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Republic of the Philippines OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT

COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION

CHED MEMORANDUM ORDER


No. 40 ,
Series of ?nm

Subject :
MANUAL OF REGULATIONS FOR PRIVATE HIGHER
EDUCATION OF 200
8
x

1.

Pursuant to the pertinent provisions of the 1987 Constitution, Act No. 2706
as amended by Act No. 3075, Commonwealth Act No. 180, Batas Pambansa
Bilang 232, Republic Act No. 7722 and other applicable legislations and by
virtue of the 318th Commission
Resolution No. 398 - 2008 dated
28 July 2008 . the Commission hereby adopts and promulgates this Manual
of Regulations for Private Higher Education of 2008 for information,
guidance and compliance of all concerned.

en banc

2.

The Manual shall apply to all private higher education institutions


operating under authority of the Commission.

3.

It shall be the responsibility of all school officials of private higher


education institutions to implement the provisions of this Manual.

4.

The CHED Regional Offices shall monitor and ensure the effective
implementation of this Manual.

This Manual of Regulations for Private Higher Education of 2008 shall take
effect fifteen (15) days after publication in the Official Gazette or in a
newspaper of general circulation
.
Pasig City, Philippines,

For the Commission


:

ROMULO L. NERI
Acting Chairman

31, July 2008

5/F Upper DAP Bldg., San Miguel Avenue, Ortigas Center, Pasig City 1605 Philippines Site:
www.ched.gov.ptv Tel. Nos. 633-27-13, 634-68-36, 638-58-35, 636-16-94, Fax No. 635-58-2

COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION

MANUAL OF REGULATIONS

FOR

PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION


2008

Manual of Regulations for Private Higher Education of2008

OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT Republic of the


PhilippinesC O N T E N T S
TITLE

PAGE
A .

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article I.

GENERAL POLICY AND APPLICATION

Section 1.
Section 2.
Section 3.
Section 4.
Section 5.

Title
Policy
Coverage
Application and Construction
Definition of Terms

1
1
1
1
I -5

B. THE HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM


Article II.

FORMAL EDUCATION

Section 6.
Section 7.
Section 8.

Policy
Objectives
Levels

Article III.

ALTERNATIVE SYSTEMS IN EDUCATION

Section 9.
Section 10.
Section 11.

Policy
Objectives
Alternative Systems

6
6

Distance Education
The Expanded Tertiary Education Equivalency
and Accreditation Program (ETEEAP)
Ladderized Education

E-Learning
Open Learning
C. THE COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION
Article IV.

ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL POWERS

Section 12.
Section 13.
Section 14.
Section 15.
Section 16.

Composition
Organization
Regional Offices
Supervision Over Higher Education Institutions
Powers and Functions of the Commission

Section 17.
Section 18.

Minimum Standards or Criteria


Compliance with the Minimum Standards or Criteria:
Effects and Entitlement

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5
6

6
7
7
7
-

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7
7
7
8-9
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9

Manual of Regulations for Private Higher Education of2008

Section 19.

Guarantee of Academic Freedom

Manual of Regulations for Private Higher Education of2008

TITLE

PAGE

D. PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

Manual of Regulations for Private Higher Education of2008

Article V.

Section 20.
Section 21.
Section 22.
Section 23.
Section 24.
Section 25.
Article VI.
Section 26.
Section 27.
Section 28.
Section 29.
Section 30.
Article VII*
Section 31.
Section 32.
Section 33.
Section 34.
Article VIII.

Section 35.
Section 36.
Section 37.
Section 38.
Section 39.

Article IX.
Section 40.
Section 41.
Section 42.

ESTABLISHMENT OF PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

Manual of Regulations for Private Higher Education of2008

9-10
10
11
11
11
11

12-13
13 -14
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14

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15
15
16

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17
17
17
17

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18-19
19

Incorporation of Private Higher Education Institutions; Limitations


Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws
Establishment of a Foreign Higher Education Institution
Establishment of a Branch and Simple Transfer of
Institutional Site or Location

Manual of Regulations for Private Higher Education of2008

Establishment of Extension Classes


Dissolution
INSTITUTIONAL FACILITIES
Institutional Sites and Buildings Library Standards Library Development Program Textbook Selection
Criteria Change in Textbooks
INTERNAL ORGANIZATION: ADMINISTRATORS
Governing Board Qualifications of the Head Qualifications and Functions of the Dean Qualifications
and Functions of the Registrar
INTERNAL ORGANIZATION: ACADEMIC AND NON-ACADEMIC PERSONNEL
Minimum Faculty Qualifications
Full-time and Part-time Faculty
Full-time Faculty Complement
Faculty Classification and Ranking
The Other Institution Officials, Academic Support,
and Non-Academic Personnel
UNIVERSITY STATUS
Policy

Manual of Regulations for Private Higher Education of2008

Standard Requirements Revocation of University StatusTITLE


Article X.

