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25/11/2014

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Term 1

Deadlegs in hot piping systems may


have corrosion rates that are
signnificantly higher due to :
1.
2.
3.
4.

caustic vaporizing
convection currents
crevice corrosion
sulfidation

Term 2

Definition 1

Deadlegs in hot piping systems may


have corrosion rates that are
signnificantly higher due to :

Convection
Currents
Definition 2

Corrosion can occur in deadlegs of


Corrosion can occur in deadlegs
tower overhead systems as a result of:
of tower overhead systems as a
1. dew-point corrosion
result of:
2. HTHA
dew-point
3. napthenic acid
4. temper-embrittlement
corrosion

Term 3

Definition 3

Corrosion can occur in some deadlegs


Corrosion can occur in some
at hydrotreating units. This is caused
deadlegs at hydrotreating units.
by:
This is caused by:
1. Ammonium salts
2. oxygen pitting
Ammonium
3. SSC
4. Sulfidation
salts

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Term 4

Definition 4

CUI can be a major issue on insulated


carbon steel piping systems operating
CUI can be a major issue on insulated
between:
carbon steel piping systems operating
between:
1. 25-250 deg F
2. 10-350 degs F
3. 40-125 degs F
4. 120-400 degs F

Term 5

CUI can be a major issue on


insulated Stainless-steel piping
systems operating between:
1.
2.
3.
4.

25-250 deg F
10-350 degs F
40-125 degs F
120-400 degs F

Term 6

CUI is a inspection concern for


insulated piping operating at 500 deg.
and:
1.
2.
3.
4.

is in intermittent service
is mad of stainless steel
is made of low chromes
have poorly maintained
insulation

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10-350 degs F

Definition 5

CUI can be a major issue on


insulated Stainless-steel piping
systems operating between:

120-400 degs F

Definition 6

CUI is a inspection concern for


insulated piping operating at 500 deg.
and:
is in intermittent service

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Term 7

Definition 7

CUI of austenitic stainless steel piping:


1. occurs at temperatures between
-10 to 125 deg F
2. normally appears as stress
corrosion cracking
3. is the result of using insulation
that contains a sulfur compound
4. normally causes deep isolated
pitting

Term 8

CUI of austenitic stainless steel piping:

normally appears as stress


corrosion cracking

Definition 8

CUI is particularly aggressive:


CUI is particularly aggressive:
1. in dry climates
2. when operating temperatures
cause frequent condensation and
when operating temperatures
re-evaporation of atmospheric
moisture.
cause frequent condensation and
3. when operation temperatures are
re-evaporation of atmospheric
above 325 deg F
moisture.
4. if the insulation is made of
fiberglass
Term 9

IF the buied piping is uncoated at


grade, the inspector should consider
exacavation to check for soil-to-air
corrosion. What is the recommended
depth to excavate?
1.
2.
3.
4.

1 to 3 "
6"
6' to 12"
12" to 24"

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Definition 9

IF the buied piping is uncoated at


grade, the inspector should consider
exacavation to check for soil-to-air
corrosion. What is the recommended
depth to excavate?

6' to 12"

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Term 10

The inspector checks the concrete-toair interface of buried piping that does
not have cathodic protection.
Deterioration is noted. It may be
necessary to remove the concrete and
inspect beneath the pipe surface if this
piping system is over:
1.
2.
3.
4.

5 yr old
10yr old
15yr old
25 yr old

The inspector checks the concrete-toair interface of buried piping that does
not have cathodic protection.
Deterioration is noted. It may be
necessary to remove the concrete and
inspect beneath the pipe surface if this
piping system is over:

10yr old
Term 11

Sufidation of carbon steels begins to


occur when the sulfur content is
greater
than 0.5% and the temperature
exceeds:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Definition 10

250 deg F
450 deg F
800 deg F
900 deg F

Definition 11

Sufidation of carbon steels begins to


occur when the sulfur content is
greater
than 0.5% and the temperature
exceeds:

450 deg F

Term 12

Definition 12

Some of the crude unit piping operates


at a temperature where sulfidation can
occur. Which material is most
Some of the crude unit piping operates
susceptible to attack?
at a temperature where sulfidation can
occur. Which material is most
1. A-53
susceptible to attack?
2. A-106
A-53
3. 300 series SS
4. 400 series SS

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Term 13

A caustic piping system has external


heat tracing. On this system, poorly
designed heat tracing can cause:
1.
2.
3.
4.

erosion/corrosion
thermal fatique
stress corrosion cracking
polythionic cracking

Term 14

Which of the following areas is least


likely to be affected by
corrosion/erosion?
1.
2.
3.
4.

upstream of a pump
downstream of a control valve
flow direction changes
Near orifice plates

Term 15

When erosion damage occurs, which


of the following corrosion patterns is
least likely to occur?
1.
2.
3.
4.

Grooving
Waves and vallys
Rouned holes
Uniform wall loss

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Definition 13

A caustic piping system has


external heat tracing. On this
system, poorly designed heat
tracing can cause:

stress corrosion
cracking
Definition 14

Which of the following areas is


least likely to be affected by
corrosion/erosion?

upstream of a pump

Definition 15

When erosion damage occurs, which


of the following corrosion patterns is
least likely to occur?

Uniform wall loss

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Term 16

Polythionic acid SCC occurs on what


type of material?
1. Annealed Ferritic staninless steel
2. Sensitized austenitic stainless
steel
3. Normalized low chromes
4. Non-stress relieved carbon steel

Term 17

Chloride stress corrosion cracking


occurs on what type of material?
1.
2.
3.
4.

Austenitic SS
Ferritic SS
Carbon Steel
Low chromes

Term 18

Amine SCC occurs on what type of


material?
1.
2.
3.
4.

