You are on page 1of 41

ICS 13.

200
C 67

AQ

AQ/T XXXX20XX

Hazard and operability studiesApplication guide


(IEC 61882:2001,Hazard and operability studies (HAZOP studies)
Application guide, IDT)

XXXX XX XX

XXXX-XX-XX

XXXX-XX-XX

AQ/T XXXX20XX

............................................................................. II

............................................................................ III
1 ............................................................................... 1
2 ..................................................................... 1
3 ......................................................................... 1
4 HAZOP .................................................................... 2
5 HAZOP ........................................................................ 5
6 HAZOP .................................................................... 6
7 .............................................................................. 13
A ......................................................... 14
BHAZOP ...................................................... 16
............................................................................. 35
1 HAZOP .................................................................. 3
2 a) HAZOP ....................................... 10
2 b) HAZOP ..................................... 11
B.1 .................................................................... 16
B.2 ATP ................................................................. 22
B.3 ................................................................ 28
B.4 ...................................................................... 32
1 ............................................................... 4
2 ................................... 4
3 ......................................................... 8
B.1 ...................................................................... 16
B.2 HAZOP ...................................................... 17
B.3 HAZOP ...................................................... 20
B.4 HAZOP ............................................ 23
B.5 HAZOP .................................................... 26
B.6 ...................................................................... 29
B.7 HAZOP .............................................. 30
B.8 HAZOP .................................................... 33

AQ/T XXXX20XX

GB/T 1.1-2009
IEC 61882:2001HAZOP
Hazard and operability studies2001

(HAZOP )

TC288/SC3

II

AQ/T XXXX20XX

HAZOP HAZOP

a)

b)

HAZOP

HAZOP

HAZOP

(Checklist)
FMEAFTAHAZOP(Checklist)
-(what-if)
HAZOP

HAZOP HAZOPHAZOP 12
HAZOP
HAZOPHAZOP

III

AQ/T XXXX20XX

1
HAZOP
HAZOP HAZOP

HAZOPHAZOP
2

GB/T 7826 FMEAIEC 61802IDT


GB/T 78291025IDT
IEC 60300-3-939Dependability
management Part 3: Application guide Section 9: Risk analysis of technological systems
IEC 61160Deign review
3
IEC 60050191
3.1
characteristic

3.2
design intent

3.3
deviation

3.4
element

3.5
guide word

3.6
harm

3.7
hazard

3.8
1

AQ/T XXXX20XX
part

3.9
risk

4 HAZOP
4.1
HAZOP HAZOP

HAZOP
a) HAZOP

b) HAZOP

c) HAZOP
d) HAZOP

e) HAZOP

HAZOP 4 1

AQ/T XXXX20XX
6.1~6.3

6.4

6.6.2

6.5

6.6~6.7

1 HAZOP
4.2
HAZOP

AQ/T XXXX20XX

a)
b)

c)

HAZOP

1
1

NO NOT
MORE

LESS

AS WELL AS
/
PART OF
/
REVERSE

OTHER THAN

2
2

EARLY
LATE
BEFORE
AFTER

6.6.2

/
/
/

6.5 2a 2b
4.3
4.3.1
HAZOP

a)
b)

AQ/T XXXX20XX
HAZOP
HAZOP

4.3.2

IEC 61160
HAZOP

HAZOP

HAZOP

5.1
HAZOP
HAZOP
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
HAZOP
HAZOP

HAZOP HAZOP

5.2
HAZOP FMEA IEC 60812
FTA IEC 61025

a) HAZOP FMEA
HAZOP
b) HAZOP / FTA
FTA
HAZOP FMEA FMEA
FMEA
HAZOP

5.3

HAZOP

HAZOP

AQ/T XXXX20XX
a) HAZOP

b) HAZOP
HAZOP HAZOP
HAZOP
c)

d) HAZOP

e) HAZOP
5.4
HAZOP
HAZOP
5.4.1
HAZOP

HAZOP
IEC
60300-3-9

5.4.2

HAZOP
HAZOP HAZOP

5.4.3

HAZOP

5.4.4
HAZOP
HAZOP

5.4.5

HAZOP

6.1

6.2

a)
6

AQ/T XXXX20XX
b)
6.2.1

a)
b)
c) HAZOP
d)
6.2.2
HAZOP HAZOP

a)
b) 5.4

c)
d)
e)
6.3
HAZOP HAZOP

HAZOP

HAZOP

HAZOP /

a) /
b)
HAZOP
HAZOP 4 7
HAZOP

a) HAZOP
HAZOP
-/

b)

c)
d)
e)
f)
HAZOP HAZOP

HAZOP
6.4
6.4.1

a)
7

AQ/T XXXX20XX
b)
c)
d)

a)
b)
c)

