28 views

Uploaded by api-19505025

- Course Outline Integral Calculus uWindsor
- Mean value theorem
- Mit18 01scf10 Final
- Sample Questions
- Puzzle
- Handout 4ca
- Calculus Early Transcendentals - By David Guichard
- Introduction.pdf
- 06-04-024_Work.pdf
- Integration Revision
- Cal71 Integration by Substitution
- Percubaan Matematik 2014 [Skema].doc
- Engineering Maths Curr3
- Thomas Finney - Chapter 13 (www.myUET.net.tc).pdf
- 10.1.1.67.4347
- Maths 5 Yr analysis (JEE)
- Calc Study Guide
- Math Sample Paper
- 8res98
- Math facts frenzy practice -range 2-12

You are on page 1of 5

Approximation Methods

Integration is the process of calculation the area of a region under a curve.

An approximate area under the curve is found by finding the area of trapeziums.

b

ba

Equation: f x dx y 0 y n 2 y 1 y 2 ... y n 1

a 2.n

n = Number of subintervals (or n + 1 function values)

f(x)

y0 yn

a b

Simpson’s Rule:

An approximate area under the curve is found by finding the area under parabolic

arcs.

b

ba

Equation: f x dx y 0 y n 4 y 1 y 3 ... 2 y 2 y 4 ...

a 3.n

n = Number of subintervals (or n + 1 function values)

f(x)

y0 yn

a b

GITIMH3 94107 Integration Page 2

Accurate Integration

Indefinite Integrals:

The integral of an equation in the form a.x + b is found by

a .x b n dx a .x b C

n 1

Equation:

an 1

C = Constant

Definite integrals:

y = a.x + b

c d

d

a .d b n 1 a .c b n 1

Equation:

c

a .x b

a n 1

a n 1

Even Functions:

A function is Even if: f( x) = f(x)

a

Equation:

a

f x dx 0

Odd Functions:

A function is Odd if: f( x) = f(x)

a a

Equation:

a

f x dx 2

0

f x dx

GITIMH3 94107 Integration Page 3

Areas Enclosed by the x-axis:

a b

y = f(x)

b

Equation: A

f x dx

a

b

Equation: A

a

f y dy

a

x = f(y)

GITIMH3 94107 Integration Page 4

Found by rotating as area under a curve about the x-axis

a

y = f(x) b

b

Equation: V

a

y 2 dx

Found by rotating as area under a curve about the y-axis

a

y = f(x)

b

b

Equation: V

a

x 2 dy

f y

b b

f x g x dx g y 2 dx

2

Equation: A V

a a

g(x) = 2nd Curve

GITIMH3 94107 Integration Page 5

Integration By Substition

Used for hard integration

4

E.g. (1) 3.x 2 x3 1 dx using the substitution u = x3 1

du

A First, 3.x 2

dx

du = 3.x2.dx …(1)

Sub (1) into equation

5

4 u5 x3 1

u .du C C

5 5

2

E.g. (2) x 1 x using the substitution u = 1+ x2

0

du

A First, 2.x Note:

dx

When, x = 1, u = 2

1

du x.dx …(1) And, x = 0, u = 1

2

Sub (1) into equation

2 2

1 2.u 3 2

1 12 2 2 2

u

2 1 2 3 1 3

- Course Outline Integral Calculus uWindsorUploaded byNemanja Djordjevic
- Mean value theoremUploaded byakirank1
- Mit18 01scf10 FinalUploaded byDevesh Agrawal
- Sample QuestionsUploaded byNibeditNahak
- PuzzleUploaded byapoorvapte
- Handout 4caUploaded byKevin Chen
- Calculus Early Transcendentals - By David GuichardUploaded byNatasha Urbancic
- Introduction.pdfUploaded bywiesler
- 06-04-024_Work.pdfUploaded byKloyd Eurolfan
- Integration RevisionUploaded bygilalula
- Cal71 Integration by SubstitutionUploaded bymarchelo_chelo
- Percubaan Matematik 2014 [Skema].docUploaded byMarilynGakim
- Engineering Maths Curr3Uploaded byMusa Mohammed
- Thomas Finney - Chapter 13 (www.myUET.net.tc).pdfUploaded bykamilbisma
- 10.1.1.67.4347Uploaded bySasank
- Maths 5 Yr analysis (JEE)Uploaded byshubhama_59
- Calc Study GuideUploaded byJohnny Pham
- Math Sample PaperUploaded byJames William Lang
- 8res98Uploaded byitaaa
- Math facts frenzy practice -range 2-12Uploaded byMerly Moya
- env68 8 06 07 kcUploaded byapi-367296283
- Sample QuesUploaded byMustafa Farrag
- bca301Uploaded byapi-3782519
- 51108602-microchannels.pdfUploaded bymanjubd1
- Importnt notes on systems.docxUploaded byNitish
- CE 335Uploaded byAmarilis Ramos
- Skew Detection and CorrectionUploaded byAnonymous Ys17x7
- Homework 5Uploaded byMark Lu
- ProposalUploaded byrizgarmella
- Assignment Combining Transformations KEY Sept 2008Uploaded byteresa314

