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Introduction To Power Engineering

Submitted by
Junaid Asghar Bhatti
Roll # 1883
BS(EE)8
th


Submitted to:
Engr.Rehaan Liaquat



Department Of Electrical Engineering
Government College University,Faisalabad.






What is ISO?
ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is an international specialized agency for
standardization comprising national standard bodies of about 100 countries including Pakistan, and is
situated at Geneva, Switzerland.
ISOs work covers all areas except those related to electrical and electronic engineering, which are
covered by the International Electro-Technical Commission (IEC). The results of ISOs technical work are
published as international standards or guides.
Pakistan Standards Institute (PSI)
PSI, which is Principal Body for Maintaining ISO Standards in Pakistan, is now under the
administrative control of Ministry of Science and Technology, and is entrusted with the
responsibility of procuring and selling those standards of ISO and other standardization
agencies/bodies (of other countries), which are required in Pakistan.
The main function of PSI is to draw voluntary standards by agreement among all the interested
parties concerned and to promote their adoption on voluntary and compulsory basis.
Its present activities include:-
Preparation, printing, sale and implementation of Pakistan standards,
Registration of inspection agencies,
Introduction of S I system,
Collaboration with the international organizations, such as ISO, International Electro-Technical
Commission (IEC) and Organization International Metrology De Legal (OIML) and other national
standards organizations, and
Dissemination of knowledge and information of Standardization and Quality Control.
One of the main tasks of the Institution is to prepare National Standards relating to
commodities, standards, materials, practices, testing methods etc, and to reuse, alter and
amend them from time and time. In the attempt to be in harmony with other nations in the
world, PSI follows the same procedures for processing of standards, as recommended by ISO.
Since its establishment (1951), PSI has prepared more than 3700 National Standards. It also
maintains a technical library of more than 1800 technical books besides a collection of 130,000
international and other national standards at Karachi.

Models:
ISO 9000 series are also called ISO Family, which includes Models/Core Standards and their supporting
Guidelines listed below:
ISO 9001 For companies engaged in Design/Development, Production, Installation, and After Sale
Services; e.g. engineering industries etc.
ISO 9002 For companies engaged in only Production and Installation; e.g. textiles, pharmaceuticals,
ceramics, cable etc.
ISO 9003 For companies engaged in only Final Inspection and Test; e.g. inspection agencies, laboratories
etc.
ISO 14000 For Environmental Management System
ISO 9000 Implementation in Pakistan.
Ever since ISO 9000 standards have made its presence and impact felt in the business community in
Pakistan, there is also growing interest as well as concern shown in the government circles as to.
STANDARDIZATION IN PAKISTAN
Likewise other developed country, Pakistan has also been the participant of Quality System
Management since its creation. This can be divided into five stages:
1947-1960s Craftsmanship, where quality was built into products but was successful only in low
production.
1960-1970s Mass production started and large industries were setup. Quality Control took the shape of
inspection activity.
1970-1980s Introduction of Statistical Quality/Process Control in a few key industries.
1980-1990s Introduction of Quality Circles.
1990- Introduction of Total Quality Management and ISO 9000.
In early 1990s the government of Pakistan considering the global challenges and opportunities in the
field of standardization taken two drastic measures;
a) amalgamated the three major components of the field of standardization like PSI (Pakistan Standards
Institutions), CTL (Central Testing Laboratories), and MIRDC (Metal Industries Research and
Development Centre) and formed PSQCA (Pakistan Standards and Quality Control Authority)
b) established PIQC (Pakistan Institute of Quality Control) for generating expertise in fields of TQM (Total
Quality Management) and HRM (Human Resources Management).
Role for the Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC):
PEC can also generate their own programmers, with the help of major public and private sector
engineering concerns, in.
1. Promoting the concept of self certification.
2. Helping smaller companies develop quality systems short of certification.
3. Funding the training sessions for independent auditors who can self certify small companies at
nominal charges.
4. Approach PSI to enact and accept self certification of companies, at least for in-country trade
practices.
EFFECTIVENESS OF ISO
Effectiveness of the quality system may be recognized by the following facts:
1. It clearly structures and reports quality costs.
2. It emphasizes on prevention rather than detection.
3. It controls quality in the entire functions of an organization on an integrated basis,
which begins with the marketing conception and the product design and continuous
through procurement, production, and productive services.
4. It places thigh value to the supervisors and worker.
5. It is data based which is analyzed on routine basis.
6. It is documented in the form of manuals and procedures, etc.
7. It provides training opportunities to every person at all levels.
8. It makes quality motivation a continuous process of quality goals.
9. It measures customer satisfaction.
10. It integrates products safety and product liability control considerations.
11. It audits both the product and the system.
12. It takes into account planning as major management function.

Advantages
Implementing ISO 9000 QMS often gives the following advantages:
1. Create a more efficient, effective operation
2. Increase customer satisfaction and retention
3. Reduce audits
4. Enhance marketing
5. Improve employee motivation, awareness, and morale
6. Promote international trade
7. Increases profit
8. Reduce waste and increases productivity

The government is also observed the World Standard Day, October 14 every year.