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GE 161

161

Geometric

Geometric Geodesy

Geodesy

BS Geodetic Engineering

Department of Geodetic Engineering

College of Engineering

University of the Philippines

Diliman, Quezon City

ascaparas/06

Course

Course Orientation

Orientation

Lecture No. 1

University of the Philippines

ascaparas/06

1

Course Details

Course number : GE 161

Course title : Geometric Geodesy

Prerequisite: ES 21 – Mathematical Methods in

Engineering

GE 12 – General Surveying II

MATH 20 – Euclidean Geometry

Course credit : 3 units

Course section : MHU

Class schedule : 4:00 – 5:30 p.m., MTh

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

Course Description

of reference ellipsoid; coordinate systems;

computations for geodetic positions; geodetic

reference systems and datum

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

2

Main References

Rapp, Richard R., Geometric Geodesy, Ohio State

University, Ohio State USA.

National Imagery and Mapping Agency

(NIMA), Geodesy for the Layman (online),

Department of Defense, USA.

Vanicek, P., An Online Tutorial on Geodesy

(online), University of Brunswick, Canada

Heiskanen and Moritz, Physical Geodesy, 1967

Leick, A., GPS Surveying 3rd Edition

Lecture 1 GE 161 – Geometric Geodesy

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

Course Resources

Books

Class Environment (UVLE) at www.uvle.up.edu.ph will

be created for this course. Course notes and lecture

materials will be uploaded to this virtual class for the

students’ use. Announcements and submission of

assignments will also be facilitated in this virtual class.

Internet Websites.

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

3

Class Policies

1. Attendance

2. Long Examinations

3. Missed Long Exams

4. Quizzes and Assignments

5. Course Paper/project

6. Final Examination

7. Exemption on the Final Exam

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

Class Policies

8. Computation of Grade:

Pre-

Pre-final Grade:

Long Examination 65%

Course Paper/Project 20%

Quizzes and Assignments 15%

Final Grade:

Pre-

Pre-final Grade 70%

Final Examination 30%

9. Grading System

- university’

university’s standard scale

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

4

Course

Course Introduction

Introduction

ascaparas/06

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

5

Why do we need to study

Geometric Geodesy?....

“Earth” Map

Lecture 1 GE 161 – Geometric Geodesy

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

What do we want as

Geodetic Engineers?…..

…..We want to know what is on the surface of the

earth and we do this through….

….MAPPING

….which can be done by…..

....SURVEYING

Lecture 1 GE 161 – Geometric Geodesy

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

6

Surveying…

Plane Geodetic

Surveying Surveying

Considers the

curvature of the

earth…

earth…

…Needs knowledge

MAP in geodesy!!

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

In surveying, what we are doing is mapping a

certain “parcel of the surface of the earth”…

For us to “put together” these parcels of the

surface of the earth (like a jigsaw puzzle) and place

them on their correct positions to come up with a

meaningful representation…. that is a map….

We need to reference our surveys and position

them into to a common space… into an imaginary

model of the earth…

…Referencing and Reference Systems for mapping

purposes is the ultimate task of geometric geodesy

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

7

See the whole picture?!

mapping

SURVEY

Reference

“Earth” Model/System Map

A complex, dynamic, A discrete, measurable,

immeasurable “object”

object” understandable object

Lecture 1 GE 161 – Geometric Geodesy integration Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

which we “refer” (position) all our

surveys or mapping activities.

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

8

What is a Reference System then?!...

topographic surface

where we do our surveys

The “Geoid”

Geoid”

equipotential surface where

we refer our leveling works

The Reference

Lecture 1

Lecture No.1

Surface (ellipsoid)

GE 161 – Geometric Geodesy

Course Introduction

Systems?....

earth WGS Geodetic

reference ellipsoid Establish control

network

Determine positions of

the control stations Define geoid

WGS84, Define the geoid-

geoid-

model

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

9

And what do we need?!....

1. Reference Ellipsoid

2. Coordinate Systems

3. Control Network

4. Geoid Model

5. Positions and

Positioning Methods

the core of Geodesy

Lecture 1 GE 161 – Geometric Geodesy

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

1. Reference Ellipsoids

2. Reduction of Measurements to the Ellipsoids

3. Determination of Geodetic Positions

4. Reference Systems and Datum

5. Datum Transformation

Course Introduction

Lecture No.1

10

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