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Arithmetic Progressions
Name ..............................
Date ..............................
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1) Which term of the arithmetic progression 10, 16, 22, 28 is 190?
2) A sequence of numbers that are in arithmetic progression starts with 3 and ends with 204.
What is the sum of the 19th term from the beginning of the sequence and the 19th term from
the end of the sequence?
3) What is the sum of all two-digit odd positive numbers?
4) What is the middle term of the arithmetic progression 6, 17, 28,...,446?
5) Which term will be the first negative term in the arithmetic progression 133, 125, 117,...?
Choose correct answer(s) from given choice
6)
Which is the 14
th
term from the end of the arithmetic progression 7, 24, 41,...,704?
a. 483 b. 466
c. 517 d. 500
7) How many terms of the arithmetic progression 8, 22, 36, 50 have to be added to get the sum
14220?
a. 44 b. 48
c. 45 d. 46
8) The sum of the first three terms of an AP is 165, and the sum of the next three terms is 309.
What is the value of the 10th term?
a. 183 b. 167
c. 231 d. 151
9)
In an arithmetic progression, the value of the 18th element is
1
20
, and the value of 20th
element is
1
18
. What is the value of 360th element?
a. -3 b. -2
c. 3 d. 1
10)
What is the difference between the 35
th
element and 15
th
element in the arithmetic
progression 10, 1, -8, -17?
a. -171 b. -198
c. -162 d. -180
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1) 31
Step 1
From given arithmetic progressions, we can infer that difference between consecutive terms is 6 and
first term is 10
Step 2
Lets assume 190 is n
th
term. Therefore,
T
n
= T
1
+ (n - 1 ) d
190 = 10 + (n - 1 ) (6)
n - 1 = (190 - 10)/(6)
n - 1 = 30
n = 30 + 1 = 31
2) 207
3) 2475
Step 1
We know that smallest two digit odd number is 11, and greatest two digit number is 99
Step 2
Since difference between consecutive odd numbers is 2, these numbers form an arithmetic progression
with first term = 11, last term = 99 and difference = 2
Step 3
If there are total N terms in series, N
th
term is given by
T
N
= T
1
+ (N-1)d
99 = 11 + (N-1)(2)
2(N - 1) = 99 - 11
2(N - 1) = 88
N - 1 = 88/2
N = 44 + 1
N = 45
Step 4
Now sum of arithmetic progression can be found using standard formula,
S
N
= (N/2)[T
1
+ (N-1)d] S
N
= (N/2)[2T
1
+ (N-1)d]
S
N
= (45/2)[211 + (45-1)(2)]
S
N
= (45/2)[22 + 88]
S
N
= (45/2)[110]
S
N
= 45 55
S
N
= 2475
4) 226
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Step 1
If n
th
term is the middle term, there will be 2n+1 terms in the series
Step 2
The difference between n
th
term and first term will be same as the difference between last terms and
n
th
term
Step 3
So if n
th
term is x, first term will be x - and last term will be x +
Step 4
We can see that x is middle point (or average) of first and last term. i.e.,
x = [( x - ) + (x + ) ]/2
x = [ 6 + 446 ]/2
x = 226
5) 18
th
term (-3)
Step 1
If d is the difference between consecutive terms, n
th
term is
T
n
= T
1
+ (n-1)d
Step 2
Now we need to find the least value of n, for which T
n
is negative
T
n
< 0
T
1
+ (n-1)d < 0
133 + (n-1)(-8) < 0
(n-1) > 133/8
(n-1) > 16.63
n > 16.63+1
n > 17.63
Step 3
Therefore n should be 18, and 18
th
term will be the first negative term.
6) a. 483
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Step 1
Given arithmetic progression is 7, 24, 41,...,704
Step 2
If we reverse order of arithmetic progression, the resultant series is also an arithmetic progression.
Therefore 704, ..., 41, 24, 7 is also an arithmetic progression with difference d = 17
Step 3
The n
th
term if arithmetic progression is,
T
n
= T
1
+ (n - 1)d
Step 4
Therefore 14
th
term of reverse arithmetic progression will be,
T
14
= 704 + (14 - 1)(17)
T
14
= 704 + (221)
T
14
= 483
7) c. 45
8) a. 183
9) d. 1
10) d. -180
Step 1
If you inspect this series, you will find that difference between consecutive terms is -9
Step 2
First term of the series is 10, therefore n
th
term of this arithmetic progression will be,
T
n
= T
1
+ (n-1) d
Step 3
Therefore difference between n
th
and m
th
term will be,
T
n
- T
m
= [T
1
+ (n-1) d] - [[T
1
+ (m-1) d]]
T
n
- T
m
= (n-m) d]
T
35
- T
15
= (35-15)(-9)
T
35
- T
15
= -180