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WORLDWIDE

ENGINEERING
STANDARDS
General Specification GMW14573
Global Performance Requirements for Labels
Copyright 2012 General Motors Company All Rights Reserved
April 2012
Originating Department: North American Engineering Standards
Page 1 of 16
1 Introduction
Note: Nothing in this standard supercedes applicable laws and regulations.
Note: In the event of conflict between the English and domestic language, the English language shall take
precedence.
1.1 Scope. This standard defines the requirements and strategy for labels on GM vehicles sold worldwide.
Labels required in this standard are intended to convey information as well as to comply with legal
requirements, product liability requirements, or information necessary for the handling of the vehicle throughout
the entire vehicle lifecycle.
A label is a message applied to a vehicle or component that warns, informs, or instructs. Any message other
than specifications, bar codes, or identification marks is classified as a label. Labels that are installed solely as
manufacturing aids are not covered by this document.
Wherever possible, label messages should be integrated into the component; e.g., embossed, debossed, pad
printed, laser etched, scribed, silk screened; to eliminate the need for a unique label part number and
assembly operation. This standard addresses the performance requirements for pressure sensitive adhesive,
in mold, and heat applied labels.
1.2 Mission/Theme. Not applicable.
1.3 Classification. All labels are categorized by a label classification system that relates to the specific
position of a label. The label classification system defines different sets of functional requirements specified in
this standard (refer to 3.2.1). Main parameters are label location, exposure to ultraviolet rays, and exposure to
fluids.
1.3.1 Additionally, special label characteristics may be defined as follows:
Characteristic: Self Destruct (SD)
The label shall break into small pieces upon removal.
Characteristic: Tamper Evident (TE)
The label shall delaminate and leave an adhesive footprint on the substrate material upon removal.
Characteristic: Integrated (INT)
The label cannot be removed without destroying or defacing the substrate (e.g., heat applied labels and in-
mold labels).
1.3.2 All label validation testing shall be performed on production intent labels located on production intent
components, installed using the production process.
1.3.3 The responsible GM release engineer is solely responsible to determine which label classification is
valid. The label classification will be part of the release drawing/CG605.
2 References
Note: Only the latest approved standards are applicable unless otherwise specified.
2.1 External Standards/Specifications.
ISO-X12 ISO/IEC 15415
ISO 105-A02 BS EN590
ISO 5084 SAE J2527
ISO 8510-2
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2.2 GM Standards/Specifications.
9981285 GMW14162
9984168 GMW14333
9986200 GMW14444
B 040 1990 GMW14729
GM9531P GMW14797
GME L0004 GMW14829
GME 14090 GMW14872
GMW3010 GMW15010
GMW3059 GMW15548
GMW3208 GMW15891
GMW3356 GMW16331
GMW14125 GMW16444
GMW14141
2.3 Additional References.
CG605 CLC-PDT Label Specification and Approval Form
International Material Data System (IMDS) at http://www.mdsystem.com
3 Requirements
3.1 Functional Requirements. The functional requirements define the quality of the label when delivered to
the customer.
3.1.1 The release artwork/drawings are created in Adobe Illustrator. The supplier shall be able to read the
following formats: Adobe Illustrator file (.ai), Portable Document Format file (PDF), Encapsulated PostScript file
(EPS) or Computer Graphics Metafile (CGM). The supplier shall contact the responsible GM Release Engineer
for artwork/drawing.
3.1.2 The label shall fulfill the specific layout shown on the artwork/drawing released by the responsible GM
engineer (Release Drawing). The responsible GM engineer assesses the quality, colors, symbols, and
verbiage of the label. In case of any conflict, the file (.ai) is the master file that will be used to assess the quality
of the part. The supplier shall obtain approval by the responsible GM engineer, using the Production Parts
Approval Process (PPAP) process, prior to shipment of labels for use on GM products.
3.1.3 Colors are defined by Pantone color matching system, Deutsches Institut fr Gtesicherung und
Kennzeichnung e.V. (RAL) or, for white color, Natural Color System (NCS). For gold and silver colors, the
responsible GM Release Engineer will define reference samples and/or boundary samples. The responsible
GM Release Engineer is the final arbiter to approve label color.
3.1.4 Prior to the supplier making any changes to material or processing of a released label, the supplier shall
inform and get approval from the responsible GM Release Engineer and shall wait for their approval. All
changes must follow the PPAP process.
3.1.5 The supplier is responsible to perform Design Failure Mode Effects Analysis (DFMEA) and Process
Failure Mode Effects Analysis (PFMEA). In case of a critical item, the supplier is responsible to contact and
inform the responsible GM Release Engineer. Furthermore, on request of the responsible GM Release
Engineer the supplier shall provide the complete FMEA documentation.
3.1.6 The supplier shall identify opportunities for cost reduction. The supplier shall support all activities to
reduce product cost and total system cost.
3.1.7 Supplier Technical Representative.
3.1.7.1 The supplier shall nominate a technical representative responsible to coordinate all project items and
be able to support findings of technical solution.
