3 views

Uploaded by Son Hoang

- St Joseph’s Institution
- Functions SolutionsPublic
- Lecture 1
- 2ch6a
- Creating Multi-sections Solids
- Introduction to Differentiation - Solutions
- Examples of Pro-e surface
- 01 Directional Derivatives and Gradient
- 1
- Setting Out of Curves
- Calculus Examination Test
- 7K1sB05pE0A
- Maths lab book
- Elementos de Curva
- Midpoint Scheduling Finite Infinite Scheduling SAP
- BECOMINGS the Body in Performance2014
- Download Attachment
- Spinner Lab (Constant Rotation Lab)
- Gr 12 Analytical Geometry
- Pmr Trial 2011 Mm Q&A (Perak)

You are on page 1of 2

KRZYSZTOF KURDYKA

Let f be a C 2 function in an open set U Rn and let f be its gradient in the Euclidean

metric. The trajectories of f are the maximal curves x(t) satisfying

dx

(t) = f (x(t)), t [0, ).

dt

If f (x0 ) = 0, then clearly it is a very challenging problem to understand the behavior of

the trajectories of f in the neighborhood of the point x0 . For a general C 2 (or even C )

function its gradient trajectory may spiral, oscillate or may have infinite length. In sixties

S. Lojasiewicz [L], [L1] proved the following result.

Lojasiewiczs theorem: Let f be a real analytic function. If x(t) has a limit point x0 U ,

i.e. x(t ) x0 for some sequence t , then the length of x(t) is finite, moreover = .

Therefore x(t) x0 as t . Note that f (x0 ) = 0, since otherwise we could extend

x(t) through x0 .

Then in early seventies R. Thom wanted to obtain a more precise statement for the gradient

trajectories (of an analytic function) when approaching a critical point x0 . He wanted to

show that a trajectory cannot spiral in some sense. Precisely he formulated it as follows

[Th].

Gradient Conjecture: Suppose that x(t) x0 . Then x(t) has a tangent at x0 , that is the

x(t) x0

limit of secants lim

exists.

t |x(t) x0 |

In other words, if x(t) is the image of x(t) under the radial projection Rn \ {x0 } 3 x

x x0

S n1 , then the conjecture claims that x(t) has a limit.

|x x0 |

In a joint paper with T. Mostowski, A. Parusi

nski [KMP] we have answered positively the

conjecture. Actually we have proved a stronger result: the length of x(t) can be uniformly

bounded for trajectories starting sufficiently close to x0 .

The goal of my lectures will be to present main ingredients of our proof, but also related

topics and generalizations to a more general context like o-minimal geometry [K], [KP].

Lojasiewiczs theorem is a consequence of his celebrate gradient inequality [L], [L1], [LT]

which states that if f is analytic, then in a neighborhood of x0

|f | c|f f (x0 )| ,

(0.1)

for some < 1 and c > 0. I will present also an alternative approach cf. [DD], to the

estimate for the length of a trajectory of the gradient of an analytic function, which allows

Date: June 3, 2013.

1

to obtain uniform bounds for the length in the polynomial case. In fact inequality 0.1

has a generalization to the o-minimal case and even for maps. As consequence we obtain

estimates for the length (or volume) of manifolds transverse to the fibers. I will explain

important notion of asymptotical critical values and characteristic exponents.

Tentative plan:

(i) Basic facts in subanalytic geometry.

(ii) Lojasiewiczs gradient inequality, quantitative aspects in the polynomial case. Generalizations to the o-minimal case. Generalizations for the maps.

(iii) Estimates for the length of gradient trajectories.

(iv) Asymptotical critical values and characteristic exponents.

(v) Proof of the gradient conjecture.

References

[DD] D. DAcunto, Sur les courbes integrales du champs de gradients, Th`ese Universit de Savoie (2001).

[K] K. Kurdyka, On gradients of functions definables in o-minimal structures, Ann. Inst. Fourier (Grenoble)

48 (3), 769-783 (1998).

[KMP] K. Kurdyka, T. Mostowski, A. Parusi

nski, Proof of the gradient conjecture of R. Thom, Ann. of

Math. (2) 152 (2000), no. 3, 763792.

