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1.

What Z-value is associated with a 95% confidence


interval?
A. 1.28
B. 1.65
C. 1.96
D. 2.58
2.
Which of the following is NOT a property of the t
distribution?
A. It is symmetric.
B. Its exact shape (i.e., spread) is characterized by the
degrees of freedom.
C. As the sample size grows, it gradually approaches the
normal distribution.
D. All of the above are properties of the t distribution.
3.
A 95% confidence interval for the mean can be
interpreted to mean which of the following?
A. If all possible samples are taken and confidence intervals
calculated, 95% of those intervals would include the true
population mean somewhere in their interval.
B. You can be 95% confident that you have selected a
sample whose interval includes the population mean.
C. Both answers #1 and #2 are correct.
D. Neither answer #1 nor #2 is correct.
4.
Two random samples have sizes of n=49 and n=36
respectively. Which of the following is true for a 95%
confidence interval?
A. The sample of n=36 has a greater degree of confidence.
B. The sample of n=49 has a greater degree of confidence.
C. The confidence interval for the sample of n=49 is
narrower.
D. The confidence interval for the sample of n=49 is wider.
5.
The Z value selected for constructing a given
confidence interval is also called what?
A. The Z value is also called the critical value.
B. The Z value is also called the student value.
C. The Z value is also called the confidence value.
D. The Z value is often called the error value.
6.
A sample of 50 students was taken from the local
university. These students spent an average of $170 on
books this semester, with a standard deviation of $25.50.
Which of the following could you say with 95% confidence
was the average spent on books by these 50 students?
A. $170 plus or minus $3.46
B. $170 plus or minus $5.95
C. $170 plus or minus $8.42
D. None of these is correct.
7.
A random sample of 72 statistics students was taken
to estimate the proportion of students who also were in the
Math Club. The 90% confidence interval was 0.438 to
0.642. Using this information, what size sample would be
necessary to estimate
A. 105
B. 150
C. 420
D. 597

8.
The following sample was taken from a normally
distributed population: 15, 22, 10, 15, 11, 17, and 8.
Calculate the 95% confidence interval for this sample.
A. 14 plus or minus 6.52
B. 14 plus or minus 10.35
C. 14 plus or minus 8.97
D. 14 plus or minus 4.40
9.
The width of a confidence interval for a proportion
will be
A. narrower for 99% confidence than for 95% confidence.
B. wider for a sample of size 100 than for a sample of size
50.
C. wider for 90% confidence than for 95% confidence.
D. wider when the sample proportion is 0.50 than when the
sample proportion is 0.20.
10.
A sample size of 200 light bulbs was tested and
found that 11 were defective. What is the 95% confidence
interval around this sample proportion?
A. 0.055 plus or minus 0.032
B. 0.055 plus or minus 0.009
C. 0.055 plus or minus 0.044
D. 0.055 plus or minus 0.018
11.
The sample mean is an unbiased point estimator of
A. the population variance.
B. the population mean.
C. the population proportion.
D. None of the above
12.
An economist is interested in studying the incomes
of consumers in a particular region. The population
standard deviation is known to be $1,000. What sample size
would the economist need to use for a 95% confiden7ce
interval if the width of the interval should not be more than
$100?
A. 20
B. 40
C. 385
D. 1537
13.
The confidence interval for the difference between
two population means that are normally distributed where
the population variances are unknown but assumed equal
rely on
A. the average sample variance.
B. the estimated sample variance.
C. Satterthwaite's approximation.
D. the pooled sample variance.
14.
In a random sample of 400 Georgia residents, 272
indicated they were home owners. In another random
sample of 600 Florida residents, 390 were home owners.
What is the 99%
confidence interval for the difference between the
proportions?
A. 0.030 plus or minus 0.016
B. 0.030 plus or minus 0.035
C. 0.030 plus or minus 0.051
D. 0.030 plus or minus 0.077
15.
If you were running
a small sample (e.g., n=24) two-sided test at level of
significance .05, then the critical t-value would be
_________.