-/ 6.4.3
d)
e)
f) A

g)

HAZOP

6.4.2

a)

b)
P&ID

c)






6.4.3
HAZOP

HAZOP
3
3

NO
MORE
LESS
AS WELL
AS

PES

AQ/T XXXX20XX
3

PART OF
REVERSE
OTHER
THAN
EARLY
LATE
BEFORE
LATE

PES

-/

-/

6.5
HAZOP

a)
b)
c)
HAZOP

2a 2b
a)

b)

c)

IEC 60300-3-9

d)

e)

f) c)~e)
c)~e)
b) ~e)

2b

HAZOP
HAZOP

AQ/T XXXX20XX

2 a)

10

HAZOP

AQ/T XXXX20XX

2 b)

HAZOP

11

AQ/T XXXX20XX
6.6
6.6.1
HAZOP HAZOP

A
6.6.2
HAZOP By exception recording

a) -/

b)

HAZOP

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
6.6.3
HAZOP
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
HAZOP

6.6.4

a)
b)

c)
d)
e)

/ 6.1

6.6.5

6.7
HAZOP

12

AQ/T XXXX20XX
HAZOP
HAZOP
6.3
HAZOP
HAZOP
a)
b)
c) HAZOP
7
HAZOP

13

AQ/T XXXX20XX
A

A.1

a)
b) HAZOP
c)
d) HAZOP

A.2 HAZOP

a)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

b)
1
2/
3
4
5
b 1
2 3

-
HAZOP
work system

HAZOP
A.3

14

HAZOP

AQ/T XXXX20XX
HAZOP
a)
b)
c)
d) 6.6.3

e) HAZOP
f)
g)

15

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B

HAZOP
B HAZOP 4.26.4 6.5

B.1
HAZOP HAZOP [1]
B.1 A B
C A B
A B

A
A

B
A+B=C
AB

B.1
A A
A A B 4.2

B.1

A>B

3 6.4
HAZOP HAZOP B.2

16

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.2 HAZOP

LBDHEKNEMGJK
A

A
A

1/2
19981217
19981215

NO

NO

A
B

MORE

MORE

LESS

LESS

A
B

A
/
B
A
A
B

MG

JK

EK

JK

1A

MG

JK

17

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.2

LBDHEKNEMGJK
A

18

A
A

2/2
19981217
19981215

AS WELL AS

AS WELL AS

AS WELL AS

DH

10

REVERSE

MG

11

OTHER THAN

A
A

12

OTHER THAN

MG

LB

NE

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.2

a) 12 kg A
b)
c) 3 kg B
d)
e)
f) 15 min
g) 3 5 kg

h)
i) 50 L
j) 0.5 kg
k) 5 kg AB
l) 1 min
m) 5 min
HAZOP HAZOP
HAZOP B.3

19

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.3 HAZOP

X
BKJSLEPA

20

NO

1/2

112kgA

BK

BK

AS WELL AS

OTHER THAN

AB

12kg
A

MORE

JS

JS

12kg
A

LESS

JS

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.3

X
BKJSLEPA

OTHER THAN

AS WELL AS

OTHER THAN

NO

2/2

10

0.5
kg

MORE

11

0.5
kg

LESS

BK

BK

JS

0.5kg

JS

JS

21

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.3
HAZOP

a)
b) HAZOP B.4

HAZOP

B.3.1
B.3.1.1
ATP
ATP
ATP
ATP
B.3.1.2

PES
PES
PES B.2

PES

B.2 ATP

22

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.4 HAZOP

1/2

ATP

DJJBBA

PES

MORE

LESS

OTHER THAN

MORE

NO

OTHER THAN
5

DJ

DJ

DJ

DJ

JB

DJ

23

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.4

2/2

ATP

DJJBBA

PES

OTHER THAN

NO
8

10

OTHER THAN

AS WELL AS

NO
11

12

24

AS WELL AS

JB

DJ

BA

BA

DJ

BA

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.4 HAZOP

HAZOP

EER

EER
EER
a) GPA

b)
c)
d)
e)
f) OIMPAPA

g)
h)
i)
j)

25

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.5 HAZOP

GPA

GPA

3
4

NO

MORE

26

REVERSE

3)

1)

2)

