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NOT MEASUREMENT

SENSI TI VE
I
P41L- A- 8625F
10 September 1993
SUPERSEDI NG
hl I L- A- 8625E
25Aprl l 1988
MI LI TARY SPECI FI CATI ON
A?KM) I CCOATI NGS FOR ALUMI NUM AND ALUMI NUM ALLOYS -
Thi s spectf l cati on 4s approved f or use by al l Departments
and Agenci es of the Department of Def ense.
1. SCOPE
1. 1 Scope. Thi s speci f i cati on covers the requi rements f or si x types and
two cl asses of el ectrol yti cal l y f ormed anodl c coati ngs on al umi numand
al uml numal l oys f or non- archi tectural appl i cati ons ( see 6. 1) . ~
1. 2 Cl assi f i cati on. The anodi c coati ng Types and Cl asses covered by thi s
specl f l catl on are as speci f i ed herei n ( see 6. 2 and 6. 21) :
1. 2. 1 Types
Type 1 -
Type l B -
Type I C -
Type 11 -
Type 118 -
Type 111 -
1. 2. 2 Cl asses.
Chromi c acf d anodl zl ng, conventi onal coat! ngs produced f rom
chromi c aci d bath ( see 3. 4. 1)
Chromi c aci d anodl zl ng, I owvol tage process, 22 ~2V,
( see 3. 4. 1)
Hon- chromi c aci d anodtzl ng, f or use as a non- chromate
al ternati ve f or Type I and I B coati ngs ( see 3. 4. 1 and 6. 1. 2)
Sul f url c acf d anodl ztng, conventi onal coati ngs produced f rom
sul f urf c aci d bath ( see 3. 4. 2)
Thi n sul f url c aci d anodl zl ng, f or use as a non- chromate
al ternati ve f or Type I and I B coati ngs ( see 3. 4. 2 and 6. 1. 2)
Hard Anodl c Coati ngs ( see 3. 4. 3)
Class 1 - Non- dyed ( see 3. 5. )
Cl ass 2 - Oyed ( see 3. 6. )
Benef l cl al comments ( recommendati ons, addl ttons, del etl ons) and any
perti nent data whi ch may be of use tn i mprovi ng thi s document shoul d be
addressed to: ( hmnandl ng Of f i cer, Naval Al r Warf are Center Ai rcraf t
Oi vtsl on Lakehurst, Code SR3, Lakehurst, NJ 08733- 5100, by usi ng the
sel f - addressed Standardi zati on Oocument I mprovement Proposal ( 00 Form 1426)
appeari ng at the end of thi s document or by l etter.
AMSC NI A AREA MFFP
OI I STRI BUTI ONSTATEMENT A: Approved f or publ i c rel ease; di stri buti on i s unl i mi ted.
MI L- A- 8625F
2. APPLI CABLE DOCUMENTS
2. 1 Government documents.
2. 1. 1 Speci f i cati ons and standards. The f ol l owi ng speci f i cati ons and
standards f orma part of thi s document to the extent speci f i ed herei n.
Unl ess
otherwi se speci f i ed, the i ssues of these documents are those l i sted i n the
i ssue of the Department of Def ense I ndex of Speci f i cati ons and Standards
( DODI SS) and suppl ement thereto, ci ted i n the sol i ci tati on.
SPECI FI CATI ONS
MI LI TARY
MI L- P- 23377 - Pri mer Coati ng, Epoxy- Pol yami de, Chemi cal and Sol vent
Resi stant
MI L- C- 81706 - Chemi cal Conversi on Materi al s f or Coati ng Al umi num and
Al umi numAl l oys
MI L- P- 85582 - Pri mer Coati ngs: Epoxy, Waterborne
FEDERAL
QQ- A- 250/ 4 - Al umi numAl l oy 2024, Pl ate and Sheet
STANDARDS
FEDERAL
FED- STD- 141 - Pai nt, Varni sh, Lacquer, and Rel ated Materi al s: Methods
For Sampl i ng and Testi ng
FED- STD- 151 - Metal s; Test Methods
MI LI TARY
MI L- STD- 105 - Sampl i ng Procedures and Tabl es For I nspecti on By Attri bute
( Unl ess otherwi se i ndi cated, copi es of f ederal and mi l i tary speci f i cati ons and
standards are avai l abl e f romDODSSP- Customer Servi ce, Standardi zati on Documents
Order Desk, 700 Robbi ns Avenue, Bui l di ng 40, Phi l adel phi a, PA 19111- 5094. )
2. 2 Non- Government publ i cati ons. The f ol l owi nq documents f orma part of
thi s document to the extent speci f i ed herei n.
i ssues of the documents whi ch are DOD adopted
the 00DI SS ci ted i n the sol i ci tati on. Unl ess
of documents not l i sted i n the DODISS are the
the sol i ci tati on ( see 6. 2) .
AMERI CAN SOCI ETY FOR
ASTMB 117 -
ANSI / ASTM B 137 -
ASTMB 244 -
ASTMD 822 -
TESTI NG AND MATERI ALS
Unl ~ss otherwi se speci f i ed, the
are those l i sted i n the i ssue of
otherwi se speci f i ed, the i ssues
i ssues of the documents ci ted i n
( ASTM)
Method of Sal t Spray ( Fog) Testi ng
Wei ght of Coati ng on Anodi cal l y Coated Al umi num,
Measurement of
Thi ckness of Anodi c Coati ngs on Al umi num and of Other
Nonconducti ve Coati ngs on Nonmagneti c Basi s Metal s
wi th Eddy Current I nstruments, Measurement of
Li ght and Water Exposure Apparatus ( Carbon- Arc Type)
f or Testi ng Pai nt, Varni sh, Lacquer and Rel ated
Products, Standard Practi ce f or Operati ng
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MI L- A- 8625F
AST14D 2244 - Col or Di f f erences of Opaque Matertal s, I nstrumental
Eval uati on of
ASTMG 23 - Standard Practi ce f or Operati ng Li ght Exposure Apparatus
( Carbon- Arc Type) Ml th and Hl thout 14ater f or Exposure of
Non- metal l i c Mater4al s
ASTMG 26 - Operattng Ltght- Exposure Apparatus ( Xenon- Arc Type) Wi th
and 141thout Mater f or Exposure of Non- metal l l c matertal s
( Appl i cati on f or copi es shoul d be addressed to the Amertcan Soc~ety f or
Testi ng and Materi al s, 1916 Race Street, Phl l adel ph~a, PA 19103. ) .
2. 3 Order of precedence. I n the eventof a conf l ~ct between the text of
thi s document and the ref erences ci ted herei n, the text of thf s document takes
precedence. Nothi ng I n thf s document, however, supersedes appl i cabl e l aws and
regul ati ons unl ess a speci f i c exempti on has been obtai ned.
3. REQUI REMENTS
3.1 Materi al s. The materi al s used shal l be such as to produce coati ngs
whi ch meet the requi rements of thi s speci f i cati on.
3. 1. 1 6ase metal . The base metal shal l be f ree f romsurf ace def ects,
caused by machi ni ng, cutti ng, scratchi ng, pol i shi ng, buf f i ng, rougheni ng,
bendi ng, stretchi ng, def ormi ng, rol l i ng, sandbl asti ng, vaporbl asti ng, etchi ng,
heat treatment condi ti on, al l oy chemtstry ! mbal ance and i ncl usi ons, that wi l l
cause coated test panel s or parts to f al l anyof the requi rements of thi s
speci f i cati on. The base metal shall be subjected to cl eani ng, etchi ng,
anodtztng and seal i ng procedures as necessary to yi el d coati ngs meeti ng al l
requi rements of thi s speci f i cati on.
3.2 Equi pment and processes. The equi pment and processes empl oyed shal l
be such as to r) roducecoati nqs whf ch ti eet the requi rements of thi s
speci f i cati on. Unl ess other~i se speci f i ed tn th~ contract, purchase order or
appl i cabl e drawi ng ( see 6. 2) , process operati ng condi ti ons shal l be at the
opti on of the suppl i er.
3. 3 General .
3. 3. 1 Anodi zi ng of parts and assembl es.
3. 3. 1. 1 Anodi zl nq of parts. Unl ess otherwtse specl f l ed i n the contract,
purchase order or aml i cabl e drawi ng ( see 6. 2) , parts shal l be anodi zed af ter
al l heat treatment, - &ch?nl ngm wel d~ng, f orrnl ngand perf orati ng have been
compl eted.
3. 3. 1. 2 Anodl zi nq of assembl l es. Unl ess otherwi se speci f i ed i n the
contract, purchase order or appl i cabl e dra~l ng, anodi c coati ngs shal l not be
appl ted to assembl es whi ch wI ?l entrap the el ectrol yte I n j oi nts or recesses
( components shal l be anodi zed separatel y pri or to assembl y) . When anodi zi ng
of assembl i es ts authori zed by the contract, purchase order or appl i cabl e
drawi ng, the processi ng method used shal l not resul t i n subsequent damage to
the assembl y f rom el ectrol yte entrapment ( Type I or 1A coati ngs shal l be used
unl ess another coati ng Type I s spec~f l ed) . Assembl es whi ch contai n
non- al umi numparts such as steel , brass or organi c substances, whi ch woul d be
attacked by pretreatment or anodi z~ng sol uti ons or woul d prevent uni f orm
f ormati on of the anodic coati ng, shal l not be anodi zed as assembl i es, unl ess
the non- al umi num surf aces are masked or el ectri cal l y i nsul ated I n a manner
whi ch produces anodi c coati ngs meeti ng the requi rements of thi s speci f i cati on.
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MI L- A- 8625F
3. 3. 1. 2 Anodi zi ng of compl ex shapes. When anod~zl ng compl ex shapes whi ch
wi l l entrap the el ectrol yte i n recesses, the processi ng method used shal l not
resul t i n subsequent damage to the part f romel ectrol yte entrapment ( Type I or
I A coati ngs shal l be used unl ess another coati ng Type i s speci f i ed) .
3. 3. 2 Handl i ng and cl eani nq. Parts shal l be so handl ed duri ng al l
pretreatment, anodi zi ng and post treatments that mechani cal damage or
contami nati on wi l l be avoi ded. Parts shal l be f ree of al l f orei gn substances,
oxi des and soi l s, such as greases, oi l , pai nt and wel di ng f l ux. Parts shal l
have oxi de and other i nterf eri ng f i l ms removed by the use of proper cl eani ng
procedures so as to be cl ean and have water break f ree surf aces. Abrasi ves
contai ni ng i ron, such as steel wool , i ron oxi de rouge and steel wi re, whi ch