3.1.7.2 The technical representative must be located in the country where the part will be designed or
engineered or released. Upon request by the responsible GM Release Engineer, the technical representative
must be present, within one (1) day, in project meetings at the location where the part is released.
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3.1.7.3 The representative shall support express shipment of samples and materials. The GM Release
Engineer will provide production intent parts of the substrate (if available) for product validation testing upon
request by the supplier. The GM Release Engineer will ship the parts to the representative.
3.1.8 Other Requirements.
3.1.8.1 Label Quality. The requirements to ensure label quality throughout the useful life of the vehicle are
defined in 3.5 of this document.
3.1.8.2 Material Requirements. Functional requirements are independent of materials. Specific material
requirements are defined in 3.9 of this document. The supplier is responsible to choose the appropriate
materials, adhesive and, if printed by the supplier, the printing process.
3.2 System/Subsystem/Component/Part Definition.
3.2.1 Label Classification.
3.2.1.1 Engine Compartment Labels (A).
3.2.1.1.1 Labels are inside the engine compartment.
3.2.1.1.2 Labels of this type shall not be mounted on the engine block. (See classification G for engine block
labels.)
3.2.1.1.3 Examples include labels on painted sheet metal, plastic covers, batteries, or fluid containers.
3.2.1.2 Exposed Exterior Labels (B).
3.2.1.2.1 The position of the label is visible, outside of the body.
3.2.1.2.2 Examples include Trailer Hitch Label, Pick-up Bed Liner Label, and Luggage/Ski Rack Loading Label.
3.2.1.3 Intermittently Exposed Exterior Labels (C).
3.2.1.3.1 Labels are positioned outside of the rubber seals, only visible with a door opened.
3.2.1.3.2 Examples include labels on the door pillars and labels inside the fuel filler door.
3.2.1.4 Exposed Interior Labels (D).
3.2.1.4.1 Labels are positioned inside the vehicle and exposed to sunlight, positioned inside the rubber seals.
3.2.1.4.2 This classification of labels includes exposed labels and labels on the outside surface (show side) of
the sun visor.
3.2.1.4.3 Examples include Airbag Sun Visor Labels, Utility Vehicle Handling Labels, Seat Belt Labels, and
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
3.2.1.4.4 Other permanent labels exposed on the interior are sewn on labels. These labels may be made from
polyester, polyolefin or polyethylene.
3.2.1.4.4.1 Tensile Strength of label fabrics when tested to GMW3010 must exceed 21 N/100 cm when tested
in machine direction.
3.2.1.4.4.2 Thickness of the sewn on labels must have a thickness of 0.17 0.2 mm when measured per
ISO 5084.
3.2.1.4.4.3 Color Crocking for sewn on labels when tested to ISO-X12, shall be greater than four (4) when
compared against the International Organization of Standards (ISO) grey scale after 10 strokes both wet and
dry.
3.2.1.4.4.4 Dye Migration of sewn on labels shall be four (4) or greater when compared to the grey scale after
testing to GMW14141.
3.2.1.4.4.5 Adhesion tests, temperature cycling, humidity and repositionability testing may be omitted for sewn
on labels. All other requirements for interior (D) labels must be met.
3.2.1.5 Non-Exposed Interior Labels (E).
3.2.1.5.1 Labels are inside the vehicle but not regularly exposed to sunlight, positioned inside the rubber seals.
3.2.1.5.2 This classification of labels includes non-exposed labels and sun visor labels exposed only by folding
down the sun visor or opening the door.
3.2.1.5.3 Examples include labels on inner surface (stowed side) of the sun visor, and labels inside stowage
compartments.
3.2.1.6 Exposed Interior Labels Temporary (F).
3.2.1.6.1 Labels are positioned inside the vehicle and exposed to sunlight, positioned inside the rubber seals.
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3.2.1.6.2 Removable adhesives are used or other temporary attachment methods.
3.2.1.6.3 Examples include Price Labels, Mileage Accumulation Labels, and Airbag Hang Tags.
3.2.1.7 Engine/Transmission Labels (G).
3.2.1.7.1 Labels are adhered directly to the engine block or transmission.
3.2.1.7.2 Examples include Engine Identification Labels and Transmission Identification Labels.
3.2.1.8 Exposed Exterior Labels Temporary (H).
3.2.1.8.1 Labels are positioned outside the vehicle and exposed to sunlight. Labels may be adhered directly to
Class A painted surfaces.
3.2.1.8.2 Examples include Fuel Door Instruction Labels and Do Not Open Labels.
3.2.2 Interfaces.
3.2.2.1 Mounting Surface.
3.2.2.1.1 The label material and adhesive must be selected to adhere to the specified mounting surface or
substrate taking into consideration material graining and surface geometry. The supplier must be aware,
especially for a major facelift program, that during the development of the components the mounting surface
may change. This is valid even until shortly before start of saleable vehicles.
