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Materials Aspects
1
BEAM Affiliate Training and Examination
June 2014
Ir Prof CS Poon
Green Building Faculty
Panel Chair of Material Aspects, Technical Review Committee, BEAM Society Limited

Yvonne Ieong
Green Building Faculty
Deputy Panel Chair of Material Aspects, Technical Review Committee, BEAM Society Limited


BEAM Plus: Materials Aspects
Principal Aims:

Promote sustainable use of natural resources

Minimize waste generation

Encourage waste recycling

Conserve land-filling space

Protect ozone layer

Deforestation
Ozone Depletion
Global Warming
The ozone hole reached its biggest extent on
26 September, 2013.
Image sources:
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/mar/09/ozone-hole-antarctica-
chemicals and http://ourchangingclimate.files.wordpress.com/2010/04/
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
A Life Cycle Assessment is an
analysis of the environmental
aspects and potential impacts
associated with a product, process
or service.

Life Cycle Assessment
Image source:
http://www.solidworks.com/sustainability/design/2722_ENU_HTML.htm
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)

Embodied Energy is the energy used
during the entire life cycle of a product,
including its manufacture,
transportation, and disposal, as well as
the inherent energy captured within
the product itself.
What is Embodied Energy?

Image source:
http://www.fmlink.com/ProfResources/Sustainability/Articles/i
mages/sustainability092812a3.jpg

Embodied Energy of Building Materials
Image source:
Tucker, Selwyn (2001).
"The Embodied Energy in
Buildings(Last Viewed 24
th

April 2014)
Materials Aspects
BEAM PLUS FOR NEW
BUILDINGS
BEAM PLUS FOR
EXISTING BUILDINGS
BEAM PLUS
INTERIORS
Objective

Encourage the use of well-managed
timber.

Virgin Forest products shall NOT be
used for temporary works during
Construction.

Timber Used for Temporary Works
Submission

Documentation and Photographic
evidence demonstrating that NO virgin
forest products were being used for
temporary works.
MA P1 X MA P3
Prerequisite Credit for not using Virgin forest products for
temporary works during construction.

Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)

Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certifications Scheme (PEFC)

Canadian Standards Association (CSA)

Cerflor (Brazil)

Malaysian Timber Certification Council (MTCC)
Acceptable forestry certification systems include:

MA P1 X MA P3
Timber Used for Temporary Works
Timber Used for Temporary Works

Timber formwork

Timber used in working platforms of
scaffolding

Timber partitions used during construction
or renovation
Image source:
http://www.cityu.edu.hk/CIVCAL/production/traditional/
Virtual Building and Construction Environment, the Department of
Building and Construction, City University of Hong Kong and
http://scaffoldersscotland.co.uk/contact.html
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
MA P1 X MA P3
Examples of Timber Used for Temporary Works
Submission

Report by a suitably qualified person giving
details of the HVAC&R system installed
and demonstrating that NO
chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)-based
refrigerants are being used in the
HVAC&R systems.
Objective

Reduce the release of chlorofluorocarbon
(CFC) into the atmosphere.
Use of Non-CFC Based Refrigerants
MA P2 MA P1 MA P1
Prerequisite Credit using non-chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)-based
refrigerants in HVAC&R systems.
Use of Non-CFC Based Refrigerants
Man-made chemicals such as
chlorofluorocarbans (CFC) have huge
effect on Ozone depletion.

MA P2 MA P1 MA P1
Common sources of CFC releasing products

Image source:
http://www.theozonehole.com/images/ozoned1.jpg and
http://www.policyalmanac.org/environment/archive/ozone.shtml
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
Use of Non-CFC Based Refrigerants
ODP=0
MA P2 MA P1 MA P1
Construction/Demolition Waste Management Plan
Submission

Proof of documentation of a waste
management system that provides for the
sorting, recycling and proper disposal of
construction/demolition materials.
Objective

Encourage best practice for the management of
waste, including sorting, recycling and
disposal of demolition and construction
waste.

The main aim is to minimise waste generation,
encourage waste recycling and conserve
land-filling space.

Construction materials and infrastructure
significantly consume natural resources and
enormous amounts of embodied energy* (and
embodied carbon). Waste Management Plan
helps towards a lower-carbon future economy.


MA P3 X X
Prerequisite Credit for implementation of a waste management
system that provides for the sorting, recycling and proper
disposal of construction/ demolition materials.

The Applicant shall submit with documentation proves of
implementation details, including photos, record, and quantities
of waste generated, recycled, disposed of at specific locations.


Demolition part can be excluded if Demolition
is NOT required
was completed before 01 April 2010
not under the Applicants control.
Construction/Demolition Waste Management Plan
MA P3 X X
Criteria


Over 90% of construction waste are inert and are known as public fill. Public fill
includes debris, rubble, earth and concrete which is suitable for land reclamation and
site formation.
Information source:
http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/misc/cdm/
introduction.htm
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
Construction/Demolition Waste Management Plan
Inert Material ()
MA P3 X X
3 Main Types of Waste:
- Municipal solid waste (MSW)
- Construction waste
- Other special wastes such as chemical waste and livestock waste

Other Special Wastes:
- Chemical Waste comprises substances specified under the Waste Disposal (Chemical
Waste) (General) Regulation as posing a possible RISK to health and/or the environment.
- Clinical waste consists of waste generated from various healthcare, laboratory and
research practices as defined in Section 2 and Schedule 8 of the Waste Disposal
Ordinance.
- Special wastes include animal carcasses, livestock waste, radioactive waste, grease
trap waste and waterworks/sewage sludge, which need to be treated separately.

