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Beam Data

width 200 mm
depth 600 mm d' 36 mm .= cc+ sdia + mdia/2
clear cover to main 15 mm eff depth 565 mm .= d - d'
Material Grades
Concrete 20 MPa
Steel 415 MPa

Moment 123 KN-m Mu/bd
2
1.93
xumax 270 .= (700/(1100 * (0.87 * fy)) * d
Mulim 176 .= 0.36*fck*b*xumax*(d-(0.42*xumax))
Mulim/bd
2
2.76
Beam is designed as Singly Reinforced Beam
Area of Steel Tension (Ast) Compr (Asc)
Percentage 0.613 % ------- Refer Table 2 SP 16 pg 48
Area of Steel 692 sqmm
Tension Reinforcement
Type Bar dia Nos Area of Steel
Layer 1 25 mm 2 982 sqmm
Layer 2 16 mm 2 402 sqmm
Layer 3 - 2
1384 sqmm 1.226 %
Compression Reinforcement
Type Bar dia Nos Area of Steel
Layer 1 12 mm 2
Layer 2 -
Layer 3
#VALUE!
Shear Force (Vu) 200 KN
v 1.771 .=Vu / (b * d)
c 0.562 Refer Table 61 SP 16 pg 179 or =(0.85 * (0.8*fck)*(1+5 ) -1)) / (6 )
cmax 2.8 Refer Table J SP 16 pg 175
Type Bar Dia Nos Area of Steel
Layer 1 16 mm 2 402 sqmm
Layer 2 12 mm 4 452 sqmm
Layer 3 -
855 sqmm 0.757 %
Sectional Dimensions OK
Shear Reinforcements required
Type of stirrup 2 legged
Stirrup diameter 8 mm
Spacing 150 c/c
Beam Design
Total Steel Provided
Provided Steel OK
Total Steel Provided
Total Steel Provided
Steel Calculation
Grade Check
7.1
SRB DRB
a 0.75 .=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck)
2
a 0.75 .=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck)
2
b -3.611 .=(0.87/100) * (fy) b -3.611 .=(0.87/100) * (fy)
c 1.930 .=Mu/bd
2
c 2.762 .=Mulim/bd
2
-p 0.613 .=-(b (b
2
-4ac))/2a -p 0.955 .=-(b (b
2
-4ac))/2a
Ast 692 .=(p*b*d)/100 Astlim 1079 .=(p*b*d)/100
Mu2 -53 .=Mu - Mulim
Ast2 -278 .=Mu2/((0.87*fy)*(d-d'))
Ast 801 .=Astlim+Ast2
0.0629 d'/d 0.10
0.1 fsc 353 Refer Table F SP 16 pg 13
fcc 8.92 .=0.466*fck
Asc -291 .=Mu2/((fsc-fcc)*(d-d'))
Min steel % 0.205 .=0.85% / fy
Ast 692
Asc -291
Min Steel 231 .=(0.85*b*d) / fy
Max Steel 4516 .=0.04*b*d)
Ast 692
Asc
Shear Calculations
Pt provided 0.757 .=(Ast*100)/(b*d)
Pc provided .=(Asc*100)/(b*d)
3.068 .=(0.8*fck)/(6.89*Pt)
Shear Capacity of Concrete (Vs) 63 .=c*b*d
Shear Stg to be caried by Stirrup (Vus) 137 .=Vu-Vs
Spacing
actual req 150 .=(Asv*0.87fy*d)/Vus
min 454 .=(Asv*0.87fy)/(b*0.4)
max 423 .=0.75d
max 300 .=300mm
p
r
o
v
i
d
e

t
h
e

l
e
a
s
t

o
f

t
h
e

4
Design Loads
Load Pu 2000 KN
Moment Mu 20 KN-m
Column Data
width b 200 mm
depth d 200 mm
length l 3.00 meters
Grade
Concrete fck 20 MPa
Steel fy 415 MPa
Pu/(fckbd) 2.50
Mu/(fckbd
2
) 0.01 ex
d'/d 0.05 ey
Refer Chart 31 of SP 16, Page no: 116
pt/fck 0.18
pt 3.60%
Ast 1440 sqmm
Number of bars
dia nos ast
25 mm 4 1963 sqmm

4- 25#
20 mm 4 1257 sqmm 4- 20#
20 mm 4 1257 sqmm

4- 20#
Total 12 4477 sqmm
1.27 mm
Minimum eccentricity
OK
OK 1.27 mm
Column Design
Steel provided OK
Pu/(fckbdl) Mu/(fckbdl
2
) d'/d
1 - - C1 R 1500 KN 30 KN-m 30 KN-m 200 mm 750 mm 750 mm 50 mm 3.60 m 20 MPa 415 MPa 0.50 0.01 0.1 0.02 0.40% 600 sqmm
Ast less than
min Ast req.
1200 sqmm 4 12 mm 452 sqmm 2 12 mm 226 sqmm 6 679 sqmm
Steel
provided
NOT OK
Check
Sl
No.
Grade Moment Column Data
Grid
No
Type 1 Type 2 Total Reinf Provided
Load
Column Design
Fig Ast Req Remark
Final Ast
Required
Col
Shape
Design
Paramenters
Area of Steel Design Constants
Col Nos.
Col
type
10/2/2014 Page 4 of 42
Slab thickness t 150 mm Sunken Depth 325 mm
Concrete fck 20 MPa
Steel fy 415 MPa
Loading
Slab Load Sunken Slab Load
Dead Load DL 3.750 KN/m Dead Load DL 3.750 KN/m
Live Load LL 2.000 KN/m Filler Load FL 5 KN/m
Finishes Load WL 1.000 KN/m Live Load LL 3.0 KN/m
Total Load Ws 6.750 KN/m Finishes Load WL 1.0 KN/m
Factored Load Wsu 10 KN/m Total Load Wsk 12.37 KN/m
Factored Load Wsku 19 KN/m
Slab Data
Slab Type Regular
Load 10 KN/m
Longer Span (ly) 9.50 m ly/lx ratio 2.02
Shorter Span (lx) 4.70 m Slab type
-
Loading on edges one way two way
W
longer
24 KN/m .=w*lx/2 .=(w*lx/2) + (1-(1/3)*(lx/ly)
2
)
W
shorter .=w*lx/3
Moments one way two way
Mx 28 KN-m
.=w*lx
2
/ 8 .=x * w*lx
2
.=y * w*lx
2
Thickness Check OK .=Mulim > Mux or Muy
Deflection 10 mm .= 5*W*l
4
/(384EI)
Astx Refer Chart 4 SP 16 pg 21 or
667 sqmm Refer Table 5-44 SP 16 pg 51-80
Spacing required in mm
x y x y x y x x
75 c/c 118 c/c 170 c/c 301 c/c
.=ast of bar*1000/ast req
8# 10# 12# 16#
Area of Steel
Slab Design
Final Ast
provided
x y
Design Calculations
ONE WAY TWO WAY
a 0.75 .=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck)
2
a 0.75 .=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck)
2
b -3.611 .=(0.87/100) * (fy) b -3.611 .=(0.87/100) * (fy)
cx 1.654 .=Mu/bd
2
cy #VALUE! .=Mu/bd
2
-px 0.513 .=-(b (b
2
-4ac))/2a -py #VALUE! .=-(b (b
2
-4ac))/2a
Ast 667 .=(p*b*d)/100 Ast #VALUE! .=(p*b*d)/100
Min Ast % mm
2
0.12 180
1 0.056
ly/lx x y
1.1 0.064
lower
value
upper
value
exact
value
lower
value
upper
value
interptn.
value 1.2 0.072
FALSE FALSE 2.02 #N/A #N/A #N/A 0.056 1.3 0.079
1.4 0.085
1.5 0.089
2 0.107
xumax 62 .= (700/(1100 * (0.87 * fy)) * d
Mulim 47 KN-m .= 0.36*fck*b*xumax*(d-(0.42*xumax))
Mulim/bd
2
2.76
Mux/bd
2
1.65
Muy/bd
2
#VALUE!
E 2.24E+07
I 2.81E-04 .= bd
3
/12
Defln 10.23
.= 5*W*l
4
/(384EI)
T
a
b
l
e

