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PD 1095

A. RESIDENTIAL DWELLINGS
Dwellings
B. RESIDENTIAL, HOTELS &
APARTMENTS
Multiple Dwelling Unit: (10 )
Boarding/Lodging Houses
Hotels
Apartment Buildings
Row houses
Convents
Monasteries

C. EDUCATION & RECREATION
School/Day Care

D. INSTITUTIONAL
1. Mental Hospitals
Mental Sanitaria
Jails
Prisons
Reformatories
2. Nurseries(5 )
Hospitals
Sanitaria
Nursing Homes (Non
ambulatory)
3. Nursing Homes (Ambulatory)
Homes for Children

E. BUSINESS & MERCANTILE
1. Gasoline filling & service
Storage Garages
Boat Storage
2. Wholesale & Retail Stores
Office Buildings
Drinking & Divine
Establishments
Printing Plants
Police & Fire Stations
(Non-highly flammable or
combustible materials)
3. Aircraft Hangars
Open Parking Garages

F. INDUSTRIAL
Ice Plants
Power Plants
Pumping Plants
Cold Storage
Creameries
Factories & Workshops
(Incombustible & Non-explosive
Materials)
Storage & Sales Room
(Incombustible & Non-explosive
Materials)

G. STORAGE & HAZARDOUS
1. Storage/Handling of Hazardous
& Highly Flammable Material
2. Storage/Handling of Flammable
Dry Cleaning Plants
Paint Stores
3. Woodworking Establishment
Planing Mills
Box Factories
Shops & Factories
Warehouses
4. Repair Garages
5. Aircraft Repair Garages

H. ASSEMBLY
1. With stage, less 1000
2. Without stage, 300 more
3. Without stage, 300 less
4. Stadia, Reviewing stands,
Amusement park

I. ASSEMBLY
With stage, less 1000

J. ACCESSORY
1. Private Garages, Sheds,
Agricultural Bldgs
2. Fences Over 1.00 M, Tanks,
Tower
PD 1185

A. ASSEMBLY (Deliberation,
Worship, Entertainment, Trans)
50 - Commercial
100 - Non Commercial
Theaters
Assembly Halls
Auditorium
Exhibition Halls
Museums
Restaurants
Churches
Dance Halls
Club Rooms
Skating Rink
Gymnasium
Pool Rooms
Armories
Passenger Stations
Terminals
(Air, Surface, UG, Marine &
Public)
Recreation Piers
Court Rooms
Conferences Room
Mortuary Chapels

B. EDUCATIONAL (Instruction)
Schools (6 )
Universities
Academies
Nursery Schools
Kindergarten
Child Day Care Facilities

C. INSTITUTIONAL (Treatment, Care)
Health Care: Hospitals
Nursing Homes
Residential Custodial Care:
Nurseries
Homes for the Aged
Mental Retarded Care
Institutional Residential restrained
Care: Penal Institutions
Reformatories
Jails

D. RESIDENTIAL
Hotels
Motels
Dormitories
Orphanages
Pension Houses
Inns
Apartments
Lodging/Rooming House
1-2 Family Dwel

E. MERCANTILE
(For display/sale of Merchandise)
Stores
Markets
Supermarkets
Department Stores
Shopping Centers
Drugstores
Auction Rooms

F. BUSINESS
(Transaction of Business Keeping of
Accounts)
Office of the: Lawyers
Doctors
Dentists
General Offices
City/Town Halls
Court Houses
Libraries

G. INDUSTRIAL
Factories
Laboratories
Dry Cleaning Plants
Power Plants
Pumping Stations
Smoke Houses
Laundries
Creameries
Gas Plants
Refineries
Sawmill
Operations:
Processing
Assembling
Mixing
Packaging
Finishing
Decorating
Repairing

H. STORAGE
(Sheltering of goods, vemiolds,
animals)
Warehouses
Cold Storage
Freight Terminals
Truck Terminals
Marine Terminals
Bulk Oil Storage
Parking Garages
Hangars
Grain Elevators
Barns
Stables

I. MIXED OCCUPANCIES

J. MISCELLANEOUS













UAP

OWNER

A. PRE-DESIGN PHASE
- selection of prime professional
- selection of Consultants
- feasibility Study: Marketing
Financial

B. DESIGN PHASE
- approval of contract documents
- authentication of contract document

C. BIDDING/NEGOTIATION PHASE
- selection of construction manual
- selection of Gen. contractor
- selection of specialty trade con.
- selection of bids & awards comm..
- distribution of bid documents
- advertising
- awards of contracts

D. CONSTRUCTION PHASE
- selection of full-time inspectors
- secure Bldg permits & licenses
- payment of Bldg permits & Lic
- approval of PERJ CPM
- request for change orders
- approval of change orders
- progress payments: payment
(Quality Control)
- cost control: cash flow
purchasing of matls/
equip/services
- certificate of Final Payment:
Acceptance

E. POST CONSTRUCTION PHASE
- maintenance






ARCHITECT-PLANNER

A. PRE-DESIGN PHASE
- selection of consultants
- site selection & evaluation
- feasibility study: Technical
(drawings & specifications)
Programming & Scheduling
Budgetary Estimate
Topographic Survey
Environmental Impact Study
Applicable codes & Regulations,
Design Criteria
- clearances
- space & functional relationships

B. DESIGN PHASE
- preliminary design
- construction documents
- procurement specifications
- authentication of contract doc

C. BIDDING/NEGOTIATION PHASE
- selection of gen. contactor
- selection of specialty trade con
- preparation of bid document
- distribution of bid documents
- evaluation

D. CONSTRUCTION PHASE
- part tine inspection
- review of PERT CPM
- request for change orders
- issuance of change orders
- evaluation of change orders
- progress payments: Certificate of
final payment
- interpretation of drawings,
specifications & other contract
doc
- resolution of technical matters
relative to drawings,specification
& other contract documents

(OWNER cont)













(ARCHITECT-PLANNER cont)