A. 1.711
D. 1.96

B. 2.069

C. 1.714

16.
A student claims that he can correctly identify
whether a person is a business major or an agriculture
major by the way the person dresses. Suppose in actuality
that he can correctly identify a business major 87% of the
time, while 16% of the time he mistakenly identifies an
agriculture major as a business major. Presented with one
person and asked to identify the major of this person (who
is either a business or agriculture major), he considers this
to be a hypothesis test with the null hypothesis being that
the person is a business major and the alternative that the
person is an agriculture major. What would be a Type I
error?
A. Saying that the person is an agriculture major when in
fact the person is a business major.
B. Saying that the person is a business major when in fact
the person is a business major.
C. Saying that the person is a business major when in fact
the person is an agriculture major.
D. Saying that the person is an agriculture major when in
fact the person is an agriculture major.
17.
The probability of rejecting the null hypothesis that
is true is
A. known as the confidence level.
B. p-value.
C. power of the test.
D. significance level.
18.
A small business college claims that their average
class size is equal to 35 students. This claim is being tested
with alpha equal to 0.05 using the following sample of class
sizes: 42, 28, 36, 47, 35, 41, 33, 30, 39, and 48. Assume
class sizes are normally distributed. What is the test statistic
and what conclusions will be drawn?
A. Since the test statistics equals 1.36, we reject the null
hypothesis and conclude that class size does not equal 35
students.
B. Since the test statistics equals 1.36, we fail to reject the
null hypothesis and conclude that class size does equal 35
students.
C. Since the test statistics equals 2.26, we reject the null
hypothesis and conclude that class size does not equal 35
students.
D. Since the test statistics equals 2.26, we fail to reject the
null hypothesis and conclude that class size does equal 35
students.
19.
Each of the following statements is true except:
A. The level of significance of a hypothesis test is called
alpha
B. The probability of making a Type II error is called beta.
C. The probability of rejecting a null hypothesis when it is
true is called alpha
D. The probability of making a Type I error is called beta.
20.
Test at the level of significance of 0.01 that 55% of
season ticket holders plan to buy season tickets the next
year. The local newspaper reports that the proportion of
those season ticket holders who buy tickets next year is not
equal to 55%. A random sample of 400 season ticket
holders reveals that 228 will buy season tickets next year.

What decision should be made regarding the null


hypothesis?
A. reject it
B. none of the above
C. do not reject it
D. cannot accept or reject it
21.
A local eat-in pizza restaurant wants to investigate
the possibility of starting to deliver pizzas. The owner of
the store has determined the home delivery will be
successful if the average time spent on the deliveries does
not exceed 38 minutes. The owner has randomly selected
15 customers and has delivered pizzas to their homes. What
assumption is necessary for the test above to be valid?
A. The population variance must equal the population
mean.
B. None of these assumptions are necessary.
C. The population of paired differences must be normal
D. The population of delivery times must have a normal
distribution.
22.
The alternative hypothesis for the difference
between two means is "mu1-mu2 is not equal 0".
For this test, the test statistic, z is 3.09. What is the p-value
for the test?
A. 0.05
B. 0.001
C. 0.002
D. 0.499
23.
A study by a corporation revealed that the mean
weekly salary for managers in department A was $1,200
with a standard deviation of $100 (sample size = 64) while
the mean weekly salary for managers in department B was
$1350 and a standard deviation of $150 ( sample size = 81 )
The hypothesis test is to be conducted at the level of
significance of 5%. The critical region for this test is
A. z < -1.645
B. z > 1.96 or z < -1.96
C. -1.96 < z < 1.96
D. z >1.645
24.
Which of the following statements is not correct for
the F distribution?
A. Degrees of freedom for the numerator can exceed
degrees of freedom for the denominator or be smaller than
or equal to the degrees of freedom for the denominator.
B. Degrees of freedom for the denominator are always
smaller than the degrees of freedom for the numerator.
C. The F distribution is used to compare two population
variances.
D. The exact shape of the F distribution depends upon the
degrees of freedom associated with the two samples.
25.
A researcher wanted to investigate which of two
newly developed automobile engine oils (A and B) is better
at prolonging the life of the engine. Since there are a variety
of automobile engines that are used in today's cars, 20
different engine types were randomly selected and were
tested using each of the two engine oils. The number of
hours of continuous use before engine breakdown was
recorded for each engine oil. Based on the information
provided, what type of analysis will yield the most useful
information?
A. Matched pairs comparison of population proportions
B. Matched pairs comparison of population means