2
6

I
S

4
5
6

p
g

9
1
Interpolation
Slab thickness t
Concrete fck
Steel fy Sunken Depth 450 mm
Loading
Slab Load Sunken Slab Load
Dead Load DL Dead Load DL 3.75 KN/m
Live Load LL Filler Load FL 6.39 KN/m
Floor Finish FF Live Load LL 3.00 KN/m
Other Load OL Floor Finish Load WL 1.00 KN/m
Total Load Ws Total Load Wsk 14.14 KN/m
Factored Load Wsu Factored Load Wsku 21 KN/m
Design & Reinforcement Details of Slabs
Slab Data
Load
Longer
Span
Shorter
Span
Wsu / Wsku ly lx Wlonger Wshorter Mx Astx x y x y x y x y
1 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 7.20 m 3.00 m 2.40
-
18 KN/m 14 KN-m OK 302 sqmm 166 c/c 260 c/c 374 c/c
-
1a Regular 150 mm 12 KN 7.20 m 3.50 m 2.06
-
21 KN/m 18 KN-m OK 420 sqmm 120 c/c 187 c/c 269 c/c
-
2 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 9.20 m 1.50 m 6.13
-
9 KN/m 3 KN-m OK 180 sqmm 279 c/c 436 c/c 628 c/c
-
3 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 5.70 m 2.00 m 2.85
-
12 KN/m 6 KN-m OK 180 sqmm 279 c/c 436 c/c 628 c/c
-
4 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 3.60 m 2.00 m 1.80
+
11 KN/m 8 KN/m 5 KN-m 3 KN-m OK 180 sqmm 180 sqmm 279 c/c 279 c/c 436 c/c 436 c/c 628 c/c 628 c/c
+
5 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 15.00 m 2.60 m 5.77
-
16 KN/m 10 KN-m OK 224 sqmm 224 c/c 350 c/c 505 c/c
-
6 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 6.50 m 5.50 m 1.18
+
25 KN/m 22 KN/m 26 KN-m 20 KN-m OK 604 sqmm 468 sqmm 83 c/c 107 c/c 130 c/c 168 c/c 187 c/c 242 c/c
+
7 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 7.40 m 6.00 m 1.23
+
28 KN/m 24 KN/m 32 KN-m 24 KN-m OK 782 sqmm 567 sqmm 64 c/c 89 c/c 100 c/c 139 c/c 145 c/c 199 c/c
+
8 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 8.30 m 2.40 m 3.46
-
14 KN/m 9 KN-m OK 190 sqmm 265 c/c 414 c/c 596 c/c
-
9 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 6.70 m 3.70 m 1.81
+
20 KN/m 15 KN/m 17 KN-m 9 KN-m OK 379 sqmm 203 sqmm 133 c/c 248 c/c 207 c/c 388 c/c 298 c/c 558 c/c
+
10 Sunken 150 mm 21 KN 6.50 m 5.00 m 1.30
+
42 KN/m 35 KN/m 41 KN-m 29 KN-m OK 1066 sqmm 706 sqmm 47 c/c 71 c/c 74 c/c 111 c/c 106 c/c 160 c/c
+
11 Sunken 150 mm 21 KN 5.80 m 4.80 m 1.21
+
39 KN/m 34 KN/m 35 KN-m 27 KN-m OK 869 sqmm 644 sqmm 58 c/c 78 c/c 90 c/c 122 c/c 130 c/c 176 c/c
+
150 mm
20 MPa
415 MPa
3.75 KN/m
3.00 KN/m
1.00 KN/m
0.00 KN/m
7.75 KN/m
12 KN/m
ly/lx
S
l
a
b

t
y
p
e
Loading on edges Moments Thickness
Check
Area of Steel
Spacing required in mm
Spacing provided in
mm c/c
S
l
a
b

