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C L A D D I N G

I N T E R I O R

CLADDING WITH FIBRE CEMENT


Isocolor
Isocolor
Isocolor
Isocolor

Structura
Structura Balkonplatten
Natura
Pigmenta

Eternit-Tergo
Eternit-Pikto
Eternit-Naxo
Eternit-Linar

Edition 2007

P L A N N I N G & I N S TA L L AT I O N

R O O F I N G

1. Shopping Mall Schwabengalerie, Stuttgart,


Germany
Design: Lon Wohlhage Wernik Architekten, Berlin,
Germany
2. Leisure Centre, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Design: Kennedy, Fitzgerald & Ass., Befast,
Northern Ireland
3. Stadion Francois Andr, La Baule, France
Design: Esteve & Boucheton, Nates, France

4. Community Centre, Oosterhout, Netherlands


Design: Jeanne Dekkers Architecture, Delft,
Netherlands
5. Airport Houari Boumediene, Algiers, Algeria
Design: Airport de Paris
6. Metro Station, Santiago de Chile, Chile
Design: Cade-Idepe, Mario Correa and
Sandra Zamorano, Chile

7. Airport, Dresden, Germany


Design: Planungsgruppe Blees & Kampmann,
Munich, Germany
8. Porsche Service Centre, Stuttgart, Germany
Design: Dierig Architekten, Ravensburg, Germany
9. Allianz Headquarter, Munich, Germany
Design: HPP Hentrich-Petschnigg & Partners,
Cologne, Germany

10 11 12

10. Hotel Iris, Granollers, Spain


Design: Francesc Vargas, Granollers
11. Eternit Headquarter, Heidelberg, Germany
Design: Astrid Bornheim, Berlin, Germany
12. Eternit Headquarter, Heidelberg, Germany
Design: Astrid Bornheim, Berlin, Germany

For further information to these projects, see brochure


Eternit International

Front cover:
Property: Youth centre, Berlin-Steglitz
Design: Eckert Negwer Suselbeek Architekten, Berlin
Product: Eternit Natura 8 und 12 mm riveted onto an
aluminium subconstruction

Service-Line +49 30 34 85 202


export@eternit.de
2

Introduction

Faades and Balconies with Eternit

building renovation with favourable physical properties and excellent design qualities.
A selection of projects is presented using
detailed faade sections and numerous
construction details.
In addition, qualified cladding experts provide individual advice on your specific property by telephone or on site. Particularly
in matters concerning detailed planning,
cost estimates and optimising economic
efficiency, we will assist you in every
phase of the construction process. Use our
know-how for forward-looking cladding
systems.

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

For over a century, architects have been


designing innovative architecture with
fibre cement cladding produced by Eternit.
Many of these buildings have made their
mark in architectural history; others have
been awarded major architectural prizes.
New developments by Eternit provide
exciting opportunities to continue this fine
architectural tradition.
Non-combustible fibre cement panels by
Eternit (building materials class A2) are
situable for buildings of every type and
height and for balcony panels. They are
available throughcoloured with matt
colour varnish (Natura) or with a colour
coating (Structura). A wide range of fixing
systems with edging profiles and stainless
steel components (Eternit-Naxo) are also
available. The panels can also be structurally bonded, or mounted secretly using
undercut anchors (Eternit-Tergo).
This brochure will provide you with ideas
for the design and a practical guide for the
construction of your building. Be it an office building, laboratory, school, kindergarten or residential building: the projects
presented are aesthetically, constructively
and economically impressive. The ventilated faade with fibre cement panels has
also proven to be a reliable system in

Eternit AG
Sales Export

Every cladding panel


produced by Eternit is
tested and certified as
being of environmentally compatible and
healthy building material.

We are a member of the

Technical state of the art 2006


All notes, technical and graphic information correspond to
the current technical state of the art and to our experience
based on this. The installations described are examples and
do not take into consideration the particular conditions in
every individual case. Details and suitability of the materials
for the intended construction purposes must be checked by
the client in any case. Eternit AG accepts no liability. This also
includes misprints and subsequent changes to technical
details.

German association of Building


Materials and Components
for Ventilated Rainscreen
Cladding
www.fvhf.de

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Case Study

Isocolor Durchgefrbt

Product Range

Natura

10

Tergo / Naxo faade systems

12

Weatherboarding

16

Renovation of residential high rise buildings

18

Product descriptions / applications


Technical data / calculations / regulations
Requirements / certification of structural stability
Fire protection soundproofing and condensation
Thermal insulation and weatherproofing
On-site work

20
22
24
26
27
28

Edge finishing after sawing


Installing on a wooden subconstruction
Installing on an aluminium subconstruction
Standard solutions

29
31
37
46

Tergo / Naxo faade systems

50

Weatherboarding

56

Structural bonding

59

Structura

61

Natura

62

Natura ivory-color

63

Accessories

64

Order form for panels / drilling

66

Construction principle of ventilated cladding

68

Service

69

Colour range

71

Fax info

73

Naxo

Structura

Weatherboarding

Photo left:
RS + Yellow Mbel, Mnster
Design: Bolles + Wilson, Mnster
Pelicolor Orange P 701
Faade + view of ceiling from below
Photo: Christian Richters, Mnster

Note:
This pictogram
in the text indicates
further information.

Imprint:
Eternit AG Sales export
Editors: Jan R. Krause, Silvia Lutz, Uwe Hammann
Registered office:
Eternit AG Im Breitspiel 20 D-69126 Heidelberg Germany
Company register: Heidelberg HRB 7456
5

Product Range

Product
Information

Laying

Appendix

Faades systems and aspects of design

Renovation

Planning Information

Design Themes

Examples in Use

Faades panels

Planning
Information

Faades with Eternit

Tergo

Content

Faades with Eternit

Faade Panels Natura and Structura

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

1. Structura,
p. 8
colour coating
2. Natura,
p. 10
matt colour varnish

Faades with Eternit

Fixing and Design

1. Eternit-Tergo,
p. 12 / p. 51
System for concealed fixing with
Eternit undercut anchors
2. Eternit-Naxo,
p. 14 / p. 55
Fastenings and sealing strips made of
polished stainless steel
3. Adhesive technology,
p. 15 / p. 59
SikaTack structural bonding system
4. Eternit faade screw (standard)
p. 31
for fixing on timber subconstruction
5. Eternit faade rivet (standard)
p. 37
for fixing on aluminium subconstruction

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

6. Weatherboarding,
p. 16 / p. 56 ff.
Structure and depth with strips made of
large-format fibre cement panels
7. Renovation,
p. 18
Economic efficiency and reliable performance

Faade Panels

Eternit Structura

Material: fibre cement (EN 12467)


Coating: colour coating, with UV-resistant and environmentally friendly colour pigments, several layers of pure acrylate
coating containing Fillite granules, Topcoat surface seal,
hot film application
Surface: granular, low dirt adhesion
Colours: 15 standard colours plus special colours of clients
own choise if technically feasible
Thicknesses: 8 mm, 12 mm
Format: max. panel dimensions 3,100 x 1,500 mm
Building material class: non-combustible, in accordance
with e. g. DIN 4102 A2 (A2-s1,d0 EN 13501-1)
Application: ventilated rainscreen cladding for buildings
of all types and heights
Fixing to aluminium subconstruction: Eternit faade rivet,
Eternit-Tergo, Eternit-Naxo, structural adhesion system
Fixing to timber subconstruction: Eternit faade screw,
Eternit-Naxo

The special coating of colour on the Structura faade panel makes it possible to
achieve a fascinating faade design with bright colour coatings.
Fillite granules in the surface produce extremely low dirt adhesion. They break
the surface tension of the rainwater, allowing it to drip off instead of running
down in streaks, as happens with smooth surface.

Planning Information: p. 20 ff.


Delivery Programme: p. 63

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Overview of Colours: p. 70

Academy Building, Dresden


Design: Heinle, Wischer und Partner
Product: Structura black P 001
Faade Award: 2004
Photo: Bernadette Grimmenstein, Hamburg / FVHF
8

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Case Study

Eternit Structura

Faade Panels

Eternit Natura (including former throughcoloured program)

Material: throughcoloured fibre cement (EN 12467)


Coating: matt varnish on grey or anthracite throughcoloured
boards, with UV-resistant and environmentally friendly colour
pigments, several layers of pure acrylate coating, hot film
application
Surface: smooth with the texture of the fibre cement
showing through
Colours: 42 standard colours
Thicknesses: 8 mm, 12 mm
Format: max. effective panel dimensions 3,100 x 1,250 mm.
The edges must be impregnated using Luko edge sealing
Building material class: non-combustible, in accordance
with e. g. DIN 4102 A2 (A2-s1,d0 EN 13501-1)
Application: ventilated rainscreen cladding for buildings of all
types and heights, and interior fit-out
Fixing to aluminium subconstruction: Eternit faade rivet,
Eternit-Tergo, structural adhesion system
Fixing to timber subconstruction: Eternit faade screw,
Eternit-Naxo

The coloured varnish of the Natura panels allows the texture of the fibre cement
to show through. Irregularities, differences in shade and traces of the manufacturing process are to be expected.

Planning Information: p. 20
Delivery Programme: p. 64, 66

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Colour Range: p. 72

School complex, Stetten


Design: dk Architekten, Stuttgart
Axel Dorner, Elmar Knig
Product: Natura
Photo: Zooey Braun

10

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Case Study

Eternit Natura

11

Faade systems

Tergo

E t e r n i t - Te r g o D e s i g n S y s t e m s

Eternit-Tergo is a faade system for secret fixing to subconstructions made of aluminium. In addition to high-quality, tailor-made and cladding panels with undercut fixing holes on
the back, the system also includes special Eternit undercut
anchors, along with matching screws and washers.
Building regulations for Eternit-Tergo allow free scope for
designs using cladding panels up to the full sizes of 3,100 x
1,500 mm for Structura and 3,100 x 1,250 mm for Natura.
The 12 mm thick panels are attached to an aluminium subconstruction by concealed fixings in the form of panels hangers or panel rails.

The Bavarian Environment Agency in Augsburg was clad in


Natura panels with a red finish, fixed with condealed
fastenings using the Eternit-Tergo faade system.
Design: Kaup, Scholz, Jesse + Partner, Munich.

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Planning Information: p. 51

The splayed Eternit undercut


anchor locks snugly into the predrilled blind hole on the back of
the 12 mm thick fibre cement
panel to ensure that forces are
transferred uniformly.

12

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Case Study

E t e r n i t - Te r g o

13

Tergo

Faade systems

Eternit-Naxo

Naxo

Eternit-Naxo is a combination of two high-quality materials:


fibre cement and stainless steel. The fibre cement panels are
fixed to a timber or aluminium subconstruction by means of a
stainless steel screw or a stainless steel / aluminium rivet
with a solid Naxo element. The panels are bordered along the
joints by sealing strips made of polished stainless steel.
The range of geometrical forms of the Naxo elements is unrestricted. In addition to the forms shown here, other models are
available.

Eternit-Naxo elements accentuate the fibre cement faade on


this residential and commercial building in Hamburg.
Design: Architektenbro Horst Reincke, Hamburg.