Information source:
http://www.gov.hk/en/residents/environment/waste/wasterecycinhk.htm and
http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/waste_maincontent.html
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
Construction/Demolition Waste Management Plan
MA P3 X X
Types of Waste in Hong Kong


Construction waste constitutes around
40% of the total waste

The EPD predict all Hong Kongs
landfills will be full in 6-10 years



Information source: http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/misc/cdm/info/dry%20run%20presentation%20revised.pdf,
http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/misc/ehk97/ch5/p61ph_c.gif (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)











Construction/Demolition Waste Management Plan
MA P3 X X
Construction Waste in Hong Kong

3 Rs Principle:

Information source: http://www.nipponexpress.com/about/csr/environment/3r.html (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
Construction/Demolition Waste Management Plan
MA P3 X X
Facilities for Construction Waste in Hong Kong
Image source:
http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/misc/cdm/management_intro.htm, Environmental Protection Department
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)

1. Nim Wan
(WENT)
2. Ta Kwu Ling
(NENT)
3. Tseung Kwan O
(SENT)
Construction/Demolition Waste Management Plan
MA P3 X X
1. Nim Wan
2. Ta Kwu Ling
3. Tseung Kwan O
NENT- North East New Territories Landfill
SENT- South East New Territories Landfill
WENT- West New Territories Landfill
TKO 137 Fill Bank
Tuen Mun 38 Fill Bank

Objective

- Reduce pressure on landfill sites
- Reduce pollution and global warming
- Preserve non-renewable resources by
promoting the recycling of waste
materials
- Conserve Natural Resources


Waste Recycling Facilities
Submission

List of responsible person
Drawings, floor plans, sections,
elevations, record photographs of
recycling facilities and organization
information for recycling and collection.
MA P4 MA P2 x
Prerequisite Credit for provision of facilities for the collection,
sorting, storage and disposal of waste and recovered materials.
Waste Recycling Facilities
MA P4 MA P2 MA 1
Refuse Storage and Materials Recovery Chambers
Image source:
http://www.susdev.org.hk/susdevorg/archive2009/en/gallery_thumbnail_5.html (Last Viewed 29
th
May 2014)
Waste Recycling Facilities
MA P4 MA P2 X
Requirement:
Provision of facilities for the collection, sorting, storage and disposal of waste and recovered materials.
Objective:
Reduce pressure on landfill sites and help to preserve non-renewable resources by promoting recycling of waste
materials.
Prerequisite
Exclusion:
One single family domestic building with not more than 3 floors or domestic part of a composite building for one
single family with not more than 3 floors.
Remarks:
for a domestic building or composite building on a site of an area of not more than 250 m2, the provision of refuse
storage and material recovery room on every floor of domestic building shall be exempted in BEAM Plus Assessment;

As an indication the space requirements for commercial building, industrial building and a building constructed or
adapted for use principally as a church, a school, a carpark or similar buildings, are 2 m2 per 1,000 m2 of usable
floor space.
Objective

Reduce pressure on landfill sites and help
to preserve non-renewable resources by
promoting the recycling of waste
materials.
Minimum Waste Recycling Facilities
Submission

At least one storage facility with the
capacity for paper, plastic and metal
materials. The facility shall be placed in
prominent location.
X X MA P2
Prerequisite credit for providing storage facilities at prominent
location for the collection and recycling of paper, plastic and
metal waste.
Materials Aspects NB EB
No. of Prerequisites 4 2
No. of Credits 22 11
No. of Bonus 1 2
Credit Summary for NB:
Ma P1 Timber Used for Temporary Works
Ma P2 Use of Non-CFC Based Refrigerants
Ma P3 Construction / Demolition Waste
Management Plan
Ma P4 Waste Recycle Facilities
Ma 1 Building Reuse
Ma 2 Modular and Standardized Design
Ma 3 Prefabrication
Ma 4 Adaptability and Deconstruction
Ma 5 Rapidly Renewable Materials
Ma 6 Sustainable Forest Products
Ma 7 Recycled Materials
Ma 8 Ozone Depleting Substances
Ma 9 Regionally Manufactured Materials
Ma 10 Demolition Waste Reduction
Ma 11 Construction Waste Reduction
Credit Summary for EB:
Ma P1 Use of Non-CFC Based Refrigerants
Ma P2 Waste Recycling Facilities
Ma 1 Building Reuse
Ma 2 Modular and Standardized Design
Ma 3 Adaptability and Deconstruction
Ma 4 Rapidly Renewable Materials
Ma 5 Sustainable Forest Products
Ma 6 Ozone Depleting Substances
Ma 7 Waste Management
BEAM Plus
Materials Aspects
Section Credit
MA P1 Use of Non-CFC Based Refrigerants Prerequisite
MA P2 Minimum Waste Recycling Facilities Prerequisite
MA P3 Timber Used for Temporary Works Prerequisite
MA 1 Waste Recycling Facilities 2
MA 2 Interior Components Reuse 3
MA 3 Furniture and Partitions 3
MA 4 Modular Design Materials 1
MA 5 Designed for Disassembly 1
MA 6 Sustainable Flooring Products 4
MA 7 Sustainable Ceiling Products 4
MA 8 Sustainable Internal Wall and Door Products 4
MA 9 Zero PVC 1
MA 10 Ozone Depleting Substances 1
MA 11 Demolition and Construction Waste Reduction 2
Total 26 Copyright 2013 Business Environment Council Limited
BI : Materials Aspects
Key Words
Supplementary Information
1 Construction Waste
2 Waste Minimization /
3 Waste Recycling /
4 Ozone Depletion /
5 Waste Management Plan
6 Prefabrication
7 Modular Design
8 Sustainable Timber
9 CFC
10 Structural Adaptability

