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# Queensland University of Technology

QUT

## ENB371: Geotechnical Engineering 2

WEEK 12 PRACTICE QUESTIONS Pile foundations 2
Q1. As shown in the Figure Q1, a pile was driven into the ground where the sand fill was
placed recently. The water table coincides with the top of the clay layer. If L = 15 m, fill
= 17.0 kN/m3, sat(clay) = 19.50 kN/m3, clay = 200, Hf = 3 m, and D (pile diameter) = 406
mm, determine the total downward drag force on the pile. Assume the clay-pile
interface friction angle, = 0.6 clay.

Figure Q1
Q2. The section of 4 x 4 group pile in layered saturated clay is shown in Figure Q2.The piles
are in square in cross section (350 mm x 350 mm). The centre- to-centre spacing d) of
the pile is 1 m. Determine the allowable load bearing capacity of the pile group. Use FS
=3.

Clay
c u = 25 kN / m 2

Clay
c u = 45 kN / m 2

Clay
c u = 60 kN / m 2

Figure Q2

Chaminda Gallage

## Queensland University of Technology

QUT

Q3. Figure Q3 shows a group of pile in clay. Determine the consolidation settlement of the
pile group.
(a) Using the equivalent raft method
(b) Using the method proposed by DAS

1335 kN

Sand

= 15.7 kN / m 3
Sand

= 18.6 kN / m3

3mx3m
group plan

## Normally consolidated clay

sat = 19 kN / m 3
e0 = 0.8
C c = 0 .8

## Normally consolidated clay

sat = 18 kN / m 3

e0 = 1.0 C c = 0.31

Rock
Figure Q3

Chaminda Gallage

## Queensland University of Technology

QUT

APPENDIX A

fn exist from z = 0 to z = L1
Neutral depth (L1) (Bowles, 1982)
L1 = {(L Hf)/L1}{((L Hf)/2 + (f Hf)/} {(2 f Hf)/}
L1 = L Hf for end bearing pile
f and = Effective unit weight of fill and underlying clay layer

## Unit negative skin friction = fn = K 0 tan

o = effective vertical stress at any depth = f . Z
f = effective unit weight of fill (If the fill is above the water table, f , should be replaced
with bulk unit weight)
= soil-pile friction angle 0.5-0.7
K=earthe pressure coefficient = K0 = 1-sin
=Effective friction angle of clay

z=H f

pzf
z =0

z=H f

= p zf n
z =0

Chaminda Gallage

QUT

## APPENDIX B: Qu(g) of Pile Group in Clay

As sum of single piles
Qu(g) = n1 n2 [9 Ap cu(p) + p cu L] OR
As a pile group or block pile (after Meyerhof)

Chaminda Gallage

QUT

## Depth of influence: distance from the base of equivalent raft to the

bedrock or to a depth of 3 Bg, whichever is smaller in value.
Consolidation settlement of pile group, calculated by considering each soil layer under the
equivalent raft, up to a depth of 3 Bg if no hard rock is found. Stresses are calculated at
the mid-point of each layer.

Chaminda Gallage

QUT

Chaminda Gallage