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Planning Information: p. 55

Selection of Eternit-Naxo
elements:
Conical, wide: D 34/13 mm,
H max. 24 mm
Conical, slender: D 20/13 mm,
H max. 20 mm
Cylindrical:
D 16 mm,
H max. 25 mm

14

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Case Study

Eternit-Naxo

15

Naxo

Aspects of Design

Weatherboarding

Weatherboarding

Weatherboarding can lend optical depth and structure to a


faade. It is laid out on the basis of panel dimensions, which
may be individually selected. Weatherboarding is distinctive
thanks to its extraordinary diversity. Numerous options are
available. Entirely new effects can be achieved by making
minor modifications.
The result of laying simple horizontal weatherboarding on an
aluminium or timber subconstruction is reminiscent of the traditional forms of rural buildings. Larger panels emphasise the
abstract character of a building. Brackets can be used to
increase the recess between boards and create a stronger
shadow line.

On this residential and commercial block in Oranienburg,


designed by architects Gruber + Popp, the weatherboarding of
white Natura faade panels lends the northern faade an
unexpectedly three-dimensional appearance, which is further
accentuated by the deepset windows. The panels are fixed
using concealed fastenings and arranged staggered, in courses. This produces a refined play of shadows, which is further
enhanced by joints lined in cobalt blue.
Design: Gruber + Popp, Berlin.

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Planning Information: p. 56 ff

Weatherboarding can be mounted on an aluminium or timber


subconstruction using visible or
concealed fixing. The modelling
of the faade is enhanced by increased recessing to create a
stronger shadow line.

Visible
fixing

Concealed
fixing

16

Concealed
fixing with
shadow gap

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Case Study

Weatherboarding

17

Weatherboarding

Aspects of Design

Renovation of Residential High Rise Buildings

The main objective of faade renovation is to preserve the


fabric of the building and to improve the quality of housing.
Ventilated rainscreen cladding meets a high standard of faade design and offers a sustainable solution for achieving
improved heat insulation along with reliable physical performance. The aluminium subconstruction allows structural tolerance to be optimised.

Renovation

In the case of this renovated residential building at Platz der


Vereinten Nationen in Berlin, coloured panels have been used
to connect pairs of windows and give the faade a banded
appearance. The balconies and the areas between the window strips are, like the side walls, clad in an pale colour. The
massing of the six staggered sections of the building is accentuated by the vivid colour and texture of the Structura cladding
panels, while the stripes bring them together as a unified
whole.

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Colour scheme: Hans Albrecht Schilling, Bremen.

Exemplary faade renovation:


Residential tower blocks, Fischerinsel, Berlin.
Mendelssohnviertel housing
estate, Berlin.

18

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Case Study

Renovation of Residential High Rise Buildings

19

Renovation

Planning Information

Product Description

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Fibre Cement
Fibre cement is a modern reinforced material
made of natural and environmentally friendly
raw materials. The sum of this materials positive characteristics fulfils todays high expectations for construction and design. This technology can now look back on more than twentyfive years of development, observation and
experience in laboratory and accelerated
tests, as well as actual long-term on-site.
Since 1980 many million square metres of
fibre cement products have been installed on
roofs and faades, withstanding extreme climatic conditions.
Large size fibre cement panels for backventilated rainscreen faades have proved to be
highly successful in everyday use. They consist of a non-combustible, dense material,
fibre-reinforced hydrated cement, which is
dimensionally stable and weatherproof in its

hardened state. Of the raw material used in


fibre cement, the greater part consists of the
bonding agent portland cement, which is produced by burning limestone and clay marl. In
order to optimise this products properties,
additional materials are added, e. g. powered
lime.
Synthetic organic fibres made from polyvinyl
alcohol are used as reinforcing fibres. These
fibres are similar to those used in the textile
industry to produce outerwear, protective
fabrics, fleece, and for medical stitching
thread. Of great importance is their physiological safety. During the production of fibre
cement, so-called process fibres act as filter
fibres. These consist mainly of cellulose fibres
similar to those used in the paper industry. Air
is also present in the form of microscopically
sized pores. Owing to the presence of this

micropore-system, a frost-resistant, moistureregulating, breathable and yet impermeable


material is created.
Products made of fibre cement react in a completely neutral fashion to electromagnetic
waves and radiation, so that radio waves,
infrared facilities, personal paging systems
and radar waves are not adversely affected.
The industrially applied multiple hot-film surface guarantees cladding panels with a consistently high standard of quality. They are nonfading and UV-stable. A sealing coat of equally high physical quality is applied to the rear of
each panel. Every cladding panel produced by
Eternit AG is tested and certified as an environmentally compatible and healthy building
material.

Production of Fibre Cement Panels


Reinforcing
Fibres

Cement

Process
Fibres

Water
Mixer

Mixer

Stirring Vat

Planning
Information

Water

Panel-forming maschine

Cutting table

Press

Cladding panels

Material Properties
Structura and Natura
Color-coated faade panels made of pressed,
hardened fibre cement have an ideal static
profile and are

non-combustible A2-s1,d0 (EN 13501-1)


weatherproof and frost-resistant
impermeable
rot-proof

20

impact-resistant
shockproof and UV-stable.

Planning Information

Applications

Structura
Germany: General Building Supervisory Board
registration number Z-31.1-34: The Structura
fibre cement panel may be used for external
claddings in accordance with e. g. DIN 185161, External enclosures of buildings, ventilated;
Requirements and testing, as a non-combustible construction material (A2-s1,d0) in
accordance with EN 13501-1. The thick-ness
is either 8 mm or 12 mm.

Natura
Germany: General Building Supervisory Board
registration number Z-31.1-34: The Natura
fibre cement panel may be used for external
claddings in accordance with e. g. DIN 185161, External enclosures of buildings, ventilated;
Requirements and testing, as a non-combustible construction material (A2-s1,d0 EN
13501-1) in accordance with e. g. DIN 41021. The thickness is either 8 mm or 12 mm.

Eternit-Tergo
1
Germany: The General Building Supervisory
Board registration number Z 21.9-1534 has
been granted for secret fixing with Eternit
undercut anchors in the Eternit-Tergo system.

Applications
Large size fibre cement panels are chiefly
used for:
External cladding of buildings, ventilated;
in accordance with
e. g. DIN 18516-1
infilling with post-and-rail construction
weatherboarding
exterior cladding of prefabricated composite elements (sandwich elements)

cornice flashing
cladding of window reveals
cladding of window and door headers
lining of interior walls
verges and eaves fascia
soffit boards
balcony fascias

Planning
Information

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Approvals (General Building Supervisory Board registration numbers)

1 Planning Information Eternit-Tergo from page 51

21

Planning Information

Te c h n i c a l D a t a / C a l c u l a t i o n s

Te c h n i c a l D a t a
Density
Bending Strength
Breaking point
Compression Strength
Breaking point
Modulus of Elasticity

50 N/mm2
approx. 15,000 N/mm2
at = 0.01 mm/mK

Coefficient of Moisture Expansion

1.0 mm/m (dry to saturated)

Natura 8 mm
Frost Resistance
Temperature Stability
Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

II 17 N/mm2
24 N/mm2

Coefficient of Thermal Expansion

Diffusion Resistance
Structura 8 mm

Planning
Information

1.65 g/cm3

m = 350 at 0 50 % rel. humidity / m = 140 bei 50 100 % rel. humidity


m = 320 at 0 50 % rel. humidity / m = 140 bei 50 100 % rel. humidity
According to DIN 52104
No change until 80C

Building Material Class

Non-combustible A2 (DIN 4102-1), A2-s1,d0 (EN 13501-1)

Initial Moisture Content

6%

Water Absorption

20 %

Thermal Conductivity

l = approx. 0,6 W/mK

Chemical Resistance

Similar to Concrete C 35/45 (formerly B 45)

Resistance to Ageing

Similar to Concrete C 35/45 (formerly B 45)

Calculations for Fibre


Cement Panels

Permissible Design Load


on Eternit Screws and
Rivets used in Fixing
Systems
Only these building regulations-approved
screws and rivets may be utilized.

Permanent
load
kN/m2

Permissible
bending stress
MN/m 2

Modulus of
elasticity
MN/m 2

Coefficient of
thermal expansion
10-6K-1

Z-31.1-34
Natura / Structura

0.18

6.0

15,000

10

Z-31.1-34
Natura / Structura

0.28

6.0

15,000

10

In accordance
with approvals

Permissible lateral force


kN

Type of fixing
Coloured Eternit
faade screw 5,5 x 35
amin 20 mm
for d = 8 mm

0.33

Coloured Eternit faade rivet


4 x 18-K 15 mm for d = 8 mm
4 x 25-K 15 mm for d = 12 mm
amin 30 mm

0.82

Permissible tensile force


kN centre
kN edge
0.32

0.30

0.67

0.56

t min 1.8 mm

amin = smallest recommended edge distance of fibre cement panels at right angles to subframe, edge distance parallel to profile or batten 80 - 160 mm.
tmin = minimum flange thickness of aluminium subframe.

22

Planning Information

Te c h n i c a l D a t a / C a l c u l a t i o n s

Stamped edges. Permissible Dimensional Variations


Panels with cut edge

width mm

length mm

width mm

Structura

3,130 12

1,530 6

3,100 1

1,500 1

Natura

3,130 12

1,280 6

3,100 1

1,250 1

2,830 12

1,280 6

2,800 1

1,250 1

2,530 12

1,280 6

2,500 1

1,250 1

useful size
cut edge

stamped edge

Panels with stamped edge


length mm
delivered size

Stamped edge
As a rule, panels are delivered with stamped
edges, as illustrated. Panels with this type of
edge must trimmed approx. 15 mm on all
sides before being used.
All edges of Natura panels which have been
cut on site must be impregnated with Luko
803 sealing at a temperature between +5 C
and +25 C. Natura panels which have been
factory-cut are to be pre-impregnated with
Luko 803 edge sealing upon leaving the factory.

Panel thickness: 8 mm ( 0.6 mm) or 12 mm ( 0.9 mm).

DIN 18516-1
DIN 1052-1-4
DIN 1055-4
DIN 1745-1
DIN 4074-1
DIN 4102-1
DIN EN 13501-1
DIN EN 12467
DIN 4108-3

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

DIN 4109
DIN 4113-1
DIN EN 13162
DIN 18202
DIN 52210
DIN 68800-1, -2, -3 und -5
DIN V ENV 61024-1

ATV DIN 1833


ATV DIN 18360
DIN 1055-3
DIN 4103-1
DIN 18800-1
DIN 18800-7
DIN 55928-4
DIN 55928-5

External Enclosures of Buildings, Back-ventilated; Requirements and Testing.


