You are on page 1of 15

!

"#
Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved.
The Assessment and Qualifications Alliance (AQA) is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 3644723) and a registered charity
(registered charity number 1073334). Registered address: AQA, Devas Street, Manchester M15 6EX.
Dr Michael Cresswell, Director General

Teacher Resource Bank
GCE Physics A
A2 Scheme of Work
Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

2 Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. %&'


AQA Physics Specification A A2 Scheme of Work

The following pages outline a suggested scheme of work.

The following scheme of work provides one example of how to teach the course. The scheme shown starts with PHYA4. This is the only unit
available in January, though we do not dictate that this unit has to be covered before PHYA5. It is not a prescribed AQA approach to teaching
but is provided in order to show a teaching approach to the course which people can consider or adapt to their needs and resources.

There is also a free scheme of work for GCE Physics Specification A which can be downloaded from the Nelson Thornes website;
http://www.nelsonthornes.com/aqagce/physics_a.htm.

Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

%&' Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 3

Summary of Learning Activities (these should relate to Schemes of Work activities & should be completed following completion of
the Scheme of Work) !

very frequent - approximately every week rare - less than occasional
frequent - approximately 1 - 2 times per month never - never
occasional - approximately 1 - 2 times per term


very
frequent
frequent occasional rare never
very
frequent
frequent occasional rare never
lectures ! dictation !
video ! group work !
class
discussion
! role-play !
IT usage ! visits !
practical
work
!
student
seminars
!
individual
research
! field course !
worksheets
assignments
!
other
(please state)


Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

4 Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. %&'

Glossary of Terms
subject content the area of the syllabus to be covered
work to be covered/student activities topic area(s) and skills to be covered from within the syllabus area
teaching/learning method how delivery of the topic area will be made/received
development skills any skills development taking place including Key Skills
where opportunities present themselves for skills development, they should be noted here
students should be made aware of the opportunities for gaining evidence for Key Skills portfolios
should they require it

Teaching week numbers relating to dates (week commencing)

Term 1 Term 2 Term 3
Aug 31 8 Nov 2 15 Jan 4 21 Feb 22 27 Apr 19 33 June 7
1 Sept 7 9 Nov 9 16 Jan 11 22 March 1 28 Apr 26 34 June 14
2 Sept 14 10 Nov 16 17 Jan 18 23 March 8 29 May 4 35 June 21
3 Sept 21 11 Nov 23 18 Jan 25 24 March 15 30 May 10 36 June 28
4 Sept 28 12 Nov 30 19 Feb 1 25 March 22 31 May 17 37 July 5
5 Oct 5 13 Dec 7 20 Feb 8 26 March 29 32 May 24 38 July 12
6 Oct 12 14 Dec 14 half term Easter half term
end of
term
7 Oct 19 Christmas
half term


Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

%&' Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 5

Wk Work to be covered Learning activities to be carried out
Subject content Student activities
Teaching/learning
method
Resources required
Assignment/
homework
Development skills
1
3.4.1
momentum and its
conservation
experimental work on collisions
and explosions
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
trolley boards,
trolleys, water,
rockets, air track
momentum
questions
application of
number, practical
skills
2
3.4.1
circular motion
circular motion revision,
including experiments
link with planets, satellites and
accelerators
radians
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
circular motion
apparatus, video,
access to IT
circular motion
question sheets
revision
application of
number, practical
skills
3
3.4.1
simple harmonic motion
main features of SHM
relation to circular motion
test
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
datalogger, video
springs, masses,
pendulums, trolleys
SHM introductory
question sheets
application of
number, practical
skills
4
3.4.1
simple harmonic motion
study of particular oscillators,
including experiments
energy A
2

class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
springs, masses,
pendulums, trolleys
SHM energy and
systems question
sheets
application of
number, practical
skills
5
3.4.1
resonance
resonance, free and forced
vibration revision and
experiments
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
Bartons Pendula,
Hacksaw Blade
Oscillator video
resonance
questions, revision
application of
number, practical
skills
6
3.4.2
gravitational fields
3.4.3
Newtons Law, field
strength
test
fields uniform and non-uniform
g fields
experimental work
test
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
access to IT field questions
application of
number skills

Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

6 Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. %&'