3.2.2.1.2 Surface to which label is to be applied should be cleaned with an isopropyl alcohol or a 1:1 solution of
deionized water and isopropyl alcohol.
3.2.2.1.3 The label and adhesive must be compatible with the surface to which it is applied. The adhesive layer
must not bleed after application.
3.2.2.2 Physical Interfaces.
3.2.2.2.1 Substrate. The supplier can request details about the mounting surface or substrate from the
responsible GM engineer. The intended substrate material is provided on the drawing/CG605 and is shown in
the math. For PPAP submission, all validation testing shall be performed on production intent labels located on
production intent components, installed using the production process. Relocation of label on a different
substrate warrants revalidation.
3.2.2.2.2 Location. Labels shall not be located in areas where label surface will interfere with any type of seal
or where constant contact with an abrasive source may be encountered.
3.2.2.2.3 Dimensions, Dimensional Fits. The position and the mounting requirements for the labels are
defined by the specific Vehicle Assembly Structure (VAS) or Installation drawings (covers also interface
drawings), created in Unigraphics (UG) format.
3.3 Adhesion Requirements. Label material approved to this specification, which contain pressure sensitive
adhesives, must meet adhesion requirements for given classification, as specified in 4.7, when tested over
polypropylene substrates per GMW15548 (for Development Only).
3.4 Integration Requirements.
3.4.1 Harmony/Human Factors (Styling). The graphic design (styling) is defined on the release drawing/.ai
file.
3.4.2 Recycling/Recovery. Refer to 3.9.5.
3.4.2.1 Design of Recyclable/Recoverable Systems. The label material should be chosen for recyclability.
3.5 Dependability. Dependability, as it relates to Quality, Reliability, and Durability (QRD), is the ability of the
subsystem to function during its target life within the performance levels specified in this standard.
3.5.1 Target Life.
3.5.1.1 The target life of the labels shall be minimum 15 years for all regulated permanent labels.
3.5.1.2 The target life of temporary labels shall be 1 year.
3.5.1.3 The target life requirement of the vehicle shall cover all usual environmental conditions and all common
usage by the customer.
3.5.1.4 The target life requirement for the label shall also cover normal deterioration of the mounting surface
and its material.
3.5.2 Supplier Responsibility.
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3.5.2.1 The supplier is responsible to choose the material and adhesive, so that the labels fulfill all
requirements for the lifetime of the vehicle.
3.5.2.2 The supplier shall demonstrate through testing and analysis that the labels fulfill the minimum
requirements of the target life.
3.5.2.3 The supplier shall fulfill all legal requirements, standards, norms, GM specifications related to the
specific label and consumer organization recommendations regarding all special tests therein.
3.5.2.4 The labels shall pass all Product Validation (PV) tests specified in the GM Label Product Validation
Test Matrix (Table A1). The supplier shall submit complete documentation with approved results for all Product
Validation tests at PPAP submission. Additionally, the responsible GM Release Engineer may decide to
perform Production Validation tests internally.
3.5.2.5 The responsible GM Release Engineer has the authority to decide if a Production Validation test can
be modified or eliminated for a specific label release. The responsible GM Release Engineer is the final arbiter
regarding the assessment and interpretation of test results.
3.5.3 Wear-Out Items.
3.5.3.1 The labels shall withstand and show no deterioration by normal cleaning procedures by consumers,
dealers or rental vehicle companies.
3.5.3.2 Any bar code on the label shall be able to be scanned during the target life unless otherwise specified.
3.6 Reliability/Durability.
3.6.1 Ambient Operation Requirements. The label shall withstand and show no deterioration under all
climate conditions and in all countries where the vehicle will be sold.
3.6.2 Ambient Transport and Storage Requirements. The labels shall not be adversely affected by storage,
especially when:
3.6.2.1 Unattached up to six (6) months in a temperature range between 15 to 30 C.
3.6.2.2 Label sheets or label rolls are stacked up.
3.6.2.3 Labels are transported by air or sea.
3.6.3 Reliability/Durability Requirements. The labels shall not be negatively affected by any of the following
environmental exposures, i.e., the labels shall show no evidence of delaminating, loss of printing, loss of
adhesive or any other effect that would render them illegible for the life of the vehicle.
3.6.4 Damage Resistance. The label shall be designed to avoid damage in case of certain misuse cases
during transportation and assembly. The responsible GM Release Engineer determines during the
development process if specific misuse tests have to be fulfilled.
3.7 Serviceability. See GMW15010.
3.7.1 Service Parts. The supplier shall provide labels for service replacement for 15 years after end of
production of the vehicle.
3.8 Manufacturability.
3.8.1 Handling and Installation Requirements.
3.8.1.1 The supplier is responsible to ensure that there are no installation related issues at the assembly plant,
i.e., labels must be easy to install, and should not be crumpled, folded or destroyed in any other way during
handling.
