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MARKING SCHEME : PAPER THREE TRIAL BIOLOGY SPM 2014

Questio 1 :
1(a)MEASURING USING NUMBER

Score Explanation
3
Able to record !"" correct final mass in able !
"oncentration of s#crose
sol#tion ($)
%inal mass of &ater spinac'
after 3( min#tes())
! *(
+ +(
, 3-
- +(
! Able to state an. 3/+ final mass correctl.
1 Able to state an. 1/! final mass correctl.
( No response or &ron) response

1(b)i) 0BSER1AI0N
Score Explanation
3
Able to state t#o correct obser2ations based on follo&in) criteria3
41 5 "oncentration of s#crose sol#tion
4! 5 %inal mass of &ater spinac' after 3( min#tes
Sample Ans&er6
13 7'en !$ concentration of s#crose sol#tion is #sed8t'e final mass of &ater
spinac' after 3( min#tes is *()
! 3 7'en -$ concentration of s#crose sol#tion is #sed8t'e final mass of &ater
spinac' after 3( min#tes is +()
! Able to state an. one obser2ation correctl. &it'
0r
Able to state an. t&o incomplete obser2ation
13 7'en !$ concentration of s#crose sol#tion is #sed8t'e final mass of &ater
spinac' after 3( min#tes is 'i)'
! 3 7'en -$ concentration of s#crose sol#tion is #sed8t'e final mass of &ater
spinac' after 3( min#tes is lo&
1 Able to state an. one idea of obser2ation
13 "oncentration of s#crose sol#tion #sed is affected b. t'e final mass of &ater
spinac' after 3( min#tes
( No response or &ron) response
1
1(b) (ii) IN%EREN"E
Score Explanation
3 Able to state t#o reasonable inferences for t'e obser2ation3
Sample ans&er6
Inference 1
!$ concentration of s#crose sol#tion8 more &ater molec#les diff#se into &ater
spinac' b. osmosis beca#se t'e si9e of molec#les are small::ca#sin) t'e &ater
spinac' strips to c#r2e o#t&ard
Inference !6
-$ concentration of s#crose sol#tion8 more &ater molec#les diff#se o#t from
&ater spinac' b. osmosis beca#se t'e si9e of &ater molec#les is small::ca#sin)
t'e &ater spinac' strips to c#r2e in&ard
! Able to state an. one correct inference and one inacc#rate inference3
13 more &ater molec#les diff#se into &ater spinac' b. osmosis beca#se t'e si9e
of molec#les are small::ca#sin) t'e &ater spinac' strips to c#r2e o#t&ard
!3 more &ater molec#les diff#se o#t from &ater spinac' b. osmosis beca#se
t'e si9e of molec#les are small::ca#sin) t'e &ater spinac' strips to c#r2e in&ard
1 Able to state an. one idea of inference
13 &ater molec#les diff#se into &ater spinac'
!3 &ater molec#les diff#se o#t from &ater spinac'
( No response or &ron) response (inference li;e '.pot'esis)

1(c) "0NR0<<ING 1ARIAB<ES
Score Explanation
3
Able to state !"" t$e %!&i!'"es !( t$e )et$o( to 'andle 2ariable correctl.
() for each variable and method
M!i*u"!te( +!&i!'"e6 "oncentration of s#crose sol#tion
Met'od to 'andle6 Use different concentration of s#crose
sol#tion

Res*o(i, +!&i!'"e6 'e final mass of &ater spinac' after 3( min#tes::
t'e percenta)e c'an)e in mass
Met'od to 'andle6 meas#re and record t'e final mass of &ater spinac'
after 3( min#tes b. #sin) &ei)'in) scale::
"alc#late t'e percenta)e c'an)e in mass b.
#sin) form#la6
%inal mass / initial mass x 1(($
Initial mass

!
Cot&o""e( %!&i!'"e 6 1ol#me of s#crose sol#tion:: time immersed for &ater
spinac'

Met'od to 'andle6 Use !( ml 2ol#me of s#crose sol#tion for
all experiment::
Used t'e same time immersin) for &ater spinac' at 3(
Min#tes

