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MUZEUL JUDEEAN MURE

MARISIA
S T U D I I I M AT E R I A L E

XXXII
ARHEOLOGIE

TrguMure
2012

CONTENTS

ARTICLES
Marius-Mihai Ciut
A Neolithic Feature Discovered at Alba IuliaLumea Nou

Rita E. Nmeth
Prehistoric wheel models from the collection of the Mure County Museum

15

Botond Rezi
Prehistoric Bronze Finds from the Collection of Kolumbn rpd

33

Sndor Berecki
An Early Iron Age Zoomorphic Clay Figurine from TrguMure

47

Britta Burkhardt
Considerations about the Symbolism of the Lion Motif in Scythian Art

59

Jnos Nmeti
Celtic Grave from Moftinu Mic, Satu Mare County

71

Iosif Vasile Ferencz


Late Iron Age Brooch with Enamelled Plaque from Ardeu

79

Nicoleta ManDaniel M. Cioat


Archaeological researches in the military vicus from Clugreni

85

Istvn Gerg FarkasSzilamr Pter PnczlAndrs Szab


A New Roman Altar from Gurghiu, Mure County

101

Szilamr-Pter PnczlLszl LenkeyMihly PetheNndor Laczk


Updating our Knowledge about the Roman Fort from Brncoveneti, Mure County

105

Koppny Bulcs tvsKatalin Sid


The Analysis of the Ceramic Material from Glodeni. Preliminary Considerations

117

Maria-Corina Nicolae
Isiac Reliefs in Roman Dacia

127

Csaba Szab
Searching for the Light-Bearer. Notes on a Mithraic Relief from Dragu

135

Imola Boda
Apollo and Iuppiter Dolichenus in Roman Dacia

145

Zsolt Nyrdi
A perished medieval settlement in Udvarhelyszk

155

Regina BakonyiZoltn Sos


The medieval church of Vlenii de Mure, Mure County

193

Krmen Anita Barth


Cloak Jewels on Transylvanian and Hungarian Mural Paintings of the Angevin Period

205

Attila Pokorny
A Standpoint on the Restoration of Medieval ceramics

215

BOOK REVIEW
Bondr, Mria, Agyag kocsimodellek a Krpt-medencbl (Kr. e. 35001500) [Prehistoric wagon
models in the Carpathian Basin (35001500 BC)], Archaeolingua, Budapest, 2012, 132 pages, 5 figures,
28 plates, 2 maps. (by Rita E. Nmeth)
221
Ramsl, Peter C., Das latnezeitliche Grberfeld von Mannersdorf am Leithagebirge, Flur Reinthal Sd,
Niedersterreich, sterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophichhistoriche Klasse,
Mitteilungen der Prhistorischen Kommission, Band 74, Wien, 2011, 669 pages, 204 figures, 234
plates. (by Sndor Berecki)
224
Juan-Ramn Carb Garca, Los cultos orientales en la Dacia romana. Formas de difusin, integracin
y control social e ideolgico, Ediciones Univesidad De Salamanca, Junio 2010, volume 12, 1270 pages.
(by Imola Boda)
226
ABBREVIATIONS

229

UPDATING OUR KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE ROMAN


FORT FROM BRNCOVENETI, MURE COUNTY1
Szilamr-Pter PNCZL
Mure County Museum, TrguMure, RO

Lszl LENKEY
Etvs Lornd University, Budapest, HU

Mihly PETHE
Etvs Lornd University, Budapest, HU

Nndor LACZK
Babe-Bolyai University, RO

As part of the RLR (Roman Limes Route) and LIDOR (Limes Dacicus Orientalis) projects geophysical
and topographical survey took place in the retentura of the auxiliary fort from Brncoveneti. In the present
paper, based on the recent results, we made an attempt to corroborate all the available archaeological data,
georeference the former excavations and propose a 3D visualisation model of the fort.
Keywords: Roman, auxiliary fort, survey, magnetometry, medieval church