t
y
p
e
S
l
a
b

N
a
m
e
Sl.No Sl. Id Thickness
8# 10# 12#
x y M
x
M
y
M
xy
Q
x
Q
y
0 0 0 0 9 0 0
1.5 0 0 0 9 0 15
3 0 0 0 7 0 27
4.5 0 0 0 4 0 36
6 0 0 0 0 0 39
7.5 0 0 0 -4 0 36
9 0 0 0 -7 0 27
10.5 0 0 0 -9 0 15
12 0 0 0 -9 0 0
0 1.5 0 0 9 15 0
1.5 1.5 20 20 8 14 14
3 1.5 38 38 6 10 25
4.5 1.5 49 49 3 6 33
6 1.5 53 53 0 0 36
7.5 1.5 49 49 -3 -6 33
9 1.5 38 38 -6 -10 25
10.5 1.5 20 20 -8 -14 14
12 1.5 0 0 -9 -15 0
0 3 0 0 7 27 0
1.5 3 38 38 6 25 10
3 3 69 69 5 19 19
4.5 3 91 91 3 10 25
6 3 98 98 0 0 27
7.5 3 91 91 -3 -10 25
9 3 69 69 -5 -19 19
10.5 3 38 38 -6 -25 10
12 3 0 0 -7 -27 0
0 4.5 0 0 4 36 0
1.5 4.5 49 49 3 33 6
3 4.5 91 91 3 25 10
4.5 4.5 118 118 1 14 14
6 4.5 128 128 0 0 15
7.5 4.5 118 118 -1 -14 14
9 4.5 91 91 -3 -25 10
10.5 4.5 49 49 -3 -33 6
12 4.5 0 0 -4 -36 0
0 6 0 0 0 39 0
1.5 6 53 53 0 36 0
3 6 98 98 0 27 0
4.5 6 128 128 0 15 0
6 6 139 139 0 0 0
7.5 6 128 128 0 -15 0
9 6 98 98 0 -27 0
10.5 6 53 53 0 -36 0
12 6 0 0 0 -39 0
0 7.5 0 0 -4 36 0
1.5 7.5 49 49 -3 33 -6
3 7.5 91 91 -3 25 -10
4.5 7.5 118 118 -1 14 -14
6 7.5 128 128 0 0 -15
7.5 7.5 118 118 1 -14 -14
9 7.5 91 91 3 -25 -10
10.5 7.5 49 49 3 -33 -6
12 7.5 0 0 4 -36 0
0 9 0 0 -7 27 0
1.5 9 38 38 -6 25 -10
3 9 69 69 -5 19 -19
4.5 9 91 91 -3 10 -25
6 9 98 98 0 0 -27
7.5 9 91 91 3 -10 -25
9 9 69 69 5 -19 -19
10.5 9 38 38 6 -25 -10
12 9 0 0 7 -27 0
0 10.5 0 0 -9 15 0
1.5 10.5 20 20 -8 14 -14
3 10.5 38 38 -6 10 -25
4.5 10.5 49 49 -3 6 -33
6 10.5 53 53 0 0 -36
7.5 10.5 49 49 3 -6 -33
9 10.5 38 38 6 -10 -25
10.5 10.5 20 20 8 -14 -14
12 10.5 0 0 9 -15 0
0 12 0 0 -9 0 0
1.5 12 0 0 -9 0 -15
3 12 0 0 -7 0 -27
4.5 12 0 0 -4 0 -36
6 12 0 0 0 0 -39
7.5 12 0 0 4 0 -36
9 12 0 0 7 0 -27
10.5 12 0 0 9 0 -15
12 12 0 0 9 0 0
M
a
r
kLocation (meters) Moments (KNm)
Values of Moments and Shear force at different locations
Shear (KN)
Data
Effective Span (l) 3.00 mm
Riser (R) 150 mm
Thread (T) 300 mm
Waist Slab thickness (t) 150 mm
Clear Cover 15 mm
Effective Depth of Waist Slab (d) 135 mm
Grade of Concrete (fck) 20 MPa
Grade of Steel (fy) 415 MPa
Loading
Loads on going Loads on waist slab
Self weight of waist slab 4.19 KN/m Self weight of landing slab 3.75 KN/m
Self weight of steps 1.88 KN/m Live Load 2.00 KN/m
Live Load 3.00 KN/m Floor Finish Load 1.00 KN/m
Floor Finish Load 1.00 KN/m Total Load 6.75 KN/m
Total Load 10.07 KN/m Factored Load 10.13 KN/m
Factored Load 15.10 KN/m
Bending Moment
Bending Moment = 17 KN-m
Reaction
to be used as UDL = 23 KN
60 KN-m
Area of Main Steel
Ast 370 sqmm
Spacing
Diameter of bar 12 16
Spacing across x 306 c/c 544 c/c
Provded Main Steel:
Area of Distribution Steel
Ast 180 sqmm
Spacing
Diameter of bar 8 10
Spacing across y 279 c/c 436 c/c
Provided Distridution Steel:
Staircase Design
Calculate Bending Moment using the equation (W*L*L )/8
Staircase Design
Seismic Zone II Table 2 IS 1893 2002 pg 16
Seismic Intensity z 0.1
Importance factor I 1.5 Table 6 IS 1893 2002 pg 18
Response Reduction Factor R 3 Table 7 IS 1893 2002 pg 23
Lateral Dimension of Building d 65.6 meters
Height of the of Building h 50.4 meters
Fundamental Natural Period T
a
0.560
Type of Soil
Spectral Acceleration Coefficient S
a
/g 2.428
Design Horizontal Seismic Coefficient A
h
0.06071
Seismic Weight of Building W 680034 KN
Design Seismic Base Shear V
B
41284.63 KN
Medium Soil
with brick infill
1 Footing Size Design
Load 1 Pu1 2000 KN
Load 2 Pu2 1850 KN
Combine load Pcu 3850 KN
Design Load Pc 2823 KN
Moment in x dir Mux 40 KN-m
Moment in y dir Muy 40 KN-m
c/c dist b/w col in x dir 2.725 meters
c/c dist b/w col in y dir 0.000 meters
Col Dim x dir 0.20 meters
y dir 0.20 meters
SBC q 150 KNm2
Footing Size required A req 18.82 sqmm
L 6.00 meters
B 3.20 meters
Area Provided A prvd 19.20 meters
x bar 1.309
y bar 0.000
Zx 10.24
Zx 19.20
Nup 151 KNm2
Combined Footing
Footing Size Provided
Increase the Footing Size
2 Beam Design
Total Load W 151 KNm2
Factored Load Wu 725 KNm2
1.691 meters 2.725 meters 1.584 meters
3.20 meters
6.00 meters
725 KNm2
1.69 meters 2.73 meters 1.58 meters
Beam Size width 600 mm
depth 900 mm
Moment Mb 898 KN-m
Design the beam from the BEAM DESIGN SHEET
Bottom Reinforcement
Type Bar dia Nos Area of Steel
Layer 1 25 mm 6 2945 sqmm
Layer 2 25 mm 6 2945 sqmm
Layer 3 -
5890 sqmm
1.148 %
Top Reinforcement
Type Bar dia Nos Area of Steel
Layer 1 25 mm 6 2945 sqmm
Layer 2 20 mm 6 1885 sqmm
Layer 3 -
4830 sqmm
Total Steel Provided
Percentage of Steel
Total Steel Provided
3 Slab Design
Net upward pressure Nup 151 KNm2
l 1.30 meters /=width of footing from col face
Bending Moment Ms 128 KN-m M=Nup*l
2
/2
Factored Moment Mus 191 KN-m 1.5*Ms
Concrete fck 20 MPa
Steel fy 415 MPa
Minimum Depth Required dmin 264 d=sqrt(Ms/Rumax*1000*b)
Depth Provided D 600 mm
Clear Cover c 50 mm
Effective Cover d' 56 mm
Effective Depth d' 544 mm
12# 16# 20#
1014 sqmm 112 c/c 198 c/c 310 c/c
Ast across x direction 12 mm dia @ 100 mm c/c 1131 sqmm
Dist Ast across y direction 8 mm dia @ 175 mm c/c 287 sqmm
4
Vu1 171 KN
v 0.315 MPa
c 0.316 MPa
Shear Check for Slab
Shear Check OK
Spacing c/c in mm
Area of Steel across x dir
5
6.00 meters
3.20 meters 600 mm
1.7 meters 2.73 meters 1.6 meters
6 - 25 mm dia
6 - 20 mm dia 6 - 25 mm dia
6 - 25 mm dia
8 mm dia @ 175 mm c/c 12 mm dia @ 100 mm c/c
6 - 25 mm dia
6 - 20 mm dia
6 - 25 mm dia
6 - 25 mm dia
6
0
0

