You are on page 1of 15

# Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009

NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)
Chapter ! "efraction of Li#ht
Checkpoint (p\$%&)
1. A. A light ray bends towards the normal upon entering an optically denser
medium.
2. P
3. Applying Snells law, we have
( )

=

4 . 25
5 . 1
sin
5 ! sin
r
r
"he angle o# re#raction is 25.4\$.
4. n
X
%
& .
' .

% 1.33.
Checkpoint (p\$%%)
1. (
2. )edium O. *t is the optically least dense medium and thus light travels the #astest
in it.
3. (
'xercise (p\$%%)
1. (
2. (
3. (
4. +a, "abulate the data as shown.
sin
a
sin
g
. .
.1-4 .115
.342 .225
.5 .32&
.&43 .423
.-&& .515
"he #ollowing graph is plotted.
1
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009
NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)
+b, "he re#ractive inde/ is e0ual to the slope o# the graph in +a,, i.e.
4&5 .
- .

1 1.51.
5. Applying Snells law, we have
=
=
!4 . 25
sin 52 . 1 3 sin 33 . 1
r
r
"he angle o# re#raction is 25.!\$.
&. 2rom the diagram,
=

=
!! . 41
1
21 3
tan
1
1

=
=

h
h
21
tan
21
tan
1
2
2

## Applying Snells law, we have

( ) [ ]
- . 1-
!! . 41 sin 33 . 1 sin
21
tan
33 . 1
sin
sin
1 1
1
2
=
=

=

h
h

## "he height o# the building is 1' m.

2
0.05 0.1 015 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35
0
0.1
0.4 0.45 0.5
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.
sin
a
sin
g
0.55
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009
NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)
-. Applying Snells law, we have

=
=
1 . 32
12 . 32
sin 33 . 1 45 sin 1

% 1 32.1\$
Applying Snells law, we have

=
=
1 . 2'
13 . 2'
sin 5 . 1 sin 33 . 1

'. "he re#ractive inde/ o# material X is

4- sin
, 2 ! sin+
or
, 4- ! sin+
sin

r
.
"hus we have

=

2 . &1
, 4- ! sin+
sin
4- sin
, 2 ! sin+
r
r
Checkpoint (p\$%!)
1. (
2.
3
o!server
o!"ect
image
a#uarium
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009
NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)
3.
Checkpoint (p\$())
1. (
2. +a, (orrect. 3ight ray a bends less upon entering the glass, showing that the
glass has a smaller re#ractive inde/ #or a.
+b, *ncorrect. "he glass has a smaller re#ractive inde/ #or a and thus the speed
o# a is higher.
+c, *ncorrect. All light waves travel at the same speed in vacuum.
'xercise (p\$())
1. A
2. 3ight rays #rom the girls legs bend away #rom the normal when they cross the
water4air boundary. "he images o# the legs are at higher positions than the actual
ob5ects, causing the observer to thin6 that the legs are shorter than they really
are.
3. 3et n be the re#ractive inde/ o# the glass.
+a, Applying Snells law, we have
4
I
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009
NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)
n %

2 sin
3 sin
% 1.4&2 1 1.4&.
+b, Applying Snells law, we have
=

=
-
4 sin
sin
4&2 . 1

## 4. +a, Applying Snells law, we have

=

=
4 . 1!
4 . 1!
sin
3 sin
55 . 1
a
a
a % b % d % e 1 1!.4\$
Applying Snells law, c % f % 3\$.
+b,
5. +a, +i, 3ight rays #rom the #ish bend away #rom the normal when they cross
the water4air boundary. "hus the image o# the #ish is at a nearer
position to )ichael than the actual ob5ect.
+ii, 3ight rays #rom )ichael bend towards #rom the normal when they
cross the air4water boundary. "hus the image o# )ichael is at a #arther
position to the #ish than the actual ob5ect.
5
\$ichael%s e&es
'ish
image o'
the 'ish
*ater air
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009
NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)
+b, +i, "he image o# the #ish as observed by )ichael becomes nearer to him.
+ii, "he image o# )ichael as observed by the #ish becomes #arther #rom it.
&.
-. +a, Applying Snells law, the angle o# re#raction r #or the red ray is
=

=
212 . 25
sin
4 sin
5! . 1
r
r
"hus the angle o# re#raction #or the blue ray is 25.212\$ 7 .2-\$ % 24.!42\$.
Applying Snells law, the re#ractive inde/ #or blue light is

!42 . 24 sin
4 sin
1 1.524.
+b, "he ratio is 1.524.1.5! #or the travelling speed o# red light in the glass to
that o# blue light.
Checkpoint (p\$(+)
1. "able 81.
medium re#ractive inde/ critical angle
9erspe/ 1.5 41.'\$
water 1.33 4'.'\$
diamond 2.42 24.4\$
plastic bloc6 1.54 4.5\$
2. +a, *ncorrect
+b, *ncorrect
+c, (orrect
&
\$ichael
'ish%s e&es
*ater air
image o'
\$ichael
image
image
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009
NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)
Checkpoint (p\$(,)
1. +a, Applying Snells law, we have
=

=
-! . 4-
sin
! sin
35 . 1

## "hus the verte/ angle is 2 1 !5.&\$.

+b, 2rom the diagram, we have
m &2 . &
3
2
tan

=
D
D

'xercise (p\$+%)
1. +a, the occurrence o# #ish4eye view +or any reasonable answer,
+b, light transmission in optical #ibres +or any reasonable answer,
2. +a, Applying Snells law, we have