- assist in solving construction
problems caused by unforeseen
contingencies & exigencies
- approval of shop drawings
Architectural Works & Finishes
* approval of samples of finishing
materials
- substantial completion: Inspection
- completion: Certificate of final
payment
- issuance of certificate

































UAP

DESIGN ENGINEERS

A. PRE-DESIGN PHASE
- selection of consultants
- site selection & evaluation
- feasibility study: Technical
(Drawings & Specification)
Budgetary Estimate
Programming & Scheduling
- Topographic Survey
- Soil investigation
- Design criteria, applicable codes &
regulations
- clearance: NHA
Building Official

B. DESIGN TEMPLATE
- preliminary design
- construction documents:
working drawings
specifications
- procurements specification
- authentication of contract
documents
(plans & specification)

C. BIDDING/NEGOTIATION PHASE
- selection of gen. contractor
- selection of specialty trade
contractor
- preparation of bid documents
- evaluation

D. CONSTRUCTION PHASE
- part time inspection
- review of PERT CPM
- request for change order
- issuance of change order
- evaluation of change orders
- progress payments:
Certificate of Payment
- interpretation of drawings,
specifications & other contract
documents
GENERAL CONTRACTOR

C. BIDDING/NEGOTIATION PHASE
- selection of specialty trade

D. CONSTRUCTION PHASE
- selection secure Bldg permits &
licenses
- payment of Bldg permit & Lic
* provision of temporary field
offices & utilities
- preparation of PERT CPM
- request for change orders
- evaluation of change orders
* progress payments: billing
* preparation of shop drawings
- quality control:
Testing & sampling of materials at
site or factory
- overall field coordination
- coordination of works of various
contractors & specialty trade
contractors
- adherence to approved sched:
equipment
labor
material deliveries
- safety measures:
preparation of requirements
implementation
- testing systems:
sanitary/plumbing
electrical
mechanical & other equipment
other luxury systems
- completion:
* preparation of request for final
inspection
* certification from govt agencies
* certificate of complete payment
of contractors labor, matl &
equip
* preparation of as-built drawings
* issuance of operating manuals
(DESIGN ENGINEERS cont..)

- resolution of conflict on tech.
matters relative to drawings,
specifications & other contract
documents
- assist in solving construction
problems caused by unforeseen
contingencies & exigencies
- approval of shop drawings
- quality control:
Inspection of structural,
mechanical, electrical, sanitary/
plumbing system
- cost control: value engineering
- safety measures:
Preparation of Requirements
- testing systems
- substantial completion: Inspection
- Completion: Certificate of
Final Payment: Verification of
Billing

(GENERAL CONTRACTOR cont..)

* main utility connection
* filing of report & guarantee bond

E. POST CONSTRUCTION PHASE
- issuance of maintenance guidelines
& operating instructions
- correction measures on deficiencies
- start up of plant equipment &
correction adjustment
final report



































CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISION

D. CONSTRUCTION PHASE
- full time inspection
- keeping of field records for the
owner
- evaluation of change orders
- progress payment:
verification of billing
- interpretation of drawings,
specifications
& other contract documents
- assist in solving construction
problems
caused by unforeseen
contingencies
& exigencies
- quality control
(except overall field coordination)
- cost control: cost records
- safety measures: inspection
- testing of systems
- substantial completion
- completion: Certificate of
Occupancy
* verification of as-built drawings
- certificate of final payment:
* verification of billing


















CONSTRUCTION MANAGER

B. DESIGN PHASE
- preliminary design:
prelim estimate
- procurement specification
- bill of materials
- cost estimates

C. BIDDING/NEGOTIATION PHASE
- selection of specialty trade con.
- distribution of bid documents
- advertising
- evaluation

D. CONSTRUCTION PHASE
- selection of full-time inspectors
- full time inspection
- secure Bldg. permits & license
- approval of PERT CPM
- keeping of field records for owner
- evaluation of change orders
- approval of change orders
- progress payments:
verification of billing
certificate of payment
- interpretation of drawings,
specifications & other contract
- assist in solving construction
problems caused by unforeseen
contingencies & exigencies
- quality control
- coordination of works of various
contractors & specialty trade contraction
- adherence to approved schedules:
equipment
labor
materials
- cost control
- safety measures:
preparation of requirements
inspection
- testing of system
- substantial completion
- completion: certificate of doc.

(CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISION
cont..)

































(CONSTRUCTION MANAGER
cont..)

- certificate of final payment:
verification of billing
issuance of certificate
acceptance4

E. POST CONSTRUCTION PHASE
- final report



































PD - PRESIDENTIAL DECREE
RA - REPUBLIC ACT
BP - BATASANG PAMBANSA
LOI - LETTER OF INSTRUCTION
CA - COMMONWEALTH ACT
CC - CIVIL CODE
PRC - PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY COMMISSION
PA - PROFESSIONAL ARCHT

ORGANIZATION
UAP - UNITED ARCHITECT OF THE PHILIPPINES
PIA - PHILIPPINE INSTITURE OF ARCHITECTS
APGA ASSOCIATION OF PHIL. GOVT ARCHITECT
PAASS PHIL ARCHT ASSOCIATION
LEA - LEAGUE OF FIL. ARCHITECT

DIFFERENT LAW TO DISCUSS
PD 1096 - NATIONAL BUILDING CODE
PD 1096 - CHAPTER 301 building permit
PD 1185 - FIRE CODE OF THE PHILS
PD 957 - CONDOMINIUM & SUPERVISION PROTECTION LAWS
PD 545 - ARCHITECT LAW
RA 544 - ENGINEERING LAW
BP 220 - HOUSING LAW (Economic and Socialized Housing)
CC ART. 1723 - ARCHITECT LIABILITIES FOR 15 YEARS
PD 1096 - ARCADES AND SIDEWALKS
PD 1096 - COMPUTATION OF PARKING SLOTS
PD 1096 - LIGHT & VENTILATION