m
m
9
0
0

m
m
600 mm
250 mm
Design Of Isolated Footing 16 of 42
1 Footing Size Design
Load Pu 1500 KN
Design Load P 1100 KN
Moment in x dir Mux 30 KN-m
Moment in y dir Muy 30 KN-m
Column size cx 450 mm
cy 450 mm
SBC q 150 KN/sqm
Footing Size required A req 7.33 sqmm
L 3.30 meters
B 2.40 meters
Area Provided A prvd 7.92 meters
Zx 3.17
Zx 4.36
Net upward pressure Nup 150 KNm2
2 Slab Design
lx 1.425
ly 0.975
Bending Moment in x dir Mx 228 KN-m
Bending Moment in y dir My 107 KN-m
Concrete fck 20 MPa
Steel fy 415 MPa
Minimum Depth Required dmin 288
Depth Provided D 650 mm
Clear Cover c 50 mm
Effective Cover d' 58 mm
Effective Depth d' 592 mm
12# 16# 20#
1111 sqmm 102 c/c 181 c/c 283 c/c
710 sqmm 159 c/c 283 c/c 442 c/c
Ast across x direction 16 mm dia @ 125 mm c/c
Ast across y direction 16 mm dia @ 125 mm c/c
Footing Size OK
Footing Size Provided
Area of Steel
Spacing c/c in mm
Minimum Ast required across y direcion
1608 sqmm
1608 sqmm
Design Of Isolated Footing 17 of 42
3
Vu1 449 KN
v 0.316 MPa
c 0.317 MPa
Vc1
451 KN
4 One Way Shear along y direction
Vu1 284 KN
v 0.145 MPa
c 0.260 MPa
Vc1 508 KN
5 Two Way Shear
Vu2 1536 KN
v 0.622 MPa
ks*c 1.118 MPa
Vc1 2759 KN
One Way Shear Check OK
One Way Shear along x direction
One Way Shear Check OK
Two Way Shear Check OK
Design Of Isolated Footing 18 of 42
L= 3.30 meters
450
B= 2.40 meters
4
5
0
16 mm dia @ 125 mm c/c 16 mm dia @ 125 mm c/c
250 mm
6
5
0

m
m
Dimensions of Dome
Diameter d = 12600 mm
Height h = 3000 mm
Thickness t = 150 mm
Radius of Sphere r = 8115 mm
= 50.93
= 0 to 50.93
Loading d = 12.60 m
Dead Load DL = 3.75 KN/m
Live Load
LL = 0.10 KN/m 50.93
r = 8.12 m
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
Dome Design
Wind Load WL = 0.10 KN/m
Total Load W = 3.95 KN/m
Factored Load Wu = 5.93 KN/m
Meridional Stress Hoop Stress
Mt Mt
50.93 0.197 MPa 50.93 0.003 MPa
45.00 0.188 MPa 45.00 0.025 MPa
40.00 0.182 MPa 40.00 0.041 MPa
35.00 0.176 MPa 35.00 0.055 MPa
30.00 0.172 MPa 30.00 0.067 MPa
25.00 0.168 MPa 25.00 0.077 MPa
20.00 0.165 MPa 20.00 0.086 MPa
15.00 0.163 MPa 15.00 0.093 MPa
5.00 0.161 MPa 5.00 0.100 MPa
0.00 0.160 MPa 0.00 0.101 MPa
Maximum Meridional Stress 0.197 MPa Maximum Hoop Stress 0.101 MPa
fck 20 MPa
Fy 415 MPa
st 230.00
Area of steel 128 sqmm Area of steel 66 sqmm
Bar Dia 10 mm Bar Dia 10 mm
Spacing 613 c/c Spacing 1187 c/c
Meridional Thrust @ Base 29 KN/m
Horizontal Component on Ring Beam 19 KN/m
Hoop Tension on Ring Beam 117 KN
Area of steel 509 sqmm
Bar Dia 16 mm
No of Bars 3 nos
Dome Design
19.7 KNm2
Dimensions of Dome
Diameter d = 12600 mm
Height h = 5000 mm
Radius of Sphere r = 6469 mm
= 76.87
= 0 to 76.87
Loading
Dead Load DL = 3.00 KN/m
Live Load
LL = 0.10 KN/m
3 Hinged Arch Design
Other Load OL = 10.00 KN/m
Total Load W = 13 KN/m
Factored Load Wu = 20 KN/m
Vertical Reaction VA = VB = 123.8 KN
Horizontal Reaction HA = HB = 234.0 KN
x y Moment
76.87 0.00 0.00 0
75.00 0.05 0.21 -42
60.00 0.70 1.77 -331
50.00 1.34 2.69 -481
40.00 2.14 3.49 -596
30.00 3.07 4.13 -680
20.00 4.09 4.61 -737
10.00 5.18 4.90 -769
5.00 5.74 4.98 -777
0.00 6.30 5.00 -780
780 KN-m Max Values
d = 12.60 m
76.87
r = 6.47 m
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
3 Hinged Arch Design
Radial Shear Normal Thrust 0 67 174
67 174 42 59 180
59 180 331 10 224
-10 224 481 56 245
-56 245 596 100 259
-100 259 680 141 265
-141 265 737 178 262
-178 262 769 209 252
-209 252 777 222 244
-222 244 780 234 234
-234 234
234 KN 265 KN
Dimensions of Ring Beam
Radius r = 6.30 mts
No of supports n = 8 nos
Constants = 23 deg 0.3927 radians

m
= 9 1/2 0.1658 radians
C1 = 0.066
C2 = 0.03
C3 = 0.005
Loading
Wu = 10 KN/m
F

M
M
m
t
Shear Force
Bending
Moment
Torsional
Moment
deg KN KN-m KN-m
0 24.74 -20.62 0.00
9 1/2 14.29 -0.05 1.57
22 1/2 0.00 10.39 0.00
Beam Data
width 300 mm
depth 600 mm
Equivalent Shear
Ve = V+1.6(T/b) = 33 KN
T=M

