You are on page 1of 9

Scientific Journal of Earth Science

June 2014, Volume 4, Issue 2, PP.109-117

Based on the Slope to Analysis the Characteristics of Desertification in Zhengxiangbaiqi


Region in the Classical Sand Land Hunshandake
Chunlan Li1, Ren Bu1, Jiquan Zhang2, Shan Yin1, Yuhai Bao 3, Alatengtuya1, Gang Bao3, Richa Hu1
1. College of Geographical Sciences Normal University in Inner Mongolia, Hohhot 010022, China
2. Human Resources of Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022, China
3. Remote Sensing and Information Key Laboratory, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022, China
4. College of Environment Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China

Abstract
Taking Zhengxiangbaiqi region in the classical sand land Hunshandake as the study area, and using the spatial analysis function
of CIS to analyze the change characteristics of desertification, the results are as followed: the degree of desertification in
Zhengxiangbaiqi region has a deep relationship with the slope, and in the grade one of desertification land of each types are
relatively in large proportion, all covering more than 79%; in the grade two to seven, moderate desertification below are relatively
in large proportion; with the slope increasing, the areas of desertification and the degrees are both decreasing. Thus when taking
the measures to prevent the desertification, we should focus on the smaller slope areas. The grade one, three and four of
desertification changed much, main including the types of moderate below. While the grade two, five, six and seven of
desertification changed little, so we should pay more attention to the areas of grade one, three and four when carrying out the
prevent work. From 1989 to 2007, the type of desertification in the Zhengxiangbaiqi region in the classical sand land
Hunshandake mainly changeed from high degree to low degree, and occurring reversed desertification mainly in the grade one
and two, but the desertification is still very serious.
Keywords: Slope; Classical Sand Land Hunshandake; Zhengxiangbaiqi Region; Change Characteristic of Desertification

*
1 2 4 13 3 1 3 1
1. 010022
2. 010022
3. 010022
4. 130024

GIS

1
79% 2-7
*

2013DAK05B0141161060
YJRC120542013ZD08
2013ZDPY0420130430
(2013MS0601)
- 109 http://www.j-es.org


1 3 4 2
5 6 7 1 3 4
1989-2007
1 2

[1-2] 2949N73123E

[2] 262.2104km2
27. 3%[3]

DEM(Eigital ElevationModel)
GIS
DEM[4]DEM

[5] DEM
[6]
[7]

1
1141511537 420543
02

11001400m 1764m
26.3711 hm2
27.90 hm2 45%
7.67 hm2
1.9 10 4 1
-17.7-35.97 19.1 34.9
111d 4m/s 75d78 2888h 65%
363mm 789 68% 27.1mm
1932mm 5

2
15 36 R2V
Arc/Info9.0 DEM

- 110 http://www.j-es.org

1989 2000 2007 TM


1989 2000 2000 2007 1989-2000 2000-2007
Microsoft
Excel SPSS

3 DEM
3.1 DEM
DEM ARC/INFO R2V 10 m 1
50000 36
TIN
ARC/INFO TIN DEM
30m30m TM DEM
DEM DEM

3.2
0 <31 372 7153
15254 25355 >35 6
10
7 1 <32 373 7104 10
155 15206 20257 >25

3.3

[8-9]
1989 2000 2007 TM

1989 2000 2007

1
- 111 http://www.j-es.org

1 1 03 78.17%
2 37 13.77%
3 7 10%

4
4.1
4.1.1

GIS 1989 2000 2007

100
80
60

86.8
86.7
70.26
67.5

40
20

17.1
15.5
11.9
11.6
10.3

7.06
5.27
1.62
1.18
1.17

0
1

5.67
5.12
0.85
0.25
0.11

1.8
0.28
0.03
01.94

1.8
0.46
0.06
00.03

0.15
0.07
0.01
0

2 (%)1989

2 1989 1~7
1-7

87.34%15.3%4.92%3.98%4.6%0.5%0.11%

73.95%11.53%1%0.09%000 1234 123


1
87.34%>85.29%>78%>75.98%>73.95%
2 15.3%>14.93%>13.8%>
12.1%>11.53% 3 4.92%>
4.45%>3.6%>1.64%>1% 4
3.98%>3.65%>2.19%>0.7%>
0.09% 5 4.6%>1.57%>0.61%>
0.18%>0 6 0.5%>
0.46%>0.12%>0.024%>0 7
0.11%=0.11%>0.02%>0=
0 1989 1
2-7
- 112 http://www.j-es.org

100
80

88.08
85.5
79.8
75.6
73.2

60
40
20

15.6
14.1
14
12.07
11.62

5.06
4.5
3.25
1.56
0.17

0
1

3.92
3.7
2.02
0.63
0.09

1.5
1.49
0.58
0.16
0

0.47
0.11
0.025
0

0.11
0.015
0

3 (%)2000

3 1989 1~7
1-7

88.08%15.6%5.06%3.92%1.5%0.47%0.11%

73.2%11.62%0.17%0.09%000 1234 12
3 1
88.08%>85.5%>79.8%>75.6%>73.2%
2 15.3%>14.1%>14%>
12.07%>11.62% 3 5.06%>
4.5%>3.25%>1.56%>0.17% 4
3.92%>3.7%>2.02%>0.63%>
0.09% 5 1.5%>1.49%>
0.58%>0.16%>0 6 0.47%
=0.47%>0.11%>0.025%>0 7
0.11%=0.11%>0.015%>0
=0 2000 1
2-7
100
80
60

