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W EL D IN G IN T O O L M A K IN G

A guideline f or welding of cold work st eels, hot work st eels, high speed st eels,
plast ic mould st eels including PM st eels
W EL D IN G IN
T O O L M A K IN G
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M A T ER IA L S IN T O O L M A K IN G
I nt roduct ion
Tool s of t en need t o be wel ded. Thi s i s especi al l y t rue f or expensi ve t ool s such
as di e-cast i ng di es, l arge f orgi ng di es, pl ast i c moul ds, car body di es and cut -
t i ng and f ormi ng t ool s where repai r and adj ust ment vi a wel di ng i s a hi ghl y
cost - at t ract i ve and economi c al t ernat i ve t o t he expense of produci ng new
t ool s. Wel di ng of t ool s may be requi red f or t he f ol l owi ng reasons:
Ref urbi shment and repai r of cracked or worn t ool s
Renovat i on of worn or chi pped cut t i ng edges, e.g. on cut t i ng t ool s
Adj ust ment of machi ni ng errors
Desi gn changes.
The w el dabi l i t y of st eel s w i t h hi gh carbon cont ent i s usual l y consi dered
t o be poor. Tool st eel s w i t h 0.3 2.5% carbon are di f f i cul t t o w el d due,
f or i nst ance, t o t hei r al l oyi ng el ement s. The mai n probl em i n w el di ng t ool
st eel st ems f rom i t s hi gh hardenabi l i t y. Thermal st resses concurrent w i t h
mi crost ruct ure t ransf ormat i on occur duri ng t he cool i ng of t he w el d. Thi s
t ransf ormat i on may generat e cracks i n t he wel ded area. Such reduct i ons i n
t he wel ds propert i es shoul d be avoi ded i f wel ds are t o compl y wi t h qual i t y
requi rement s.
Thi s brochure mai nl y gi ves t echnol ogi cal di rect i ons on w el di ng equi pment ,
w el di ng consumabl es, w el di ng t echni que, heat t reat ment and subsequent
t hermal t reat ment s t hat are requi red i n order t o wel d t ool st eel s and pl ast i c
moul d st eel s successf ul l y. We al so gi ve wel di ng recommendat i ons concerni ng
mat eri al s i n connect i on wi t h UTP wel d consumabl es f or t he perf ormance of
repai r wel ds and adj ust ment s i n t ool maki ng.
Cont ent s
I nt roduct ion 3
M at erials in t ool making 3
Welding met hods in t ool making 4
Welding met hods used 5
Manual arc wel di ng
TIG wel di ng
MIG/ MAG wel di ng and f l ux cored arc wel di ng
Welding guidelines in t ool making 8
A sel ect i on of wel d consumabl es
Preparat i on pri or t o wel di ng
Worki ng t emperat ure bef ore and duri ng wel di ng
How t o perf orm t he wel di ng
Heat t reat ment af t er wel di ng
Pract ice orient ed welding t est wit h various 14
dif f erent BHLER High Perf ormance st eels
Welding recommendat ions concerning mat erials 17
Welding of cold work st eels and high speed st eels 18
Welding of hot work st eels 20
Welding of plast ic mould st eels 22
Thi s brochure was wri t t en i n cooperat i on
wi t h UTP Schwei mat eri al GmbH.
UTP Schweimat erial GmbH
El ssser St rae 10
D-79189 Bad Krozi ngen
Phone: + 49 - (0) 7633 - 409 - 01
Fax: + 49 - (0) 7633 - 409 - 222
W EL D IN G IN
T O O L M A K IN G
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Tool st eels are ferrous mat erials which are suit able for hardening. Hardening
mechani sms general l y st em f rom t ransf ormat i on hardeni ng i .e. mart ensi t e
format ion and part ly from precipit at ion hardening by t he format ion of carbides
and nit rides. Cooling rat e required t o achieve a specific hardness is shown in
t ime-t emperat ure-t ransformat ion graphs. Tool st eels have high hardness, high
wear resist ance and t oughness which all comply wit h t heir specific applicat ion.
Tool maki ng mai nl y uses t ool st eel s w hi ch can be di vi ded i nt o col d w ork
st eel s, hot work st eel s, hi gh speed st eel s and pl ast i c moul d st eel s accordi ng
t o DIN EN ISO 4957:1999.
Tool st eels
Col d work st eel s are unal l oyed or al l oyed st eel s used i n appl i cat i ons wi t h a
general surf ace t emperat ure bel ow approxi mat el y 200 C.
Hot work st eel s are al l oyed st eel s f or appl i cat i ons wi t h a general t ool surf ace
t emperat ure above 200 C when i n servi ce.
Hi gh speed st eel s have t he hi ghest hot hardness and t emperi ng resi st ance
due t o t hei r chemi cal composi t i on and are, t heref ore, used at t emperat ures
up t o 600 C (t hey are mai nl y used i n machi ni ng and f ormi ng).
Pl ast i c moul d st eel s are used i n t he manuf act uri ng of f ormi ng and shapi ng
t ool s i n pl ast i c processi ng. The pref erred st eel s here are unal l oyed st eel s,
case-hardened st eel s or t ool st eel s. Pl ast i c moul d st eel s excel i n t w o cat e-
gori es: They ensure t he hi ghest st eel qual i t y and t hei r st eel propert i es can
be adj ust ed i ndi vi dual l y and i deal l y t o t he di f f erent requi rement s of t he t ool
and t he pl ast i c product i n quest i on. Pl ast i c moul d st eel s sat i sf y t he hi ghest
requi rement s as regards degree of puri t y, pol i shabi l i t y, uni f orm hardness
and mi crost ruct ure, w ear resi st ance, t emperat ure resi st ance, machi nabi l i t y,
t oughness and hardness and not t o f orget t hermal conduct i vi t y and corrosi on
resi st ance.
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W EL D IN G M ET H O D S IN T O O L M A K IN G
More t hen 50 di f f erent el ect rodes are avai l abl e f or t he repai r of t ool s. Rut i l e
(Ti -oxi de) el ect rodes or basi c coat ed el ect rodes are made use of dependi ng
on t he requi rement s.
Rut i l e coat ed el ect rodes have a st abl e and sof t spray arc and enabl e wel di ng
wi t h l ow amperage. The resul t i ng even wel di ng bead i s i deal f or t he wel di ng
of cut t i ng edges. The sl ag comes of f on i t s ow n. Mechani cal w el d qual i t y
ranges f rom good t o very good. But not e t hat t he mechani cal wel d qual i t y
wi l l not reach t hat of a basi c coat ed el ect rode.
Welding met hods used
M anual arc welding
An elect ric arc is st ruck bet ween a coat ed elect rode and t he workpiece. Cont a-
minat ion by air during t he t ransfer of molt en drops from elect rode t o workpiece
in t he weld pool, and during solidificat ion of t he weld pool, is inhibit ed by slag
and by inert gas creat ed during melt ing of t he elect rode. The composit ion of t he
weld met al deposit is cont rolled via t he composit ion of t he consumables in t he
bead wire and in t he elect rode coat ing.
For manual el ect ri c arc wel di ng, i t i s possi bl e t o use ei t her an AC or a DC
generat or. However, whi ch ever i s used, t he generat or must provi de a vol t age
and current whi ch i s compat i bl e wi t h t he chosen el ect rode.
Basi c coat ed el ect rodes have a more i nt ense arc, st ronger arci ng and hi gher
coat i ng. Wel ds do not appear as f i nel y f l aked as wi t h rut i l e coat ed el ect rodes.
The sl ag needs not be removed at mul t i -run wel di ng, whi ch i s an advant age
when l arger wel di ng j obs are perf ormed. Wel d met al deposi t havi ng superi or
t oughness can achi eve hydrogen cont ent s of < 5 ppm.
Procedure of manual arc welding
Transf ormer
Wel di ng t ransducer
Wel di ng t ransf ormer
Wel di ng commut at or
VDE 0544 (EN 60974)
}
Work part connect i on
(because of wi nd
adj ust abl e i n posi t i on)
El ect ri c arc
(st andardi zed worki ng vol t age)
Secondary i nduct or Rod hol der
VDE 0544-201
Wel di ng rod
(EN 499)
W EL D IN G IN
T O O L M A K IN G
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TI G welding
In TIG wel di ng, t he arc i s i ni t i al l y st ruck by subj ect i ng t he t ungst en el ect rode
and t he w orkpi ece under an i nert - gas coat i ng (argon) t o a hi gh- f requency
vol t age. The resul t i ng i oni zat i on of t he gas bet ween el ect rode and workpi ece
means cont act i s unnecessary bet ween el ect rode and workpi ece.
TIG w el di ng can be perf ormed w i t h a regul ar el ect ri c arc w el di ng pow er
generat or provi ded i t i s compl ement ed wi t h a TIG cont rol uni t . The t ungst en
el ect rode i s al ways connect ed t o t he negat i ve t ermi nal of a DC generat or i n
order t o mi ni mi ze heat generat i on and t hereby any ri sk of mel t i ng t he el ec-
t rode. Wel di ng i s f aci l i t at ed i f t he current can be i ncreased progressi vel y f rom
zero t o t he opt i mum l evel . The uni t shoul d have a f oot sw i t ch w i t h w hi ch
current can be reduced and cont rol l ed exact l y. The i nert -gas shoul d be argon
wi t h a puri t y of 99.996 vol % .