Equivalent Moment
Mt = T((1+D/b)/1.7) = 1 KN-m
M
e1
= M+Mt = 22 KN-m
M
e2
= M-Mt = 20 KN-m
Circular Beam
M
e1
= Equivalent BM on tension side
M
e2
= Equivalent BM on compression side

Mt = BM due to torsion
A Load 2700
Moment x-dir y-dir
Bottom 0 29
Top 6 137
Col Type
x-dir y-dir
Unsupported Length 8250 8250
Col Size 200 900
d'/D 0.05 0.20
d'
Concrete 20
Steel 415
D
Effective Length Ratio
0.80 from IS Code
0.90 manual Calculation
Effective Length to be considered from
Effective Length (le) lex Ley
7425 7425
E Slenderness Ratio
le/D 8
le/b 37
Moment due to Slen Muax 0
Muay 372
Min Ecc ex 46.5
ey 23.2
Moment due to ecc Mux 125.55
Muy 62.55
G Reduction of Moments
Percentage assumed 2.18
Asc 3924
Puz 2841
k1 K2 Pb
x-x 0.219 0.096 367
y-y 0.184 -0.022 291
Kx 0.06
Ky 0.06
Additional Moments due to ecc Max 0
May 21
Modified Initial Moments Mux 3.6
Muy 70.6
Summary of Moments
A Moment due to eccentricity + Modified additional moments
Mux 126
Muy 83
B Modified initial moments + Modified additional moments
Mux 4
Muy 91
C 0.4Muz + Modified additional moments
Mux 0
Muy 32
Final Design Loads
Pu 2700
Mux 126
Muy 91
Rectangular Column (reinf. on 2 sides)
40
Manual Calculation
Short Column
Slender Column
Pu = 2400 KN
Mux = 192 KN-m
Muy = 517 KN-m
b = 600 mm
D = 750 mm
d' = 40.0 mm
d'/D = 0.10
d'/b = 0.10
fck = 20 MPa
fy = 415 MPa
Steel % pt = 1.2
pt/fck = 0.06
Pu/fck*b*D = 0.27
Mux/fck*b*D
2
= 0.11
Muy/fck*b*D
2
= 0.11
Puz = 5682
Mux
1
= 743
Muy
1
= 594
Pu/Puz = 0.42
Mux/Mux
1
= 0.26
Muy/Muy
1
= 0.87

n
= 1.37
(Mux/Mux
1
)
n
+(Muy/Muy
1
)
n
0.98
nos dia ast
Type 1 4 20 mm 1257 sqmm
Type 2 8 16 mm 1608 sqmm
Total Steel 12 - 2865 sqmm
Percentage
Bi-Axial Column
Steel Details
0.64%
Steel Percentage OK
Col Data
Design Loads
Material Grades
Design Constants
Ast =5400 sqmm
Min Ast =3600 sqmm
Simply supported beam
with UDL
Simply supported beam
with Point Load
Load W 8 KN/m 70 KN/m
Length l 2.60 m 3.00 m
Elasticity of Concrete
= 5000(fck)
Ec 22000000 MPa 22000000 MPa
Width b 0.20 m 0.20 m
Depth d 0.45 m 0.60 m
Moment M 8.66 m 82.13 m
Reaction R 13.33 m 109.50 m
Moment of Inertia =
bd
3
/12
Ixx 0.0015 mm4 0.0036 mm4
Deflection 0.1 mm 0.5 mm
Formula 5Wl
4
/384EI Wl
3
/48EI
dy
Deflection Calculation
Cantilever beam
with UDL
Cantilever beam
with Point Load
1400 KN/m 10 KN/m
3.80 m 5.00 m
22000000 MPa 22000000 MPa
1.50 m 0.20 m
1.10 m 0.60 m
2601.46 m 40.63 m
2738.38 m 32.50 m
0.1664 mm4 0.0036 mm4
10.0 mm 5.3 mm
Wl
4
/8EI Wl
3
/3EI
Deflection Calculation
1
i) h 3.00 meters
ii)
s 18 KN/cum
iii) q
o 250 KN/sqm
30 degrees
0.524 radians
0 degrees
0.000 radians
vi) 0.5
vii) W
s 4 KN/sqm
2
3
Proposed Adopted
i) Thickness of Stem - 0.20 meters
ii) Thickness of footing base slab 0.24 meters 0.30 meters
Length of base slab 1.61 meters
or 2.09 meters
iv) Extra Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge 0.22 meters
v) Total Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge 3.22 meters
vi) Extra Height of RW due to inclined back fill 0.00 meters
vii) Total Height of RW due to inclined back fill 3.00 meters
viii) Design Height of RW considered H = Max of H
1
& H
2 3.22 meters
4
i) 4 KN
ii) 27 KN
iii) 31 KN
iv) 33 KNm
v) Moment
W
1 Backfill Load = (L-ts)*(h-tb)*s 87 KN
(L-t
s
) / 2
0.90 meters 79 KNm
W
2 Surcharge Load = Ca*Ws*h 4 KN
(L-t
s
) / 2
0.90 meters 4 KNm
W
3 Inclined Backfill Load = ((L-ts)*hi)/2*s 0 KN
(L-t
s
) / 3
0.60 meters 0 KNm
W
4 Stem self weight = ts*(h-tb)*conc 14 KN
(L- (t
s
/2))/2
0.95 meters 13 KNm
W
5 Base self weight = L*tb*conc 15 KN L / 2 1.00 meters 15 KNm
W
6 Downward component = Pa*sin 0 KN 0 KNm
W
6 Other Load 0 KNm
120 KN 110 KNm
vi) x
w
=Mw/W 0.92 meters
vii) 130 KNm
Factor of Safety against OVERTURNING
(FS)
OT
= 0.9 * (Mr/Mo) 3.54 > 1.4
5
i) Pa*Cos 31 KN
ii) F = *W 60 KN
(FS)
SL
=0.9*(F/(Pa*Cos)) 1.74 > 1.4
iv) Shear key Design
0.00 meters
0.00 meters
b) Distance from stem 0.00 meters
c) Heigth of exacavation 0.00 meters
d) Heigth of exacavation 0.00 meters
e) Passive Pressure 0 KN
Revised Factor of Safety against SLIDING
(FS)
sliding
= 0.9 * ((F+Pp)/(Pa*Cos)) 1.74 > 1.4
6
i) Resultant Vertical Reaction 120 KN
ii) Distance of R from heel 1.19 meters
iii) Eccentricity 0.19 meters
iv) Pressure Distridution on soil q
max
= R/L * (1+(6*e/L)) 95 KN/sqm
q
min
= R/L * (1-(6*e/L)) 25 KN/sqm
v)
Pressure at junction of stem and
heel
q
sh
=q
max
-((q
max
-q
min
)/L)*t
s
) 88 KN/sqm
= (1+Sin) / (1+Sin)
t
b
= 0.08 * (h + h
s
)
3.00
a)
iii)
y
Lr = (Mw+Mo)/R
P
a2
= C
a
*
s
*h
2
/ 2
z
Lever arm from end of stem
M
w
viii)
Load
Factor of Safety against SLIDING
W
Coefficient of friction
e = Lr- L/2
Eccentricity lies within middle third of the base hence OK
Max Pressure qmax<SBC hence pressure on base is OK
Ca
v)
Surcharge Angle
Safe against Sliding
Soil Pressures at footing base
W = R
Safe against Sliding
L = 0.6h to 0.65h
Overturning Moment
Soil Density
2.00 meters
Distance of Resultant Vertical Force from end of heel
Mr =W * (L - x
w
) Stabilizing Moment
Safe against Overturning
h
s
= W
s
/
s
0.333
Shear Key not required
SBC
Angle of repose
H
i
= h+h
i
DESIGN OF RETAINING WALL
Preliminary Data
iv)
v)
t
s