T +852 3610 5700
F +852 3996 9108
www.beamsociety.org.hk
1/F Jockey Club Environmental Building,
77 Tat Chee Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong
771
28

For later questions, please email us:
ba.training@beamsociety.org.hk
Objective

Encourage the reuse of major elements of
existing buildings, to reduce demolition
waste, conserve resources and reduce
environmental impacts during
construction.

Submission

Report prepared by a suitably qualified
person outlining the extent to which major
building elements from an existing building
were used in the building. The percentage
of building elements shall be calculated as
the amount (volume or weight) of building
elements reused as a percentage of the
total amount (volume or weight)
MA 1 MA 1 X
1 credit for the reuse of 30% or more of existing sub-structure
and super-structure.
2 credits for the reuse of 60% or more of existing sub-structure
and super-structure.
1 additional BONUS credit for use of 90% or more of existing
sub-structure and super-structure.
Building Reuse
Building Reuse
Information and image source:
http://ps.hket.com/content/45422/%E8%A7%80%E5%A1%98%E5%B7%A5%E5%BB%88%20%E6%B4%BB%E5%8C%96%E5%AF%AB
%E5%AD%97%E6%A8%93%E5%BF%AB%E6%8B%9B%E7%A7%9F/ (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
Industrial Use to Office




MA 1 MA 1 X
Objective

Encourage increased use of modular and
standardised components in building design
in order to enhance buildability and to
reduce waste.


Modular and Standardised Design
Submission

Detailed drawings and specifications that
demonstrates and highlights the extents of
application of modular design of building
systems and components.

MA 2 X X
1 credit for demonstrating the application of modular and standardised design covering over 50% of the major elements and
modules of the building.
Facade elements:
External wall
Bay-window unit
Cladding unit
Utility platform
Architectural/Internal
building elements:
Internal partition/wall panels
Door sets
Staircases
Building services elements:
Fire services
Sanitary fittings
Luminaires
Air-Conditioning components
Structural elements:
Structural beams system
Concrete slab
Concrete flooring
Check List:
Modular and Standardised Design

Modular Design Elements
MA 2 X X
Information and image source: http://www.hartandcooley.com/products/rzmcdst/rezzin-modular-core-diffuser,
http://www.sabmagazine.com/blog/2011/05/24/modular-exterior-cladding-systems/ and http://www.homedesignfind.com/green/elegant-and-
economical-solar-cladding-from-germany/ (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
Doorsets

AC Units

Cladding Units

Standardised Design Elements
MA 2 X X
Standardisation is the use of
components, methods or
processes in which there is
regularity and repetition.

Efficiency is brought to the
construction industry through
standardised components.



Modular and Standardised Design

Information and image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bans_of_incandescent_light_bulbs and http://dir.indiamart.com/mumbai/ceiling-
interior-designer.html (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
Standardised Design Elements
MA 2 X X
Modular and Standardised Design

Objective

Encourage prefabrication building
elements in order to reduce wastage of
materials and quantities of on-site
waste.

Prefabrication
Submission

Contract specifications, drawings and other
supporting documents that the quantities
(by weight or volume) of those building
elements fabricated off-site are in
accordance with the Code of Practice for
Pre-cast Construction 2003.

MA 3 X X
1 credit when the manufacture of 20% of listed prefabricated
building elements has been off-site.
2 credits where the manufacture of 40% of listed prefabricated
building elements has been off-site.
- Facades
- Staircases
- Slabs
- Balcony/utility platform
- Parapet
- Partition walls
- Bridge-decks
- Footbridges

* Additional or alternative
elements may be included.
Elements shall be excluded:
Curtain wall/windows

Restriction:
The manufacturing factory shall be
located within 800 km of the site.
Building Reuse
MA 1 MA 1 X
Listed building elements (pre-cast concrete)

Prefabrication
Image source: http://www.housingauthority.gov.hk/en/about-us/publications-and-statistics/housing-dimensions/article/20120106/infocus.html
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)

Manufacturing/Transportation/Storage
In Hong Kong, Prefab construction is commonly used for
Public Housing
MA 3 X X
Climbing Formwork System for Core
Climbing formwork is a special type of formwork for
vertical concrete structures that rises with the
building process.

Formwork can be reused and it integrates
prefabrication construction techniques.

Image source: http://www.cityu.edu.hk/CIVCAL/production/advanced/jump_form.html and http://www.climbingformwork.com/photo/pl1008652-
zpm_100_oil_cyclinder_auto_climbing_formwork_system_for_dam_high_building_100_meters.jpg (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)

MA 3 X X
Prefabrication
Objective

Encourage the design of building
interior elements and building services
components that allow modifications
to space layout, and to reduce waste
during churning, refurbishment and
deconstruction.