The w el di ng rod, a necessary w el d consumabl e, i s moved i n t he arc at an
angl e and i s consumed duri ng wel di ng wi t hout any f l ow of current . Oxi dat i on
of t he wel d met al deposi t i s prevent ed by an i nert -gas coat i ng.
TIG wel di ng i s part i cul arl y appl i ed i n repai rs of smal l t ool s. It i s advant ageous
when compl i cat ed cut t i ng edges and di es are t o be repai red. If smal l t ung-
st en el ect rodes are used, heat can accumul at e bet t er. And wel d met al can be
deposi t ed bet t er wi t hout i nf l uenci ng t he basi c st eel t oo much as regards heat
and mi ni mi zi ng di st ort i on.
Procedure of TI G welding
Welding equipment and welding process
Prot ect i ve gas bot t l e wi t h pressure-reduci ng regul at or
and measurement f or amount of gas
Wel di ng current l i ne (wel di ng el ect rode)
Wel di ng current l i ne (work pi ece)
Power suppl y
Work pi ece cl amp
Wel di ng burner
Prot ect i ve gas hose
Wel di ng equi pment f or TIG-wel di ng consi st s of
current source wi t h prot ect i ve gas bot t l e
hoses
wel di ng burner
Addi t i onal an aut omat i cal auxi l i ary wi re f eedi ng can be i nst al l ed.
Tungst en
wel di ng rod
Cl amp sl eeve
and current l i ne
Prot ect i ve
gas casi ng
Wel di ng rod
Li qui d wel di ng met al
El ect ri c arc
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M I G/ M AG welding and f lux cored arc welding
An endl ess and most l y posi t i ve wi re el ect rode i s f ed vi a a wi re f eeder t o t he
arc and mel t ed under i nert -gas (MIG) or act i ve gas (MAG). The power source
has a f l at l oad curve and speci f i c wel di ng propert i es. Di f f erent arcs ban be
M IG/ M AG w el di ng i s w i del y used i n economi c w el di ng of l arge vol umes
of w el d met al i n t he met al processi ng i ndust ry. Typi cal appl i cat i ons i n t ool
maki ng are t he f ol l owi ng: armori ng of l arge sheari ng kni ves made of unal l o-
yed st eel s, f l ux cored wel di ng of f orgi ng di es or shapi ng t hereof and bui l d-up
wel di ng of rol l s.
Fl ux cored el ect rodes are si mpl e a met al t ube wi t h wel di ng powder. Fol l ow-
i ng t hei r f i l l ers, f l ux cored el ect rodes are di vi ded i nt o rut i l e, basi c and met al
f ormed by changi ng t he amperage of t he power source. The t abl e bel ow gi ves
an overvi ew of propert i es and i nf orms on appl i cat i ons of di f f erent arcs. In
general, wires of 1.2 mm or 1.6 mm are used.
powder el ect rodes. Gas-shi el ded f l ux cored wi res need an i nert -gas shi el di ng
havi ng t he same qual i t y t han sol i d core el ect rodes. Sel f -prot ect i ve f l ux cored
el ect rodes have a core wi t h a hi gh cont ent of gas-f ormi ng subst ances (MF
procedure). A f ree wi ret ai l of at l east 20 mm i s necessary so t hat a suf f i ci ent
amount of shi el di ng gas can generat e. Thi s MF procedure i s a bi g advant age
at const ruct i on si t es because no speci al shi el di ng i s needed i n wel di ng. Such
wi res are more f requent l y made use of i n bui l d-up wel di ng.
Procedure of M I G/ M AG welding
Elect ric arcs in convent ional M I G/ M AG welding
Elect ric arc Applicat ion M at erial t ransit ion Spat t ering Remarks
MIG/ MAG di p-t ransf er arc
MIG/ MAG i nt ermedi at e arc
MIG/ MAG spray arc
MAG l ong arc
MIG/ MAG i mpul se arc
t hi n sheet s, out -of -posi t i on
wel ds, root wel di ng
medi um sheet t hi ckness,
out -of -posi t i on wel ds
medi um and hi gh sheet
t hi ckness i n posi t i on PA, PB
medi um and hi gh sheet
t hi ckness i n posi t i on PA, PB
l arge worki ng area
i n short ci rcui t , wi t h t hi ck dropl et s
mat eri al t ransi t i on
part l y i n short ci rcui t
mat erial t ransit ion wit h t hin droplet s
and wi t hout any short ci rcui t s
mat eri al t ransi t i on
part l y i n short ci rcui t
wi t hout short eni ng, 1 dropl et
per i mpul se
l ow, wi t h appropri at e
power source
part l y spat t er-prone
on workpi ece
l ow
part l y spat t er-prone
on workpi ece
very l ow
l ow heat i nput , l ow mel t i ng
deposi t i on rat e
medi um rat e
hi gh mel t i ng deposi t i on rat e
hi gh mel t i ng deposi t i on rat e
hi gher heat i nput t han i n
di p-t ransf er arc
W EL D IN G M ET H O D S IN T O O L M A K IN G
1. Wel di ng current source wi t h power suppl y wel di ng l i ne
2. Wi re el ect rode f eedi ng wi t h wi re coi l and wi re f eedi ng
equi pment
3. Prot ect i ve gas f eedi ng wi t h measurement f or
ammount of prot ect i ve gas
4. Cont rol uni t
5. Hoses wi t h wel di ng burner
The MIG/ MAG wel di ng equi pment consi st s of :
W EL D IN G IN
T O O L M A K IN G
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Preparat ion prior t o welding
The i mport ance of caref ul preparat i on pri or t o wel di ng of t ool s can not be
over-emphasi zed. Fi rst of al l det ermi ne whet her a workpi ece i s sui t abl e f or
wel di ng. It i s necessary t o know whet her t he workpi ece i s i n a sof t anneal ed
or heat - t reat ed (hardened and t hen t empered) condi t i on. Not e t hat t ool s
whi ch are hardened by quenchi ng and di d not have any f urt her t hermal t reat -
ment af t er t hat (i .e. no t emperi ng) cannot be wel ded at al l .
Furt hermore, t ool s shoul d not have any cracks. Non-dest ruct i ve dye penet rant
t est s are of t en perf ormed i n t hi s case. Cracks shoul d be ground out properl y
so t hat t he j oi nt bot t om i s rounded of f and t he j oi nt sl ope i s at an angl e of at
l east 30 t o t he vert i cal . The wi dt h of t he j oi nt bot t om shoul d be at l east 1
mm great er t han t he maxi mum el ect rode di amet er whi ch wi l l be used.
Erosi on or heat -checki ng damage on hot work t ool s shoul d be ground down
t o st eel f ree f rom any def ect s. Pri or t o st art i ng w el di ng, t he ground areas
shoul d be checked wi t h f l uorescent penet rant t o make sure al l def ect s have
been removed.
Then properl y cl ean t he area t o be wel ded and i t s surroundi ng surf ace. Make
sure t hat t here are no penet rant , oi l or f at t y resi dues l ef t . If t he workpi ece i s
not properl y cl eaned i t may be suscept i bl e t o cracki ng duri ng or af t er wel di ng
due t o hydrogen embri t t l ement . Hydrogen embri t t l ement i s caused by t he
i ngress of hydrogen duri ng wel di ng and by sol i di f i cat i on of a t ypi cal hi gh har-
dened mart ensi t i c and bai ni t i c mi crost ruct ure i n t he heat -af f ect ed zone and i n
t he wel d met al deposi t .
Wrong! Wrong! Correct !
Joint preparat ion f or welding of t ools
A select ion of weld consumables
Hi gh-qual i t y wel d consumabl es are vi t al i n t ool maki ng, si nce wel ds i n t ool
appl i cat i ons need t o have di f f erent propert i es such as hardness, t oughness,
wear resi st ance, t emper resi st ance, heat -checki ng resi st ance and oxi dat i on.
The chemi cal composi t i on of a wel d deposi t i s det ermi ned by t he composi t i on
of t he wel d consumabl e, t he base st eel composi t i on and t he ext ent t o whi ch
t he base mat eri al i s mel t ed duri ng wel di ng. Si nce t ool st eel wel ds have hi gh
hardness, t hey are part i cul arl y suscept i bl e t o cracki ng w hi ch may ori gi nat e
as sl ag part i cl es or pores. Hence, t he consumabl e used shoul d be capabl e of
produci ng a hi gh-qual i t y wel d f ree f rom any non-met al l i c i ncl usi ons, porosi t y
and cracks.
In general , t he wel di ng consumabl e used f or t ool st eel s shoul d be si mi l ar i n
composi t i on t o t he base mat eri al . When wel di ng i n t he anneal ed condi t i on,
e.g. i f a moul d or di e has t o be adj ust ed whi l e i n t he process of manuf act ure,
i t i s vi t al t hat t he consumabl e has t he same heat t reat ment charact eri st i cs as
t he base st eel , ot herwi se t he wel ded area i n t he f i ni shed t ool wi l l have di f -
f erent hardness. Large composi t i onal di f f erences are al so associ at ed wi t h an
i ncreased cracki ng ri sk i n connect i on wi t h hardeni ng. TIG wel di ng rods and
MIG/ MAG f i l l er rods w hi ch are normal l y produced f rom el ect ro-sl ag remel -
t ed st ock wi l l compl y wi t h t he correspondi ng t ool st eel grades. For manual
w el di ng, basi c el ect rodes are used, w hi ch are superi or t o rut i l e el ect rodes
as regards wel d cl eanl i ness. Anot her advant age wi t h basi c el ect rodes i s t hat
t hey gi ve a much l ower hydrogen cont ent i n t he wel d met al .