In 2011 and 2012 at the initiative of the Mure County Museum in the framework of the
RLR (Roman Limes Route) and LIDOR (Limes Dacicus Orientalis) projects (Visy 2008; 2009a;
2009b; Szab 2009; Pnczl et al. 2011) geophysical and topographical survey took place
in the retentura of the Roman auxiliary fort from Brncoveneti in Mure County (Hungarian
Marosvcs). The Roman fort from Brncoveneti is one of the best known sites (Pl.1/1) of the
eastern border of the Dacian provinces (related to the research history of the site, see: Paulovics
1944, 2326; ProtaseZrnyi 1994a; 1994b; Lazr 1995, 8488; Gudea 1997, 5657; Popa et
al. 2010, 106107). Due to the location in the Mure Valley, beyond the Deda pass, on a high
terrace with an altitude varying from 337m to 431m next to the right riverbank, it had a
major strategic importance (Pl.2/12). Linked probably to the forts of Orheiu Bistriei (BistriaNsud County) and Clugreni (Mure County) by the eastern limes road and relying on the
natural defence offered by the Climani and Gurghiu Mountains combined with a system of
1

We would kindly thank Mt Szab and Antal Kosza for their help with the illustrations, Koppny-Bulcs tvs for
his help during the research, and nige Bencze, Tams Lipovics and Silvia Musta for the corrections made on the
text. The Roman Limes Route cultural project was financed by the Administration of the National Cultural Fund.

MARISIA XXXI, p. 105115

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Sz.-P. Pnczl et al.

watchtowers and defensive structures situated towards the barbaricum (Paulovics 1944, 2627;
FerencziPetic 1982, 568584; ProtaseZrnyi 1994a, 78; FerencziPetic 1994; 1995;
Pnczl et al. 2011) this fort had the role to control the border section around the upper Mure
valley leading towards east, to the Gheorgheni Plateau (ProtaseZrnyi 1994a, 12).
The site is known as Castel and Cetate and is located on the north-eastern periphery
of the village (ProtaseZrnyi 1994a, 1). On the south-eastern part of the fort (mainly the
pretentura dextra) a medieval fortification was built, which was converted into the Renaissance
castle owned later by the Kemny family (Pl.1/2). The auxiliary buildings of the former estate
and the buildings of the hospital presently functioning on the property seriously damaged the
remains of the pretentura and the latus praetorii of the fort (Pl.2/3).
The first excavations at the site were conducted in 1847 by Neigebaur (1851, 251) followed
by small scale evaluation slots made under the supervision of Paulovics in 1942 (Paulovics 1944,
25, footnote 25). The first systematic excavations started in 1970 and continued until 1982 under
the scientific supervision of Protase and Zrnyi (except for the years 19741975, when no excavations took place in the military fort). The results of the excavations were presented in preliminary
reports (ProtaseZrnyi 1975; Protase 1977; Russu 1977; ProtaseZrnyi 1978; 1992; 1993)
and in a monographic publication (ProtaseZrnyi 1994a; 1994b).
Based on a synthesis of the excavations made by the researchers (ProtaseZrnyi 1994a;
1994b) and later by Gudea (1997, 5657) we know that the fort had three major building phases.
The first one, the timber fort, was oriented roughly towards the cardinal points, it had a rectangular shape and a 10m wide and 1.20m high earth rampart with a 57m wide and 1.5m deep
V shaped ditch. This phase has been dated to the reign of Trajan, but the exact extent of the fort
and the military unit which built it has not been established yet. It is presumed that it was built
by the same unit and with the same extent as the stone fort from the second phase (Protase
Zrnyi 1994a, 68). The rectangular stone fort with rounded corners had the same orientation
as the previous one with a 1m wide stone wall built in opus incertum technique. The fort had
roughly 2.5ha surface and sides measuring 144m respectively 177m. Beside the two gates, the
porta principalis sinistra and the porta decumana (only partially excavated), a building in the
latus sinistrum, without any clear evidence related to its function, was excavated. In the retentura
possible remains of timber buildings (barracks and stalls?) have been identified (ProtaseZrnyi
1994a, 7273). The fort had in this phase two ditches, the first was 9m wide and 2.5m deep, the
second 8m wide and 2m deep.On the eastern side (towards the slope of the river valley) no sign
of these ditches have been observed. Based on tile stamps and inscriptions it is thought that a
cavalry unit, the Ala I Numeri Illyricorum (see discussion at Marcu 2009, 119120) was stationed
in the fort. The last phase is a major reparation phase dated to the middle of the 3rd century AD,
but it still has to be clarified whether the external buttresses attached to the western precinct wall
can be linked to this phase or these could be the result of an earlier intervention. The latest coins
from the fort come from the reign of Gordian III and Philippus Arabs (ProtaseZrnyi 1994a,
53, 7374), so probably not long after this period the control of the area was lost.
Usually, in the publications, two versions of the plan illustrating these excavations are to
be found. The first (plan A) version (Pl.3/1), with some variants is used almost in each publication (see for instance ProtaseZrnyi 1975, pl.25; Protase 1977, 380, fig.2; ProtaseZrnyi
1992, pl.1; ProtaseZrnyi 1994a, pl.25; Gudea 1997, 57, nr. 32; Marcu 2009, 292, pl.24; Popa
et al. 2010, 122, Abb.67), but from topographic point of view it is not accurate enough. The