Adaptability and Deconstruction
Submission

Report prepared by a suitably qualified
person presenting evidence as to how and
the extent to which building adaptability and
deconstruction is provided.

MA 4 MA 3 X
1 credit for designs providing spatial flexibility that can adapt
spaces for different uses, and allows for expansion to permit
additional spatial requirements to be accommodated.
1 credit for flexible design of services that can adapt to changes
of layout and use.
1 credit for designs providing flexibility through the choice of
building structural system that allows for change in future use,
and which is coordinated with interior planning modules.
Adaptability and Deconstruction
MA 4 X X
Requirement:
1 credit for designs providing spatial flexibility that can adapt spaces for different use, and allows for expansion to
permit additional spatial requirements to be accommodated.
1 credit for flexible design of services that can adapt to change of layout and use.
1 credit for designs providing flexibility through the choice of building structural system that allows for change in
future use, and which is coordinated with interior planning modules.
NB Ma 4 Adaptability and Deconstruction 3 credits
Objective:
Encourage the design of building interior elements and building services components that allow modifications to
space layout, and to reduce waste during churning, refurbishment and deconstruction.
Remarks:
At least, 50% for residential development and 70% for other building types, of the items listed in each corresponding
submission template should be achieved.
Sub-items shall be considered in the whole-building where applicable.
Exclusions: None.
Adaptability and Deconstruction
MA 4 X X
Adaptability and Deconstruction
MA 4 X X
Information and image source: MK Switch, http://www.ekeo.gov.hk/en/green_map/building/building_7.html (Last Viewed 3
rd
June 2014)
Flexible Cable Trunking Spatial Flexibility
Adaptability and Deconstruction
MA 4 X X
Consideration of design flexibility concepts to allow future fitting out in
residential, office and commercial buildings.


Removable partition Open plan Over design structure
for change in usage
In residential buildings
Yes 29 43% 24 35% 15 22%
No 39 57% 45 65% 54 78%
Total 68 100% 69 100% 69 100%
In office buildings
Yes 61 90% 67 96% 37 53%
No 7 10% 3 4% 33 47%
Total 68 100% 70 100% 70 100%
In commercial buildings
Yes 58 87% 59 88% 44 65%
No 9 13% 8 12% 24 35%
Total 67 100% 67 100% 68 100%

Design Flexibility
Objective

Encourage the wider use of rapidly
renewable materials in appropriate
applications.

Rapidly renewable materials must have a
harvest cycle of 10 years or less.


Rapidly Renewable Materials
Submission

Report prepared by a suitably qualified
person listing applications where
rapidly renewable materials have
been employed, and quantifying the
amount of materials employed, as a
percentage of all building materials.

MA 5 MA 4 X
1 credit for demonstrating 2.5% of all building materials/products
used in the project are rapidly renewable materials.
2 credits where 5% of all building materials/products used in the
project are rapidly renewable materials.
Rapidly Renewable Materials

Bamboo

Extremely rapid growth

Up to 0.6 metre growth per day without
need for fertilizers pesticides or much water

A bamboo grove can release around
35 percent more oxygen into the air than a
similar-sized stand of trees.

Information source: http://www.frogprint.com.au/about_us.html
Image source: http://freetopwallpaper.com/bamboo-wallpaper-hd-2/
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
Example of Rapidly Renewable Material

MA 5 MA 4 X
Objective

Encourage the use of timber from well-
managed forests.

Sustainable Forest Products
Submission

Report prepared by a suitably qualified
person quantifying the amount of forest
products used that are from sustainable
source / recycled timber, as a percentage of
all timber products used.

The unit may be mass / volume / dollar
value but shall be consistent throughout the
assessment of this credit.
MA 6 MA 5 X
1 credit for demonstrating at least 50% of all timber and
composite timber products used in the project are from
sustainable sources/recycled timber.
Sustainable Forest Products


Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)
American Forest and Paper Association (AFPA)

Images source: https://ic.fsc.org/ & http://www.afandpa.org/ (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)

MA 6 MA 5 X
Accredited by Recognized Organizations

Controlled Wood is the only materials from FSC that are acceptable as a timber
source.

5 categories of unacceptable timber source:
1. Illegally harvested wood
2. Wood harvested in violation of traditional and civil rights
3. Wood harvested in forests in which High Conservation Values are threatened
by management activities (HCVs are areas particularly worth of protection)
4. Wood harvested in forests being converted to plantations or non-forest use
5. Wood from forests in which genetically modified trees are planted

Source: https://ic.fsc.org/controlled-wood.40.htm (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)


MA 6 MA 5 X
Acceptable Timber Source

Sustainable Forest Products
Objective

Promote the use of recycled materials in
order to reduce the consumption of
virgin resources.

Recycled Material
Submission

Report prepared by a suitably qualified
person detailing the recycled materials
used (minerals, plastics, etc), their
quantities as compared to all materials. The
unit may be mass / volume / dollar value
but shall be consistent throughout the
assessment of this credit.


MA 7 X X
1 credit for use of recycled materials contributing to at least 10%
of all materials used in site exterior surfacing work, structures
and features.
1 credit where at least 10% of all building materials used for
facade and structural components are recycled materials.
1 credit where at least 10% of all building materials used for
interior nonstructural components are recycled materials.
Waste Recycling Facilities

Concrete and Rock
Only broken concrete and rock
pieces are suitable for recycling with
in Hong Kong.

