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Original Title: ME510WS Homework 1 Solutions

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HW1

Powerplant technology Chapter 2

2-1) A simple ideal saturated Rankine cycle turbine receives 125 kg/s of steam at 300C and condenses

at 40C. Calculate (a) the net cycle power, in megawatts, and (b) the cycle efficiency.

(a) 125*(300-40)=32500 kgC/s

From the table, we get sf=5.3108, sg=1.3028, and sfg=6.0562

(5.3108-1.3028)/6.0562=0.6618

From the table, we get hfg=22575 kgC/s

32500*1000+0.6618*(22575)*1000

=14940160.5+32500000

=47440160.5 watts

=47.4402 MW

From the table, we get h3=76.3 MW

76.3-47.4402=28.86 MW

The net cycle power is 28.86 MW

(b)

From the table, we get hin=50.7 MW

1-28.86/50.7=1-0.5692=0.43

The cycle efficiency is 0.43.

2-10) A Rankine cycle with inlet steam at 90 bar and 500C and condensation at 40C produces 500 MW.

It has one stage of reheat, optimally placed, back to 500C. One feedwater of the closed type with drains

cascaded back to the condenser receives bled steam at the reheat pressure. The high- and low- pressure

turbine sections have polytropic efficiencies of 92 and 90 percent, respectively. The pump has a

polytropic efficiency of 0.75. Calculate (a) the mass flow rate of steam at turbine inlet in kilograms per

second, 9b) the cycle efficiency, and 9c) the cycle work ratio. Use TTD = -1.6C.

(a)

From the table, we get sf=0.9256, and sfg=4.8608

(s4-0.9256)/4.8608=0.75

s4-0.9256=3.6456

s4=4.5712

From the table, we get sf=1.2089, and sfg=4.5712

(s4-1.2089)/4.5712=0.9

s4-1.2089=4.1141

s4=5.3230

From the table, we get sf=1.4633, and sfg=5.3230

(s4-1.4633)/5.3230=0.90

s4-1.4633=4.7907

s4=6.2540

From the table, we get hfg=15880 kgC/s, and h3=253.06 MW

x*1000+6.2540*(15880)*1000=253.06*10^6

1000x+99313234.16=353060000

1000x=253746765.84

x=253746.7658 kgC/s

x*(500-40)=253746.7658

460x=253746.7658

x=551.62 kg/s

The mass flow rate of steam at turbine inlet is 551.62 kg/s.

(b) 0.92*0.9*0.75=0.62

(c) 253.06/500*90+(-1.6)=45.5508+(-1.6)=89.19

The cycle work ratio is 89.19.

2-16) A 100-MW (thermal) binary-vapor cycle uses saturated mercury vapor at 1600R at the top turbine

inlet. The mercury condenses at 1000R in a mercury-condenser-steam-boiler in which saturated steam is

generated at 400psia. It is further superheated to 1160R in the mercury-boiler-steam superheater. The

steam condenses at 1 psia. Assume both mercury and steam cycles to be idea, and ignoring the pump

work (a) draw flow and T-s diagrams of the binary cycle numbering points correspondingly, (b) calculate

the mass flow rates of mercury and steam, and (c) calculate the heat added and heat rejected, in Btus

per hour, and the cycle efficiency.

(a)

Flow diagram

T-S diagram

(s4-0.8027)/4.5983=0.6092

s4-0.8027=2.8013

s4=3.6040

From the table, we get hfg=17054 kgC/s, and h3=127.54 MW

x*1000+3.6040*(17054)*1000=127.54*10^6

1000x+61462349.28=127540000

1000x=66077650.72

x=66077.6508 kgC/s

x*((1600-491.67)*5/9-(1000-491.67)*5/9)= 66077.6508

x*(1108.33*5/9-508.33*5/9)= 66077.6508

x*(1108.33*5/9-508.33*5/9)= 66077.6508

x*(615.7388-282.4056)= 66077.6508

333.3333x=66077.6508

x=193.23 kg/s

The mass flow rate of mercury is 193.23 kg/s.

From the table, we get sf=0.7510, sfg=4.1185 and s3=0.5738

(s4-0.7510)/4.1185=0.5738

s4-0.7510=2.3632

s4=3.1142

From the table, we get hfg=14317 kgC/s, and h3=92.44 MW

x*1000+3.1142*(14317)*1000=92.44*10^6

1000x+44585934.11=92440000

1000x=47854065.89

x=47584.0659 kgC/s

x*((1160-491.67)*5/9-(1000-491.67)*5/9)= 47584.0659

x*(668.33*5/9-508.33*5/9)=47584.0659

x*(371.2944-282.4056)=47584.0659

88.8889x=47584.0659

x=538.36 kg/s

The mass flow rate of stream is 538.36 kg/s.

(c) (127.54*10^6+92.44*10^6)/(400-1)=219980000/399=551328.32 Btus/h

100*10^6/(400-1)=100000000/399=250626.57 Btus/h

Heat added is 551328.32 Btus/h. The Heat rejected is 250626.57 Btus/h.

From the table, we get hin=215.72 MW

1-(127.54*10^6+92.44*10^6-250626.57/3.14)/215.72*10^6

=1-(127540000+92440000-73497.5268)/215720000

=1-119906502.5/215720000

=1-0.5584=0.44

The cycle efficiency is 0.44.

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