Updating our Knowledge about the Roman Fort from Brncoveneti, Mure County

107

three still existing buildings and the defensive ditch of the medieval castle are roughly indicated
in this plan, but their inaccuracy did not allow us to use them for georeferencing. The second
(plan B) version (Pl.3/2) appears only in the final publication (ProtaseZrnyi 1994a, pl.26)
and even though it lacks many of the archaeological details for instance the defensive ditches of
the fort or the remains of the medieval chapel/s are not listed , the topographic data (truncation
lines, altitude lines, several still existing buildings) offers a much better dataset for georeferencing.
The incoherence between the two plans has to be taken into account.
After the digitalisation and reinterpretation of the old plans concerning phasing and site
preservation (Pl.3) the georeferencing of plan B was done (Pl.4/1) based on the still existing
landmark features. In the plans all the evaluation trenches have been marked with Arab numbers
and not with Roman numbers like in the initial publications. To verify this dataset a geomagnetic
survey has been carried out in the retentura, located in the orchard of the former estate, in an
area where the measurements were less disturbed by modern interventions. An area of 1.2ha was
covered by measurements made in a grid with 1m spacing using an Overhauser Gradiometer.
Through the geophysical data (Pl.4/2) many of the old excavation trenches could be located with
high accuracy (e.g. trenches 1, 7, 16 and 18 are visible as grey sections in Pl.5/1), but in some
cases a slight shift in their position proved that not even plan B had a high topographic accuracy.
Concerning the archaeological features, due to the measurements (Pl.5/1) in the retentura the
remains of via decumana and possibly, via quintana were located. In the retentura sinistra, running
parallel with the robbed defensive wall of the fort the scarce remains of a masonry structure
(building?), or more probably two roads were located. The one next to the precinct wall may
have been via sagularis. Outside the fort three massive defensive ditches were identified at regular
distances running parallel with the precinct wall. If they are contemporary or not it is difficult
to establish, but based on the dataset offered by former excavations we did not know about the
existence of a third ditch. The appearance of the ditches is slightly different from the other structures in the area, because they have a continuous character, while the other structures look more
rugged. This uneven look is due to the construction material, which was mainly andesite, and
this mineral is strongly magnetized, therefore the larger blocks appear as individual anomalies.
The ditches were probably filled uniformly which results in a smoother look. In the area west of
the ditches many magnetic anomalies appear, which suggest that the area had many masonry
structures, probably belonging to the roman vicus. However, the original structures were ruined
by the modern agriculture, because the stone fragments were piled up on the edges of the lines
where the trees in the orchard were planted (Pl.4/2).
In the retentura, partly covering via decumana a building with slightly different orientation in comparison with the Roman structures could be identified. This building appears as a
concentration of strong anomalies, but its shape is difficult to define accurately. The building is
oriented clearly east-west and on the same place the former excavations found inhumation graves
together with the remains of two funerary crypts (ProtaseZrnyi 1994a, 7). This area was the
family graveyard of the Kemny family until the middle of the 20thcentury (Paulovics 1944,
25). On the first Austrian military survey of Transylvania (Pl.5/2) from the early 18thcentury,
beside the still existing protestant church, a second church is shown in the vicinity of the castle.
We can presume that this second church was the chapel of the landlords used by the members of
the estate and the tradition to bury their relatives next to it continued even after this church or
chapel was razed to the ground sometimes during the 18thcentury.

