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Module Two

1. What is the momentum of a ball of mass 2 grams and has a velocity of 10cm/s
# a) 0.0002 kgm/s
b) 20 kgm/s
c) 5 kgm/s

2. What do you get when you add 2H2 and O2
a) H
2
O
b) 2H
2
O
2

# c) 2H
2
O

3. A time period of 10 microseconds is equal to a frequency of
a) 10 kHz
b) 1 Mhz
# c) 100 kHz

4. When heat flows from a hot area to a cold area it is called
a) convection
# b) conduction
c) radiation

5. the specific heat capacity of a gas heated at constant pressure, when compared to the specific heat
capacity of a gas heated at constant volume, is
a) the same
b) less
# c) more

6. A gyroscope suffers from apparent wander. This is due to
a) friction on the gimbals and bearings
b) the aircraft flying along a north/south track
# c) the earth's rotation

7. The splitting of a chemical compound is called
# a) analysis
b) bombardment
c) synthesis

8. The quadrature component of a vector is
a) 180
o
to the original
b) 45
o
to the original
# c) 90
o
to the original

9. 1 Newton is equal to
a) 1 joule per second
b) 1 kilogram of force
# c) 1 kilogram meter per second per second

10. 1 degree rise on the centigrade scale will cause a
a) 0.911 degree rise in Fahrenheit
b) 33 degree rise in Fahrenheit
# c) 1.8 degree rise in Fahrenheit

11. A force of 10 million Newton's is expressed numerically as
a) 1 MN
# b) 10,000 KN
c) 10,000,000 MN

12. The SI unit of energy is the
a) Pascal (Pa)
b) Watt (W)
# c) Joule (J)

13. The heat required to change a liquid to a gas is called the heat of
a) fusion
# b) vapourisation
c) condensation

14. An atom with 3 free electrons is said to be
# a) trivalent
b) covalent
c) pentavalent

15. The specific gravity of a substance is calculated by
# a) the density of the body divided by the density of water
b) density of the body multiplied by the density of water
c) density of the body squared multiplied by the density of water

16. The most common refrigerants are
# a) water, ammonia, freon
b) water, freon, carbon dioxide
c) ammonia, freon, methyl bromide

17. In fibreoptics the type of cable is chosen by
a) matching the diameter of the cable to the wavelength
# b) distance required to travel
c) the strength of signal needed

18. What is the kinetic energy of an aircraft of mass of 2 metric tonnes and has a velocity of 2m/s?
a) 2 kJ
# b) 4 kJ
c) 8 kJ

19. What is the mass number of an element?
a) Number of electrons and protons
# b) Number of neutrons and protons
c) Number of electrons and neutrons

20. Adiabatic compression is when
a) kinetic energy is gained
# b) no heat is lost or gained
c) heat is given off to the surroundings

21. You add 2 vectors together. The 3rd vector you get is called the
a) sum
# b) resultant
c) component

22. What is the atomic number of an element?
# a) The number of protons in the atom
b) The number of electrons in the atom
c) The number of neutrons in the atom

23. An atom with 5 free electrons is said to be
# a) trivalent
b) pentavalet
c) covalent

24. The heat required to change a solid to a liquid is called the heat of
# a) fusion
b) vapourisation
c) condensation

25. The SI unit of mass is the
a) pound (lb)
b) metre (m)
# c) kilogram (kg)

26. The SI unit of acceleration is the
a) square metre (m
2
)
# b) metre per second squared (m/s
2
)
c) metre per second (m/s)

27. The SI unit of density is the
a) cubic metre (m
3
)
b) Pascal (Pa)
# c) kilogram per cubic metre (kg/m
3
)

28. Latent heat is the
a) heat required to raise the temperature of a body by 1
o
C
# b) heat required to change the state of a body
c) heat required to raise 1kg of matter by 1K

29. 1 Calorie is equal to
a) 400 J
b) 40 J
# c) 4 J

30. 1 BTU equals
# a) 1055 Joules
b) 1055 kJ
c) 1055 Calorie

31. The intensity of radiated heat is
a) directly proportional to distance from the source of the heat
# b) inversely proportional to the square of the distance from the source of the heat
c) not effected by the distance from the source of the heat

32. As a block of ice is melted (to 4
o
C) its volume
a) increases
# b) decreases
c) remains the same

33. A material with a gradually varying refractive index is said to have a
a) step index
b) single index
# c) graded index

34. A slug is a unit of
# a) mass
b) weight
c) speed

35. If an object in air is submerged in a liquid or a gas its weight will
a) increase
b) decrease
# c) remain the same

36. As an object slides down a slope, its
# a) kinetic energy increases and its potential energy decreases
b) kinetic energy decreases and its potential energy increases
c) kinetic energy increases and its potential energy increases

37. If a body starts at rest and reaches 84 m/s in 3 seconds, its acceleration is
# a) 28 m/s
2

b) 14 m/s
2

c) 252 m/s
2



38. The speed of sound in air at 0oC is approximately
# a) 331 m/s
b) 181 m/s
c) 3 x 10
8
m/s

39. If a material is loaded excessively and is permanently deformed, it is said to be
a) stressed
# b) strained
c) stretched

40. The height of water required to produce a head pressure of 1 bar is
a) 9.81 m
b) 11.09 m
# c) 10.19 m

41. The SI unit of pressure is the
a) kilogram per metre cubed (kg/m
3
)
# b) Newtons per metre squared (N/m
2
)
c) Cubic metre (m
3
)

42. The SI unit of force is the
# a) Newton (N)
b) Pascal (Pa)
c) Metre (m)

43. The SI unit of velocity is the
# a) metre per second (m/s)
b) metre per second squared (m/s
2
)
c) metre (m)

44. The SI unit of momentum is the
# a) kilogram metre per second
b) kilogram / metre (kg/m)
c) metre squared (m
2
)

45. The formula for calculating stress is
a) load multiplied by cross sectional area
# b) load divided by cross sectional area
c) area divided by load

46. A gauge indicates 15 PSIG. What is the absolute pressure?
a) 0.3 PSI
b) Zero PSI
# c) 30 PSI


47. Fibre optic cables are capable of transmitting light at
a) 3 x 10
8
m/s
# b) 1.99 x 10
8
m/s
c) 0.99 x 10
8
m/s

48. Step index fibres suffer from
# a) dispersion
b) scatter
c) attenuation

49. Attenuated pulses have their sizes and shape restored by
# a) regenerators
b) opto-isolators
c) impedance matching transformers

50. Attenuation in fibre optic cables is caused by
a) backscattering and microbends
# b) absorption and scattering
c) microbends and scattering

51. If a wave traveling to a point meets a wave traveling from that point, of equal frequency
# a) a standing wave is formed
b) the two waves cancel each other out
c) they will have no effect on each other

52. For a concave lens the image is
a) a chromatic orb
b) real
# c) virtual

53. What shape is a venturi tube?
a) Gradually tapering to a minimum cross sectional area
b) Maximum cross sectional area in the centre
# c) Minimum cross sectional area in the centre

54. If a fluid moves slowly it has
# a) high viscosity
b) low viscosity
c) medium viscosity

55. In a fibre optic flying control system
a) the sensor requires electrical power
# b) the sensor and the transmitter require electrical power
c) the transmitter requires power

56. Photons in a semiconductor are stimulated to produce excess photons to be emitted. This is a
a) photodiode
b) LED
# c) laser diode

57. In a fibre optic flying control system, which of the following are used
# a) multi mode
b) single mode
c) dual mode

58. A fibre optic cable is attenuated at 29 dB/metre. This is referring to
a) allowable loss
# b) the figure allowed when calculating power gain
c) the maximum cable run allowed in the system

