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ME510

HW1
Powerplant technology Chapter 2
2-1) A simple ideal saturated Rankine cycle turbine receives 125 kg/s of steam at 300C and condenses
at 40C. Calculate (a) the net cycle power, in megawatts, and (b) the cycle efficiency.
(a) 125*(300-40)=32500 kgC/s
From the table, we get sf=5.3108, sg=1.3028, and sfg=6.0562
(5.3108-1.3028)/6.0562=0.6618
From the table, we get hfg=22575 kgC/s
32500*1000+0.6618*(22575)*1000
=14940160.5+32500000
=47440160.5 watts
=47.4402 MW
From the table, we get h3=76.3 MW
76.3-47.4402=28.86 MW
The net cycle power is 28.86 MW
(b)
From the table, we get hin=50.7 MW
1-28.86/50.7=1-0.5692=0.43
The cycle efficiency is 0.43.

2-10) A Rankine cycle with inlet steam at 90 bar and 500C and condensation at 40C produces 500 MW.
It has one stage of reheat, optimally placed, back to 500C. One feedwater of the closed type with drains
cascaded back to the condenser receives bled steam at the reheat pressure. The high- and low- pressure
turbine sections have polytropic efficiencies of 92 and 90 percent, respectively. The pump has a
polytropic efficiency of 0.75. Calculate (a) the mass flow rate of steam at turbine inlet in kilograms per
second, 9b) the cycle efficiency, and 9c) the cycle work ratio. Use TTD = -1.6C.
(a)
From the table, we get sf=0.9256, and sfg=4.8608
(s4-0.9256)/4.8608=0.75
s4-0.9256=3.6456
s4=4.5712
From the table, we get sf=1.2089, and sfg=4.5712
(s4-1.2089)/4.5712=0.9
s4-1.2089=4.1141
s4=5.3230
From the table, we get sf=1.4633, and sfg=5.3230
(s4-1.4633)/5.3230=0.90
s4-1.4633=4.7907
s4=6.2540
From the table, we get hfg=15880 kgC/s, and h3=253.06 MW
x*1000+6.2540*(15880)*1000=253.06*10^6
1000x+99313234.16=353060000
1000x=253746765.84
x=253746.7658 kgC/s
x*(500-40)=253746.7658
460x=253746.7658
x=551.62 kg/s
The mass flow rate of steam at turbine inlet is 551.62 kg/s.
(b) 0.92*0.9*0.75=0.62

The cycle efficiency is 0.62.


(c) 253.06/500*90+(-1.6)=45.5508+(-1.6)=89.19
The cycle work ratio is 89.19.

2-16) A 100-MW (thermal) binary-vapor cycle uses saturated mercury vapor at 1600R at the top turbine
inlet. The mercury condenses at 1000R in a mercury-condenser-steam-boiler in which saturated steam is
generated at 400psia. It is further superheated to 1160R in the mercury-boiler-steam superheater. The
steam condenses at 1 psia. Assume both mercury and steam cycles to be idea, and ignoring the pump
work (a) draw flow and T-s diagrams of the binary cycle numbering points correspondingly, (b) calculate
the mass flow rates of mercury and steam, and (c) calculate the heat added and heat rejected, in Btus
per hour, and the cycle efficiency.
(a)
Flow diagram

T-S diagram

(b) From the table, we get sf=0.8027, sfg=4.5983, and s3=0.6092


(s4-0.8027)/4.5983=0.6092
s4-0.8027=2.8013
s4=3.6040
From the table, we get hfg=17054 kgC/s, and h3=127.54 MW
x*1000+3.6040*(17054)*1000=127.54*10^6
1000x+61462349.28=127540000
1000x=66077650.72
x=66077.6508 kgC/s
x*((1600-491.67)*5/9-(1000-491.67)*5/9)= 66077.6508
x*(1108.33*5/9-508.33*5/9)= 66077.6508
x*(1108.33*5/9-508.33*5/9)= 66077.6508
x*(615.7388-282.4056)= 66077.6508
333.3333x=66077.6508
x=193.23 kg/s
The mass flow rate of mercury is 193.23 kg/s.
From the table, we get sf=0.7510, sfg=4.1185 and s3=0.5738

(s4-0.7510)/4.1185=0.5738
s4-0.7510=2.3632
s4=3.1142
From the table, we get hfg=14317 kgC/s, and h3=92.44 MW
x*1000+3.1142*(14317)*1000=92.44*10^6
1000x+44585934.11=92440000
1000x=47854065.89
x=47584.0659 kgC/s
x*((1160-491.67)*5/9-(1000-491.67)*5/9)= 47584.0659
x*(668.33*5/9-508.33*5/9)=47584.0659
x*(371.2944-282.4056)=47584.0659
88.8889x=47584.0659
x=538.36 kg/s
The mass flow rate of stream is 538.36 kg/s.
(c) (127.54*10^6+92.44*10^6)/(400-1)=219980000/399=551328.32 Btus/h
100*10^6/(400-1)=100000000/399=250626.57 Btus/h
Heat added is 551328.32 Btus/h. The Heat rejected is 250626.57 Btus/h.
From the table, we get hin=215.72 MW
1-(127.54*10^6+92.44*10^6-250626.57/3.14)/215.72*10^6
=1-(127540000+92440000-73497.5268)/215720000
=1-119906502.5/215720000
=1-0.5584=0.44
The cycle efficiency is 0.44.