- relations_and_functionsUploaded byapi-19505025
- the_binomial_theoremUploaded byapi-19505025
- the_real_number_systemUploaded byapi-19505025
- sequences_and_seriesUploaded byapi-19505025
- the_tangent_and_the_derivativeUploaded byapi-19505025
- probabilityUploaded byapi-19505025
- wepUploaded byapi-19505025
- polynomials_iiUploaded byapi-19505025
- linux-2000-2004Uploaded byapi-19505025
- monte_carlo_localisation_for_mobile_robots-shortUploaded byapi-19505025
- ipv6Uploaded byapi-19505025
- monte_carlo_localisation_for_mobile_robotsUploaded byapi-19505025
- drawing_using_the_scorbot_manipulator_armUploaded byapi-19505025
- trigonometryUploaded byapi-19505025
- autonomous_lego_climber_project-stingrayUploaded byapi-19505025
- circle_geometryUploaded byapi-19505025
- polynomials_iUploaded byapi-19505025
- co-ordinate_geometryUploaded byapi-19505025
- permutations_and_combinationsUploaded byapi-19505025
- matrices-incompleteUploaded byapi-19505025
- insect_inspired_robots-acra06Uploaded byapi-19505025
- airhockey-pergames06Uploaded byapi-19505025
- conic_sectionsUploaded byapi-19505025
- geometryUploaded byapi-19505025
- parabolaUploaded byapi-19505025
- localisation_using_active_mirror_vision_system-anu05Uploaded byapi-19505025
- geometrical_applications_of_differentiationUploaded byapi-19505025
- complex_numbersUploaded byapi-19505025
- localisation_using_active_mirror_vision_system-anu05-slidesUploaded byapi-19505025

- A Guide to the Generation of Lyapunov FunctionsUploaded byfrank_grimes
- C6.pdfUploaded byRahul Sharma
- Calculus of VariationsUploaded byDinesh Verma
- Mock AP Exam 3 Review- MC ProblemsUploaded byMohammed Ibrahim
- Derivation of RTTUploaded byhmalikn7581
- Advanced PDEs - Results and DefinitionsUploaded byav8747
- GQ Calculus EVTestUploaded bygeeorgi23
- The_Transmission_Line_Wave_Equation.pdfUploaded byrahul
- co139Uploaded bybigbigbig90003270
- riemann sumsUploaded byapi-310595177
- Calculus (Part I) - ApostolUploaded byneo4895651
- A Matrix System for Computing the Coefficients of the Adams Bashforth-Moulton Predictor-Corrector FormulaeUploaded byDavid Mbikayi
- Toaha and HasanUploaded byarajara16
- Trigonometric GraphsUploaded byBlaine Rogalski
- M53 Lec2.1 Slopes and the Derivative.pdfUploaded byptrc_
- NUS - MA1505 (2012) - Chapter 9Uploaded byGilbert Sebastiano
- Partial Derivatives Examples and a Quick Review of Implicit DiferrentationUploaded byEndoGutierrez
- Teorema Limit,Satu Sisi,Apit, Trigonometri&Tak HinggaUploaded bySari Indah
- Differential Equation MathsUploaded byPavan Boro
- Calculus 7th edition_Ch15Uploaded byيقين عبدالرحمن
- Integrals Yielding Logarithmic Functions AndUploaded byIchiroue Whan G
- Solver Nice ODEUploaded byLTDuck88
- SyllabusF13_2415-2.pdfUploaded byjcastro237901
- Appel maths for physicists.pdfUploaded byEdgar Martínez
- Greens FunctionsUploaded byCarolina Bouvier
- Hyers, Cooperative Activities for CalculusUploaded bydirk
- Functions With Several VariablesUploaded byBlackBunny103
- Ansi St Entrance SyllabusUploaded byShoaib Shaikh
- course plan Multivariable Calculus(n)Uploaded byibnulwaqt
- Clx_Road_45.pdfUploaded byHamza Tasarraf