3.8.1.2 The label must be designed to be easily released from the protective release liner or paper, whether
the operator wears gloves or not. The supplier shall contact the plant responsible to gather any special
conditions under which the label will be handled. The responsible GM Release Engineer and the plant
responsible will be the final arbiters for acceptance of the label material.
3.8.1.3 The label and its adhesive shall be adequate for mounting on normally processed vehicles without a
special cleaning process of the mounting surfaces. It shall be designed to be applied within a temperature
range from 15 to 40 C. After application, the vehicle can be stored in a temperature range from -25 to + 45 C
with the associated sun loading and humidity without detriment to the label.
3.8.1.4 The label shall be designed to be repositionable within 1 minute after installation. The responsible GM
Release Engineer may decide not to apply the repositioning requirement for a specific label.
3.8.2 Supplier Requirements.
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3.8.2.1 Direct Supply Labels.
3.8.2.1.1 The labels shall be provided on rolls unless otherwise specified on the drawing/CG605. Note: The
responsible GM Release Engineer defines on the drawing/CG605 if the labels shall be delivered on sheets;
including family sets, individually cut, or rolls.
3.8.2.1.2 The format of the rolls shall fit to the specific production equipment (distribution equipment), if
applicable.
3.8.2.1.3 The responsible GM Release Engineer may require perforation between each label supplied on rolls
and family sets.
3.8.2.2 In-Plant Labels. Suppliers of labels that are printed in the GM plant or labels that have additional
verbiage and graphics added at the GM plant (in-plant labels) must fulfill the additional requirements described
in 3.8.2.2.1 thru 3.8.2.2.5.
3.8.2.2.1 The label supplier shall supply the label material.
3.8.2.2.2 The label supplier shall ensure that the label material is compatible with the implemented equipment,
including, but not limited to: printer ribbon, toner, programming parameters, in order to produce optimal results.
3.8.2.2.3 The label supplier shall support all changes of the hardware and software of the implemented
equipment as far as the label material is concerned.
3.8.2.2.4 The label supplier shall support manufacturing personnel.
3.8.2.2.5 The supplier shall be responsible to complete PPAP/PV requirements on finished labels after being
processed in the GM plant. This applies for the release of new label material, all changes of label material, and
for all changes in production equipment.
3.9 Materials Guidelines.
3.9.1 Label Material. The supplier is responsible to provide a label material that meets the GM Label Product
Validation Test Matrix requirements (Refer to Appendix A, Table A1).
3.9.2 Production Intent Materials. Testing is to be performed on production intent labels, located on
production intent components, and installed using the production process.
3.9.3 Preferred Materials. The supplier does the selection of appropriate materials.
3.9.4 Materials to be Avoided. The use of Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) based materials should be avoided.
3.9.5 Restricted and Reportable Substances.
3.9.5.1 The system design shall comply with the most recent version of GMW3059, Restricted and Reportable
Substances for Parts. Legal requirements and rules for materials must be followed.
3.9.5.2 The verification of conformity will be completed by using IMDS (http://www.mdsystem.com). The label
supplier shall be responsible to fill in the IMDS database and to update it whenever necessary.
3.10 Other Requirements.
3.10.1 Identification and Marking. Marking of labels shall be made in accordance with GME14090 and
GMW16331.
Note: The GM logo may be omitted when there is a cost penalty for including the logo. The GM Release
Engineer is the final arbiter for the decision to omit the logo.
3.10.2 Documentation. The supplier is fully responsible for complete documentation of the label, the
engineering and production process, etc., according to the usual quality norms requested by GM and official
authorities. Upon request of the responsible GM Release Engineer, the supplier shall grant access to these
documents.
4 Validation
4.1 Validation Requirements.
4.1.1 The supplier shall furnish label samples along with test data and photos of tested labels, at no cost to
GM, upon request of the responsible GM Release Engineer.
4.1.2 Parts used for validation testing may be wiped with isopropyl alcohol.
4.1.3 Labels shall be adhered to production intent surface and be stored 24 h at room temperature prior to
testing.
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4.1.4 After humidity, temperature cycling, or heat aging conditioning, parts must be wiped dry and stored 1 h at
room temperature (18 to 25 C) before testing.
4.1.5 All product validation testing (refer to Appendix A, Table A1) shall be performed with labels mounted to
the production intent surface with correct graining and material installed using the production process. The
Taber Abrader abrasion test is the only exception.
4.2 Validation Testing.
4.2.1 Determination of Appropriate Adhesion Test. The adhesion test utilized (1a, 1b, 1c, or 1d) is
dependent on the characteristic of the label (e.g., no special characteristics, self destruct, integrated, or tamper
evident) and the classification of the label (e.g., A, B, C, D, E, F, G, or H).
4.2.2 Tamper Evident Labels (Adhesion Test 1c). For tamper evident labels, a footprint shall remain after
removal of label classification types A, B, C, D, E, or G. This footprint can consist of parts of the label or
adhesive that stays on the mounting surface, or be a chemical reaction on the mounting surface that can be
detected under Ultraviolet (UV) light or similar.