9
The t ool shoul d be wel ded i mmedi at el y af t er j oi nt preparat i on and cl eani ng
are f i ni shed, because ot herwi se t here i s a ri sk of cont ami nat i on of t he j oi nt
surf aces w i t h dust , di rt or moi st ure. Besi des t he proper cl eani ng of t he
w el di ng area make sure t he hydrogen i ngress i s reduced duri ng w el di ng
and hence hydrogen embri t t l ement by al ways st ori ng coat ed el ect rodes i n
a heat ed dry cabi net or heat ed cont ai ner once t he pack has been opened.
For wel di ng out si de t he wel di ng bay, i t wi l l al so be f ound usef ul t o have a
port abl e heat ed cont ai ner i n whi ch t he el ect rodes can be carri ed. It i s recom-
mended t o re-dry moi st ened el ect rodes (Ask f or more i nf ormat i on at UTP i n
Bad Krozi ngen, Germany.).
Working t emperat ure bef ore and during welding
Addi t i onal measures need t o be t aken at room t emperat ures bel ow + 5 C:
Cover al l component s, heat areas ext ensi vel y, preheat part i cul arl y when wel -
di ng at rel at i vel y l ow heat i nput (energy i nput per uni t l engt h) such as wi t h
t hi n f i l l et wel ds or el se at rapi d heat removal such as wi t h t hi ck-wal l ed com-
ponent s. It i s general l y necessary t o preheat t he st eel s bef ore any wel di ng
can be at t empt ed. Thi s necessi t y and t he preheat i ng t emperat ure depend on
several f act ors (compl exi t y of component s, wel di ng met hod used, room t em-
perat ure). Such f act ors are gi ven i n t he t abl e bel ow.
Pl ease not e preheat i ng and f i l l er recommended by t ool manuf act urers when
you perf orm t ool repai rs. Mat eri al s havi ng a hi gh chromi um and t ungst en
cont ent shoul d be preheat ed sl ow l y i n order t o avoi d cracks deri ved f rom
st resses caused by l ow heat conduct i vi t y.
The basi c reason f or wel di ng t ool st eel s at el evat ed t emperat ure deri ves f rom
t he hi gh hardenabi l i t y and, t heref ore, crack sensi t i vi t y of wel d deposi t s and
heat -af f ect ed zones. Wel di ng of a col d t ool w i l l cause rapi d cool i ng of t he
w el d met al and heat - af f ect ed zone. The resul t i ng t ransf ormat i on t o bri t t l e
mart ensi t e l eads t o a hi gher ri sk f or cracki ng. Cracks f ormed i n t he w el d
coul d wel l propagat e t hrough t he ent i re t ool i f t hi s i s col d. Duri ng mul t i -run
w el di ng of a properl y preheat ed t ool at t he correct t emperat ure, most of
t he wel d wi l l remai n aust eni t i c under t he ent i re wel di ng operat i on and wi l l
t ransf orm sl owl y as t he t ool cool s down. Thi s ensures a uni f orm hardness and
mi crost ruct ure over t he whol e wel d.
Hence, t he moul d or t ool shoul d duri ng w el di ng be mai nt ai ned at 50
100 C above t he MS-t emperat ure (aust eni t e-mart ensi t e-st art t emperat ure)
f or t he st eel i n quest i on; not e t hat , st ri ct l y speaki ng, t he cri t i cal t emperat ure
i s t he MS of t he wel d met al , whi ch may not be t he same as t hat of t he base
met al . In some i nst ances, i t may be t hat t he base st eel i s f ul l y hardened and
has been t empered at a t emperat ure bel ow t he MS-t emperat ure. Hence, pre-
heat i ng t he t ool f or wel di ng wi l l cause a drop i n hardness. For exampl e, t hi s
i s t rue f or most l ow-t emperat ure t empered col d work st eel s (ca. 200 C). The
hardness drop must be accept ed i n order t o perf orm a proper preheat i ng and
mi t i gat e t he ri sk f or cracki ng duri ng wel di ng.
The ent i re wel di ng operat i on shoul d be compl et ed whi l e t he t ool i s hot . Part i -
al l y wel di ng, l et t i ng t he t ool cool down and t hen preheat i ng l at er on t o f i ni sh
t he j ob i s not t o be recommended because t here i s consi derabl e ri sk t hat t he
t ool wi l l crack. Mi ni mum preheat i ng t emperat ure corresponds wi t h f i l l er runs
t emperat ure and i t must not drop bel ow i t duri ng t he ent i re wel di ng j ob. It
must be hi gher t han t he t emperat ure of mart ensi t e f ormi ng (see mart ensi t e
l i ne i n t i me-t emperat ure-t ransf ormat i on graph).
I nf luences on preheat ing t emperat ure
Preheat ing
t emperat ure is being
decreased
I nf luences on
preheat ing
Preheat ing
t emperat ure is being
increased
smal l
but t j oi nt s, t hi ck
(mul t i -run) wel ds
hi gh
hi gh
l ow
workpi ece or compo-
nent t hi ckness, heat
removal , st i f f ness, i n-
t ernal st ress condi t i on
j oi nt t ype, wel d shape
and si ze
room or workpi ece
t emperat ure
heat i nput (energy
i nput per uni t l engt h)
duri ng wel di ng
hydrogen cont ent of
wel d met al (t ype and
re-dryi ng of wel d con-
sumabl es)
bi g
T-j oi nt s, t hi n
(one l ayer) wel ds
l ow
l ow
hi gh
W EL D IN G G U ID EL IN ES IN T O O L M A K IN G
W EL D IN G IN
T O O L M A K IN G
10
Preheat i ng and heat ret ai ni ng t abl e f or wel di ng of t ool s Manual arc wel di ng and coveri ng of component s
In t he event t hat cut t i ng t ool s are bei ng repai red not e t hat damaged areas
need t o be cl eaned f i rst . Then t hey need t o be preheat ed t o approxi mat el y
150 C. Such preheat ing is suf f icant f or small def ect s or cracks which do not
af f ect t he base st eel. If larger def ect s need t o be repaired a preheat ing t em-
perat ure of about 450 600 C i s requi red. Chromi um-mol ybdenum st eel s
should be preheat ed t o 400 C when build-up welding is perf ormed, NiCrMo
st eels require preheat ing t o 300 C.
Preheat ing can be done in annealing unit s and also via mobile heat ers such
as gas burners or elect rical induct ion or resist ance heat ers. It is a prerequisit e
t hat all prescribed or desired preheat ing and f iller runs t emperat ures shall be
maint ained at a const ant level and be cont rolled during t he ent ire welding job.
This can be done by means of appropriat e devices or aids such as mount ed
t hermomet ers, t emperat ure sensors or color changing pens. A preheat ing and
heat ret aining t able supplied f rom a current -regulat ed DC source also enables
t he t ool t o be heat ed at a uni f orm and cont rol l ed rat e. In order t o possi bl y
minimize t he cooling rat e of preheat ed component s, it is absolut ely necessary
t o cover all component s during t he welding job. For minor repairs and adjust -
ment s, it is accept able t hat t he t ool be preheat ed using a propane t orch. In
t his case use a t orch which produces a sof t but not smoking f lame avoiding
t he risk of cont aminat ion in t he welding area. Avoid local over-heat ing.
While it is f easible t o preheat t ools in a f urnace, t here is t he possibilit y t hat t he
f ollowing f our problems arise:
The t emperat ure in t he f urnace is not necessarily even
(t his may creat e st resses);
Slow preheat ing in t he f urnace can heat t he ent ire t ool (up t o it s core)
t o t he prescribed preheat ing t emperat ure.
Af t er removing of t he workpiece f rom t he f urnace prot ect it f rom cooling
down by t aking appropriat e measures.
The t emperat ure may drop excessively bef ore welding is complet ed
(especially if t he t ool is small). The t ool needs t o be preheat ed again.
11
How t o perf orm t he welding
It i s part i cul arl y i mport ant duri ng cri t i cal wel di ng operat i ons, of t he t ype per-
f ormed wi t h t ool st eel , t hat t he wel der enj oys a comf ort abl e worki ng posi t i on.
Hence, t he workbench shoul d be st abl e, of t he correct hei ght and suf f i ci ent l y
l evel t hat t he work t o be wel ded can be posi t i oned securel y and accurat el y. It
i s advant ageous i f t he workbench i s rot at abl e and vert i cal l y adj ust abl e.
In wel di ng of t ool st eel s i t i s equal l y necessary t o preheat , and t o provi de f or
f i l l er runs, t emperat ure as wel l as t o cont rol heat i nput or energy i nput per
uni t l engt h. Too hi gh a heat i nput resul t s i n a possi bl e def ormat i on and hi g-
her i nt ernal st resses af t er wel di ng i s compl et ed and al so i n a t oo l ow cool i ng
rat e, hence ri sk of undesi red grai n grow t h or grai n coarseni ng i n t he w el d
met al deposi t .