C. Independent samples comparison of population means


D. Independent samples comparison of population
proportions
26.
I would like to test the null hypothesis that the
population mean is 50 versus the alternative that it is not
50. My sample size is 6, and the sample mean is 38 with
sample standard deviation of 16. At = 0.05, I should:
A)
strongly reject the null hypothesis
B)
mildly reject the null hypothesis
C)
fail to reject the null hypothesis
D)
accept the alternative hypothesis
E)
there is insufficient information to determine
27.
The proportion of defective items is not allowed to
be over 15%. A buyer wants to test whether the proportion
of defectives exceeds the allowable limit. The buyer takes a
random sample of 100 items and finds that 19 are defective.
State the null and alternative hypotheses for this test.
A)
H0: p .15, H1: p > .15
B)
H0: p < .15, H1: p .15
C)
H0: p = .15, H1: p .15
D)
H0: p < .15, H1: p > .15
E)
none of the above
28.
A manufacturer claims that his tires last at least
40,000 miles. A test on 25 tires reveals that the mean life of
a tire is 39,750 miles, with a standard deviation of 387
miles. Compute the test statistic.
A)
t = -0.65
B)
t = 3.23
C)
t = -3.23
D)
t = 0.65
E)
none of the above
29.
Given a p-value of 0.065, and using the customary
= 5%, the conclusion should be:
A)
accept the null hypothesis
B)
reject the null hypothesis
C)
not enough information to determine
30.
A random sample of 36 items gave a sample mean
of 48 and a sample standard deviation of 12. Compute the
p-value to test whether or not the population mean is equal
to 50.
A)
0.3413
B)
-0.4772
C)
0.1587
D)
0.6826
E)
0.3174
31.
I want to conduct a statistical test of whether or not
the population mean is 70. My sample mean is 71, my
sample standard deviation is 5, and my sample size is 100.
The result is:
A)
not significant
B)
significant
C)
very significant
D)
cant tell
32.
When testing for the equality of two population
means, using = 0.05 with n1 = 12 and n2 =10, the critical
points are:

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

+2.704 and 2.704


+1.96 and 1.96
+2.086 and 2.086
+1.645 and 1.645
none of the above

Use the following to answer questions 6, 7, 8:


A company made a major change in its advertising theme
this year and is interested in knowing whether there is any
significant increase in sales over last year. The following
data is the sales in thousands for different stores over the
country, and has been adjusted for inflation. Take the
difference as (current years sales last years sales).
Store
Last Years Sales
Current
Years
Sales
1
183
206
2
406
528
3
388
678
4
694
601
5
274
258
6
137
170
7
33
31
8
1423
1468