[KP] K. Kurdyka, A. Parusi

nski, Quasi-convex decompositions in o-Minimal Structures. Application to the

Gradient Conjecture, Advanced Studies in Pure Mathematics 43, Singularity theory and its applications, 137-177, (2006) Mathematical Society of Japan.

[LT] M. Lejeune-Jalabert, B. Teissier, Cl

oture integrale des ideaux et equisingularite. With an appendix by

J-J. Risler. , Ann. Fac. Sci. Toulouse Math. (6) 17 (2008), 781- 859.

[L] S. Lojasiewicz, Une propriete topologique des sous-ensembles analytiques reels Les Equations aux

Derivees Partielles (Paris, 1962) pp. 8789 Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique,

Paris.

[L1] S. Lojasiewicz, Ensembles semi-analytiques, preprint IHES, 1965.

[Th] R.Thom, Probl`emes rencontres dans mon parcours mathematique: un bilan, Publ. Math. IHES 70

(1989), 200214.

de Savoie, UMR 5127 CNRS,

Laboratoire de Mathematiques (LAMA), Universite

73-376 Le Bourget-du-Lac cedex FRANCE

E-mail address: Krzysztof.Kurdyka@univ-savoie.fr

- St Joseph’s InstitutionUploaded bylindas@sji.edu.sg
- Functions SolutionsPublicUploaded byyuyang zhang
- Lecture 1Uploaded byphaniraj123
- 2ch6aUploaded byEdward Pitts
- Creating Multi-sections SolidsUploaded byCrisaor Arn
- Introduction to Differentiation - SolutionsUploaded bywolfretonmaths
- Examples of Pro-e surfaceUploaded byJuliana Negrini
- 01 Directional Derivatives and GradientUploaded byyay
- 1Uploaded bySiluvai Antony Praveen
- Setting Out of CurvesUploaded bySiti Khairina
- Calculus Examination TestUploaded byMukhtaar Case
- 7K1sB05pE0AUploaded byMuhammad Azam
- Maths lab bookUploaded byAhana Mukherjee
- Elementos de CurvaUploaded bycristofer_cristian
- Midpoint Scheduling Finite Infinite Scheduling SAPUploaded bySameer Bagalkot
- BECOMINGS the Body in Performance2014Uploaded byRegina Miranda
- Download AttachmentUploaded byMinjae Lee
- Spinner Lab (Constant Rotation Lab)Uploaded byFire1086
- Gr 12 Analytical GeometryUploaded bySebastián Santarrosa
- Pmr Trial 2011 Mm Q&A (Perak)Uploaded bySimPor
- M53 Lec1.2 One-Sided2 and Infinite Limits.pdfUploaded byptrc_
- Math PaperUploaded byDakota12345
- Pro-E Creating a SketchUploaded byrodiboss99
- Flash Cards Set 1Uploaded byderegnal
- Thabit Ibn QurraUploaded byAlxSmnv
- Catia Notes (f)Uploaded byJai Pal Singh
- vfdh fyertyn hgntrnr ghnfgng ghngfdhnrthnUploaded bygarza_a
- Notes Deep LearningUploaded byUsama Ehsan
- 62562966 Calculus Early Transcendentals 8th Edition Solution Manual Chapter 04Uploaded byThaworn Ktn
- Math 9C Final Practice 3 With SolutionsUploaded byArthy Sangar

