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Department Of Mechanical Engineering

College Of Engineering
Universiti Tenaga Nasional
MEHB 213 - Tutorial 3
1. Complete this table for H
2
O:
T, (

C) P, (kPa) h, (kJ/kg) x Phase


200 0.7
140 1800
950 0.0
80 500
800 3162.2
2. Complete this table for Refrigerant 134a:
T, (

C) P, (kPa) , (m
3
/kg) Phase
-8 320
30 0.015
180 Saturated vapour
80 600
3. Complete this table for Refrigerant 134a:
T, (

C) P, (kPa) u, (kJ/kg) Phase


20 95
-12 Saturated liquid
400 300
8 600
4. Complete this table for Refrigerant 134a:
T, (

C) P, (kPa) h, (kJ/kg) x Phase


600 180
-10 0.6
-14 500
1200 300.61
44 1.0
5. Determine the phase/phases in a system consisting of H
2
O at the following condi-
tions and sketch p and T diagrams showing the location of each state.
(i) p = 5 bar, T = 151.9

C
(ii) p = 5 bar, T = 200

C
(iii) T = 200

C, p = 2.5 MPa
(iv) T = 160

C, p = 4.8 bar
(v) T = 12

C, p = 1 bar [Ans: mixture, superheated vapour, compressed liquid,


superheated vapour, solid]
6. Calculate the mass of 1 m
3
of a mixture of R-134a at 1 bar with quality of 75%.
[Ans: 6.916 kg]
7. A two phase liquid-vapour mixture of a substance has a pressure of 150 bar and
occupies a volume of 0.2 m
3
. The masses of saturated liquid and vapour present
are 3.8 kg and 4.2 kg respectively. Determine the mixture specic volume. [Ans:
0.025 m
3
/kg]
8. Water is contained in a closed, rigid, 0.2 m
3
tank at an initial pressure of 5 bar
and a quality of 50%. Heat transfer occurs until the tank contains only saturated
vapour. Determine the nal mass of vapour in the tank and the nal pressure.
[Ans; 1.064 kg, 10.5 bar]
9. Steam is contained in a closed rigid container with a volume of 1 m
3
. Initially,
the pressure and temperature of the steam are 7 bar and 500

C respectively. The
temperature drops as a result of heat transfer to the surroundings. Determine the
temperature at which condensation rst occurs and the fraction of the total mass
that has condensed when the pressure reached 0.5 bar. What is the volume occupied
by saturated liquid at the nal state? [Ans: 140
c
ircC, 0.8520, 0.00203 m
3
]
10. Superheated water vapour at 1.4 MPa and 250

C is allowed to cool at constant


volume until the temperature drops to 120

C. At the nal state, determine


(i) the pressure
(ii) the quality
(iii) the enthalpy Also show the process on a T diagram with respect to satu-
ration lines. [Ans: 198.67 kPa, 0.1825, 905.7 kJ/kg]
11. Determine the specic volume of R-134a vapour at 0.9 MPa and 70

C based on
(i) the ideal gas equation
(ii) the generalized compressibility chart
(iii) data from tables Also determine the error involved in the rst two cases. [Ans:
0.03105 m
3
/kg, 0.02776 m
3
/kg, 0.027413 m
3
/kg, 13.3%, 1.3%]