Height of RW
Surcharge Load
Preliminary Dimensions
h
i
= (L-t
s
)* tan
H
s
= h+h
s
Cp
Pressure Coefficients
Active Pressure Coefficients
=(cos-(cos2-cos2)*cos) / (cos+(cos2-
cos2))
i)
Mo= (P
a1
* h/2) +(( P
a2
*Cos)* h/3)
P
a
= P
a1
+ P
a2
P
a1
= C
a
*W
s
*h
ii)
Stability against Sliding
Passive Pressure Coefficients
iii)
Active pressure due Surcharge Load
Active pressure due Backfill Load
Total Load on stem
h
1
h
2
= h
1
+

y + (z * tan)
Sliding Force
Shear Key Size
Pp = Cp*
s
*(h
1
2
-h
2
2
) / 2
L = 1.5 * (Ca/3) * (h + hs)
Resisting Force
Stability against Overturning
x
1 Preliminary Data
i) Height of Retaining Wall h 3.60 meters
ii) Soil Density
s 18 KN/cum
iii) SBC q
o 150 KN/sqm
iv) Angle of repose 30 degrees
0.524 radians
v) Surcharge Angle 0 degrees
0.000 radians
vi) Coefficient of friction 0.5
vii) Surcharge Load W
s 2 KN/sqm
2 Pressure Coefficients
i) Active Pressure Coefficients Ca 0.333
=(cos-(cos2-cos2)*cos) /
(cos+(cos2-cos2))
ii) Passive Pressure Coefficients Cp 3.00
= (1+Sin) / (1+Sin)
3 Preliminary Dimensions
Proposed Adopted
i) Thickness of Stem t
s min 200mm 0.20 meters
ii) Thickness of footing base slab t
b
= 0.08 * (h + h
s
) 0.29 meters 0.25 meters
iii) Length of base slab L = 1.5 * (Ca/3) * (h + hs) 1.86 meters
L = 0.6h to 0.65h 2.41 meters
iv) Extra Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge h
s
= W
s
/
s 0.11 meters
v) Total Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge H
s
= h+h
s 3.71 meters
vi) Extra Height of RW due to inclined back fill h
i
= (L-t
s
)* tan 0.00 meters
vii) Total Height of RW due to inclined back fill H
i
= h+h
i 3.60 meters
viii) Design Height of RW considered H = Max of H
1
& H
2 3.71 meters
4 Stability against Overturning
i) P
HS
= C
a
*W
s
*h 2 KN
ii) P
H
= C
a
*
s
*h
2
/ 2 41 KN
iii) P
a
= P
HS
+ P
H 44 KN
iv) M
OIL
=

