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NETA JI SUBHASH CHANDER

BOSE GOVERNMENT SENIOR


SECONDARY SCHOOL

DALHOUSIE

PRESENTS
FORESTS
AND
PEOPLE
THE ROLE OF FORESTS
IN THE LIFE OF
VILLAGERS
60 years back when, people had not heard about
sanctuaries or reserved forests, the villagers were very
BUT FIRST…..,
close to their natural resources. There was no talk of
deforestation, illegal cutting or climate change and
global warming…..

WHAT HAPPENNED….!!!
We have to understand what role does the forest play in
the lives of these villagers………….
WHAT CHANGED DURING THESE SIX DECADES TO BRING
THIS WORLD TO A STAGE, WHERE PEOPLE FIND
THEMSELVES DISTANCED FROM THEIR NATURAL
ENVIRONMENT…..
FORESTS IN THE DAILY LIFE OF
A VILLAGER
The villagers and their daily lives are intricately bound
together in every step from morning to night......
 
• Whether it is for cooking.......

• or for grazing....

• or for fodder
 
• for the cowshed
 
• for the house
 
• or even for livelihood
 

An unending list, every facet of country life is directly or indirectly linked


with the forests
Forest products as a source of
income
 
The forests conceal a rich variety of products that are linked with income
generation for those who can find them. Chiefly among them are:
 
 
Medicinal herbs like.......
 
Neelkant: It is be used for the treatment of Diarrhoea and dysentry
Dhoop: It is used for the treatment of fever
Banafsha: It is used for the treatment of cancer and whooping Cough.
Barian: It is highly valued as rejuvenator for the brain & nervous system.
 
 

Food Products
Wild Ferns – Locally called Kasrod
Morel Mushrooms – Locally called Guchhi
Raspberry– Locally called Akhre
Rhododendron Flowers – Locally called Chiun Flowers

Handicrafts
 
Fuel
 
Commercial wood harvesting (mostly undertaken by the forest corporation which is one of their
chief sources of revenue).
Classification of Forests.
Technically forests can be classified into various categories, like:

Demarcated Protected forests (DPF)


These are forests where the boundary of the forests are defined, as also the
activities that are not allowed in these areas, e.g. hunting or tree-felling
Undemarcated Protected Forests (UPF)
UPF’s are forests where the boundaries are not defined by barbed wires or
landmarked with stone markers. The rules for UPF’s are same as DPF’s
Reserved forests
Where the activities that can take place are defined e.g. grass cutting, collecting
leaves or herbs are defined as allowed activities.
Protected Area forest
Protected Areas are forest which are usually defined as sanctuaries and wild life
reserves e.g. Kalatop Wildlife Sanctuary.
Unclassified Forests: Unclassified Forests are the forest which have not been
defined into any of the above categories
 
But as far as Dalhousie is concerned. We have on one side Kalatop Sanctuary as the
Protected Area forest and
 
on the other side we are surrounded by Reserved forests.
 
The Sanctuary area is a Protected area under the ‘Wildlife Protection Act’. Where by
no human activities are allowed within the sanctuary, except for the wildlife trails at
the periphery of the sanctuary.
 
The Reserved Forests come under the ‘Indian Forest Act’ and the ‘Forest
Conservation Act’ whereby only certain activities are allowed within these forests e.g.
Wood harvesting by the Forest Corporation
Problems of the people
living near forest areas
• People living near the Kalatop Sanctuary face the
restrictions imposed by the ‘Wildlife Protection Act’.
Within the sanctuary area they are legally not entitled
to take any fuel, fodder or wood.
• The timber distribution rights of the people have been
restricted from even the reserve forests which is
causing problems for people wanting to repair or build
their houses especially in the poorer areas.
• These restrictions are leading to more stealing
and illegal felling of wood within these forests.
These restrictions also alienate people from the
forests and has led to the villagers not caring
about deforestation and fires in these areas.
How people and the
Forests could co-exist
under the present
scenario
• The need of the hour is to develop more understanding between the
people and the Forest authorities for better management of the
existing forests.
• People living around the forest areas have to be involved actively and
create Forest management committees comprising of the people as
well as forest department and local authorities.
• Effort should be made to educate and make people more aware about
their natural environment and the need to care for it.
• More and more schools and colleges should be involved for
environmental awareness so that we have a new generation coming
up who are aware and ready to deal with environmental problems
CREDITS
PRODUCTION INCHARGES
MR RAMPAL
MRS. POOJA RATHORE

PROGRAMME ANCHOR
SHARON WALIA
Helpers
Nitin, Poonam, Dharmendra,
Guddu

CHARACTERS IN THE PLAY

Forest guard 1 – Rohit


Sharma
Forest Guard 2 – Rohit Berry
Grass Cutter – Aarzoo Sahota