may become embedded i n the metal and accel erate corrosi on of al umi num and
al umi numal l oys, are prohi bi ted as a means of mechani cal cl eani ng, pri or to
anodi zi ng. I f speci al cl eani ng requi rements are requi red they shal l be
speci f i ed i n the contract or purchase order ( see 6. 2) .
3. 3. 3 Ref l ecti ve surf aces. When speci f i ed i n the contractor purchase
order ( see 6. 2) , parts f abri cated to produce a hi ghl y ref l ecti ve surf ace shal l
be chemi cal l y or el ectrochemi cal l y bri ghtened, pri or to anodi c coati ng ( see
6. 9) .
3. 3. 4 Touch UP ( mechani cal damage and contact marks) . Unl ess otherwi se
speci f i ed ( see 6. 2) , mechani cal l y damaged areas f rom whi ch the anodi c coati ng
has been removed wi thout damage to the part may be touched up usi ng chemi cal
conversi on materi al s approved on QPL- 81706 f or Cl ass 1A coati ngs and the
appl i cabl e method of appl i cati on. Touch up shal l appl y onl y to i nadvertent
mechani cal damage such as scratch marks. For Type I I I coati ngs, touch UP
shal l onl y be al l owed i n areas whi ch wi l l not be subj ected to abrasi on ( see
6. 1. 1) . The mechani cal l y damaged area( s) shal l not exceed 5 percentof the
total anodi zed area of the i temor touch up shal l not be permi tted. When
speci f i ed i n the contract or purchase order ( see 6. 2) , contact marks shal l be
touched up usi ng the above method requi red f or mechani cal damage.
3. 4 Coati ngs. Conventi onal anodi c coati ngs as speci f i ed i n the contract,
purchase order or appl i cabl e drawi ngs ( see 6. 2) , shal l be prepared by any
process or operati on to produce the speci f i ed coati ng on al umi num and al umi num
al l oys.
3. 4. 1 Type I, IB, and I C coati nqs. Type I and IB coati ngs shal l be the
resul t of treati ng al umi num and al umi num al l oys el ectrol yti cal l y i n a bath
contai ni ng chromi c aci d to produce a uni f orm anodi c coati ng on the metal
surf ace. Type I C coati ngs shal l be the resul t of treati ng al umi num and
al umi numal l oys el ectrol yti cal l y i n a bath contai ni ng mi neral or mi xed
mi neral / organi c aci ds ( non- chromi c aci d) to produce a uni f ormanodi c coati ng
on the metal surf ace. Unl ess otherwi se speci f i ed i nthe contract, purchase
order or appl i cabl e drawi ng, Type I coati ngs shal l not be appl i ed to al umi num
al l oys wi th a nomi nal copper content i n excess of 5. 0 percent; nomi nal si l i con
contents i n excess of 7. 0 percent; or when the total al l owabl e contents of
nomi nal al l oyi ng el ements exceed 7. 5 percent. Heat treatabl e al l oys whi ch are
to recei ve a Type I, IB, or I C coati ng shal l be i n the requi red temper
obtai ned by heat treatment, such as - T4, - T6, or T73, pri or to anodi zi ng.
3. 4. 1. 1 Type IC coatings. Type I C coati ngs provi de a non- chromate
al ternati ve to Type I and I B coati ngs. Unl ess approved by the procuri ng
acti vi ty, substi tuti on of a Type I C coati ng where Type I or I B i s speci f i ed
shal l be prohi bi ted.
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MI L- A- 8625F
3. 4. 2 Type II and 116 coatl nqs. Type I I and 116 coati ngs shal l be the
resul t of treati ng al umi numand a, l um! numal l oys el ectrol yti cal l y i n a bath
contai ni ng sul f uri c aci d to produce a uni f orm- anodl c coati ng on- the metal
surf ace. Heat treatabl e al l oys shal l be i n the requi red temper obtai ned by
heat treatment, such as - T4, - T 6, or T73, pri or toanodi zl ng.
3. 4. 2. 1 Type I I B coati ngs. Type 116 coati ngs provi de a non- chromate
al ternati ve to Type I and 18 coati ngs. Unl ess approved by the procuri ng
acti vf ty, substi tuti on of a Type 118 coati ng where Type I or 18 i s speci f i ed
shal l be prohi bi ted.
3. 4. 3 Type 111 coatl nqs. Type III coatings shal l be the resul t of
treati ng al umi rtumand al umi numal l oys el ectrol yti cal l y to produce a uni f orm
anodi c coati ng on the metal surf ace. Type III coati ngs shal l be prepared by
any process operati on to produce a heavy dense coati ng of specf f i ed thi ckness
on aluminum alloys (see 3. 7. 2. 1) . Unl ess otherwi se specl f l ed I n the contract,
purchase order or appl i cabl e drawi ng, Type 111 coatings shal l not be appl i ed
to al umtnumal l oys wi th a nomi nal copper content tn excess of 5 percent or a
nomf nal si l i con content I n excess of 8. 0 percent. Al l oys wi th a nomf nal
si l i con content hi gher than 8. 0 percent may be anodi zed subj ect to approval of
the procuri ng acti vi ty. Heat treatabl e al l oys shal l be i n a temper obtai ned
by heat treatment, such as - T4, - T6, or T73, prl orto anodi zi ng.
3. 5 Cl ass 1. i 4hencl ass 1 i s spectf l ed i n the contract or purchase order,
( see 6. 2) , the anodi c coati ng shal l not be dyed or pi gmented. Any natural
col orati on resul ti ng f romanod~c treatment wi th the vari ous al l oy composi ti ons
shal l not be consi dered col orati on. The characteri sti c col or I mparted by the
seal i ng process shal l al so be consi dered as non- dyed.
3.6 Class 2. bthencl ass2 I I Sspecl f l ed i n the contract or purchase order
( see 6. 2) , the anodi c coati ng shal l be uni f orml y dyed or pi gmented by exposure
to a sol utl onof a sui tabl e type dye orstal n. The col or on wrought al l oys
shal l be uni f orm. Cast al l oys may exhf bi t dye bl eed- out or l ackof col or ( or
col or uni f ormi ty) associ ated wi th the I nherent porosi ty of the casti ng. The
dyes and ptgments used shal l not be damagi ng to the anodf c coati ngs.
3. 6. 1 Dye col or. i i hendyed or pl qntentedcoattngs are requi red, the col or
and col or uni f ormi ty requi rements shal l be as speci f i ed on the contract,
purchase order or appl i cabl e drawi ng {see 6. 2) .
3. 6. 1. 1 Castl nq al l oys. Dyed casttng al l oys may shows sl i ght l ack of
col or uni f ormi ty. The degree of non- uni f ormi ty that 4s acceptabl e shal l be
establ i shed by the procurtng actl v~ty ( see 6. 2) .
3. 7 Detai l requi rements.
3.7.1 Types I, 16, IC, 11, and IIB coati ngs.
3. 7. 1. 1 hi ef qht of coattnq. Pr! or to dyei ng or sea14ng, Type 1, 1%, I C,
11, and IIE coati ngs shal l meet the coati ng wei ght requi rements of Tabl e I
when tested i n accordance wi th 4. 5. 2 ( see 6. 10. 6) .
MI L- A- 8625F
TABLE I . Types I, IB, IC, 11, and I I B unseal ed anodi c coati ng wei ghts.
Coati ng Type Coati ng Hei ght ( mg/ f t2)
I
I and I B 200 mi ni mum
I C 1/ 200 mi ni mum- 700 maxi mum
II 1000 mi ni mum
I I B 200 mi ni mum- 1000 maxi mum
j - Coati ng wei ghts over 700 mg/ f t2 may be used i f speci f i ed.
i n the contract or purchase order ( see 6. 1. 2 and 6. 2) .
3. 7. 1. 2 Corrosi on resi stance. Af ter exposure to the sal t spray test
s~ecl f i ed i n 4. 5. 3, speci mens shal l be vi sual l y exami ned to determi ne that al l
of the f ol l owi ng cond- i tl onsare met:
a. Test speci mens shal l show no more than a total of 15 i sol ated pi ts
( see 6. 19) , none l arger than 0. 031 i nch i n di ameter, I n a total of 150
square i nches of test area grouped f romf i ve or more test pi eces. Areas
wi thi n 0. 062 i nch f rom i denti f i cati on marki ngs, edges and el ectrode contact
marks remai ni ng af ter processi ng shal l be excl uded.
b. Test speci mens shal l show no more than 5 i sol ated pi ts, none l arger
than 0. 031 i nch i n di ameter, i n a total of 30 square i nches f romone or
more test pi eces. Areas wi thi n 0. 062 i nch f rom i denti f i cati on marki ngs,
edges and el ectrode contact marks remai ni ng af ter processi ng shal l be
excl uded.
c. I n addi ti on to the requi rements i n ( a) and ( b) above, Type I and I B
test speci mens shal l not exhi bi t patchy dark gray areas ( spots, streaks,
or marks) .
3. 7. 1. 3 Li ght f astness resi stance. Cl ass 2, dyed anodi c coati ngs, shal l
show no more f adi ng or di scol orati on than woul d be equi val ent to a Del ta ( E)
val ue of 3 when subj ected to the l i ght f astness resi stance test ( see 4. 5. 4) ,
unl ess otherwi se speci f i ed i n the contract or purchase order ( see 6. 2) . Li ght
f astness resi stance shal l be determi ned onl y when speci f i ed i n the contract,
purchase order or appl i cabl e drawi ng ( see 6. 2) .
3. 7. 1. 4 Pai nt adhesi on. When tested i n accordance wi th 4. 5. 6, no
i ntercoat separati on shal l occur between the pai nt systemand the anodi c
coati ng or between the anodi c coati ng and the base metal . Pai nt adhesion
shall be determi ned onl y when speci f i ed i n the contract, purchase order or
appl i cabl e drawi ng ( see 6. 2) .
3. 7. 2 Type 111 coatings.
3.7.2.1 Thi ckness of coati ng. Unl ess otherwi se speci f i ed I n the contract,
purchase order, or appl i cabl e drawi ng ( see 6. 2) , the nomi nal thi ckness of the