33.
State the null and alternative hypotheses to test the
hypothesis that the change in advertising has increased
sales.
a)
H0: D > 0, H1: D 0
b)
H0: D 0, H1: D > 0
c)
H0: D 0, H1: D < 0
d)
H0: D = 0, H1: D > 0
e)
none of the above
34.
Find the critical value to test the hypothesis that the
change in advertising has increased sales, using = 0.05.
a)
+1.645
b)
+1.96
c)
+2.365
d)
+1.895
e)
none of the above
35.
Construct a 95% confidence interval for the average
change in sales.
a)
50.25 (2.365) (40.385)
b)
50.25 (1.96) (40.385)
c)
50.25 (1.895) (40.385)
d)
50.25 (2.306) (40.385)
e)
none of the above
Use the following to answer questions 9, 10:
A programmer has written a software package that points
out errors in programs. Previously, this was done manually.
The mean number of errors the software picket out of 100
different programs was 15, with a standard deviation of 8.2.
The mean number of errors picked out manually, out of 100
programs, was 13, with a standard deviation of 4.9. We
want to test whether there is evidence that this software
picks out more errors than checking manually does.
Assume that the software is population 1 and manual
checking is population 2.
36.
State the null and alternative hypotheses to test
whether this software does pick out more errors.

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

H0: 1 - 2 0, H1: 1 - 2 > 0


H0: 1 - 2 = 0, H1: 1 - 2 0
H0: 1 - 2 0, H1: 1 - 2 < 0
H0: 1 - 2 > 0, H1: 1 - 2 0
none of the above

37.
Find the critical points to test whether this software
does find more errors, at = 0.05.
a)
+1.96
b)
+1.645
c)
+1.282
d)
+2.575
e)
+2.33

44. How many Kleenex should the Kimberly Clark


Corporation package of tissues contain? Researchers
determined that 60 tissues is the average number of tissues
used during a cold. Suppose a random sample of 10000
Kleenex users yielded the following data on the number of
tissues used during a cold: Give the null and alternative
hypothesis to determine if the number of tissues used
during a cold is less than 60.
A. H0: = 60 vs. H1: > 60
B. H0:
= 60 vs. H1: < 60
C. H0: = 60 vs. H1: 60
D. H0:
> 60 vs. H1: <= 60

38.
When testing for the equality of two population
proportions, the F distribution is:
a)
sometimes appropriate
b)
never appropriate
c)
only appropriate if both sample sizes are less than
30
d)
only appropriate if at least one sample is at least 30
e)
used when the two variances are not equal

45. Two samples each of size 25 are taken from


independent populations assumed to be normally
distributed with equal variances. The first sample has a
mean of 35.5 and standard deviation of 3.0 while the
second sample has a mean of 33.0 and standard deviation of
4.0. The computed t statistic is _____.
A. 3.6
B. 5
C. 2.5
D. 1.85

39.
Calculate the pooled variance for the following
sample data.

47. When the sample size increases, everything else


remaining the same, the width of a confidence interval for
the population parameter will:
A. Increase
B. Decrease
C. Remain unchanged
D. Sometimes increases and sometimes decreases
E. Impossible to tell

Sample
mean
40
30
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Sample Variance

Sample Size

10
12

12
15

3.33
124.64
11.12
34.4
none of the above

40.
Compute the p-value for a two-tailed test of the
difference in two means, with both sample sizes at least 30,
if the test statistic is z = 2.50. 0.0124
41. ........................................... A survey was conducted
to see if the proportion of men and women liking this brand
of jeans differed. In a sample of 100 men and 90 women,
62 of the men liked the jeans, and 66 of the women liked
the jeans. Construct a 95% confidence interval for the
difference in the proportion of men and women liking these
jeans.
CI =
42. A Type II error occurs when
A. We accept a false null hypothesis.
alternate hypothesis.
C. We reject a false null hypothesis.
above.

B. We reject a true
D. None of the

43. If a hypothesis test leads to the rejection of the null


hypothesis
A. a Type II error is always committed
B
a
Type I error is always committed
C. a Type I error may have been committed
D. a Type II error may have been committed

48. Weekly sales of diet coke at each of twelve Target


stores are recorded before and after installing a new eyecatching display. To determine if the display is effective in
increasing sales, what type of statistical test would you
expect to perform?
A. Comparison of means using an independent sample ttest.
B. Comparison of means using a paired t-test.
C. Comparison of means using a z-test.
D. None of these above
49. The Board of Surgeons recommends a postoperative
examination six months after a prostatectomy. In a sample
from the records of Cutter Memorial Hospital, follow-up
exams were given in 90 out of 200 cases. In a sample of
records from Paymor Hospital, follow-up exams were given
in 110 out of 200 cases. In a left-tailed test for equality of
proportions, the test statistic is
A. 1.96
B. 2.58
C.

