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UNIT I -- D.C. CIRCUITS AND THEOREMS

Definition and unit for voltage, current, power, resistance, conductance, resistivity ohms law only simple

problems in ohms law- Kirchoffs current law and voltage law. Series circuits parallel circuits series parallel

circuits Thevenins, Nortons, super position and maximum power transfer theorem Statement and explanation (

simple problems two sources with four resistors).

UNIT II -- A.C. CIRCUITS AND RESONANCE

A.C. CIRCUITS : AC through single pure resistance, pure inductance, pure capacitance - voltage and current

relationship - and (to mention only) the equation for power and power factor in each case ( only simple

problems).Definition for impedance, reactance, admittance, conductance, phase angle, power factor and power. AC

circuits Derivation only for impedance, power and power factor in Series R-L, R-C, R-L-C circuits. Analysis of

Parallel R-L circuit, R-C circuit, R-L-C circuit (qualitative treatment only )

RESONANCE: Resonance - series resonance parallel resonance - condition for resonance resonant frequency- Q

factor - resonance curve - bandwidth (only simple problems).

UNIT III -- TRANSFORMERS AND MACHINES

TRANSFORMERS : Transformer Ideal transformer construction - working principle EMF equation -Losses in

transformer- core loss, copper loss- Efficiency- Regulation- OC, SC test on transformer List of applications

(qualitative treatment only )

MACHINES : D.C Machines - DCGenerator Working principle - Types- Applications - DC motor- working

principle -types- applications (qualitative treatment only). Single phase Induction motor-Types- construction &

principle of operation of capacitor start induction motor- Applications- stepper motor-working principle-uses

(qualitative treatment only).

UNIT IV -- MEASURING INSTRUMENTS AND CRO

MEASURING INSTRUMENTS: Indicating instruments Basic forces for indicating instruments- construction and

operation of permanent magnet moving coil Instrument-Advantages Disadvantages of PMMC -Shunts and

Multipliers- DC ammeter-DC volt meter-volt meter sensitivity. Bridges- Types - Wheat stone bridge - applications

Universal impedance bridge arrangements to measure R,L,C.

CRO : CRO - Block diagram and principle of operation of CRO- operation of CRT -Electrostatic focusing-

Electrostatic deflection (no derivation) - Block diagram of vertical deflection system- Applications of CRO- Types of

CRO- Block diagram and operation of dual trace CRO- dual beam CRO comparison between dual trace and dual

beam CRO Digital storage oscilloscope Block diagram- advantages.

UNIT V: RECORDERS, TRANSDUCERS & TEST INSTRUMENTS

RECORDERS: Recorders Types- X-Y recorder Strip chart recorder list of applications - comparison between

X-Y recorder and strip chart recorder.

TRANSDUCERS: Transducers classification of transducer-Strain gauge - Types-uses. Construction, operation and

applications of photo electric transducer, LVDT and Load cell. Principle of working of thermocouple-Temperature

measurement using thermocouple list of applications- Principle of working of Thermistor Temperature

measurement using thermistors Types (NTC, PTC) List of applications .

TEST INSTRUMENTS: Digital voltmeter Types ( to list only ) - Basic block diagram of DVM Block diagram of

Digital multi meter- Advantages over analog instruments-Block diagram of Digital frequency counter- Simple PC

based Data Acquisition system Block diagram.

ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION Unit - I

24035 - ELECRICAL CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION PRACTICAL

Course Name : Electronics and Communication Engineering

Subject code : 24035

Semester : III Semester

Subject title : Electrical Circuits And Instrumentation Practical

Allocation of marks

Circuit Diagram : 20

Connection : 25

Execution & Handling Of Equipment : 15

Output / Result : 10

Viva Voce : 05

_________________________________________________

Total : 75

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

Note:

1. All students must have his own soldering iron and multimeter

2. At least 10 experiments should be constructed using breadboard / soldering

3. Different component value should be given for EACH batch of students.

1. Construct a circuit to verify ohms law

2. Construct a circuit to verify kirchoffs voltage and current law

3. Construct a circuit to verify super position theorem

4. Construct a circuit to verify Thevenins Theorem

5. Construct a circuit to verify Nortons Theorem

6. Construct a circuit to verify maximum power transfer Theorem

7. Construct and test the performance of series resonant circuit and parallel resonant circuit

8. Calibrate the given ammeter and voltmeter

9. Extend the range of given voltmeter and ammeter

10. Construct and test the performance of Wheatstone bridge

11. Measure the amplitude and frequency of signals using dual trace CRO

12. Measure the frequency and phase angle using CRO by Lissajous figure

13. Measure voltage and current using CRO

14. Test the performance of LVDT

15. Measure strain using strain gauge.

16. Determine the characteristics of a thermistor

17. Test the performance of a load cell

18. Construct and test the performance of a photo electric transducer

Subject Attendance

(Award of marks for subject attendance to each subject Theory/Practical will be as per the range given below)

