You are on page 1of 78

Tekla Structures

14.0
4 2008
2008 Tekla Corporation

2008 Tekla

TeklaTekla Structures, XcityXengineerXpipeXpowerXsteel Xstreet Tekla


Corporation / /
Tekla

D-Cubed 2D DCM 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd.
EPM toolkit 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s.,
XML parser 1999 The Apache Software Foundation.
Project Data Control Library 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft.
DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries 1998-2005 Open Design

FLEXnet 2006 Macrovision Corporation / Macrovision Europe Ltd


Macrovision Europe Ltd. Macrovision Corporation
Macrovision Europe Ltd. Macrovision Corporation

Macrovision Europe Ltd. Macrovision Corporation


Macrovision Europe Ltd. Macrovision
Corporation
/ /

...................................................................... 7
...............................................................7
...........................................................7
...........................................................8
...............................................................9

................................................... 11
1.1 ...............................................................11
......................................................................................................... 13
.................................................................................................. 13
1.2 .......................................................14
......................................................................................................... 15
......................................................................................................... 17
......................................................................................................... 17
......................................................................................................... 18
................................................................................................................. 19
................................................................................................................. 20
.................................................................................................. 20
..................................................................................................... 21
.................................................................................................. 22
............................................................................................................ 23
.................................................................................................. 23
- ............................................................................................... 24
................................................................................................................ 24
......................................................................................................... 24
................................................................................................................ 26
..................................................................................................... 27
.............................................................................................. 27
.................................................................................................. 27
Kmode .................................................................................................... 28
1.3 ...................................................29
......................................................................................................... 32
......................................................................................................... 33
1.4 .....................................................34
.................................................................................................. 34
................................................................................................................. 35
.................................................................................... 35
......................................................................................................... 36
......................................................................................................... 36
................................................................................................................ 37

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

....................................................... 39
2.1 .............................................................. 39
.................................................................................................. 40
2.2 .......................................................... 40
............................................................................................................. 40
......................................................................................................... 41
............................................................................................................. 42
........................................................................................... 42
...................................................................................................... 42
........................................................................................... 42
2.3 .................................................... 43
................................................................................................................ 43
................................................................................................................ 44
................................................................................................................ 45
..................................................................................................... 46
2.4 .......................................................... 46
....................................................................................... 46
.................................................................................................. 47
........................................................................................... 47
......................................................................................................... 48
2.5 .......................................................... 49
.............................................................................................. 49
................................................................................ 50
.................................................................................................. 50
2.6 .......................................................... 51

................................................. 53
3.1 ...................................................... 53
................................................................................ 54
.................................................................................................. 55
....................................................................................... 56
.............................................................................................. 56
Analysis part properties ......................................................................................... 57
3.2 ...................................................... 60
.................................................................................................. 61
................................................................................................... 62
.................................................................................................................... 62
......................................................................................................... 63
................................................................................................................ 63
....................................................................................... 64
................................................................................................................ 65
................................................................................................................ 65
................................................................................................................ 66
..................................................................................................... 67
.......................................................................................................... 67
STAAD.Pro ....................................................................... 67
3.3 .......................................................... 68

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

......................................................................................................... 68
......................................................................................................... 68
......................................................................................................... 68
......................................................................................................... 70
......................................................................................................... 70
.......................................................................................... 71
......................................................................................................... 72
3.4 ... .........................................72
................................................................................... 73
.............................................................................................. 73
................................................................. 73
......................................................................................................... 76
................................................................................................................ 76
......................................................................................................... 77
3.5 .....................................................77

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

Tekla Structures
Tekla Structures
PDF

(p. 7)

(p. 8)

(p. 9)

(p. 7)

Tekla Structures

http://www.tekla.com

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

TeklaStructures.Support.CHI@Tekla.com

TeklaStructures.Support.FI@Tekla.com

TeklaStructures.Support.FR@Tekla.com

TeklaStructures.Support.GER@Tekla.com

TeklaStructures.Support.JPN@Tekla.com

TeklaStructures.Support.MY@Tekla.com

TeklaStructures.Support.ME@Tekla.com

TeklaStructures.Support.SWE@Tekla.com

TeklaStructures.Support.UK@Tekla.com

TeklaStructures.Support.US@Tekla.com

>Web Tekla> ...