coati ng shal l be 0. 002 i nch ( 2 roi l s) ( see 6. 16, 6. 17 and 6. 10 through 6. 10. 5) .
Unl ess otherwi se speci f i ed, the thi ckness of the coati ng shal l not vary by
more than * 20 percent f or coati ngs up to 0.002 i nches thi ck ( 2 roi l s) when
tested i n accordance wi th 4. 5. 1. Coati ngs over 0. 002 i nches ( 2 roi l s) shal l
not vary by more than * 0. 0004 i nches ( 0. 4 roi l s) I n thi ckness. A typi cal Type
III coating thi ckness range I s shown i n Tabl e IV.
NI L- A- 8625F
3. 7. 2. 1. 1 14etght of coatl nq. The coati ng wei ght may be determi ned tn I l eu
of the coati ng thi ckness ( see 3. 7. 2. 1) . at the opti on of the procuri ng
acti vi ty. Unseal ed Type 111 coati ngs shal l have a ml nf mwncoatl ng wei ght of
4320 ml l l tgrams per square f oot f or every 0. 001 I nch of coati ng when tested i n
accordance wi th 4. 5. 2 ( see 6. 2) .
3.7.2.2 Abrasi on resi stance. #/ hentested I n accordance wi th 4. 5. 5,
unseal ed Type 111 coati ngs shal l provi de a hard abrasi on resi stant f i ni sh as
speci f i ed herei n ( see 6. 17) . The anodi c coati ng shal l have a maxi mum wear
f ndex of 3. 5 mg/ 1000 cycl es on al ui mtnumal l oys havi ng a copper content, of 2
percentor hi gher ( see 6. 13) . The wear tndex for al l other al l oys shal l not
exceed 1. 5 mg/ 1000 cycl es.
3. 8. 1 Types 1. IB, IC, II, and 118. Al l Types I , 16, I C, 11, and 115
anodtc coati ngs shal l be compl etel y seal ed, unl ess otherwi se speci f i ed i n the
contract, purchase order or appl i cabl e drawtng ( see 6. 2) . They shal l be
seal ed ~n accordance wtth 3. 8. 1. 1 or 3. 8. 1. 2 as appl i cabl e. If wetti ng agents
are used they shal l be of the non- toni c type.
3. 8. 1. 1 Cl ass 1. When cl ass 1 I s speci f i ed, seal i ng shal l be
accompl i shed by I mmersi on i n a seal i ng medi um such as a 5 percent aqueous
sol uti on of sodi umor potassi um dtchromate ( PH 5. 0 to 6. 0) f or 15 mi nutes at
9f . ) Cto100C ( 194F to 212F) , I n boi l l ng dei oni zed water, cobal t or tal ckel
acetate, or other sui tabl e chemi cal sol uttons ( see 6. 15) .
3. 8. 1. 2 Cl ass 2. Nhen cl ass 2 i s speci f i ed, seal i ng shal l be accompl i shed
af ter dyei ng by i mmersi on I n a seal tng medi um, such as a hot aqueous sol uti on
contai ni ng 0. 5 percent ni ckel or cobal t acetate ( pH 5. 5 to 5. 8) , boi l i ng
dei oni zed water, dupl ex seal tng wi th hot aqueous sol utl ori s of ntcl cel acetate
and sodl wn dl chromate ( see 6. 11) , or other sui tabl e chemi cal sol uti ons.
3. 8. 2 Type 111. Type 111 coatings shal l not be seal ed where the mai n
f uncti on of app?l catl on i s to obtai n the maxi mumdegree of abrasi on or wear
resi stance. Where Type 111 coati ngs are used f or extertor non- mai ntai ned
appl i cati ons requl rl ng corrosi on resi stance but perml tttng reduced abrasi on
resi stance, the contract or purchase order shal l speci f y that seal i ng i s
requf red. Seal l ng f or such Type 111 coati ngs shal l be accompl i shed by
Imnerston tn a medium, such as bol l f ng del ontzed water, I n a hot aqueous 5
percent sodi umci i chromatesol utl on, ~n a hot aqueous sol utf on contai ni ng
n! ckel or cobal t acetate or other sui tabl e chemi cal sol utl or?s ( see 6. 2) . kl hen
Type III coati ngs are provi ded unseal ed, parts shal l be thoroughl y ri nsed i n
col d, cl ean water and dri ed af ter artodl zi ng.
3. 9 l l l mensl onsof coated arti cl es. Arti cl es or parts shal l compl y wi th
the dl menstonal requi rements of the appl i cabl e drawi ngs af ter appl i cati on of
the anodi c coati ng ( see 6. 10. 1) . ( For i nterf erence i n cl ose f i ts of parts or
assembl i es see 6. 10. 5) .
3.10 Toxi ci ty. The coati ngs and el ectri cal / chemi cal processes used to
devel op these anodl c coattngs shal l have no adverse ef f ect on the heal thof
personnel when used f or thei r i ntended purposes. Questi ons perti nent to thi s
ef f ect shal l be ref erred by the contracti ng actl vf ty to the appropri ate
departmental medi cal servi ce who wi l l act as an advi sor to the contracti ng
agency.
MI L- A- 8625F
3. 11 Pal ntl nq/ coatl nq. Pai nti ng/ coati ng operati ons shal l be perf ormed as
soon as practi cal af ter the anodi zi ng process on cl ean coati ngs. If parts
requi re storage pri or to pai nti ng/ coati ng, they shal l be stored i n a manner
that wi l l avoi d contami nati on. I f the parts become contami nated, they shal l
be cl eaned i n a manner that wi l l not be detri mental to the anodi c coati ng or
the base metal ( see 6.3).
3. 12 Dyei ng or col ori ng. Anodi c coati ngs shal l not be al l owed to dry
bef ore dyei ng or col ori ng. I tems to be dyed or col ored shoul d be pref erabl y
coated by the Type 11 anodi zi ng treatment ( see 6. 12) . Dyed or. col ored
coati ngs shal l not be al l owed to remai n i n ri nse waters f or more than 5
mi nutes bef ore seal i ng.
3. 13 Workmanshi p. Except f or touch up areas i n accordance wi th 3. 3. 4 and
as noted bel ow, the appl i ed anodi c coati ng shal l be conti nuous, smooth,
adherent, uni f ormi n appearance, f ree f rompowdery areas, l oose f i l ms, breaks,
scratches and other def ects whi ch wi l l reduce the servi ceabi l i ty of anodi zed
parts or assembl i es. Di f f erences i n anodi c coati ng appearance resul ti ng f rom
i nherent base metal di f f erences i n a component such as the presence of wel ds,
components contai ni ng cast and machi ned surf aces, and di f f erences i n grai n
si ze wi thi n a f orgi ng shal l not be cause to rej ect the anodi c coati ng unl ess
otherwi sed speci f i ed i n the contract or purchase order ( see 6. 2) . Sl i ght
di scol orati on f romdri ppi ng or rundown of the seal i ng sol uti on f romdesi gned
crevi ces i n a component shal l be al l owed.
3. 13. 1 Contact marks. The si ze and numberof contact marks shal l be at a
mi ni mumconsi stent wi th good practi ce ( see 6. 14) . I f a speci f i c l ocati on f or
contact marks i s desi red, the l ocati on shal l be speci f i ed on the contract or
purchase order ( see 6. 2) .
4. QUALI TY ASSURANCE PROVI SI ONS
4. 1 Responsi bi l i ty f or i nspecti on. Unl ess otherwi se speci f i ed i n the
contract or purchase order, the contractor i s responsi bl e f or the perf ormance
of al l i nspecti on requi rements ( exami nati ons and tests) as speci f i ed herei n.
Except as otherwi se speci f i ed i n the contract or purchase order, the
contractor may use hi s own or any other f aci l i ti es sui tabl e f or the
perf ormance of the i nspecti on requi rements speci f i ed herei n, unl ess
di sapproved by the Government. The Government reserves the ri ght to perf orm
any of the i nspecti ons set f orth i n the speci f i cati on where such i nspecti ons
are deemed necessary to ensure suppl i es and servi ces conf ormto prescri bed
requi rements.
4. 1. 1 Responsi bi l i ty f or compl i ance. Al l i tems must meet al l requi rements
of Secti on 3. The i nspecti on set f orth i n thi s speci f i cati on shal l become a
partof the contractor s overal l i nspecti on systemor qual i ty program. The
absence of any i nspecti on requi rements i n the speci f i cati on shal l not rel i eve
the contractorof the responsi bi l i tyof ensuri ng that al l products or suppl i es
submi tted to the Government f or acceptance compl y wi th al l requi rements of the
contract. Sampl i ng i nspecti on, as part of manuf acturi ng operati ons, i s an
acceptabl e practi ce to ascertai n conf ormance to requi rements, however, thi s
does not authori ze submi ssi on of known def ecti ve materi al , ei ther i ndi cated or
actual , nor does i t commi t the Government to acceptance of def ecti ve materi al .
4. 2 Cl assi f i cati on of i nspecti on. The i nspecti on requi rements speci f i ed
herei n are cl assi f i ed as f ol l ows:
141L- A- 8625F
a. Process control I nspecti on ( see 4. 3) .
b. Qual i ty conf ormance tnspectl on ( see 4. 4) .
4. 3 Process control I nspectI on.
4.3.1 Process control docwnent ( PCO) . The anodtzer shal l devel op,
mai ntai n, and adhere to a PCD descri bi ng the anodi zi ng process and procedures
used to meet t he requi rements of thts specl f l catl on. As a mi ni mum, the PCD
shal l descri be the f ol l owl ng:
- Al l steps i n the processl ncj sequence.
- Ranges f or i mmersi on ti me and temperature f or each step I n the process.
- Chemi cal consti tuents used and al l owabl e sol uti on control ranges to be
used f or sol utl on anal ysl s ( see 4. 3. 2) f or each step I n the process.
- Ranges f or temperature, current densi ty and anodi zi ng ti me ( or vol tage
ramps and hol d ti mes) as appl i ed to I ndi vi dual al l oys or al l oy seri es.
4. 3. 2 Sol uti on anal ysi s. Sol utton anal ysi s shal l be perf ormed on al l the
