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Scantling Calculation

Hull Geometry:

Length between perpendicular L = 125 m
B/L = 0.1333
H/L = .00533
C
B
= 0.600
C
pr
= 0.614
C
x
=0.977
C
s
= 0.710
LWL/L = 1.0167





Particulars:

Length between Perpendicular
LWL = 127.1 m
Breadth of ship
Draft
Height (H=.66D+.9)
Block coefficient


Volume of Displacement = 8530 tonnes
Frame spacing a=0.5m
Web frame spacing
Material factor
Yield strength R
eH
= 355 N/mm
2
(Ref.Sec-2, A.2)











Bottom Shell Plating:

Length co-efficient, C
L
= 1 for L 90 m
Service coefficient C
RW
= 1 for unlimited service range
Distribution factor, C
F
x C
D
= 1 for midship (Ref.Sec-4, Table-4.1)
Wave coefficient, Co = Wave Coefficient (Ref.Sec-4, A 3)
=
(
(

|
.
|

\
|

5 .. 1
100
300
75 . 10
L
C
RW

=
(
(

|
.
|

\
|

5 . 1
100
125 300
75 . 10 x 1

= 8.43

n
f
= 0.83 for longitudinal framing (Ref.Sec-6, A.2)


Probability factor, f = 1 for girders and girder systems of the outer hull (web frames, stringers,
grillage systems) (Ref.Sec-4, A.3)


C
L
= Length coefficient =1
Po = Basic external dynamic load (Ref.Sec-4, A 3)
= 2.1(C
B
+0.7) C
o
C
L
f
= 2.1(0.6+0.7) 8.43 1 1
= 23.014 KN/m
2


P
B
= Load at bottom (Ref.Sec-4, B-5)
= 10H + P
o
C
F

= 10 6.66 + 23.014 1
= 89.614 KN/m
2


Now,
perm
o
=230/ k KN/m
2
(Ref.Sec-6, A.2)


=230/0.72
=319.44 KN/m
2
o
LB
= 120/k (for L90m )
=166.77 KN/m
2

pl
o
= ( )
2 2
3
L
perm
t o -0.89 o
LB
= ( )
2 2
) 0 .( 3 44 . 319 -0.89 166.67
=
171.01 N/mm
2

Corrosion addition t
k
= 2.5 mm, (Ref.Sec-3, G)




t
B1
= 18.3x n
f
x a x
pl
B
P
o
+ t
k
= 18.3 x 0.83 x .5 x
01 . 171
89 . 89
+ 1.5 =7.0 mm (Ref.Sec-6, B-1.2)
t
B2
=1.21 x a x ) . ( K P
B
+ t
K
= 1.210.5 ) 72 . 0 614 . 89 ( x +2.5=6 mm
Minimum plate thickness = C
1
( ) K L. + t
k
= 1 x ( ) 72 . 0 125 + 0.25=9.73 mm (Ref.Sec-6, B-2)

So, we accept the bottom plate thickness = 10 mm


Side Plate thickness:


P
s
= 10(T-z) + P
o
.C
F
(1+z/T) (Ref.Sec-4, B-2)
Where, z = vertical distance of the structure's load centre above base line [m]
= D/2 = 8.73/2 = 4.365

P
s
= 10(6.66-4.365) + 23.014 x 1 x (1+4.365/6.66)
= 61.05 kN/m
2


Side plating thickness, t
s
= 1.9 n
f
. a (P
s
.k) + t
k
(Ref.Sec-6, C-1)
= 1.9 x 0.83 X .5 X (61.05 X 0.72) + 2.5
=7.73 mm


As plates can be thinner,so, we take the side plate thickness = 8 mm


Bilge thicknes:

We have taken bilge thikness same as the bottom plate thikness,T
B

ie, bilge thikness = 10 mm



Flat Keel Plate:

Width Of Keel Plate =800+5L = 1325 mm =1.325 m (Ref.Sec-6, B 5.1)

The thickness of flat plate keel should not be less than
t
FK
=t
B
+2.0
=10+2.0=12mm


So we take the thickness of our flat plate keel as t
FK
=12 mm


Deck Plate:

P = P
D
= Pressure on ships deck (Ref. Sec4, B-1.1)
= P
o

H T Z
T
) 10 (
20
+

C
D
=25.29 (206.46) 1/(10+4.925-6.46) 9.85
=39.19 KN/m
2

The thickness of strength deck plating t
E
for 0.1L from the ends & between hatchways is not to
be less than
t
E1
= 1.21*a*(P
d
*k)
0.5
+t
k

= 4.71 mm
t
E min
= (5.5+0.02xL)k = 8.96 mm (Ref. Sec7,A-7.1)

we take deck plate thickness = 9 mm

Where,
Z = vertical distance of the structure's load centre above base line [m]
= D/2
= 9.85/2
=4.925 m
C
D
= distribution factor = 1
H=depth of ship

Bulkhead

f=


p 39.24
c
p


Vertical stiffener spacing=0.712 m, Corossion addition t
k
= 1.5 mm

Thickness of bulkhead
t =

(Ref. Sec11,Table-11.1 & B-2.1)