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Based on the corroborated archaeological data a 3D model has been made (Pl.6) as an
architectural volumetric study. The purpose of this visualization method is to show the position
and the dimensions of the fort in relation to the topography of the site. We reconstructed only
the defensive walls and the gates without construction details and textures, but it has to be underlined, that they could have been considerably higher. From the interior of the fort except the main
roads we do not have enough evidence to reconstruct the internal structure, nor do we have data
about the triple ditch running all around the fort although we reconstructed it as such.
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Gudea 1997
FerencziPetic 1982
FerencziPetic 1994

FerencziPetic 1995

Lazr 1995
Neigebaur 1851
Marcu 2009
Pnczl et al. 2011

Paulovics 1944
Popa et al. 2010

Protase 1977

ProtaseZrnyi 1975
ProtaseZrnyi 1978

ProtaseZrnyi 1992

Gudea, N., Der dakische Limes. Materialien zur seiner Geschichte, Jahrbuch
RGZM, 44, 1113.
Ferenczi, I.Petic, M., Cercetride topografie arheologic n judeul Mure
(Partea I-a), ActaMN, 19, 557584.
Ferenczi, I.Petic, M., Limes-ul Daciei. Contribuii la cunoaterea sectoarelor
BrncovenetiClugreni i ClugreniSreni (jud. Mure) I, Apulum, 31,
140166.
Ferenczi, I.Petic, M., Limesul Daciei. Contribuii la cunoaterea sectoarelor
BrncovenetiClugareni i ClugreniSreni (jud. Mure) II, Apulum,
32, 121143.
Lazr, V., Repertoriul arheologic al judeului Mure, TrguMure.
Neigebaur, J. F., Dakien aus den berresten des klassischen Altertums, Kronstadt.
Marcu, F., Organizarea intern a castrelor din Dacia, BMN, 30.
Pnczl, Sz. P.Szab, M.Visy, Zs., Dcia superior keleti hatrnak rgszeti
kutatsa Archaeological research on the Eastern Frontier of Dacia
Superior, IN: Visy, Zs. (ed.), A Danube Limes program rgszeti kutatsai
2008-2011 kztt. Jelents a Danube Limes UNESCO World Heritage Site
plyzat keretben a PTE BTK Rgszet Tanszknek kutatcsoportja ltal
vgzett kutatsokrl The Danube Limes Project Archaeological Research
between 2008-2011. Report on the research carried out by the research team of
the Department of Archaeology, University of Pecs within the framework of the
Danube Limes UNESCO World Heritage Site project, Pcs, 173180.
Paulovics, I., Dacia keleti hatrvonala s az ugynevezet dk-ezstkincsek
krdse, Kolozsvr.
Popa, A.Coci, S.Klein, Ch.Gaiu, C.Man, N., Geophysikalische
Prospektionen in Ostsiebenbrgen. Ein Deutsch-Rumnisch-Moldauisches
Forschungsprojekt an der Ostgrenze der rmischen Provinz Dacia,
EphemNap, 20, 101128.
Protase, D., Das Rmerlager von Brncoveneti und seine Bedeutung fr die
Verteidigung der Nordostgrenze Dakiens, IN: Studien zu den Militrgrenzen
Roms II. Vortrge des 10. Internationalen Limeskongresses in der Germania
Inferior, KlnBonn, 379386.
Protase, D.Zrnyi, A., Castrul roman de la Brncoveneti n valea Mureului.
Spturile din anii 19701973, Marisia, 5, 5769.
Protase, D.Zrnyi, A., Raport preliminar asupra spturilor din 1977
privind perioada stpnirii romane, efectuate de Muzeul Judeean Mure,
Marisia, 8, 7579.
Protase, D.Zrnyi, A., Inscripii i monumente sculpturale din castrul
roman de la Brncoveneti (Jud. Mure), EphemNap, 2, 95110.