P
HS
*h/2 5 KN
v) M
ODL
=

P
H
*h/3 51 KN
vi) Mo = (1.2*M
DIL
) + (1.4*M
OIL
) 68 KN
v) Load Moment
W
1 Backfill Load = (L-ts)*(h-tb)*s 143 KN
((L-t
s
) / 2) + ts
1.35 meters 193 KNm
W
2 Inclined Backfill Load = ((L-ts)*hi)/2*s 0 KN
((L-t
s
) / 3) + ts
0.97 meters 0 KNm
W
3 Stem self weight = ts*(h-tb)*conc 17 KN
t
s
/ 2
0.10 meters 2 KNm
W
4 Base self weight = L*tb*conc 16 KN L / 2 1.25 meters 20 KNm
W 176 KN M
w 215 KNm
viii) Mw not less than (1.2*M
ODL
) +(1.4*M
OIL
) Safe against Overturning
-clause 20.1 page 33 of IS 456 2000
5 Stability against Sliding
i) Sliding Force Pa = P
HS
+ P
H 44 KN
ii) Resisting Force F = *W 88 KN
iii) (FS)
SL
= (0.9*F)/(Pa) 1.81 > 1.4 Safe against Sliding
-clause 20.2 page 33 of IS 456 2000
6 Soil Pressures at footing base
i) Net Moment at toe Mn = Mw - Mo 159 KN
ii) Point of application of Resultant R x = Mn/W 0.90 meters
iii) Eccentricity e = (L/2) - x 0.35 meters L/6= 0.42
iv) Pressure Distridution on soil q
max
= W/L * (1+(6*e/L)) 129 KN/sqm
q
min
= W/L * (1-(6*e/L)) 12 KN/sqm
v)
Pressure at junction of stem and
heel
q
sh
=q
max
-((q
max
-q
min
)/L)*t
s
) 120 KN/sqm
DESIGN OF L Shaped Cantilever RETAINING WALL
Overturning Moment due to Backfill load
2.50 meters
e<L6 Eccentricity lies within middle third of the base hence OK
Max Pressure qmax<SBC hence pressure on base is OK
Lever arm at end of stem
Active pressure due Surcharge Load
Active pressure due Backfill Load
Total Load on stem (Force)
Overturning Moment due to Imposed load
Overturning Moment
7 Constants for Working Stress Method
Design Constants
i) Grade of concrete 20 MPa
ii) Grade of steel 415 MPa
iii) Compr stress in concrete c 7.0 table 21 page 81 IS 456
iv) Tensile stress in steel t 230
v) Modular ratio m = 280/3c 13.33
vi) Neutral axis depth factor k=mc/(mc+t) 0.289
vii) Lever arm j = 1 - k/3 0.904
viii) Factor R= cjk / 2 0.913
8 Design
A) Stem
i) Beanding Moment at base of stem M = M
ODL
+ M
OIL 56 KN/m
ii) Thickness required d
req
=(M
s
/(R*b)
0.01 meters
iii) Thickness provided ts 0.20 meters
iv) Ast required A
st
= M/(t*j*t
se
) 1914 sqmm
v) Ast provided 16 mm dia @ 105 mm c/c 1915 sqmm
vi) Percentage of Steel p
t
= A
st
/(b*d) 1.37 %
B) Base Slab
Force Moment
i) Force due to backfill+surcharge = (H
2
-t
b
)*(L-ts)*s 143 (L-t
s
) / 2
1.15 meters 165 KNm
ii) Force due to inclined backfill = h
i
/2*(L-ts)*s 0 (L-t
s
) / 3 0.77 meters 0 KNm
iii) Self Weight of base slab =L *tb*
conc 16 L / 2 1.25 meters 20 KNm
159 Md 184 KNm
vi) Upward soil pressure Nup = ((q
sh
+q
min
)/2)*(L-ts) 151 0.83 meters 126 KNm
Mu 126 KNm
v) Bending Moment Msh = Mu-Md 58
vi) Thickness required d
req
=(M
s
/(R*b)
0.25 meters
vii) Thickness provided ts 0.25 meters
viii) Ast required A
st
= M/(t*j*t
se
) 1440 sqmm
ix) Ast provided 16 mm dia @ 125 mm c/c 1608 sqmm
x) Percentage of Steel p
t
= A
st
/(b*d) 0.74 %
C) Reinforcement Details
Thickness of Stem is OK
Steel OK
Thickness of Stem is OK
Steel OK
Lever arm from end of stem
Ws
Downward Pressure is greater
((q
sh
+(2*q
min
))/(q
sh
+q
min
)) *
((L-t
s
)/3)
FILL
1 Preliminary Data
i) Height of Retaining Wall h 3.00 meters
ii) Height of Plinth Fill hp 0.50 meters
iii) Soil Density
s 18 KN/cum
iv) SBC q
o 250 KN/sqm
Angle of repose 30 degrees
0.524 radians
Surcharge Angle 0 degrees
0.000 radians
vii) Coefficient of friction 0.5
vii) Surcharge Load W
s 4 KN/sqm
2 Pressure Coefficients
i) Active Pressure Coefficients Ca 0.333
=(cos-(cos2-cos2)*cos) /
(cos+(cos2-cos2))
ii) Passive Pressure Coefficients Cp 3.000
= (1+Sin) / (1+Sin)
3 Preliminary Dimensions
Proposed Adopted
i) Thickness of Stem t
s min 200mm 0.20 meters
ii) Thickness of footing base slab t
b
= 0.08 * (h + h
s
) 0.24 meters 0.45 meters
iii) Length of base slab = 1 - (q
0
/2.7*s*H) -0.60 meters
L = H*sqrt((Ca*cos)/((1-)*(1+3)) 0.00 meters
= 1 - (q
0
/2.2*s*H) -0.96 meters
L = 0.95*H*sqrt((Ca)/((1-)*(1+3)) 0.00 meters
L = 0.6h to 0.65h 2.09 meters
iv) Extra Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge h
s
= W
s
/
s 0.22 meters
v) Total Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge H
s
= h+h
s 3.22 meters
vi) Extra Height of RW due to inclined back fill h
i
= (L-t
s
)* tan 0.00 meters
vii) Total Height of RW due to inclined back fill H
i
= h+h
i 3.00 meters
viii) Design Height of RW considered H = Max of H
1
& H
2 3.22 meters
4 Stability against Overturning
i) P
HS
= C
a
*W
s
*h 4 KN
ii) P
H
= C
a
*
s
*h
2
/ 2 31 KN
iii) P
a
= P
HS
+ P
H 35 KN
iv) M
OIL
=

P
HS
*h/2 7 KN
v) M
ODL
=

P
H
*h/3 33 KN
vi) Mo = (1.2*M
DIL
) + (1.4*M
OIL
) 50 KN
v) Load Moment
W
1 Front fill Load = (L-ts)*(hp-tb)*s 2 KN
((L-t
s
) / 2)
1.13 meters 2 KNm
W
3 Stem self weight = ts*(h-tb)*conc 14 KN
(t
s
/2) + (L-t
s
)
2.35 meters 33 KNm
W
4 Base self weight = L*tb*conc 28 KN L / 2 1.23 meters 34 KNm
W
5 Other Load PT Beam Load 0 KN
43 KN 69 KNm
viii) Mw not less than (1.2*M
ODL
) +(1.4*M
OIL
) Safe against Overturning
-clause 20.1 page 33 of IS 456 2000
5 Stability against Sliding
i) Sliding Force Pa = P
HS
+ P
H 35 KN
ii) Resisting Force F = *W 22 KN
iii) (FS)
SL
= (0.9*F)/(Pa) 0.55 < 1.4 Unsafe against Sliding
-clause 20.2 page 33 of IS 456 2000
5a Shear key Design
0.30 meters
0.30 meters
b) Distance from stem 0.30 meters
c) Heigth of exacavation 0.60 meters
d) Heigth of earth mobilization 1.07 meters
e) Passive Pressure 21 KN
Revised Factor of Safety against SLIDING
(FS)
sliding
= 0.9 * ((F+Pp)/(Pa*Cos)) 1.09 > 1.4
v)
y
x
Shear Key Size
vi)
a)
DESIGN OF Reverse L Shaped Cantilever RETAINING WALL
Lever arm at start of heel
Unsafe against Sliding. Shear Key Required
v)
W
z
M
w
h
1
h
2
= h
1
+