Design of Timber Structures.
Action on Structures Part 4: Wind Loads.
Aluminium and aluminium alloys Sheet, strip and plate Part 2: Mechanical properties; comparsion of temper designations.
Strength Grading of Wood Part 1: Coniferous Sawn Timber.
Fire Behaviour of Building Materials and Building Components.
Fire Classification of Construction Products and Building Elements.
Fibre Cement Flat Sheets Product Specifications and Test Methods.
Thermal Protection and Energy Economy in Buildings Part 3: Protection against Moisture Subject to Climate Condition; Requirements and Directions for Design and Construction.
Sound Insulation in Buildings; Requirements and Testing.
Aluminium Constructions under Predominanthy Static Loading.
Thermal Insulation Products for Buildings.
Tolerance in Building Construction Buildings.
Testing of Acoustics in Building; Airborne Impact and Sound Insulation.
Protection of Timber Used in Buildings.
Protection of Structures against Lightning General Principles. Supersedes DIN VDE 0185-100.
The following standards and guidelines are to be observed when planning and constructing
balconies:
Steel Construction Works..
Metal Construction Works.
Action on Structures Part 3: Self-weight and Imposed Load in Building.
Internal Non-loadbearing Partitions; Requirements, Testing.
Structural Steelwork; Design and Construction.
Steel Structures; Execution and Constructors Qualification.
Corrosion Protection of Steel Structures by Organic and Metalllic Coatings; Preparation and
Assessment of Surfaces.
Corrosion Protection of Steel Structures by Organic and Metallic Coatings; Coating Materials
and Systems.

This list makes no claim of completeness.


23

Planning
Information

Valid German Regulations Always Observe the Most Current Version

Planning Information

Requirements

Physical Requirements (Ventilation)


The combinated behaviour of the buildings
outer wall and the cladding should be taken
into account when considering thermal insulation, weatherproofing, acoustic insulation and
fireproofing. As a rule, rear ventilation is required to ensure the removal of any moisture
resulting from damp in the wall, rain, or condensation on the inside of the cladding, and to

ensure an uninterrupted capillary gap between


the cladding and the thermal insulation, if any,
or the wall surface.
The faade cladding should be positioned at a
distance of at least 20 mm from the thermal
insulation, or the wall surface, as the case may
be. This gap may be reduced locally to no less
than 5 mm by the subconstruction, for

instance, or by unevenness in the support


wall. In order to ensure that the faade cladding functions reliably at all times, openings
for ventilation with an area of at least 50 cm2
for every metre of wall length should be planned.

tical supporting profiles of aluminium, such


sections may not have flush joints between the
fixing points of a panel.
2
The minimum spacing of fixing holes from the
panel edges must be kept to: 20/80 mm for
mounting on a timber subconstruction and
30/80 mm on an aluminium subconstruction.
3 Maintenance of the cladding must be
possible. Anchor points should be provided for
freestanding scaffolding.
Insulation materials should be mounted permanently, without gaps, and without deformation, and should also take into account possible additional load from rain or other precipitation.
Wood and wood-based materials must be protected in accordance with e. g. DIN 68800-1,
-2, -3 and 5.
4

To avoid long-therm moisture penetration of


vertical structural timber battens, open joints
must be backed at timber battens with waterproof sealing strip applied between the timber
supporting batten and the fibre cement.
Structural details and building materials must
be chosen such as to guarantee that any detrimental effects, such as those of different building materials on each other, can be ruled out
even if they are not in direct contact, with
particular reference to the direction that water
is likely to flow.
5

When laying out Natura in the colour ivory on


an aluminium subconstruction, the maximal
effective size for a panel is limited to 2,500 x
1,220 mm.

impregnation of the pre-drilled holes is not


needed.
In semi-transparent coatings (e. g. Natura),
moisture ingress at the panel edges and predrilled holes can become apparent as a darker
shade in wet weather. Dependent on the seasonal climatic conditions, this effect disappears sooner or later in dry weather. Minor
irregularities, different colourings and traces of
the manufacturing process are normal characteristics of the general appearance.

Construction Requirements

Planning
Information

The faade cladding should be mounted such


as to avoid subjecting it to displacement constraint. Changes of shape should not be able to
create indirect loads that could damage the
cladding or the subconstruction at ties and
fixing points. Unconstrained support of the
faade panels can be achieved by drilling all of
a panels fixing holes with larger diameters
than the shank diameter of the screws or
rivets and, in the case of aluminium subconstruction, inserting plugs to create two fixed
points per panel.
1
At expansion joints in a building are same
movements must be possible in both the subconstruction and the cladding. This applies
correspondingly to expansion joints in the subconstruction. So that no indirect loads occur
owing to the coupling of single panels on ver-

Requirements for Mounting:


The geometrical assumptions made in the
structural calculations and in the working drawings should be complied with when mounting.
6

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Natura
Surface
Natura are high-quality faade panels of fibre
cement with the internal structure showing
through a hot-laminated, pure acrylate coating
applied to its visible face (giving an appearance similar to scumbling).
This achieves the effect, much sought after by
architects and builders, of revealing the character of the basic panel in its appearance.
This desired effect also means that temporary
variations in the state of the basic panel become visible at the surface. If the material
absorbs moisture at the edges, it automatically appears darker.
1 Mounting on an aluminium subconstruction, p 37 ff.
2 Position of the panel on the subconstruction, p. 38
3 Minimum edge spacing, pp. 33, 39

Edge Impregnation
Since dark stains along panel edges can spoil
the general appearance of a faade temporarity, edge impregnation (Luko egde sealant) is
specified for this material in order to reduce
water absorption substantially. Ready-cut
Natura panels are supplied pre-impregnated
with Luko edge sealant. Experience of a great
many completed projects has shown that
4 Wood preservation, p. 31
5 Combinations of metals, p. 46
6 Examples of fixing intervals, pp 35 ff., 41

24

Planning Information

Certification of Structural Stability

General Information
Certification of structural stability in accordance with local building regulations must be

obtained by the buildings owner or his representatives.

Requirements
In any certification of structural stability, a
minimum of 20 mm must be added to the
planned cavity between the faade and clad-

ding, so as to allow for dimensional variations


in the exterior wall.
This amount may be changed if on-site mea-

surements show that the dimensional variation is less than this.

Changes in Shape
Any change in the shape of cladding panels must not impair their function.

Calculations of dead weight, permissible bending strength, modulus of elasticity and the
coefficient of thermal expansion for fibre-cemnet panels are to be taken as stated in the certificates of approval.
1 The permissible
loading of fixing systems is to be taken as stated in the certificates of approval or in certification of testing.
2 Proof of resistance to
wind load of closed prismatic structures in

accordance with e. g. DIN 1055-4 is to be provided for all components of any external cladding.
Panels must not be subjected to additional
load from components for advertising or window systems, for example. Provided that it is
possible to differentiate between main and
additional loading, certification of structural
stability for external cladding should base the

main load on the panels dead load and on


wind loading.
For buildings with ventilated rainscreen cladding, increased wind suction near edges in
accordance with e. g. DIN 1055-4 need to be
taken into account if the cladding is ventilated
in accordance with e. g. DIN 18516-1, for
example through open joints between the
cladding panels.
3

standards or building regulations approvals


must be tested and certified in accordance
with e. g. DIN 18516-1.
In calculating the cut sizes of panels, in
accordance with e. g. DIN 18516-1 must be
taken into consideration. Plugs, anchor profiles and other such components for ancho-

ring subconstructions to external walls may


only be used if their suitability has been certified. e. g. general building regualtions
approval.

Structural Design
All components of external cladding must be
rated according to the safety factors and permissible design load as stipulated in the respective standards or building regulations
approvals.
The load-bearing capacity of fixing systems
and fasteners that are not covered by the

1 Calculations, p. 22
2 Permissible design load, p. 22

25

Planning
Information

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Calculations, Design Loads, Loading Conditions

Planning Information

Fire Protection, Soundproofing and Condensation

Fire Protection
Ventilated rainscreen cladding has traditionally been one of the safest types of external
walls.
Current fire protection requirements for ventilated rainscreen cladding can be found in local
building regulations.
Fibre cement cladding panels can be used as
ventilted cladding for every type of building.
Structura and Natura are non-combustible
building materials (A2).

For buildings with an exterior cladding of noncombustible fibre cement panels (Building
Material Class A2), the subconstruction must
be of meaterials that are reted non-combustible (Building Material Class B2) or better.
There is, therefore, no objection in principal to
the widespread use of timber for the subconstruction.
According to the German Association of
Property Insurers (VdS) and fire departments in

Berlin and Hamburg, the risk of fires spreading


due to ventilated faades is rated as slight, as
long as cladding and insulating layers consist
of non-combustible building materials.
With high-rise buildings, unusual kinds of buildings, and those built for a special purpose,
non-combustible building materials are
demanded as a rule.

due to any external cladding is not included in


these calculations.
Performance tests (in accordance with e. g.
DIN 4109, paragraph 6.3) can be used to measure the actual soundproofing of solid walls
which have ventilated rainscreen cladding. For
example, the insulation against airborne sound
of a 200 mm thick aerated concrete wall with
Rw,R = 44 dB can be improved by 9 to 11 dB
by using ventilated rainscreen cladding consisting of 80 mm of insulation and 8 mm thick
fibre cement panels (see below).
The corresponding testing reports are available from Eternit AG, Germany.

The necessary degree of soundproofing of


windows can be calculated according to the
soundproofing level in accordance with e. g.
DIN 4109, Table 8, taking into consideration
the size of the room and the proportion of the
surface area. For reasons of cost, windows
with only a minimal soundproofing level are
commonly chosen. The higher level of sound
insulation provided by ventilated rainscreen
claddings results in an improved degree of
soundproofing. The end result is a more costeffective type of construction due to the use of
ventilated rainscreen cladding.

Planning
Information

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Soundproofing
In accordance with e. g. DIN 4109 Acoustic
Insulation in Buildings has strict requirements
concerning external airborne sound insulation,
especially for hospitals and residential and
office buildings. Table 8 in accordance with e.
g. DIN 4109 clearly states, for example, that
hospitals that are situated near main roads
and exposed to an external noise level of more
than 71 dB (A) must have faades with soundproofing in excess of Rw, res = 50 dB.
For the certified evaluation of the soundproofing of faades against external noise, in
accordance with e. g. DIN 4109, Attachment 1
takes only the soundproofing of the inner loadbearing shell into account. Acoustic insulation

R e s u l t s o f S o u n d p r o o f i n g L e v e l Te s t s o n F i b r e C e m e n t
Ventilated Rainscreen Cladding
Product

Thickness

Weight

Subcon- ThermalInsustruction
lation

[mm]

[kg/m2]

Structura

15.4

Al

Structura

15.4

Structura

15.4

Structura

Structura

12

Structura
Structura
Structura

Joints

Bare Wall

[mm]

Assessed
Assessed
Soundproof- Soundproof.
ing Level: in Level with
Bare Wall
Cladding
DIN 52 210 DIN 52 210
R(w) dB
R(w,P) dB

Nominal
Value

Improvement

as per
DIN 4109
R(w,R) dB

dB

60

open

44

53

51

Al

60

joint profile

44

54

52

10

Al

120

open

44

54

52

10

15.4

Al

120

joint profile

44

55

53

11

22.8

Al

60

open

44

54

52

10

12

22.8

Al

120

open

44

58

56

14

15.4

Al

60

54

62

60

15.4

Al

120

54

62

60

aerated
concrete

calcium
silicate
joint profile blockwork
open

Test Report no. L 99a.93 - P 300/92 prepared by: Ingenieurgesellschaft fr Technische Akustik mbH, 65205 Wiesbaden

26

Planning Information

Thermal Insulation and Weatherproofing

Condensation Protection
Condensation protection is an essential prerequisite of an exterior walls thermal insulation.
By using ventilated rainscreen cladding, the
precipitation of condensation on the inside of
external walls, potentially leading to the growth of mould, can be avoided.
Ventilated rainscreen cladding allows exterior
walls to be constructed correctly, with each

layer having a lesser resistance to moisture


diffusion than the one inside it. Moisture within
the building is carried of through the ventilated
cavity without allowing condensation to occur
on the inside of the external walls.
The improved drying capacity of external walls
that have ventilated faades constributes to a
healthy interior atmosphere and promotes an

energy balance, as otherwise excess moisture


can only be removed by increasing window
ventilation.
Possibilities of certification for condensation
protection are given in accordance with e. g.
DIN 4108-3 and in accordance with e. g. DIN
4108-5.