Updating our Knowledge about the Roman Fort from Brncoveneti, Mure County

ProtaseZrnyi 1993
ProtaseZrnyi 1994a
ProtaseZrnyi 1994b
Russu 1977
Szab 2009

Visy 2008
Visy 2009a

Visy 2009b

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Protase, D.Zrnyi, A., Castrul roman de la Brncoveneti jud. Mure, MCA,


295298.
Protase, D.Zrnyi, A., Castrul roman i aezarea civil de la Brncoveneti
(jud. Mure). Spturile din anii 19701987, TrguMure.
Protase, D.Zrnyi, A., Castrul roman i aezarea civil de la Brncoveneti
(jud. Mure). Spturile din anii 19701987, Marisia, 2324, 75169.
Russu, I. I., Garnizoana i castrul roman de la Brncoveneti (jud. Mure).
Ala I Numeri Illyricorum, SCIVA, 28, 93104
Szab, M., Dacia superior keleti hatrnak lgirgszeti kutatsa, IN:
Krsfi, Zs. (szerk.), Kutatsok a Nagy-Kkll fels folysa mentn, MIMK,
1, 117122.
Visy, Zs., Dacia limese mint lehetsges vilgrksgi helyszn, IN: Visy, Zs.
(szerk.), Tanulmnyok nlaka trtnetrl s kultrjrl, nlakaPcs, 159173.
Visy, Zs., Archologische Forschungen an der stlichen Grenze von Dacia
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(szerk.), Kutatsok a Nagy-Kkll fels folysa mentn, MIMK, 1, 107115.

LIST OF PLATES
Pl.1. 1. Forts of the eastern border of Roman Dacia (map by M. Szab); 2. Aerial photo of the site from
Brncoveneti (photo: M. Szab, 2008, Aerial Archaeological Archive of Pcs, PLT 27651).
Pl.2. 1. The DTM of the site; 2. The DTM and the orthophoto of the site; 3. The location of the Roman fort
from Brncoveneti on the orthophoto (3. made by Sz. P. Pnczl and A. Kosza, based on Protase
Zrnyi 1994; Visy 2009b).
Pl.3. 1. Excavation plan A of the fort; 2. Excavation plan B of the fort (12. digitalised and reinterpreted
by Sz. P. Pnczl after ProtaseZrnyi 1994).
Pl.4. 1. Georeferenced excavations from the fort; 2. Georeferenced excavations and geophysical data from
the fort.
Pl.5. 1. Geophysical data and interpretation; 2. Area of Brncoveneti on the first Austrian Military
Survey of Transylvania from the second half of the 18thcentury.
Pl.6. 1. 3D model of the fort from Brncoveneti; 2. 3D model of the porta principalis sinistra.

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2
Plate 1. 1. Forts of the eastern border of Roman Dacia (map by M. Szab); 2. Aerial photo of the
site from Brncoveneti (photo: M. Szab, 2008, Aerial Archaeological Archive of Pcs, PLT 27651).

Updating our Knowledge about the Roman Fort from Brncoveneti, Mure County

111

3
Plate 2. 1. The DTM of the site; 2. The DTM and the orthophoto of the site;
3. The location of the Roman fort from Brncoveneti on the orthophoto
(made by Sz. P. Pnczl and A. Kosza, based on PROTASEZRNYI 1994; VISY 2009b).

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Sz.-P. Pnczl et al.

Plate 3. 1. Excavation plan A of the fort; 2. Excavation plan B of the fort


(12. digitalised and reinterpreted by Sz. P. Pnczl after PROTASEZRNYI 1994).

Updating our Knowledge about the Roman Fort from Brncoveneti, Mure County

113

2
Plate 4. 1. Georeferenced excavations from the fort;
2. Georeferenced excavations and geophysical data from the fort.

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Sz.-P. Pnczl et al.

Roman wall

Roman ditch

0
Roman road
Medieval structures

50m

Plate 5. 1. Geophysical data and interpretation; 2. Area of Brncoveneti on the


first Austrian Military Survey of Transylvania from the second half of the 18th century.

Updating our Knowledge about the Roman Fort from Brncoveneti, Mure County

115

Plate 6. 1. 3D model of the fort from Brncoveneti; 2. 3D model of the porta principalis sinistra.