=0.81



So,we take the thickness = 5 mm






Web frame and Side Stringers

P=Ps=Load on ship side (Ref. Sec4,B-2.1.1)
= 10(T-Z) + P
o
C
F
(1+
T
Z
)
= 10(6.46-4.925) +25.291 (1+
.
46 . 6
925 . 4
)
= 59.92 KN/m
2


Where,
Z = vertical distance of the structure's load centre above base line [m]
=4.925 m

T = Draft =6.46 m
C
F
= distribution factor=1


Co= Wave Coefficient
= 8.03

Po = Basic external dynamic load
= 25.29 KN/m
2


Web frame spacing, e = 2 m

l = Length of unsupported span
= same as web frame spacing
= 2 m

Section modulus, w = 0.55 e l
2
P n
c
K (Ref.Sec-9, A- 5.3.1)

= 0.55 2 2 59.92 1 0.72
= 189.83


200cm
3

Where, n
c
=

Reduction coefficient, K = Material factor

Dimension T- 189x50x5 (Ref. Zulfikar.M.M. (2008).The Inland Shipping Laws & Rules, P-170)









Bottom structure (Keelson)

Depth, h = 350 + 45B (Ref.Sec-8, B- 2.2.1)

= 350 + (4516.15)
= 1076.75 mm
ha= depth of certer girder as buildt
Again, double bottom depth=B/15 = 16.15/15= 1.08 m=1080 mm
So, we take ha= 1.08 m
Thickness, t =
ha
h
(
100
h
+ 1) K
for h1200
(Ref.Sec-8, B- 2.2.2)

=
1080
75 . 1076
(
100
75 . 1076
+ 1) 72 . 0
= 9.95

10 mm

Face plate width

1010=100 mm

Dimension T- 1000 100 10 (Ref. Zulfikar.M.M. (2008).The Inland Shipping Laws & Rules, P-170)

Deck Web and Deck Girder

Section Modulus, W = c e l
2
P K (Ref.Sec-10, B 4.1)

= 0.75 2 2
2
39.19 0.72
= 169.3 cm
3
180 cm
3

Where,
P = P
D
= Pressure on ships deck
=39.39 KN/m
2


l = Length of unsupported span = 2m
c =

0.75 for beams, girders and transverses which are simply supported on one or both ends

Dimension T- 178x50x5 (Ref. Zulfikar.M.M. (2008).The Inland Shipping Laws & Rules, P-170)

Bottom Longitudinal

Po = Basic external dynamic load
= 25.29 KN/m
2
a = frame spacing = 0.5 m



f = Probability factor = 0.75 for secondary stiffening members
P = P
B
= Load at bottom
= 89.89 KN/m
2

m
a
= 0.204
l
a
[4 (
l
a
)
2
] = 0.204
2
5 . 0
[4(
2
5 . 0
)
2
] = 0.191

m
k
= 1
l
l
KU
sin
2
= 1- 4
2
5 . 0
(sin45)
2
= 0.524

m = m
k
2
m
a
2
= 0.238

pr
=
k
230
= 319.44

Sectional modulus, W =
pr
o
3 . 83
m a l
2
P = 11.16 cm
3
16cm
3

Dimension L 6040 5 (Ref. Zulfikar.M.M. (2008).The Inland Shipping Laws & Rules, P-164)



Side Longitudinal

P
s
= Load on side
= 10(T-Z) + P
o
C
F
(1 +
T
Z
) (Ref.Sec-4, B.2)
= 10(6.66-4.925) + 23.143 1 (1 +
66 . 6
925 . 4
)
= 57.61 KN/m
2
Section Modulus, W =
pr o
3 . 83
m a l
2
P
s
=
44 . 319
3 . 83
0.238.52
2
57.61
= 7.15 cm3

16 cm
3

Dimension L 60 40 5 (Ref. Zulfikar.M.M. (2008).The Inland Shipping Laws & Rules, P-164)

Deck Longitudinal

P = P
D
= Pressure on ships deck
= P
o

H T Z
T
) 10 (
20
+

C
D
= 46.69 KN/m
2
(Ref.Sec4-, B.1)
W =
pr o
3 . 83
m a l
2
P
D
=
44 . 319
3 . 83
0.238 2
2
0.5 46.69 = 5.8 16cm
3



Dimension =L- 60405 (Ref. Zulfikar.M.M. (2008).The Inland Shipping Laws & Rules, P-164)


Deck Beam

P = P
D
= Pressure on ships deck
= P
o

H T Z
T
) 10 (
20
+

C
D
= 46.69 KN/m
2
(Ref.Sec4-, B.1)
c = 0.75 for beam & girders

Sectional modulus, W
d
= c a l
2
k P = 50.42 43cm
3


Dimension L- 90 60 6 (Ref. Zulfikar.M.M. (2008).The Inland Shipping Laws & Rules, P-165)

Dimension of Brackets

Here for bottom frames



Unsupported span
The section modulus of bottom and inner bottom frames should not be less than


For flanged bracket
The thickness of the bracket should not be less than



we take the thickness of the brackets as


Now



The arm length of brackets should not be less than (Ref.Sec3-,B.3.5.2.3)