The thermal insulation of buildings in order to


save energy is subject to the German Energy
Conservation Ordinance (EnEV) of 2002, an
amendment to the Energy Conservation Law
(EnEG) of 1976. A central point of the new
regulations concerns the relationship between
buildings and their heating systems, the goal
being to reduce the demand for heating energy in an economically acceptable way.
However, they only require energy-saving
measures that are technically feasible and
economically justifiable for buildings of the
same kind and use.
Requirements are generally deemed to be
economically justifiable if the expenditure
involved can be recovered through savings
within the usual operating life of a building.
Unavoidable heat bridges, which must be
accounted for according to current technical
regulations, can be reliably identified and
measured with the help of testing procedures
used for the determination of heat transfer.
The FVHF (German Association of Building
Materials and Components for Ventilated
Rainscreen Cladding) has developed guidelines to assist in objectively quantifying the
thermal effect of heat bridges, during the physical certification of ventilated rainscreen cladding.

Especially stringent requirements are made of


the thermal protection of the exterior shell of
low-energy buildings, which is intended to
function, as much as possible, without additional heating. Ventilated rainscreen cladding
makes an ideal contribution to energy-saving
in this ambitious concept for conserving the
environment.
Insulation
Insulation made of hydrophobic mineral fibres
in accordance with e. g. DIN EN 13162, thermal conductivity group 035 (0.035 W/[m*K]) or
040 (0.040 W/[m*K]), is used for the thermal
insulation of ventilated rainscreen cladding. As
a rule. 80 mm thick insulation is installed.
Faade insulation boards are to be installed
according to standard fixing practices, and
shall be free of cavities between the substrate
and the insulating layer. Close-butt the boards
at all joints, and stagger the horizontal joints.
They are to be mechanically fixed using an
average of five insulation fixings per square
metre and tightly fitted to adjoining structural
members. Deutsche Rockwool Mineralwoll
GmbH (www.rockwool.de) and Saint Gobain
G+H (www.isover.de) offer approved faade
insulation boards, which are fixed with two
insulation fixings per board (approx. three
fixings per square metre).

in windy areas and regions with high levels of


annual rainfall, this type of cladding system
inhibits the penetration of water into buildings
without hindering the removal of moisture
from within them.
The separation of the cladding from the loadbearing structure and the insulation protects

the building from the weather, preventing it


from losing heat in the winter and accumulating heat in the summer, and creating a stable
and comfortable interior climate. The buildings components are protected from extreme temperature, which has a very positive
effect on their service life.

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Structural thermal insulation serves to protect


buildings from thermal extremes and moisture. It ensures peoples health and well-being,
the uninterrupted flow of production processes
and the climatic protection of goods. The use
of quality thermal insulation increases the longevity of buildings and eases the demand on
energy resources. Energy-saving thermal insulation is the first step towards an ecologically sustainable construction industry.
Separating the individual functions of the
various layers of external walls with ventilated
rainscreen cladding creates a constructive
system that meets the requirements of structural thermal insulation optimally and is less
susceptible to damage than any other type of
wall. Ventilated rainscreen cladding makes it
possible to achieve the desired heat transfer
coefficient (U value) practically regardless of
the type of existing wall. Mineral insulation of
almost any thickness can be installed at any
time of year and in all kinds of weather. The
minimum thermal insulation according to
German Federal State Building Regulations
includes, in addition to the basic requirements
formulated in Paragraph 3 of the same, the
use of hygienically necessary thermal insulation, which is defined in detail in accordance
with e. g. DIN 4108.

Weather Protection
Ventilated rainscreen cladding ensures the
long-lasting protection of buildings from
atmospheric precipitation. This type of faade
is classified in Exposure Group III in accordance with e. g. DIN 4108-3, the highest group,
which means that ventilated rainscreen cladding is extremely resistant to heavy rain. Even

27

Planning
Information

Thermal Insulation

Planning Information

On-Site Work

I n f o r m a t i o n a b o u t C u t t i n g F i b r e C e m e n t P r o d u c t s o n S t a t i o n a r y Ta b l e S a w s

Saw Blades
Feeding speed:
From 20 m/min (diamond saw blades)
From 3.0-3.5 m/min (carbide saw blades)

t
Colour-coating
upmost
Saw table

Cutting speed:
60 m/s with diamond saw blades,
2-2.5 m/s with carbide saw blades
Certain conditions are necessary in order to
achieve a longer life of saw blades and topquality cutting.
Carbide saw blades
Diamond or carbide saw blades in accordance with e. g. DIN 4990, Machining and User
Group K 10, are best for cutting fibre cement.
Silicon carbide blades and diamond cutting
discs should be not used with fibre cement

products. This applies to both dry and wet


cutting.
The reason is that both types of disc require
high cutting speeds. The corresponding cutting pressure can lead to above-average
material stress near the cut itself. Extreme
dust and noise production are additional reasons not to use these discs.

Vf
Cutting Quality

Planning
Information

Conical flat
tooth saw blade

To achieve a split-free cut, it is important that


there is only a slight difference between the
angle of incidence (E) and the exit angle (A)

with regard to the product being cut and the


hook angle of the saw blades teeth (t). A conical flat tooth blade with a hool angle of 5 is
the most suitable. Tooth spacing (t) should be
smaller than 10 mm.
In order to avoid stress fractures, the flange
diameter (dF) should be two-thirds of the
blade diameter (d).
Concentricity = 0.1 mm.

Cutting Speed
The saw blade should not project more than
5 mm.

The cutting speed vc


is determined thus:

Vc

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

d p n
Vc =
[m/s]
1000 60
with fibre cement 2-2.5 [m/s]
= 60 m/s (diamond blade)
= 2.0-2.5 m/s (carbide blade)

d = saw blade diameter (380 mm)


p = 3.14
n = drive shaft revolutions in min-1
(3,000 min-1)
V 1,000 60
n = c
[min-1]
d p

Feeding Speed
The feeding speed vf
is determined thus:

Fibre cement
Vf

f z n
Vf = z
1000

m/min.

with fibre cement 3.0-3.5


= 20 m/min (diamond blade)
= 3.0-3.5 m/min (carbide blade)
28

fz = feed per tooth mm


z = number of teeth
n = drive shaft revolutions in min-1
Note:
fz = 0.3-0.35 mm

Instruction

Edge Finishing after Sawing

Luko 803-edge finishing for Natura


Luko-paint bucket for maximum 0.5 l paint
Pot with 0.5 l Luko 803-impregnation agent (best before: 6 month after date of filling).
Luko 803 is a dispersion, shake or stir well before use.
Applicator with a special micro fibre-sponge (5 x 8 cm).

Dip applicator into impregnation agent.


Luko 803-impregnation agent is used undiluted.
Wipe the applicator on the surface of the paint bucket to prevent dripping and to make
sure that unnecessary dispersion can flow back.
Processing and store temperature should be between +5C and +25C.

Finishing must be done sheet by sheet and not a stack all at once.
Pull applicator in a small inclination along the edge, to avoid residues on the visible side.
Impregnation running on top has to be wiped off immediately with a cloth in direction of
the edge. Soiling on the surface has to be removed immediately.

The complete impregnation of the edges, of the Natura board, prevents moisture
absorption along the edges and any resulting temporary dark discolouring of the visible
surface at the edges.

Luko 803-edge impregnation has to cover the saw cut completely. A sufficient impregnation can be recognized at the complete glossy surface of the edges.
Thick and dry rest can be disposed in the normal garbage. After an immediate cleaning
with clear water the sponge can be reused.

29

Planning
Information

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Never pour back surplus Luko 803-edge impregantion out of the paint bucket into the
pot, or use it later on. Replace impregnation agent approx. 200 cuts.

Planning Information

On-Site Work

Edge Finish
It is advisable to sand the edges of panels after
cutting them to size. This reduces the possibility of damage and improves their appearance.
A block of wood, approx. 400 x 100 mm in
size, with a piece of sandpaper (80-grit) affixed to it can be used to sand the edges.

The edges of Natura panels that have been cut


on-site must be impregnated. The edges of all
factory-cut Natura panels have to be impregnated Luko edge sealant at the factory. In
semi-transparent coatings (e. g. Natura), moisture ingress at the panel edges and predrilled

holes can become apparent as a darker shade


in wet weather. Depending on seasonal weather conditions, this effect disappears during
dry periods.

Information Concerning the On-Site Preparation of Fibre Cement Products


Fibre cement products can be delivered in a
ready-to-use state, i. e. ready to install, so
that only on-site cutting to size is necessary.

To this end the german Fibre Cement Industry


Association has funded and promoted the
development of dust-free tools.

Circular Saws

Vacuum Cleaners

S i t e To o l s
Rivet Setters

Planning
Information

Festo plunge-cut saw AXT 50 LA


Power input: 750 Watt

Cordless rivet setter: GESIPA Accubird

RPM: 210 U/min.

Festo special vacuum cleaner SRH 204 E-AS

Weight: approx. 6.4 kg

Power input: 350 - 1,200 W

Festo guide rail, 3 m

RPM: max 3,400 l/min


Weight: 14.5 kg

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

www.festool.de

mafell portable panel saw system PSS


Heavy-duty rivet setter: GESIPA HN 2

3100 SE with guide track and diamond


saw blade
Hand Saws
Jigsaws
Consisting of:

General-duty rivet setter Format

Compass saw (complete) ABC

Steel saw blade, cut withaot oscillating.

Saw blade (quick-change) + grip

Recommendation: Bosch T 141 HM

Weight: approx. 0.2 kg

saw blade

30

Planning Information

Timber Framework

General Notes
Exterior wall cladding on timber subframes
usually consists of the following components:

Anchors

Cladding

For anchoring the subconstruction on the supporting structure, approved plugs or plug-andscrew combinations must be used. The stipulations of the corresponding approval certification must be observed.

Timber battens for fixing


Counter battens or metal brackets
Fasteners

Insulation, insulation fasteners

Timber battens of Class C 24 (formaly S 10) in


accordance with e. g. DIN 4074-1 are to be
used for the subframe on which the panels ar
to be fixed.

Wood Preservation
Timber subframes must be treated with a
wood preservative in accordance with e. g.
DIN 68800-2. Battens and counter battens of
hazard class (GK) 0 do not need preventive
chemical tratment against fungal or insect
attack, subject to the conditions stated in
accordance with e. g. DIN 68800-2.
Dispensing with the preventive chemical treatment of timber is an important contribution to
the environment.