7
3.4.2
gravitational potentials
and potential energies
some computer work and
student research
planetary orbits
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
access to IT potential questions
application of
number, research
and practical skills
Half term
8
3.4.3
electric fields
field strength, potential and
potential energies
experimental work
analogies with gravitational
fields
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
capacitors, flame
probe, conducting
paper and football
fields questions
potential questions
application of
number, practical
skills
9
3.4.3
finish E fields
3.4.4
capacitors
capacitor experiments, Q = CV
test
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
capacitors, power
supplies, meters
capacitors
introductory question
sheets
application of
number, practical
skills
10
3.4.4
energy stored
parallel plate capacitors
parallel plate capacitors
experimental work
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
capacitor apparatus
shuttling ball, reed
switches
parallel plate
capacitor questions
application of
number, practical
skills
11
3.4.4
charging and
discharging
time constant
charging and discharging
experiments
time constant
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
capacitor apparatus,
CROs
decay of charge
questions
revision
application of
number, practical
skills
12
practice ISA/EMPA and
catch up
test test
13
3.4.5
magnetic fields
F = BIL and F = Bqv
experimental work
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
magnets, wire,
motors
fine beam tube
hall probes
B field questions
application of
number, practical
skills
14
3.4.5
electromagnetic
induction
flux and flux linkage
experimental work
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
magnets, wires,
dynamos, search
coils
E/M induction
questions
application of
number, practical
skills
Christmas

Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

%&' Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 7

15
3.4.5
transformers, motors
and dynamos
transformers, motors and
dynamos
experiments
class discussion,
practical work, class
discussions
motors, dynamos
and transformers
melting nail
demonstration,
model power lines
transformers
questions
exam revision
application of
number, practical
skills
16
catch up with unit 4
work
exam revision
17
3.5.1
particles and radiation
structure of the atom,
radioactivity introduction, !",
inverse square law
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
radioactivity
apparatus
atomic structure
question sheets
application of
number, practical
skills
18
3.5.1
radioactive decay
carbon dating
radioactive decay
carbon dating
experimental work and research
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
radioactivity
apparatus
radioactive decay
questions
application of
number, practical
skills and research
skills
19
3.5.1
nuclear instability and
nuclear radius
more decay, medical diagnosis
and electron diffraction
test, class
discussion, student
research
access to IT, videos student research research skills
20
3.5.2
binding energy
E = mc
2
and binding energy
class discussion,
student research
and questions
access to IT
binding energy
questions
application of
number skills
Half term

Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

8 Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. %&'

21
3.5.2
nuclear fission and
fusion
the nuclear reactor
looking at reactors of all kinds
and relating science to them
class discussion and
research, class
questions
access to IT and
videos
fission and fusion
questions
revision
application of
number, research
skills
22
3.5.3
specific and latent heat
test
experimental work heating up
materials
test
class discussion,
practical work
specific and latent
heat apparatus
specific and latent
heat questions
revision
application of
number, practical
skills
23
3.5.3
gas laws
experimental work and gas laws
practicals
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
gas laws apparatus
video, access to IT
gas laws questions
application of
number, practical
skills
24
3.5.3
kinetic theory
Brownian motion, kinetic theory,
Avogadros number, kinetic
energy and temperature
research
Brownian motion not explicitly
mentioned in spec but useful
intro to kinetic theory
class discussion,
research, class
questions
gas laws apparatus
video, access to IT
kinetic theory
questions
application of
number skills and
research skills

Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

%&' Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 9

Scheme of Work for PHA5A Astrophysics
25
ISA/EMPA
introduce
Astrophysics
test
26
A.1.1
lenses and telescopes
ray diagrams and calculations
for converging lenses
the astronomical refracting
telescope
angular magnification
practical work, class
discussion, lecture,
questions
a range of lenses,
metre rulers, ray
boxes, objects,
screens blu-tack
research
astronomical
telescopes
historically
practical skills,
research skills,
application of
number
Easter
27
A.1.1
reflecting telescope
resolving power
ray diagrams for concave mirror
and Cassegrain telescope
spherical and chromatic
aberration comparison with
refracting telescopes
draw ray diagram for spherical
mirror carefully to show
spherical aberration
resolving power
practical work,
class discussion,
lecture, questions
Concave mirrors to
look at, protractors to
help draw ray
diagrams

ray boxes and
lenses and prisms
laser and slits
calculations on
resolving power
research reflecting
telescopes
pPractical skills
research skills
application of
number
28
A.1.1
the charge-coupled
device