59. The fibre optic receiver is a
# a) photodiode
b) laser diode
c) light emitting diode

60. Regenerators are used in fibre optic systems to reduce
a) dispersion
# b) attenuation
c) random emission

61. An atom consists of
a) protons and electrons
b) protons and neutrons
# c) protons, neutron and electrons

62. The maximum number of electrons in the inner shell of an atom is
# a) 2
b) 4
c) 8

63. A good refrigerant has
a) high condensing pressure, high evaporating temperature
# b) high condensing pressure, low evaporating temperature
c) low condensing pressure, high evaporating temperature

64. Stress is given by
a) extension per original length
# b) force per unit area
c) force per original length

65. An object accelerating down a slope would gain kinetic energy
# a) equal to the potential energy lost
b) greater than the potential energy lost
c) less than the potential energy lost

66. Quality of sound depends upon
a) quality of the receiver
b) pure sound waves being produced by the source
# c) frequency and harmonics of the waves being produced

67. Temperature is a measure of
a) the heat energy of particles
# b) the amount of vibration of particles
c) the amount of friction produced by two mating surfaces

68. In a heat pump
a) flow across the condenser is always in one direction
b) the compressor gains heat
# c) the condenser loses heat

69. Precession in a gyro is
a) inversely proportional to the magnitude of the torques applied
# b) proportional to the magnitude of the torque applied
c) proportional to the square of the magnitude of the torque applied

70. Particles vibrating in air
# a) produce waves
b) tend to give off heat
c) tend to give off light

71. The force which opposes twisting deformation is
a) strain
b) shear
# c) torsion

72. A gyro with a fixed point free to rotate in three axis is
a) an earth gyro
b) a space gyro
# c) a tied gyro

73. When light rays enter a medium with a different refractive index they
# a) change speed
b) change direction
c) reflect

74. A converging lens can focus light rays because
# a) it is a sphere
b) the incoming rays are already converging
c) the light rays travel more slowly at the centre

75. The mass of a proton equals the mass of a
a) beta particle
b) electron
# c) neutron

76. Catalysts
a) slow down reactions
b) speed up and slow down reactions
# c) speed up reactions

77. A force perpendicular to a beam produces what type of stress?
a) compressive
# b) shear
c) tensile

78. What temperature scale is used with the combined gas law?
a) centigrade
b) Fahrenheit
# c) Kelvin

79. If a ray of light enters a fibre optic cable with a refractive index of 1.5, what is the speed of the ray in
the cable?
# a) 200,000 kilometres per second
b) 300,000 kilometres per second
c) 400,000 kilometres per second

80. A graded index fibre optic cable has
# a) a variable refractive index across its cross sectional area
b) a sudden change in refractive index
c) a constant refractive index across its cross sectional area

81. Which of the following will not transmit pressure?
# a) solid
b) liquid
c) gas

82. Charles' Law states that
# a) volume varies directly with temperature
b) volume varies inversely with temperature
c) volume equals pressure x temperature

83. Boyle's law states that
a) pressure varies directly with volume
# b) pressure varies inversely with volume
c) pressure equals temperature divided by volume

84. Convection does not occur in
# a) solids
b) liquids
c) gases

85. A mirror
a) reflects all light
# b) absorbs a percentage of light
c) refracts all light

86. If the outer shell of an atom is full the the element is
a) unstable / reactive
b) a good conductor
# c) practically inert

87. Which law describes the relationship between potential energy, kinetic energy and pressure
# a) Bernoulli's law
b) Charle's law
c) Newton's third law

88. Molecules of the same compound are held together by
a) adhesive forces
# b) cohesive forces
c) gravitational forces.

89. The width of a multimode fibre optic cable is
# a) 100 m
b) 10 m
c) 1 m

90. The fundamental frequency is the
# a) 1st harmonic
b) 2nd harmonic
c) 3rd harmonic

91. The first overtone of a sound wave is the
a) 1st harmonic
b) fundamental frequency
# c) 2nd harmonic

92. Oxygen has a valency of
# a) 2
b) 6
c) 8


93. A process where volume does not change is
# a) isochoric
b) isobaric
c) isothermic

94. A process where heat is not transferred to or from a gas is
a) isochoric
b) isobaric
# c) adiabatic

95. A varying refractive index is a
a) step index
# b) graded index
c) single index

96. The further from the nucleus the shells are in an atom
a) the closer the shells get to each other
# b) the further the shells get from each other
c) the shells retain the same spacing from each other

97. What determines an element's identity?
# a) The number of protons
b) The number of neutrons
c) The number of electrons

98. An isotope of an element will have more
a) protons
# b) neutrons
c) electrons

99. Refractive index is
# a) the speed of light in air divided by the speed of light in the medium
b) the speed of light in the medium divided by the speed of light in air
c) the speed of light in air multiplied by the speed of light in the medium

100. The smallest part of an element is
a) a molecule
# b) an atom
c) a compound

101. A process where pressure does not change is known as
a) isochoric
# b) isobaric
c) isothermic

102. The extension of a spring can be determined using
a) Charles' Law
# b) Hooke's Law
c) Newton's 2nd Law

103. The nucleus of an atom contains
a) protons and electrons
# b) protons and neutrons
c) electrons and neutrons

104. What is the speed of light in km/s
a) 3 x 10
8

# b) 300,000
c) 3000

105. Relative density is
# a) density of medium
density of water
b) density of water
density of medium
c) density of water x density of medium

106. What is the boundary layer?
# a) The layer of still air (due to friction) around the aircraft skin
b) The outer layer of electrons in an atom
c) The thickness of the insulation of a cable

107. What is atomic mass?
a) Number of neutrons
b) Number of protons
# c) Number of protons plus the number of neutrons

108. An aircraft flies 1350 nmiles in 2h 15mins. What is the average speed
a) 150 nmiles/hour
b) 600 miles/hour
# c) 600 nmiles/hour

109. A spring extends 7 cm to the ground and back again 20 times a minute. What is the period?
a) 1/3 cycle
# b) 3 seconds
c) 7 cm

110. A solid melted into a liquid will take up
a) the same amount of space
b) more space
# c) less space

111. A cyclist goes from rest to 50 m/s in 5 seconds. What is the average acceleration?
a) 12 m/s
2

# b) 10 m/s
2

c) 8 m/s
2


112. What form of heat is used to turn a solid into a liquid?
a) specific heat
b) coefficient of heat
# c) heat of fusion

113. When a steel bar is overstressed, what is the name of the point at which it does not return to its
original form after the load is released?
# a) yield point
b) ultimate point
c) Young's modulus

114. When a liquid is heated, it expands
# a) more than a solid
b) less than a solid
c) more than a gas

115. If pressure on a liquid increases, whilst temperature is held constant, the volume will
a) increase
b) decrease
# c) remain constant

116. What is 1 btu in joules per kilogram
a) 9.18 J/kg
# b) 2346 j/kg
c) 4128 j/kg

117. Two pure tones of similar frequency are heard by a person. What will they hear?
# a) A beat of the two tones
b) One pure tone
c) Two tones

118. If you push an object with a force of 5 N for 10 m in 4 seconds, how much power is used?
a) 200 Watts
b) 8 watts
# c) 12.5 watts

119. The focal point of a mirror is
a) the radius
b) 2 x the radius
# c) 1/2 the radius

120. 2 couples with magnitude F act against each other. The resultant will be
a) 2F
b) - 2F
# c) 0

121. The height of mercury required to give 1 bar is
# a) 760 mm
b) 700 mm
c) 1000 mm

122. A vessel has 25 ml of water which produces 10 kPa. If another 125 ml of water is added, what will
be the pressure in the vessel
a) 40 kPa
b) 50 kPa
# c) 60 kPa