Tekla Structures
Tekla Structures
BetC_Documentation@tekla.com
Tekla Extranet

Tekla Extranet

https://extranet.tekla.com Tekla
Structures > > Tekla Extranet Tekla Extranet

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

Tekla Structures HTML

Tekla Structures
Tekla Structures DVD

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

Tekla Structures

TplEd

SymEd
SymEd

Tekla Structures

10

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

Tekla Structures
Tekla Structures

Assumed
background

(p. 11)

(p. 34)

(p. 14)

1.1

Tekla Structures

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

11

Tekla Structures
(p. 39)

Tekla Structures Tekla


Structures

Analysis
application

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures Tekla
https://extranet.tekla.com Tekla Structures
> > Tekla Tekla Extranet

12

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures
1.

2.
(p. 14)
3. (p. 39)
4. (p. 53)
(p. 55)
5. (p. 60)
6.
7. Tekla Structures
(p. 73) (p. 73)
8. Analysis part
properties (p. 57)

Tekla Structures

(p. 13)

(p. 36)

(p. 36)

(p. 37)

(p. 34)


Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

13

Tekla Structures

(p. 17) (p. 62)

(p. 18)

(p. 63)

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures
(p. 34)

1.2

, ,

14

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0


(p. 29)

(p. 60)

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

15

Light gray

Dark red

xy

column_filter

ACI BS 8110

Tekla Structures

Aqua
Lime
Pink

(p.
34)
Tekla Structures
1. > > ...

16

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

2.
3.
4.


Tekla Structures (p. 13)
(p. 34)

Tekla Structures
(p. 62)

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

17

Dx

Dx


Dx

Tekla Structures

, Tekla Structures

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

(p. 15)

Tekla Structures
:

x y

x y


(p. 29)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

19


(p. 48)

xy z
12

20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0


1.
2. > >

3.
4. ...
5. xy z
xy z
6.


(p. 55)

Tekla Structures

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

21

(p. 63)


1. 2.

(p. 24) (p.


24)

(p. 17)

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

(61) (62)

22

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

Tekla Structures

(p. 15)

(p.
17)


Tekla Structures

x y x y

column_filter

1.
2.
3.
4.

/
- (p. 24)

, :

Tekla Structures

ID

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

23

Rib

Tekla
Structures

(DOF)

Tekla Structures


1. 2.

Tekla Structures

24

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

25

Tekla
Structures

0 1

(p. 67)

26

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

-
-


Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures
1.
2.
3.

4. K*L K L
Kmode (p. 27)
5.


Tekla Structures Tekla Structures

K*L K L

1.
2. Kmode Kmode (p. 28)
3. K -
Kmode

3*2.00

4. L -


Kmode
3*4000

5. > >

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

27

Kmode
Kmode Tekla Structures

28

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

1.3
Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures (p. 53) Analysis part properties (p. 57)

...

(2)

Dx

Dx

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

29

(p.
32)

(p.
32)

1000 1500 3000

( )

(z)

ID

ID

( ID)


( ID)

Tekla Structures

30

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

HEA120|HEA140

(p.
33)

0 =
1 =

0 =

111 =

001 =

100 =

(
)

( )

( )

ID ( /
)

IDs

IDs

1203 -1205 -1206

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

31

( IDs)

(p. 35)

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

32

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0


(p. 63)

1 / 0

1 =
0 =

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

33


Tekla Structures

010
100
2

101

1.4

Tekla Structures

34

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

Tekla Structures
(p. 61)

(p. 62)

(p. 15)

Tekla Structures


(p. 29)

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

10 mmTekla Structures
1.
2.

10 mm Tekla Structures
1mm

Tekla Structures

(p. 29)

( IDs)

(p. 63)

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

35

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures
(p. 47)

Tekla Structures

110 mm

Tekla Structures
1. > > ... >
2.
3.
4.

36

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

(p. 68)

AISC

UBC

CM66

BAEL91

IBC

ACI

318

5.

