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# INSTRUCTIONS: Choose the best answer. Ignore air resistance, unless otherwise stated in a question.

Assume the magnitude of acceleration due to gravity near the earths surface to be constant and equal to
|g| = 9.81 m/s
2
= 32 ft/s
2
.
1. The SI unit for work is Joules (J), which is also equivalent to _____.
A. kg m
2
/s
2

B. kgm/s
2

C. kgm
2
/s
D. kg
2
m
2
/s
2

E. kgm/s
2. A 1750-kg car delivers energy to its drive wheels at the rate of 35.0 10
3
W. Neglecting air
resistance, what is the greatest speed with which it can climb a 4.50
o
slope?
A. 20.0 m/s
B. 26.1 m/s
C. 30.0 m/s
D. 34.5 m/s
E. 90.0 m/s
3. A force N k j i F

55

23

67 + + =
r
is applied to a body as it moves in a straight line from
m j i r

31

16
1
+ =
r
to m k j i r

14

10

21
2
+ + =
r
. How much work is done by the force?
A. 622 J
B. 512 J
C. 465 J
D. 310 J
E. 50 J
4. A certain amount of work is required to stretch spring A a certain distance. Twice as much work is
required to stretch spring B half that distance. Which of the following relationships describe the
spring constants k
A
and k
B
of the springs A and B respectively?
A. k
B
= 8k
A

B. k
B
= 4k
A

C. k
B
= 2k
A

D. k
B
=k
A
/8
E. k
B
=k
A
/4
5. A basketball dropped from a height of 2.40 m rebounds to a maximum height of 1.55 m. What
fraction of the balls initial mechanical energy is lost to nonconservative forces? Take the zero of the
potential energy at the floor.
A. 35%
B. 30%
C. 28%
D. 15%
E. 7

For the next two questions:
The following figure is a plot of a
potential energy vs. position of an
object (mass = 2 kg). For x = 0 to 4 m,
the plot is similar to a parabola.

6. What graph best depicts the force
F (N) versus x for the part of the
plot where x=0 to 4 m?

7. What is the final velocity of the object during the work done by the force at x = 8 to 12 m, assuming
that the potential energy at this region is solely due to conservative forces? The object is initially at
rest at x = 8 m.
A. 1.4 m/s
B. 4.9 m/s
C. 8.0 m/s
D. 16 m/s
E. 24 m/s

Correct answer is 8 m/s, none of the choices.

F
x
D
F
x
B
F
x
E
F
x
C
U
x

(J)
x (m)

4
2
-4
0
8 12
F
x
A

F

(N)
t (s)
10.0
5.00
0
For the next two questions:
The maximum speed of a pendulum bob (mass = 2 kg) in a grandfather clock is 0.55 m/s and happens
when it is vertical. The dissipative forces in the clock are negligible.
8. What is the total mechanical energy of the pendulum bob?
A. 0.30 J
B. 0.55 J
C. 0.60 J
D. 1.1 J
E. 3.3 J
9. If the pendulum makes a maximum angle of 8.0
o
with the vertical, what is the length of the
pendulum?
A. 1.6 m
B. 1.2 m
C. 0.49 m
D. 0.020 m
E. 0.012 m

10. The following is a plot of force F (N) vs. time t (s). The plot is similar
to a semicircle. Calculate the impulse from t=0 to 10 s.
A. 0
B. 12.5 Ns
C. 25.2 Ns
D. 39.3 N s
E. 50.0 Ns
11. A 0.240-kg ball is moving with a velocity s m i v
i
/

7 . 6 =
r
when it
undergoes a collision lasting 52 10
-3
s. After the collision, its velocity is s m j i v
f
/

1 . 3

3 . 4 + =
r
.
Find the impulse.
A. s N j i +

74 . 0

6 . 2 eto
B. s N j i

74 . 0

6 . 2
C. s N j i +

37 . 0

2 . 1
D. s N j i

37 . 0

2 . 1
E. s N j i

37 . 0

2 . 1
12. Super Inggo applies a force F for t seconds to stop a speeding bus of mass m. Meanwhile, a bigger
bus of mass 2m is stopped by Captain Barbell with twice the force F and half the time (1/2 t). Which
of the following statements is TRUE regarding the initial momentum p
m
of Super Inggos bus and the
initial momentum p
2m
of Captain Barbells bus?
A. p
m
= 2 p
2m

B. p
m
= p
2m
/2
C. p
m
= 4 p
2m

D. p
m
= p
2m
/4
E. p
m
= p
2m

13. Which of the following is a necessary condition for conservation of momentum?
I. Net force should be zero on the system.
II. There should be no internal forces in the system.
III. Interaction of the objects in the system should be of a collision type.
A. I only
B. II only
C. I and II
D. I and III
E. II and III

For the next two questions:
Archie and Veronica are driving at constant velocities along straight horizontal roads. Archie is moving at
120.0 km/h to the north, while Veronica is moving at 80.0 km/h to the east. Archie and his car is 1600.0
kg, and Veronica and her car is 1500.0 kg.
14. What is the magnitude of the velocity of their center of mass?
A. 23.2 km/h
B. 40.0 km/h
C. 73.0 km/h
D. 101 km/h
E. 200 km/h
15. If Archie and Veronicas cars collide and stick together, what is the speed of their cars after collision?
A. 23.2 km/h
B. 40.0 km/h
C. 73.0 km/h
D. 101 km/h
E. 200 km/h

END OF EXAM PART1