y + (z * tan)
Pp = Cp*
s
*(h
1
2
-h
2
2
) / 2
2.45 meters
Active pressure due Surcharge Load
Overturning Moment
Overturning Moment due to Backfill load
if sloped backfill
if horizontal backfill
Active pressure due Backfill Load
Total Load on stem (Force)
Overturning Moment due to Imposed load
6 Soil Pressures at footing base
i) Net Moment at toe Mn = Mw - (M
OIL
+M
ODL
) 28 KN
ii) Point of application of Resultant R x = Mn/W 0.65 meters
iii) Eccentricity e = (L/2) - x 0.58 meters L/6= 0.41
iv) Pressure Distridution on soil q
max
= W/L * (1+(6*e/L)) 43 KN/sqm
q
min
= W/L * (1-(6*e/L)) -7 KN/sqm
v)
Pressure at junction of stem and
heel
q
sh
=q
max
-((q
max
-q
min
)/L)*t
s
) 39 KN/sqm
Max Pressure qmax<SBC hence pressure on base is OK
e>L6 Eccentricity lies outside the middle third of the base. Revise the base dimensions
7 Constants for Working Stress Method
Design Constants
i) Grade of concrete 20 MPa
ii) Grade of steel 415 MPa
iii) Compr stress in concrete c 7.0 table 21 page 81 IS 456
iv) Tensile stress in steel t 230
v) Modular ratio m = 280/3c 13.33
vi) Neutral axis depth factor k=mc/(mc+t) 0.289
vii) Lever arm j = 1 - k/3 0.904
viii) Factor R= cjk / 2 0.913
8 Design
A) Stem
i) Beanding Moment at base of stem M = M
ODL
+ M
OIL 40 KN/m
ii) Thickness required d
req
=(M
s
/(R*b)
0.01 meters
iii) Thickness provided ts 0.20 meters
iv) Ast required A
st
= M/(t*j*t
se
) 1387 sqmm
v) Ast provided 16 mm dia @ 120 mm c/c 1676 sqmm
vi) Percentage of Steel p
t
= A
st
/(b*d) 0.99 %
B) Base Slab
Force Moment
i) Force due to Frontfill = (L-ts)*(hp-tb)*
s 2 (L-t
s
) / 2
1.13 meters 2 KNm
iii) Self Weight of base slab = L* tb *
conc 28 L / 2 1.23 meters 34 KNm
Ws 30 Md 36 KNm
vi) Upward soil pressure Nup = ((q
sh
+q
min
)/2)*(L-ts) 35 0.58 meters 20 KNm
Mu 20 KNm
v) Bending Moment Msh = Mu-Md 16
vi) Thickness required d
req
=(M
s
/(R*b)
0.13 meters Thickness of Stem is OK
vii) Thickness provided ts 0.45 meters
viii) Ast required A
st
= M/(t*j*t
se
) 193 sqmm
ix) Ast provided 12 mm dia @ 150 mm c/c 754 sqmm
x) Percentage of Steel p
t
= A
st
/(b*d) 0.05 %
C) Reinforcement Details
Steel OK
Upward Pressure is greater
((q
sh
+(2*q
min
))/(q
sh
+q
min
)) *
((L-t
s
)/3)
Thickness of Stem is OK
Lever arm from end of stem
Steel OK
FILL
DESIGN OF Reverse L Shaped Cantilever RETAINING WALL
i) Grade of concrete 20 MPa
ii) Grade of steel 250 MPa
iii) Compr stress in concrete c 7.0
iv) Tensile stress in steel t 140
v) Modular ratio m = 280/3c 13.33
vi) Neutral axis depth factor k=mc/(mc+t) 0.400
vii) Lever arm j = 1 - k/3 0.867
viii) Factor R= cjk / 2 1.213
i) Height of Tank h 3.00 meters
ii) Saturated Soil Density
s
18 KN/cum
iii) Water Density
w
9.81 KN/cum
iv) Dry Soil Density
'
= - w 8.19 KN/cum
v) SBC q
o
250 KN/sqm
Angle of repose 30 degrees
0.524 radians
Active Pressure Coefficients
= (1-Sin) / (1+Sin)
A) Design of Long Walls
a)
i) 38 KN
ii) Beanding Moment at base of wall M = (pa) *H/3 38 KN/m
iii) Thickness required d
req
=(M
s
/(R*b)
0.176 meters
iv) Thickness provided ts 0.230 meters
v) Ast required
vi) Ast provided 16 mm dia @ 100 mm c/c
vii) Percentage of Steel
50 % bars to be Curtailed from base h1 = h - h*(1/2)
1/3
0.62 meters
12dia 0.19 meters
thinkness 0.23 meters
0.85 meters
ix) Ast required
b)
0.33
Active pressure pa = (Ka*'*H) + (w*H)
A
st
= M/(t*j*t
se
)
p
t
= A
st
/(b*d)
Thickness of Stem is OK
Steel OK
viii)
Total curtaliment length from base
vi)
vii) Ka
Ast provided is more than mimimun Ast required hence OK
Tank empty with pressure of saturated soil from side
Tank full with water and no earth fill outside
plus 12 dia or thickness
Design
Design Constants for Working Stress Method
A
st min
= 12 % of area
i) 29 KN
ii) Beanding Moment at base of wall M = (pa) *H/3 29 KN/m
iii) Thickness required d
req
=(M
s
/(R*b)
0.156 meters
iv) Thickness provided ts 0.230 meters
v) Ast required
vi) Ast provided 12 mm dia @ 100 mm c/c
vii) Percentage of Steel
50 % bars to be Curtailed from base h1 = h - h*(1/2)
1/3
0.62 meters
12dia 0.14 meters
thinkness 0.23 meters
0.85 meters
ix) Ast required
plus 12 dia or thickness
Total curtaliment length from base
Active pressure pa = (w*H)
Thickness of Stem is OK
A
st min
= 12 % of area
Ast provided is more than mimimun Ast required hence OK
A
st
= M/(t*j*t
se
)
p
t
= A
st
/(b*d)
Steel OK
viii)
table 21 page 81 IS 456
pa = w*l/2
1369 sqmm
2011 sqmm
0.70 %
276 sqmm
IS 456 caluse 26.2.3.1 page 44
Steel OK
Ast provided is more than mimimun Ast required hence OK
pa = w*l/2
1071 sqmm
1131 sqmm
0.55 %
276 sqmm
Ast provided is more than mimimun Ast required hence OK
Steel OK
IS 456 caluse 26.2.3.1 page 44