86.8
86.7
70.26
67.5

40
20

17.1
15.5
11.9
11.6
10.3

7.06
5.27
1.62
1.18
1.17

0
1

5.67
5.12
0.85
0.25
0.11

1.94
1.8
0.28
0.03
0

1.8
0.46
0.06
0.03
0

0.15
0.07
0.01
0

4 (%)2007

4 2007 1~7
- 113 http://www.j-es.org

1-7

86.8%17.1%7.06%5.67%1.94%1.8%0.15%
67.5%
10.3%1.17%0.11%000 1234 123
1 86.8%=
86.8%>86.7%>70.26%>67.5% 2
17.1%>15.5%>11.9%>11.6%>
10.3% 3 7.06%>5.27%>
1.62%>1.18%>1.17% 4
5.67%>5.12%>0.85%>0.25%>0.11%
5 1.94%>1.8%>0.28%>
0.03%>0 6 1.8%>0.46%>
0.06%>0.03%>0 7
0.15%>0.07%>0.01%>0=0
2007 1 2-7

1
79% 2-7

4.1.2

90
85
80
75
1989
2000
2007

70
65

18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10

1989
2000
2007

5 1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

6 2
6
5
1989
2000
2007

4
1989
2000
2007

3
2
1
0

7 3

8 4

1989 2000 2007 1 5


1989 2000
2007 2000 2 6 1989
2000 2007
2000 3 7 1989 2000
- 114 http://www.j-es.org


2007 2000
4 81989 2000
2007
5 9 1989 2000
1989 2007
6 101989 2000
2007 7
111989 2000 2007

1.5

1989
2000
2007

1989
2000
2007

1
0.5

9 5
0.16
0.14
0.12
0.1
0.08
0.06
0.04
0.02
0

10 6
0.15
0.11

0.11
1989
2000
2007

0.07

0.02
0.015
0.01

11 7

1 3 4
2 5 6 7
1 3 4

4.2
1 19892000 (hm2)

23610.05

3145.82

535.2

251.72

61.98

25.92

3.15

27633.84

2 19892000 (hm2)

26726.12

4616.95

1132.9

1095.1

61.36

12.24

6.21

33650.88

19892000 1 2
27633.84 hm2 33650.88 hm2
1
23610.05hm2 26726.12hm2
- 115 http://www.j-es.org

2 3145.82hm2
4616.95hm2
3 535.2hm2 1132.9m2

4 251.72hm2 1095.1hm2
5 61.98hm2
61.36hm2
6 25.92hm2 12.24hm2
7
3.15hm2 6.21hm2

1 2 3 4 7
1 >2 >4 >3 >7 1 2 3 4
7 5 6
3 20002007 (hm2)

1
14428

2
2219.9

3
438.38

4
230.78

5
55.98

6
12.87

7
2.7

17388.19

4 20002010 (hm2)

1
18677

2
3556.7

3
740.03

4
286.98

5
60.84

6
7.56

7
0

23329.51

20002007 3 4
17388.19 hm2 23329.51 hm2
1
14428hm2 18677 hm2
2 2219.9 hm2 3556.7 m2

3 438.38 hm2 740.03 m2


4 230.78 hm2
286.9 hm2
5 55.98 hm2 60.84 hm2
6
12.87 hm2 7.56 hm2
7 2.7 hm2 0 hm2

1 2 3 4 5
1 >2 >3 >4 >5 1 2 3 3
5 6 7
1989-2007
1 2

5
- 116 http://www.j-es.org

1 1
79% 2-7
2

3 1 3 4
2 5 6 7
1 3 4
41989-2007
1 2

2013DAK05B01
41161060YJRC12054
2013ZD082013ZDPY04
20130430
2013MS0601

REFERENCES
[1]

Ci Longjun. Mechanism of desertification and sustainable strategies to combat Desertification in China[J].Quaternary Sciences,
1998 (2): 97-107

[2]

Wang Hui, Liu Qianzhi, Wang Jie. Land desertification integrated prevention and control technology[J].Beijing: Forestry
Publishing of China,1998.2-5

[3]

CCICCD. China Country Paper to Combat Desertification[M]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, 1996.18-31

[4]

Liang Tiangang. Research on Application of GIS in the assessment of agricultural water resources in semi-arid area of the
catchment[D].Lanzhou University,1998

[5]

Ma Yufeng, Jia Baoquan, Wang Wenming. Study on Land Use Change in Semiarid Farming-pasturing EcotoneA Case Study in
Ejinhollo Banner, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region[J].Arid Zone Research,2007,24(3):159-167

[6]

Wang Zongming, Zhang Bai, Zhang Shuqing. Analysis on Land Use Change and its Driving Forces in Jilin Province in Recent 20
Years[J].Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 2004,18(6):61-65

[7]

Zhang Jinti. A Study on the Setting up of Digital slope Model and Its APPlieation[J],Modern surveying and mapping,2005 (1):
209-210

[8]

Li Yuanke, Quan Zhijie. Remote Sensing monitoring and forecast of the desertification trends of yanchi county by GIS[J].Arid
Environmental Monitoring,1998,12 (4): 214-217

[9]

Yin Shan. Dynamic Study of Desertification in Hunshandake Sandy land of Inner Mongolia[D].Inner Mongolia Agricultural
University,2010,4

1963-

1989-

Email: yinshan@imnu.edu.cn

Email: 15598022233@163.com

- 117 http://www.j-es.org