In general , w el di ng i s per f or med under mi ni mum ener gy i nput per uni t
l engt h. Be aware of t he correct set t i ng of al l wel di ng paramet ers t o ensure
appropri at e heat i nput and of usi ng mul t i - run w el di ng w i t h component s
of hi gher t hi ckness. It i s advant ageous t o make use of a smal l er el ect rode
di amet er w hi ch reduces t he overal l heat i nput . In manual arc w el di ng, t he
f i rst l ayer shoul d be made wi t h smal l er di amet er el ect rodes (max. 3.25 mm
). In TIG w el di ng, do not use amperage exceedi ng 120 A. Al l subsequent
l ayers are made upon al ready exi st i ng wel d met al . The second l ayer i s made
wi t h t he same el ect rode di amet er and current as t he f i rst l ayer i n order t hat
t he heat -af f ect ed zone i s not t oo ext ensi ve. The i dea here i s t hat any hard,
bri t t l e mi crost ruct ures, w hi ch may f orm i n t he base- mat eri al heat - af f ect ed
zone of t he f i rst l ayer, wi l l be t empered by t he heat f rom t he second l ayer and
t he propensi t y t o cracki ng wi l l t hereby be reduced. Fi l l er l ayers can be wel ded
wi t h a hi gher current and l arger-di amet er el ect rodes. The f i nal runs shoul d be
bui l t up at l east 1.5 t o 2 mm above t he surf ace of t he t ool i n order t o be abl e
t o t reat t hem mechani cal l y and gri nd t hem. Even smal l wel ds shoul d compri se
a mi ni mum of t wo runs.
General l y t ool st eel s are used at hi gh hardness, so i t i s advi sabl e t o use
a sof t el ect rode f or t he i ni t i al l ayers and f i ni sh w i t h a hard el ect rode. Thi s
procedure wi l l produce a t ougher wel d t han i f t he harder el ect rode had been
used t hroughout . Tool st eel s whi ch are sensi t i ve t o cracki ng are wel ded wi t h
short st ri nger beads. El ect rodes wi t h smal l er di amet ers are used i n order t o
prevent st ress cracki ng caused by cont ract i on. Duri ng wel di ng, t he arc shoul d
be short and t he beads deposi t ed i n di st i nct runs. The el ect rode shoul d be
angl ed at 90 t o t he j oi nt si des so as t o mi ni mi ze undercut . In addi t i on, t he
el ect rode shoul d be hel d at an angl e of 75 80 t o t he di rect i on of f orward
movement .
The arc should always be st ruck in t he joint and not on any t ool surfaces. The
posit ion of t he first st rike of t he arc (sore) is a likely locat ion for crack init iat ion.
In order t o avoid pores, t he st art ing sore should be melt ed up complet ely at t he
beginning of welding. If a rest art is made wit h manual arc welding, t he t ip of a
part ly used elect rode should be cleaned free from slag; t his assist s st riking t he
arc and at t he same t ime a pot ent ial source of porosit y is eliminat ed.
W EL D IN G G U ID EL IN ES IN T O O L M A K IN G
Welding sequence at mult i-run welding
Filler layers First layer Second layer
W EL D IN G IN
T O O L M A K IN G
12 12
Support plat e when building up corners and edges
Space
f or slag
Support
plat e
Elect rode
Building up cut t ing edges wit h low and high cut t ing pressure
Low cut t ing pressure
(Cambered cut t i ng)
High cut t ing pressure
(Cut wi t h rounded of f
corners and edges)
In bui l di ng up edges or corners, bot h t i me and wel di ng consumabl es can be
saved by usi ng a pi ece of copper pl at e or graphi t e as support f or t he wel d
met al . Usi ng such support al so means t hat t he mol t en wel d deposi t i s hot t er
w hi ch reduces t he ri sk f or pore f ormat i on. Low current s need t o be used
w hen bui l di ng up sharp edges or corners. If copper or graphi t e support i s
used i n manual arc wel di ng, an ext ra 1.5 mm space must be al l owed bet -
ween t he support and t he requi red wel d surf ace because t he sl ag t akes up
a cert ai n amount of space. The di agram bel ow show s t he t ypi cal bui l d- up
of cut t i ng edges under l ow and hi gh cut t i ng pressure when wel d repai rs are
perf ormed on cut t i ng t ool s.
For repai r or adj ust ment of expensi ve t ool s, i t i s essent i al t hat t here i s good
cont act bet ween t he ret urn cabl e and t he t ool . Poor cont act gi ves probl ems
wi t h secondary arci ng and t he expensi ve surf ace can be damaged by arci ng
sores. Such t ool s shoul d be pl aced on a copper pl at e whi ch provi des f or t he
best possi bl e cont act . The copper pl at e must be preheat ed al ong w i t h t he
t ool . The compl et ed w el d shoul d i mmedi at el y be hammered and caref ul l y
cl eaned and i nspect ed pri or t o al l owi ng t he t ool t o cool down. Any def ect ,
such as arci ng sores or undercut , shoul d be deal t wi t h i mmedi at el y pri or t o
cool i ng down. Af t er t he t ool has cool ed, t he surf ace of t he wel d shoul d be
ground down al most t o t he l evel of t he surroundi ng t ool bef ore any f urt her
processi ng.
M oul ds w here w el ded areas have t o be pol i shed or phot o- et ched shoul d
have t he f i nal runs made usi ng TIG wel di ng, whi ch i s l ess l i kel y t o gi ve pores
or i ncl usi ons i n t he wel d met al .
13
Heat t reat ment af t er welding
Tool st eel s and pl ast i c moul d st eel s are f requent l y heat t reat ed af t er wel di ng
i s compl et ed i n order t o modi f y cert ai n propert i es. Thi s i s part i cul arl y t rue f or
l arge w el di ng j obs such as adj ust ment s i n shape. Dependi ng on t he i ni t i al
condi t i on of t he t ool , heat t reat ment s such as sof t anneal i ng, t emperi ng and
st ress rel i ef anneal i ng may be perf ormed. In order t o be abl e t o af f ect sat i sf -
act ory w el di ng w ork af t er t he heat t reat ment , t he f ol l ow i ng di rect i ons are
gi ven f or a f unct i onal heat t reat ment .
Sof t annealing
In most cases t he sof t anneal ed condi t i on i s most f unct i onal f or machi ni ng
and col d f ormi ng. The sof t anneal ed mi crost ruct ure i s t he most benef i ci al
mi crost ruct ure f or hardeni ng. Hence, i t i s advant ageous t o sof t anneal st eel s,
w hi ch w ere heat - t reat ed bef ore, pri or t o hardeni ng i f t hey shoul d be heat
t reat ed t o achi eve hi gher st rengt h. Tool s whi ch are wel ded t o accommodat e
desi gn changes or machi ni ng errors duri ng t ool maki ng, and w hi ch are i n
sof t anneal ed condi t i on, wi l l need t o be heat t reat ed af t er wel di ng. Si nce t he
wel d met al wi l l have hardened duri ng cool i ng f ol l owi ng wel di ng, i t i s hi ghl y
desi rabl e t o sof t anneal t he t ool pri or t o hardeni ng and t emperi ng of t he t ool .
The sof t anneal i ng cycl e used i s t hat recommended f or t he base st eel . The
wel ded area can t hen be machi ned and heat t reat ed as usual . However, even
i f t he t ool can be f i ni shed by merel y gri ndi ng t he wel d, sof t anneal i ng i s f i rst
recommended i n order t o mi t i gat e cracki ng duri ng heat t reat ment .
Tempering
Temperi ng gi ves hi gher t oughness of t he hardened component . Ful l y- har-
dened t ool s w hi ch are repai r w el ded shoul d i f possi bl e be t empered af t er
w el di ng. Temperi ng i mproves t he t oughness of t he w el d met al . Very smal l
wel ds can be appl i ed wi t hout t emperi ng t he t ool . The t emperi ng t emperat ure
shoul d be chosen speci f i cal l y t hat t he hardness of wel d met al and base st eel
are compat i bl e. Onl y w hen t he w el d met al exhi bi t s appreci abl y i mproved
t emper resi st ance over t he base mat eri al shoul d t he wel d be t empered at t he
hi ghest possi bl e t emperat ure. In t hi s case a t ypi cal t emperi ng t emperat ure i s
t o be det ermi ned whi ch i s 20C under t he previ ous t emperi ng t emperat ure of
t he base st eel .
Heat sl ow l y t o achi eve t emperi ng t emperat ure. Hol di ng t i me i n t he t empe-
ri ng f urnace shoul d, al l i n al l , be 1 hour per each 20 mm wal l t hi ckness and
2 hours at a mi ni mum. Then l et t he t ool cool down exposed t o t he ai r. It i s
advi sabl e t o t emper t wi ce i n order t o equal l y t emper mart ensi t e whi ch was
f ormed f rom remai ni ng aust eni t e af t er i t had f i rst cool ed f rom t emperi ng
t emperat ure.
St ress relief annealing
St ress rel i ef anneal i ng i s somet i mes carri ed out af t er wel di ng i n order t o red-
uce i nt ernal st resses. There are t hree causes of st ressed wel ds:
Cont ract i on duri ng sol i di f i cat i on of t he mol t en wel d met al ;
Temperat ure di f f erences bet ween wel d, heat -af f ect ed zone and base st eel ;
Transf ormat i on st resses when t he wel d and heat -af f ect ed zone harden
duri ng cool i ng.