processi ng sol uti ons i n the anodi zi ng I l ne to determi ne i f the sol uti on
control s are wi thi n the acceptabl e ranges establ i shed i n the PCD ( see . 4. 3. 1) .
Sol uti on anal ysts shal l be perf ormed at l east once every two weeks unl ess
otherwi se speci f i ed by the procur~ng acti vi ty. The processor shal l mai ntai n a
record of the hi story of each processi ng bath, showi ng al l chemi cal s or
treatment sol uti ons added to the baths and the resul ts of al l chemi cal
anal ysi s perf ormed. Upon request of the procuri ng actl vl ty, such records, as
wel l as reports of the test resul ts, shal l be made avai l abl e. These records
shal l be mai ntai ned f or not l ess than one year af ter compl eti on of the
contract or purchase order.
4. 3. 3 Process control tests. To assure cont~nuous control of the process,
speci mens shal l be tested I n accordance wtth Tabl e 11. Process control tests
are conducted to determf ne conf ormance of the anodi c coati ngs wi th the
requi rements of thi s speci f i cati on and are acceptabl e as evi dence of the
properti es bei ng obtal neci wi th the equi pment and procedures empl oyed.
4. 3. 3. 1 Frequency of the process control tests. Process control tests
shal l be conducted at l east once every month. I n addi ti on, the I nterval s
between each monthl y test shal l not exceed 35 days. If producti on I n
accordance wi th thf s specl f i catton ts not perf ormed f or a peri od of one month
or l onger, process control tests shal l be conducted at the start of producti on.
TA8LE 11. Process control tests.
Number of Paragraph
Test Appl i cabl e speci mens Speci men Test
Type to be tested Preparati on Rei wi rement Method
Coating 1, 16, lC, II, 116 3 4. 3. 3. 2. 1 3. 7. 1. 1 4. 5. 2
wei ght 111 1/ 4. 3. 3. 2. 1 3. 7. 2. 1. 1 4. 5. 2
Coati ng 111 ~1 3 4. 3. 3. 2. 2 3. 7. 2. 1 4. 5. 1
thi ckness
Corrosi on , 1, 16, I C, 11, IIB 5 4.3.3.2.3 3.7.1.2 4.5.3
resi stance ( ml l ntmum)
LI ght I , I B, I C, 11, 116 3 4. 3. 3. 2. 3 3. 7. 1. 3 4. 5. 4
f astness Cl ass 2onl y
, Abrasi on 111 2 4.3.3.2.4 3.7.2.2 4.5.5
resi stance
~/ For Type 111 coati ngs, the coati ng wei ght may be chosen i n l i eu of the
coati ng thi ckness at the opti on of the procuri ng acti vi ty ( see 3. 7. 2. 1. 1) .
9
MI L- A- 8625F
4. 3. 3. 2 Process control test speci mens. Producti on parts shal l be
f or process control i nspecti on provi ded they can be adapted to the app
test. If the Producti on Darts can not be adapted to a parti cul ar test.
used
i cabl e
test
panel s shal l - b; used. At the opti on of the suppl i er, test panel s shalj be
composed of ei ther 2024- T3 per QQ- A- 250/ 4 or the al l oy representi ng the
l argest percent of work anodi zed duri ng the monthl y process control peri od.
Whenever possi bl e, the speci men panel s shal l be anodi zed wi th an actual
producti on run. Addi ti onal detai l s f or the speci men panel s shal l be as
speci f i ed i n 4. 3. 3. 2. 1 through 4. 3. 3. 2. 4.
4. 3. 3. 2. 1 Test speci mens f or coati ng wei ght. Coati ng wei ght shaf l be
determi ned on undved and unseal ed producti on parts or speci men panel s ( see
4. 3. 3. 2) . When s~eci men panel s are used, they shal l have a mi ni mum wi dth of 3
i nches, aml ni mum l ength of 3 i nches, and a mi ni mumnomi nal thi ckness of 0. 032
i nches.
4. 3. 3. 2. 2 Test speci mens f or coati ng thi ckness. Coati ng thi ckness shal l
be determi nedon Type III production parts or speci men panel s ( see 4. 3. 3. 2) .
When speci men panel s are used, they shal l have a mi ni mumwi dth of 3 i nches, a
mi ni mum l ength of 3 i nches, and a mi ni mum nomi nal thi ckness of 0. 032 i nches.
4. 3. 3. 2. 3 Test speci mens f or corrosi on and l i ght f astness resi stance.
Corrosi on resi stance shal l be determi ned on dyed ( Cl ass 2 onl y) and seal ed
producti on parts or speci men panel s ( see 4. 3. 3. 2) . Li ght f astness testi ng i s
perf ormed onl yon dyed ( Cl ass 2) coati ngs and onl y when speci f i ed ( see 6. 2) .
l i henspeci men panel s are used, they shal l have a mi ni mum wi dth of 3 i nches, a
mi ni mum l ength of 10 I nches, and a mi ni mum nomi nal thi ckness of 0. 032 i nches.
4. 3. 3. 2. 4 Test speci mens f or abrasi on resi stance. Abrasi on resi stance
shal l be determi ned on Type III production parts or speci men panel s ( see
4. 3. 3. 2) . When speci men panel s are used, they shal l have a wi dth of 4 i nches,
a l ength of 4 i nches, and a mi ni mum nomi nal thi ckness of 0. 063 i nches.
4. 3. 4 Fai l ure. Fai l ure to conf ormto any of the process control
requi rements speci f i ed i n Tabl e II shal l resul t i n i mmedi ate hal t of
producti on. The reason f or f ai l ure shal l be determi ned and corrected bef ore
producti on resumes. Al l traceabl e work f rom the ti me the f ai l ed process
control speci mens were anodi zed to the ti me when producti on was hal ted shal l
be rej ected unl ess otherwi se speci f i ed by the contracti ng of f i cer. Traceabl e
work shal l be def i ned as al l work tn whi ch the l ocati on i s know. Process
control testi ng shal l be perf ormed at the start of producti on.
4. 4 Qual i ty conf ormance ( i e. l ot acceptance) i nspecti on. Qual i ty
conf ormance i nspecti on shal l consi st of vi sual ( see 4. 4. 2. 1) and di mensi onal
( see 4. 4. 2. 2) exami nati ons ( see 6. 2. 1) . When speci f i ed i n the contract or
purchase order ( see 6. 2) , qual i ty conf ormance i nspecti on shal l al so i ncl ude
pai nt adhesi on testi ng i n accordance wi th 4. 5. 6.
4. 4. 1 @J . A l ot shal l consi st of al l i tems of the same part number
anodi zed i n the same tank usi ng the same process and of the same coati ng type
and cl ass of f ered f or acceptance at one time. In addi ti on, the l ot size shall
not exceed the number of i tems processed i n one shi f t.
10
MI 1- - A- 8625F
4. 4. 2 Sampl f nq f or vi sual and di mensi onal exami nati ons. Sampl es f or
vi sual and di mensi onal exami nati ons ( see 4. 4. 2. 1 and 4. 4. 2. 2) shal l be
sel ected f romeach l ot of anodtzed parts \ n accordance wi th the provi si ons of
! i I L- STD- 105, I nspectI on Level II. The acceptance cri teri a shal l be as
speci f i ed I n the contract or ~urchase order {see 6. 2 and 6. 20) . If no
acceptance cr~teri a I s speci f i ed, the cri teri a gi ven i n 6.20 shall be used.
4. 4. 2. 1 Vi sual exami nati on. Sampl es sel ected I n accordance wi th 4. 4. 2
shal l be i nspected and vi sual l y exami ned f or compl i ance wi th 3. 13 af ter
anodi zi ng, seal i ng and dyei ng ( i f appl i cabl e) .
4. 4. 2. 2 Di mensi onal exami nati on. Sampl es, sel ected I n accordance wi th
4. 4. 2, shal l be di mensi onal l y I nspected f or compl i ance wi th 3. 9, unl ess
otherwi se speci f i ed by the procurtng acti vi ty ( see 6. 10. 5) .
4. 4. 3 Sampl i nq f or pai nt adhesi on testl nq. When the patnt adhesi on test
i s soecl f i ed ( see 4. 4) , two test panel s shal l be tested i n accordance wi th
4. 5. 6 todeterml ne conf ormance to- 3. 7. 1. 4. The test panel s shal l be 3 i nches
i n wi dth by 10 tnches i n l ength wi th a mi ni mum nomi nal thi ckness of 0. 032
i nches. Unl ess otherwi se speci f i ed, the test panel s shal l be composed of
ei ther 2024- T3 per QQ- A- 250/ 4 or the predomi nant al l oy i n the l ot f romwhi ch
the pai nt adhesi on test i s requtred to be perf ormed. Unl ess another pai nt
systemi s speci f i ed ( see 6. 2) , the pai nt system i n 4. 4. 3. 1 shal l be appl i ed to
the anodi zed panel s.
4. 4. 3. 1 Preparati on of pai nt adhesi on speci mens. Speci men panel s ( see
4. 4. 3) shal l be f i ni shed wi th one coat of an epoxy- pol yami de pri mer conf ormi ng
to ei ther MI L- P- 23377 ( Cl ass 1 or 2) or 141L- P- 85582_. I n ei ther case the
pri mer shal l be appl i ed toa dry f i l m thi ckness of 0. 0006 to 0. 0009 i nch ( 0. 6
too. 9ml l ) and dri ed I n accordance wf th the appl i cabl e pri mer speci f i cati on
bef ore testi ng i n accordance wi th 4. 5. 6.
4. 4. 4 Fai l ure. Fai l ure to conf orm to any of the qual i ty conf ormance
requi rements shal l resul t i n rej ecti on of the represented l ot.
4. 5 Test methods.
4. 5. 1 Anodi c coati nq thtckness. Test speci mens prepared i n accordance
wi th 4. 3. 3. 2. 2, shal l be tested f or anodf c coati ng thi ckness i n accordance
wtth ASTM B 244, Method 520 or Method 520. 1 of FEO- STO- 151 to determi ne
conf ormance to the requi rements of 3. 7. 2. 1. I f etther Mm B 244 or Method
520 of FEO- STO- 151 I s used, the thi ckness shal l be computed as the average of
not l ess than e~ght measurements. h case of di spute, anodlc coating thi ckness
shal l be determi ned by measurement of a perpendi cul ar cross secti on of the
anodi zed speci men usi ng a metal l ographl c mi croscope wi th a cal i brated