123. 2 hydraulic jacks with different diameters have the same fluid pressures entering at the same rate.
They will extend at
a) the same rate
# b) different rates
c) the same rate until the smaller jack becomes full

124. The standard for measuring pressure is
a) +20
o
C and 760 mm of mercury
# b) 0
o
C and 760 mm of mercury
c) -20
o
C and 700 mm of mercury

125. What load can be lifted on jack B?

# a) 100N
b) 200N
c) 300N

126. What is the period of a frequency of 4 Hz?
a) 4 seconds
# b) 0.25 seconds
c) 8 seconds

127. A dot rotates around the circumference of a circle. If the vertical position of this dot is plotted on a
graph with respect to time the result will be
# a) a sinusoidal waveform
b) a transverse waveform
c) a linear motion

128. A process where temperature remains the same is known as
a) isobaric
b) isochoric
# c) isothermic

129. What is Boyle's Law?
a) P is proportional to T
b) P is proportional to 1/T
# c) P is proportional to 1/V

130. Dew point is
a) the temperature that condensation occurs when heating a gas
b) the cooling of gas where no condensation occurs
# c) the temperature that condensation occurs when cooling a gas

131. What is the speed of light in air at 0C
a) 331 mm/s
b) 331 m/s
# c) 300 m/s

132. A process where heat is not transferred to or from a gas is known as
a) isochoric
b) isobaric
# c) adiabatic

133. How far will light travel in one year?
# a) 9.46 x 10
15
m
b) 1.5 x 10
11
m
c) 3 x 10
15
m

134. Two sound waves of the same frequency and amplitude are moving half a wavelength out of phase
with each other. What will be heard?
# a) Nothing
b) Twice the volume of one of the sound waves
c) Half the volume of one of the sound waves

135. Water is most dense at
# a) +4
o
C
b) 0
o
C
c) -4
o
C

136. Which type of circuit is used when the temperature of the source has insufficient heat for
thermocouple application?
a) Temperature bulb
b) Balanced bridge
# c) Thermistor

137. The most common method of expressing pressure is in
a) grams per square inch
b) inch pounds per square inch
# c) pounds per square inch

138. The difference between two pressures is
# a) differential pressure
b) vacuum pressure
c) static pressure

139. The impact pressure caused by the impression of air against the opening of a
a) static port is pitot pressure
# b) pitot-tube is pitot pressure
c) pitot-tube is static pressure

140. Static pressure is present in
a) the pitot tube
b) any ram air port
# c) undisturbed air

141. What torque loading would you apply to a nut if the force is 50 lbs, exerted 2 feet from its axis?
# a) 100 lbs.ft
b) 251 lbs.ft
c) 600 lbs.ft

142. When different signals are transmitted down a fibre optic core, are they distinguished by a
a) star coupler
b) active filter
# c) passive filter

143. In a jack with a ram only on one side and hydraulic fluid applied from both sides
# a) the ram will move to the side where the ram is, due to pressure acting on differential areas
b) the ram will move opposite to the side where the ram is due to pressure acting on differential areas
c) a condition of hydraulic lock exists and no movement will take place

144. Using the same hydraulic pressure, the force applied by a hydraulic jack of 4 sq inch piston area
a) will be equal to that applied by a similar jack of 2 sq inch piston area
# b) will be twice that applied by a similar jack of 2 sq inch piston area
c) will be half that applied by a similar jack of 2 sq inch piston area

145. A pressure of 100 psi act on two jacks in a hydraulic system piston area 2 sq in and 4 sq in
a) the smaller jack will exert a force of 50 lb and the larger a force of 25 lb
b) the two jacks will exert the same force
# c) the smaller jack will exert a force of 200 lb and the larger a force of 400 lb

146. on an Optical Time Domain Reflectometer (OTDR),the attenuation is
a) derived from a graph
b) dialed into OTDR
# c) read from the cathode ray display

147. The purpose of an accumulator in a hydraulic system is to
a) collect air from the hydraulic fluid, thus reducing the requirement for frequent bleeding
b) relieve excess pressure
# c) store hydraulic fluid under pressure

148. If the hydraulic system accumulator has a low air pressure, it will cause
# a) rapid pressure fluctuations during operation of services
b) rapid movement of the operating jacks
c) slow build up of pressure in the system

149. The specific torque loading for a bolt is 50 lbs.ins but an extension of 2 is needed to reach the bolt
in addition to the 8 torque wrench. What will the actual reading?
a) 54 lb.ins
# b) 40 lb.ins
c) 60 lb.ins

150. If 1500 psi hydraulic pressure is pumped into an accumulator, with a pre-charge air pressure of 1000
psi the gauge will read
a) 2500 psi
b) 1000 psi
# c) 1500 psi

151. A compressor increases
a) kinetic energy
# b) potential energy
c) moving energy

152. P1 x V1 / T1 = P1 x V2 / T2 is
a) Charles' law
b) Boyle's law
# c) Ideal gas law

153. V1 / T1 = V2 / T2 at a constant pressure is
# a) Charles' law
b) ideal gas law
c) Boyle's law

154. P1 x V1 = P2 x V2 at a constant temperature is
a) Charles' law
# b) Boyle's law
c) ideal gas law

155. Change from solid to gas state without going through liquid state is called
a) state leap
b) transformation
# c) sublimation

156. 1 CHU = Centigrade Heat Unit = 1400 ft lbs = energy to raise
a) 1 lb of water by 1 F
# b) 1 lb of water by 1 C
c) 1 kg of water by 1 C

157. 1 BTU = 778 ft lbs to raise =
a) 1 kg of water to heat up by 1 F
b) 1 lb of water to heat up by 1 C
# c) 1 lb of water to heat up by 1 F

158. 1 HP = 33000 ft lbs / min or 500 ft lbs / s or
# a) 746 Watts
b) 736 Watts
c) 1360 Watts

159. 1 Watt =
a) 1 HP
# b) 1 Joule/s
c) 1kg/h

160. Temperature change -1.98C per 1000 ft up to 36,000 ft where it remains constant at
a) - 56F
b) - 52C
# c) - 56C


161. A freely falling body, falling from a height of 2km, and assuming g = 10m/s
2
, will strike the ground in
a time of
# a) 20s
b) 80s
c) 400s

162. What is the angular velocity of a shaft rotating at 300rpm in radians/second?
a) 5pi radians/second
b) 2pi radians/second
# c) 10pi radians/second

163. If a machine has a mechanical advantage of 10 and a velocity ratio of 20, the efficiency of the
machine is
a) 2
# b) 0.5
c) 200%

164. The force that acts on a body to cause it to rotate in a circular path is called the
a) centrifugal force
# b) centripetal force
c) inertia force

165. A temperature of 41 degrees Fahrenheit is, in Centigrade is
# a) 5 degrees
b) 9 degrees
c) 7 degrees

166. Heat is defined as
a) the stored energy in a hot body
# b) energy in transit
c) a high temperature

167. An aircraft of 2 metric tones uses 800 kilojoules kinetic energy to make an emergency stop. Its
brakes apply a force of 10 kiloNewtons. What distance does it travel before it comes to a stop?
a) 40m
# b) 80m
c) 800m

168. What is the smallest particle of matter that can exist in nature?
a) A molecule
# b) An atom
c) An isotope

169. A positive ion
a) has extra electrons
# b) has missing electrons
c) is a radioactive isotope

170. Radiant heat
# a) heats up the intervening medium
b) does not heat up the intervening medium
c) is generated by fast moving electrons

171. A pilot requests 9.2 tones of fuel. The bowser driver reports to the pilot that the specific gravity is
0.8, what will the uplift be?
a) 7360 liters
# b) 11500 liters
c) 9200 liters