! Able to state an. +/* correctl.
1 Able to state an. !/3 correctl.
( Able to )i2e onl. one response : not able to respond or &ron) response
1(d) MA4ING =>?0=ESIS
Score Explanation
3 Able to st!te !"" t$&ee -&ite&i! -o&&e-t". based on t'e follo&in) criteria6
"riteria
C1 6 State t'e manip#lated 2ariable ( concentration of s#crose sol#tion )
C2 6 State t'e respondin) 2ariable ( final mass of &ater spinac')
R 6 State t'e relations'ip bet&een "1 and "!3
Sample answer 6
7'en t'e concentration of s#crose sol#tion increases8 t'e final mass of &ater
spinac' after 3( min#tes decreases3
Note 6 accept &ron) '.pot'esis
! Able to state t'ree criteria incorrectl. or an. t&o criteria correctl.
Sample answer 6
'e different t'e concentration of s#crose sol#tion8 t'e different t'e final mass
of &ater spinac' after 3( min#tes
1 Able to state at idea le2el onl.
Sample ans&er 6
'e final mass of &ater spinac' is affected b. s#crose sol#tion
( No response or &ron) response
1(e)(i) "0MMUNI"AING S4I<<
3
Score Explanation
3
Able to -ost&u-t ! t!'"e !( &e-o&( t'e res#lt of t'e experiment &it' t'e
follo&in) criteria6
" 5 State all fo#r temperat#re readin)3 (@) 5 &it' #nit
A 5 ransfer all data correctl.3 (@)
5 "alc#late t'e rate of transpiration (1:min#te) (@)
If &it'o#t #nit (x)3
"oncentration of
s#crose sol#tion
($)
Mass of &ater
spinac' ())
?ercenta)e c'an)e in mass($)
Initial %inal
! 3( *( ,,3B
+ 3( +( 3333
, +! 3- /C3*
- +, +( /133(
! Able to constr#ct a table and record an. t&o criteria
1 Able to constr#ct a table and record an. one criteria
( No response or &ron) response
1(e)(ii) USING S?AIA< ANA IME RE<AI0NS=I?
Score Explanation
3
Able to dra& a )rap' of t'e percenta)e c'an)e in mass of &ater spinac' a)ainst
t'e concentration of s#crose sol#tion3
Axes (?) 5 bot' axis are labeled &it' #nits8 #niform scales8 independent
2ariable on 'ori9ontal axis3 (@)
?oint (?) 5 All points are correctl. plotted3 (@)
S'ape (S) 5 All points are connected smoot'l. (@)3
(If t'e )rap' attac'es t'e axis (x)3
! Grap' &it' an. t&o criteria3
1 Grap' &it' an. one criteria3
( No response or &ron) response3
1(f) INER?REING AAA
Score Explanation
3
Able to state t'e concentration of s#crose sol#tion &'ic' is remain #nc'an)ed
t'e mass of &ater spinac' strips and explain t'e relations'ip based on t'e
criteria belo&63
"riteria 6
+
?1 6 State t'e concentration of s#crose sol#tion t'at is isotonic to t'e &ater
spinac'
?! 6 Beca#se &ater molec#les diff#se into and o#t are at t'e same rate
?3 6 "a#sin) no more percenta)e c'an)e in mass of &ater spinac' :: t'e &ater
spinac' strip is normal
sample answer
"oncentration of s#crose sol#tion is *3+$ beca#se &ater molec#les diff#se into
and o#t are at t'e same rate ca#sin) no more percenta)e c'an)e in mass of
&ater spinac' :: t'e &ater spinac' strips is normal
3
! Able to state t&o criterias ?1 and ?! D ?1 and ?3
1 Able to state one criteria ?1
( No response or &ron) response
1()) AE%INII0N 0?ERAI0NA<<>
Score Explanation
3 Able to state t'e definition of Os)osis o*e&!tio!"". complete and correct8
based on t'e follo&in) criteria3
"1 5 mo2ement of &ater molec#les &'ic' diff#se into or o#t from &ater
spinac' t'ro#)' plasma membrane
"! 5 determined b. t'e final mass of &ater spinac' after 3( min#tes
"3 5 percenta)e c'an)e in mass of &ater spinac' is affected b. t'e
concentration of s#crose sol#tion
sample answer
0smosis is t'e mo2ement of &ater molec#les &'ic' diff#se into or o#t from
&ater spinac' t'ro#)' plasma membrane and determined b. t'e final mass of
&ater spinac' after 3( min#tes3 ?ercenta)e c'an)e in mass of &ater spinac' is
affected b. t'e concentration of s#crose sol#tion
! Able to state an. t&o criteria3
1 Able to state an. one criteria
( No response or &ron) response
1(') ?REAI"I0N
Score Explanation
3 Able to *&e(i-t t'e mass of &ater spinac' and )i2e t'e reason based on t'e
follo&in) criteria6
"1 5 mass of &ater spinac' increase
"! 5 more t'an 3( )ram
"3 5 beca#se distilled &ater is '.potonic sol#tion8 ca#sin) more &ater to
diff#se into t'e &ater spinac' b. osmosis
*
Mass of &ater increases more t'an 3( )ram beca#se distilled &ater is
'.potonic sol#tion8ca#sin) more &ater to diff#se into t'e &ater spinac' b.
osmosis
! Able to predict t'e mass of &ater spinac' ("1) and an. "!:"3
1 Able to predict t'e mass of &ater spinac'( "1)
( No response or &ron) response
1(i) "<ASSI%>ING
Score Explanation
3
Able to classif. t'e concentration of sodi#m c'loride sol#tions &'ic' are
'.potonic8isotonic and '.pertonic onto red blood cell correctl.
Sol#tion
concentration
4epe;atan
<ar#tan($)
.pes of sol#tion compared to t'e osmotic
concentration of red blood cell
Eenis lar#tan dibandin);an den)an
;epe;atan osmotic sel dara' mera'
(31($ sodi#m
c'loride
sol#tion
=.potonic sol#tion
(3-C$ sodi#m
c'loride
sol#tion
Isotonic sol#tion
33($ sodi#m
c'loride
sol#tion
=.pertonic sol#tion
Able to classif. all t'e apparat#s and materials correctl.3
! Able to classif. ! pairs correctl.
1 Able to classif. 1 pair correctl.
( No response or &ron) response
,
B