A.1.2
non-optical telescopes
how it works approach to the
CCD
notes on how it works, label
diagrams, design a model
definition of quantum efficiency
demo of em spectrum and how
it is detected (eg microwaves
and satellite dishes, IR and
thermopile, UV and fluorescent
screen, X-ray photographs)
lecture comparing telescopes
lectures
research



em spectrum
experiments/demos
research

website of animation
of CCD

IR source (heater ?)
and detector
(thermopile)
UV source (lamp)
and detector (bank
note?)
X-ray photos
(websites)
websites for different
telescopes
research
research skills





practical skills

Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

10 Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. %&'

29
A.1.3
classification of stars
apparent and absolute
magnitude
use interactive star maps to
discuss brightness of stars
use grease spot/paper to
compare lab sources
produce table of properties of 10
brightest stars
define parsec and measure
length of lab from behind the
teachers desk
define m and M
perform calculations
class discussion
practical work
demos
lecture
websites of star
maps (or suitable
software)
lamps and variable
power supplies,
paper with grease
spot
protractors and
metre rulers
m M and d
calculations
practical skills
research skills
use of number
30
A.1.3
black body radiation
and stellar spectral
classes


the HR diagram


different types of star
demo hot, red hot and white
hot (use fuse wire for example)
calculations
sketch graphs, research star
spectral classes and
temperature
produce own plot of HR diagram
if possible
calculations comparing sizes
and temperatures of stars
research/define black holes,
neutron stars and supernovae
calculation of Schwarzschild
radius
lecture
demo
research
graph plotting
wire, variable power
supply
access to internet
research stars of
different absolute
magnitudes,
temperatures and
sizes


prepare a
PowerPoint on one
of them
research
use of number
graph plotting
IT
31
A.1.3
supernovae and dark
energy

A.1.4
cosmology Doppler
effect
notes on use of supernovae as
standard candles
notes on evidence for
accelerating universe and role of
dark energy
lab demos with sound,
calculations
research


experiments and
demos
internet access

speakers and
turntable or rotating
tube or video of
ambulance
research dark
energy
use of IT
32
A.1.4
cosmology Doppler
effect, Hubbles law and
quasars
Doppler calculations
notes on evidence for big bang
description of quasars and their
properties
test
practice calculations,
research
lectures
worksheets

internet access
research/practice
questions
use of IT
use of number
Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

%&' Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 11

Scheme of Work for PHA5B Medical Physics
25
ISA/EMPA
introduce
Medical Physics
test
26
B.2.1
the eye
experiments using single and
double lenses
class discussion,
practical work,
research, class
questions
ray boxes, lenses,
screens, model of
the eye, access of IT
past paper questions
application of
number skills and
research skills
Easter
27
B.2.2
the ear
experiments using sound meter
to look at general levels and
difference between dB and dBA
class discussion,
practical work, class
questions
sound meter, sig
generator and
speaker
past paper questions
application of
number skills and
research skills
28
B.2.3
biological measurement
research, possible visit to
doctors
class discussion,
research, class
questions
access to IT past paper questions
application of
number skills and
research skills
29
B.2.4
non-ionising imaging
ultrasound
fibre optics
revision practical on TIR and
optical fibres, research, video
class discussion,
practical research,
class questions
glass/Perspex block
to show TIR, video,
access to IT
past paper questions
application of
number skills and
research skills
30
B.2.5
X-ray imaging
research, video, possible visit to
hospital
class discussion,
research, class
questions
access to IT, video past paper questions
application of
number skills and
research skills
31
B.2.5
CT scanner
B.2.4
MR scanner
research, comparison of MR, CT
and ultrasound scans
class discussion,
research, class
questions
access to IT, video revision
application of
number skills and
research skills
32 test and revision

Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

12 Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. %&'