UAP DOCUMENTS
UAP 200 - ARCHITECT CODE OF ETHICS
UAP 201 - PRE-DESIGN SERVICES
UAP 202 - DESIGN SERVICES
UAP 203 - SPECIALIZED ALLIED SERVICES
UAP 204 - CONSTRUCTION SERVICES
UAP 205 - POST CONSTRUCTION SERVICES
UAP 206 - COMPREHENSIVE SERVICES
UAP 207 - DESIGN & BUILDING SERVICES
UAP 208 - METHOD OF COMPENSATION SELECTION OF AN ARCHT

OTHER LAWS:
BP 344 - MOBILITY & ACCESSIBILITY FOR DISABLED PERSON
BP 3200 - DIFFERENT PROFESSION IN THE PHILS
BP 4304 - ARCHITECTURE AS PROFESSION IN THE WHOLE WORLE OVER


THE ASIAWORLD CITY

The Asiaworld City sits in the heart of the reclaimed portion of Manila Bay. Sprawling
on a reclaimed 172.5 hectare (1,725,299 square meters) land, this island development is bounded
by Seaside Channel on the North, the island Waterway and the Manila-Cavite Coastal Road on
the East, the Paraaque Channel on the South and the Manila Bay on the West.

The Asiaworld City has a direct access to the Coastal Road which links Manila to Cavite
and a right of way from Roxas Boulevard through Central Business Park II. The most distinctive
picturesque natural feature it offers is the Sunset at Manila Bay .

LOCATION

The island development called The Asiaworld City is in the Municipality of
Paraaque along the shores of Manila Bay, south of Manila at the southern of Roxas Boulevard.
On this prime reclaimed island, MPC has already developed and completely sold out a
residential subdivision named Marina East & South and Marina Bayhomes. Fronting scenic
Manila Bay. The Asiaworld City is strategically located due to its proximity to Metropolitan
Manilas urban centers. Just twenty minutes away from downtown Manila, fifteen minutes from
Makatis business center and an average of five minutes from either the domestic or international
airport.

The property is located along Manila Bay. Most notable among the reclaimed works in
Manila Bay is the sprawling Cultural Center Complex which includes the proposed central
business park located just a few kilometers north of the property. Further up north are the Luneta
Park, the American Embassy compound and the historic Manila Hotel.

Roxas Boulevard is the main thorough late in the area, lined with multi story office and
residential buildings and condominium, hotels and rows of tourist oriented night clubs and
restaurants.

RECLAMATION

The Asiaworld City is part of the reclaimed foreshore of Manila Bay, which was started
in 1977 and was finally completed by 1980. Filling materials for the subdivision were taken
from the original sea bed. Dredged filling ranged from about two to almost ten meters in total
thickness and is composed of highly heterogeneous pockets of materials ranging from coarse to
clayey sits with shell fragments in varying amounts.

The underlying soft natural sediments are marine clayey sits and highly plastic clays
which typically comprise the (geologically) recent alluvial deposits in the bay area. Alluvium
are found at depths of at least 10 meters, and is undertaken by very stiff or hard sit/clay strata or
weathered sedimentary rocks.

CONTAINMENT

The Asiaworld City is an island, connected to the main thoroughfare (Roxas Boulevard)
by bridge and to the R-1. Expressway by a cause way. It is fully contained by concrete piles and
panels along the northern, southern and eastern portions, and by rocks bulkhead installed for
protection against strong waves along the western section.

The concrete wall was constructed by driving pre-east concrete II-piles at equal distance,
inserting concrete panels to serve as the wall, and installing along the exterior of the wall Class
III rocks to balance the pressure exerted by the soil towards the wall. A concrete pile cap was
then installed on top of the II-piles and panels to connect the piles together to form one complete
wall.

In the western portion of the island, fronting the bay, a rockmound bulkhead was used.
Here, Class III rocks were installed to serve as the one with the bottom elevation reaching down
the original seabed. Class I rocks, weighing a minimum of 1.5 tons each, were then placed on
top of the core, sloping towards the bay as wave deflectors to reduce the intensity of wave action
upon hitting the rockmound.

SOIL FOUNDATION AND STABILIZATION

Manila has had a long history of reclamation works also along the bay area. Among the
notable reclaimed areas in Manila are potions of Roxas Boulevard and of Luneta, the American
Embassy grounds, and the Cultural Venter Complex. Experience in these areas prove that with
proper construction, long term stability of the ground is assured and high-rise structures can be
safely built after applying a suitable modern technique of ground improvement and/or using
bored pile foundations.

Contrary to speculations about the nature of reclaimed areas, the soil of The Asiaworld
City has an exceptional load bearing capacity and strength. More so because the reclamation of
the area began in 1977 or eleven years ago, allowing more than the six-year period required for
water displacement and soil consolidation.

Initial soil study was conducted by Soil Mechanics Ltd., a British firm. Said study was
then evaluated by Louk Kok & Partners from the Netherlands, consultants and world-renowned
soil consolidation experts.

AND USE PLAN

The Asiaworld City is planned as a self-contained community in keeping with the highly-
quality than design envisioned for the entire reclamation area. The intention is to enhance short-
and-long-run property values by providing convenience and privacy in a meticulously-planned,
balance and controlled community growth. Thus it is conceived as a prime residential
subdivision complete with a neighborhood Shopping Center, pocket Parks and Recreational area,
proposed Sports Center, Medical Center (Doa King PaoGuat), Exclusive School, 5-Star Hotel
(The Asiaworld Plaza Hotel), Shopping Mall & Theaters, Office buildings and Financial District,
proposed World Trade Center, Residential District, etc.

UTILITIES

Roadways

The subdivision has asphalted concrete roads conforming to the specifications of the
Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH). The main roads right of ways range from
20 to 30 meters while the interior roads right of ways range from 12 to 16 meters. The typical
width of planting strips and sidewalks on both sides of the roads are 1.5 meters and 1.2 meters
respectively.

Electricity and Street Lighting

Electricity is supplied by the Manila Electric Company (MERALCO) via an overhead
installation on concrete electric posts which is connected to a proposed subdivision situated
within the subdivision.

Water System

Pipes laid out in the subdivision are directly connected to the Metropolitan Waterworks
and directly connected to the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) main
line along Quirino Avenue.