ABBREVIATIONS
ABBREVIATIONS

Acta
ActaArchHung
ActaMD
ActaMN
ActaPraehistArch
ActaTS
Agria
AJA
Alba Regia
AMND
Analele Banatului
Angustia
ANRW
Apulum
ARA
ArchAustr
ArchBBonn
Archrt
ArchKorr
ArchPfalz
ArhMold
ASGE
Banatica
BAR
BayerVorgeschbl
BB
BerRGK
BM
BM
BMM
BMN
BT
CCA
CIL
ComArchHung
Crisia
Cumania
CsSzM

Acta (Siculica), Muzeul Naional Secuiesc, Sfntu Gheorghe


Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, Budapest
Acta Musei Devensis
Acta Musei Napocensis, Cluj-Napoca
Acta Praehistorica et Archaeologica, Berlin
Acta Terrae Septemcastrensis, Sibiu
Agria, Annales Musei Agriensis / Az Egri Mzeum vknyve (1982), Eger
American Journal of Archaeology
Alba Regia, Annales Musei Stephani Regis, Szkesfehrvr
Archologische Mitteilungen aus Nordwestdeutschland
Analele Banatului, Muzeul Banatului, Timioara
Angustia, Muzeul Carpailor Rsriteni, Sfntu Gheorghe
Aufstieg und Niedergang der Rmischen Welt
Apulum, Acta Musei Apulensis, Alba Iulia
Annual review of anthropology
Archaeologia Austriaca, Wien
Archologische Berichte Bonn
Archaeologiai rtest, Budapest
Archologisches Korrespondenzblatt, Rmisch-Germanischen
Zentralmuseum in Mainz
Archologie in der Pfalz
Arheologia Moldovei, Iai
Arheologieskij Sbornik Gosudarstvennogo Ermitaa, Leningrad
Banatica, Muzeul de istorie al judeului Cara-Severin, Reia
British Archaeological Reports, International Series / British Series, Oxford
Bayerische Vorgeschichtsbltter, Mnchen
Bibliotheca Brukenthal, Sibiu
Bericht der Rmisch-Germanischen Kommission
Bibliotheca Marmatia, Baia Mare
A Bihari Mzeum vknyve, Berettyjfalu
Bibliotheca Mvsei Marisiensis, Seria Archaeologica, Trgu Mure / Cluj
Napoca
Bibliotheca Mvsei Napocensis, Cluj-Napoca
Bibliotheca Thracologica, Bucureti
Cronica Cercetrilor Arheologice din Romnia
Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum
Communicationes Archaeologicae Hungariae, Budapest
Crisia, Muzeul rii Criurilor, Oradea
Cumania, A Bcs-Kiskun Megyei nkormnyzat Mzeumi Szervezetnek
vknyve
Cski Szkely Mzeum vknyve, Cskszereda

230

Dacia (N. S.)

EA
EAF
EAZ
EM
EM
EphemNap
EPRO
FBBW
FolArch
FVL
Godinjak Sarajevo
Germania
HelvArch
IDR
IPH
Jahrbuch RGZM
JahrIVFM
JAM
JIES
JMS
JRS
Kzlemnyek Kolozsvr
LAF
Latomus
Marisia
Marmatia
MCA
MFM
MIMK
MittBGAEU
MMO
MPK
OH
OpArch
PA
PAS
PBF
PPS
PZ
PVM
RBPA
RCRFA
RevBis
Sargetia

