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Research Fellow, Watercope Project, University of Kassel, Germany

-Bayan-lgii

47

100

4000

Soma 2012a

2010 11 UNESCO

Conservation for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural

Heritage

UNESCO 2010a, 2010b

100

Golden

EagleAquila chrysaetos daphanea

Vulpes vulpesVulpes corsac

2012, Soma

2012b

GPS

Gamin Map62sAstro220

S.

- 327 -

Soma 2007; 2008 2011

Soma 2012a~d2000
400 - .

2012 6 1 15 / 7 31 9 8 56

20032013 1 150

2011

1
8 21 26

2
3

2012 9 29 10 27 29

3-1.

2012 12 17 2013 1 11 26

2 2012 12 30 2013

150

1 4

47

28

2 3

13

1994a, 1994b90

8 3

2000

- 328 -

Soma 2012b

54

3-3.

3-2.

100,000200,000MNT

6,00012,000

6 K 51

2 9

1 B35 1

KY38 100,000MNT 6,000

KE 46 12 5

OA 61 5
13

ER 34

D 6
MA25 1

4-1.

125

KE

2 4

12 S 54 5 B 2

47

S EB34 3

3,691 1,522

EB 2011 8

5,213 5

110 4.1

5 3 3

3.6% 9.4 8.6% 40.4 36.5%

56.9 51.2% 3 4

- 329 -

0.1%

70.8%29.8% 3

28

0.60.7%

200

6 n = 47

41 200

27 100

2 B 3 S 3

4 10

1,000

EJ - 350 JT 450 KJ 300

4-3.

12,00013,000

110201
Lg200101

Mg Lg

Mg100

1220

Sg 3

Sg KS 20

1,000 2 Lg

17 10 21 2011 4 2012 3

6 Mg 14 Sg 27 Lg

1 1 12

MgSg

15 1

68

47 100

35

100

4-2.

GPS

MgLg

2012 12 2228 4

2325

39 8

31 9

GPS

1.13.1km

17,92567,643m

1228%7

27

- 330 -

24 1

(3) Soma, Takuya and Battulga, Suhee. Heritage Tourism and

Altaic Kazakh Falconry in Western Mongolia: The Golden

Eagle Festival as an Axis of Cultural Alteration, In Official

Proceedings of International Conference of Tourism and

the Shifting Values of Cultural Heritage: Visiting Pasts,

Developing Futures: edited by Mike Robinson, (in press).

Taipei: Ironbridge International Institute for Cultural

Heritage, the University of Birmingham, 2013.

(4) Soma, Takuya. Ethnoarchaeology of Ancient Falconry in

East Asia, In. Conference Proceeding of 3rd Asian

Conference on Asian Studies (ACAS), (in press). Osaka

(Japan): The International Academic Forum (IAFOR),

2013.

Gombobaatar, S. & Usukhjargal, D. Birds of Hustai National

Park; Ulaanbaatar, Hustai National Park & Mongolian

35 100

Ornithological Society: 55. 2011.

- . - -

, , : 3. 2003.
, . ,
: 1994a.
, . ,

2324 2

: 1994b.
Soma, Takuya. Kyrgyz Falconry & Falconers and its
Transition. In Proceedings of Great Silk Road

Conference, Culture and Traditions, Then and Now,

130-139. Tashkent: Academy of Uzbekistan/ UNESCO,

2007.
Soma, Takuya. Ethnoarchaeology of Horse-Riding Falconry,
In The Asian Conference on the Social Sciences 2012

Official Conference Proceedings, 167-182. Nagoya

(Japan): The International Academic Forum (IAFOR),

2012a.
<http://iafor.org/acss2012_offprints/ACSS2012_offprint_0271.pdf>

Soma, Takuya. Intangible Cultural Heritage of Arts and


Knowledge for Coexisting with Golden Eagles -

1. =

Ethnographic Studies in Horseback Eagle-Hunting of

Altai-Kazakh

, 35, (in press). 2013.

the

Sciences Research, edited by Guy Tchibozo, 307-316.

falco (no.41): The Newsletter of the Middle East Falcon

Strasbourg (France): Analytrics, 2012b.

Research Group, (in press). UK: International Wildlife


Abu Dabi). 2013.

In Proceedings of

International Congress of Humanities and Social

(2) Soma, Takuya. Ethnographic Study of Altaic Kazakh, In.

Consultants Ltd (sponsored by The Environmental Agency,

Falconers,

<http://www.analytrics.org/Pages/HSSSubmittingforPublication.aspx>

Soma, Takuya. The Art of Horse-Riding Falconry by


Altai-Kazakh Falconers, In HERITAGE 2012 (vol.2):

- 331 -

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on

Inscription on the Representative List of the Intangible

Heritage and Sustainable Development, edited by

Cultural Heritage in 2010, Intergovernmental Committee

Rogrio Amoda, Srgio Lira, & Cristina Pinheiro,

for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage

1499-1506. Porto (Portugal): Green Line Institute for

(Fifth session, Nairobi, Kenya, November 2010),

Sustainable Development, 2012c.

UNESCO: 1-28. 2010a.


UNESCO. Falconry, a Living Human Heritage, 2010b.

<E-Book ISBN: 978-989-95671-8-4>.

Soma, Takuya. Contemporary Falconry in Altai-Kazakh in

<http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/index.php?lg=en&pg=

Western Mongolia In The International Journal of

00011&RL=00732> (Accessed: 28th February, 2013)

Intangible Heritage vol.7, edited by Alissandra Cummins,

103-111. Seoul: The National Folk Museum of Korea,

2012d.