- 6733-7041-1-PBUploaded bySon Hoang
- [MATH-EDUCARE]_Bai Tap Hinh Hoc Xa Anh_Pham Binh DoUploaded bySon Hoang
- PreviewUploaded bySon Hoang
- 317436453 Nasrin Khaki Improving Reading ComprehensionUploaded bySon Hoang
- 100 Functional Equations Problems-OlympiadUploaded bysanits591
- Theory of Computing Systems Volume 9 Issue 4 1975 [Doi 10.1007_bf01715361] Stephen R. Bernfeld; Rodney D. Driver; V. Lakshmikantham -- Uniqueness for Ordinary Differential EquationsUploaded bySon Hoang
- 1988_chap01Uploaded bySon Hoang
- Tai Lieu Chuyen Toan Hinh Hoc 10 Doan QuynhUploaded bySon Hoang
- Đối Chiếu Phụ Âm Trong Tiếng Việt Và Ti..Uploaded bySon Hoang
- Một số định lý Hình học nổi tiếng và áp dụng.pdfUploaded bySon Hoang
- ch1Uploaded byMs. B.B.U.P. Perera - University of Kelaniya
- On Thi Tuyen Sinh Cao DangUploaded bySon Hoang
- Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal Volume 48 Issue 2 1998 [Doi 10.1023_a-1022853923977] Josef Kalas -- Nonuniqueness Results for Ordinary Differential EquationsUploaded bySon Hoang
- Đối chiếu phụ âm 2Uploaded bySon Hoang
- 64229-Article Text-149484-1-10-20160805Uploaded bySon Hoang
- The Method of Lagrange MultipliersUploaded bySon Hoang
- Lagrangian Methods for Constrained OptimizationUploaded bycesar_luis_galli
- Chap 4Uploaded bydelustrous
- sUploaded bySon Hoang
- Ordinary Differential Equations Wolfgang WalterUploaded bybenbran
- real_qual.pdfUploaded bySon Hoang
- SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis Volume 12 issue 2 1981 [doi 10.1137_0512014] Norris, M. J.; Driver, R. D. -- A Uniqueness Theorem for Ordinary Differential Equations.pdfUploaded bySon Hoang
- KyYeuToanHoc2015Uploaded byTriều Văn Dương
- S0002-9939-1981-0597654-4.pdfUploaded bySon Hoang
- DapAn1cdk38Uploaded bySon Hoang
- HW3-Sol_3.pdfUploaded bySon Hoang
- existence.pdfUploaded bySon Hoang
- Tactics For Listening Expanding.pdfUploaded bySon Hoang
- 0c9605283bd20631ac000000Uploaded byDaniel Lee Eisenberg Jacobs
- (Universitext) Ravi P. Agarwal, Donal O'Regan (Auth.)-An IntrodUploaded bySon Hoang

- Gamma BetaUploaded byMariana Villagomez
- Basic Strength of Materials TutorialUploaded byAbinashSahoo
- geostatisticsUploaded byJimmy Maharadja
- Caustics on Minkowski 3-SpaceUploaded bynapkinman
- Partial derivatives and their applicationUploaded byChristy Prabha
- Maximal Analytic Extension of the Kerr MetricUploaded byMario Mede Rite
- Cambridge BooksUploaded byHasufin
- hummatter ggtyyUploaded byEddy Bonzo
- Dressing Transformations and Poisson Group ActionsUploaded byDamien Ashwood
- 1.IJPRJUN20171Uploaded byTJPRC Publications
- 3D Assignment 2Uploaded byKarm Veer
- Hibbeler, Mechanics of Materials-Stress Transformation 2Uploaded bypoom2007
- FoliationsUploaded byJama Hana
- 3947 Tutorial MIUploaded bySivanesh Kumar
- Parabola (4).pdfUploaded byrakesh12031965
- Hole Argument in General RelativityUploaded byArian Jadbabaie
- CALCULUS 3 LECTURE NOTES 1.pdfUploaded byJamena Abbas
- Calculating Tank VolumeUploaded bygenergia
- CLIFFORD´S ALGEBRAUploaded byJorgeGrajalesRivera
- Alexander I. Bobenko- Surfaces from CirclesUploaded byGremnDL
- Khalil Wen untuk kitaUploaded byKhalil KW
- Cylindrical CoordinateUploaded byKun Chen
- moebius.pdfUploaded byeyenir
- Theoretical AstrophysicsUploaded byAninda Lahiri
- Actividad P2 CAvanzado OT12Uploaded bypato_osio
- ddg_hw1Uploaded byJayalakshmi Vallamkondu
- Lecture Notes in Math 55Uploaded byAzel Lai Dominguez Deleon
- 29_3Uploaded bymahyar777
- itzmeUploaded bySakthivel
- spinorUploaded byFred Perry