In general , t he st ress l evel i n t he vi ci ni t y of t he wel d wi l l reach t he magni t ude
of t he yi el d st ress of t he base st eel . Bi gger, i rregul ar adj ust ment s i n shape
af t er w el di ng may be caused by t he st resses al t oget her. It i s very di f f i cul t
t o do anyt hi ng about t hese hi gh st resses but t he si t uat i on can be i mproved
somewhat vi a proper wel d desi gn, wel di ng wi t h mi ni mum energy i nput per
uni t l engt h, consi st ent l y usi ng st ri nger bead met hod, avoi dance of excessi ve
wel ds and sequence of wel ds.
Very l arge w el ds or t hose w hi ch are ext remel y out of posi t i on def i ni t el y
need t o be st ress rel i ef anneal ed. Tool st eel s whi ch are heat -t reat ed bef ore
shoul d be anneal ed pr i or t o t hei r f i nal mechani cal t r eat ment at 5 5 0
650 C f or 1 t o 2 hours si nce no ot her heat t reat ment i s perf ormed af t er
wel di ng. St resses wi l l be al l evi at ed, hence l i mi t i ng expensi ve t reat ment af t er
t hat on t he f i ni shed t ool . St ress rel i ef anneal i ng shal l be perf ormed i n t he
f ol l owi ng way: Heat t he component sl owl y and uni f orml y t o t he prescri bed
t emperat ure. Hol di ng t i me f or t hese areas shoul d, al l i n al l , be 2 mi nut es per
each mm wal l t hi ckness and 30 mi nut es at a mi ni mum. Then l et t he t ool cool
down exposed t o i nact i ve ai r. It i s advi sabl e not t o exceed hol di ng t i me above
150 mi nut es wi t h t hi ck-wal l ed component s.
If w el ds are t empered or sof t anneal ed, t hen st ress rel i ef anneal i ng i s not
normal l y necessary. Very smal l wel d repai rs or adj ust ment s wi l l normal l y not
requi re a st ress rel i ef anneal i ng ei t her.
W EL D IN G G U ID EL IN ES IN T O O L M A K IN G
W EL D IN G IN
T O O L M A K IN G
14
F R O M P R A C T IC A L
EX P ER IEN C E
Examinat ion if BHLER K340 I SODUR produced f rom elect ro-slag
remel t ed st ock and BHLER K3 9 0 M I CROCLEAN produced f rom
powder met allurgy are suit able f or welding.
In a pract i cal t est , bui l d- up w el di ng was perf ormed on t he BHLER grade
K340 ISODUR (el ect ro-sl ag remel t ed 8% Cr col d w ork st eel w i t h opt i mum
t oughness) and t he BHLER K390 M ICROCLEAN cut t i ng edges produced
f rom powder met al l urgy. The st eel s i n quest i on were hardened and t empered
t o achi eve a hardness of 61 HRC w hi ch i s t ypi cal of t hei r appl i cat i on. The
edges of t he t est pl at es were chamf ered over a wi dt h of 5 mm at an angl e of
45 f or a mul t i -run bui l di ng up of edges.
Two si des were bui l t up on each pl at e by manual arc wel di ng usi ng a UTP
rod-l i ke el ect rode. Rod-l i ke el ect rodes of t he t ype UTP 73 G2 and UTP 690
were used. Wel di ng was perf ormed wi t h rod-l i ke el ect rodes wi t h a di amet er
of 2.5 mm wi t h 50A. The pl at es were preheat ed i n t he f urnace t o 600 C.
Duri ng w el di ng, t he t emperat ure was mai nt ai ned at a t emperat ure of 550
t o 600 C on a heat ret ai ni ng t abl e. In addi t i on, t he t est pl at es were covered
wi t h al umi num f oi l t o avoi d heat l oss.
Af t er t he wel di ng was compl et ed, t he wel d was hammered, produci ng com-
pressi ve st resses w hi ch count eract sensi t i vi t y t o cracki ng. Then t he f urnace
was cool ed sl ow l y i n order t o keep i nt ernal st resses at a l ow l evel . Subse-
quent l y, t he cut t i ng edge was abraded manual l y on one si de, f ol l owed by a
surf ace crack t est (dye penet rant t est ). Thi s t est di d not come up w i t h any
cracks i n bot h mat eri al s and bot h wel di ng el ect rodes used.
Fi nal l y t he hardness prof i l e was det ermi ned i n t he wel d met al (named SG
i n t he pi ct ures), i n t he t ransi t i on zone or heat -af f ect ed zone ( WEZ ) and i n
t he base mat eri al ( GM ). The f ol l owi ng di agram shows how UTP el ect rodes
are appl i ed; you wi l l see mul t i -run wel di ng wi t h t he UTP el ect rode 690 f or
t he BHLER grades K340 ISODUR and K390 MICROCLEAN.
Hardness i n t he wel di ng zone wi l l reach t he magni t ude of t he hardness of t he
base st eel . In t he heat -af f ect ed zone, t he t emperi ng ef f ect wi l l cause a drop i n
hardness due t o t he f act t hat t he wel d deposi t s hi ghl y af f ect t emperat ure.
The base mat eri al w i l l show no reduct i on i n hardness af t er t he w el di ng.
Furt hermore, t he f i ne carbi des of t he PM st eel are not coarsened, ei t her. The
second rod-l i ke el ect rode UTP 73G2 used had t he same hardness prof i l e f or
bot h mat eri al s i n quest i on t han t hat of el ect rode UTP 690.
15
P R A C T IC E O R IEN T ED W EL D IN G T ES T W IT H V A R IO U S
D IF F ER EN T B H L ER H IG H P ER F O R M A N C E S T EEL S
BHLER K340 ISODUR, mul t i -l ayer, UTP 690
WM = wel d met al deposi t
HAZ = t ransi t i on zone or heat -af f ect ed zone
BM = base mat eri al
BHLER K390 MICROCLEAN, mul t i -l ayer, UTP 690
Hardness prof ile (HV) across weld, mult i-layer, UTP 690
H
a
r
d
n
e
s
s

(
H
V
1
0
)
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
Di st ance f rom surf ace (mm)
0,5 1,5 2,5 3,5 4,5 5,5 6,5 7,5 8,5 9,5 10,5 11,5 12,5 13,5 14,5
WM BM HAZ
WM
BM
HAZ
WM
BM
HAZ
K3 9 0
K3 4 0
W EL D IN G IN
T O O L M A K IN G
16
17
W EL D IN G R EC O M M EN D A T IO N S
C O N C ER N IN G M A T ER IA L S
The f ol l ow i ng t abl es gi ve det ai l s concerni ng w el d repai r or adj ust ment s of
t ool s or di es made f rom BHLER hot w ork st eel s, pl ast i c moul d st eel s, col d
w ork st eel s and hi gh speed st eel s. Recommendat i ons w ere made i n coope-
rat i on w i t h BHLER Edel st ahl GmbH & Co KG and UTP Schw ei - mat eri al
GmbH.
Welding of powder met allurgical mat erials
BHLER has advanced t he manuf act uri ng process of pow der met al l urgi cal
hi gh speed st eel s and t ool st eel s. The st at e-of -t he-art pl ant i n Kapf enberg,
t he most modern i n t he worl d, produces MICROCLEAN mat eri al s i n t he t hi rd
generat i on wi t h ever i ncreased perf ormance f eat ures.
Hi gh perf ormance st eel s cal l ed BHLER MICROCLEAN re-def i ne hi gh perf or-
mance as regards t oughness, wear resist ance, compressive st rengt h
and corrosion resist ance i n a convi nci ng way.
A comprehensi ve range of col d w ork, pl ast i c moul d and hi gh speed st eel s
provi des our cust omers wi t h a cl ear compet i t i ve edge.
Inf ormat i on concerni ng wel di ng recommendat i ons f or BHLER st eel s produ-
ced by powder met al l urgy and whi ch are di f f i cul t t o wel d due t o t hei r hi gh C
cont ent can be obt ai ned f rom t hi s brochure f or t he f i rst t i me.