Sewage Collection and Treatment System

MPC has a complete Sanitary System Sewage collection is done through main sewer
lines laid along the major roads. Series of lift stations are built at the strategic areas to facilitate
waste water flow. These lift stations are provided with by-pass lines to prevent service
disruption during power failure.

Drainage System

A proven and efficient drainage system to prevent flooding is in operation.











GOLDEN BAY CONDOMINIUMS PROJECT

The Golden Bay Condominiums Project is Divided into two namely, GB-1 and GB-2.
These Condominiums will be erected in 2 rows, parallel to each other. Golden Bay 1 comprises
The Cleveland Tower, Mc Kinley Tower, Wilson Tower, Giant Tower, Hoover Tower,
Roosevelt Tower, and Kennedy. Golden Bay 2, the other side comprises Washington Tower,
Adams Tower, Jefferson Tower, Madison Tower, Monroe Tower, Jackson Tower, and Lincoln.

At present, GB-1 A Cleveland Tower is 98% completed, and GB-2A Washington Tower
is nearing to its completion. These two (2) buildings have the same footprint of 2876 sq.m. The
tower itself of GB-1A is 1,585 sq.m., and 1,470 sq.m. for GB-2A.

FOUNDATION

The foundations of both towers are supported by concrete bored piles anchored on the
rock formation which is 45 meters below the existing ground level. These bored piles has the
capacity to carry vertical and earthquake loads of large magnitude. These buildings are designed
as an earthquake resistant building. The building used high compressive strength concrete and
high grade reinforcing steel bars for all columns, shearwalls, and beams, which are the
earthquake resisting members.

These buildings are both 30-storewy with 3-basement parkings, and a helipad. Cleveland
Tower has a 100 typical and 8 penthouse units. Washington has 108 typical and 4 penthouse
units. There are 4 units in each floor level. Our amenities includes, swimming pool for adult
and children, gymnasium, function room, childrens playroom, sauna, and spacious main lobby.

ELEVATORS

Both buildings have 3 passenger elevators, with a maximum capacity of 15 persons each,
and has a speed of 3.50 meters/second. For the service elevator, the maximum load is 1600 kgs,
and has a speed of 2.50 meters/second. Our elevators are Schindler brand.

WATER SUPPLY

For the water supply, we have an underground water reservoir located below the
basement-3 with a capacity of 60,ooo gallons for domestic consumption, 60,000 gallons for the
fire tank, and 30,000 gallons at deck roof. Our water supply comes from MWSS, tap to Quirino
Avenue main water pipe lines. The building is equipped with a fully automatic sprinkler system
and fire alarm system complete with smoke detectors.




ELECTRICAL

We have a stand-by generator with a capacity 750 kva, enough to operate the elevators,
pumps lighting on common areas, partial lighting and outlets in the units, except for aircon
units., We have provided matv, lighting arrester, video entry phone, paging system, telephone
lines and intercom. Also, provisions for satellite disc and sky cable. For the metering, we have
adapted the multi-metering system.

ARCHITECTURAL FINISH

We used PVC for all windows and curtain walls, manufactured by Nan Ya Plastics from
Taiwan. Glass and glazing of windows are all tempered designed to withstand wind load up to
100 psf.

We have also provided, and now completed the 2 million gallons water reservoir located
at Manila East to supply the condominiums requirement, with a 350 kva generator in case of
power failure.

For further technical inquiries, we shall attend to what later in our question and answer
panel.


























RECLAMATION

The entire Marina Complex is a 173-hectare, bounded on the eastern side by the seaside
channel, on southern side by Paraaque channel, and Manila Bay at the back portion. Upon the
completion of the proposed reclamation of the inland Channel located between Aguinaldo
Boulevard, formerly Coastal Road and the existing Marina Complex, the total area will be 184.3
hectare.

Marina property was reclaimed 20 years ago by CDCP. We acquired this property in the
last quarter of 1988. There then, we started the planning, and consequently, the construction
proper.

Marina Complex is divided into 3 segments, from Coastal Road to Luzon Avenue is the
commercial block with a total area of 34.3 hectares. Second, the housing area known as Marina
East and South from Luzon Avenue to Atlantic Avenue with a total area of 36 hectares, lastly,
the residential condominiums from Atlantic Avenue to Manila Bay with a total area of 64
hectares. Rest of remaining areas goes to the road network.














CLEVELAND TOWER

The Ground Floor:

The main lobby is located at the ground floor. Adopting contemporary constructional
methods, post modernism is conceptualized. Round modern columns with slight mutation were
provided to do away with visual dullness. The provision of a high ceiling did not only effect
roominess, but permitted natural ventilation as well.

Blending architecture with nature, such was so designed, that from the lobbys cozy
lounge, we can have a view of the spacious lanai fronting a waterfall emanating from the
landscaped gardens. Thus, adding coolness to the refreshing ambiance in a hornely atmosphere.
Completing the lobby are the hanging exotic chandeliers, elegantly crafted furnitures and finely
treated walls and ceiling.

The ground floor also houses the function room, swimming pools, play area, nursery,
gymnasium and separate saunas for men and women with adjoining bathrooms and toilets. To
the left of the main entrance is the reception area along with the offices, Mailboxes were also
provided. The provision of guard houses on this floor will maintain order and security inside the
building.

The Residential Units:

Rising from the 2
nd
floor is the typical one level, 3 bedroom (with den) unit floor,
containing four apartments, reaching up to the 28
th
floor.

Introduction to each of the units is a foyer. The main feature is the living-dining area.
Then the bedrooms along the perimeter of the building. The functional area like the kitchen and
laundry, including the maids room and toilet are so located not being obtrusive along the main
core.

The balcony is accessible to both the den and the living room, hence, the use of half glass
railing so as not to neglect its view from such areas.

The Penthouse:

At the 29
th
and 30
th
floor is the penthouse. A two-level units each which consist of
spacious living area, a dining room, a den, three bedrooms, and one masters bedroom, and of
course the functional area like the kitchen and utility room. The upper level is provided with a
cantilever stair hallway overlooking the foyer and living room below. It has a kitchenette
included and a small balcony adjacent to one of the three bedrooms on the upper level.




