2.4K views

Uploaded by Mayolites

The unit weight of a material can be defined as the weight of a given volume of graded aggregate. It effectively measures the volume that the graded aggregate will occupy and includes both solid particles and the voids between them. The unit weight of fine and coarse aggregates within the ASTM grading limits are generally in the range of 1450 – 1750 kg/cu.m. The unit weight values are used in designing concrete mixtures. Voids in between aggregate particles that can be filled by the mortar can also be calculated.

- Water Lab Experiment
- Fineness of Cement
- C4 - Sieve Analysis (Aggregate Grading) for Fine and Coarse Aggregate
- Compressive and Flexural Strength Test of Hydraulic Cement Mortar
- SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND ABSORPTION OF FINE AGGREGATE
- Experiment No.1 Specific Gravity and Absorption of Coarse Aggregate
- Bulk Density Test
- 9) Sand Cone Method
- Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregate
- Experiment- Determination of Unit Weight and Voids of Aggregares 2
- Specific Gravity and Absorption of Coarse and Fine Aggregates
- Tensile Strength of Reinforcement Steel Bar.pdf
- Sieve Analysis of Aggregates
- Bulk Density and Specific Gravity
- Specific Gravity of Coarse Aggregates
- Normal Consistency of Cement
- Setting Time - Vicat Needle ASTM C 191
- E301 Compiled.pdf
- TEST ON AGGREGATES
- Permeability Test for Granular Soils

You are on page 1of 5

College of Engineering

Department of Civil Engineering

CE 49L 4A

Construction Materials and Testing, Lab.

Experiment No. 2

UNIT WEIGHT OF AGGREGATES

Fesalbon, Mayson R.

10-205-041

Date of Submission: August 15, 2013

Engr. Reynaldo O. Baarde

Instructor

EXPERIMENT NO.2

UNIT WEIGHT OF AGGREGATES

I. OBJECTIVE

To determine the unit weight of aggregates

II. MAIN PRINCIPLE

The unit weight of a material can be defined as the weight of a given volume of graded

aggregate. It effectively measures the volume that the graded aggregate will occupy and includes

both solid particles and the voids between them.

The unit weight of fine and coarse aggregates within the ASTM grading limits are generally in the

range of 1450 1750 kg/cu.m. The unit weight values are used in designing concrete mixtures.

Voids in between aggregate particles that can be filled by the mortar can also be calculated.

III. CALIBRATION OF THE MEASURE

1. Weigh the measure (Wm)

2. Fill the measure with water to the brim.

3. Cover it with a piece of glass plate in such a way as to eliminate bubbles and excess water.

4. Weigh the water and measure (Ww)

5. Take the temperature of the water and determines its density (Dw), interpolating if necessary.

6. Calculate the volume of the measure (Vm)

IV. TEST PROCEDURE

A. Rodding Procedure (For aggregates having a maximum size of 40mm or less)

1. Fill the measure to one-third its capacity.

2. Tamp the layer of aggregate 25 times with a rod.

3. Fill the measure two-thirds full, and do as above.

4. Fill the measure to overflowing, and do as above.

5. Level the surface of the aggregate.

a. For fine aggregate, use a straight edge.

b. For coarse aggregates, use your fingers or a straight edge such that any slight

projection of the large particles will balance the voids in the surface below the top

of the measure.

6. Weigh the measure with the aggregate (Wi)

7. Calculate the unit weight.

B. J igging Procedure (For aggregates having a maximum size from 40mm to 100mm)

1. Fill the measure one-third full.

2. Place the measure on a firm base and raise the opposite sides alternately about 50mm

and allow the measure to drop freely. Repeat for 50 times, 25 times for each side.

3. Fill the measure two-thirds full and do as above.

4. Fill the measure to overflowing and do as above.

5. Level the surface of the aggregate.

6. Weigh the measure with the aggregate. (Wi)

7. Calculate the unit weight.

V. CALCULATIONS

Where: Qi = unit weight of aggregate (kg/cu.m)

Wi = weight of aggregate and measure (kg)

Wm = weight of measure (kg)

Vm = volume of measure (cu.m)

VI. DATA AND COMPUTATIONS

Test Procedure Rodding Jigging

Weight of aggregate

and measure

Trial 1 4.26 21.34

Trial 2 4.28 21.11

Trial 3 4.30 21.24

Average (Wi) 4.28 21.23

Weight of measure (Wm), kg 1.03 3.57

Weight of water and measure (Ww), kg 3.05 13.78

Temperature of water,

o

C 23.00 23.00

Density of water (Dw), kg/m

3

1 000.00 1000.00

Volume of measure (Vm), m

3

2.025 x 10

-3

10.225 x 10

-3

Unit Weight of Aggregate (Qi), kg/m

3

1 605.93 1 727.14

VII. SAMPLE COMPUTATIONS

Rodding Procedure

=

4.260+4.275+4.295

3

= .