eyepi ece.
4. 5. 2 Anodl c coati ng wei ght. Test speci mens prepared i n accordance wi th
4. 3. 3. 2. 1 shal l be tested f or anodtc coati ng wei ght ei ther i n accordance wi th
ANS1/ ASTbl B 137, or the method specl f l ed I n 4. 5. 2. 1. Type 1, 16, I C, 11, and
I I B coati ngs shal l be tested f or conf ormance wi th the requi rements of
3 . 7. 1. 1 . I f the procuri ng acti vi ty chooses to have coati ng wei ght tested i n
l i eu of the coati ng thi ckness f or Type III hard anodi zed coati ngs, i t shal l be
tested f or conf ormance wi th 3. 7. 2. 1. 1.
11
MI L- A- 8625F
4. 5. 2. 1 Method. Anodl c coati ng wei ght determi nati ons shal l be
accompl i shed i n the f ol l owi ng manner:
a. Test speci mens shal l be wei ghed i mmedi atel y af ter anodi zi ng, pri or to
dyei ng or seal i ng. An anal yti cal bal ance or other i nstrument sensl tl ve to
at l east 10 percent of the net Anodi c coati ng wei ght on test speci men
shal l be used. Speci mens shal l be cl eaned and dri ed f or a mi ni mum of 30
mi nutes at 93~ 6*C ( 200~ 10F) and al l owed to cool to room temperature
bef ore wei ghi ng.
b. I mmedi atel y af ter wei ghi ng, the test speci mens shal l be stri pped by
i mmersi on i n a phosphori c- chromi c aci d sol uti on f or a mi ni mumof 5
mi nutes, ( not to exceed 6mi nutes) , at 100~60C ( 212Z 10F) . The
sol uti on shal l consi st of the f ol l owi ng:
Phosphori c aci d, 85 percent 35 mi l l i l i ters
Chromi c aci d ( Cr03) 20 grams
Water to make 1, 000 mi l l i l i ters
c. The test speci mens shal l be removed f romthe sol uti on, washed i n
di sti l l ed water, dri ed, and wei ghed. The 5- mi nute exposure shal l be
repeated unti l the coati ng i s compl etel y removed, whi ch i s I ndi cated by
the speci men s wei ght remai ni ng constant. The stri ppi ng sol uti on shal l be
di scarded af ter l - l i terof the sol uti on has di ssol ved 5 grams of the
anodi c coati ng.
d. Af ter f i nal wei ghi ng, the total surf ace area of the test speci men
shal l be accuratel y determi ned.
e. The uni t f i l mwei ght shal l be determi ned by subtracti ng the wei ght i n
mi l l i grams of the stri pped speci men f rom i ts wei ght i n mi l l i grams pri or to
stri ppi ng and di vi di ng by the surf ace area expressed i n square f eet.
4. 5. 3 Corrosi on resi stance.
4. 5. 3. 1 Method. Test speci mens, prepared i n accordance wi th 4. 3. 3. 2. 3,
shal l be washed i n di sti l l ed or dei oni zed water, dri ed wi th a sof t cl oth and
then subj ected to a 5 percent sal t spray test i n accordance wi th ASTMB 117,
except that the si gni f i cant surf ace shal l be i ncl i ned 6 degrees f rom the
verti cal . Speci mens shal l be exposed f or 336 hours. Af ter exposure, speci mens
shal l be exami ned to determi ne compl i ance wi th 3. 7. 1. 2.
4. 5. 4 Li ght f astness resi stance ( Cl ass 2 onl y) . Test speci mens, prepared
i n accordance wi th 4. 3. 3. 2. 3, shal l be tested f or l i ght f astness resi stance by
exposure to ul travi ol et radi ati on i n accordance wi th ei ther ASTM G 23, ASTM D
8220r ASTMG 26, f or a peri od of 200 hours, except that the speci mens wi l l be
exposed conti nuousl y to l l ght wi thout water spray. Af ter exposure, speci mens
shal l be compared wi th dupl i cate speci mens not exposed to a l i ght source f or
the same peri od of ti me to determi ne the Del ta ( E) val ue i n accordance wi th
ASTMD 2244. The Del ta ( E) val ue shal l be used to determi ne conf ormance wi th
3. 7. 1. 3.
12
MI L- A- 8625F
4. 5. 5 Abrasi on resi stance. Test speci mens, prepared I n accordance wi th
4. 3. 3. 2. 4, shal l be tested i n accordance wf th Method 6192. 1 of FED- STD- 141
using CS-17 wheel s wf th a 1000 gram l oad. The wheel s shal l revol ve on the
anodi c coati ng at a speed of 70 revol uti ons per mi nute ( RPM) f or 10, 000
cycl es. The abrasi on wheel s shal l be ref aced at l east once every 10, 000
cycl es. The wear tndex shal l be determi ned af ter the 10, 000 cycl e peri od by
di vi di ng thewetght l oss by 10. The wear i ndex shal l meet the requi rements of
3. 7. 2. 2.
4. 5. 6 Pai nt adhesi on test. When speci f i ed ( see 4. 4) , speci men panel s
prepared i n accordance wi th 4. 4. 3 shal l be tested f or wet tape adhesi on. The
test shal l be conducted as descri bed i n method 6301 of FED- STD- 141 to
determi ne conf ormance wi th paragraph 3. 7. 1. 4.
5. PACKAGI NG ( Not appl i cabl e to thi s speci f i cati on)
6. NOTES ( Thi s secti on conta! ns I nf ormati on of a general or expl anatory
nature that may be hel pf ul but ts not mandatory)
6. 1 I ntended use. The coati ngs covered i n thi s document are i ntended to
ytpvi de corrosi on resi stance, i mproved pai nt adhesi on and abrasi on resi stance
as speci f i ed i n 6. 1. 1 through 6. 1. 3. Thi s document i s not i ntended to
suf f i ci entl y cover anodi c coati ngs f or use tn structural adhesi ve bondi ng.
6. 1. 1 Types 1, I Band 11. The conventi onal Types 1, I B and II anodi c
coati ngs are i ntended to i mprove surf ace corrosi on protecti on under severe
servi ce condi ti ons or as a base f or pai nt systems. Anodi c coati ngs can be
col ored wi th a l arge vari ety of dyes and pi gments. Types 1, I l l and 11
coati ngs provi de better corrosi on protecti on at hi gher cost than the chemi cal
conversi on systems. Repai r of mechani cal l y damaged areas by the use of
materi al s conf ormi ng to MI L- C- 81706 ( see 3. 3. 4) wI 1l not restore abrasi on
resi stance but wi l l provi de an ef f ecti ve means of reestabl i shi ng corrosi on
resi stance. bi hereanodi c coati ngs are requi red on f ati gue cri ti cal
components, Type I and 18 coati ngs ( see 6. 1. 2) are used due to the thi nness of
the coati ng ( see 6. 10. 7) .
6. 1. 2 Type I Cand I I B. Type I C and IIB coati ngs provi de non- chromate
al ternati ves to Type I and 18 coati ngs where corrosi on resi stance, pai nt
adhesi on, and f ati gue resi stance i s requi red. Pl ease note that Type I Cor 116
may not serve as sui tabl e repl acements when the ef f ects of el ectrol yte
entrapment I I Sthe prf mary concern ( see 3. 3. 1. 2 and 3. 3. 1. 3) . Maxi mum Type I C
and Type IIB coati ng wei ghts of 700 mg/ f t2 and 1000 mg/ f t2, respecti vel y, are
speci f i ed i n Tabl e I f or f ati gue purposes ( see 6. 10. 7) . I f hi gher Type I C
coati ng wei ghts are permi ssi bl e f or the I ntended use, I t shoul d be speci f i ed
i n the contractor purchase order ( see 6. 2) . If hi gher Type lIB coati ng
wei ghts are permi ssi bl e f or the tntended use, Type 11 shoul d be speci f i ed.
6. 1. 3 Type 111. Type 111 coati ngs are I ntended to provi de wear and
abrasi on resi stant surf aces wi th I mproved corrosi on protecti on due to greater
thi ckness and wei ght than the conventi onal anodi c coati ngs. Seal i ng of Type
111 coati ngs i s not recommended unl ess corros t on resi stance ts al so a f actor.
Wear resi stance i s reduced by seal l ng. Anodi c coati ngs f orm an excel l ent base
f or most types of pai nt systems, adhesi ves and dry f i l m l ubri cants. Hard
coati ngs may reduce fatigue strength. These f actors shoul d be consi dered i n
proposed use of parts subj ected to cycl ~c l oads. General l y, these hard
coati ngs shoul d not
duri ng rework woul d
wear of hard coated
be used on parts or porti ons of parts whi ch normal l y
requi re restori ng of di mensi onal tol erances because of
surf aces.
13
MI L- A- 8625F
6. 1. 3. 1 Appl i cati ons. Type 111 coati ngs are used I n such appl i cati ons as
val ves, sl i di ng parts, hi nge mechani sms, cams, gears, swi vel j oi nts, pi stons,
rocket nozzl esj i nsul ati on pl ates, bl ast shi el ds, etc.
6. 2 Acqui si ti on requi rements. Acqui si ti on documents
f ol l owi ng:
a. Ti tl e, number and date of thi s speci f i cati on.
b. Type of anodi c coati ng ( see 1. 2. 11.
c. Cl ass of anodi c coati nq ( see 1. 2. 21.
shoul d speci f y the
d. S~eci al Drocess oDerat~nq condi ti ons, i f aml i cabl e( see 3: 2) .
e. Speci al cl eani ng and f ab~i cati on requi rements ( see 3. 3. 1, 3. 3. 2,
and 3. 3. 3) .
f . If coati ng wei ght f or Type I C can exceed the maxi mum speci f i ed i n
Tabl e I .
9.
Col or and uni f ormi ty of Cl ass 2 coati ngs, i f appl i cabl e ( see 3. 6. 1
and 3. 12}.
h. Degree of non- uni f ormi ty of dyed casti ng al l oys ( see 3. 6. 1. 1) .
i . Li ght f astness resi stance, i f appl i cabl e, and a Del ta E val ue i f
di f f erent than 3 ( see 3. 7. 1. 3) .
j .
Type 111 coati ng thi ckness, i nappl i cabl e ( see 3. 7. 2. 1) .
k. Coati ng wei ght f or thi ckness, Type III, if substituted
(see 3.7.2.1.1).
1. Speci al seal i ng requi rements ( see 3. 8) .
m. When appl i cabl e, the al l owabl e di f f erence i n anodi c coati ng
appearance resul ti ng f rom i nherent base metal di f f erences