Battens and counter battens satisfy hazard


class 0 if:
the moisture content at the time of fixing
1 < 20 % or if it has been ensured that
the wood will dry out to this moisture
content within a period of six months
from then.
if suitable measures have been taken to
ensure that the moisture content of the
wood when in use does not regularly

exceed 20 %. These include measures to


protect in from wetness when in use
(e. g. splashing), moisture from adjoining
parts of the building (drainage layers)
and condensation (proof of compliance in
accordance with e. g. DIN 4108-3).
If these conditions cannot be met, the framework must be protected in accordance with
e. g. DIN 68800-3 Protection of Timber Used
in Buildings, Chemical Preventive Protection.

Standard construction

Battens fixed with plugs

Timber subframe with supporting brackets

With vertical battens. Insulation between horizontal counter battens. It is obligatory to fix the
insulation with insulation fasteners, whereby
adhesive fixing is also permissible.

Vertical battens laid on insulation without


brackets. The dead weight of the construction
is borne by suitable plugs fixing the subframe.
Insulation to be fixed with fasteners as per the
manufacturers specifications.

To accommodate insulation of a greater


thickness, the vertical battens can be supported on metal brackets or U-shaped connectors
with a thermal break. The connectors must be
resistant to corrosion caused by the wood preservative used.

Laying

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Types of Construction

For further details, see www.eternit.de

31

Planning Information

Timber Subframe

Framework Fasteners
Counter batten

Fastener
Batten

Minimum dimensions of battens and associated screw or nail positioning:

5 dn
7 dn

Batten

Counter batten
5 dn

5 dn

Insulation

Counter batten
30

Fastener

30
Anchor

Positioning
Two fasteners on the diagonal at each intersection of battens. The fixing battens usually
run vertically.

Fastener

The batten widths relate exclusively to the


fixing centres shown. Depending on the type
and positioning of plugs (anchoring in the
exterior walls) and the positioning of a batten
behind a panel joint, wider battens may be
necessary.

Batten

Fasteners in accordance with e. g. DIN 10522 such as special nails (with a ring or spiral
shank) are to be used for fixing battens and
counter battens.

Nails with smooth shanks are not permissible


for this application.

General building regulations approval is required for the use of special screws and clamps.

the cladding ot the subframe at ties and fixingpoints. Unrestrained support of the panels on
wooden subframes can be achieved if all of a

panels fixing holes are drilled with diameters


approx. 2 mm larger than the shaft diameter of
the fasteners.

Fixing to Timber Subframes


The panels are to be mounted free of end
restraint. Changes of shape should not be able
to result in indirect loads that could damage

Coloured Faade Screw


~ 100
5

EPDM- or black-coated
Alu-Sealing strip

15

Laying

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Fasteners

30

20

8-10

1 Eternit Faade screw, page 64


2 Eternit special drill for fibre cement 6 mm, page 65

32

Eternit faade screw, building regulations


approved. Failure to use this screw invalidates
the warranty.
1
5.5 x 35 mm for 8 mm faade panels,
5.5 x 45 mm for 12 mm faade panels and
for visible weatherboard fixing with 8 mm
panels, stainless steel, material no. 1.4567 in
accordance with e. g. DIN 1654-5 with T 20
hex socket cap screw. Minimum screw depth
of 25 mm in each case.
The battens must be chosen such that the
distance of the screws from the edge of the
batten is not less than 15 mm.
The fixing hole must be drilled with a diameter
2 mm larger than the shaft diameter. For
Eternit faade screws, the panels are to be
pre-drilled with 6 mm using the Eternit special drill.
2

Planning Information

Installation on Timber Subframes

Minimum Spacing of Fasteners on a Wooden Subframe

80
160

Sealing strip

Wooden
fixing
batten
20
160

30

Joint (10 mm)

Faade
screw

Faade
panel

20

Sealing
strip

Edge fixings must be located no less than 80


mm from the edges parallel to the fixing battens and no less than 20 mm from the edges
perpendicular to the fixing battens.
Fixings should not be located more than 160
mm from panel edges.
To avoid water damage to the wooden subframe, sealing strips of sufficient width are to be
laid between the panels and the fixing battens.
This prevents the battens from becoming permanently damp. The strip, consisting of EPDM,
or of black-coated aluminium foil, must project
for at least 5 mm beyond the edge of the batten that it is to protect.

10
Faade screw

Formation of Joints

Open horizontal joint


(10 mm)

Many years of practice have shown that the


optimum width of joints between large format
faade panels of fibre cement is 10 mm. A
joint width of 10 mm creates an optimum
aesthetic effect of joints on the faade, avoids
technical problems in operation and facilitates
construction. Joints may not be constructed
with a width of 8 mm or less. Open joints
should not been constructed with a width
greater than 12 mm.

In the horizontal joints are formed as open


joints, this considerably reduces the likelihood
of dirt spoiling the appearance of the faade.
These also function as additional ventilation
openings, thus helping to ensure the smooth
performance of the cladding system. Detailed
research by recognised testing agencies and
practical experience have shown that the optimum performance of the faade (rainscreen)
is given with open joints (8 - 10 mm).

Fibre cement faade panels with coloured


finish are to be stored and transported with
their entire area supported on a flat, dry surface. The protective paper or plastic sheeting
laid between panels to protect the high-quality coating is to be replaced with new material
if panels are re-stacked face-to-face / backto-back. The panels are to be protected from

moisture and dirt by covering them with


heavy-duty polythene sheeting or equivalent
until they are installed. They must be lifted
completely from the stack and not slid. Panels
should always be held vertically, on-edge,
when being carried. The maximum number of
panels per stack stated in the Product Range
section of this brochure may not be exceeded.

Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n a n d S t o r a g e

33

Laying

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Vertical joint (10 mm)


with sealing strip
(110 mm) on vertical
fixing batten (100 mm)

Design Information

Mounting Large Size Faade Panels

Corner Profiles and Joint Profiles


Only corner profiles that do not result in displacement may be used. Care must be taken
to avoid coupling across movement joints.
1
Material: painted, plastic or powder-coated
aluminium.
1

3
The thickness of the sealing strip may not
exceed 0.8 mm. The strip should be fixed
sufficiently to prevent it slipping.
The use of horizontal sealing strips is likely
to increase the accumulation of dirt.
Material: painted, plastic or powder-coated
aluminium.

Care should be taken not to lay one layer of


sealing strip over another.
1 Crimped profile / 2 L profile /
3 without backing at the joint

Any panels mounted adjacent to a scaffolding


anchor should be secured subsequently with
Eternit fasteners as the scaffolding is dismantled. If this is not possible, the holes in the faa-

de panel should be left open. Gluing-in scaffolding ties is not permissible.

liquid. High-pressure cleaners set to a reduced


pressure can also be used. Lime specks or
splashes of cement are to be treated with a
5 % malic acid solution and washed off with
plenty of water. It is important that not malic

acid comes into contact with bare metal surfaces. fibre cement dust can be removed easily
with a microfibre cloth.

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Scaffolding Anchors

Reusable scaffolding
anchor fixed through
the joints.

Final Cleaning
The final cleaning of the faade is to be carried
out using sponges and water from a hosepipe
as the scaffolding is dismantled. If a cleaning
agent is to be added, this should be a standard, commercially available dish-washing

Laying

Protection against Vandalism


12 mm thick Structura faade panels meet the
requirements for safety against ballthrowing
laid down in accordance with e. g. DIN 18032,
Sports Halls Halls of Gymnastics, Games and

1 Movement joint without coupling, page 38

Multi-Purpose Use Part 3.


Certificate of testing from FMPA, BadenWrttemberg, No. 46/28260.
Construction details:

34

Joint width 10 mm, vertical support battens


(50 x 30 mm / 100 x 30 mm), faade screw,
5.5 x 45 mm, screw spacing 408 mm (vertical)
and 605 mm (horizontal).

Design Information

Fixing to a Timber Subconstruction

Centre Spacing
Timber subconstruction

80
160

EPDM or coated aluminium sealing


strip on timber subconstruction

than those given here. In general, edge


distances should not be greater than 160 mm.
In certain situations, however, e. g. above roller-blind headboxes, edge distances of up to
200 mm are permissible. If the edge distances
are greater than 160 mm, differences in the
alignment of adjacent panels can occur. This
does not affect their structural stability.

fibre cement
faade panel
80

20
160

The following fixing tables offer non-binding


recommendations for maximum panel dimensions in practice. A structural analysis and any
construction planning based on it must be calculated with reference to the object itself in all
cases. The spacing of fixings is influenced by
the choise of subconstruction, supports and
anchoring. The edge distances may not be less

Minimum Edge Distances on


Timber Subconstruction

From Table 1 on next page (outlined):


a = 2 x 605 mm = horizontal centre spacing
b = 3 x 780 mm = vertical centre spacing
2,500

20

20
a = 2 x 605

80

Parameters:
Height of building H 8 m
Timber subconstruction
Panels mounted vertically on vertical
battens
Panel format (H x W) 2,500 x 1,250 mm
Panel thickness 8 mm
Standard zone of the building

b = 3 x 780

Example

1,250

Fixing Narrow Fibre Cement Strips (8 mm thick)


Timber Subconstruction

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Narrowest strip format,


up to 1.00 m in length,
with one row of fixings

Narrowest strip format,


up to 3.10 m in length,
with one row of fixings

Widest strip format,


up to max. 3.10 m in length,
with one row of fixings

Narrowest strip format,


up to max. 3.10 m in length,
with two rows of fixings

Vertical batten fixing

Width 60 mm or more,
a = 30 mm

Width 160 mm or more,


a = 80 mm

Width 100 mm or more,


central fixing, a = 50 mm

Width ab 240 mm or more,


central fixing, a = 120 mm

Eccentric
fixing
20 mm a 80 mm

Eccentric
fixing
80 mm a 160 mm

Width up to 300 mm,


central fixing, a = 150 mm

Width up to 300 mm,


central fixing a = 150 mm

Eccentric
fixing
40 mm a 150 mm

Eccentric
fixing
80 mm a 150 mm

Width 120 mm or more,


centre spacind, b 80 mm

Width 240 mm or more,


centre spacing, b 80 mm

The number of fasteners per row depends on the length of the strip and the height of the building.
35

Laying

Horizontal batten fixing

Design Information

Fixing on Timber Subconstruction

Ta b l e 1 : C e n t r e S p a c i n g o n Ti m b e r S u b c o n s t r u c t i o n
Panels Arranged Vertically on Vertical Battens
Panel Dimensions
Height x Width x Thickness
mm