Table 1
DPWH Committed Road Projects

ROAD PROJECTS IMPLEMENTATION
Widening of Roxas Boulevard from 6 to 8 lanes 1995-1996
Construction of C-5 1995-1997
Upgrading / Widening of R-1 Expressway 1995-1996
Construction of Central Boulevard and Bay Boulevard
from C-3 to Marina
1996-1998
Construction of interchange at the intersection of R-1
and Seaside Drive
1997
Extension of Bay Boulevard and Central Boulevard to
C-5
1996-1999
Extension of C-2 Skyway into Boulevard 2000 2000-2001
In the course of the planning effort, the proposed R-1/Seaside Interchange was deemed
replaceable by designating other alternative routes to the airport, through R-1 then C-5 or
through either Central or Bay then Seaside Boulevard.

With these projects in consideration, passenger capacities at the intersections of the
access nodes, which would directly determine the daytime population that may
possibly go in and out of the area, were derived. These are shown in Table 2.

Table 2
Passenger Capacities Per Day to/from Boulevard 2000


ROAD SECTION
YEAR
2000 2010 2025
Pres. Quirino Avenue (C-2) 95,676 292,254 251,250
Sen. Gil Puyat Avenue (C-3/Buendia) 277,934 112,984 57,888
EDSA (C-4) 319,831 258,352 141,464
Seaside Drive 139,414 73,807
Circumferential Road #5 168,840 241,200 64,320
TOTAL 951,695 978,570 514,922

Assumptions: 1. Modal Split = 90% Private cars and 10% buses
2. Passenger occupancy figures are 3 per car and 40 per bus.
Note: Original computations showed LRT passenger capacities in addition to vehicle passenger
capacities. As the LRT would no longer be brought into Boulevard 2000, LRT contribution to
passenger capacities are no longer included.
Source: Department of Public Works and Highways.


PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE
Instructor: Architect Abelardo Firmeza

COURSE OUTILE:
A. Administering the regular services of architecture
1. Definition of the architects role in the building industry
2. Liabilities and responsibilities
3. Methods of selecting the architect
4. The architectural projects
5. The professional fees
6. Inter-professional relationships

B. The spectrum of the architects services
1. The pre-design services
2. The regular design services
3. Specialized allied services
4. Construction services
5. Post-construction services
6. Comprehensive architectural services
7. Design-build services

C. Building Laws
1. The laws regulating the practice of architecture
2. The laws affecting housing, real estate, design, general
construction, etc.
3. The general conditions of a contract





ARCHITECT
- legally and technically qualified to practice architecture.

Legally
1. 21 years old
2. Pass the board exam with an average of 70% and with no day
falling below 50%
Day 1 30% history of architecture
professional practice
building tech.
Day 2 30% utilities
structural
Day 3 40% architectural design
3. Registered
a. PRC renewable every 3 years during your birth month
b. BIR
RC residence certificate
PTR professional tax receipt
OR official receipt
c. SEC security exchange committee
d. LGU local government unit
e. DTI department of trade and industry
4. Filipino

Technically
1. Graduate of BS Architecture
2. 2 years diversified training experience








architect
1. Concept 5Ms
2. Document Resources in
-reports; pictures; Construction
graphics; draw 1. materials
3. Implement 2. money
4. Post Implementation 3. manpower
4. machines
5. minutes
The
Abstract
World
The
Physical
World
CODES OF ETHICS
1. General objectives
2. Ideals
3. Success
4. Remuneration
5. Interest of the clients
6. Professional prerogatives
7. Business venture
8. Behavior
9. Criticism
10. Creative endeavor

METHODS OF SELECTION OF ARCHITECT
1. Direct Selection
2. Indirect Selection
a. Referral from another architect
b. Recommendation from a satisfied client
c. Comparative Selection
3. Design Competition

CLASSIFICATION OF ARCHITECTURAL PROJECTS
1. NBC use and occupancy
(National Building Code)
2. FCP risk of the occurrence of fire
(Fire Code of the Philippines)
3. UAP degree of difficulty in design
(United Architects of the Philippines)

LIST OF ARCHITECTURAL PROJECTS
1. Simple projects
2. Moderate structures
3. Exceptional structures
4. Residential
5. Monumental structures
6. Repetitive construction
7. Housing projects
8. Extensive detailing
9. Alterations and renovations
10. Consultations and arbitration

Group 1. Simple Projects
- requires no interior partitions
a. Armories
b. Bakery
c. Hangar

Minimum basic fee: 6% of the cost
50M or less: 6%=A
50M to 100M: A+5%=B
100M to 200M: B+4%

example:
55M project
50M 3M
5M 0.25M
55M 3.25M

Group 2. Moderate Structures
- have interior partitions
a. Art galleries
b. City halls
c. Libraries
d. Supermarkets
e. Banks

Minimum basic fee: 7% of the cost

Group 3. Exceptional Structures
- with consultants
a. Atomic facilities (physicist)
b. Aquarium (marine biologist)
c. Mortuary
d. Medical facilities / hospital
(electrical engineer)

Minimum basic fee: 8%
Group 4. Residential
Minimum basic fee: 10%

Notes:
** Condominium
- Considered as high-rise residential building.
- According to FCP:
a. considered as exceptional
b. 15m above is considered a high-rise building that requires
consultants for:
- elevator
- sprinklers
- structural engineer

Dominant Use
- Basis for classification of groupings
- Example is Mix-Use building

Group 5. Monumental Structures
- it requires concept
a. expositions
b. mausoleums
c. museums
d. gateways
Minimum basic fee: 12%

Group 6. Repetitive Construction
- using one and the same plan without any minute difference
- used several times
- includes group 1,2,3,&5
1st unit : MBF of Grp. 1,2,3 or 5
2nd unit : 80% of MBF
3rd unit : 60% of MBF
4th

to infinity : 40% of MBF




Group 7. Housing Projects
- includes only houses
1st unit : MBF
2nd 10th unit : (60% of MBF x N) = B
11th infinity : B+(30% of MBF x N)

where: N = no. of units

Group 8. Extensive Detailing
- includes detailing of furniture, cabinets, landscapes and interior