( see 3. 13) .
n. Provi de the speci f i c l ocati on of contact marks i f i mportant to the
f uncti on of the part ( see 3. 13. 1 and 6. 14) .
o. Acceptance cri teri a f or qual i ty conf ormance i nspecti ons ( see
4. 4. 2 and 6. 20) .
P.
If pai nt adhesi on testi ng i s requi red f or qual i ty conf ormance
testi ng ( see 4. 4) and the requi red pai nt system ( i f di f f erent than
that i n 4. 4. 3. 1) .
6. 2. 1 Consi derati on of data requi rements. The f ol l owi ng data requi rements
shoul d be consi dered when thi s speci f i cati on i s appl i ed on a contract. The
appl i cabl e Data I temDescri pti on ( DI D) shoul d be revi ewed i n conj uncti on wi th
the speci f i c acqui si ti on to ensure that onl y essenti al data are
requested/ provi ded and that the DI D i s tai l ored to ref l ect the requi rements of
the speci f i c acqui si ti on. To ensure correct contractual appl i cati on of the
data requi rements, a Contract Data Requi rements Li st ( DD Form1423) must be
prepared to obtai n the data, except where DOD FAR Suppl ement 27- 4. 75- 1 exempts
the requi rement f or a CI DForm 1423.
Ref erence Para. DI D Number DI D Ti tl e
Suggested
Tai l ori ng
4. 4 DI - NDTI - 80809A TEST/ I NSPECTI ON REPORTS 10. 2. 7. 1
The above DI D was cl eared as of the date of thi s speci f i cati on. The current
i ssue of DOD 501O. 12- L, Acqui si ti on Management Systems and Data Requi rements
Control Li st ( AMSDL) , must be researched to ensure that onl y current, cl eared
DI D s are ci ted on the DD Form 1423.
14
MI L- A- 8625F
6. 2. 2 Exce~tl ons to dra~l nqs f or types 1, 18, I C, 11. and I I B coati ngs.
I +/ henthe anodl c coati ng type ! s not specl f l ed on the drawi ng, Type 1, 113, I C,
11, or I I B may be f urni shed wttl tl nthe l f rnl tsof thi s specl f l cati on, at the
opti on of the contractor. When the coati ng cl ass I s not specl f l ed on the
drawi ng, ei ther Cl ass 1 or Class 2 may be suppl i ed wi thi n the l l mf tsof thi s
speci f i cati on, at the opti on of the contractor.
6. 3 Patntl nq/ coati ng. When anodtc coati ngs are requi red to be
pal ntedl coated, the parts shoul d be drted and painted as promptl y as possi bl e,
durtng whi ch ti me, exposure to contam~natl on shoul d be kept to aml nl mqm.
Prtor to pai nti ng or coat~ng anodi zed parts, wi pi ng, buf f i ng or mechani cal
operati ons shoul d be kept to a ml nl mum. Thts may damage the l ess dense
outsi de l ayer of the anodl c coati ng maki ng I t suscepti bl e to subsequent
adhesi on failures. Sea?lng processes can have a si gni f i cant ef f ect on
adhesi on of prf mers and other pol ymertc materi al s to the anodi zed surf ace as
wel l as the cohestve strength of the anodi zed l ayer. I f these f actors are
f mportant to the appl i cati on, such as subsequent pai nti ng operati ons, speci f i c
detai l s f or ( or the oml ssl on of ) the seal i ng process shoul d be speci f i ed i n
the contract or purchase order.
6. 4 El ectrol yti c actf on. Severe attack by the el ectrol yteon casti ngs or
wel ds may be occasi oned ei ther by unsound casti ngs, I mproper wel di ng practi ce,
a di f f erence I n composi ti on between the wel d and the base metal or,
parti cul arl y tn the case of the sul f url c aci d process, the retenti onof the
sol uti on i n cracks, crevi ces, or I rregul ar surf aces. Severe attack by the
el ectrol yte may al so be caused by contami nants i n the el ectrol yte,
parti cul arl y chl ori des or by I mproper racki ng of the parts.
6. 5 Anodl zi nq rate. Al uml r?umand al wnl numal l oys may be conveni entl y
grouped by anodi zi ng rate, especi al l y I n the case of the chromi c aci d process
( Type 1) f or conventi onal coati ngs.
However, ei ther the chromi c ( Type I ) or
the sul f uri c acid process ( Type 11) wi l l anod! ze mtxed l oads sati sf actori l y,
dependi ng upon l ocal processi ng pref erence. Suppl l ers are cauti oned that.
especi al l y I n the sul f uri c aci d process. the anodi zi ng ti me wI I I have to be
suf f i ci entl y l ong to assure that the sl ower anod~zl ng al l oys have at l east a
ml nl mumcoati ng thi ckness. In some cases, thts may resul t I n i mproper
coati ngs on the f ast anodl zl ng al l oys.
6. 6 Col or match. FE&ST1l - 595 may be used as a gui de f or speci f yi ng col or
of anodi c coati ngs. The col or standards I n FED- STD- 595 are ~ntended f or pai nt
f i ni shes and shoul d be used f or approxi mate compari son onl y wi th the anodi c
coati ngs ( see 6. 2) .
6. 7 Lappl n~. The Type 111 anodl c coat~ngs general l y have I ncreased
surf ace roughness as wel l as havi ng the property of betng l ess dense on the
top surf ace than tn the core of the coati ng toward the base metal . Such
coattngs may be processed overstzed and then l apped or honed down to the f i nal
desired di mensi on.
6. 8 Coati ng baths. f or ~nf ormati on, I t shoul d be noted that processes
provl dtng other coati ng el ectrol ytes f or the conventi onal coati ngs may be
aqueous sol ut$ons contai ni ng oxal l c aci d, bori c aci d pl us annnoni umborate and
ni tri des. There are propri etary processes requi ri ng coati ng el ectrol ytes,
other than sul f uri c aci d, f or the Type 111 coati ngs; f or exampl e, the vari ous
15
MI L- A- 8625F
Al umi l l tes, the Marti n Hard Coat, the Sanf ord, the Hardas and others. One of
the Al umi l l te processes requi res an aqueous sol uti on contai ni ng both sul f uri c
and oxal i c aci ds f or the bath. Other baths used l ess f requentl y and f or
speci al purposes empl oy sul f osal l cyl i c, sul f ami c or sul f ophthal i c aci d
sol uti ons.
6. 9 Chemi cal bri ghteni ng and Pol i shl nq. Chemi cal bri ghteni ng can be
benef i ci al by i mprovi ng the appearanceand corrosi on resi stance, i n smoothi ng
the metal l i c surf ace by removi ng certai n contami nants and i n enhanci ng the
conti nui ty of the anodi c coati ngs on al umi num al l oys ( see 3. 3. 3. ) . The
percentage of ref l ecti vi ty obtai ned f romapart whi ch has been el ectrol yti cal l y
bri ghtened and subsequentl y anodi zed wi l l depend on the al l oy and the coati ng
thi ckness. Certai n al l oys are more capabl e of obtai ni ng a hi ghl y bri ghtened
surf ace and thi cker anodi c coati ngs wi l l reduce ref l ecti vi ty.
6. 10 Desi gn i nf ormati on.
6. ?0. 1 Surf ace di mensi on of parts. On speci f yi ng the thi ckness of
coati ngs, especi al l y f or the Type III coati ngs, al l owance must be made f or
di mensi onal i ncrease. Both a machi ni ng di mensi on and a coated di mensi on shoul d
be pl aced on appl i cabl e drawi ngs. An i ncrease i n di mensi on, equal to one hal f
of the thi ckness of the appl i ed coati ng, can be expected f or each surf ace
coated due to surf ace growth. For exampl e, f or a 0. 004 i nch ( 4 roi l s) coati ng
on cl ose tol erance parts, a pre- machi ni ng al l owance of 0. 002 i nch ( 2 rni l s) per
surf ace must be made pri or to hard coati ng. If cl ose f i ts are speci f i ed i n
desi gn drawi ngs, bui l dup I n thi ckness caused by anodi c coati ngs, especi al l y
Type 111, may resul t i n i nterf erenceon assembl y.
6. 10. 1. 1 Hol es. In the case of smal l hol es and tapped hol es, coati ng
thi ckness can vary f rom no f i l m to a f ul l normal coati ng. Hol es, both tapped
and not tapped, over 1/ 4 i nch shoul d be anodi zed. Parts wi th Type II
coatings, external or i nternal , wi th a total tol erance of 0. 0004 i nch or l ess,
i f l apped, honed or stoned to si ze af ter anodi zi ng, shoul d be subsequentl y
treated wi th QPL- 81706 materi al s to provi de surf ace protecti on. Di scol orati on
on the surf ace that has been si zed i s acceptabl e ( see 6. 6) . The desi gner i s
cauti oned to requi re adequate thread and hol e seal i ng operati ons i n subsequent
assembl i es as may be requi red to produce the necessary corrosi on resi stance.
6. 10. 2 Thread di mensi ons. Al l anodi c coati ngs wi l l af f ect thread
di mensi ons f or external and i nternal threads; the maj or and mi nor di ameter
wi l l be i ncreased 2 ti mes the amount of growth ( see 6. 10. 1) . The pi tch
di ameter f or threads havi ng an i ncl uded angl e of 60 wi l l i ncrease 4 ti mes the
amount of growth. For threads havi ng an i ncl uded angl e, other than 60, the
pi tch di ameter wi l l i ncrease 2 ti mes the amount of growth ( see 6. 10. 1) di vi ded
by the si ne of 1/ 2 the i ncl uded angl e.
6. 10. 3 Fabri cati on. Successf ul use of anodi c coati ngs, especi al l y the
hard Type 111, depends on proper product desi gn. Because of the manner of
f ormati on, anodi c coati ngs wi l l devel op voi ds at sharp corners and edges.
Sharp edges and corners are di f f i cul t to anodi ze sati sf actori l y and i n general