Concrete and rock pieces can be
broken into Recycled Aggregates
and Granular Materials to form
recycled aggregate for construction
works.
Image source: http://www.cedd.gov.hk/eng/services/recycling/, Civil Engineering and Development Department
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
Examples of wastes to be recycled:

MA 7 MA P2 MA 1
Overbelt magnet

The over-belt electro magnetic
separator allows for efficient
separation and recovery of
ferrous metal material.

Steel
Glass Breaker Screen

The screen is a multi-deck that
utilises cast chromium elliptical to
break and separate glass at highly
efficient rates.

Glass
Source: y.i. & associates ltd.



The use of recycled materials can
reduce the consumption of virgin
resources.
MA 7 X X
Recycled Material
Examples of Recycled Material

Made from 100% recycled
Polyethylene Terephthalate
Polymer, it is translucent,
naturally insulated, and
durable

Used in The Hong Kong
Green Building Council
(HKGBC)Headquarters



Source: http://www.iqsdirectory.com/industry/recycling_equipment/ and www.yial.com.hk (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)





MA 7 X X
Recycled PET bottle

Recycled Material
PET Bottles Recycling Process
Source: https://www.mohawkflooring.com/flooring/carpet/everstrand.aspx/ (Last Viewed 6
th
June 2014)





MA 7 X X
Recycled Carpet

Recycled Material
MA 7 X X

Recycled glass beverage bottles are crushed and sieved to the size of fine aggregates to
replace natural aggregates in Eco-glass paving blocks.



Eco-glass Blocks

Recycled Material
Biomass Materials
It derives from living, or recently living organisms; both animal and vegetable derived
material.

It is carbon based and is composed of a mixture of organic molecules containing
hydrogen, usually including atoms of oxygen, often nitrogen and also small quantities of
other atoms, including alkali, alkaline earth and heavy metals.
Source: http://www.biomassenergycentre.org.uk/portal/page?_pageid=76,15049&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)






MA 7 X X
5 Basic Categories of Biomass Materials:

- Virgin wood, from forestry, arboricultural activities or from wood processing
- Energy crops, high yield crops grown specifically for energy applications
- Agricultural residues, residues from agriculture harvesting or processing
- Food waste, from food and drink manufacture, preparation, processing, and post
consumer waste
- Industrial waste and co-products from manufacturing and industrial processes.
Recycled Material
Objective

Reduce the release of
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and
hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) into
the atmosphere.
Ozone Depleting Substances
Submission

Full description and specifications of all
major thermal insulation and fire
retardant materials specified in roof
constructions, walls, chilled water pipes,
refrigerant pipes, ductwork, etc., advising
the presence or otherwise of ozone
depleting agents.

MA 8 MA 6 MA 10
1 credit for the use of refrigerants with a value less than or
equal to the threshold of the combined contribution to ozone
depletion and global warming potentials using the specified
equation.
1 credit for demonstrating a phased programme of refrigerant
replacement together with limitations on leakage. Buildings
using splitunits and/or window units.
1 credit for the use of products that avoids the use of ozone
depleting substances in their manufacture, composition or use.


The ozone depletion potential (ODP) of
a chemical compound is the relative amount
of degradation to the ozone layer it can
cause.

Global-warming potential (GWP) is a
relative measure of how much heat
a greenhouse gases traps in the
atmosphere.

Types of Ozone Gases
Chlorofluorocarbans (Refrigerators)
Halons (Fire Suppression)
Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (Air Conditioning)




MA 8 MA 6 MA 10
Source: http://www.southwestclimatechange.org/figures/greenhousegas_effect (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)









ODP and GWP
Ozone Depleting Substances
Objective

Encourage the use of materials
manufactured locally so as to reduce the
environmental impacts arising from
transportation.
Regionally Manufactured Materials
Submission

Report prepared by a suitably qualified
person listing the materials that satisfy
the requirements, and quantifying the
value of materials manufactured locally
in percentage of the total value of the
materials used.

The unit may be mass / volume / dollar
value but shall be consistent throughout the
assessment of this credit.
MA 9 X X
1 credit for the use of materials manufactured locally within
800km from the site, which contribute to at least 10% of all
building materials used in the project.
2 credits for the use of materials manufactured locally within
800km from the site, which contribute to at least 20% of all
building materials used in the project.
Regionally Manufactured Materials
For the green buildings rating
system of Hong Kong - BEAM
Plus, regionally manufactured
materials are the materials that
are manufactured within
800 km of the project space.


Image source: Ir C F Leung, CUHK SENV 2005 Beam Plus Overview, 09 November 2013









Requirement

MA 9 X X








Objective

Encourage best practices in the
management of waste, including sorting,
recycling and disposal of demolition
waste.
Demolition Waste Reduction
Submission

Documentation and photographic evidence
in form of a report by a suitably qualified
person quantifying the amount of
demolition waste recycled as a
percentage of total demolition waste.

The disposal of inert waste to public fill will
not be considered as an acceptable
strategy for fulfilling this requirement.

