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16M nR

16MnR

Stress C orrosion Cracking o f 16M nR Low Alloy St eel


in A nhydrous A mm onia Service
, ,
( , 310032)
LU Zhi m ing , CH EN Bing bing, GAO Zeng liang
( T he M OE Key Laborat ory of M echanical Manuf act ure and
Aut om at ion, Zhejiang U niversit y of T echno logy , H angzho u 310032, China)
: T ( T WO L) , 16M nR 8
, K I , ,
3450h , 0 08

10 - 8 ~ 3 54

, K

ISCC

10 - 8 mm/ s : 16M nR

90 M P a

: ; ; 16M nR ;
: T G 172

: A

: 1001 4381( 2007) 10 0007 04

Abstract: T he st ress corro sion crack t est s of 16M nR st eel in anhy dro us amm onia service have been
done w it h the T shape w edge opening loading ( T WOL ) const ant displacem ent specimens A gr oup of
eig ht specimen w as used in t he t est s, ev er y specimen w as loaded by loading bo lts t o t he desir ed K I v al
ue and then put int o a special amm onia sto rage t ank T he specimen w ere t aken o ut f rom t he tank peri
o dically f or crack lengt h measurement s, Af t er t ot al 3450 hours t est s, t he crack grow t h r at e of the
- 8

specimen w ere 0 08 10

3 54

10 mm/ s Based on the t est s and analysis, it can be concluded that

the cracks o f t he 16M nR steel specimen in anhy dro us ammo nia serv ice almost did not g row , t hreshold
st ress intensit y fact or s K ISCC are hig her t han 90 MP a

m T he st ress corro sion crack mechanism and

the ef fect ing f act ors w ere also analyzed


Key words: anhydrous amm onia; str ess corro sion crack; 16M nR st eel; threshold st ress int ensity facto r

,
:

,
16M nR ,
, ,

, ,
,


[ 1 4]

,
,
,

16MnR
,

:
,
, CF 62, H T 60 , ,
, ; ,
, ,

,
,
[ 5, 6]
WOL , 16M nR
;
K ISCC ,

/ 2007 10

2 1M Pa, , 2600m m,
22m m,

1 1

16M nR 13a

1 2


1
T able 1

, GB6654- 86

16MnR ( / %)

Chemica l composition of 16M nR steel( mass fr action/ % )

Element

Mn

Si

Base mat erial

0. 168

1. 31

0. 412

0. 017

0. 019

G B6654- 86

0. 20

1. 2 1. 6

0. 2 0. 6

2
T able 2
s/

It em

M Pa

0. 035

0. 035

16MnR

M echanical pr operty of 16M nR steel


b/

M Pa

Base mat erial

324

544

G B6654- 86

325

500 650

5/

28. 83

/%

A KV / J

57. 43

46. 0

20

27

1 2 , 16MnR
, 13a
,
,
1 2
GB/ T 15970- 1998

, T
( T WOL )
, , ,
,

1
Fig 1

The phot ograph of s pecim en

1 , 3

B , m m; W , mm; a0
, m m; C 1 , m m

, GB/

3
T able 3

T 15970
, 5%
, ,

Geometr y o f the specimen

No

B/ mm

W / mm

a0 / mm

c1 / mm

, K ISCC ,

26. 08

65. 54

23. 70

16. 34

, ,

26. 16

65. 34

24. 44

16. 82

26. 12

65. 60

26. 50

16. 19

K Ii ( i ) , 4

25. 70

65. 13

26. 10

16. 59

26. 06

65. 64

25. 62

16. 30

26. 12

65. 67

25. 45

16. 27

V , ( 1) V y T WOL

26. 08

65. 16

24. 80

16. 60

26. 09

65. 65

26. 46

16. 33

V y

Vy = (

a )V
a + c1

( 1)

16M nR

: V y , mm; V
, mm; a , mm; c1

, 3, 4 ,
,

, mm

, ,

GB/ T 15970 , T ( T
WOL) :
KI =

YP
B a

( 2)