Minimum basic fee: 15%

Group 9. Alterations and Renovations
- includes groups 1.2.3.4&5

Minimum basic fee: MBF + 50% of MBF
example:









Group 10. Consultation and Arbitration
- architect is entitled to receive payment on clients when giving an
opinion regarding architectural terms
- as of 1979: P200.00 per hour rate







METHODS OF COMPENSATION

1. Percentage of construction cost
- based on minimum basic fee
2. Multiple of Direct Personnel Expense (MDPE)
- none creative no-construction projects.
- ex. feasibility studies
Architect: NRTMf
Consultants: NRTMf
Staff: NRTMf
Professional Fee: Direct Cost + MP + RE

where:
T : time spend on the project
N : number of person
R : rate
Mf: multiplying factor (2.0-2.5)
RE: reimbursable expenses
MP: margin of profit
-not more than or equal
to 30%

- reimbursable expenses
a. mutual agreement
b. pertinent to the project
c. occur outside of the 100Km radius from the base of
operation or office

3. Lump Sum + Fixed Fee
- convert the cost to the nearest whole number
4. Professional Fee + Costs
5. Combination Method
- combination of 1,2,3&4
6. Per Diem
7. Turn Key
- payments received after all the works has been done


Note:
** 15 days receive payment after all the working drawings have
been submitted.

SCHEDULE OF PAYMENT

Contractor
1. downpayment: 20% - 50%
2. progressive payment: based on partial complition
3. guaranteed bond:
punch listing inspect the building upon completion
Specialized Allied Services
1. proposal phase: 5%
2. submission and acceptance
of preliminary drawings: 25%
3. submission and acceptance
of final drawings: 50%
4. retention fee: 20%
total 100%

Architect
1. proposal phase 5%
2. schematic design phase 15%
3. submittance of design
development phase 15%
4. contract document phase 50%
5. construction phase or
retention fee 15%
total 100%


Notes:
** To get the proposal phase of the architect

from the lot area, determine the buildable area
buildable area = lot area open spaces

** rule of thumb: 30% open area
ex. buildable area: 100sqm 30sqm
: 70sqm
: P20,000 x 70
: P1,400,000.00

AE (architectural/engineering fee): 10%
: 140,000.00

proposal phase of 5% = P7,000.00

THE SPECTRUM OF THE ARCHITECTS SERVICES

UAP Doc. 201
The pre-Design Services
- non-creative projects (MDPE)

Economic feasibility studies
Physical planning services
Architectural programming services
Site selection and analysis
Site utilization and land-use
Space management
Promotional services

UAP Doc. 202
Regular Design Services
- sequential process

Schematic design phase
-integrated regular engineering services
Design development phase
Contract document phase
General conditions
Agreement
Specifications
Special Provisions
Drawings
Construction phase
Milestones of Construction
1. Establishment of References
a. horizontal references
- lot plan, benchmark
b. vertical references
- positioning of elevations
staking plan positioning of wood as marks for the start of digging
and excavation.









2. Excavation
- supervised by the architect and the structural engineer
3. Reinforcements
- check size of bars, spacing, splicing and number of bars.

Support bars for installation of slab reinforcement: sapatos or
spacer




4. Concreting
5. Finishing








UAP Doc. 203
Specialized Allied Services
- requires consultants, having specified licenses

Physical planning services
Interior design
Landscape architecture
Acoustics, communications and electronics
Comprehensive planning services


Note:
Estimate
** structural: P50.00 P80.00 per sqm

A. Physical Planning Services

3 types:
1. Site Development Planning
- as of 1979: P5,000.00/has










2. Subdivision Planning in the Urban Area
- as of 1979: P3,000.00/has

Subdivision planning subdividing or parceling of large lots into
smaller lots.

3. Subdivision Planning in the Rural Area
- as of 1979: P2,000.00/has
civil works
- get paid 4% of the cost of the work
- additional 30% if the terrain is rugged
B. Interior Design
2 types:
1. Interior Decoration
- mainly furniture
2. Interior Design/Architecture
- combination or integration of furniture to its location
minimum basic fee:
- 12% - 20% of the cost of the work
- 15% is mostly used

C. Landscape Architecture
Minimum basic fee: 10% - 15%

D. Acoustics, Communications and Electronics
Minimum basic fee: 10% - 15%

E. Comprehensive Planning
1. Physical planning services
2. Economic planning services
3. Socio-cultural planning services
4. Transportation and utilities planning services
- roads and bridges
5. Legal and administrative
- includes form of government











UAP Doc. 204
Construction Services

F full-time supervision: 1% - 1-1/2%
- supervision of the architect on site or its representative
from 8am 5pm
Cm construction management:
1-1/2% - 3%
Pm project management:
2% - 5%








UAP Doc. 205
Post-Construction Services
- making the structure habitable and has occupancy permit

Be Bldg. and equipment maintenance
Bg Bldg. and grounds administration

PAYMENT SCHEMES
1. Salary method
2. 45 to 6% of the gross monthly rentals

UAP Doc. 206
Comprehensive Architectural Services
- inclusion of UAP Doc. 201 - 205
- package services





UAP Doc. 207
Design-Build Services
- guaranteed maximum cost 10%

a. Design-build administration
b. Design-build guaranteed maximum cost

Contractor
- holds the money
- purchase the materials
- payment for laborers

Builder
- compute the payroll
- submit computed payroll to the owner
- canvass and identify suppliers
- no responsibilities in holding the money

UAP Doc. 301: GENERAL CONDITIONS OF A CONTRACT

It establishes the relationship between: Owner-Architect, Owner-
Contractor(s), and Contractor-Architect. It stipulates the norms by
which the contractor shall perform his work in accordance with the
current trends in the practice of Architecture.

