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TRUNNION TYPE LIFTING LUG CALCULATIONS W/ STRESS IN VESSEL

DUE TO TRUNNION PAD


All specifications for designing this lifting trunnion is taken from E.I DuPont
Miscellaneous Equipment Standard Engineering Specification SG 4 C
W 8000 := Lbs. = Total weight of vessel (empty) & Design load for one (1)
trunnion per DuPont spec's. 3.1 page 1 requiring 2x total
weight that will include dynamic loading & impact factor.
DuPont Spec. 6.4.1 Design of Trunnion Pipe using equation 9 & 9a on page 17
e 13 := Inches = Distance from O.D. of shell to point of application of load
Sa 17100 := PSI = Allowable stress in tension for material (SA106-B)
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S
W e
Z2
:= S 8.508 10
3
=
PSI = actual tensile stress on pipe when lifting vessel
Stress of pipe (17,100 psi) x .85 = 14,535 >
S 8.508 10
3
=
PSI
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The pipe area required for maximum shear, page 17, equation 9a DuPont spec's.:
A
2.22 W
Sa
:= A 1.039 =
Square inches
A2 .7854 6.625
2
5.761
2
-
( )
:= A2 8.405 =
sq. in. = actual area
available using a
6" sch. 80 pipe
A2 8.405 =
sq. in >
A 1.039 =
sq. in therefore 6" pipe sufficient to
take shear
Maximum bending stress in vertical position, page 17, equation (9)
Z
W e
.75 Sa
:=
Z 8.109 =
Cubic inches
Z2 = Actual section modulus of cross section of pipe = Z2 = I / y
Taken from Machinery's handbook, page 217, 25th edition
I = Moment of Inertia, choosing std. 6" size sch. 80 pipe (.432" wall thickness)
I
p 6.625
4
5.761
4
-
( )

64
:= I 40.491 =
In4
y
6.625
2
:= y 3.313 =
Inches
Z2
I
y
:= Z2 12.224 =
cu. in.
Z2 12.224 =
cu. in. >
Z 8.109 =
cu. in, therefore 6" size sch. 80 pipe
sufficient to take bending stress
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Use 1" thick lifting plate which > than worst condition, equation (12)
Thk. sufficient: Inches required which is < 1" thk. plate tm 0.145 =
tm
W
.33
Ro Ri - ( )
.76
Ro Ri - ( )
Ro Ri - ( )
2
+

Sa
:=
Equation (13) page 18 to determine thickness of plate at trunnion pipe connection
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Thk. sufficient: Inches required which is < 1" thk lifting plate tm 0.225 =
tm
W
.33
Rl Rh - ( )
.76
Rl Rh - ( )
Rl Rh - ( )
2
+

Sa
:=
Equation (12) page 18 to determine thickness of plate at connection to Shackle location
psi = tensile strength of material for lifting plate (SA516-70) Sa 20000 :=
Inches = outer radius of rotating lifting plate Ro 8.5 :=
Inches = outer radius of hole for connection to shackle Rl 2.875 :=
Inches = inner radius of rotating lifting plate Ri 5.5 :=
Inches = radius of hole for connection to shackle Rh .9375 :=
Lbs. = design load W 8 10
3
=
DuPont spec.. 6.4.2 Design of Lifting Plate, equation 12, & 13 & 14, page 18
The required thickness of the rotating plate shall be the greater of the following two (2)
formulas 12 & 13, page 18.
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inches = wall thickness of shell
t .375 :=
S = Stress, psi
A 9 :=
inches = Length of Pad 2A =18
B 9 :=
inches = Width Pad 2B =18
inches = Lever arm of load
H 13 :=
inches = Radius of shell (outside)
R 12 :=
Lbs. = Design load w/ 1 1/2 x safety factor
for one (1) trunnion
Q 6 10
3
= Q
W
2

1.5 :=
W 8000 :=
Lbs. = Total weight of vessel (empty) & Design load for one (1)
trunnion per DuPont spec's. 3.1 page 1 requiring 2x total
weight that will include dynamic loading & an impact factor

Longitudinal Stress due to trunnion pad- page 109 pressure vessel hand book
Section VIII div. 1 by Eugene F. Megyesy, ninth edition
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degrees : Need 30 degrees min. per DuPont
spec. 6.4.2, page 18, equation 14
Make Ri = Rn for 30 degrees only on bottom
of lifting plate -see page 18 of spec's.
q 2.367 = q
31.8 W
Rn tm Sa
:=
Inches = thickness used for lifting plate
tm 1 :=
Inches = Outside radius of trunnion pipe (10" size sch. 40 pipe)
Rn 5.375 :=
Lbs. = design load
W 8 10
3
=
Angle of bearing contact arc between plate & trunnion pipe per equation (14), page 18
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Therefore stress value of girth seam is sufficient to take longitudinal stress due
to lifting trunnion pad.
Stress value of girth seam (14,540 psi) > Tensile stress (13,360 psi) on shell due to
trunnion
psi (Stress value of the girth seam) 17100 .85 1.454 10
4
=
psi (Tensile stress on shell) S1 1.336 10
4
=
S1
Q H
D R
2
t
C1 K1 6
K2 R
C2 t
+
D
2 1.17
B
A
+

R
2
H A

:=
Page 109 in Pressure vessel hand book
LONGITUDINAL STRESS:
K4 .016 := K3 4.1 := K2 .022 := K1 2.5 :=
R
t
32 = D 0.75 = D
A
R
3
B
A
:=
K factors, table on pages 110 thru 113 in pressure vessel handbook
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C4 1 := C3 1 := C2 1 := C1 1 :=
B
A
1 =
R
t
32 =
Shape factors C, table on page 113 in pressure vessel hand book
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Shell material: SA106 GRB
Allowable stress value = 17,100 psi
Yi eld point = 38,000 psi
Joint efficiency = .85
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CIRCUMFERENTIAL STRESS:
Page 109 in pressure vessel handbook
S2
Q H
D R
2
t
C3 K3 6
K4 R
C4 t
+

:=
S2 1.381 10
4
=
psi (Tensile stress)
The circumferential tensional stress S2 1.381 10
4
=
psi
does not exceed the stress value (20,000 PSI) of shell material multiplied by 1.5 =
30,000 psi
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