GB/ T 15970 ,
, 16M nR
,
500~ 600h,

: K I , M Pa m ; P ,
N; B , mm ; W , m m; Y

,
10- 7 ~ 10- 9 mm/

s, , 25% B, 50%

Y = 30 96( a ) - 195 8( a ) 2 +
W
W
a 3
a 4
a 5
730 6( ) - 1186 3( ) + 754 6( )
W
W
W

B 75% B ,
K I
( 3)

, ,
99 99% ( , )
, 2M Pa
16MnR
K IC 140 M Pa

m ,

K Ii 30~ 90M Pa

m 8

K Ii ,
,

, 500~

600h , ,
3450h,
, ,

4
T able 4 Cr ack leng th and stress intensit y factor s of the specimen
V

a0

O riginal K Ii

Final a

/ mm

/ mm

/ M Pa m

/ mm

/ 10- 8 ( mm

0. 599

23. 70

86. 02

23. 81

0. 89

86. 03

0. 454

24. 44

66. 78

24. 50

0. 48

66. 64

0. 591

26. 50

80. 10

26. 61

0. 89

79. 94

0. 426

26. 10

56. 25

26. 12

0. 16

56. 22

0. 386

25. 62

50. 27

25. 63

0. 08

50. 26

0. 281

25. 45

38. 27

25. 65

1. 61

38. 12

0. 294

24. 80

39. 66

24. 90

0. 81

39. 58

0. 586

26. 46

88. 66

26. 90

3. 54

87. 91

No

Crack grow rat e


s - 1)

Fin al K Ii
/ M Pa

, ,
2 No7 ,
No7
,
, ,

4 , 0 08
- 8
- 8
10 ~ 3 54 10 mm / s ,
K Ii 30~ 90 M Pa m ,
16MnR
K ISCC 90 M Pa

2
Fi g 2

N o7

T he macro fract ur e of N o7 s pecim en

/ 2007 10

10

- 8

0 08 10 ~ 3 54
mm/ s ,

,
( SCC ) , ( O 2 , N 2 )
CO 2 [ 3] 16M nR
,
,
, ,
,
0 2%
,
[ 4, 7, 8] ,
3, 4 ,
CO 2 , 16M nR

( 2) 16MnR
K ISCC 90 M Pa

[ 7] ,
,

( 3) , 16M nR

[ 1]

. [ M ] . : ,
1990.

[ 2]

. [ J] . ,
2000, 37( 6) : 48- 53.

[ 3]

, , , . CF 62
[ J ] . , 1999, 16( 6) : 5- 8.

[ 4]

. [ J ] . , 1997, 14( 6) : 47
- 65.

[ 5]

LU N DE L, N YBO R G R . Pr event ion of st ress corr os ion crackin g


of carb on st eels in am monia [ J] . A mmonia Plant Saf et y ( and R e

lat ed Facilit ies ) , 1990, ( 30) : 60- 75.

[ 6]

, T T K P2 93 :
350

[ 7]

MP a, 450 M Pa

[ 8]

[ 8]

, ,

- 8

10

. [ J ] . , 1993,
23( 2) : 55- 57.
, .
[ J ] . , 1999, 26( 1) : 55- 58.
T echnical Inspect ion Cent er. Preven tion of st res s corros ion crack

16M nR 350
MP a, ,

ing in pressure vessels cont ainin g anhydrous amm onia TT K di rec

Pressu re V es sel Techn ol ogy [ C ] . M ont real: A SM E, ICPV T ,

t ive P2 93 [ A ] . Proceedings of t he In t ernat ional Conferen ce on

1996. 467- 471.

: 2006 10 30; : 2007 07 20

( 1) K Ii 30~ 90 MP a

, 16M nR T ( T WOL )

: ( 1966

) , , , ,

, : ( 310032)

2007

2007 2007 9 2 ~ 5

600
,
,

12

, 2007
( )