Abbreviations

Dacia, Recherches et dcuvertes archologiques en Roumanie, IXII (1924


1948), Bucureti; Nouvelle srie (N. S.), Dacia. Revue darchologie et dhistoire
anciene, Bucureti
Eurasia Antiqua, Deutsches Archologisches Institut
Ethnographisch-Archologische Forschungen, Berlin
Ethnographisch-Archologische Zeitschrift, Berlin
Erdlyi Mzeum, Kolozsvr
Az Egri Mzeum vknyve
Ephemeris Napocensis, ClujNapoca
tudes prliminaires aux religions orientales dans lEmpire romain
Forschungen und Berichte zur Vor- und Frhgeschichte in BadenWrttemberg
Folia Archeologica, a Magyar Nemzeti Mzeum vknyve, Budapest
Forschungen zur Volks- und Landeskunde, Sibiu
Godinjak Centra za Balkanoloska Ispitivanja Akademije Nauka i Umjetnosti,
Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo
Germania, Frankfurt am Main
Helvetia Archaeologica, Archologie in der Schweiz
Inscripiile Daciei romane, Bucureti
Inventaria Praehistorica Hungariae, Budapest
Jahrbuch des Rmisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz
Jahresbericht des Institut fr Vorgeschichte des Universitt Frankfurt a. M.
A Nyregyhzi Jsa Andrs Mzeum vknyve, Nyregyhza
Journal of Indo-European Studies
Journal of Mithraic Studies
Journal of Roman Studies
Kzlemnyek az Erdlyi Nemzeti Mzeum rem- s Rgisgtrbl, Cluj
Linzer Archologische Forschungen
Latomus, Socit dtudes Latines de Bruxelles
Marisia (V), Studii i Materiale, Trgu Mure
Marmatia, Anuarul Muzeului Judeean Maramure
Materiale i Cercetri Arheologice, Bucureti
A Mra Ferenc Mzeum vknyve, Szeged
Molnr Istvn Mzeum Kiadvnyai, Cristuru Secuiesc/Szkelykeresztr
Mitteilungen der Berliner Gesellschaft fr Anthropologie, Ethnologie und
Urgeschichte
MMO, skoros Kutatk sszejvetelnek konferenciaktete
Mitteilungen der Prhistorischen Kommision, Viena
Opuscula Hungarica, Budapest
Opuscula Archaeologica, Arheoloki zavod, Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu
Patrimonium Apulense, Alba Iulia
Prhistorische Archologie in Sdosteuropa, Berlin, Kiel, Mnchen
Prhistorische Bronzefunde, Mnchen, Stuttgart
Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, London
Praehistorische Zeitschrift, Berlin
Pravk Vychodn Moravy, sbornk pro pravk a asnou dobu historickou v
Gottwaldovskm kraji
Regensburger Beitrge zur Prhistorischen Archologie
Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautorum Acta, Abingdon
Revista Bistriei, Complexul Judeean Muzeal Bistria-Nsud
Sargeia, Buletinul Muzeului judeului Hunedoara, Acta Musei Devensis,
Deva

Abbreviations

SCIV(A)
SlovArch
SovjArh
SpecNova
StC Maramureene
StComCaransebe
StCom Satu Mare
StCom Sibiu
SymThrac
Terra Sebus
Thraco-Dacica
Tisicum
Transylvanian Review
TVMK
UPA
VAH
VMMK
WArch
Zalai Mzeum
ZPE

Studii i Cercetri de Istorie Veche (i Arheologie 1974), Bucureti


Slovensk Archeolgia, Nitra
Sovjetska Arheologija
Specimina Nova Dissertationum ex Institutom Historico Universitatis
Quinqueecclesiensis de Jano Pannonio nominatae, Pcs
Studii i Cercetri Maramureene, Baia Mare
Studii i Comunicri de Istorie Veche Caransebe
Studii i Comunicri Satu Mare
Studii i Comunicri, Muzeul Brukenthal, Sibiu
Symposia Thracologica, Institutul Romn de Tracologie, Bucureti
Terra Sebvs, Acta Mvsei Sabesiensis, Sebe
Thraco-Dacica, Institutul de Tracologie, Bucureti
Tisicum, A Jsz-Nagykun-Szolnok Megyei Mzeumok vknyve, Szolnok
Transylvanian Review, Center for Transylvanian Studies, Cluj-Napoca
Tapolcai Vrosi Mzeum Kzlemnyei
Universittsforschungen zur prhistorischen Archologie, Bonn
Varia Archaeologica Hungarica, Budapest
A Veszprm Megyei Mzeumok Kzlemnyei
World Archaeology, Oxford, Oxbow
Zalai Mzeum, Kzlemnyek Zala megye mzeumaibl, Zalaegerszeg
Zeitschrift fr Papyrologie und Epigraphik

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