shoul d be avoi ded. Al l edges and i nsi de corners shoul d be radi used pri or to
anodi zi ng. Chamf eri ng shoul d not be used unl ess resul ti ng sharp edges are
radi used. In general , to avoi d any uncoated edges or i nsi de corners, the
pi erci ng and bl anki ng operati ons shoul d compl y wi th the radi i of curvature f or
nomi nal coati ng thi cknesses as i n Tabl e III.
16
MI L- A- 8625F
TA9LE 111. Radtl of curvature f or nominal coattnq thf ckness.
Mominal coati nq thi ckness, i nch~Radi us of curvature ( edge and I nsi de corner)
0. 001 approxi matel y 1/ 32 i nch
0. 002 approxi matel y 1/16 Inch
0.003 approxi matel y 3/ 32 I nch
0.004 approximately 1/8 Inch
6.10.4 Coatlnq thi ckness. Thtckness of the heavy Type 111 coattng can be
control l ed to extremel y cl ose tol erances. Anodi zed coattng can, be obtai ned
wi th tol erances of as l l ttl e as ~0. 0001 i nch ( 0. 1 rol l ) . 14i thal l anodi zi ng
processes used pri mari l y f or engi neeri ng rather than f or decorati ve purposes,
a number of hi ghl y speci al i zed techni ques are used f or operati on control . One
method that may be empl oyed I s to caref ul l y measure the coated part whtl e
sti l l wet and repl ace I t i n the bath f or a f i xed pertod of treatment.
Cal cul ati ons based upon a cal cul ated rate of coati ng per uni tof processi ng
ti me may be used as the bas4s f or determi ni ng the exact durati on of processi ng
requi red f or the speci f i c al l oy betng coated.
6. 10. 5 Coati nq di mensi ons. Tabl e I V gi ves typi cal thi ckness ranges of
anodi c coati ngs that can be appl ted on al umi num and al umi num al l oys. Al l
anodi c coati ngs are harder than the substrate material. If Interference is
requi red f or assembl y, and I s accompl i shed by f orce f i tti ng, Type 1, I B, I C,
IIB, and some Type 11 coati ngs are too thi n and too bri ttl e to wi thstand
abrasi ve damage duri ng such assembly. 14i thType 111 coati ngs assembl y may be
accompl i shed by gri ndi ng, l appi ng or otherwi se removf ng the surpl us coati ng.
Al l artodi ccoati ngs are bri ttl e and may crack and span due to f orce f i tti ngs.
TABLE I V. Thi ckness ranges of anodl c coati nqs on al umi num and al umi numal l ovs.
I
Coati ng Type Th~ckness ranqe, i nch
I , 18, IC, and IIB 0.00002 too.0007
11 0.00007 too.oolo
1
111
1 0.0005 to 0.0045
I
6.10.6 Coat$ng thi ckness. Tabl e V g~ves typi cal ml nl mum thi cknesses ~n
I nches of anodi c coati ngs f ormed on some wrought and cast al l oys that coul d
compl y wtth the mi ni mum coatf ng wei ght requi rements i n accordance wtth Tabl e I
for Types I, I Aand I I , Cl ass 1.
TA8LE V. Ml nl mum thi ckness ( typi cal ) tn I nch of anodl c coatl nqs.
Al l oy desi gnati on
11(IO
2024- T4
2024- T6
3003
5052
5056
6061 - T6
7075- T6
Al cl ad 2014- T6
Al cl ad 7075- T6
295- T6
356- T6
514
Thi ckness of ~
Type 1, 18, and I C
0. 000029
0. oiioo44
0.000035
0.000033
0.000021
0.000034
0.000040
0.000045
0.000041
oatl ng, i nch
Type I I
0.000093
0. 000125
0.000103
0.000098
0.00;099
0.000107
0.000102
0.000086
17
MI L- A- 8625F
6. 10. 7 Ef f ect on f ati que. The f ati gue properti es of al umi numal l oys can be
severel yreduced by anodi c coati ngs. The amountof reduction varies with the
process. As a general rul e, the thi cker the coati ng the greater the reducti on
I n f ati gue wi l l be.
6. 11 Dupl ex seal i ng. The corrosi on resi stance of dyed parts, especi al l y
those anodi zed i n a sul f url c aci d bath, Type II and I I B, may be enhanced by
treatment I n a sodi umbi chromate sol uti on ei ther duri ng or af ter conventi onal
seal i ng wi th ni ckel acetate. Thi s treatment can cause sl i ght changes i n the
col or of the dye. Pai nt systems adhere very sati sf actori l y to. dupl ex - seal ed
dyed coati ngs. However, where any obj ecti on wi th such dupl ex seal i ng
appl i cati on i s warranted because of a f i rml y desi red col orati on, the dual
process f or seal i ng shoul d not be used.
6. 12 Dyei ng or col ori ng Type I, IB, IC, and IIB coati ngs. Type 1, IB, and
I C coati ngs have a di f f erent pore structure and al ong wi th Type IIB coatings
are thi nner than Type II coati ngs whi ch makes themmore di f f i cul t to dye. As
a resul t, Type I , I B, I C, and I I B bl ack anodi zed may not readi l y obtai nabl e.
6.13 Al l oys havi nq 2 percent or more copper content. Al umi num al l oys
havi ng a nomi nal copper content of 2 percent or hi gher i ncl ude al l 2XXX seri es
al l oys, 7050 and 7178 ( see 3. 7. 2. 2) .
6. 14 Si ze of contact marks. In order to obtai n the desi red current
densi ty wi thout burni ng the parts, the si ze or number of contact marks wi l l be
greater on parts havi ng hi gher surf ace areas. Because current densi ty i s a
measure of the requi red current per square f oot of al umi numbei ng anodi zed, a
part havi ng twi ce as much surf ace area rel ati ve to another wi l l requi re twi ce
as much current. Tryi ng to f orce the hi gher currents requi red f or l arger
parts through smal l er contact areas suf f i ci ent f or parts wi th l ower surf ace
areas may resul t i n burni ng.
6. 15 Seal i ng. The hot dei oni zed water seal i s advantages f rom an
envi ronmental vi ewpoi nt. In addi ti on, The useof a hot dei oni zed water seal
on Type I and I B coati ngs yi el ds good corrosi on resi stance and may el i mi nate
the appearance of patchy dark gray areas af ter sal t spray exposure ( see 6. 18
and 3. 7. 1. 2) .
6. 16 Ef f ects on coati ng thi ckness. A hardcoat of 2 roi l sor more i s
extremel y di f f i cul t to obtai n on hi gh si l i cone di e casti ngs such as 360, 380,
and 383. - I t i s recommended that thi s be consi dered when speci f yi ng a coati ng
thi ckness f or hi gh si l i cone casti ngs.
6. 17 Ef f ects of Type III coating thi ckness on abrasi on resi stance. The
abrasi on resi stance of Tme III coatinqs wi l l decrease as the coati ng thi ckness
approaches 3 roi l s. In g~neral , the ab~asi on resi stance does not i nc; ease wi th
i ncreasi ng coati ng thi ckness.
6. 18 Corrosi on resi stance of Type I and I B coati nqs. Al though pi tti ng may
not be vi sual l y evi dent wi th the unai ded eve. the amearance of dark way
areas on the s~rf ace af ter sal t spray
degradati on.
6. 19 Def i ni ti on of a pi t. A pi t
corrosi on havi ng a depth greater than
usual l y di spl ays a characteri sti c tai
expo~ure i s an- i ndi cati on of co~ti ~g
s def i ned as an area of l ocal i zed
i ts wi dth. As a general rul e, a pi t
or l i ne ( see 3. 7. 1. 2) .
18
MI L- A- 8625F
6. 20 Acceptance cr~teri a. Prev\ ous revl sl ons of thts document spectf i ed
an Acceptabl eQual l ty Level (AQL) of 1. 5 percent def ecti ve.
6.21 Superseduredata. Type I , conventi onal chromi c aci d anodi zi ng,
ref erencedthroughout thi s spec~f i cati oni s the same as the Type 1A ti esl gnated
i n the D revl sl onand the Type I i n al l versi ons precedi ngthe D revi si on.
6.22 Changes f romprevi ous i ssue.
Asteri sks are not used tn thi s revi si on
to I denti f ychanges wi th respect to the previ ous I ssue due to the extensi veness
of the changes.
6.23 Subject term(keyword) l l sti nq.
Al uml num
Al umi numal l oys
Anodl c coati ngs
Anodl zl ng
Chromates
Chromi c Aci d
Potassi umBi chromate
Sodi umBi chromate
Custodi an:
Army - hi l l
ti avy- AS
Al r Force - 11
Revi ewacti vi ti es:
Army - Al ?,AV, W
Havy - OS, SH
Al r Force - 70, 71, 80, 82, 85, 99
Prepari ngacti vi ty:
Navy - AS
(Proj ect no. MFFP- 0493)
User actlvltles:
Army - AT, CR, ME
19
S?ANDARDEATI ON DOCUMENT I MPROVEMENTPROPOSAL
ftIJSTfUJCf10F4S
1.
2.
3.
Theprepari ng activity must complete Mocks 1,2,3, and8. [ nbl ock1, boththe document number and revi si on
l etter shoul dbegi ven.
Thesubmitter of this form must complete blocks 4,5,6, and 7.
Thepreparing a~ vity must provide a reply within 30 days from receipt of the form.
NOTE: Thisform may no? be used to request copies of documents,nor to request waivers, d~ clarification of
requirements on current contracts. Comments submitted on this form do not constitute or jmply authorization to
waive any portion of the referenced document(s) or to amend contractual requirements.
.
1. tdATu RE OF CHANGE (kfenti& gw4gr J ph number muf include proposed rewrite, if po.uible. Amch exlra SfQMSasneeded.J
. .
.
.
.
.
. REASONFOR RECOMMENDATION
PMPARING ACTIVITY
NAMECO! WU! AND1 NG OFFICER, NAVAL AI R
b. TELEPHONE(include&w Cafe)
WARFARE CENTER AIRCRAFT DIV IS ION LAKEHURST 1) Commerda
(2) AUTOVON
SYSTEMS REQUIREMENTS DEl?ARl?vIENT [908 ) 323-7488 624-7488
/@DM5~ (IncludeZip CodeJ
lF YOU DO NOT RECEIVE A JWI,Y WITHIN 4S DAYS. CONTAa:
CODE SR3
I
Defense Quality md Standwdixation Otiice
LAKEHURST, NJ 08733-5100
S203LeesbutgPike, Suite 1403, F~lls church, VA 2204t-3466
Telephone (703) 7S&2340 AUTOVON 289-2340