MA 10 X X
1 credit for demonstrating that at least 30% of demolition
waste is recycled.
2 credits for demonstration that at least 60% of demolition
waste is recycled.
Objective

Encourage best practices in the
management of waste, including sorting,
recycling and disposal of construction
waste.
Construction Waste Reduction
Submission

Documentation and photographic evidence
in form of a report by a suitably qualified
person quantifying the amount of
construction waste recycled as a
percentage of total demolition waste.

Excavated waste will not be considered as
part of the construction waste.

The disposal of inert waste to public fill will
not be considered as an acceptable
strategy for fulfilling this requirement.

MA 11 X X
1 credit for demonstrating that at least 30% of construction
waste is recycled.
2 credits for demonstration that at least 60% of construction
waste is recycled.

Definition from Environmental Protection
Department

"Construction waste" means any
substance, matter or thing which is
generated as a result of construction
work and abandoned whether or not it has
been processed or stockpiled before being
abandoned, but does not include any
sludge, screenings or matter removed in or
generated from any desludging, desilting or
dredging works.


Source: http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/misc/cdm/introduction.htm, Environmental Protection Department
Images source: (left) http://www.dsmaccrusher.com/production_line/construction-waste-crushing-plant.html
(right) http://www.whitcon.com/content/?page=Services (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)











Demolition / Construction Waste Reduction
MA 10 / MA 11 X X
What is Demolition / Construction Waste?

Demolition Waste
Construction Waste
Quantities of Solid Waste Disposal at Landfills
Information source:
http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/
environmentinhk/waste/data/stat_tr
eat.html, Environmental Protection
Department
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
MA 10 / MA 11 X X
Demolition / Construction Waste Reduction
Over 90% of construction waste are inert and are known as public fill.
Public fill includes debris, rubble, earth and concrete which is suitable for land
reclamation and site formation.
Information source:
http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/misc/cdm/introduction.htm, Environmental Protection Department (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
Public fill
Non-inert waste
The construction waste management
strategy of Environmental Protection
MA 10 / MA 11 X X
Management strategy of Environmental Protection
Demolition / Construction Waste Reduction

The Charging Scheme has come into operation on 1 December 2005.

Main contractor who undertakes construction work under a contract with value
of $1 million or above is required to open a billing account solely for the contract.

Application shall be made within 21 days after the contract is awarded.

Failing this will be an offence under the law.

Charging for disposal of construction waste has started on 20 January 2006 and
from this day, any person before using waste disposal facilities for disposal of
construction waste needs to open an account.
Information source:
http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/misc/cdm/management_intro.htm, Environmental Protection Department
MA 10 / MA 11 X X
Construction Waste Disposal Charging Scheme

Demolition / Construction Waste Reduction
Objective

Reduce pressure on landfill sites and help
to preserve non-renewable resources by
promoting recycling of waste and obsolete
materials.
Waste Management
Submission

Detailed waste management audit
has been undertaken of the prevailing
waste streams (see a) above) that
identifies the types of waste, and the
amounts of each type that are expected
regularly (from day to day use) and from
activities such as renovations, fit-out, etc.
X MA 7 X
1 credit for developing and implementing an environmentally
responsive waste management system.
1 credit where the waste management system demonstrates
reductions in waste disposal to landfills and increased recycling.
Objective

Reduce pressure on landfill sites and help
to preserve non-renewable resources by
promoting the recycling of waste
materials.
Minimum Waste Recycling Facilities
Submission

At least one storage facility with the
capacity for paper, plastic and metal
materials. The facility shall be placed in
prominent location.
X X MA P2
Prerequisite credit for providing storage facilities at prominent
location for the collection and recycling of paper, plastic and
metal waste.
Objective

Extend the life cycle of the existing wall,
doors, and glazing in the premises to
conserve resources, reduce waste,
and lower the environmental impact.
Interior Components Reuse
Submission

Schedule and quantify the existing and
reused elements, based on the total
surface area (sqm).
MA 2
1 credit for reusing at least 30% of prior condition walls, glazing,
doors, ceiling and flooring.
2 credits for reusing at least 50% of prior condition walls,
glazing, doors, ceiling and flooring.
3 credits for reusing at least 70% of prior condition walls,
glazing, doors, ceiling and flooring.
X X
Interior Components Reuse

The following items* shall be included under this assessment:
a.) Walls
b.) Glazing
c.) Ceilings
d.) Doors
e.) Flooring
f.) Existing wall coverings
* Only single side area shall be counted.

Any other elements which are not listed above are excluded under this assessment.

Exclusion

The boundary wall of the premises including the building envelope of the host
building, and the shared/party wall with the host building common area and
the shared/party wall with adjacent units are not included.
MA 2
Check-list

X X
Renovation project where existing glazing are kept.
( http://www.houzz.com/ideabooks/Before-and-Afters )
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)

MA 2
Retaining Existing Glazing

Interior Components Reuse
X X
Objective

Extend the life cycle of existing furniture and
partitions to conserve
resources, reduce waste and lower
environmental impact.
Furniture and Partitions
Submission

Quantify reused / salvaged furniture and
partitions, by Mass.

Note: In this Manual, partitions and walls
are defined separately.
MA 3
1 credit for at least 30% of the total furniture and partitions were
reused from salvaged furniture and partitions.
2 credits for at least 50% of the total furniture and partitions
were reused from salvaged furniture and partitions.
3 credits for at least 70% of the total furniture and partitions
were reused from salvaged furniture and partitions.
X X
Furniture and Partitions

The Applicant shall quantify reused / salvaged furniture and partitions, by
Mass.