W EL D IN G IN
T O O L M A K IN G
18
1.2510
100MnCrW4
1.2842
90MnCrV8
1.2550
60WCrV7
1.2767
X45Ni CrMo4
~ 1.2721
~ 50Ni Cr13
1.2363
X100CrMoV5-1

X50CrMoV8-2
1.2379
X153CrMoV12
Pat ent :
X110CrMoV8-2
X125CrMoV9-3-1
Pat ent :
X250VCrMo9-4-4
Pat ent :
X85CrWMoV4-3-3
1.3343 (HS6-5-2C)
1.3243 (HS6-5-2-5)
1.3247 (HS2-9-1-8)
1.3345
(HS6-5-3C)
~ 1.3351
(~ HS6-5-4)
1.3244
(HS6-5-3-8)
Pat ent :
HS11-2-5-8
Pat ent :
HS14-2-5-11
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
UTP 65 D
UTP 67S
UTP 73 G2
UTP 673
UTP 65 D
UTP 665
UTP 67S
UTP 73 G2
UTP A 651
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 73 G3
UTP A 73 G4
UTP A 702
UTP 665

UTP 65 D
UTP 67S
UTP 73 G2
UTP 673
UTP 65 D
UTP 67S
UTP 73 G2
UTP 673
UTP 665
UTP 65 D
UTP 67S
UTP 73 G2
UTP 673
UTP 665

UTP 65 D
UTP 67S
UTP 73 G2
UTP 690
UTP 702
UTP 690
UTP 690
UTP 65 D
UTP 653
UTP 690
UTP 65 D
UTP 653
UTP 690
UTP 65 D
UTP 653
UTP 690
UTP 65 D
UTP 653
UTP 690
UTP 65 D
UTP 653
UTP 690
UTP 65 D
UTP 653
UTP 690
ca. 220 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
ca. 58 HRc
ca. 58 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
55 58 HRc
ca. 58 HRc
(f or 1-2 l ayers)
ca. 220 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
45 48 HRc
38 42 HRc
ca. 37 HRc
ca. 55 HRc
(f or 1-2 l ayers)
ca. 220 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
55 58 HRc
ca. 58 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
55 58 HRc
ca. 58 HRc
ca. 55 HRc
(f or 1-2 l ayers )
ca. 220 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
55 58 HRc
ca. 58 HRc
ca. 55 HRc
(f or 1-2 l ayers)
ca. 220 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
55 58 HRc
62 HRc
34 37 HRc
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 62 HRc
200
250 C
200
250 C
300
400 C
150 C
(Fast repai r)
200
250 C
400 C
150 C
(Fast repai r)

450
500 C
150 C
(Fast repai r)

450
500 C
500 C
500 C
500
600 C
500
600 C
500
600 C
500
600 C
500
600 C
500
600 C
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
3)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
Sl ow cool i ng i n
t he f urnace or
under a bl anket .
Very sl ow
cool i ng.
Very sl ow coo-
l i ng, i f requi red
t emperi ng f or
4 h at 500 C
and cool i ng i n
t he f urnace.
Very sl ow coo-
l i ng, i f requi red
t emperi ng f or
4 h at 500 C
and cool i ng i n
t he f urnace.
Very sl ow coo-
l i ng, i f requi red
t emperi ng f or
4 h at 500 C
and cool i ng i n
t he f urnace.
Very sl ow
cool i ng.
Ini t i al l ayers t o be wel ded wi t h sof t
el ect rodes f or a t hi ck bui l d up.
Choose el ect rodes f or f i ni shi ng l ayers
whi ch gi ve sui t abl e hardness. Wel d
short st ri nger beads (ca. 50 60 mm)
and hammer i mmedi at el y af t er.
UTP A 702: 3 4h/ 480 C cured
50 54 HRc
Ini t i al l ayers t o be wel ded wi t h sof t
el ect rodes f or a t hi ck bui l d up.
Choose el ect rodes f or f i ni shi ng l ayers
whi ch gi ve sui t abl e hardness. Wel d
short st ri nger beads (ca. 50 60 mm)
and hammer i mmedi at el y af t er.
Wel d short wel ds, hammer t he wel ds,
al l ow t o cool down sl owl y.
UTP A 702: 3 4h/ 480 C cured
50 54 HRc
Ini t i al l ayers t o be wel ded wi t h sof t
el ect rodes f or a t hi ck bui l d up.
Choose el ect rodes f or f i ni shi ng l ayers
whi ch gi ve sui t abl e hardness. Wel d
short st ri nger beads (ca. 50 60 mm)
and hammer i mmedi at el y af t er.
Wel d short wel ds, hammer t he wel ds,
al l ow t o cool down sl owl y.
BHLER grade St andard Tool Welding Weld Hardness Preheat ing Cool- Heat Remarks
designat ion condit ion met hod consumables as welded t empe- ing t reat ment
rat ure
K1 1 0
K3 9 0
K8 9 0
S7 9 0
S6 0 0
S7 0 5
S5 0 0
S6 9 0
S5 9 0
S3 9 0
S2 9 0
K3 4 0
K3 6 0
1)
Manual arc wel di ng,
2)
Let cool down sl owl y af t er t he wel di ng i s compl et ed: 10 20 C/ h f or 2 h, t hen 50 C/ h,
3)
20 40 C/ h t he f i rst 2 h, t hen 5 C/ h,
4)
Joi nt wel di ng,
5)
heat -t reat ed = hardened and t empered
K4 6 0
K7 2 0
K4 5 5
K3 0 5
K3 2 9
K6 0 0
K6 0 5
19
1.2510
100MnCrW4
1.2842
90MnCrV8
1.2550
60WCrV7
1.2767
X45Ni CrMo4
~ 1.2721
~ 50Ni Cr13
1.2363
X100CrMoV5-1

X50CrMoV8-2
1.2379
X153CrMoV12
Pat ent :
X110CrMoV8-2
X125CrMoV9-3-1
Pat ent :
X250VCrMo9-4-4
Pat ent :
X85CrWMoV4-3-3
1.3343 (HS6-5-2C)
1.3243 (HS6-5-2-5)
1.3247 (HS2-9-1-8)
1.3345
(HS6-5-3C)
~ 1.3351
(~ HS6-5-4)
1.3244
(HS6-5-3-8)
Pat ent :
HS11-2-5-8
Pat ent :
HS14-2-5-11
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
TIG
TIG
TIG
TIG
TIG
TIG
TIG
UTP A 651
UTP A DUR 600
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 673
UTP A 651
UTP A DUR 600
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 651
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 73 G3
UTP A 73 G4
UTP A 702
UTP A 660

UTP A 651
UTP A 068 HH
UTP A DUR 600
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 673
UTP A 651
UTP A 068 HH
UTP A DUR 600
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 673
UTP A 660

UTP A 651
UTP A 068 HH
UTP A DUR 600
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 673
UTP A 660

UTP A 651
UTP A DUR 600
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 696
UTP A 702
UTP A 696
UTP A 696
UTP A 651
UTP A 696
UTP A 651
UTP A 696
UTP A 651
UTP A 696
UTP A 651
UTP A 696
UTP A 651
UTP A 696
UTP A 651
UTP A 696
ca. 220 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
ca. 58 HRc
ca. 58 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
ca. 58 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
45 48 HRc
38 42 HRc
ca. 37 HRc
ca. 55 HRc
(f or 1-2 l ayers)
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 180 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
55 58 HRc
ca. 58 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 180 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
55 58 HRc
ca. 58 HRc
ca. 55 HRc
(f or 1-2 l ayers)
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 180 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
55 58 HRc
ca. 58 HRc
ca. 55 HRc
(f or 1-2 l ayers)
ca. 220 HB
4)

55 58 HRc
55 58 HRc
62 HRc
32 35 HRc
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 62 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 62 HRc
200
250 C
200 C
250 C
300
400 C
150 C
(Fast repai r)
200
250 C
400 C
150 C
(Fast repai r)

450
500 C
150 C
(Fast repai r)

450
500 C
500 C
500 C
500
600 C
500
600 C
500
600 C
500
600 C
500
600 C
500
600 C
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
3)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
Sl ow cool i ng i n
t he f urnace or
under a bl anket .
Very sl ow
cool i ng.
Very sl ow coo-
l i ng, i f requi red
t emperi ng f or
4 h at 500 C
and cool i ng i n
t he f urnace.
Very sl ow coo-
l i ng, i f requi red
t emperi ng f or
4 h at 500 C
and cool i ng i n
t he f urnace.
Very sl ow coo-
l i ng, i f requi red
t emperi ng f or
4 h at 500 C
and cool i ng i n
t he f urnace.
Very sl ow
cool i ng.
Ini t i al l ayers t o be wel ded wi t h sof t
el ect rodes f or a t hi ck bui l d up.
Choose el ect rodes f or f i ni shi ng l ayers
whi ch gi ve sui t abl e hardness. Wel d
short st ri nger beads (ca. 50 60 mm)
and hammer i mmedi at el y af t er.
UTP A 702: 3 4h/ 480 C cured
50 54 HRc
Ini t i al l ayers t o be wel ded wi t h sof t
el ect rodes f or a t hi ck bui l d up.
Choose el ect rodes f or f i ni shi ng l ayers
whi ch gi ve sui t abl e hardness. Wel d
short st ri nger beads (ca. 50 60 mm)
and hammer i mmedi at el y af t er.
Wel d short wel ds, hammer t he
wel ds, al l ow t o cool down sl owl y.
UTP A 702: 3 4h/ 480 C cured
50 54 HRc
Ini t i al l ayers t o be wel ded wi t h sof t
el ect rodes f or a t hi ck bui l d up.
Choose el ect rodes f or f i ni shi ng l ayers
whi ch gi ve sui t abl e hardness. Wel d
short st ri nger beads (ca. 50 60 mm)
and hammer i mmedi at el y af t er.
Wel d short wel ds, hammer t he wel ds,
al l ow t o cool down sl owl y.