80% - 83% 1 Marks

84% - 87% 2 Marks

88% - 91% 3 Marks

92% - 95% 4 Marks

96% - 100% 5 Marks

~~ALL THE BEST~~ Sukesh.R Lec/ECE

GRG Polytechnic College, Coimbatore.

ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION Unit - I

UNIT I --- D.C. CIRCUITS AND THEOREMS

1.Define current and mention its unit.

(conductor) electron- current , I .

unit - amphere(A).

2. Define power and mention its unit.

Power(P) . (OR) voltage- current-

. P= V* I. Unit - Watts(W).

3. Define amphere.

(conductor) coulomb charge

current amphere .

4.Define voltage or potential difference.

(conductor) (voltage)

. Unit - Volt.

5. Define resistance.

(conductor) current- resistance . R

. unit - ohm().

6. Mention laws of resistance OR Mention the factors affecting resistance.

Resistance 1. length(l)- , 2. area(a)- , 3.material-

, 4. Temperature- . R= l / a

7. Define conductance.

Resistance Conductance . G . Unit - mho().

8. Define Energy.

Energy . E . Unit -Watts/sec.

Energy =power * time E =P*t

9. State ohms law.

(conductor) current- (conductor)

(voltage) .

V I V=IR.

10. State the two types of Kirchoffs laws.

Kirchoffs current law

Kirchoffs voltage law

~~ALL THE BEST~~ Sukesh.R Lec/ECE

GRG Polytechnic College, Coimbatore.

ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION Unit - I

11. State Kirchoffs current law.

junction- current- (Zero).

junction- current- = junction- current-

12. State Kirchoffs voltage law.

(closed circuit) voltage- (Zero).

Voltage drops- =voltage rise(Supply) -

13. Give the expression of power.

P=V*I OR P=I

2

R OR P=V

2

/ R

14. Give the equivalent resistance expression for resistor connected in series.

Req =1 + 2 + 3

15. Give the equivalent resistance expression for resistor connected in parallel.

Req=

12

1+2

16. State Super position theorem.

circuit sources(Supply) , resistor-

current- , source resistor- current-

.

17. State Thevenins theorem.

two terminal network- voltage source () resistance ()- series-

simple circuit .

18. State Nortons theorem.

two terminal network- current source (I

N

) resistance (R

N

)- parallel -

simple circuit .

19. State maximum power transfer theorem

network- maximum power- transfer load resistor(R

L

)- Source(internal)

resistor .

19. What is the condition for maximum power transfer?

Maximum power- transfer

Load resistor = Source(internal) resistor R

L

=Rs.

20. Give the formula for finding load current in Nortons circuit.

I

L

=

~~ALL THE BEST~~ Sukesh.R Lec/ECE

GRG Polytechnic College, Coimbatore.

ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION Unit - I

21. Give the formula for finding load current in Nortons circuit.

I

L

=

22. Draw the Thevenins equivalent circuit.

23. Draw the Nortons equivalent circuit.

22.Write the equation for maximum power.

Pmax=

25. Draw the equivalent circuit of Maximum power transfer theorem.

Part B----- 12 Marks

1. Explain Ohms law. (4 Marks)

2. Explain kirchoffs law. (8 marks)

3. Derive the equation for series and parallel circuit.

4. Write & Explain the step by step procedure of Theveniss theorem.

5. Write & Explain the step by step procedure of Nortons theorem.

6. Write & Explain the step by step procedure of super position theorems theorem

7. Write the equation for Maximum power transfer theorem.

8. Problems on Theorems

RN

Load

IN

R

N

I

N

R

L

Vth

Rth

Load

Vs

Rs

Load

R

L

Rs=R

L

Vth

Rth

Load

Load

R

L

~~ALL THE BEST~~ Sukesh.R Lec/ECE

GRG Polytechnic College, Coimbatore.

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