172. A molecule with like atoms is said to be a
a) compound
# b) element
c) neutroid

173. Specific gravity is measured in
a) is measured in Kg/m3
b) is measured in g/m
# c) has no units

174. Two elements in the same substance is said to be a
# a) compound
b) element
c) mixture

175. A mass on a spring nearly hits the ground 20 times a minute, its frequency is
a) 3 cycles per second
# b) 1/3 cycle per second
c) 20 cycles per second

176. A process where heat is given off to its surroundings is called
a) Adiabatic
# b) Isothermal
c) Isobaric

177. A body travelling at 20 m/s accelerates to 36 m/s in 8 seconds, what is its acceleration?
a) 8 m/s
2

b) 4 m/s
2

# c) 2 m/s
2


178. Temperature is a measurement of the
a) amount of kinetic energy stored
# b) amount of vibration in particles
c) amount of heat possessed by a body

179. A converging lens can focus because
# a) its surfaces are spherical in shape
b) light is slower in the centre of the lens compared to outer extremities
c) light is already converging

180. In a flat surfaced mirror, the angle of reflection is
# a) equal to the angle of incidence
b) less than the angle of incidence
c) more than the angle of incidence

181. A body which is allowed to expand when heated, expands past the pressure imposed on it and
# a) work is done
b) a force is produced
c) nothing will happen

182. A body dropped from 10 m will hit the ground in
# a) root 2 seconds
b) 2 seconds
c) 1 second

183. 600K is equal to
# a) 326.85C
b) 873 C
c) 853 C

184. The number of protons in an atom is equal to the number of
# a) electrons
b) neutrons
c) mass number

185. The charge of an electron is
a) positive
# b) negative
c) neutral

186. In a fiber optic flying control system
# a) the sensor does not require electrical power
b) the electronic processor requires power before transmission
c) the sensor requires power for the electronic processor


187. In a multimode fiber optic cable, the
# a) diameter is greater than the wavelength
b) diameter is equal to the wavelength
c) diameter is less than the wavelength

188. Quality of sound is dependant on
# a) number and pitch of harmonics
b) frequency of the supply
c) medium it is traveling through

189. A mass on a spring nearly hits the ground 20 times a minute. Its time period is
# a) 3 seconds
b) 1/3 second
c) 7 cm

190. A mass of 400kg moves 27 meters with a force of 54N. What is the work produced?
# a) 1458J
b) 10.1kJ
c) 583.2kJ

191. When gases change temperature/pressure, the scale used is
# a) Kelvin
b) Degrees Centigrade
c) Degrees Fahrenheit

192. A valance electron is an electron
# a) in the outermost shell
b) in the innermost shell
c) which is not within an atom

193. Molecules of unlike atoms are combined by
# a) adhesive force
b) cohesive force
c) gravitational force

194. What is the difference between hydrogen, deuterium and tritium?
a) The number of protons
# b) The number of neutrons
c) The number of electrons

195. The smallest material in the universe is
a) an ion
# b) hydrogen
c) helium


196. What is the atomic number?

# a) 3
b) 4
c) 7

197. What is the mass number?

# a) 5
b) 4
c) 9

198. What is the rate of gravity?
# a) 9.81 m/s
2

b) 0.981 m/s
2

c) 12.7 m/s
2


199. Convert 100
o
C to Kelvin
a) 173K
b) 273K
# c) 373K

200. What is 1 joule in calories?
a) 4.186
# b) 0.239
c) 252

201. Young's modulus is?
a) strain / stress
# b) stress / strain
c) stress x strain

202. The isotope of a carbon atom C14 to C12 will have
# a) same numbers of protons
b) same numbers of neutrons
c) same number of electrons

203. If an atom have 2 protons, how many electrons will it have
a) 8
# b) 2
c) 1

204. 1kg of water is heated from 0
o
C to 2
o
C. Does its volume
# a) decrease
b) stay the same
c) increase

205. A fire engine is approaching you with its siren on. As it passes you does its pitch
a) increase
# b) decrease
c) stay the same

206. A body rotating at an angular velocity of 5 radians/sec, with a radius of 5metres has a speed of
a) 5&pi meters per second
b) 5 meters per second
# c) 25 meters per second

207. A mass of 400 kg moves 27metres, with a force of 54N, what is the work produced
# a) 1458 J
b) 10.1 KJ
c) 583.2 KJ

208. A cylinder filled with water to half a meter will exert a pressure of
a) 4.9 pa
b) 49 pa
# c) 4900 pa

209. A mass of 10kg placed 2 meters away from a pivot will have a moment of
# a) 196 NM
b) 20 NM
c) 50 NM

210. 25 liters of fuel exerts a pressure of 10KPa, if a further 125 liters is added, the pressure will now be
a) 50KPa
# b) 60KPa
c) 40KPa

211. The quantity of heat developed by burning 1 kg of fuel is known as
a) radiant heat
b) latent heat
# c) heat of combustion

212. The transfer of heat through radiation is achieved by
a) warming up the intervening medium
b) not warming up the intervening medium
# c) the application of radioactive isotopes

213. 1 kW is
a) 1.56 HP
# b) 3413 btu per hour
c) 360 Joules

214. 1000 lb/in
2
is in an accumulator. If 3000 lb/in
2
of hydraulic fluid is pumped in, what is the pressure
on the air side?
a) 4000 lb/in
2

b) 1000 lb/in
2

# c) 3000 lb/in
2


215. A converging lens converges light rays because
a) the light source is already converging
# b) the light waves move slower in the centre of the lens than they do at the extremities
c) it is not a sphere

216. Coded light waves of varying wavelength travel down a fiber optic cable. To separate them at the
other end you would use
a) a star coupling
# b) a passive filter
c) an active filter

217. - 40C in Fahrenheit is minus
# a) - 40F
b) 72F
c) 8F

218. Absolute zero is
a) 0C
b) 273.15 K
# c) - 273.15C

219. A 4.5 kW electric motor is 90% efficient. How much energy does it use in 20 seconds?
# a) 100 kJ
b) 90 kJ
c) 2.25 kJ

220. An optical fiber has attenuation. When using an OTDR
# a) dial in the known attenuation
b) the shape of the curve will tell you how much attenuation there is
c) ignore it

221. One degree on the Centigrade scale is equal to what on the Fahrenheit Scale
a) 12F
# b) 1.8F
c) 33F

222. The dew point is
a) the point at which air can be heated
b) the point when air is cooled at which the moisture does not condense
# c) the point when air is cooled at which the moisture just starts to condense

223. What are common refrigerant agents?
a) Dry ice, methyl bromide, water
# b) water, Freon, ammonia
c) formaldehyde, ammonia, carbon dioxide

224. during a process of gas heating, no heat is absorbed or given out.
It is
a) isothermal
# b) adiabatic
c) isochoric

225. during a pressurizing process, all heat is given away. It is
# a) isothermal
b) adiabatic
c) isochoric

226. A fractional decrease in volume of a material when it is compressed is
a) compressive stress
b) compressive strain
# c) bulk modulus

227. There are solids, liquids and gases present in the universe and every unit of theirs occupy some
space. This is called
# a) matter
b) mass
c) compound

228. A material capable of going direct from solid to gas is a
a) substance
b) substrate
# c) sublimate

229. A particle vibrating in air produces
a) light
b) heat
# c) a wave

230. The composition of the atmosphere is approximately
a) 4/5 oxygen and 1/5 nitrogen
b) 2/5 oxygen and 3/5 nitrogen
# c) 1/5 oxygen and 4/5 nitrogen

231. Transfer of heat from a hot area to a cold area is
# a) conduction
b) convection
c) radiation

232. An atom has three electrons in its outer shell. It is
# a) trivalent
b) tetravalent
c) trevalent

233. A ram has a piston with 2 sq.in
2
. Another ram with a piston of 4 sq.in
2
will
# a) double the force
b) square the force
c) have the same force