PAET OF

2)
GPA

LESS

AS WELL AS

1)
GPA

MORE

5
6

AQ/T XXXX20XX
10

11

OTHER THAN

NO

MORE

LESS

AS WELL AS

PAET OF

16

REVERSE

17

OTHER THAN

GPA

18

SOONER

GPA

19

LATER

GPA

12
13
14
15

15

GPA

27

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.5
B.3 HAZOP

HAZOP HAZOP
1
2
C1 T1 C2

T2 T3

C2 T2

T4

C2

D1

T1

D2

C1
T2

T3

D3

T4

D4
R

B.3
1
/ C1 T1 D1 C2
T4 R
2
T3 D3 R

28

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.6

1.C1

1
2.T1T3T4

1.T1D1
C1
C2
2.T4R

3.T1T4

4.T2

1.

2.T1T2T4

1.

2.
T1T3 T4

5.T3
6.D2

1.T1C1
2.D2T2
3.D3D4R

4.T4

C2

T1T2T4

29

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.7 HAZOP

1/2

1997 11 4

C1
T1
T2
T1
D1
D3
D1

C1


NO

D3
D4

R
C2

T4
R
T3

30

C2

J. Smith

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.7

2/2

1997 11 4

MORE

C2

C1

T1

T3

C2

Peter
Peterson

T1

T3

LESS

C2

C1

J. Smith

T1
T2

AS

C1

WELL
AS

T1 T2 C2

J. Smith

B.6

31

AQ/T XXXX20XX

TCV

I-5

TSH

FAL

TE

FC
FE

TCV

FCV

I-4

PSHH

PRV

PV

TCV

TC

B.4

FCV FE FC
FAL
PRV TCVPV
TC TC TE TE
/PSHH1-4
TCVTSH
TCV

32

AQ/T XXXX20XX
B.8 HAZOP

MGNEDHEKLB

NO

FCV

FAL
TSH

--
--

FAL
TSH

FE
TCV

LB

NE

--

--
FCV
--
--FCV

--

NO

MORE

MORE

LESS

LESS

--
--

AS WELL AS

--
--FC
--FC

6
--

--

TSH
TCV
TSH
TCV

DH

MG
EK
DH

DH
EK

DH

DH

33

AQ/T XXXX20XX
11
8

REVERSE

OTHER THAN

10

OTHER THAN

11

34

OTHER THAN

DH

EK

--
--

--

--

--

--

--

--

NE

NE

AQ/T XXXX20XX

[1] A Guide to Hazard and Operability Studies. Chemical Industries Association, London, UK, (1977), 1992.
[2] Das PAAG-Verfahren. International Social Security Association, (ISSA), c/o B.G. Chemie, Heidelberg,
Germany, 2000, ISBN 92-843-7037-X..
[3] Storingsanalyse Waarom Wanner Hoe Dutch Labour Inspectorate, 1979. Body of text in Dutch,
appendices in English.
[4] Kletz, Trevor A. HAZOP and HAZAN Identifying and Assessing Chemical Industry Hazards, Institution
of Chemical Engineers, Rugby, UK, 1999, ISBN 0-85295-421-2.
[5] Knowlton, Ellis. An Introduction to Hazard and Operability Studies, the Guide Word Approach,
Chemetics International, Vancouver, Canada, 1992, ISBN 0-9684016-0-0.
(Also available in French, Spanish, Finnish, Arabic, Chinese, Hindi and Korean).
[6] Knowlton, Ellis. A manual of Hazard & Operability Studies, The creative identification of deviations and
disturbances. Chemetics International, Vancouver, Canada, 1992, ISBN 0-9684016-3-5.
[7] Redmill, Felix; Chudleigh, Morris and Catmur, James. System Safety: HAZOP and Software HAZOP.
Wiley, 1999, ISBN 0-471-98280-6.
[8] Crawley, Frank; Preston, Malcolm and Tyler, Brian, HAZOP: Guide to best practice. Guidelines to best
practice for the process and chemical industries. European Process Safety Centre, Chemical Industries
Association & Institution of Chemical Engineers.
Rugby, England, IChem, 2000, ISBN 0-85295-427-1.
[9] Guidelines for Hazard Evaluation Procedures. Center for Chemical Process Safety of the American
Institute of Chemical Engineers, New York, USA, 1999, ISBN 0-8169-0491-X.
[10] Defence Standard 00-58, HAZOP Studies on Systems containing Programmable Electronics, Ministry of
Defence, UK, 2000.

35