Structura and Natura

2,500 x 1,250 x 8

2,800 x 1,250 x 8

3,100 x 1,250 x 8
3,100 x 1,500 x 8
Structura only

Centre
Spacing
mm

8m

horizontal a =

2 x 605

2 x 605

2 x 605

2 x 605

3 x 403

3 x 403

vertical

b=

3 x 780

4 x 585

5 x 468

6 x 390

6 x 390

8 x 293

horizontal a =

2 x 605

2 x 605

2 x 605

2 x 605

3 x 403

3 x 403

vertical

b=

4 x 660

4 x 660

6 x 440

7 x 377

7 x 377

9 x 293

horizontal a =

2 x 605

2 x 605

2 x 605

2 x 605

3 x 403

3 x 403

vertical

b=

4 x 735

5 x 588

6 x 490

8 x 368

8 x 368

10 x 294

horizontal a =

2 x 730

2 x 730

3 x 487

2 x 730

3 x 487

3 x 487

vertical

4 x 735

6 x 490

5 x 588

9 x 327

9 x 327

12 x 245

b=

Standard Zones
Building Height
8 to 20 m
20 to 100 m

8m

(Perimeter Zones)
Building Height
8 to 20 m
20 to 100 m

Panel Dimensions
Height x Width x Thickness
mm

1,250 x 2,500 x 8
Structura and Natura

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Ta b l e 2 : C e n t r e S p a c i n g o n Ti m b e r S u b c o n s t r u c t i o n
Panel Arranged Horizontally on Vertical Battens

1,250 x 2,800 x 8

1,250 x 3,100 x 8
1,500 x 3,100 x 8
Structura only

Centre
Spacing
mm

Standard Zones
Building Height
8 to 20 m
20 to 100 m

8m

horizontal a =

4 x 615

4 x 615

4 x 615

4 x 615

4 x 615

5 x 492

vertical

b=

2 x 545

2 x 545

3 x 363

3 x 363

4 x 273

5 x 218

horizontal a =

4 x 690

4 x 690

4 x 690

4 x 690

4 x 690

5 x 552

vertical

b=

2 x 545

2 x 545

3 x 363

3 x 363

5 x 218

5 x 218

horizontal a =

4 x 765

4 x 765

5 x 612

4 x 765

5 x 612

6 x 510

vertical

b=

2 x 545

2 x 545

3 x 363

4 x 273

4 x 273

5 x 218

horizontal a =

4 x 765

4 x 765

5 x 612

4 x 765

5 x 612

6 x 510

vertical

2 x 670

3 x 447

3 x 447

4 x 335

5 x 268

6 x 223

b=

Minimum edge distances horizontal: 20 mm / vertical: 80 mm

Note: The perimeter zone does not apply if reduced wind suction
loads in accordance with e. g. DIN 18516-1 are assumed.

Maximum structural centre spacing: for 8 mm, a and b 800 mm


for 12 mm, a and b 1,020 mm

Laying

8m

(Perimeter Zones)+
Building Height
8 to 20 m
20 to 100 m

Ceilings
If fibre cement faade panels are to be fixed to
ceilings, the relevant mounting and fixing spe-

cifications must be agreed with Eternits technical department. The customer shall provide

Information on centre spacing for 12 mm fibre cement panels is


available on request.

36

for the approval of the ceiling structure by


means of a structural analysis.

Aluminium Subconstruction

Planning Information

General Notes
A variety of aluminium subconstructions are
available for mounting cladding on new and
refurbished faades. As a rule, their structural
stability is to be proven by structural analysis
on the basis of the applicable Technical
Building Regulations. In the case of systems
that cannot be calculated, such as clamp
fixing, general building regulations approval
for the construction is required.

Plugs with building regulations approval are to


be used for anchoring the wall brackets in the
supporting wall (plug-and-screw). The instructions for positioning fixed-point and sliding
holders and the stipulations of the applicable
approval are to be complied with.
1
The use of thermal breaks between the supporting wall and the brackets reduces the heat
bridge through the aluminium subconstruction. Thermal breaks are available from the
manufacturers of the subconstruction.

The components of exterior cladding on metal


subconstruction are, as a rule:
cladding

Certified fasteners (without vulcanised neoprene seals) are to be used for connecting wall
brackets and the supporting profile, in accordance with the manufacturers instruction.

fixings
support profile
fasteners
brackets

Internal Forces
The internal forces, in particular the maximum
bending moments and the bearing reactions
must be calculated for the proof of structural
stability of large-size Eternit faade panels and
their fixings.
Structurally, the resilience of aluminium subconstructions is to be taken into account. In
the case of wind pressure this is generally
taken up linearly by the subconstruction.
As regards wind suction, the panels lie on
rounded bearings, which are formed by the
heads of rivets or screws.

Several different aluminium subconstructions


that satisfy current requirements and have
produced good results in combination with
Eternit faade panels are listed on the follo-

anchors
complementary components
insulation, insulation fixings

Construction Principle

wing page in alphabetical order. In addition,


manufacturers own subconstructions are
available in a number of variants on a regional
basis.
2

Support profile
Cladding / faade panel
Ventilation gap

Fixing point subconstruction

Fastener (fixed point)


Insulation fixing
Substrate
Fixing

Fastener (sliding)
Anchor

Sliding point subconstruction


1 Dimensioning, page 25.
2 Subconstruction for Faade Panels, pages 31, 32, 38.

37

Laying

Bracket with thermal break

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Insulation

Planning Information

Aluminium Subconstruction

Positioning Panels on the Subconstruction

20

Fastener
Movement joint in the
subconstruction

At movement joints in the subconstruction, the


same movements must be possible in the
cladding. In order to avoid displacement constraint arising from the coupling of individual
panels by vertical aluminium support profiles,
no butt joints of these profiles may be lie between the fixing points of a panel.
If panels are coupled by aluminium support
profiles, this causes damage due to displacement constraint.

Laying

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Subconstruction

Joint
The support profiles of the subconstruction
must be aligned such that the faade panels
lie flat in the same plane and can be fixed
without displacement constraint.

At the same time, a panel may only be fixed to


support profiles that have fixed points lying at
the same height.
This means that profiles must be cut through
at window sills, for example, in order to avoid
profile butt joints beneath individual panels

The formation of outer corner profiles must


take into account the same coupling-free
movement joints as in the subconstruction.

Fixing point subconstruction


Sliding point subconstruction

Subconstruction for Faade Panels: Addresses of Manufacturers and Suppliers


BWM-Dbel + Montagetechnik GmbH
Ernst-Mey-Strasse 1
D-70771 Leinfelden/Echterdingen, Germany
Telephone +49 711 / 90 313-0
Fax +49 711 / 90 313-20
E-Mail: info@bwm.de
Internet: www.bwm.de

Montaflex GmbH
Am Hafen 36
D-38112 Braunschweig, Germany
Telephone +49 5 31 / 2 10 22-0
Fax +49 5 31 / 2 10 22-20
E-Mail: info@montaflex.de
Internet: www.montaflex.de

Systea DWS Pohl GmbH


Margarete-Steiff-Strasse 6
D-24558 Henstedt-Ulzburg, Germany
Telephone +49 41 93 / 99 11 0
Fax +49 41 93 / 99 11 49
E-Mail: systea@pohlnet.com
Internet: www.pohlnet.com

WS Fassadenelemente GmbH
Brackestrasse 1
D-38159 Vechelde, Germany
Telephone +49 53 02 / 91 91-0
Fax +49 53 02 / 91 91-49
E-Mail: info@wagnersystem.de
Internet: www.wagnersystem.de

38

NAUTH-Fassadentechnik GmbH
Weinstrasse 686
D-76887 Bad Bergzabern, Germany
Telephone +49 63 43 / 70 03-0
Fax +49 63 43 / 70 03-20
E-Mail: rapid@nauth.de
Internet: www.nauth.de

Planning Information

Mounting on Aluminium Subconstruction

Fixing with Rivet


An orderly appearance of the fixings is best
achieved by pre-drilling the panels with precision to the closest millimetre. When fixing with
rivets, all holes are to be pre-drilled at 9.5
mm.
When pre-drilling faade panels on-site in a
laid-flat position (not on the subconstruction),
we recommend using the Eternit Special drill
for fibre cement with a 9.5 mm bit.
1

Al support
Drill jig bushing

Faade panel

Drilled hole 4.1 mm

Drilled hole 4.1 mm

A step drill should only be used for drilling


holes that cannot be pre-drilled in fibre cement
panels.

Fixed point sleeve


AL profil
Faade panel (8 mm)
Eternit faade rivet 4 x 18-K15 mm
Rivet shank 4.0 mm

Rivet shank 4.0 mm

Drilled hole 9.5 mm

Drilled hole 9.5 mm


Rivet head 15 mm

Rivet head 15 mm

Fixed point with fixed point sleeve:


drilled hole in faade panel 9.5 mm
and subconstruction 4.1 mm

Sliding point:
drilled hole in faade panel 9.5 mm
and subconstruction 4.1 mm

Coloured Eternit faade rivet


(cup head rivet)

Building regulations-approved Eternit


faade rivet (aluminium pop rivet).
Failure to use this voids the warranty.
3
4 x 18 K-15 mm grip range 8-13 mm
for 8 mm thick panels,
4 x 25 K-15 mm grip range 12-18 mm
for 12 mm thick panels and visibly
fixed weatherboarding with

Pre-drilled Eternit faade panels are fixed on


an aluminium subconstruction with fixed and
sliding points.
Two fixed points are formed per faade panel
by means of fixed sleeves. These ensure that
each panel is attached to the aluminium subconstruction precisely and free of strain.
2

8 mm thick panels.
Stainless steel rivet pin,
Head 15 mm, coated.
With pre-drilled faade panels, the Eternit drill
jig bushing makes it easy to drill properly centred holes ( 4.1 mm) in the aluminium subconstruction. This is the only way to ensure
that the Eternit faade rivet sits centrally.

Aluminium

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

80
160

Faade
panel

30
160

Joint (10 mm)

Faade
rivet

110

30
160

10
Faade rivet

39

The use of black-coated aluminium support


profiles avoids unwanted reflections being
visible through the joints.
Information about fixings for subconstructions
of galvanised steel is available on request.

10

1 Eternit special drill for fibre cement, page 65


2 Fixing layouts, fixed point / sliding point, page 42
3 Eternit faade rivet, page 64

Edge fixings may not be located less than 80


mm from the edges parallel to the aluminium
support profiles and 30 mm perpendicular to
the support profiles.
Fixings should not be located more than 160
mm from panel edges.

Laying

Minimum Edge Distances of Fixings on Aluminium Subconstruction

Planning Information

Mounting on Aluminium Subconstruction

C h o o s i n g t h e Tw o F i x e d Po i n t s
The two fixed points are formed by means of
fixed point sleeves. This ensures that the panel
is attached to the aluminium subconstruction
precisely and free of strain.
The two fixed points of a panel may never be
set on the same support profile (with the
exception of weatherboarding on a horizontal
support profile). This results in the alignment of

the fixed points being perpendicular (at right


angles to) the run of the support profile.
The two fixed points must be set as centrally as
possible in the panel.
Each fixed point is (if possible) attached to the
second support profile in from the panel edge,
on both the right and the left.

Setting Eternit Faade Rivets

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Eternit faade rivets are set without a riveting


jig (irrespective of whether they are for sliding
points or the two fixed ones).
To form a fixed point, the Eternit faade rivet ist
set together with the fixed point sleeve in one
operation. Care should be taken to ensure that
the rivet head lies flat on the faade panel. The
nose piece and the chuck jaw (4.0 mm rivet
shank diameter) of the riveting tool are to be

chosen such that the rivet head is not damaged. Both of the fixed points and at least two
sliding points are necessary to guarantee exact
alignment of the faade panels at their joints.
Drilling and setting of rivets should be done in
sequence, beginning with fixed points, then
upper sliding points and lastly the lower sliding
points. All sliding points are formed without
fixed point sleeves.