234. An atom deficient of a valency electron is deficient
# a) of an electron in the outer shell
b) of a neutron in the outer shell
c) of an electron in the inner shell

235. The maximum number of electrons in the second shell is
a) 2
b) 4
# c) 8

236. What is meant by adiabatic?
# a) No heat crosses the boundary
b) All heat crosses the boundary
c) Some heat crosses the boundary

237. What does an oxygen atom consist of?
# a) Protons, neutrons and electrons
b) Protons and electrons
c) Protons and neutrons

238. What type of fiber optic cable is used on aircraft?
a) Single mode
# b) Multi mode
c) Multi core

239. Surface molecular attraction between two different molecules is
a) cohesive
# b) adhesive
c) gravitational

240. The atomic mass number is the number of
# a) protons plus neutrons
b) protons plus electrons
c) neutrons plus electrons

241. An object travels 18 km in 1 minute 30 seconds. What is its average speed?
# a) 200 m/s
b) 100 ms
c) 270 m/s

242. Ignoring friction, if you let an object slide down a slope, at the bottom
a) the potential energy is more than the kinetic energy
b) the potential energy is equal to the kinetic energy
# c) the kinetic energy is more than the potential energy

243. A pile driver of weight 1000 kg, hits a post 3 m below it. It moves the post 10 mm. Assuming
gravity = 10 m/s
2
, what is the kinetic energy of the pile driver?
a) 45 kJ
b) 90 kJ
# c) 30 kJ

244. What frequency is a tone which is 4 times the fundamental frequency?
a) 3rd harmonic
b) 2nd overtone
# c) 3rd overtone

245. What is the standard temperature and pressure for measuring the density of gases?
a) 20C and 760 mm of mercury
# b) 0Cand 760 mm of mercury
c) -20C and 700 mm of mercury

246. If a gas is heated and its temperature is raised by 1K what happens to its volume?
# a) Increases by 1/273
b) Decreases by 1/273
c) Remains the same

247. If a block of ice melts in a glass of water, the level if water in the glass will
a) rise
# b) fall
c) remain the same


248. How much force is exerted by piston if it is subjected to a pressure of 3000 psi and has surface area
of 2.5 m
2
?
# a) 7500 N
b) 1200 N
c) 3000 N

249. Intensity of sound waves
a) vary directly as per distance from source
# b) varies inversely as the square of distance from source
c) is not affected by distance

250. Ten kilograms is expressed numerically as
# a) 10 kg
b) 1 Mg
c) 10 K

251. A force of 10 million Newtons is expressed numerically as
a) 1 MN
b) 10 mN
# c) 10 MN


252. A milliliter is equal to
a) one million liters
b) one millionth of a liter
# c) one thousandth of a liter

253. If a square has an area of 9m
2
, the side is
a) 3 m
2

# b) 3 m
c) 3 sq. m.

254. A mass of 3kg weighs approximately
# a) 6.6 LB
b) 1.3 LB
c) 0.675 N

255. 100 m is approximately
a) 66 yards
# b) 109 yards
c) 220 yards

256. A car moves over a distance of 5 miles at steady speed in 10 minutes. What is the speed?
# a) 30 mph
b) 60 mph
c) 15 mph


257. A spaceship travels a distance of 480,000 miles in 2 days. What is its speed?
# a) 10,000 mph
b) 48,000 mph
c) 36,000 mph

258. A cyclist covers a distance of 1,000 m at a constant speed in 90 seconds, what is his speed?
a) 10 m/s
# b) 12.5 m/s
c) 50 m/s

259. How long will it take a car moving at 60 km/hr to travel 90 km?
a) 40 minutes
b) 75 minutes
# c) 90 minutes

260. An aircraft travels at 500 km/hr for 30 minutes at steady speed. How far does it move in that time?
a) 500 km
# b)250 km
c) 1000 km

261. Which of the following affect the velocity of an object?
a) Speed and distance
b) Speed and mass
# c) Speed and direction

262. Acceleration involves
# a) change in speed or direction of movement
b) change of position with time
c) steady speed over a fixed period of time

263. What acceleration is produced if a mass increases speed from rest to 10 ft/sec in 5 seconds?
a) 50 ft/sec
2

b) 0.5 ft/sec
2

# c) 2 ft/sec
2


264. A car traveling at a speed of 5 m/s accelerates at the rate of 1 m/s
2
. How long will it take to reach a
speed of 20 m/s?
a) 20 secs
# b) 15 secs
c) 10 secs

265. Newtons laws of motion apply to
a) solid substances only
# b) all substances irrespective of state
c) gases and liquids only

266. Which of Newtons Laws apply to an aircraft which is accelerating down a runway?
a) The 1st law
# b) The 2nd law
c) The 3rd law

267. Which of Newtons Laws apply to a car which is slowing down due to the braking action?
a) The 1st law
# b) The 2nd law
c) The 3rd law

268. F = ma is an equation which expresses
a) Newtons 1st law
# b) Newtons 2nd law
c) Newtons 3rd law

269. What force is required to produce an acceleration of 5 m/s
2
on a mass of 2 kg?
a) 2.5 N
b) 10 kg
# c) 10 N

270. The British unit of mass is
a) the kilogram
# b) the slug
c) the Newton

271. If a force of 10 lbf produces an acceleration of 2.5 ft/sec
2
on what mass is it acting?
# a) 4 slugs
b) 25 slugs
c) 4 lb

272. What is acceleration?
a) Rate of change of position
# b) Rate of change of velocity
c) Rate of change of movement

273. Power is the rate of doing work, it is measured in
a) Joules x Seconds
# b) Joules/Seconds
c) Watts/Seconds

274. Fahrenheit may be converted to Celsius by using the equation
a) C = 9/5 x F + 32
# b) C = 5/9 x (F - 32)
c) C = 5/9 x F - 32

275. A vector quantity is a quantity which
a) possesses sense only
# b) possesses sense, magnitude and direction
c) possesses direction only

276. One atmosphere is equal to
a) 28.9 inches of hg
b) 1.22 kg/m
2

# c) 14.7 lbf/in
2


277. Strain is calculated by
# a) Extension Original Length
b) Original Length Extension
c) Original Length Stress

278. In a gear train the Driver has 100 tpi and the Driven as 50 tpi.
# a) The driven rotates twice as fast
b) The driven rotates half as fast
c) The driver and driven rotate at the same speed.

279. In fiber optics. The fiber cable has a refractive index of 1.5, what is its speed?
# a) 200 meters/microsecond
b) 300 meters/microsecond
c) 400 meters/microsecond

280. A catalyst in a chemical reaction does what?
# a) Speeds it up
b) Slows it down
c) Can either speed it up or slow it down

281. A material, which has a varying refractive index has a
# a) step index
b) single index
c) double index

282. What is the number of electrons in the inner shell of an atom?
a) 4
b) 8
# c) 2

283. What form of heat is used to turn a solid into a gas?
a) Specific heat
# b) Latent heat
c) Sensible heat

284. When a twisting force is applied to a bolt, what stress is exerted on to the head?
a) Shear
b) Compressive
# c) Torsion

285. When you over stress a steel bar, what is the point called where it does not return to its original
form?
a) Deformation limit
b) Plastic limit
# c) Elasticity limit

286. A cyclist goes from rest to 50m/s in 5 sec, what is the average acceleration?
a) 12m/s
# b) 10m/s
c) 8m/s

287. If heat is constant, if pressure increases on a liquid what will the volume do?
a) Increases
b) Decreases
# c) Remains constant