=

3.0501.025

1000.00

= .

=

4.2771.025

2.02510

3

= . /

J igging Procedure

=

21.34+21.11+21.24

3

= .

=

13.7953.57

1000.00

= .

=

21.233.57

10.22510

3

= . /

VII. DISCUSSION AND OBSERVATION

A. Discussion

One property of a soil is its unit weight which is defined as the weight of a soil mass per unit

volume occupied. In this experiment, the determination of this property was made possible for

two soil grading: fine-grained and coarse-grained soils in which it undergoes two different

methods namely as rodding and jigging respectively.

Calibration. In calibration, determining the weights necessary for this experiment is not as

challenging as the determining the volume of the container. Since the shape of the container

is irregular, water-displacement method can be used. Given the density of water and the

mass of the container and the mass of water in the container, the volume can be determined.

The use of glass plate is important first to avoid the water to spill from the container when

transferring it to another location and second to ensure that only water was in the container. If

bubbles was seen, it only gives us a hint that a fraction of the total volume of the container

was occupied by air. Presence of air bubbles can be eliminated (reduced if not possible to

eliminate) by sliding the glass plate into the brim of the container. Presence of very small air

bubbles can be considered as negligible since in will only occupy a very small percentage of

the containers total volume and will not greatly affect the result of the experiment.

Rodding. Its main purpose is to compact the soil sample in such a way that it will attain its

more probable densest state to which it will occupy the container. Since a soil cannot be

compacted singly, three layers of the soil sample were made to compact in the same number

of blows and kind of rod. Rodding was made to free fall so that there would be a uniform

compaction effort for every layer. If were to apply a force in every layer, there would be

varying compaction effort which can be a source of error in the experiment. Rodding was also

made in a regular pattern in such a way that almost all the top layer of the soil sample was hit

by the rod. It is made to attain uniformity and consistency of the procedure.

Jigging. As compared to rodding, the soil sample used in jigging was coarse-grained soils.

Therefore, rodding is not an option. But using the same principle in rodding, jigging is a

method so that coarse-grained soils will attain its densest state to which it will almost occupy

the container. Since it is impossible for the coarse-grained soil to occupy spaces in the

container, the last procedure for jigging to is to arrange the topmost part of the soil sample

lessen the void spaces.

B. Observations

During the experiment, the following was observed:

1. The soil used in tampering is a fine-grained soil with an almost same consistency of

an iron filling.

2. When the soil is rodded, the soil mass compresses and arranges to a denser state.

3. The soil used in jigging are white gravel it an average length of 2cm.

4. When the soil (gravel) was jigged, the gravel changes its arrangement into a denser

state.

5. Void spaces are more evident in jigging. Not all of the volume of the container was

occupied by the coarse-grained soils

IX. CONCLUSION

The unit weight of an aggregate can be determined as a ratio of the weight of the aggregate per

unit volume occupied by the aggregate. In a laboratory test, it can be simply determined as

shown below.

Where: Qi = unit weight of aggregate (kg/cu.m)

Wi = weight of aggregate and measure (kg)

Wm = weight of measure (kg)

Vm = volume of measure (cu.m)

