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Research of Materials Science

June 2014, Volume 3, Issue 2, PP.36-43

The Effect of Aqueous Electrolyte on


Electrochemical Properties of Low-temperature
Reduced Graphene Oxide
Yuan Hou, Bangwen Zhang#, Ruiguang Xing, Chaoke Bulin
College of Material and Metallurgy, Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, Baotou 014010, China
#

Email: bangwenz@126.com

Abstract
Reduced graphene oxide (RGO) was prepared via low-temperature heat treatment, which was used to study on the effect of
aqueous electrolyte on electrochemical properties of RGO. The RGO were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field
emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM), the electrochemical properties of
RGO were investigated by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge/discharge and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
techniques. The results indicate that the retained functional groups were benefit for the improvement of specific capacitance and
the specific capacitance of RGO in 1 mol/LH2SO4 was better than that in 1 mol/L Na2SO4.
Keywords: Aqueous Electrolyte; Low-temperature; Reduced Graphene Oxide; Electrochemical Properties

014010

RGO

X XRDFTIRFESEMTEM
RGO
RGO
1 mol/LH2SO4 1 mol/LNa2SO4

[1-3]

[4]
[5-7]
[8-12]12
3
*

511640262010Y2004
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Hummers[13]
[14, 15][16][17]
>700400~700<400
[18]
[19]

[1,6]

1.1
G399 AR
AR
ARAR30%AR

PANalytical X'pert Powder X XRD 2 5


80 ZEISS Supra 55 FESEMTEM
OXFORD INSTRUMENTS X-max 20 EDS AMETEK
PARSTAT 2273

1.2
Hummers [13](GO) 80

35 4h 50 30wt%

340 2hAr

1.3
1 mol/L H2SO4 1 mol/L Na2SO4

75:20:5 11cm
10Mpa 12h

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2.1
2.1.1

GO TG

100
2

90

80

Weighe/%

60

Heat Flow/mW

DTA
70

TG

50

-2

40

30
0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

Temperature/

1 GO TG

1 GO ~700 TG-DTA TG GO
~125 12.55% GO
125~180 26.15% GO
180~340 26.4% GO
340 Ar [20]
340 2h
2.1.2

XRD

intensity/a.u

GO
RGO

10

20

30

40

50

60

2 /(deg.)
2 GO RGO XRD

2 GO RGO XRD GO 2 11 RGO


XRD 515
1530 43
[21]
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2.1.3

FTIR

GO
Transmittance/(a.u.)

C=O

4000

C-OH

C-OH

-OH

C-O

RGO

3600

3200

2800

2400

2000

1600

Wavenumber/cm

1200

800

400

-1

3 GO RGO FTIR

3 GO RGO GO 1730 cm-1 C=O 13651425 1615 cm-1 COH O-H 1080 cm-1 C-O RGO FTIR ,
GO

2.1.4

FSEM TEM

aRGO TEM

bRGO FSEM

cRGO

3 RGO TEM FSEM


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3 RGO TEM FSEM GO RGO


ab RGO FESEM
XRD TEM a
c RGO

2.2
2.2.1

Current Density / (A/g)

H2SO4
Na2SO4

-1

-2

-3
0.0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

Potential vs SCE / V
4 RGO 20 mV/s

4 20mV/s RGO
, 00.6 V ,
, RGO
4 H2SO4 Na2SO4 Cm
1[22];
V2

Cm

V idV
m v V2 V1
1

(1)

1, m (g); v v/sV V
H2SO4 Na2SO4 143F/g 81F/g
H+ Na+ H+
H2SO4
Na2SO4
2.2.2

Nyquist X [23] 5
H2SO4 0.19 0.79 H2SO4
Na2SO4 1/4

Nyquist H2SO4 Na2SO4


H2SO4 X

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22
20
18

Z''/

16
14

H2SO4

12

Na2SO4

10
8
6
4
2
0
0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

Z'/

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

5 RGO

2.2.3

0.8

Potential/V

Na2SO4
0.6

H2SO4

0.4

0.2

0.0

-20

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

Time/s
6 RGO (1 A/g)

6 1A/g RGO
,
Cm 2[22]
Cm

I t
m V

2m (g)I (A)t (s); V (V) H2SO4


Na2SO4 121F/g 46F/g
H2SO4 H+

1 GO RGO XRD GO
FESEM RGO GO
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2RGO 1 mol/L H2SO4 1 mol/L Na2SO4 H2SO4


H+ Na+ H+

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1985-

1982-

Email: hyuanhy@gmail.com

Email: xingrg06@163.com

1973-

1982-

Email: bangwenz@126.com

Email: quan820720@126.com

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