288. What shape is a venturi tube?
# a) Narrow in the middle
b) Wide in the middle
c) Cone like

289. What is 1 BTU in joules per kilogram?
a) 9.18 joules per kilogram
# b) 2326 joules per kilogram
c) 4128 joules per kilogram

290. Radiant heat of a body, heated from a radiant source is
a) proportional to distance
b) inversely proportional
# c) inversely proportional to the square of the distance

291. A ray of light that travels through the centre of curvature before being reflected, how is it reflected?
# a) Reflected through the focal point
b) Reflected through the centre of curvature
c) Neither

292. What will the image produced through a divergent lens be?
a) Real
# b) Virtual
c) Negative

293. When a beam of light passes from one medium to another with a different refractive index, what will
happen to the beam of light?
# a) Change speed
b) Total internal reflection
c) Total internal refraction

294. A fiber optic cable has different refractive indexes across its diameter, it is
a) step index
# b) graded index
c) single mode

295. The formula for calculating shear is
a) force x area
# b) force area
c) force cross-sectional area

296. Combined gas law relates volume, pressure and
# a) temperature
b) velocity
c) density

297. An aircraft of 2 metric tones lands with 400 kilojoules of energy, 10 kiloNewtons of force is applied at
the brakes, how far does the aircraft take to stop?
a) 400 M
# b) 40 M
c) 800 M

298. If a car travels 18km in 1 minutes, what is it velocity in m/s?
# a) 200 m/s
b) 150 m/s
c) 100 m/s

299. Three common types of refrigerant are
# a) dry ice, freon, ammonia
b) ammonia, freon, methyl bromide
c) dry ice. Methyl bromide, ammonia

300. The heat required to change a liquid to a gas at constant temperature is the heat of
a) fusion
# b) vaporization
c) condensation

301. An atom with a full outer shell is
a) a good conductor
# b) practically inert
c) a good insulator

302. Light traveling from air to water, the waves are
a) bent more
# b) bent less
c) not bent

303. A pilot requests 9.2 tones of fuel to be put on board his aircraft. The specific gravity of the fuel is 0.8,
how many liters are put on board?
# a) 1158 liters
b) 732 liters
c) 389 liters

304. An element with a full valence shell is
a) good conductor
b) very reactive
# c) inert

305. A force 10 N is placed 2 Meters from a pivot point, what is the moment?
a) 196 N.M.
# b) 20 N.M.
c) 80 N.M.

306. The heat given off by burning a 1kg block of wood is
a) latent heat
# b) radiant heat
c) transmissive heat

307. If a light is beamed at a flat mirror what is the angle it reflects at?
# a) Angle of incidence
b) Reflective index
c) Reactive angle

308. In a graded index multi mode fiber is the refractive index
a) high
b) low
# c) alternates high and low

309. A fiber optic cable is attenuated at 29dB/Metre. This is referring to
a) allowable loss
# b) the figure that has to be allowed for when calculating power gain
c) the maximum cable run allowed in the system

310. The fiber optic receiver is a
# a) photodiode
b) laser diode
c) light emitting diode

311. The standard temperature and pressure for measuring the density of liquids is
a) 0C and 760 mmHg
# b) 4C and 760 mmHg
c) 15C and 760 mmHg

312. The standard temperature and pressure for measuring the volume of liquids and solids is
# a) 20C and 760 mmHg
b) 20C and 700 mmHg
c) 0C and 760 mmHg

313. Pure semiconductors have
a) many holes
b) large amounts of free electrons
# c) few free electrons

314. H20 in what form holds most energy
a) Ice
# b) Steam
c) Water

315. If a tensile load is placed on a bar it will
# a) stretch
b) bend
c) crush

316. Compressibility is
a) stress/strain
# b) strain/stress
c) stress x strain

317. A radar rotates 1 revolution each 30 seconds and uses 10J of energy each revolution. How many
joules does it use in a day?
# a) 28.8 kJ
b) 720 kJ
c) 7200 kJ

318. The usable bandwidth of a fiber is determined by
a) the angle of total internal reflection
# b) the intermodal dispersion
c) the wavelength of the light

319. A block of metal is melted. It will
a) increase in volume
# b) decrease in volume
c) remain the same volume

320. How would you work out the work done by a machine assuming it is 100% efficient?
# a) Mechanical advantage and input
b) Input and output
c) Mechanical advantage and output

321. A block slides down a slope. Assuming there is no friction
# a) kinetic energy is gained at the same rate as potential energy is lost
b) kinetic energy is gained at a greater rate than potential energy is lost
c) potential energy is gained at a greater rate than kinetic energy is lost

322. Specific gravity is
a) kg/m
3

# b) pure numbers
c) m/s
2


323. A body of 10 kg is swinging attached at the end of a 2m pole. What is its moment at the bottom?
# a) 196 NM
b) 20 NM
c) 80 NM

324. The transfer of heat from a hot place to a cold place is called
a) convection
# b) conduction
c) radiation

325. A light aircraft flies in a semi-circle from point A to point B. If the circle has a radius of 20km and the
time taken is 30mins, the average speed is?
# a) 125.7 km/h
b) 80 km/h
c) 110 km/h

326. The landing speed of an aircraft is 54 m/s. If the maximum deceleration is 3m/s
2
the minimum length
of runway required is
a) 162m
b) 360m
# c) 486m

327. The number of radians in a semi circle are
a) exactly 3
b) 2pi
# c) pi

328. the angular velocity of 500 rpm is, in rads/seconds is equal to
a) 1000pi rads/s
# b) 16.66 rads/s
c) 8.33 rads/s

329. The work done in lifting a mass of 2000 kg vertically to a height of 40 meters is
# a) 784.8 kj
b) 80 kj
c) 500 kj

330. If, with a concave mirror the image is placed beyond the centre of curvature, the image produced will
be
a) real, erect and larger
b) real, inverted and smaller
# c) virtual, erect and larger

331. The power of a lens is calculated from the
# a) reciprocal of the focal length
b) product of the focal length and its distance from the pole
c) focal length squared

332. In a standing wave the point where continuous vibration of maximum amplitude occurs is called the
a) node
# b) anti-node
c) harmonic

333. the name given to sounds below that which the human ear can detect, i.e. below 20Hz is
a) ultra sound
b) sonic pitch
# c) infra sound

334. The speed of sound in dry air is 331 m/s. In a solid the speed would
# a) increase
b) decrease
c) stay the same

335. A substance of two or more different atoms is
# a) a chemical compound
b) a neutrino
c) an isotope

336. An atom with 5 electrons in its outer shell is
# a) trivalent
b) pentavelant
c) covalent

337. 1 KW is equal to
a) 252 BTU
# b) 1.34 HP
c) 1000 Joules

338. What atmospheric conditions will cause the true landing speed of an aircraft to be highest?
# a) High temp, high humidity
b) Low temp, high humidity
c) Head wind, low humidity

339. If a tuning fork is struck and held close to the ear and slowly rotated about the vertical axis, in one
rotation how many times is there no sound?
a) 4
# b) 2
c) Sound is audible for the whole revolution

340. What type of friction requires the greatest force to overcome it?
a) Rolling friction
# b) Static friction
c) Dynamic friction

341. Which of Newton's laws relates to the formula: Force = mass x acceleration
a) 1st
# b) 2nd
c) 3rd

342. A 6000 kg engine is lifted off a wing to a height 0.5 meters and then pushed across the hangar 24
meters. The force required to push the trolley is 12 kN. What is the work done to move the trolley?
a) 298kJ
# b) 288kJ
c) 84MJ

343. What is the phenomenon that occurs when a siren that approaches you, at the point of passing, the
pitch decreases?
a) Resonance
b) Echo
# c) Doppler effect