=
- . 34
sin
& sin
52 . 1
q
q
+b, "he critical angle is

52 . 1
1
sin
1
1 41.1\$.
3. +a, "he critical angle is o# material X is

4' . 1
1
sin
1
1 42.5\$.
+b, Applying Snells law, we have
( )

=
& . -&
! sin
2 sin
4' . 1
P
P

## 4. (onsider the diagram below.

-
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009
NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)
Applying Snells law, the re#ractive inde/ is
, 4' ! sin+
! sin

1 1.4!.
5. +a,, +b,
+c, :sing prismatic periscope can avoid the #ormation o# multiple images and
hence a sharper image is obtained.
+d,
&. +a, +i, "he critical angle o# the water is

35 . 1
1
sin
1
% 4-.-! 1 4-.'\$.
+ii,
3& . 1
5 . 1
-! . 4- tan

=
h
h
+b, ;es. "he diagram is shown below.
-. 3et n be the re#ractive inde/ o# li0uid X.
Applying Snells law, we have
334 . 1
! sin & sin 54 . 1
=
=
n
n
"hus the speed o# light in li0uid X is
334 . 1
1 3
'

1 2.25 < 1
'
m s
71
.
Chapter 'xercise (p\$+!)
1. =
2. >
'
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009
NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)
3. =
4. >
5. A
&. (
-. =
'. A
!. >
1. =
11. A
12. +a,
(1A for larger degree of bending by the violet light)
+b, "he critical angle o# the glass #or red light is larger than that #or violet light.
+c, "he violet light disappears #irst.
(1A)
"he angle o# incidence increases as the bloc6 is moved to the right.
(1A)
2rom +b,, we 6now that he violet light undergoes total internal re#lection
#irst and thus it disappears #rom the screen #irst.
(1A)

13. +a,
(1A for the image, 1A for correct bending of light)
+b, "he 6ey appears nearer to the swimmer.
(1A)
+c, (onsider the #ollowing diagram.
!
violet ra&
image
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009
NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)
=
=
&! . 33
5 . 1
1
tan
a
a

(1M)
Applying Snells law, we have
=

=
&5 . 24
sin
&! . 33 sin
33 . 1
w
w

(1M)
"here#ore,
m 15 . 1
5 . 2
&5 . 24 tan

=
d
d
(1A)
14. +a, =irect a light ray to the middle o# the straight edge o# the semi4circular
bloc6
(1A)
. )easure the angle o# incidence i and the corresponding angle o#
re#raction r using the protractor
(1A)
. 9lot a graph o# sin i against sin r and a
straight line will be obtained
(1A)
. "his shows that sin i is directly
proportional to sin r.
+b, "he slope o# the graph in +a, is the re#ractive inde/ n o# the material the
(1A)
. "he critical angle c o# the material can
be calculated using the e0uation

=

n
c
1
sin
1

(1A)
.
15. +a, +i, re#lection
(1A)
and re#raction
(1A)
+ii,
(1A for refracted light rays parallel to the ones incident from the air)
1
(e&
d

a
1.5 m
2.5 m
1 m
s)immer%s
e&es

)
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009
NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)
+b, +i,
(1A for correct paths in each case)
+ii, "he phenomenon is 6nown as total internal re#lection
(1A)
. :sing
prisms can avoid the #ormation o# multiple images and hence a clearer
image can be obtained
(1A)
.
1&. +a,
(1A for rays and 1A for the images)
+b, ?o
(1A)
. "he image is virtual, i.e. light rays do not come #rom the image
directly, and it cannot be caught by a screen
(1A)
.
1-. +a, +i, Applying Snells law we have

=
4 . 5!
, 55 ! sin+
sin
5 . 1

(1M+1A)
+ii,
(1A for correct label of c)
11
image
image
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009
NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)

+b, +i, total internal re#lection
(1A)
+ii, %
JTZ QTR =
% 4\$
(1A)
Applying Snells law,

=
=
& . -4
4 sin
sin
5 . 1
sin
sin
5 . 1

(1A)
+iii,
(1A for extended rays, 1A for correct position of image)
+iv, "he image is virtual.
(1A)
+v,
(1A)
1'. +a, >y the law o# re#lection, a % 3\$.
(A)
Applying Snells law,

=

=
! . 1'
'' . 1'
sin
3 sin
545 . 1
b
b
(1A)
12
c
image
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009
NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)
b % c % d % e 1 1'.!\$
(1A)
Applying Snells law, f % 3\$
(A)
+b, re#lection
(1A)
and re#raction
(1A)
+c,
1!. +a,
(2A for correct paths of light rays and 1A for the image formation)
+b,
(2A for correct paths of light rays and 1A for the image formation)
13
image
coin
image
image
o!server
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009
NSS Physics in Life Full Solution of Textbooks
(Wave Motion)
2. +a, "he critical angle #or the violet light is

55 . 1
1
sin
1
% 4.1'\$.
(1M)
(1A for correct path in the prism and 1A for correct path leaving the prism)
+b, "he critical angle #or the red light is

52 . 1
1
sin
1
% 41.14\$.
(1M)
(1A for correct path in the prism and 1A for correct path leaving the prism)
21.
(L!"# \$!level May 2%%2 &1 '11)
22.
(L!"# \$!level May 2%%( &2 '))
23.
(*+#, A,A-!level +an 2%%. &aper ()1,%1 '()
24.
(/#!0"# May,+1ne 2%%. &2 '.)
25.
(34# 1555 &1 '()
2&.
(34# 2%%1 &1 '6)
2-.
(34# 2%%2 &1 '2)
2'. +a, A plane mirror consists o# a glass with a silver coating at the bac6. 3ight is
14
image
coin
image
o!server
40\$
5.1\$
40\$
77.7*
Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009