Backed Vertical and Horizontal Joints


(Example with Aluminium Subconstruction)

Crimped
profile

If the joints are to be formed with backing, this


can be done using backing sections in coated
aluminium of the type shown. Their thickness
may not exceed 0.8 mm. At cross-joints, metal
backing sections may not be laid on top of
each other.

The joint profiles can be produced in black or


in colours to match the faade panels.
If horizontal joint profiles are used, a greater
amount of dirt is likely to accumulate in an
irregular way on the exterior wall.

Al support
profile

Laying

Avoiding Displacement Constraints


Construction details should be designed such
as to avoid displacement constraint, as shown

in the illustration below. If an additional thickness of more than 0.8 mm proves unavoid-

Fastener layouts, page 42

40

able, the required edge distance is to be measured from this point.

Planning Information

Mounting on Aluminium Subconstruction

80
160

Centre Spacing

AL-UK

30

Faade
panel

The following fixing tables contain non-binding


recommendations for maximum dimensions of
panel sizes in practice. Structural analysis, and
any construction planning based on it, must be
calculated with reference to the object itself in
all cases. The spacing of fixings is influenced
by the choise of subconstruction, supports and
anchoring. The edge distances may not be less

than those given here. In general, edge


distances should not be greater than 160 mm.
In certain situations, however, e. g. above roller-blind headboxes, edge distances of up to
200 mm are permissible. If the edge distances
are greater than 160 mm, differences in the
alignment of adjacent panels can occur. This
does not affect their structural stability.

Minimum Edge Distances on Aluminium Subconstruction

Fixing Narrow Fibre Cement Strips (8 mm thick)


Aluminium Subconstruction
Horizontal support profile

Narrowest strip format,


up to 3.10 m in length,
with one row of fixings

Widest strip format,


up to max. 3.10 m in length,
with one row of fixings

Narrowest strip format,


up to 3.10 m in length,
with two rows of fixings

Width 60 mm or more,
a = 30 mm

Width 160 mm or more,


a = 80 mm

Width 100 mm or more,


central fixing,
a = 50 mm

Width 160 mm or more,


central fixing,
a = 80 mm

Eccentric
fixing
30 mm a 70 mm

Eccentric
fixing,
80 mm a 160 mm

Width up to 300 mm,


central fixing,
a = 150 mm

Width up to 300 mm,


central fixing,
a = 150 mm

Eccentric
fixing
40 mm a 150 mm

Eccentric
fixing
80 mm a 150 mm

Width 140 mm or more,


centre spacing
b 80 mm

Width 240 mm or more,


centre spacing
b 80 mm

The number of fasteners per row depends on the length of the strip and the height of the building.

Laying

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Narrowest strip format,


up to 1.00 m in length,
with one row of fixings

Vertical support profile

41

Planning Information

Mounting on Aluminium Subconstruction

Fastener Layouts with Vertical Support Profiles

The position of the fixed points of adjacent panels must be the same, i. e. always central and on the left.
This ensures that not coupling can occur from one panel to another.

Example

Fixing point with fixed point sleeve

Parameters:
height of building H 8 m
aluminium subconstruction
horizontal layout of panels on vertical
support profiles
standard zone of the building
panel thickness 8 mm
panel format (H x W) 1,250 x 3,100 mm

Weatherbording

545
545
Breaks (interruptions) in the aluminium subconstruction in the horizontal direction must occur at intervals
of no less than 3,0 m if the panels are fixed as singlespan beams.

760

760

760

760

Fastener Layouts with Horizontal Support Profiles

Laying

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Sliding point

Fixing point with fixed point sleeve


Sliding point

All dimensions are in mm

Weatherboarding

42

From Table 4 (outlined):


a = 4 x 760 mm
= horizontal centre spacing
b = 2 x 545 mm
= vertical centre spacing

Planning Information

Mounting on Aluminium Subconstruction

Ta b l e 3 : C e n t r e S p a c i n g o n A l u m i n i u m S u b c o n s t r u c t i o n s
Vertical Panel Layouts on Vertical Support Profiles
Panel Dimensions
Height x Width x Thickness
mm

2,800 x 1,250 x 8

3,100 x ,250 x 8
3,100 x 1,500 x 8
Structura only

8m

horizontal a =

2 x 595

2 x 595

2 x 595

2 x 595*

2 x 595*

3 x 397

vertical

b=

3 x 780

3 x 780

3 x 780

3 x 780

5 x 468

4 x 585

horizontal a =

2 x 595

2 x 595

2 x 595

2 x 595*

2 x 595*

3 x 397

vertical

b=

4 x 660

4 x 660

4 x 660

4 x 660

6 x 440

5 x 528

horizontal a =

2 x 595

2 x 595

2 x 595*

2 x 595*

2 x 595*

3 x 397

vertical

b=

4 x 735

4 x 735

4 x 735

4 x 735

6 x 488

6 x 490

horizontal a =

2 x 720*

2 x 720*

3 x 480

2 x 720*

3 x 480

3 x 480

vertical

4 x 735

4 x 735

4 x 735

5 x 588

5 x 588

6 x 490

b=

Standard Zones
Building Height
8 to 20 m
20 to 100 m

8m

(Perimeter Zones)+
Building Height
8 to 20 m
20 to 100 m

Ta b l e 4 : C e n t r e S p a c i n g o n A l u m i n i u m S u b c o n s t r u c t i o n
Horizontal Panel Layouts on Vertical Support Profiles
Panel Dimensions
Height x Width x Thickness
mm

1,250 x 2,500 x 8
Structura and Natura

1,250 x 2,800 x 8

1,250 x 3,100 x 8
1,500 x 3,100 x 8
Structura only

Centre
Spaching
mm

Standard Zones
Building Height
8 to 20 m
20 to 100 m

8m

horizontal a =

4 x 610

4 x 610

4 x 610

4 x 610

4 x 610

5 x 488

vertical

8m

(Perimeter Zones)+
Building Height
8 to 20 m
20 to 100 m

b=

2 x 545

2 x 545

2 x 545

2 x 545

2 x 545

3 x 363

horizontal a =

4 x 685

4 x 685

4 x 685

4 x 685

4 x 685

5 x 548

vertical

b=

2 x 545

2 x 545

2 x 545

2 x 545

4 x 272

4 x 272

horizontal a =

4 x 760

4 x 760

5 x 608

4 x 760

5 x 608

6 x 507

vertical

b=

2 x 545

2 x 545

2 x 545

2 x 545

3 x 363

3 x 363

horizontal a =

4 x 760

4 x 760

5 x 608

4 x 760

5 x 608

6 x 507

vertical

2 x 670

2 x 670

2 x 670

3 x 446

3 x 446

3 x 446

b=

Maximum edge distances horizontal: 30 mm / vertical: 80 mm


Maximum structural centre spacing:
for 8 mm, a and b 800 mm / for 12 mm, a and b 1,020 mm

Note: The perimeter zone does not apply if reduced wind suction
loads in accordance with e. g. DIN 18516-1 are assumed.
* Twin fixed points for shear force.

Laying

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Structura and Natura

2,500 x 1,250 x 8

Centre
Spacing
mm

Ceilings
If fibre cement, faade panels are to be fixed
to ceilings, the relevant mounting and fixing

specifications must be agreed with Eternits


technical department. The customer shall pro-

Information on centre spacing for 12 mm


panels is available on request.

43

vide for the approval of the ceiling structure by


means of a structural analysis.

Installation of Fibre Cement Panels

The 10 Most Important Tips

WRONG

Panels stored on-site must be stacked free of moisture


fibre cement panels must be stored on a completely flat, dry surface.
The protective paper or plastic foil laid between panels protects the high-quality surface coating
and must be renewed if panels are re-stacked.
Prolonged contact with moisture between stored panels may lead to lime bloom and permanent
surface staining, thus permanently spoiling the appearance.

WRONG

Joint profiles must be at least 110 mm wide


Supporting profiles at joints should have a width of
110 - 120 mm.
Considering the tolerances necessary for installation, this
is the only way to be certain that all rivets are securely
fixed to the profile and that no air-rivets occur.

110
10

30

10

Faade
rivet
Fassadenniet

WRONG

A panel may only be fixed to supporting porfiles that are


anchored by fixed points at the same height. This means that,
as a rule, separate, parallel profiles must be used at windows
in order to avoid inadmissible tension between the subconstruction and cladding.

Fixing point
Sliding
point

WRONG

Displacement stress on cladding panels must be avoided


Construction details should be designed so
as to avoid displacement stress being caused
by building materials placed between the
subconstruction and cladding.

WRONG

Never fix aluminium components crossways to each other without sliding points
Aluminium has a high coefficient of thermal expansion. If elements such as perforated closures or
screening on a continuous window sill are fixed across others such as structural profiles at a 90
angle, the construction must be detailed so as to avoid hindering expansion and contraction caused by temperature changes. If this is not done, the entire subconstruction could warp, damaging
the cladding panels. Even fine-mesh closures that have been installed during warm weather can
have a tensile effect similar to that of steel cable if a considerable drop in temperature causes
them to contract.

Never fix cladding panels across an expansion joint between profiles


Cladding panels must be able to move in the
same ways as the subconstruction at expansion joints. This means that any one panel
should never be fixed to both of the profiles
that abut such a joint.

Subconstruction
Bewegungsfuge der
expansion
joint
Unterkonstrukton

10
Subconstruction
Unterkonstrukton

44

Fastener
Befestigungselement
20

WRONG

Laying

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Fixed points of the subconstruction must be at the same height under any one panel

Fuge
Joint

Installation of fibre cement Panels

The 10 Most Important Tips

Mount panels from the top downwards

WRONG

The method has the following advantages:

The panels are placed on a horizontally


aligned level.

Panels already mounted will not be soiled.

Scaffolding can be dismantled in parallel.

If panels are installed from the bottom upwards, the surface of panels will be damaged
when pulling out the spacers.

WRONG

Joint spacing must be precise and uniform


Joint spacing has a great influence on a
faades overall appearance. As a rule, the
width of all joints should be 8-10 mm.

8-10 mm

The exact pre-drilling of panels, accurate


measurements prior to installation and the use
of a joint gauge are crucial to achieving a
successful appearance.

WRONG

Cladding panels must be laid flat and holes


drilled with the Eternit special bit for fibre
cement ( 9.5 mm).

Supporting profile

Holes drilled in the subconstruction ( 4.1 mm)


for receiving faade rivets must be exactly
concentric with the pre-drilled panel holes
in order to achieve tension-free expansion
compensation.

Use of the Eternit setting jig guarantees


that the drill sits centrally, thus preventing
possible damage to the cladding material.

Laying

Cladding panel

Maintain minimum distances between fixings and panel edges

80

The corners are the areas where the greatest stress appears
in a cladding panel, resulting from riveting and the forces created
by expansion.

WRONG

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

WRONG

Drilling holes in fibre cement panels and concentric holes in the subconstruction

In order to avoid material fatigue or other permanent damage, the


minimum distances between fixings and edges (30 mm at right
angles to supporting profiles and 80 mm parallel to supporting
profiles) must be adhered to.