344. Viscosity is known as
# a) the internal resistance for a fluid to flow
b) fluids flowing in a straight line
c) Newton's 1st law of motion


345. How lift on a wing is produced can be derived from
a) Charles law
# b) Bernoulli's Theorem
c) Faraday's law

346. In a fiber optic system which components use the laser?
# a) Single mode laser for the transmitter
b) Single mode laser for the oscillator
c) Single mode laser for the transmitter and the oscillator

347. Single mode optic fiber cable will
a) cause distortion to the light wave at the output end which is dependent upon the length of the
cable
b) have several light rays to pass
# c) have diameter matched to wavelength of light passed

348. When an emergent light wave enters a divergent lens
# a) it will focus behind the lens
b) it will focus beyond the lens
c) it is s spherical

349. in the concave mirror, light rays parallel to mirror axis will be reflected
# a) through the focal point
b) parallel to mirror axis
c) back to the centre of curvature

350. Protons have
# a) positive charge
b) negative charge
c) no charge

351. If gyro is constrained to an external reference and has three degrees of freedom it is
a) a space gyro
# b) a tied gyro
c) an earth gyro

352. in a concave mirror, a light ray passing through the focal point will be reflected
a) through the focus
b) parallel to the axis
# c) on the centre line of the mirror

353. A passive sensor
a) requires power for the sensor
# b) does not require power
c) requires power for the transmitter

354. Structures designed to withstand compression are called a
a) tie
# b) strut
c) beam

355. 1 Pascal equals
# a) 1 N/m sq.
b) 10
5
N/m sq.
c) 10 Nm

356. A vector is a physical quantity which possesses
a) a magnitude only
# b) magnitude and direction
c) magnitude direction and sense

357. Producing a compound from commonly available materials is
a) analysis
b) bombardment
# c) synthesis

358. A different number of nucleons in the nucleus of atoms would represent
a) isotones
# b) isotopes
c) semiconductor

359. Molecules of matter are in constant motion. The amount of vibration or motion is dependent on
# a) temperature
b) pressure
c) volume

360. The addition of 2 different vectors to produce a vector is called
a) sun
# b) resultant
c) component

361. The energy that ice at 0 degrees C must gain so that it turns to water at 0 degrees C is called
# a) the latent heat of fusion
b) the latent heat of vaporisation
c) sensible energy

362. Two items weighing 11kg and 8kg are placed 2m and 1m respectively aft of the C of G of an aircraft.
How far forward of the C of G must a weight of 30kg be placed so as not to change the C of G?
# a) 1m
b) 1.5m
c) 2m
363. A point at which the total force of a body acts is known as the
a) point of equilibrium
# b) centre of gravity
c) centre of mass

364. A load of 600N is suspended by a cable. If the stress in the cable is said to be limited to 15N/mm2
the minimum cross sectional area of the cable must be
a) 0.025mm2
# b) 40mm2
c) 9000mm2

365. A spring, operating within its elastic range, shortens by 60mm when a load of 480N is applied to it.
Calculate the total shortening when the load is increased by 120N
# a) 75mm
b) 45mm
c) 82mm

366. When a chemical change takes place, the smallest particle indivisible in an element is called
# a) an atom
b) a neutron
c) an electron

367. A nucleus consists of
# a) positively charged particles only
b) negatively charged particles only
c) a nucleus and normally has no overall charge at all and so is neutral

368. A compound is a
# a) mixture of more than one element which are chemically bonded
together
b) solution (either liquid or solid) of elements or mixtures of elements to form a new material
c) mixture of more than one element which are mixed together

369. A compound such as water can exist in how many states?
# a) 3
b) 2
c) 1

370. Select the correct statement from the following:
a) As temp rises a solid will always become a liquid and then a gas
# b) Matter can only exist in one of three states
c) Temperature is the only factor which can affect the state in which matter exists

371. Refractive index is
a) highest for water
# b) higher for diamond than acrylic
c) lower for 4C water than 0C ice

372. The period of simple pendulum
# a) independent of its mass
b) is longer for a heavy pendulum bob
c) is longer on the earth than on the moon

373. The c.g. of a triangular plate is at the intersection of
a) angle bisectors
b) perpendicular bisectors
# c) medians from a vertex to the opposite side

374. for hearing protection, noise cancelling headphones
a) cannot reduce the noise from outside completely
b) are designed to work with accessory completely
# c) operate by destructive interference of sound waves

375. for optical fibres, the refractive index of the cladding compared to that of the core:
# a) is always smaller
b) is always larger
c) can be either bigger or smaller depending on specification

376. When square change into parallelogram, which force is used
# a) elongation & shear
b) torsion & shear
c) compression & shear

377. The ability for a fibre optic cable to carry waves is dependent on
a) material, diameter and absorption
# b) internal reflection
c) material, absorption and speed of light

378. Ideal gas goes through an isothermal process. It is in accordance with which law?
a) Charle's
# b) Boyle's
c) Gay Lussac's

379. In spherical aberrations
# a) incident rays further from the axis intersect slightly closer to the lens to produce a distorted
picture
b) the bending of light through lens intersect at the same point (achromatic lens)
c) incident rays further from the axis intersect slightly further away from the lens to produce a
distorted picture

380. Tuning forks are used to vibrate musical instruments because
# a) they produce a pure note
b) they produce a beat when played together with the instrument
c) they produce both of the other effects described

381. When an open pipe is played and a note is heard
a) there is a 180 phase change at the open end
# b) resonance occurs with standing waves set up inside the pipe
c) the lowest frequency of the note is called second harmonic

382. A frequency 4 times that of resonance is
a) 3rd harmonic
# b) 3rd overtone
c) 4th overtone

383. A satellite requires 10 Joules to rotate half a revolution, which takes 30 seconds. What is the energy
required for one day?
# a) 28,800J
b) 14,400J
c) 1,200J

384. Two sound waves are the same but slightly out of phase. This means that
# a) the beat frequency is the same
b) the beat frequency will be slightly different
c) there will be no beat frequency

385. In a fibre optic flying control system
a) the sensor needs electrical power
# b) the sensor and transmitter require electrical power
c) the sensor inputs to the transmitter which needs electrical power

386. in fibreoptics, the type of cable is chosen by
a) mathching the diameter of the cable with the wavelength
# b) distance required to travel
c) the strength of signal needed

387. in a vibrating string, the point at which there is no displacement is called a
a) fundamental mode
# b) node
c) antinode

388. The amplitude of a Transverse Wave is the distance from
a) one peak to the next
b) the top of a peak to the bottom of a trough
# c) half the distance from peak to trough


389. Increasing the Amplitude of a soundwave increases its
# a) loudness
b) moment
c) pitch

390. A wave in which the vibrations are perpendicular, or at right angles to the direction of wave travel is
a
a) Longitudinal Wave
# b) Transverse Wave
c) Dispersion Wave

391. The Steam Point of water is
a) 273 Kelvin
# b) 373 Kelvin
c) 0 Kelvin

392. Isotopes of an element have
# a) the same number of protons but a different number of neutrons
b) the same number of neutrons but a different number of protons
c) a different atomic number

393. When refraction takes place
a) the speed of the wave remains constant
b) the wavelength remains constant
# c) the frequency remains constant

394. When a string vibrates, the point at which maximum displacement occurs is called the
# a) antinode
b) node
c) primary node

395. A quantity which has size but no direction is called a
a) Vector
# b) Scalar
c) Moment

396. Increasing the frequency of a sound wave increases its
a) loudness
# b) pitch
c) moment

397. A wave in which the vibrations are parallel to, or along, the direction of travel is a
a) Transverse Wave
b) Upright Wave
# c) Longitudinal Wave