Check-list
The following items shall be included under this assessment:
a.) Fixed Furniture
b.) Cabinets
c.) Chairs
d.) Partitions
e.) Desks

Any other elements which are not listed above are excluded under this
assessment.

Criteria

MA 3 X X
Kitchen renovation where existing cabinet units are kept and reused.
( http://www.houzz.com/ideabooks/Before-and-Afters )
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)


MA 3
Salvaged Cabinets
Furniture and Partitions
X X
Objective

Encourage to increase the use of
modular design elements for project in
order to enhance buildability and
reduce waste.
Modular Design Materials
Submission

Quantify the modular elements based
on total surface area. Only the newly
installed elements are included in this
assessment.
MA 4
1 credit for modular elements which contributed at least 50% of
the newly installed elements in the project.
X X
Modular Design Materials

The Applicant shall quantify the modular elements based on total surface
area.

Check-list
The following items shall be included for assessment:
a.) Partitions
b.) Walls
c.) Ceilings
d.) Doors
e.) Raised floor

Any other elements which are not listed above are excluded under this
assessment.
Criteria

MA 4 X X
MA 4
http://www.lcsworkplacefurnishings.com/page/modular_wall (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)

http://partitionupdate.blogspot.hk/2013/10/modular-partition-walls.html

Examples of modular design wall systems for interior spaces.
Wall Systems
Modular Design Materials
X X
Objective

Encourage forward planning, design, and
installation to permit easy dismantling,
separation and collection of the
construction elements.
Design for Disassembly
Submission

Quantify each element based on total
surface area (sqm) of only newly
installed elements for compliance.
MA 5
1 credit for easy to disassemble elements which contributed at
least 50% of the newly installed elements in the project.
X X

The Applicant shall quantify each element based on total surface area
(sqm) of only newly installed elements for compliance.

Check-list:

The following items shall be included for assessment:
a.) Walls
b.) Ceilings
c.) Doors
d.) Raised floor
e.) Supports and fixings

Any other elements not listed above shall be excluded from assessment.
MA 5
Criteria
Design for Disassembly
X X
Images source:
(left) http://lipidejournal.com/2011/02/how-to-add-rain-gutters-to-a-car-port-roof.html
(right) http://www.exhibitflooringsolutions.com/raised-flooring-for-trade-shows.shtml (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
Portable Raised Floor
- Portable raised floor for extra support and
stability on soft or uneven ground conditions
- Ideal for staging and equipment

Suspended Ceiling

MA 5
Examples of Disassembling Designs

Design for Disassembly
X X
Objective

Promote the use of environmentally friendly
materials, manufacturing processing, and
minimise impacts arising from material
transportation.
Sustainable Flooring Products
Submission

Quantify the flooring products, rapidly
renewable material, recycled materials,
sustainable timber, or a combination of
those prescribed materials, based on the
floor total surface area (sqm).
MA 6
a) Rapidly Renewable Materials / Recycled Materials / Sustainable Timber
1 credit for at least 50% of all newly installed flooring materials were made from either rapidly renewable materials, recycled
materials and sustainable timber, or combination of all three;
2 credits for demonstrating the 100% achievement;
b) Regionally Manufactured Materials
1 credit for flooring material manufactured locally (within 800km radius) from the project space, which has contributed at least
50% of the newly installed flooring materials.
c) Environmentally Manufactured Materials
1 credit for flooring materials from ALL manufacturers which implemented an EMS and contributed at least 50% of the newly
installed flooring materials.
X X
Sustainable Flooring Products

The Applicant shall quantify all flooring products based on the total surface area
(sqm) of floor.

Check-list
The following items shall be included under this assessment:
a.) Flooring b.) Supports
c.) Framing d.) Trimming
e.) Bracing f.) Skirting
g.) Levelling

Any other elements not listed above shall be excluded from this assessment.
MA 6
Criteria

X X







Source: (http://becgreen.ca/2011/01/polytrazzo-80-recycled-material-12-rapidly-renewable-material/, http://www.jetsongreen.com/2010/09/fossilized-bamboo-
floor-indestructible.html, http://www.corkfloor.com/index.html, http://www.howdens.com/flooring-collection/flooring-accessories/floor-profiles/profile-b-
38mm-laminate-to-carpet-or-linoleum/
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)

MA 6
Examples of Sustainable Flooring

Recycled-glass flooring, Polytrazzo Cork flooring
Bamboo flooring Linoleum Carpet
Sustainable Flooring Products
X X
Objective

Promote the use of environmentally friendly
materials, manufacturing processes, and
reduced impacts arising from
transportation.
Sustainable Ceiling Products
Submission

Quantify the ceiling products with the
content of either (or a combination) rapidly
renewable materials, recycled materials and
sustainable timber based on the total
surface area (sqm).
X MA 7
a) Rapidly Renewable Materials / Recycled Materials / SustainableTimber
1 credit for installing at least 50% of all newly installed ceiling materials using either rapidly renewable materials, recycled
materials, sustainable timber, or a combination of all three;
2 credits for demonstrating 100% achievement;
b) Regionally Manufactured Materials
1 credit for providing ceiling materials manufactured locally within 800km radius from the project space, which contributed at least
50% of the newly installed ceiling materials.
c) Environmentally Manufactured Materials
1 credit for provided ceiling materials from ALL manufacturers which implemented an EMS and contributed at least 50% of the
newly installed ceiling materials.
X
Sustainable Ceiling Products






