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Types and Forms

of
Government













Submitted By:
Carlyle Angelou Velasco


Democracy is a form of government in which all eligible citizens are
meant to participate equally, either directly or, through elected
representatives, indirectly in the proposal, development and establishment
of the laws by which their society is run. The word "democracy" literally
means "rule by the people."

Aristocracy is a form of government in which power is in the hands
of a small, privileged, ruling class. An aristocracy is rule by the aristocrats.
Aristocrats are typically wealthy, educated people. From the Greek
aristokratia, meaning "rule of the best".

Monarchy a form of government in which supreme power is
absolutely or nominally lodged with an individual, who is the head of state,
often for life or until abdication. A monarchy usually possesses more
checks and balances than an autocracy or dictatorship.

Dictatorship is a form of government where political authority is
often described as monopolized by a single person or a political system,
and exercised through various oppressive mechanisms. The term may
refer to a system where the dictator came to power, and holds it, purely by
force, but it also includes systems where the dictator first came to power
legitimately but then was able to amend the constitution so as to, in effect,
gather all power for themselves. In a military dictatorship, the army is in
control. Usually, there is little or no attention to public opinion or individual
rights.


Corporatocracy a form of government where a corporation, a
group of corporations, or government entities with private components,
control the direction and governance of a country. Its use is generally
pejorative.

Ethnocracy is a type of political regime, a form of government
where representatives of a particular ethnic group hold a number of
government posts disproportionately large to the percentage of the total
population that the particular ethnic groups represents and use them to
advance the position of their particular ethnic groups to the detriment of
others.

Federacy is a form of government where one or several substate
units enjoy considerably more independence than the majority of the
substate units. Features of both a federation and unitary state. In a
federacy, at least one of the constituent parts of the state is autonomous,
while the other constituent parts are either not autonomous or
comparatively less autonomous.

Oligarchy a form of government in which power effectively rests with
a small elite segment of society distinguished by royal, wealth, intellectual,
family, military or religious hegemony.


Theocracy a form of government in which a god or deity is
recognized as the state's supreme civil ruler. Since said god or deity is
usually absent from decision making, a church sponsored leader or leaders
will rule instead.

Anarchy is lack of government, as there is no governing authority; in
anarchy there is no government and each individual has absolute liberty. It
is important to note, however, that the lack of a government to enforce laws
does not automatically imply that there are no laws, anarcho-capitalism in
particular posits a form of anarchy with a body of explicit laws.

Theodemocracy was a theocratic political system that included
elements of democracy. Was meant to be a fusion of traditional republican
democratic rights under the United States Constitution with theocratic
principles.

Communist state a state with a form of government
characterized by single-party rule or dominant party system by
a communist party, usually with a professed allegiance to Marxism-
Leninism as the guiding ideology of the state.

Republic A literal democracy is impossible in a political system
containing more than a few people. All "democracies" are really republics.
In a republic, the people elect representatives to make and enforce laws.
.
Federal Government type of system, a central government
shares power with a number of small local governments. The federal
government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive
and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U.S. Constitution in the
Congress, the President, and the federal courts, including the Supreme
Court, respectively.