16: 99-106. 2008.

<http://www.ijih.org/volumeMgr.ijih?cmd=volumeView&volNo=7&manu

< http://bungakubu.kokushikan.ac.jp/chiri/PDF/2008No16.pdf>

Type=02>

UNESCO. Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible

32: 38-47. 2012.

Cultural Heritage; Nomination File NO. 00442, For

100km
Google Earth

3 2012

4
- 332 -

5 10

1
Case*
Age** Age of Beginning
Unknown
A1
75
A2
56
25
1981
A3
51
22
1983
A4
50
25
1987
A5
45
15
1982
A6
39
17
1990
A7
30
20
2002
A8
30
22
2004
B1
53
37
1996
S1
95
30
1951
S2
74
20
1958
S3
71
22
1963
S4
66
30
1976
S5
65
25
1972
S6
61
30
1981
S7
55
15
1972
S8
54
30
1988
S9
51
35
1996
S10
51
30
1991
S11
47
39
2003
S12
46
26
1992
S13
44
25
1993
S14
40
22
1994
S15
36
15
1991
S16
34
17
1995
S17
32
25
2005
S18
28
16
2000
S19
27
10
1995
S20
25
15
2002
S21
22
22
2012
S22
20
16
2008
S23
17
11
2006
T1
90
30
1952
T2
70
15
1957
T3
65
19
1966
T4
58
43
1997
T5
54
40
1998
T6
49
20
1983
T7
46
42
2008
T8
45
23
1990
U1
80
30
1962
Unknown
U2
71
U3
63
46
1995
U4
56
15
1971
U5
52
20
1980
U6
46
32
1998
U7
35
25
2002
n= 47 (person)
* In order of age at each region
** As of October 2012

6 6

1930s

1940's

1950's

1960's

1970's

1980's

1990's

2000's

Region

Altai

Bogot

Sagsai

Tolbo

Ulaan-hus

- 333 -

14

10

2 (n=125)based on Statistic Department as of May 2012


Adult
Juvenile
Household
Camel Horse
Cattle
Sheep
Goat
Total
Camel Horse
Cattle
Sheep
Lg 201 ~ 700 head (n=15)
13
266
326
3,408
1,879
5,892
3
96
131
1,663
Mg 101 ~ 200 head (n=39)
36
249
304
2,378
2,526
5,493
11
83
126
1,112
Sg
0 ~ 100 head (n=71)
9
187
350
1,263
1,592
3,401
1
65
158
607
Total
58
702
980
7,049
5,997
14,786
15
244
415
3,382

Goat
835
1,089
800
2,724

3 (n=125)
Adult
Household
Camel Horse
Cattle
Sheep
Goat
Lg 201 ~ 700 head (n=15)
0.2%
4.5%
5.5%
57.8%
31.9%
Mg 101 ~ 200 head (n=39)
0.7%
4.5%
5.5%
43.3%
46.0%
Sg
0 ~ 100 head (n=71)
0.3%
5.5%
10.3%
37.1%
46.8%
Avarage
0.4%
4.7%
6.6%
47.7%
40.6%

4 (n=125)
Adult
Households
Camel Horse
Cattle
Sheep
Lg 201 ~ 700 head (n=15)
Mg 101 ~ 200 head (n=39)
Sg
0 ~ 100 head (n=71)
Total

Camel
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.2%

Horse
3.5%
3.4%
4.0%
3.6%

Juvenile
Cattle
Sheep
4.8%
61.0%
5.2%
45.9%
9.7%
37.2%
6.1%
49.9%

Goat
30.6%
45.0%
49.0%
40.2%

Total
2,728
2,421
1,631
6,780 head

Goat

Total

Camel
0.4
1.1
0.0
1.5

Horse
6.4
2.1
0.9
9.4

Juvenile
Cattle
Sheep
8.7
110.9
3.2
28.5
2.2
8.5
14.2
147.9

Goat
55.7
27.9
11.3
94.9

Total
181.9
62.1
23.0
266.9 head

Goat
1,902
40.5
51.5%

Total
3,691
78.5

Camel
1
0.0
0.1%

Horse
50
1.1
3.3%

Juvenile
Cattle
Sheep
136
561
2.9
11.9
8.9%
36.9%

Goat
774
16.5
50.9%

Total
1,522 head
32.4 head

Livestocks*
Avarage
Proportion
* total 47 households

6GPS
December, 2012
Distance
Sphere
Range
Total Grazing Time
Stopping
Time
Moving
Move/ Stop (%)
Average Speed
Speed
Moving Avrage
Max Speed

Camel
4
0.1
0.1%

Horse
143
3.0
3.9%

Adult
Cattle
Sheep
305
1,337
6.5
28.4
8.3%
36.2%

22th (sat)
1.7km
17925sqm
2h05min
35min
1h29min
(28.3 / 71.7)
0.8km/h
2.9km/h
8km/h

26th (wed)
2.7km
17244sqm
6h56min
51min
6h05min
(12.3 / 87.7)
0.4km/h
3.1km/h
6km/h

27th (thu)
1.1km
1437 sqm
4h59min
13min
4h46min
(4.5 / 95.6)
0.2km/h
5km/h
2.5km/h

- 334 -

28th (fri)
3.1km
67643sqm
7h46min
58min
6h48min
(12.5 / 87.5)
0.4km/h
3.2km/h
5km/h