Tekla Structures P-delta



Tekla Structures (p. 65)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

37

38

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

Tekla
Structures

Assumed
background

Tekla Structures

(p. 39)

(p. 43)

(p. 46)

(p. 49)

(p. 51)

(p. 40)

2.1
Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures


Tekla Structures

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

39

(p. 40) (p. 68)

(p. 43)

Tekla Structures
(p. 46)
(p.
47)

Tekla Structures


(p. 70)

(28)

x y
1.
2.
(p. 65)

(p. 68)
(p. 46)

2.2
Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

(p. 36)

40

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

Tekla Structures
(p. 40)


xy z (p. 45)
Tekla Structures

z x y
x y

Tekla Structures > >


... > (p. 36) (p. 68)

Tekla Structures

x
y Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures x y
Tekla Structures

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

41

> > ... >


Tekla
Structures

Tekla Structures

...

...

Tekla Structures lgr


...\TeklaStructures\* *\environments\* *\system
DefaultLoadGroups.lgr

42

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

2.3

>

Tekla Structures

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

43

Tekla Structures

44

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

(p. 47)

xy z


(p. 44)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

45

(+) (-)
> > ...

2.4

Tekla Structures

46

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

(p. 47)

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

xy z
(p. 49)
(p.
47)

a b

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

47

Tekla Structures
; :

:Tekla Structures

: Tekla
Structures 1

3/8 5/8 1/2 1/2

No

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

0.50

2.5

Tekla Structures

1.
2. Tekla Structures

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

49

3.

Tekla Structures

> > ... >

1 kN 250 mm 10 kN
2500 mm 1 kN 10 kN Tekla Structures
250 mm 2500 mm

(28)

x 1 3

50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

(28)

2.6
>

...

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

51

52

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

Tekla Structures

1 (p. 11)

(p. 53)

(p. 68)

... (p. 72)

(p. 77)

(p. 60)

3.1

Tekla Structures

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

53

Tekla Structures

> ...

Tekla
Structures
Tekla Structures


Tekla Structures

1. > ...

2. ...

1.
2.

3.

4.

5.

1.
2.
3.
4.

5.

54

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

1 2

1 2

, 1

, 2

1 2

...

1.

adrules
2.
3.

>

1.

2.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

55

3. D

1.
2. > >

1.
2. > >


(p. 56)

56

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

1. > > ...

2.

1.
2.
3.
4.

1.
2.
3.

Analysis part properties


An analysis part is a representation of analysis properties applied to a
physical part. It indicates, for example, the location of the member axis.
Tekla Structures
You can use the properties of analysis parts to fine-tune analysis model
geometry for specific parts, for example, for built-up sections.
To access the properties of an analysis part:
1. Select the part.
2. Click Analysis > Properties > Analysis Part....
The Analysis Part Properties dialog box is displayed.
The table below describes the analysis part properties. They correspond to the
user-defined attributes (UDA) of parts used in the previous versions of Tekla
Structures.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

57

Property

Built-up section
mode

Indicates the role of the part in a


built-up section that consists of a
main part and one or more sub-parts. In
the analysis, merges the sub-parts to
the main part.

Corresponding
UDA

The options are:

Automatic
Not part of built-up section: Discon-

nects the part from a built-up


section.

Main part of built-up section: Always

use to define the main part of a


built-up section.

Sub-part of built-up section

Beam sub-part of built-up section:

Defines that the main part is a


beam.

Column sub-part of built-up section:

Defines that the main part is a


column.
Exact connectivity

Merge distance on
part

Keep axis position


always

Tekla
Structures

Fixed level (z) of


member

(z)

Replacement profile
name

HEA120|HEA140

58

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

Corresponding
UDA

Property

Longitudinal offset
mode

Defines whether the longitudinal analysis offsets Dx of the physical part


are used (part properties dialog box,
Analysis tab).

See also (p. 17).


The options are:

Curved beam mode

Offsets are not considered

Offsets are always considered

Only extensions are considered

Defines whether a beam is analyzed as


a curved beam or as straight segments.
Select either:

Use curved member


Split into straight segments

Use the variable


XS_AD_CURVED_BEAM_SPLIT_ACCURACY_MM
in Tools > Options > Advanced Options... >
Analysis & Design to define how closely
straight segments follow the curved
beam.
Design group

( )

No. of split nodes

(p. 32)
Split distances


1000 1500 3000

(p. 32)
Rigid link

(p. 33)
Pinned rigid link
(to part names)

(
)

Simple plate model

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

59

Property

Corresponding
UDA

Smallest hole size


to consider

( )

Supported

The options are:

Beam offsets tab

Use to move analysis part ends to force


members to meet in the analysis model.