4.2.3 Product Validation Tests. Apply the appropriate product validation tests per the label classification type
(refer to Appendix A, Table A1) as outlined in 4.2.3.1 thru 4.2.3.8.
4.2.3.1 Engine Compartment Labels (A). Perform test numbers 1 (a thru d according to characteristic), 2b,
3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 3e, 3f-1, 3f-2, 4, 5b, 6b, 10 and 11.
4.2.3.2 Exposed Exterior Labels (B). Perform test numbers 1 (a thru d according to characteristic), 2b, 3a,
3c, 3e, 3f-2, 4, 5a, 6a, 8b, 10, and 11.
Note: Test 8b is only applicable to Exposed Exterior Labels (B). Results can take up to three (3) months.
Interim assessment may be completed after two (2) or six (6) weeks to ensure that the release timing is not at
risk. The responsible GM Release Engineer may decide not to apply this test based on engineering judgment,
i.e., if similar results are already available.
4.2.3.3 Intermittently Exposed Exterior Labels (C). Perform test numbers 1 (a thru d according to
characteristic), 2a, 3a, 3e (in fuel filler area), 3f-1, 3f-2, 4, 5a, 6a, 8a and 11.
4.2.3.4 Exposed Interior Labels (D). Perform test numbers 1 (a thru d according to characteristic), 2b, 3a,
3f-2, 4, 5b, 6d, 7, 9, and 11.
4.2.3.5 Non-Exposed Interior Labels (E). Perform test numbers 1 (a thru d according to characteristic), 2b,
3a, 3f-2, 4, 5a, 6d, and 11.
4.2.3.6 Exposed Interior Labels Temporary (F). Perform test numbers 1d (24 h after applying), 2d, 4, 6d,
7, 11, and 13.
4.2.3.7 Engine/Transmission Labels (G). Perform test numbers 1c, 2c, 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, 3e, 3f-1, 3f-2, 3g, 3h,
4, 5c, 6c, 10, 11 and 12.
4.2.3.8 Exposed Exterior Labels - Temporary (H). Perform test numbers 1d (24 h after applying), 2d, 3a, 4,
5a, 6a, 7, 11, and 14.
4.3 Interpretation of Results.
4.3.1 OK Appearance. OK Appearance is interpreted as no de-bonding, no wear, no change in appearance
compared to delivery status. Slight color changes may be acceptable, to be assessed by responsible GM
Release Engineer.
4.3.2 Ultimate Approval. The responsible GM Release Engineer shall be the final arbiter for all assessment of
the PV test results.
5 Provisions for Shipping
The labels shall be packed in order to avoid part damage during shipping and storage. A container of labels
shall not weigh in excess of ergonomic guidelines specified by GM.
6 Notes
6.1 Glossary. Not applicable.
6.2 Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Symbols.
.ai Adobe Illustrator File Type
ANSI American National Standards Institute
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CGM Computer Graphics Metafile file type
DFMEA Design Failure Mode Effects Analysis
EPS Encapsulated PostScript file type
FMEA Failure Mode Effects Analysis
GSSLT Global Subsystem Leadership Team
GM General Motors
GME General Motors Europe
IMDS International Material Data System
INT Integrated
ISO International Organization of Standards
NCS Natural Color System
PDF Portable Document Format File Type
PFMEA Process Failure Mode Effects Analysis
PPAP Production Parts Approval Process
PV Product Validation
PVC Poly Vinyl Chloride
QRD Quality, Reliability, Durability
RAL Deutsches Institut fr Gtesicherung und Kennzeichnung e.V.
SD Self Destruct
TE Tamper Evident
UG Unigraphics
UPC Uniform Parts Classification
UV Ultraviolet
VAS Vehicle Assembly Structure
VIN Vehicle Identification Number
7 Additional Paragraphs
7.1 All parts or systems supplied to this standard must comply with the requirements of GMW3059, Restricted
and Reportable Substances for Parts.
8 Coding System
This standard shall be referenced in other documents, drawings, etc., as follows:
GMW14573
This standard may be referenced on drawings or CG605 as follows:
GMW14573 (x), y
Where:
x indicates label classification per 3.2.1
y indicates label classification per 1.3.1
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9 Release and Revisions
This standard was originated in October 2005. It was first approved by the Global Label Subsystem Leadership
Team in September 2006. It was first published in September 2006.
Issue Publication Date Description (Organization)
1 SEP 2006 Initial Publication
2 NOV 2007 Increased adhesive strengths; Editorial. (Global Label and
Literature Subsystem Leadership Team)
3 MAY 2010 2.2: revised references. 3.2.1.3: changed from Non-Exposed
to Intermittently Exposed. 3.2.1.7: added classification G.
