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WRITING III

2
ND
CLASS : SEPTEMBER 7, 2014
Arif Nuryawan arifnury@yahoo.com
Universitas Terbuka ~ Korea Selatan
COURSE INTRODUCTION
Text book : Writing 3, Rahmat Budiman, Universitas Terbuka 2011
Tutorial module consists of 9 parts but will be cover in 8 classes.
Class 1 : Descriptive Paragraph
Class 2 : Personal Letters
Class 3 : Business Letters
Class 4 : Basic Essays
Class 5 : Narrative 1
Class 6 : Narrative 2 & Comparative
Class 7 : Cause and Effect
Class 8 : Argumentative
Tutorial method: Online (Justin TV or Ustream) and In class
Grading Components
Task 1, Task 2, and Task 3
Participation
Final Exam
Course material can be found at Portal UT Korea

MODULE 2 PERSONAL LETTERS
Focused on the skill you need to write personal letters

To help you practice writing those kinds of personal letters

Objectives of this unit:
Write personal letters;
Write communal letters;
Write personal notes.
Comm
unal
letters
Friends
Personal
notes
UNIT 1 PERSONAL LETTERS
WRITING: WRITING PERSONAL LETTERS
It should be fun
You write it because of your own desires
It is like a conversation, you write what you want to say to your friend
Write what you feel
Dont worry too much about style, grammar, or even punctuation or spelling-
as long as the letters intelligible
It is not a writing examination, so have fun with it
Model for personal letter : see page 2.2
GRAMMAR : PRESENT TENSE (AGREEMENT)
a. Defining Subject-Verb Agreement
Subject and verbs in present tense must agree in number, singular subject =>
verbs with singular endings, and same with plural subject.
He, she and it use an s or es ending on the verb.
b. Special Singular Constructions
Either (of) || neither (of) || each (of) || one (of) || every one(of)
c. Separation of Subject and Verb
A phrase or clause separates the subject from the verbs. Look for the subject,
then make sure that the verb agrees with the subject.
d. Agreement in Questions
The subject usually follows the verb.
Example : What is the secret of your success? => the subject secret takes the
singular verb is.
UNIT 2 COMMUNAL LETTERS
WRITING : WRITING COMMUNAL LETTERS
Normally sent by a person or family to a group of friends or realtives
Communal letters are personal letters
Usually describe news or recent events, but not contain private or sensitive
information
Only sent to close friend or family
The purpose of it is not just spreading news, but help create a sense of
belonging and community that is difficult to maintain the relationship among
families living in some different places
Model for Communal Letter: see page 2.13
1. Coordinating










The most common coordinating conjunctions are : and || but || for || or || so || yet
GRAMMAR : COORDINATION AND SUBORDINATION
Example :
a. The baby cried all night
b. The mother kept sleeping

The baby cried all night, but the mother kept sleeping.

2. Subordinating






Example :
Sam left the house after he had said goodbye to his family.
Although he didnt pass the exam, he looked very happy.

Note : if the subordinate clause begins the sentence, a comma follows it.
UNIT 3 PERSONAL NOTES
WRITING : WRITING PERSONAL NOTES
A note is also a kind of letter
Contain brief message or information about one important thing
Straight to the point on one side of a piece of paper
The purpose of a note are for offering help, explaining something etc
Adjectives describe or modify nouns or pronouns




Adverbs describe or modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs



Many adverbs are formed from adjectives by adding an ly ending, such as,
beautiful becomes beautifully , happy becomes happily
GRAMMAR : ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
EXERCISE
Activity 1 page 2.3
Activity 3 page 2.6
Activity 1 page 2.14
LANGUAGE IN USE : Joining sentences page 2.17
Activity 1 page 2.23
Activity 4 page 2.25