
Kb Kc
OUTPUT
CD4048A
EXPANDABLE
8 INPUT GATE
EXP
PROGRAMMING
INTERCONNECTIONS
T2302B
MAX LOAD = 2.5A
120pps
+V
DD
( +6.5V)
RESET
13
CA3059, CA3079
FIGURE 17B. PROGRAMMING TABLE FOR FIGURE 17(A).
TIME PERIODS (t = 0.5333 s)
1t 2t 4t 8t 16t 32t 64t 128t t
O
CD4020A TERMINALS
a b c d e f g h
CD4048A TERMINALS
A B C D E F G H
C NC NC NC NC NC NC NC 1t
NC C NC NC NC NC NC NC 2t
C C NC NC NC NC NC NC 3t
NC NC C NC NC NC NC NC 4t
C NC C NC NC NC NC NC 5t
NC C C NC NC NC NC NC 6t
C C C NC NC NC NC NC 7t
NC NC NC C NC NC NC NC 8t
C NC NC C NC NC NC NC 9t
NC C NC C NC NC NC NC 10t
C C NC C NC NC NC NC 11t
NC NC C C NC NC NC NC 12t
C NC C C NC NC NC NC 13t
NC C C C NC NC NC NC 14t
C C C C NC NC NC NC 15t
C C C C NC C C NC 111t
NC NC NC NC C C C NC 112t
C NC NC NC C C C NC 113t
C C C C C C C C 255t
NOTES:
1. t
O
= Total time delay = n
1
t + n
2
t + . . . n
n
t.
2. C = Connect. For example, interconnect terminal a of the CD4020A and terminal A of the CD4048A.
3. NC = No Connection. For example, terminal b of the CD4020A open and terminal B of the CD4048A connected to +V
DD
bus.
AC
CA3059
AC IN LOAD (R
L
)
CD4048A
SUPPLY
VOLTAGE
OUTPUT
(PIN 4 AND PIN 6)
OUTPUT
14
All Intersil U.S. products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9000 quality systems.
Intersil Corporations quality certifications can be viewed at www.intersil.com/design/quality
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time without
notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result
from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
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CA3059, CA3079
Power Supply Considerations for CA3059 and CA3079
The CA3059 and CA3079 are intended for operation as self-
powered circuits with the power supplied from and AC line
through a dropping resistor. The internal supply is designed
to allow for some current to be drawn by the auxiliary power
circuits. Typical power supply characteristics are given in
Figures 2(b) and 2(c).
Power Supply Considerations for CA3059
The output current available from the internal supply may not
be adequate for higher power applications. In such applica-
tions an external power supply with a higher voltage should
be used with a resulting increase in the output level. (See
Figure 4 for the peak output current characteristics.) When
an external power supply is used, Terminal 5 should be con-
nected to Terminal 7 and the synchronizing voltage applied
to Terminal 12 as illustrated in Figure 5(a).
Operation of Built-In Protection for the CA3059
A special feature of the CA3059 is the inclusion of a protec-
tion circuit which, when connected, removes power from the
load if the sensor either shorts or opens. The protection cir-
cuit is activated by connecting Terminal 14 to Terminal 13 as
shown in the Functional Block Diagram. To assure proper
operation of the protection circuit the following conditions
should be observed:
1. Use the internal supply and limit the external load current
to 2mA with a 5k dropping resistor.
2. Set the value of R
P
and sensor resistance (R
X
) between
2k and 100k.
3. The ratio of R
X
to R
P
, typically, should be greater than
0.33 and less than 3. If either of these ratios is not met
with an unmodified sensor over the entire anticipated
temperature range, then either a series or shunt resistor
must be added to avoid undesired activation of the circuit.
If operation of the protection circuit is desired under condi-
tions other than those specified above, then apply the data
given in Figure 12.
External Inhibit Function for the CA3059
A priority inhibit command may be applied to Terminal 1. The
presence of at least +1.2V at 10A will remove drive from
the thyristor. This required level is compatible with DTL or
T
2
L logic. A logical 1 activates the inhibit function.
DC Gate Current Mode for the CA3059
Connecting Terminals 7 and 12 disables the zero-crossing
detector and permits the flow of gate current on demand
from the differential sensing amplifier. This mode of opera-
tion is useful when comparator operation is desired or when
inductive loads are switched. Care must be exercised to
avoid overloading the internal power supply when operating
in this mode. A sensitive gate thyristor should be used with a
resistor placed between Terminal 4 and the gate in order to
limit the gate current.
Dimensions in parentheses are in millimeters and are derived from
the basic inch dimensions as indicated. Grid gradations are in mils
(10
-3
inch).
The photographs and dimensions represent a chip when it is par of
the wafer. When the wafer is cut into chips, the cleavage angles are
57
o
instead of 90
o
with respect to the face of the chip. Therefore, the
isolated chip is actually 7 mils (0.17mm) larger in both dimensions.
Operating Considerations
This datasheet has been downloaded from:
www.DatasheetCatalog.com
Datasheets for electronic components.