3.2.1.8 added classification H. Expanded Table 1 (changed
abrasion test requirements; added exposure levels for artificial
weathering test 8; deleted flammability test and fogging test,
added durability schedule tests for classification G, added
Shear Test for classification F, added 9984168 test for
classification H); and moved it to replace Appendix A. (Labels
and Literature GSSLT)
4 APR 2012
3.2.1.4.4 Added section for sewn on labels.
4.1.1 Added wording for photos of tested labels.
4.2.2 Corrected references to adhesion test for tamper
evidence.
4.2.3.1 Added pressure testing 10.
4.2.3.4 Changed heat aging test to 6d.
4.2.3.5 Changed heat aging test to 6d.
4.2.3.6 Added heat aging test 6d.
4.2.3.8 Changed heat aging to 6a.
4.3.1: Added wording on slight color changes.
Table A1: Expanded Classification column to include title of
each classification for easy reference.
Table A1: Test 2a: Added optional specification for crockmeter
equipment.
Table A1, Test 3f: Changed to Test 3f-1 for Ethanol Dipping
for A, C, G, only; added Test 3f-2 for Ethanol Rubbing
GMW15891.
Table A1, Test 3h: Added BS EN590.
Table A1, Test 5: Added two repetitions for all test types.
Table A1, Test 6: Corrected classification groups for proper
temperatures; added 6d for interior labels.
Table A1, Test 7: Clarified Test Specification (Method B at
28 MJ/m
2
or Method D at 225 kJ/m
2
)
Table A1, Test 9: Replaced GMW3417 and GMW14231 with
GMW14444 3.3.
Table A1, Test 10: Added water jet reference.
Table A1, Test 11: Added applicability statement.
Copyright General Motors Company
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GM WORLDWIDE ENGINEERING STANDARDS GMW14573


Copyright 2012 General Motors Company All Rights Reserved
April 2012 Page 10 of 16
Appendix A
Table A1: GM Label Product Validation Test Matrix
Note: See 3.2.1 for complete Label Classification descriptions.
Classification
Test
Number
Requirement Test Name
Test
Specification
Required Test
Output/
Target Value
Characteristic:
Self Destruct
A: Engine Compartment
B: Exposed Exterior
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
D: Exposed Interior
E: Non-Exposed Interior
1a Adhesion
Resistance to Peel
Strength
I. After Delivery
II. After Humidity
Exposure
III. After
Temperature
Cycle Test
ISO 8510-2
Grip Separation
10 mm/minute
Breaking into
Pieces at
Debonding
Characteristic:
Integrated
A: Engine Compartment
B: Exposed Exterior
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
D: Exposed Interior
E: Non-Exposed Interior
1b Adhesion
Cross-Hatch Tape
Adhesion (for heat
applied and in mold
labels only)
I. After Delivery
II. After Humidity
Exposure
III. After
Temperature
Cycle Test
GMW14829
(3 mm)
Rating 1 maximum
or
95% retention
Characteristic:
Tamper Evident
A: Engine Compartment
B: Exposed Exterior
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
D: Exposed Interior
E: Non-Exposed Interior
G: Engine/Transmission
(add)
1c Adhesion
Resistance to Peel
Strength
I. After Delivery
II. After Humidity
Exposure
III. After
Temperature
Cycle Test
ISO 8510-2
Grip Separation
300 mm/minute
Delaminate and
Leave a Footprint
at De-bonding.
Characteristic:
No Special
Characteristics
A: Engine Compartment
B: Exposed Exterior
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
D: Exposed Interior
E: Non-Exposed Interior
F: Exposed Interior
Temporary
H: Exposed Exterior
Temporary
1d Adhesion
Resistance to Peel
Strength
I. After Delivery
II. After Humidity
Exposure
III. After
Temperature
Cycle Test
Remark:
Alternatively, a label
requiring test 1d that
fulfills test 1a may
also be accepted.
ISO 8510-2
Grip Separation
300 mm/minute
Peel Strength
minimum
4.4 N/cm or
cohesive failure of
substrate
Exception:
Temporary Labels
- minimum 1 N/cm,
maximum 5 N/cm
Copyright General Motors Company
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GM WORLDWIDE ENGINEERING STANDARDS GMW14573
Copyright 2012 General Motors Company All Rights Reserved
April 2012 Page 11 of 16
Classification
Test
Number
Requirement Test Name
Test
Specification
Required Test
Output/
Target Value
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
2a
Abrasion
Resistance
Abrasion Resistance
Test - Linear
Abrasion Testing
GMW14125
Friction Media:
2 Crock Cloths
on 15.7 mm
Diameter Crock
Head Attachment
Stroke Length:
5 cm (2 in)
Speed:
30 cycles/minute
Cycles: 1000
Pressure force:
15.0 N
Crockmeter with
Arm Weighted to
15 N May be
Used.
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
Bar Code Print
Quality, When
Present, SHALL
BE ANSI Grade C
or Better at GM
Point of Scan.
Evaluate Using
ISO/IEC 15415.