MILITARY SPECIFICATION

ANODIC COATINGS FOR ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOYS

This amendment forms a part of MIL-A-8625F, dated 10 September 1993, and is approved
for use by all Departments and Agencies of the Department of Defense.



PAGE 2

2.1.1, under SPECIFICATIONS, MILITARY: Delete MIL-C-81706 Chemical
Conversion Materials for Coating Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys.

PAGE 3

3.3.1.2, line 7: Delete IA and substitute IB.

PAGE 4

3.3.1.2: Change paragraph number to 3.3.1.3. In line 4, delete IA and substitute IB.

PAGE 5

Add: 3.4.2.2 Photosensitized (identification) nameplates. When type II anodic coatings
are specified for use in photosensitized nameplates, oxalic acid anodizing may be used in lieu of
sulfuric acid anodizing. If oxalic acid anodizing is used, the resultant coating shall meet the
requirements of this specification for type II anodic coatings. If copy and background color are
added to photosensitive nameplates, silver compounds or dyes shall be used. Unprocessed
photosensitive aluminum shall be classified as class 1. Nameplates made from photosensitive
aluminum shall be classified as class 2.





AMSC N/A 1 of 3 AREA MFFP
DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
NOT MEASUREMENT
SENSITIVE
MIL-A-8625F
AMENDMENT 1
15 September 2003
MIL-A-8625F
AMENDMENT 1

2
PAGE 6

3.7.1.2c: Delete and substitute:

c. In addition to the requirements in a and b above, types I and IB test specimens that
exhibit large areas of gross discoloration (dark grey areas) shall meet the following additional
requirement. The total number and per panel number of pits used to verify that the requirements
of a and b above are met shall be determined by adding the number of pits found with the
unaided eye to the number of pits found in the areas of gross discoloration determined when
examined at a magnification of 10X. This requirement does not apply to areas of slight
discoloration or fading such as those areas that may result from chromate leaching during salt
spray exposure.

PAGE 9

TABLE II: Add 2/ III to column 2, row 3, Applicable type I, IB, IC, II, IIB.
Add the following footnote below the table 2/ Type III coatings shall be tested for corrosion
resistance only when it is specified that the coating is sealed.

PAGE 10

4.3.3.2.3: Delete and substitute: 4.3.3.2.3 Test specimens for corrosion and light fastness
resistance. Corrosion resistance shall be determined on undyed and sealed production parts or
specimen panels (see 4.3.3.2). When light fastness testing is specified (see 6.2), it shall
be performed on dyed and sealed (class 2) production parts or specimen panels (see 4.3.3.2).
When specimen panels are used, they shall have a width of not less than 3 inches, a length of not
less than 10 inches, and a nominal thickness of not less than 0.032 inch.

PAGE 13

6.1, line 2: Delete yipvide and substitute provide.

6.1.1, line 7: Change MIL-C-81706 to MIL-DTL-81706.

PAGE 18

6.16, lines 2 and 4: Change silicone to silicon.

MIL-A-8625F
AMENDMENT 1

3
PAGE 19

Delete 6.23 and substitute:

6.23 Subject term (key word) listing.

Anodizing
Chromates
Chromic acid
Phosphoric acid
Potassium dichromate
Sodium dichromate
Sulfuric acid



Custodians: Preparing activity:
Army MR Navy - AS
Navy AS (Project MFFP-0698)
Air Force 11

Review activities:
Army AR, AV, AT, CR, CR4, MI
Navy OS, SH
Air Force 70, 71, 99

Related Interests