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The Great War 01/08/2007 08:05:00

Three phases of 20th century world history


• 1914 – 1945
o 2 world wars
o depression
• post 1945
o the cold war
o de-colonization
o new social mobility
• post 1989
o collapse of the soviet union
o emergence of the U.S. as a super power
Imperialism and the Great War
• the great war (1914)
o larger armies, more devastating machines
o first industrialized war
o global war, in conduct and results
• Austria-Hungarian, Ottoman, Russian, British, Japanese, French
Empires
o A LOT of empires involved in the war
British Empire and the Great War (1914)
• Troops and Supplies
o When King George stated that he was at war meant the whole
empire was at world, including Canada.
o Dominion troops volunteered at the beginning of the war
o In 1916 they no longer volunteered in as many numbers
o Conscription (1916)
 A draft-like initiative for the war
o Laborers and carriers
 Took blacks and natives not only for soldiers but as
laborers as well
• Imperial Theaters
o Many West Africans died in South Germany
o main theater was against the ottoman empire
 Gallipoli
 ANZAC
• Australia new Zealand army corp.
 450,00 French and British troops land here
 150,000 soldiers killed
 over a year before they left without any succeed
 They trained in Egypt and then shipped to
Gallipoli
 Anzac legend
 When Australian and new Zealand soldiers spilled
their blood the countries are no longer children.
 They are now at equal with the other great
nations of the war and be treated with respect
• Implications for Empires
Versailles Peace Conference
 three major power either destroyed or distracted with
internal developments
 Germany was not allowed to come in to the Conference
 they take the lands of the defeated and split it among
themselves (like the African rush)
o Balfour Declaration of 1917
o Mandates
 they were not seen as colonies, but rather as mandates
 the league of nation supposedly had the final say over
the mandates
o The British Empire was largest after WWI than any other time
 however, there are problems among their colonies
 1916 the Irish start a rebellion since the British are busy
with the war
 it became clear that Ireland was reaching a crisis
 India helped so much that they expected to gain their
freedom after the war
 The British are saying that the nations of the Ottoman
Empire that they are sovereign, yet, their own colonies
were not
 The dominions themselves became more nationalistic
 Canadian, and Australians felt more as a country
than a colony
• The beginning of the end?
o the British are no longer the most powerful, they had rivals
o the stirrings of decolonization
o the second world war is the definite end of the British empire
01/08/2007 08:05:00
01/08/2007 08:05:00