A: Engine Compartment
B: Exposed Exterior
D: Exposed Interior
E: Non-Exposed Interior
2b
Abrasion
resistance
Abrasion Resistance
Test
GMW3208
CS10 Wheel
500 g Weight
100 Cycles
OK Appearance
(see 4.3).
Bar Code Print
quality, When
Present, SHALL
BE ANSI Grade C
or Better at GM
Point of Scan.
Evaluate Using
ISO/IEC 15415.
G: Engine/Transmission 2c
Abrasion
resistance
Abrasion Resistance
Test
GMW3208
CS10 Wheel
500 g Weight
300 Cycles
OK appearance
(see 4.3)
Bar Code Print
Quality, when
Present, SHALL
BE ANSI Grade C
or Better at GM
Point of Scan.
Evaluate Using
ISO/IEC 15415.
F: Exposed Interior
Temporary
H: Exposed Exterior
Temporary
2d
Abrasion
resistance
Abrasion Resistance
Test
GMW3208
CS10 Wheel
500 g Weight
50 Cycles
OK Appearance
(see 4.3).
Bar Code Print
Quality, When
Present, SHALL
BE ANSI Grade C
or Better at GM
Point of Scan.
Evaluate Using
ISO/IEC 15415.
Copyright General Motors Company
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GM WORLDWIDE ENGINEERING STANDARDS GMW14573
Copyright 2012 General Motors Company All Rights Reserved
April 2012 Page 12 of 16
Classification
Test
Number
Requirement Test Name
Test
Specification
Required Test
Output/
Target Value
A: Engine Compartment
B: Exposed Exterior
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
D: Exposed Interior
E: Non-Exposed Interior
G: Engine/Transmission
H: Exposed Exterior -
Temporary
3a
Resistance
to Fluids
Detergent
Resistance Test
Sonax or
9981285
Immersion for 4 h
at 23 C
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
A: Engine Compartment
G: Engine/Transmission
3b
Resistance
to Fluids
Engine Oil
Resistance Test
GME L0004
Classification A
- Immersion for
4 h at 120 C;
Classification G
- Immersion for
4 h at 150 C
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
A: Engine Compartment
B: Exposed Exterior
G: Engine/Transmission
3c
Resistance
to Fluids
Windshield Washer
Fluid Resistance
Test
B 040 1990
Immersion for 4 h
at 23 C
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
A: Engine Compartment
G: Engine/Transmission
3d
Resistance
to Fluids
Brake Fluid
Resistance Test
GMW3356
Classification A
- Immersion for
4 h at 23 C;
Classification G
- Immersion for
4 h at 120 C
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
A: Engine Compartment
B: Exposed Exterior
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
G: Engine/Transmission
3e
Resistance
to Fluids
Fuel Resistance
Test
GMW14333-A Rating 3
A: Engine Compartment
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
G: Engine/Transmission
3f-1
Resistance
to fluids
Ethanol for Cleaning
Test (Dipping Test)
GMW14333-B
Classification C
Only for Fuel
Door Labels
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
A: Engine Compartment
B: Exposed Exterior
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
D: Exposed Interior
E: Non-Exposed Interior
G: Engine/Transmission
3f-2
Resistance
to Fluids
Ethanol for Cleaning
Test (Rubbing Test)
GMW15891
Used as a
chemical
resistance test
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
G: Engine/Transmission 3g
Resistance
to Fluids
Transmission Fluid
Resistance Test
GMW16444
Immersion for 4 h
at 150 C
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
Copyright General Motors Company
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GM WORLDWIDE ENGINEERING STANDARDS GMW14573
Copyright 2012 General Motors Company All Rights Reserved
April 2012 Page 13 of 16
Classification
Test
Number
Requirement Test Name
Test
Specification
Required Test
Output/
Target Value
G: Engine/Transmission 3h
Resistance
to Fluids
Ultra Low Sulfur
Diesel Fuel
Resistance Test
9986200 or
BS EN590
Immersion for
4 h at 23 C
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
A: Engine Compartment
B: Exposed Exterior
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
D: Exposed Interior
E: Non-Exposed Interior
F: Exposed Interior
Temporary
G: Engine/Transmission
H: Exposed Exterior -
Temporary
4
Humidity
Resistance
Humidity Resistance
Test
GMW14729
144 h either
Method A or B
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
B: Exposed Exterior
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
E: Non-Exposed Interior
H: Exposed Exterior -
Temporary
5a
Temperatur
e Cycle
Resistance
Resistance to
Temperature Cycle
Test
30 minutes at
90 C
15 minutes at
23 C
30 minutes at
-30 C
15 minutes at
23 C
Repeat for Two
More Cycles
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
A: Engine Compartment
D: Exposed Interior
5b
Temperatur
e Cycle
Resistance
Resistance to
Temperature Cycle
Test
30 minutes at
120 C
15 minutes at
23 C
30 minutes at
-30 C
15 minutes at
23 C
Repeat for Two
More Cycles
OK appearance
(see 4.3)
G: Engine/Transmission 5c
Temperatur
e Cycle
Resistance
Resistance to
Temperature Cycle
Test
30 minutes at
150 C