BHLER grade St andard Tool Welding Weld Hardness Preheat ing Cool- Heat Remarks
designat ion condit ion met hod consumables as welded t empe- ing t reat ment
rat ure
K3 2 9
2)
Let cool down sl owl y af t er t he wel di ng i s compl et ed: 10 20C/ h f or 2 h, t hen 50C/ h,
3)
20 40C/ h t he f i rst 2 h, t hen 50C/ h,
4)
Joi nt wel di ng or buf f er l ayer,
5)
heat -t reat ed = hardened and t empered
K1 1 0
K3 9 0
K8 9 0
S7 9 0
S6 0 0
S7 0 5
S5 0 0
S6 9 0
S5 9 0
S3 9 0
S2 9 0
K3 4 0
K3 6 0
K4 6 0
K7 2 0
K4 5 5
K3 0 5
W EL D IN G R EC O M M EN D A T IO N S C O N C ER N IN G M A T ER IA L S
C O L D W O R K T O O L S T EEL S A N D H IG H S P EED S T EEL S
K6 0 0
K6 0 5
W EL D IN G IN
T O O L M A K IN G
20
1.2343
X38CrMoV5-1
1.2344
X40CrMoV5-1
1.2367
X38CrMoV5-3
~ 1.2343
~ X37CrMoV5-1
~ 1.2367
~ X38CrMoV5-3
1.2365
X32CrMoV3-3
~ 1.2885
~ X32CrMoCoV3-3-3
Pat ent
1.2343
X38CrMoV5-1
1.2344
X40CrMoV5-1
1.2367
X38CrMoV5-3
~ 1.2343
~ X37CrMoV5-1
~ 1.2367
~ X38CrMoV5-3
1.2365
X32CrMoV3-3
~ 1.2885
~ X32CrMoCoV3-3-3
Pat ent
Sof t
anneal ed
Sof t
anneal ed
Sof t
anneal ed
Sof t
anneal ed
Sof t
anneal ed
Sof t
anneal ed
heat -t reat ed
4)
heat -t reat ed
4)
heat -t reat ed
4)
heat -t reat ed
4)
heat -t reat ed
4)
heat -t reat ed
4)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
UTP 73 G2
UTP 73 G3
UTP 73 G4
UTP 73 G2
UTP 73 G3
UTP 73 G4
UTP 73 G2
UTP 73 G3
UTP 73 G4
UTP 73 G2
UTP 73 G3
UTP 73 G4
UTP 702
UTP 750
UTP 702
UTP 73 G2
UTP 67S
UTP 73 G2
UTP 73 G3
UTP 73 G4
UTP 73 G2
UTP 73 G3
UTP 73 G4
UTP 73 G2
UTP 73 G3
UTP 73 G4
UTP 73 G2
UTP 73 G3
UTP 73 G4
UTP 702
UTP 750
UTP 702
UTP 73 G2
UTP 67S
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
37 40 HRc
48 52 HRc
37 40 HRc
55 58 HRc
55 58 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
37 40 HRc
48 52 HRc
37 40 HRc
55 58 HRc
55 58 HRc
350
400 C
350
400 C
350
400 C
350
400 C
350
400 C
350
400 C
400
450 C
400
450 C
400
450 C
400
450 C
400
450 C
400
450 C
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
3)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
3)
Sof t anneal i ng
Sof t anneal i ng
Sof t anneal i ng
Sof t anneal i ng
Sof t anneal i ng
Sof t anneal i ng
St ress rel i ef
anneal i ng:
25 C bel ow
t he previ ous
t emperi ng t em-
perat ure, 2 h
St ress rel i ef
anneal i ng:
25 C bel ow
t he previ ous
t emperi ng t em-
perat ure, 2 h
Immedi at el y af t er t he wel di ng i s com-
pl et ed, perf orm sof t anneal i ng at 850
C i n a prot ect ed at mosphere. Then l et
cool down i n t he f urnace and 10 C/ h
up t o 650 C, expose t o t he ai r.
Wel d short st ri nger beads (ca. 50
60 mm), f ol l owed by i mmedi at e
hammeri ng.
Immediat ely aft er t he welding is com-
plet ed, perform soft annealing at 850
C in a prot ect ed at mosphere. Then let
cool down in t he furnace and 10 C/h
up t o 650 C, expose t o t he air. UTP 702:
34h/480 C cured 50 54 HRc.
Immediat ely aft er t he welding is com-
plet ed, perform soft annealing at 850
C in a prot ect ed at mosphere. Then let
cool down in t he furnace and 10 C/h
up t o 650C, expose t o t he air. UTP 702:
34h/480 C cured 50 54 HRc.
Wel d short st ri nger beads (ca. 50
60 mm), f ol l owed by i mmedi at e
hammeri ng.
Wel d short st ri nger beads (ca. 50
60 mm), f ol l owed by i mmedi at e
hammeri ng.
UTP 702: 3 4h/ 480 C cured
50 54 HRc.
BHLER grade St andard Tool Welding Weld Hardness Preheat ing Cool- Heat Remarks
designat ion condit ion met hod consumables as welded t empe- ing t reat ment
rat ure
BHLER grade St andard Tool Welding Weld Hardness Preheat ing Cool- Heat Remarks
designat ion condit ion met hod consumables as welded t empe- ing t reat ment
rat ure
W 3 0 0
W 3 0 0
W 3 0 2
W 3 0 2
W 3 0 3
W 3 0 3
1)
Manual arc wel di ng,
2)
Let cool down sl owl y af t er t he wel di ng i s compl et ed: 10 20 C/ h f or 2 h, t hen 50C/ h,
3)
20 40 C/ h t he f i rst 2 h, t hen 50 C/ h
1)
Manual arc wel di ng,
2)
Let cool down sl owl y af t er t he wel di ng i s compl et ed: 10 20 C/ h f or 2 h, t hen 50 C/ h,
3)
20 40 C/ h t he f i rst 2 h, t hen 50 C/ h,
4)
heat -t reat ed = hardened and t empered
W 4 0 0
W 4 0 0
W 3 2 0
W 3 2 0
W 3 2 1
W 3 2 1
W 4 0 3
W 4 0 3
W 3 6 0
W 3 6 0
21
1.2343
X38CrMoV5-1
1.2344
X40CrMoV5-1
1.2367
X38CrMoV5-3
~ 1.2343
~ X37CrMoV5-1
~ 1.2367
~ X38CrMoV5-3
1.2365
X32CrMoV3-3
~ 1.2885
~ X32CrMoCoV3-3-3
Pat ent
1.2343
X38CrMoV5-1
1.2344
X40CrMoV5-1
1.2367
X38CrMoV5-3
~ 1.2343
~ X37CrMoV5-1
~ 1.2367
~ X38CrMoV5-3
1.2365
X32CrMoV3-3
~ 1.2885
~ X32CrMoCoV3-3-3
Pat ent
Sof t
anneal ed
Sof t
anneal ed
Sof t
anneal ed
Sof t
anneal ed
Sof t
anneal ed
Sof t
anneal ed
heat -t reat ed
4)
heat -t reat ed
4)
heat -t reat ed
4)
heat -t reat ed
4)
heat -t reat ed
4)
heat -t reat ed
4)
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 73 G3
UTP A 73 G4
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 73 G3
UTP A 73 G4
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 73 G3
UTP A 73 G4
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 73 G3
UTP A 73 G4
UTP A 702
UTP 702
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A DUR 600
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 73 G3
UTP A 73 G4
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 73 G3
UTP A 73 G4
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 73 G3
UTP A 73 G4
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 73 G3
UTP A 73 G4
UTP A 702
UTP A 702
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A DUR 600
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
37 40 HRc
37 40 HRc
55 58 HRc
55 58 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
55 HRc
45 HRc
40 HRc
37 40 HRc
37 40 HRc
55 58 HRc
55 58 HRc
350
400 C
350
400 C
350
400 C
350
400 C
350
400 C
350
400 C
400
450 C
400
450 C
400
450 C
400
450 C
400
450 C
400
450 C
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
3)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
3)
Sof t anneal i ng
Sof t anneal i ng
Sof t anneal i ng
Sof t anneal i ng
Sof t anneal i ng
Sof t anneal i ng
St ress rel i ef
anneal i ng:
25 C bel ow
t he previ ous
t emperi ng t em-
perat ure, 2 h
St ress rel i ef
anneal i ng:
25 C bel ow
t he previ ous
t emperi ng t em-
perat ure, 2 h
Immedi at el y af t er t he wel di ng i s com-
pl et ed, perf orm sof t anneal i ng at 850
C i n a prot ect ed at mosphere. Then l et
cool down i n t he f urnace and 10 C/ h
up t o 650 C, expose t o t he ai r.
Wel d short st ri nger beads (ca. 50
60 mm), f ol l owed by i mmedi at e
hammeri ng.
Immediat ely aft er t he welding is com-
plet ed, perform soft annealing at 850
C in a prot ect ed at mosphere. Then let
cool down in t he furnace and 10 C/h
up t o 650 C, expose t o t he air. UTP 702:
34h/480 C cured 50 54 HRc.
Immediat ely aft er t he welding is com-
plet ed, perform soft annealing at 850 C
in a prot ect ed at mosphere. Then let cool
down in t he furnace and 10 C/h
up t o 650 C, expose t o t he air. UTP 702:
34h/480 C cured 50 54 HRc.
Wel d short st ri nger beads (ca. 50
60 mm), f ol l owed by i mmedi at e
hammeri ng.
Wel d short st ri nger beads (ca. 50
60 mm), f ol l owed by i mmedi at e
hammeri ng.