10

PAGE

CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE (COEs) AND

CENTERS OF DEVELOPMENT (CODs)


Section 43.

Policy

19

Section 44.

Application for COE/COD and the Criteria for Selection

19

Section 45.

Responsibilities

19-20

Section 46.

Benefits

20

Article XI.

AUTONOMOUS AND DEREGULATEDSTATUS OF


PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

Section 47.
Section 48.
Secti on 49.
Section 50.
Section 51.
Section 52.

Policy
Criteria for Selection
Benefits of A utonomous Status
Benefits of Deregulated Status
Conditions of Grant
Re-evaluation of Status

20
20
21
22
22
22

E. HIGHER EDUCATION PROGRAMS


Article XH.

OPERATION AND RECOGNITION OFPROGRAMS

Section 53.
Section 54.
Section 55.
Section 56.
Section 57.
Section 58.
Section 59.
Section 60.
Section 61.
Section 62.
Section 63.
Section 64.
Section 65.

Establishment and Recognition Distinguished


Authority to Operate
Nature of Permit or Recognition
The Permit Phase
The Recognition Phase
Validity of the Government Recognition
' Effects of Government Recognition
Effects of the Disapproval/Denial of Recognition
Closure of a Program
Closure of a Higher Education Institution
Actions for Revocation of Permit to Operate
or Recognition
School Advertisement
Prohibited Acts; Penalties

Article XIII.

GRADUATE EDUCATION

Section 66.
Section 67.
Section 68.

Policy
Structure of Graduate Education
Standard Requirements

Article XIV.

ACCREDITATION

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22
22
22 - 23
24
24
24
24-25
25
25-26
26 - 27
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27

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Manual of Regulations for Private Higher Education of2008

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V

Section 69,

Policy

TITLE

PAGE
Article XX.

SCHOOL RECORDS AND TRANSFER OF STUDENTS

Section 94.

Contents

36

Section 95.
Section 96.
Section 97.
Section 98.
Section 99.

36
36
36
37

Section 100.

Transfer of Student and Transfer Credentials


Request and Transfer of School Records
Release of Records
Withholding of Credentials
Denial of Final Examinations/ Withholding of Grades;
and Refusal to Re-enroll
Refunds and Other Charges

Article XXI.

STUDENT DISCIPLINE

Section 101.
Section 102.
Section 103.

Student Absences
Authority to Maintain School Discipline
Authority to Promulgate Institutional Policies,
Rules and Regulations
Disciplinary Sanctions
Administrative Actions and Proceedings
Preventive Suspension and Categories of
Administrative Penalties

Section 104.
Section 105.
Section 106.

Article XXII.

37
37

37
37
38
38
38
38-39

GRADING SYSTEM

Section 107. . Basis for Grading


Section 108. Requirements for Promotion
Section 109. Requirements for Grading

39
39-40
40

Article XXm. GRADUATION


Section 110.
Section 111.
Section 112.

Special Orders
Conditions to the Authority to Graduate Without
Prior Commission Approval
Graduation Honors

Section 113.

Honorary Degrees

40
40 - 41
41
41-42

D. TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT


Article XXIV. PERSONNEL STANDARDS AND TRANSACTIONS
Section 114.

Conditions of Employment

Section 115.
Section 116.
Section 117.
Section 118.
Section 119.
Section 70.
120.

Compensation
Employment Contract
Probationary Period
Regular or Permanent Status
Regular Teaching Load
Normal Hours of Work:

Section 71.

Recognition of Accrediting Bodies/Agencies/


Associations
Levels of Accreditation Status
Candidate Status
Level I Accredited Status
Level II Re-accredited Status
Level III Re-accredited Status
Level IV Accredited Status
Benefits of Program Accreditation

Section 72.

Section 73.

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44
Certifying AgencyTITLE PAGE
28
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28-29
29-30
30-31

Article XV.

INTERNATIONAL LINKAGES AND


TWINNING PROGRAM

Section 74.

Policy

31

Section 75.

Guidelines

31

Article XVI.

TRANSNATIONAL EDUCATION

Section 76.

Policy

31

Section 77.

Guidelines

31

Article XVII.

SCHOOL CALENDAR AND CLASS SIZE

Section 78.
Section 79.

School Calendar
Change in School Calendar

32
32

Section 80.

Class Size

32

Article XVHI. STUDENT ADMISSION


Section 81.
S ecti on 8 2.
Section 83.
Section 84.
Section 85.
Section 86.
Section 87.
Section 88.
Section 89.

Admission Requirements
A dmission of Fore ign Students
Right to Enroll Until Graduation
Rules of Registration
Admission Credentials
Enrollment List and Other Information
Special Students
Special Needs Education
Refresher Course Student

32-33
33
33
33
34
34
34
34-35
35

Article XIX. STUDENT LOAD


Section 90.
Section 91.
Section 92.
Section 93.

Subject Load
Advanced Subjects and Back Subjects
Excess or Over Load
Cross Enrollment
36

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