Scheme of Work for PHA5C Applied Physics
25
ISA/EMPA
introduce
Applied Physics
test
26
C.3.1
moment of inertia,
kinetic energy and
flywheels
concept of moment of inertia
rotational Ek
experimental work
practical work,
discussion, class
questions
rollers,
flywheel/motor/
dynamo demo
wheel and axle
moment of inertia
questions
application of
number
practical skills
Easter
27
C.3.1
angular displacement,
velocity and
acceleration
concept of torque
revision of radians
equations of motion
analogy with linear dynamics
T = l!
discussion, class
questions
flywheel, wheel and
axle
equations of motion
questions
application of
number
28
C.3.1
concept of torque,
work, power, angular
momentum
W = T", P = T#
use of flywheels where torque
varies
experimental work
discussion, class
questions
access to IT, videos,
swivel chair,
turntable
torque, work, power
and momentum
questions
application of
number
29
C.3.2
first law of
thermodynamics
p V diagrams
as applied to non-flow
processes
estimating area under graph
discussion, class
questions
Boyles Law,
apparatus, first
piston
first law and
processes questions
application of
number
graph work
30
C.3.2
engine cycles
internal combustion engines
indicator diagrams, powers and
efficiencies
discussion, research
access to IT
demo model petrol
engine
heat engines
questions
application of
number
graph work
31
C.3.2
engine cycles
second law and
engines
reverse heat engines
need for source/sink,
max poss efficiency
researching CHP
refrigerators and heat pumps
discussion, class
questions
access to IT

access to fridge
heat engine
questions
researching CHP
heat pump and
refrigerator
questions
application of
number
research skills
32
catch up with Applied
Physics work
test
revision
test past papers revision
application of
number

Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

%&' Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 13

Scheme of Work for PHA5D Turning Points in Physics
25
ISA/EMPA
introduce
Turning Points in
Physics
test
26
D.4.1
discovery of the
electron
cathode rays, the
discharge tube
thermionic emission
measurement of e/m
principle of thermionic emission
and explanation and use of
eV = mv
2
deflection of an electron beam
by a uniform E-field
class discussion,
demonstrations, use
of resource material
discharge tube

teltron tube of similar
past paper questions AON and QWC skills
Easter
27
D.4.1
discovery of the
electron
deflection of electron beam by a
uniform B-field
measurement of e/m and its
significance
use of balanced fields to
measure speed
class discussion,
demonstrations, use
of resource material
teltron tube or similar past paper questions AON and QWC skills
28
D.4.1
discovery of the
electron
Millikans method for
the measurement of e
and the significance of
the result
measurement of the charge of
an oil droplet of known mass
measurement of the mass of an
oil droplet using Stokes law
class discussion,
demonstrations, use
of resource material
Millikans apparatus
for determination of
e, use of CCTV
camera if available
past paper questions AON and QWC skills

Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

14 Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. %&'

29
D.4.2
wave particle duality
theories of light
Newtons corpuscular theory v
Huygens wave theory
prediction of the speed of light
by Maxwell
Hertzs discovery of radio waves
and their properties
class discussion,
demonstrations, use
of resource material
refraction of light
models, Youngs
double slits
experiment,
production and
detection of radio
waves from sparks,
use of microwave kit
to demonstrate
polarisation and
stationary waves
past paper questions AON and QWC skills
30
D.4.2
wave particle duality
matter waves
photoelectricity and the photon
theory
wave particle duality and de
Broglies hypothesis and formula
principle of operation of the TEM
class discussion,
demonstrations, use
of resource material
measurement of
stopping potential
electron diffraction
demonstration
past paper questions AON and QWC skills
31
D.4.3
special relativity
the Michelson-Morley
experiment
Einsteins theory of
special relativity
principle of operation of the STM
the significance of the failure to
detect absolute motion
the concept of an inertial frame
of reference and the two
postulates of Einsteins theory
class discussion,
demonstrations, use
of resource material
use of microwave kit
as an analogue
demonstration
past paper questions AON and QWC skills
32
D.4.3
special relativity
time dilation
length contraction
mass and energy
calculations using the time
dilation formula and evidence
from muon decay
calculations using the length
contraction formula
increase of mass with speed,
calculations using the relativistic
mass formula,
of use E = mc
2
= m
0
c
2
+ E
K

class discussion,
demonstrations, use
of resource material
past paper questions AON and QWC skills

Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Physics A / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0

%&' Copyright 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 15

Half term
33 revision
34 A2 examination
35 A2 examination
36
37
38