Section 1. Definition and Documents
Article 1. Definitions
Article 2. Execution, Correlation and Intent of
Document
Article 3. Drawings and Specifications
b. As-built
c. Detailed Drawings
d. Shop Drawings
e. Working Drawing
Notes:
Construction
** 6 to 8 - distances of nails
** Every 4 - distances of rivet at ridge roll for roofing
5 Sets of Blue Prints
1 office of the building official
1 contractor
1 owner
1 fire department
1 site:
Only the architect can use the copy at the site.
May cause termination of the contractor in case of
lost or mishandled.
Well-kept at the site.
Protected by electrical tape, binded by wood and
screw and supported by acetate cover.








Additional 4 copies of blue prints
1- homeowner association
1- security of homeowner association
ex: town house, condominium, subdivision, etc.
2 lending institution
a. file
b. appraiser

** 9 copies are free of charge and the succeeding copies are
payable.
Conflicts on drawings and specifications or text
specifications or text will prevail
if not stated on drawings and specification,
the contractor has the right to do it in the most expensive
manner, still the materials have to be approved by the
architect.


Section 2
1. Laws
2. Regulations
3. Site Conditions
- the architect should do ocular inspection of the site
4. Permits
- responsibility of the contractor to provide permit on his
own expense
5. Taxes
- whoever gains pays tax
6. Insurance
a. life insurance
b. property insurance
7. Survey
- actual verification of size of the lots at the cost of the
owner
- re-survey when problem occur but at his own expense

Section 3. Equipment and Materials
o Equipments written on quotation submitted by the
contractor must comply with actual usage.
o Materials should follow what is written on
specifications.

Section 4. Premises and Temporary Facilities
o Define by property line
o Consideration of safety of adjacent lots and users.
Temporary Facilities
1. warehouse
2. bankhouse or barracks
- for stay-in workers
3. office
- for architects negotiations
4. utilities
- water, electrical sources, etc.
5. access
- road, pathways, etc.
6. trial usage
7. enclosures
8. signage
- falling debris
- park at your own risk

Section 5. Protection of Work and Property

Section 6
1. Labor
a. Quantity: no. of worker, lesser the worker when
construction is almost finish
b. Quality: proper work designation such as painter,
carpenter, steel man, etc.
2. Work
- based on specifications and plans

duration include liquidated damages which means
delayed construction to be deducted to the fee.
a. working days Monday to Friday
b. calendar days number of days including Saturday,
Sunday and holidays
3. Payment
- no payment shall be made without the approval of the
architect.
Notes:
** duration starts counting 7 days after the acceptance of NTP
notice to proceed.
** within 7 days: mobilization and materials were prepared.
** immediately means 5 days
** s-curve allowable deficiency is 10%

Contractor
1. Certificate of completion (partial)
2. Request for Inspection
3. Billing
4. Certificate of Non-Financial






When accepted
- the architect furnish certificates to the owner:
1. Certificate of acceptance
2. Certificate of payment







Notes:
** the contractor may not be paid till 90 days before he go to
court.
** substantial completion (98%): the contractor may e paid
100%

Section 7. Contractor-Separate;
Contractors-Subcontractors relations

Section 8. Suspension of Work
People who can suspend work: owner and contractor
1. Owner
a. Bankruptcy declared by BIR
b. Insubordination not following orders
c. Non payment
2. Contractor
a. Government stoppage of work
b. Non action of request
- drawings
- materials
- inspection
c. Non payment of workers or materials

Notes:
Involving numbers
** 5 days means immediately
** 7 days NTP notice to proceed
** 10 days request for materials and drawings
notice (stop, begin or resume)
** 15 days money matters (request for inspection, payments,
salary and wages)
** 30 days arbitration
** 90 days government stoppage
** 120 days Building Permit (stoppage)
** 365 days Building Permit (without construction)
3 consecutive board examination failures
guaranteed bond
reinstatement
** 3 years renewal of license
** 15 years liability of architect to his project

BUILDING LAWS

Practice of Architecture
1. RA 545 The Architectural Law
2. PD 49 Intellectual Property Law
3. PD 223 The Law that created the PRC
** Hon. Antonieta Fortuna-Ibe (head)
4. LOI 1000 The letter of Inspection Mandating Government
support only to the A.P.O.
5. EO 164 The Executive order regulating the hiring of foreign
consultants
Article 1. Organization
Article 2. Registration and Exam
** Qualifications
a. 21 years old
b. Filipino
c. Graduate of BS Architecture
d. 2 years diversified experience
e. High-School Graduate

Article 3. Sundry Provision
a. Foreigners cannot practice if there is no reciprocity
b. Corporation cannot practice architecture
c. Architect whos employed by the government cannot
practice architecture privately

Termination of License
1. Fraudulent Acts
2. Scandalous Acts
3. Criminal Acts
a. Life
b. Property
4. Unsound mind
5. Violation of Code of Ethics

Note:
Designers
** ADB Building Skidmore, Owings and Merrill (SOM)
** Bureau of Soil Japanese architect
** Lung Center and Health Center George Ramos
** World Trade Center Minoro Yamasaki
** Only the architect may sign the Architectural Plans

LAWS THAT AFFECTS HOUSING, GEN. CONSTRUCTION,
DESIGN, REAL ESTATE, ETC.

1. PD 1096 The National Building Code
2. PD 957 The Condominium and Subdivision Buyers Protective
Law
3. BP 220 The Socialized Housing Law
4. BP 344 The Law Enhancing the Mobility of the Disabled (The
Accessibility Law)
5. PD 1185 The Fire Code of the Philippines





Notes:
** former president Ferdinand Marcos signed most of these laws
** Architect Roberto Pentong Gaite architect to juries
** Building Permit issued to buildings having a cost of
P15,000.00 of indigenous materials
** Hon. Florante Soriquez secretary of DPWH

PRIORITY CHAPTERS TO STUDY

NBC:
1. Chapter 1 General Provision
2. Chapter 2 Adm. and Enforcement
3. Chapter 3 Permits and Inspection
4. Chapter 7- Classification and Use
5. Chapter 8 Light and Ventilation
6. Chapter 12 Gen. Design and Construction

