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AISC 360-05 Example 002 - 1
AISC 360-05 Example 002

BUILT UP WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMPRESSION
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
A demand capacity ratio is calculated for the built-up, ASTM A572 grade 50,
column shown below. An axial load of 70 kips (D) and 210 kips (L) is applied to
a simply supported column with a height of 15 ft.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING



TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
Section compactness check (compression)
Warping constant calculation, Cw
Member compression capacity with slenderness reduction

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AISC 360-05 Example 002 - 2
RESULTS COMPARISON

Independent results are hand calculated and compared with the results from
Example E.2 AISC Design Examples, Volume 13.0 on the application of the 2005
AISC Specification for Structural Steel Buildings (ANSI/AISC 360-05).

Output Parameter ETABS Independent
Percent
Difference
Compactness Slender Slender 0.00%
|cPn (kips) 506.1 506.1 0.00 %
COMPUTER FILE: AISC 360-05 EX002
CONCLUSION
The results show an exact comparison with the independent results.
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AISC 360-05 Example 002 - 3
HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material: ASTM A572 Grade 50
E = 29,000 ksi, Fy = 50 ksi

Section: Built-Up Wide Flange
d = 17.0 in, bf = 8.00 in, tf = 1.00 in, h = 15.0 in, tw = 0.250 in.
Ignoring fillet welds:

A = 2(8.00)(1.00) + (15.0)(0.250) = 19.75 in
2

3 3
3
2(1.0)(8.0) (15.0)(0.25)
85.35 in
12 12
= + =
y
I
85.4
2.08 in.
19.8
= = =
y
y
I
r
A


+ =
x x
I Ad I
2

3 3
2 4
(0.250)(15.0) 2(8.0)(1.0)
2(8.0)(8.0) 1095.65 in
12 12
= + + =
x
I
1 2
1 1
' 17 16 in
2 2
+ +
= = =
t t
d d
2 2
4
' (85.35)(16.0)
5462.583 in
4 4
-
= = =
y
w
I d
C
3 3 3
4
2(8.0)(1.0) (15.0)(0.250)
5.41 in
3 3
+
= = =

bt
J
Member:
K = 1.0 for a pinned-pinned condition
L = 15 ft

Loadings:

Pu = 1.2(70.0) + 1.6(210) = 420 kips



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PROGRAM NAME:
ETABS 2013
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AISC 360-05 Example 002 - 4
Section Compactness:
Check for slender elements using Specification Section E7
Localized Buckling for Flange:

4.0
4.0
1.0
b
t
= = =
29000
0.38 0.38 9.152
50
p
y
E
F
= = =
p
< , No localized flange buckling
Flange is Compact.

Localized Buckling for Web:
15.0
60.0
0.250
h
t
= = = ,
29000
1.49 1.49 35.9
50
r
y
E
F
= = =
r
> , Localized web buckling
Web is Slender.
Section is Slender

Member Compression Capacity:
Elastic Flexural Buckling Stress
Since the unbraced length is the same for both axes, the y-y axis will govern by
inspection.

( )
6 . 86
08 . 2
12 15 0 . 1
=
-
=
y
y
r
KL

( )
2
2
2
2
6 . 86
29000 -
=
|
.
|

\
|
=
t t
r
KL
E
F
e
= 38.18 ksi

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ETABS 2013
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AISC 360-05 Example 002 - 5
Elastic Critical Torsional Buckling Stress
Note: Torsional buckling will not govern if KLy > KLz, however, the check is included
here to illustrate the calculation.

( )
y x
z
w
e
I I
GJ
L K
EC
F
+
(

+ =
1
2
2
t

( )
2
2
29000 5462.4 1
11200 5.41
1100 85.4
180
e
F
t
(
- -
= + - (
+
(

= 91.8 ksi > 38.18 ksi

Therefore, the flexural buckling limit state controls.

Fe = 38.18 ksi

Section Reduction Factors

Since the flange is not slender,
Qs = 1.0

Since the web is slender,
For equation E7-17, take f as Fcr with Q = 1.0

( )
29000
4.71 4.71 113 86.6
1.0 50
y
y y
KL
E
QF r
= = > =

So
( ) 1.0 50
38.2
0.658 1.0 0.658 50 28.9 ksi
(
(
( = = = - =
(
( (


y
e
QF
F
cr y
f F Q F

( )
0.34
1.92 1 , where
(
= s =
(

e
E E
b t b b h
f b t f

( )
( )
29000 0.34 29000
1.92 0.250 1 15.0 in
28.9 15.0 0.250 28.9
(
= s
(

e
b
12.5 in 15.0 in = s
e
b

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AISC 360-05 Example 002 - 6
therefore compute Aeff with reduced effective web width.
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2
2 12.5 0.250 2 8.0 1.0 19.1 in = + = + =
eff e w f f
A b t b t
where Aeff is effective area based on the reduced effective width of the web, be.

19.1
0.968
19.75
eff
a
A
Q
A
= = =
( ) ( ) 1.00 0.968 0.968
s a
Q Q Q = = =

Critical Buckling Stress
Determine whether Specification Equation E7-2 or E7-3 applies

( )
29000
4.71 4.71 115.4 86.6
0.966 50
y
y y
KL
E
QF r
= = > =

Therefore, Specification Equation E7-2 applies.

When 4.71
y
E KL
QF r
>
( ) 1.0 50
38.18
0.658 0.966 0.658 50 28.47 ksi
(
(
( = = - =
(
( (


y
e
QF
F
cr y
F Q F

Nominal Compressive Strength

28.5 19.75 562.3 kips = = - =
n cr g
P F A
0.90 | =
c

( ) 0.90 562.3 506.1kips | = = =
c n cr g
P F A > 420 kips
506.1kips | =
c n
P