UTP 702: 3 4h/ 480 C cured
50 54 HRc.
BHLER grade St andard Tool Welding Weld Hardness Preheat ing Cool- Heat Remarks
designat ion condit ion met hod consumables as welded t empe- ing t reat ment
rat ure
BHLER grade St andard Tool Welding Weld Hardness Preheat ing Cool- Heat Remarks
designat ion condit ion met hod consumables as welded t empe- ing t reat ment
rat ure
W 3 0 0
W 3 0 0
W 3 0 2
W 3 0 2
W 3 0 3
W 3 0 3
2)
Let cool down sl owl y af t er t he wel di ng i s compl et ed: 10 20 C/ h f or 2 h, t hen 50 C/ h,
3)
20 40 C/ h t he f i rst 2 h, t hen 50 C/ h
2)
Let cool down sl owl y af t er t he wel di ng i s compl et ed: 10 20 C/ h f or 2 h, t hen 50 C/ h,
3)
20 40 C/ h t he f i rst 2 h, t hen 50 C/ h,
4)
heat -t reat ed = hardened and t empered
W 4 0 0
W 4 0 0
W 3 2 0
W 3 2 0
W 3 2 1
W 3 2 1
W 4 0 3
W 4 0 3
W 3 6 0
W 3 6 0
W EL D IN G R EC O M M EN D A T IO N S C O N C ER N IN G M A T ER IA L S
H O T W O R K T O O L S T EEL S
W EL D IN G IN
T O O L M A K IN G
22
1.2312
40CrMnMoS8-6
1.2738
40CrMnMo7
1.2738 VMR
40CrMnMo7
X13Ni CuAl S4-1-1
X13Ni CuAl 4-1-1
~ 1.2085
X33CrS16
M315: Pat ent
(X5CrCuS13)
Pat ent :
~ 1.2316
X38CrMo16
~ 1.2083
X40Cr14
M333: Pat ent
(X30CrN14)
~ 1.2083
X40Cr14
M333: Pat ent
(X30CrN14)
M340: Pat ent
(X55CrMoN17-1)
Pat ent :
X190CrVMo20-4
heat -t reat ed
bef ore
heat -t reat ed
bef ore
heat -t reat ed
bef ore
heat -t reat ed
bef ore
heat -t reat ed
bef ore
Sof t
anneal ed
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
LHS
1)
UTP 641 Kb
UTP 73 G4
UTP 65 D
UTP 73 G2
UTP 73 G3
UTP 73 G4
UTP 73 G4
UTP 702
UTP 65 D
UTP 665
UTP 750
UTP 65 D
UTP 665
UTP 750
UTP 65 D
UTP 665
UTP 750
UTP 65 D
UTP 665
UTP 750
UTP 73 G2
UTP 690
200 HB
4)
38 42 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
45 48 HRc
38 42 HRc
38 42 HRc
ca. 37 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 350 HB
42 52 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 350 HB
42 52 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 350 HB
42 52 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 350 HB
42 52 HRc
55 58 HRc
62 HRc
300
400 C
300
400 C
100
150 C
400
450 C
300
400 C
200
250 C
200
250 C
500
600 C
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
Sl ow cool i ng
down, i f requi red
t emperi ng f or 2h
at 590 C and
cool i ng i n t he
f urnace
Sl ow cool i ng i n
t he f urnace or
under a bl anket .
Sl ow cool i ng i n
t he f urnace or
under a bl anket .
Temperi ng
Sl ow cool i ng
down, i f requi red
t emperi ng f or 2h
at 580 C and
cool i ng i n t he
f urnace
Sof t anneal i ng
Temperi ng
Temperi ng t o
500 C/ 1h
St ress rel i ef anneal i ng af t er l arger
repai rs at ca. 550 C.
Wel d short st ri nger beads (ca. 50
60 mm), f ol l owed by i mmedi at e
hammeri ng. UTP A 702: 3 4h/
480 C cured 50 54 HRc
Temperi ng t emperat ure:
M314: ca. 550 C;
M315: ca. 480 C;
St ress rel i ef anneal i ng af t er l arger
repai rs at ca. 550 C.
Heat t reat ment see brochure f or
parent st eel .
Temperi ng t emperat ure: 200 250 C
Wel d short wel ds, hammer t he wel ds,
al l ow t o cool down sl owl y.
BHLER grade St andard Tool Welding Weld Hardness Preheat ing Cool- Heat Remarks
designat ion condit ion met hod consumables as welded t empe- ing t reat ment
rat ure
M2 0 0
1)
Manual arc wel di ng,
2)
Let cool down sl owl y af t er t he wel di ng i s compl et ed: 10 20 C/ h f or 2 h, t hen 50 C/ h,
3)
20 40 C/ h t he f i rst 2 h, t hen 50 C/ h,
4)
Joi nt wel di ng or buf f er l ayer,
5)
heat -t reat ed = hardened and t empered
M2 3 8
M2 6 1
M3 1 4
M3 0 3
M4 6 1
M3 1 5
M3 1 0
M3 1 0
M3 3 3
M3 3 3
M3 9 0
M2 6 8
M3 4 0
23
1.2312
40CrMnMoS8-6
1.2738
40CrMnMo7
1.2738 VMR
40CrMnMo7
X13Ni CuAl S4-1-1
X13Ni CuAl 4-1-1
~ 1.2085
X33CrS16
M315: Pat ent
(X5CrCuS13)
Pat ent :
~ 1.2316
X38CrMo16
~ 1.2083
X40Cr14
M333: Pat ent
(X30CrN14)
~ 1.2083
X40Cr14
M333: Pat ent
(X30CrN14)
M340: Pat ent
(X55CrMoN17-1)
Pat ent :
X190CrVMo20-4
heat -t reat ed
bef ore
heat -t reat ed
bef ore
heat -t reat ed
bef ore
heat -t reat ed
bef ore
heat -t reat ed
bef ore
Sof t
anneal ed
heat -t reat ed
5)
heat -t reat ed
5)
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
TIG
MAG
UTP A 641
UTP A 73 G4
UTP A 651
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 73 G3
UTP A 73 G4
UTP A 73 G4
UTP A 702
UTP A 651
UTP A 661
UTP A 651
UTP A 661
UTP A 651
UTP A 661
UTP A 651
UTP A 661
UTP A 73 G2
UTP A 696
200 HB
4)
38 42 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
55 58 HRc
45 48 HRc
38 42 HRc
38 42 HRc
ca. 37 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 40 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 40 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 40 HRc
ca. 220 HB
4)
ca. 40 HRc
55 58 HRc
62 HRc
300
400 C
300
400 C
100
150 C
400
450 C
300
400 C
200
250 C
200
250 C
500
600 C
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
2)
Sl ow cool i ng
down, i f requi red
t emperi ng f or 2h
at 590 C and
cool i ng i n t he
f urnace
Sl ow cool i ng i n
t he f urnace or
under a bl anket .
Sl ow cool i ng i n
t he f urnace or
under a bl anket .
Temperi ng
Sl ow cool i ng
down, i f requi red
t emperi ng f or 2h
at 580 C and
cool i ng i n t he
f urnace
Sof t anneal i ng
Temperi ng
Temperi ng t o
500 C/ 1h
St ress rel i ef anneal i ng af t er l arger
repai rs at ca. 550 C.
UTP A 702: 3 4h/ 480 C cured
50 54 HRc
Temperi ng t emperat ure:
M314: ca. 550 C;
M315: ca. 480 C;
St ress rel i ef anneal i ng af t er l arger
repai rs at ca. 550 C.
Heat t reat ment see brochure f or
parent st eel .
Temperi ng t emperat ure: 200 250 C
Wel d short wel ds, hammer t he wel ds,
al l ow t o cool down sl owl y.
BHLER grade St andard Tool Welding Weld Hardness Preheat ing Cool- Heat Remarks
designat ion condit ion met hod consumables as welded t empe- ing t reat ment
rat ure
M2 0 0
2)
Let cool down sl owl y af t er t he wel di ng i s compl et ed: 10 20 C/ h f or 2 h, t hen 50 C/ h,
4)
Joi nt wel di ng or buf f er l ayer,
5)
heat -t reat ed = hardened and t empered
M2 3 8
M2 6 1
M3 1 4
M3 0 3
M4 6 1
M3 1 5
M3 1 0
M3 1 0
M3 3 3
M3 3 3
M3 9 0
W EL D IN G R EC O M M EN D A T IO N S C O N C ER N IN G M A T ER IA L S
P L A S T IC M O U L D S T EEL S
M2 6 8
M3 4 0
BW140 E 11.2008 1000 SPS
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.
The dat a cont ained in t his brochure is merely for general informat ion and t herefore shall not be binding on t he company. We may be bound only t hrough a cont ract
expl i ci t l y st i pul at i ng such dat a as bi ndi ng. The manuf act ure of our product s does not i nvol ve t he use of subst ances det ri ment al t o heal t h or t o t he ozone l ayer.
Your part ner:
BHLER Edel st ahl GmbH & Co KG
Mari azel l er St rae 25
A-8605 Kapf enberg/ Aust ri a
Phone: + 43-3862-20-71 81
Fax: + 43-3862-20-75 76
E-Mai l : i nf o@bohl er-edel st ahl .com
www.bohl er-edel st ahl .com