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Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Department of Mathematics
Semester 1 2013/2014
SSCE 1793 Differential Equations
Instruction: Answer ALL questions.

Test 1 (15%)
Time: 60 minutes

1. Solve the following differential equation


y(1 x)dx = x2 dy.
[4 marks]
2. Show that the value of b = 3 for which the equation is exact. Hence solve the differential
equation.
(xy 2 + bx2 y)dx + (x + y)x2 dy = 0
[7 marks]
3. Find the particular solution using first order linear differential equation for the following
initial value problem:
dy
5y = t3 e5t
dx

y(1) = 0
[6 marks]

4. Show the following differential equation is homogeneous and find the general solution.
x

p
dy
y = x2 y 2
dx
[6 marks]

5. Find the general solution of the second order differential equation.


y 00 + 3y 0 = 2 sin t
[7 marks]

GOOD LUCK!

Solutions:
1.



1x
dx
x2


R 1
1

dx
x2
x
ln y

1
dy
y
R 1
dy
y
R 2
x dx ln x + C

=
=

[M1]
[M1]

1
ln x + C
[J1]
x
A
where A = ec [J1]
1
xe x

2.
M

xy 2 + bx2 y

x3 + x2 y

2xy + bx2

[J1]

3x2 + 2xy

[J1]

bx2

3x2 thus, b = 3 is shown

M dx + (y)

(xy 2 + 3x2 y)dx + (y)

M
y
N
x

x2 y 2
+ x3 y + (y)
2
R
N dy + (x)

x3 y +

Thus, (y)

(x) = C

The solution is u

=
u

(x3 + x2 y)dy + (x)


x2 y 2
+ (x)
2

[M1]
[J1]

[M1]
[J1]

x2 y 2
+ x3 y + C = B
2
x2 y 2
+ x3 y = A where A = B C [J1]
2

3.
p(t)

(t)

e5t

[J1]

q(t)

t3 e5t

[J1/2]

e5t y

e5t t3 e5t dt

y
e5t

t3 dt

=
y

Thus the solution is y

[J1/2]

5dt

[M1]

t4
+C
[J1]
4

 4
t
e5t
+C
given y(1) = 0 [M1]
4
 4

(1)
e5(1)
+C
4
1

4


e5t 4
t 1
[J1]
4

4.
dy
dx

f (x, y)

=
=

v+x

dv
dx

=
=

[M1/2]
[J1/2]

Thus the equation is homogeneous

x2 x2 v 2
v+
[M1]
x

1 v2
v+x
x

1 v2
[J1]

dv
dx

1
dv
1 v2

R 1
dx
x

[M1]

sin1 v

ln x + C

[M1]

sin(ln x + C)

y
x

sin(ln x + C)

x
R

p
x2 y 2
y
+
x
x
p
2 (x2 y 2 )

y
+
x
x
p
y
x2 y 2
+
= f (x, y)
x
x

x sin(ln x + C) [J1]

5.
m2 + 3m

0, m = 3

[J1]

yh

A + Be3x

[J1]

yp

C sin t + D cos t

yp0

C cos t D sin t

yp00

C sin t D cos t

C sin t D cos t + 3(C cos t D sin t)

2 sin t

C sin t 3D sin t

2 sin t

C 3D

2 thus C = 2 3D

D cos t + 3C cos t

3C

3(2 3D)

Thus D

and C

The general solution is y

3
5
1

A + Be3x

[M1]

[M1]

[M1]

[J1/2]
[J1/2]
1
3
sin t cos t [J1]
5
5