15 minutes at
23 C
30 minutes at -
30 C
15 minutes at
23 C
Repeat for Two
More Cycles
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
Copyright General Motors Company
Provided by IHS under license with General Motors Company Licensee=Autoliv/5928813001, User=Scovill, Terri
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GM WORLDWIDE ENGINEERING STANDARDS GMW14573
Copyright 2012 General Motors Company All Rights Reserved
April 2012 Page 14 of 16
Classification
Test
Number
Requirement Test Name
Test
Specification
Required Test
Output/
Target Value
B: Exposed Exterior
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
H: Exposed Exterior -
Temporary
6a Heat Aging
Heat Resistance
Test (7 days)
7 days at 90 C
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
A: Engine Compartment 6b Heat Aging
Heat Resistance
Test (7 days)
7 days at 120 C
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
G: Engine/Transmission 6c Heat Aging
Heat Resistance
Test (1600 h)
1600 h at 150 C
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
D: Exposed Interior
E: Non-Exposed Interior
F: Exposed Interior
Temporary
6d Heat Aging
Heat Resistance
Test (7 days)
7 days at 90 C
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
D: Exposed Interior
F: Exposed Interior
Temporary
H: Exposed Exterior -
Temporary
7
Color
fastness
Color Fastness to
Artificial Lights Test
GMW14162
Method B
28 MJ/m
2
or Method D
225 kJ/m
2
Rating 4 minimum
to ISO 105-A02
(VIN4-5)
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
8a
Artificial
Weathering
Weather Resistance
Test
GMW14797
Table 3 -
Weather
Resistance,
which requires
SAE J2527 with
Extended UV
Filters,
600 kJ/m
2
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
B: Exposed Exterior 8b
Artificial
Weathering
Weather Resistance
Test
GMW14797
Table 3 -
Weather
Resistance,
which requires
SAE J2527 with
Extended UV
Filters,
2500 kJ/m
2
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
Copyright General Motors Company
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Copyright 2012 General Motors Company All Rights Reserved
April 2012 Page 15 of 16
Classification
Test
Number
Requirement Test Name
Test
Specification
Required Test
Output/
Target Value
D: Exposed Interior 9
Natural
Weathering
Interior
Trims/Materials
Exposure Tolerance
Evaluation Test
(for Development
Only)
GMW14444
Samples shall
follow the
exposure
requirements of
GMW14444
Section 3.3.3
according to
location of the
label under solar
absorbing glass.
Where non-solar
glass is used,
samples shall be
exposed
according to
regional
requirements as
determined by
the regional
Materials
Engineering
Group.
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
A: Engine Compartment
B: Exposed Exterior
G: Engine/Transmission
10
Pressure
Testing
(Water Jet)
Resistance to High
Pressure Cleaning
Test
GM9531P
Method A
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
A: Engine Compartment
B: Exposed Exterior
C: Intermittently
Exposed Exterior
D: Exposed Interior
E: Non-Exposed Interior
F: Exposed Interior
Temporary
G: Engine/Transmission
H: Exposed Exterior -
Temporary
11
Reposition-
ability
Testing
Label Repositioning
Test (test to
demonstrate that the
label can be
repositioned on the
mounting surface,
mounted and
detached by hand to
simulate assembly
line condition)
Applicable Only
to Pressure
Sensitive Labels
Detach label
1 minute After
Adhering.
No Deterioration of
the Mounting
Surface, the Label
Surface and
Adhesive
G: Engine/Transmission 12
Vehicle
Durability
Schedule,
Including
Corrosion
Vehicle Durability
Schedule (including
Corrosion) Test
GMW14872
OK Appearance
(see 4.3)
Copyright General Motors Company
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Copyright 2012 General Motors Company All Rights Reserved
April 2012 Page 16 of 16
Classification
Test
Number
Requirement Test Name
Test
Specification
Required Test
Output/
Target Value
F: Exposed Interior
Temporary (For Labels
With Area > 300 cm
2
)
13 Shear Shear Test
Sample
Preparation:
Label Material
40.0 x 25.0 mm
with
40.0 x 12.7 mm
Exposed
Adhesive
Adhered to top of
Glass plate.
Apply 5 g load to
free hanging of
label test
material. Test per
GMW14162
Method B,
376 kJ/m
2
Label
is to be mounted
in
Weatherometer
specimen holder
away from Xenon
light so that the
free hanging
portion of label
and weight do
not contact
anything.
Label must not
show visually any
slippage, sliding, or
any other loss of
adhesion
H: Exposed Exterior -
Temporary
14
Transit
Coating
Transit Coating Test
Material
Specification -
Paints Number:
9984168 (Transit
Coatings Film)
OK Appearance
(see 4.3).
After label removal,
no shadowing of
label text on
painted substrate.
No affect on paint
appearance.
Copyright General Motors Company
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