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Instrumentation and Process Control
Instrumentation and Process Control

Lecture 2: Design Aspects of a Process Control System

Dr. –Ing. Naveed Ramzan Department of Chemical Engineering, U.E.T. Lahore Pakistan Department of Chemical Engineering, U.E.T.
Dr. –Ing. Naveed Ramzan
Department of Chemical Engineering, U.E.T. Lahore Pakistan
Department of Chemical Engineering, U.E.T. Lahore Pakistan
6. Februar 2008 /
Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan
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Modelling and Simulation
Classification of Variables in a Chemical Process
Classification of Variables in a Chemical Process
Classification of Variables in a Chemical Process 6. Februar 2008 / Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan ‹#›
Classification of Variables in a Chemical Process
Classification of Variables in a Chemical Process
Example
Example

6. Februar 2008 /

Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan

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Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System 6. Februar 2008 / Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan ‹#›

6. Februar 2008 /

Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan

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Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System 6. Februar 2008 / Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan ‹#›
Design Elements of a Control System 6. Februar 2008 / Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan ‹#›

6. Februar 2008 /

Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan

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Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System Primary Measurements 6. Februar 2008 / Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan

Primary Measurements

Design Elements of a Control System Primary Measurements 6. Februar 2008 / Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System Secondary Measurements Unmeasured output=ƒ(Secondary measurements) 6. Februar 2008 / Dr.

Secondary Measurements Unmeasured output=ƒ(Secondary measurements)

Design Elements of a Control System Secondary Measurements Unmeasured output=ƒ(Secondary measurements) 6. Februar 2008 / Dr.
Design Elements of a Control System Secondary Measurements Unmeasured output=ƒ(Secondary measurements) 6. Februar 2008 / Dr.
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System Direct Measurements of external disturbances 6. Februar 2008 / Dr.

Direct Measurements of external disturbances

Design Elements of a Control System Direct Measurements of external disturbances 6. Februar 2008 / Dr.
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System 6. Februar 2008 / Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan ‹#›
Design Elements of a Control System 6. Februar 2008 / Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan ‹#›
Design Elements of a Control System 6. Februar 2008 / Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan ‹#›
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System A control configuration is the information structure that is used

A control configuration is the information structure that is used to connect the available measurements to the available manipulated variables.

Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System Same information to different flows manipulated variables 6. Februar 2008
Design Elements of a Control System Same information to different flows manipulated variables 6. Februar 2008

Same

information

Design Elements of a Control System Same information to different flows manipulated variables 6. Februar 2008

to

different

flows

manipulated variables

6. Februar 2008 /

Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan

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Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System Same manip ulated variables but different measurements 6. Februar 2008
Design Elements of a Control System Same manip ulated variables but different measurements 6. Februar 2008
Design Elements of a Control System Same manip ulated variables but different measurements 6. Februar 2008

Same

manipulated variables but different

measurements

6. Februar 2008 /

Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan

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Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System General Control Configurations Feedback control configuration Feedforward control configuration 6.

General Control Configurations

Design Elements of a Control System General Control Configurations Feedback control configuration Feedforward control configuration 6.

Feedback control configuration

Feedforward control configuration

Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System General Control Configurations Inferential control configuration 6. Februar 2008 /

General Control Configurations

Design Elements of a Control System General Control Configurations Inferential control configuration 6. Februar 2008 /

Inferential control configuration

Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System General Control Configurations --- Sin gle input , Sin gle

General Control Configurations

--- Single input , Single output (SISO)

  • --- Multiple input , Multiple output (MIMO)

Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System
Design Elements of a Control System --- Proportional Contro l --- Derivative Control --- Integral Control

--- Proportional Control

--- Derivative Control

--- Integral Control

--- Proportional Integral Control

--- Proportional Integral Derivative Control

Hardware for a process Control System
Hardware for a process Control System
  • --- Chemical Process

--- Measurement Instruments or sensors

--- Transducers

  • --- Transmission lines

--- The Controller

--- The Final Control Element

--- Recording Elements

Hardware for a process Control System
Hardware for a process Control System
Hardware for a process Control System 6. Februar 2008 / Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan ‹#›
6. Februar 2008 / Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan ‹#› Modelling and Simulation
6. Februar 2008 /
Dr. –Ing Naveed Ramzan
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Modelling and Simulation