2.00
D. 3.47
E. None of the
above
50. Which is not true of p-values?
A. When they are small, we want to reject H0.
B. They show the chance of Type I error if we reject H0.
C. They must be specified before the sample is taken.
D. None of these above
51. A paper manufacturer samples 100 sheets of paper with
the a variance in thickness of 0.0025 inches squared.
Construct a 95% confidence interval for the population
variance.
A. [0.001990 , 0.003176]
B. [0.002010 ,
0.002990]
C. [0.001910 , 0.003335]

D [0.001930 , 0.003368]

E [0.002011 , 0.003208]

52. A 99% confidence interval can be interpreted as:


A. In 99% of the samples, the mean of the samples will be
outside the interval.
B. There is a 1% chance that the true parameter value is
outside the interval.
C. Both A and B
D. None of these above.
53. When testing for the equality of two population
proportions, the F distribution is:
A. sometimes appropriate
B.
only
appropriate if both sample sizes are less than 30
C. never appropriate
D.
only
appropriate if at least one sample is at least 30
E. used when the two variances are not equal
54. The rate of married women's participation in the work
force has increased steadily over the past several years.
How does wives' employment status affect their husbands'
well being? To answer this question, a survey of the job
satisfaction of 25 male accountants who were employed
full-time and married was conducted. In this sample, 15
wives were employed and 10 were unemployed. The goal
of the study is to compare the mean job satisfaction levels
of the two groups of husbands: (1) those with working
wives and (2) those with unemployed wives. The observed
significance level (p-value) of the test, obtained from a
computer printout, is .03. Is this sufficient evidence to
conclude that the mean satisfaction level of husbands with
working wives is less than the mean satisfaction level of
husbands with unemployed wives?
A.Yes, at = .01
B. No, at = .10
C. Yes,
at = .05
D. No, at = .04
1.
In a paired t-test, the two samples may be of
unequal size.F
2.
One way to get a narrower confidence interval, is to
increase the sample size. T
3. The closer it is necessary for the sample estimate to be to
the unknown population parameter, the smaller the sample
size required. F
3.
The only assumption required for the paireddifference test is that the population of differences is
normally distributed.T
4.
When using the t distribution to test for a difference
between two population means taken from independent
samples the degrees of freedom are: n1 + n2 2. F
5.
If the difference between two sample means is
significant, then this is evidence that the two samples come
from populations with equal means.F
6.
In fifty different localities, the cable company gives
free access to all cable channels for a weekend, as a
promotional gesture. The mean proportion of customers
who had the premium channels before the promotion was
20%. The mean proportion of customers who had the
premium channels after the promotion was 26%. The
increase significant at a = 0.05. F
7.
Your company is interested in a new method of
advertising. In order to test the new method they have
selected thirty-one control and thirty one experimental

markets. Mean sales in the control markets were 134, 630


with a standard deviation of 5,290. Mean sales in the
experimental markets were 138,780 with a standard
deviation of 5,730. At the 95% confidence level you
conclude that the new method is better than the old.
8.
In testing for differences between the means of two
independent populations if the test statistic is very large,
then the p-value of the test should be very small T
9.
The formula for determining the confidence interval
estimation for the population mean where is known is
simply Xbar e where e is the sampling error or margin of
error.T
10.
The formula for determining the appropriate sample
size to use to calculate confidence interval estimation for
the population mean is simply a matter of solving for n in
the formula for e (the sampling error or margin of error).T
11.
In a poll of registered voters, 52% of the voters said
they would vote for incumbent while 44% said they would
vote for the challenger. This information means that the
incumbent will win. F