OTHER INFO
Apprentice Designer Draftsman
- signed by Filipino architect
- current and valid ITR
- under minimum of 6 months work with architect
- maximum of four architects to sign the logbook
- 3840 hours
- while studying, 4 hours a day may count
- 8 hours a day when working
- overtime, Saturday and Sundays are not included
- submission of logbook is 30 days before the board exam
PROF. PRACT. 4

FIVE METHODS OF COMPENSATION
1. % OF CONSTRUCTION COST.
2. MULTIPLE OF DIRECT PERSONNAL EXPENSES
3. PROFESSIONAL FEE + EXPENSES
4. LUMP SUM OR FIXED FEE
5. PER DIEM + REIMBURSIBLE EXPENSE

PROJECT CLASSIFICATION
GROUP 1 = Simplest, min. fin, structural, etc. (50 million & less =6 percent)
Armories, Bakeries, Freight, Parking, Market, Warehouse



GROUP 2 = Moderate complexity, (50 million & less =7 percent)
Banks, City Halls, School, Mall, Motel, Apartment, Office Bldg



GROUP 3 = Exceptional char., large amount Structural, etc. (50 million & less =8 percent)
Atomic Fac., Airport, Gym, Lab., Hotels. Hospital, Breweries,



GROUP 4 = Residence (Single Det & Duplex) (10 % of Proj. Const. Cost)



GROUP 5 = Monumental Bldg. (12 % of Proj Const. Cost)
Expo, Mausoleum, Museums


GROUP 6 = Repetitive Const. of Bldgs
1
st
Structure = Min. Basic fee 3
rd
Structure = 60 % of Basic F
2
nd
Structure = 80 % of Basic F Succeding = 40 % of Basic F



GROUP 7 = Housing Projects (Several Res. Units on a Single Site)
1
st
Unit = 10 % of Proj. Const. Cost as BASIC FEE
2

- 10 Units = 1 unit + 60% of 1
st
Unit (Basic F)
11 & above = 10 units + 30% of 1
st
Unit (Basic F)



GROUP 8 = Interior & Landscaping Design (Extensive detailing)
Min Basic fee = 15% of Project Const Cost



GROUP 9 = for Alterations & Additions of Existing Bldgs
50% of the total of 150% of the Basic Fee


GROUP 10 = Consultation and Arbitrations









Architects Services & Compensations

UAP DOC 201 PRE DESIGN SERVICES
- Compensated on the basis of MULIPLE OF DIRECT PERSONNEL EXPENSE 2 - 2.5
- Compensated for every technical hour
- Progress Payment

UAP DOC 202 DESIGN SERVICES
Upon Signing of Agreement = 5%
Upon Completion of Schemes (not >15 days) = 15%
Upon completion of Design Devt. = 35%
Upon Completion of Contract Documents = 85%
After Awarding of contracts = 85%
Balance = upon completion of Const Work

UAP DOC 203 SPECIALIZED ALLIED SERVICES
Payment Schedule:
1. Upon Submission of preliminary design = 30 % of the fee
2. Upon Submission of Final design = 50%
3. Upon completion of he project = 20%

INTERIOR DESIGN SERVICES
Architects fee = 15% but it can be range 12% -20% Consultants Fee = 5 %

ACOUSTICS, ECE SERVICES LANDSCAPE DESIGN SERVICES
Architects fee = 10% - 15% Consultants Fee = 5 %

PHYSICAL PLANNING
TYPE 1 = 50 HEC or less = 5,000 / hec TYPE 3 = 100 HEC or less = 2,000 / hec.
TYPE 2 = 100 HEC or less = 3.000 / hec *the above stipulated rate is for moderately flat land
If the land is rugged w/ steep terrain the fee shall inc.
30 %
Environmental Planner Concerned w/ the management & use of lands/conservation
Fees = Physical Planning Prof. Fess +expenses


UAP DOC 204 CONSTRUCTION SERVICES
Quality Control of Work, Evaluation & Const. Work, Keeping of Records, Reports & Contracts Doc.,

Architects as FULL TIME SUPERVISOR = 1% - 1 % of Const Cost
Architects as CONSTRUCTION MANAGER = 1 % - 3 % of Const Cost
-coordination & supervision, cost & time control, quality control of work.


UAP DOC 205 POST - CONSTRUCTION SERVICES
Bldg & Equipment Maintenance, Bldg & Ground Admin., Post Construction Evaluation

Compensation = Salary Basis (fixed monthly/daily)
or Management fee ( 4 % - 6 % gross rentals)


UAP DOC 206 COMPREHENSIVE ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES
Scope: Pre- Design to Post Construction Services

Project Manager = (2 % - 5 % of Estimated Project Cost)
-Coordinates the whole range of Comprehensive arch.





Work Suspended or Abandoned
The remaining 15% of his work to be paid
by owner is:

10% - Arch. Liability under the civil code
5% - construction Services


UAP DOC 207 DESIGN- BUILD SERVICES
Architects is liable of both design & Construction
TYPES:
1. Design- Build Services by Administration = 7% + Architects fee on Regular D Services

2. Design Build Services on a Guaranteed Maximum Cost = 10% + Architects fee on RDS

3. Design Build Service on Lump Sum Contract


UAP DOC 208 SELECTION OF ARCHITECTS

UAP DOC 209 COMPETITION CODE

UAP DOC 301 GENERAL CONDITIONS

UAP DOC 307 PRACTICAL SPECIFICATIONS WRITING

UAP DOC 200 CODE OF ETHICAL CONDUCT


PP UAP DOC. 211 (RA 545, PD 223, LOI 1000) Prof. Regulatory Laws Governing the
Practice of Architecture
RA 545 an act to regulate the practice of architecture in the Philippines.

PD 223 Creating the professional regulation commission and prescribing its powers & functions.

LOI 1000 Letter of Instruction

PD 1096 National Building Code.

BP 344 an act to enhance he mobility of
disabled person.

PD 1185 Fire Code of the Philippines

RA 386 Civil Codes of the Philippines
(Contracts and Obligations)

PD 957 Subdivision Law

BP 220 Zoning Regulations

PD 856 Sanitation Code of the Philippines