Wood is a common rapidly renewable material and are often seen used as ceiling material in
commercial projects. Renewable wood Bioline ceiling tiles are light weight and provide
effective acoustic insulation.
(http://www.armstrong.com/commceilingsna/products/ceilings/wood/_/N-cZ1z141tm )
(http://www.acousticalsolutions.com/sonex-biolint-ceiling-tiles )
(Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)

X MA 7
Examples of Sustainable Ceilings

X
Objective

Promote the use of environmentally friendly
materials and manufacturing processes,
and reduced environmental impacts
arising from transportation.
Sustainable Wall and Door Products
Submission

Quantify the walls and doors with rapidly
renewable materials, recycled materials and
sustainable timber (or a combination) based
on the total surface area (sqm) of the walls
and doors.
X MA 8
a) Rapidly Renewable Materials / Recycled Materials / Sustainable Timber
1 credit for where at least 50% of all newly installed wall and door materials were made from either of rapidly renewable
materials, recycled materials, sustainable timber, or a combination of all three;
2 credits for demonstrating 100% achievement;
b) Regionally Manufactured Materials
1 credit for wall and door materials manufactured locally (within 800km radius) from the project space, which contributed at least
50% of the newly installed wall and door materials.
c) Environmentally Manufactured Materials
1 credit for wall and door materials from ALL manufacturers which implemented an EMS and contributed at least 50% of the
newly installed wall and door materials used in the project.
X
Sustainable Wall and Door Products
Kirei panel wall consist of a fibrous mix
of recycled plywood with bamboo.
Not only is it structurally strong, it can
also improve indoor air quality.

X MA 8
Source: http://buildipedia.com/aec-pros/construction-materials-and-methods/going-green-sustainable-finishes
http://www.ecobob.co.nz/EcoBusiness/1396/Dulux-Enviro2-Paints.aspx (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)

Low VOC paint has the benefit of
reduced air pollution and improvement
to the indoor air quality, plus tenants
can occupy newly furbished spaces
more quickly because of low odours.

Examples of Sustainable Products

X
Objective

Avoid the use of Poly Vinyl Chloride
(PVC) products.
Zero PVC
Submission

Proof of usage of alternative
products with no PVC content.
X MA 9
1 credit for using alternative products and materials with zero
PVC content for the project.
X
Zero PVC

The following items shall be included for assessment:
a. edge protection strip
b. cable conduit
c. electrical cables
d. furniture
e. chairs
f. phone cables
g. pipework
h. data cables

Exception

PVC materials within the project space that are provided by the host building or
is not installed by the Applicant shall be excluded from this assessment.
Checklist

X MA 9 X














.
(http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/campaigns/toxics/polyvinyl-chloride/pvc-free-solutions/ ) (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)



X MA 9
Alternative Plastics

Alternative plastics such as high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and ABS
(acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene) are becoming more and more commonly used as
alternative to PVC drainage pipes in constriction.
Zero PVC
X
Environmental Management System
What is an EMS?
EMS is a set of processes and practices that enable an
organization to reduce its environmental impacts and
increase its operating efficiency.
Framework that helps a company achieve its
environmental goals through consistent control of its
operations.
Each company's EMS is tailored to the company's
business and goals.

ISO 14001
As part of the worldwide federation of national standards
(ISO), ISO14001 family addresses environmental
management for companies.

Other Systems includes:
- ISO 19011
- Natural resource management

Information Source: www.epa.gov (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
















Supplementary Information
Supplementary Information: Materials
Pervious Materials:
Materials with a base
and sub-base that
allows the movement of
storm water through the
surface. It reduces run-
off and filters pollutants
in water (e.g. Clay
Brick)
Source: http://www.pinehallbrick.com/category/Permeable_Pavers, http://www.nicnas.gov.au/communications/publications/information-sheets/existing-
chemical-info-sheets/formaldehyde-in-pressed-wood-products-safety-factsheet, http://educationcenter.ppg.com/glasstopics/how_lowe_works.aspx,
http://www.wbdg.org/resources/bipv.php (Last Viewed 24
th
April 2014)
Low-Formaldehyde
Adhesive:

Low-Formaldehyde
reduces breathing
difficulty, irritation to the
nose and eyes, lowers
risk of cancers.
Low-E Glass have
been developed to
minimize the amount of
ultraviolet and infrared
light that can pass
through glass without
compromising the
amount of visible
light transmitted.
BIPV:

Stands for Building
Integration of
Photovoltaics. In
addition to absorbing
solar energy, PV
elements actually
become an integral part
of the building, often
serving as the exterior
weather skin.
Supplementary Information
Key Words
1 Construction Waste
2 Waste Minimization /
3 Waste Recycling /
4 Ozone Depletion /
5 Waste Management Plan
6 Prefabrication
7 Modular Design
8 Sustainable Timber
9 CFC
10 Structural Adaptability

Supplementary Information
T +852 3610 5700
F +852 3996 9108
www.beamsociety.org.hk
1/F Jockey Club Environmental Building,
77 Tat Chee Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong
771
93

For later questions, please email us:
ba.training@beamsociety.org.hk