398. Neutrons have
a) a positive charge
b) a negative charge
# c) no charge

399. The size of Centripetal Force on an object travelling in a circle
a) increases with an increasing radius of circle
b) decreases with increasing speed of the object
# c) increase with increasing mass of the object

400. When light meets a Glass / Air boundary at an angle of incidence less than the critical angle
a) Total Internal Reflection takes place
b) no light is reflected
# c) both reflection and refraction takes place

401. Atomic MASS number is the number of
a) protons
# b) protons and neutrons
c) electrons

402. The advantage of using a machine is
a) input/output
# b) mechanical advantage of output
c) mechanical advantage of input

403. To find the compressibility of a material
a) compressibility stress x compressibility strain
# b) compressibility stress divided by compressibility strain
c) compressibility strain divided by compressibility stress

404. Pressure in a pipe is
a) mass divided by cross-sectional area
b) weight per unit area
# c) force per unit area

405. Which of the following can transmit pressure?
# a) Liquids and gases
b) Solids and gases
c) any matter depending on temperature

406. Celsius to Fahrenheit is calculated by
a) (5/9 x C) + 32
# b) (9/5 x C) + 32
c) (5/9 + 32) + C


407. The mass of a proton is equal to that of a
# a) neutron
b) electron
c) nucleus

408. A single fixed pulley (discounting friction etc) has a mechanical advantage of
a) 2
# b) 1
c) 1/2

409. An object placed more than twice the focal length behind a converging lens will form an image that is
# a) inverted, smaller and real
b) erect, smaller and real
c) inverted, larger and virtual

410. A parabolic mirror may be used to prevent
a) formation of a penumbra
# b) spherical aberation
c) lateral inversion

411. A 200 cm titanium bar increases in length by 2 cm when its temperature rises by 100 deg C. Its
linear expansivity is
a) 0.0101 per Deg C
b) 0.01 per Deg C
# c) 0.0001 per Deg C

412. Heat transmission by convection is confined to
a) gases and solids
b) solids and liquids
# c) liquids and gases

413. Given that 1 cubic foot of water weighs 62.4 lbs and the specific gravity of fuel is 0.81, what is the
weight of 10 cubic foot of fuel?
a) 402.8 lbs
# b) 505.4 lbs
c) 770.3 lbs

414. The point at which an applied force overcomes friction and an object begins to move is the co-
efficient of
a) kinetic friction
b) static friction
# c) limiting friction

415. A moment is created by a force of 5N acting 4m from the pivot on a uniform bar. At what distance
must a force of 10N be applied to balance the beam?
a) 8 m
# b) 2 m
c) 4 m

416. A lever of length 105 cm is used with a fulcrum placed 15 cm from the end bearing the load. Its
mechanical advantage is
# a) 6
b) 1/6
c) 7

417. If a string is vibrating at the 3rd harmonic, it will be oscillating at
a) 4 times its fundamental frequency
b) Fundamental Frequency
# c) 3 times its fundamental frequency

418. for an object in circular motion at constant velocity, if the radius of its path is doubled the centripetal
force will
# a) half
b) remain the same
c) double

419. An aircraft weighing 6400 pounds lands at a speed of 10 ft/Sec and stops in 10 Seconds. What force
was generated by the brakes (assuming gravity as 32 ft/sec2)
a) -2000 Lbs
# b) -200 Lbs
c) -640 Lbs

420. "For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction." This is known as
a) Newton's first law
b) Newton's second law
# c) Newton's third law

421. The stress created when a material is pulled apart is called
a) torsion
b) compression
# c) tension

422. The percentage of nitrogen in air is approximately
# a) 78%
b) 21%
c) 62%


423. The yield point of a material is the point at which
a) the material ruptures or breaks
b) strain becomes proportional to stress
# c) permanent deformation takes place

424. Assuming constant temperature. If a steel bar of length 2 m deforms to a length of 2.2 m under
applied load. The strain is
a) 0.9
# b) 0.1
c) 1.1

425. A valence electron is
a) an electron in the innermost shell
# b) an electron in the outermost shell
c) an electron in the nucleus

426. SI unit of Power is the
a) Volt
b) Pascal
# c) Watt

427. The effect of the sound of a train passing by is known as
a) resonance
# b) doppler effect
c) double frequency

428. Wavelength is
a) distance between top and bottom
# b) distance between crests
c) distance from trough to crest

429. One radian is equal to
a) the angle subtended at the centre of a circle when the arc-length formed between two radial lines
is equal to pi
# b) the angle subtended at the centre of a circle when the arc-length formed between two radial lines
is equal in length to the radius
c) 66.67 degrees

430. When a system undergoes a complete cycle where the net heat supplied is equal to work done plus
a change in internal energy - this is known as
# a) First law of thermodynamics
b) Ideal Gas law
c) 2nd Law of thermodynamics


431. A weight on a spring almost touches the floor 7 times over 21 seconds. What is its frequency?
a) 7 cycles/second
b) cycles/second
# c) 1/3 cycles/second

432. A Scalar quantity has
a) sense and direction
b) sense, magnitude and direction
# c) magnitude only

433. The amount a gyro precesses when a torque is applied is
# a) proportional to the torque
b) proportional to the square of the torque
c) inversely proportional to the torque

434. A hydraulic piston of 2.5 square inches produces 7500lbf, What pressure is used?
# a) 3000 PSI
b) 5000 PSI
c) 7000 PSI

435. When using an OTDR to measure cable attenuation the attenuation in dB/m is
a) dialled into the OTDR
# b) read from the wave graph produced
c) read from the voltmeter

436. In a heat pump
a) the condenser always loses heat
# b) the pump operates in both directions
c) the evaporator gains heat during the heating cycle


437. Which of the following dose not transmitter pressure?
a) solid
b) liquid
c) gas

438. What is the maximum number of electrons in the second shell of an
atom?
a) 2
b) 16
c) 8

439. What dose a catalyst do?
a) speed up a reaction
b) slow down the reaction
c) speed up and slow down the reaction

440. In a fiber optical control system which of the following are used?
a) multi-mode
b) single-mode
c) dual-mode

441. Adiabatic compression is when?
a) kinetic energy is gained
b) where heat is given off to its surroundings
c) a compression cycle where no heat is lost or gained

442. When different signals are transmitted down a fiber optic core they
are distinguished by?
a) star coupler
b) passive filter
c) active filter

443. An atom with a full outer shell is?
a) a good conductor
b) a good insulator
c) practically inert

444. In an air to air heating system
a) condenser will extract heat
b) the evaporator add heat
c) pressure will remain constant

445. In a divergent lens the point of focus is?
a) beyond the center of the lens
b) behind the center of the lens
c) at the center of the lens

446. A fiber optic cable has different refractive index across its diameter
it is
a) step
b) graded
c) single

447. An object is pushed with a force of 5N for 10M for 4 seconds how
much power is used?
a) 200 watts
b) 8 watts
c) 12.5 watts

448. Convection dose not occur in
a) solids
b) liquids
c) gases

449. When heating a solid what happens to the temp as it changes to a
liquid?
a) remains constant
b) increases rapidly
c) increases at a constant rate

450. 1 kilowatt is equal to
a) 3412.9 btu/hr
b) 1.56 hp
c) 867 joules

451. Valence electrons are found in
a) the inner shell
b) outer shell
c) middle shell

452. An isotope is the base element with different number of
a) neutrons
b) protons
c) electrons

453. A light reflected on to a mirror
a) the light is reflected
b) some of the light is absorbed
c) the light is refracted

454. 1 btu is
a) 57 joules
b) 688 j
c) 1055 j

456. 1 calorie is
a) 4.1 joules
b) 8 j
c) 57 j

457. When a force is exerted on a confined liquid, its volume decreases
slightly,this is?
a) compressive strain
b) compressive stress
c) bulk modulus