- Water Lab ExperimentUploaded byKim Sanchez
- Fineness of CementUploaded byLarrizSamudio
- C4 - Sieve Analysis (Aggregate Grading) for Fine and Coarse AggregateUploaded byEdrox Wong
- Compressive and Flexural Strength Test of Hydraulic Cement MortarUploaded byMayolites
- SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND ABSORPTION OF FINE AGGREGATEUploaded byTaufiq Sapitz
- Experiment No.1 Specific Gravity and Absorption of Coarse AggregateUploaded byJohn Robert Banez
- Bulk Density TestUploaded bymt_mt_1
- 9) Sand Cone MethodUploaded byPn Ekanayaka
- Sieve Analysis of Fine AggregateUploaded byMuhammad Aimi
- Experiment- Determination of Unit Weight and Voids of Aggregares 2Uploaded byschoffil
- Specific Gravity and Absorption of Coarse and Fine AggregatesUploaded byAlexandr Ignatenco
- Tensile Strength of Reinforcement Steel Bar.pdfUploaded byMayolites
- Sieve Analysis of AggregatesUploaded bySelva
- Bulk Density and Specific GravityUploaded byGranita Muhaxheri
- Specific Gravity of Coarse AggregatesUploaded byMayolites
- Normal Consistency of CementUploaded byAndrea Mae Sanchez
- Setting Time - Vicat Needle ASTM C 191Uploaded byalex_g00dy
- E301 Compiled.pdfUploaded byOliver Quiambao
- TEST ON AGGREGATESUploaded byRuthra Manickam
- Permeability Test for Granular SoilsUploaded byGrace Odiamar
- Sieve Analysis of Fine and Course AggregatesUploaded byPablo Gomes
- Compressive Strength TestUploaded byKushal Dagli
- E406 MapuaUploaded byRonelle Maglayo
- Wet Preparation of Disturbed Soil SamplesUploaded byKEN KEN
- FW1Uploaded byRam Ramirez
- Lab Report Sieve AnalysisUploaded bybennyb16368
- FIELD WORK NO. 5 DIFFERENTIAL LEVELING WITH AND WITHOUT TURNING POINTS.pdfUploaded byJawahir Gomez
- Properties of Philippine Woods & TimberUploaded byEngr'Shemaiah Jimenez
- Fieldwork 1 CE121Uploaded byJonas Cayanan
- Fineness of CementUploaded bydkchaudhari11

- APA_styleUploaded bynurul_husna_103
- Shoring and Types of ShoringUploaded byMayolites
- Design of Wall FootingUploaded byMayolites
- Problem Set in MathematicsUploaded byMayolites
- The 20 Cases - Cases involving ethical issues in Civil Engineering ProfessionUploaded byMayolites
- Math Set 2Uploaded byMayolites
- Staad.Pro V8iUploaded byMayolites
- SpecificationUploaded byMayolites
- Water HammerUploaded byMarcelo Favio Palacios Solórzano
- Introduction to Soil Mechanics Lecture.pdfUploaded byMayolites
- Introduction to Soil Mechanics Lecture.pdfUploaded byMayolites
- Introduction to Water Resources EngineeringUploaded byMayolites
- Design of Wall FootingUploaded byMayolites
- Tensile Strength of Reinforcement Steel Bar.pdfUploaded byMayolites
- Specific Gravity of Coarse AggregatesUploaded byMayolites

- Fine Aggregate Specific GravityUploaded bykumarchem
- Conc Mix OptUploaded byfree4bruce
- aggregate.pdfUploaded byalaajabbar
- Bond Strength of Recycled AggregtesUploaded bysalmantop1
- The Role of Aggregate in Concrete Countertop Mix FormulasUploaded byAndrei Burnete
- Uniformity Test of ConcreteUploaded byrajam1997
- Eia Report Finland Memo Spreading of Sediment and Contaminants During Works in the Seabed Memo 43a 5 20080901Uploaded byruzbeh44
- Dynamic Poisson's Ratio of Portland CementUploaded byJelena Marković
- Homework 3Uploaded byChâu Tú
- CARBON BLACK FUNDAMENTALS 041206Uploaded bygems_gce074325
- Feasibility Study on Lightweight Aggregates in Concrete - A ReviewUploaded byInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- concrete_technology_practical.pdfUploaded byPrashant Sah
- Concrete Mix DesignUploaded bySilver Olguín Camacho
- 1450-569X0920028OUploaded byRus Jouana
- Durability of ConcreteUploaded byS Praveenkumar
- Strength and Durability Characteristics of Copper Tailing ConcreteUploaded byJorge Osorio
- Hot Mix Bituminius Paving Manual 014716Uploaded byCarlos Silva
- 120Uploaded bykaadal12
- Hand Book for ConstructionUploaded byAnkit Mishra
- Calculate cement sand and aggregate _ Nominal Mix Concrete -.pdfUploaded byMadhu Paudel
- Project PresentationUploaded bySAB
- 06Structure of Hardened ConcreteUploaded bysonofalexander
- Some chacarteristics of high strength fiber reinforced lightweight aggregate concreteUploaded byJenny Magaly Pira Ruíz
- Aashto t19-Bulk Density(Unit Weight)Uploaded byMarc Anthony de Villa
- Review on Self Curing ConcreteUploaded byIRJET Journal
- ASTMUploaded byLuis Gerardo Cruz
- Consistency of Standard Cement PasteUploaded byLakshay Singhal
- 940Uploaded bySantosh Kumar Das
- Compression Response of Normal and High Strength Pervious Concrete 2016 Construction and Building MaterialsUploaded byNoéMestas
- Lab Report U5 (Vicat Test).pdfUploaded byEiyra Nadia