Annealed ferritic SS
Sensitized austenitic SS
Normalized low chromes
Non-stress relieved carbon steel

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Definition 16

Polythionic acid SCC occurs on


what type of material?

Sensitized austenitic
stainless steel

Definition 17

Chloride stress corrosion


cracking occurs on what type of
material?

Austenitic Stainless Steel

Definition 18

Amine SCC occurs on what type


of material?

Non-stress relieved
carbon steel

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Term 19

During a turnaround, environmental


cracking is detected during an interal
inspection of a pressure vessel. The
inspector should:

Definition 19

During a turnaround, environmental


cracking is detected during an interal
inspection of a pressure vessel. The
inspector should:
Inspect both the upstream and
downstream piping for environmental
cracking

1. inspect the downstreem piping


for environmental cracking
2. inspect the upstream piping for
environmental cracking
3. inspect both the upstream and
downstream piping for
environmental cracking
4. inspect ustream and downstream
Term 20
Definition 20
piping approximately 12" or 3
An internal inspection is being
diameters (whichever is greater)
conducted on a refractory-lined piping
An internal inspection is being
away from the vessel nozzle.
system. how much refractory should conducted on a refractory-lined piping
be removed to check the condition of system. How much refractory should
the pipe's internal surface?
be removed to check the condition of
the pipe's internal surface?
1. A min of 10% should be removed
2. A small area of refractory should
Removal of refractory is not required
be removed on each length of
unless there is reason to suspect that
pipe
corrosionis occurring under the
3. At least one small area of
refractory
refractory should be removed in
the most suspect area
Term 21
Definition 21
4. Removal of refractory is not
required unless there is reason to
suspect that corrosionis
Which
of the following
isrefractory
not a cause
occurring
under the
of fatigue cracking?
Which of the following is not a cause
of fatigue cracking?
1. Piping vibration
2. Pressure cycles
3. Thermal cycles
Viscosity cycles
4. Viscosity cycles

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Term 22

Fatigue cracking can typically be first


detected at:
1.
2.
3.
4.

piping supports and hangers


misaligned flaged connections
branched connections
socket-weld fitting

Term 23

Each of the following piping system


operates with daily temperature cycle
of over 400 deg F. In which system is
fatigue cracking most likely to occur?
1. Pipe welds having dissimilar
materials, e.g. carbon steel &
stainless
2. Butt welded low chrome piping
3. Butt welded sensitized austenitic
stainless steel
4. No-stress relieved carbon steels
Term 24

Definition 22

Fatigue cracking can typically be first


detected at:

Branched connections

Definition 23

Each of the following piping system


operates with daily temperature cycle
of over 400 deg F. In which system is
fatigue cracking most likely to occur?

Pipe welds having dissimilar


materials, e.g. carbon steel &
stainless

Definition 24

Fatigue cracking is difficult to find


using NDE because:
Fatigue cracking is difficult to find
1. The cracking location are difficult
using NDE because:
to predict
2. The cracking is very tight and not
easy to find with conventional PT Once the cracking initiates it may take
only a few days before the crack
techniques
progresses 100% through the pipe
3. Once the cracking initiates it may
wall
take only a few days before the
crack progresses 100% through
the pipe wall
4. the NDE technicians are not
available, they are in the tank
farm sleeping in the back of the
RT truck

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Term 25

Creep cracking is depenent on:


1.
2.
3.
4.

Cycles, time and temperature


cycles, temperature and stress
time, temperature, and pressure
time, temperature, and stress

Term 26

Creep cracking begins to occur on 1


1/4 Cr steels operating above:
1.
2.
3.
4.

450 deg f
700 deg F
900 deg F
1100 deg F

Definition 25

Creep cracking is depenent on:

time, temperature, and


stress

Definition 26

Creep cracking begins to occur


on 1 1/4 Cr steels operating
above:

900 deg F

Term 27

Definition 27

Most brittle fractures have occurred:


1. during the 1st year of srvice
2. during the first hydrostatic test
3. after the material has been
overheated and then cooled
4. when using relatively thin walled
piping

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Most brittle fractures have


occurred:

during the first


hydrostatic test

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Term 28

Low alloy steels (specially 2 1/4 Cr-1


Mo materials) are subject to:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Temper embrittlement
Brittle fracture
Environmental cracking
Fatigue cracking

Term 29

Definition 28

Low alloy steels (specially 2 1/4


Cr-1 Mo materials) are subject to:

Temper embrittlement

Definition 29

Low chromes steels:


1. may be brittle when operation
above 650 deg F
2. may be brittle at ambient
temperatures after operating
above 650 deg F
3. are subject to polythionic
cracking when operating above
650 deg F
4. are subject to SCC when
operating above 650 deg F
Term 30

Low chromes steels:


may be brittle at ambient
temperatures after operating
above 650 deg F

Definition 30

Temper embrittlement occurs in


certain materials when:
1. the operation temperature is
Temper embrittlement occurs in
within 30 deg F of the piping's
certain materials when:
MDMT
2. weld repairs are performed and
the metal temperature is below 32 the process temperatures exceed
650 deg F
deg f
3. the process temperatures
exceed 650 deg F
4. the proces environment contains
low temperature caustic

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Term 31

Low chrome materials are subject to


temper-embrittlement. these materials
are:

Definition 31

Low chrome materials are


subject to temper-embrittlement.
these materials are:

1. Brittle when new


2. become brittle due to welding
3. brittle at temperatures above 650 brittle at low temperatures due to
deg F
metallurgical changes that
4. brittle at low temperatures due to
occurred during high temperature
metallurgical changes that
operation
occurred during high
temperature operation

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