You can also move analysis part ends


using handles. See (p.
55).

3.2
Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures
(p. 14).

60

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

Defining
analysis model
properties

1. Analysis > Analysis & Design Models....


2. New....
To view or modify the properties of an existing analysis model:
1. Analysis > Analysis & Design Models....
2.
3. ...

Analysis
application

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

Tekla
Structures

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

61

Tekla Structures
(p. 34)
Tekla Structures

(S78)

(S58) (S91)

(61) (62)

(S75)

(p. 62)


Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

(p. 73)
(p. 73)

Tekla Structures

62

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

(p. 17)

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

(p. 73)

(p. 24)
Tekla Structures
1.
(p. 21)
2.

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures
Tekla Structures (p. 34)

(XS_AD_NODE_COLLISION_CHECK_DISTANCE)
Tekla Structures

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

63

(p. 33)

= PL300.0*300.0

= 0.0

Modulus of elasticity = 100*109 N/m2

= 0.30

= 0.0 1/K

(p. 73)

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures
Tekla Structures

64

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

Tekla Structures

P-delta

P-delta Tekla Structures

z x y

UBC 1997

1997

UBC 1994

1994

IBC 2000

2000

IS 1893-2002

IBC 2003

2003

AIJ

x y Rw

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

65

SDSSD1S1

NA NV

CT

x y

1.
Tekla Structures
2.

Tekla Structures

3.

4.

66

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

XYZ

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures


(p. 26)

STAAD.Pro
STAAD.Pro Tekla Structures

STAAD.Pro

STAAD.Pro

ob ?

(p. 76)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

67

3.3

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures

ID

(p. 36)

(p. 68)

(p. 41)

(p. 68)

ID


> > ... >
(p. 36)

( sup)

( sup)

( inf)

( inf)


0 1 2

68

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

(LG)

1.00

(ULS)

AISC

AISC

CM66 BAEL91

CM66
BAEL91

(SLS RC)
?

(SLS QP)

(SLS)

CM66

CM66

CM66

BAEL91

BAEL91

US IBC

IBC (US)
IBC (US)

IBC (US)

IBC (US)

US UBC

UBC (US)

UBC (US)

UBC (US)

UBC (US)

UBC (US)

UBC (US)

UBC (US)

UBC (US)

ACI 1 - ACI 8

ACI
318

ACI

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

69

1. > ...
2. ...
ID

...

(p. 72)

...

> > ... >


(p. 70)

1. ...

70

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

2. (p.
68)
3.
(p. 71)
4.
Tekla Structures
> > ... >
(p. 70) (p. 72)



(p. 40)

x y

-x -y

(p. 65)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

71

Tekla Structures
x -x y -y

1. ...

2. (p. 68)
3.
4.
5.
6.
(p. 70) (p. 70)

3.4 ...
> ...

72

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

1. > ...
2.
3. Tekla Structures

(p. 76)

1.
2. > ...
3.
4.
5.

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures Tekla Structures


1. > ...
2.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

73

3. Tekla Structures
4.
Tekla Structures

74

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

1.
2. ...
3.
4.

>
> ... > FALSE

XS_AD_MEMBER_TYPE_VISUALIZATION

XS_AD_NODE_NUMBER_VISUALIZATION

XS_AD_SUPPORT_VISUALIZATION

XS_AD_MEMBER_NUMBER_VISUALIZATION

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

75

1. > ...
2.
3. ...

ID

1. > ...
2.
3.

76

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

> ...

Tekla Structures

1.
2. > ...
3.
4. > > ...
5.
6. ...
7. Tekla Structures

8. Tekla Structures

AD$$UtilityRatio

3.5
...

...


...

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0

77

78

...

(p.
53)


(p.
56)


(p.
56)

...


(p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 14.0