45

30

Planning Information

Standard Solutions

Notes
The following section presents standard solutions commonly used in practice. For special
applications Eternit Service provides qualified
assistance on request in the form of construction drawings from our own CAD library.

closures etc.) with a thickness up to 0.8 mm


may be used. Double-laying such profiles is
not permitted. Thicker sections may be used
only if additional reinforcement has been
applied to the panel in all areas with fasteners,
including the middle of the panel.

In the depictions of aluminium subconstructions, the supporting profiles are rendered in


simplified form as either an angle or T-section.
How it is attached to the wall varies depending
on the system of the subconstruction.

Exposed aluminium parts must be coated if


used for faades. Bare aluminium can discolour irregularly and lead to troublesome
stains on the cladding material.

With large-size faade panels that are directly


attached to the subconstruction by means of
fasteners such as rivets and faade screws,
only accessories (sealing strips, perforated

Ventilated rainscreen cladding must have openings for air inlet and outlet with cross-sections of at least 50 cm2 for each metre of wall.
These ventilation openings are closed with

mesh or perforated closures to prevent small


animals and birds from entering. The crosssection of the closures ventilation openings
should not be less than 40 % of its flange area.
In order to avoid stress on the cladding material, such closures should, as a rule, be
fastened to the exterior wall. If the construction dictates that ventilation closures can only
be attached to the supporting battens or rails,
they may not be more than 0.8 mm thick.
For any thickness greater than 0.8 mm, perforated closures must be mounted behind the
supporting rails. See figures below.

Plinth Details
1 Timber Subconstruction

2 Aluminium Subconstruction

> 80
160

2
If the cladding is further away from the exterior wall, combination of perforated angles is
advisable. Ventilation closures with flange
lengths of up to 160 mm are available.

3 Aluminium Subconstruction

4 Aluminium Subconstruction
3
Cladding of the plinth using Eternit faade
panels. Exterior cladding in gravel bed. First
open joint (10 mm) to be a max. of 600 mm
above perimeter insulation.

First open joint (10 mm) to be a max.


of 600 mm above perimeter insulation

Basic Details

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

1
Standard detail for a plinth with timber subconstruction. Fixing of the ventilation closure
to the exterior wall.

4
Closure at a protruding plinth with horizontal
flashing strip made of coated aluminium.
Sheet metal thicker than 0.8 mm is to be
mounted behind the supporting profiles of the
subconstruction.

CAD drawings of standard details at www.eternit.de

46

Planning Information

Standard Solutions

Window Sill Details


1 Timber Subconstruction

2 Aluminium Subconstruction

Note
To avoid disturbance by the sound of raindrops, it is advisable that large sheet-metal
surfaces such as windowsills and flashing be
installed with sound-deadening material
underneath.
The window drip must be at least 20 mm
beyond the building components below it. If
copper is used, this distance must be at least
50 mm. Depending on the height of the building, the apron must cover the faade panel
for:
up to 8 m
at least 50 mm,
8 to 20 m
at least 80 mm,
over 20 m
at least 100 mm.

1
Standard detail with angled window sill of coated aluminium bent up at the reveals. As a
rule, a gap of 10 mm between the cladding
and the window sill provides adequate ventilation of the faade. If this gap is larger, suitable
ventilation closures should be used. At points
exposed to wind-driven rain, additional spacing profiles can be installed for waterproofing.

2
As in the drawing at left but with profile for
waterproofing.

Header Details

3
Standard installation with strips of Structura or
Natura and ventilation closures.

4 Aluminium Subconstruction

4
Edging using perforated closures to permit air
inflow. The closures can extend to adjoin the
window frame. Depending on the location of
the window. It may be necessary to insert lintel strips made of the cladding material.

CAD drawings of standard details available at www.eternit.de

47

5 Aluminium Subconstruction

5
A lintel with integrated Venetian blinds and
cut-away profiles. The amount by which the
profiles can be cut away must be decided in
consultation with the subconstruction producer as part of the structural analysis.

Basic Details

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

3 Timber Subconstruction

Planning Information

Standard Solutions

Window Reveal Details


1 Timber Subconstruction

2 Aluminium Subconstruction

3 Aluminium Subconstruction

1
Reveal strips of Structura or Natura placed in
the U-shaped profile attached to the window
frame. Edge of faade cladding attached to the
corner batten, joint strip underlay.

2
Reveal strips of Structura or Natura placed in
the U-shaped profile attached to the window
frame. Use angle section at corner with faade. The faade panel extends to cover the
edge of the reveal strip.

3
Reveal is covered by a coated aluminium
system frame.

5 Timber Subconstruction

The drip must be at least 20 mm beyond the


building components below it. If copper used
this distance must be at least 50 mm.
Depending on the height of the building, the
apron must cover the faade panel for:
up to 8 m
at least 50 mm,
8 to 20 m
at least 80 mm,
over 20 m
at least 100 mm.

Coping and Eaves Details

Basic Details

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

4 Aluminium Subconstruction

50

4
Ventilation gap in the coping area to be open
or with perforated closures. Overlap of coping
edge trim and faade in accordance with
sheet metal workers trade guidelines, min. 50
mm.

5
If the roof construction extends beyond the
faade, the barge boards can be clad with fibre
cement strips. As a rule, the ventilation gap is
left open.

CAD drawings of standard details available at www.eternit.de

48

Planning Information

Standard Solutions

Outer Corner Details


1 Timber Subconstruction

2 Timber Subconstruction

1
Simple detail of an outer corner with vertical
structural batten. A joint strip made of EPDM or
black-coated aluminium foil must be inserted
between the panels and supporting battens to
prevent the timber from being continually
damp.
2
Standard trade profiles may be used at corners.

3 Aluminium Subconstruction

4 Aluminium Subconstruction

3
Typical corner detail using an aluminium subconstruction. An aluminium angle section is
used to strengthen the corner. The insulation
forms a vertical wind barrier.

4
Corner accentuated using coated aluminium
beaded profile. The plugs anchoring the
brackets must be fixed at a distance from the
edge of the supporting wall that conforms to
the plugs certificate of approval.

30
160
350

Inner Corner Details


6 Timber Subconstruction

7 Aluminium Subconstruction

Basic Details

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

5 Timber Subconstruction

5
Corner detail with open joint. Sealing strip between the panels and supporting battens to
prevent the timber from being continually
damp.

6
Interior corner with standard trade profile.

CAD drawings of standard details available at www.eternit.de

49

7
Simple interior corner detail with open, vertical
joint and aluminium subconstruction.

Tergo

Eternit Systems

E t e r n i t - Te r g o
pages 51-54

Renovation

Weatherboarding

Naxo

A proven and elegant system of secret-fixed


faades.

Fibre cement and stainless steel:


materials in combination for creatively
designed fixing.

Eternit-Naxo
pages 55

Weatherboard
pages 56-58
Weatherboard: strongly modelled faades.

Structural bonding
pages 59-61
Concealed fixing using structural adhesives.

50

D e s i g n S o l u t i o n E t e r n i t - Te r g o

Planning Information

The Tergo system offers the highest technical


and aesthetic for designing faades. No
fasteners are visible on the surface. The following aspects can be varied as desired:

free choice of layout grids up to full panel


format in size, without visible fixing points
Structura
3,100 x 1,500 mm
Natura
3,100 x 1,250 mm
open joints
wide variety of coated aluminium profiles
for attractive joint details.

The basis for specifying the size of individual


cut panels consists of:
the working drawings or
the measured survey of the building.
Secret fixing with Eternit undercut anchors as
part of the Eternit Tergo system is approved
under general building regulations permit No.
Z 21.9-1534.

1 Individually cut faade panels, pre-drilled


at the rear, 12 mm thick, with general
building regulations approval: Structura
(Z-31.1-34) or Natura (Z-31.1-34)
2 Eternit undercut anchors

3 Socket cap screw M6 x 12 DIN 912,


stainless steel
4 Washer 6.4 DIN 9021, stainless steel

Scope of Supply

1
4
2

3
Rear of panel

Tergo faade panels are mounted using undercut anchors, screws and washers. The panel
hanger or rail for mounting the panel belongs
to a particular subconstruction and is not
included in the scope of delivery.

Not included within scope of delivery.


Undercut Anchor
The Eternit Tergo design solution includes special Eternit undercut anchors. After the anchor
has been inserted into the pre-drilled undercut
hole (A + B), its sleeve is splayed into the desired position by insertion of the screw (C).

This creates an interlocking anchorage for the


faade panel. The anchor studs have square
collars, which enables them to be fixed securely to any subconstruction. Depending on the
type of fixing required, holes can be punched

in to parts of the subconstruction. The profile


to receive the collar, either square in shape for
fixed points or rectangular for sliding ones.

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

10.2

Fixed point
Festpunkt

20.0

Sliding point
Gleitpunkt
for panel rails

Structural Requirements
Each faade panel is to be fixed, by means of
at least four plugs arranged rectangularly with
individual hangers, to a suitable subconstruc-

tion in such a way that it is technically free of


displacement constraint. The number of separate hangers is to be limited to nine. If more

Subconstruction namufacturers (selection), p. 38


Case studies, p. 12 ff.

51

than nine fixing points are necessary, continuous panel rails, or hanger rails must be
specified.

Tergo

Basics / Approval

D e s i g n S o l u t i o n : E t e r n i t - Te r g o

Planning Information

Structural Design

Tergo

Faades consisting of Structura or Natura fibre


cement panels, Eternit undercut anchors and
subconstruction should be dimensioned by a
suitably qualified structural engineer.
In each individual case, the number of fasteners is to be calculated with regard to the panel
size, the subconstruction, the substrate and
the loading (dead load, wind load in accordance with e. g. DIN 1055-4 and in accordance
with e. g. DIN 185 16-1 respectively).
For structural calculations using finite element
analysis (FEA) programmes, element sizes of
0.75 d (d = panel thickness) are to be chosen for grid generation.
The analysis of bending stress in the faade
panels is to be carried out at a distance of 5 d
from the anchor stud axis, or the calculated
point of peak stress. For fibre cement, assume
that Poissons ratio v = 0.25.
The stiffness of the subconstruction profiles is
to be taken into account in the calculations.
The wall brackets belonging to the subconstruction should be assumed to be immovable
at the anchoring points in the substrate.

Nominal Values for Anchor Plugs and


Panels
The main parameters for dimensioning are
given in the table below.
Anchor Plug Characteristics

Eternit Undercut Anchor


Tergo
ae [mm]
ar [mm]

50
0.3

pm. lateral load per anchor

Fzul = [kN]
Qzul = [kN]

Chentre spacing of anchors

a [mm]

750

a x b [mm2]

10,2 x 10,2 (fixed point)

Corner distance 2)
Edge distance
pm. pull-out load per anchor 1)

Punched hole in the panel hanger


Punched hole in the panel hanger

a x b [mm ]

1) For anchor plugs subjected to an oblique tensile force,

Fpm = 0.4 1.5 1

50
0.4
0.8

10,2 x 14,2 (sliding point)

Q can be taken as the figure for the lateral load acting on the

the permissible pull-out load is calculated according to the


following formula:

100

anchors as a result of the dead load of the panels.

1.5

( )
Q
0.8

2) For corner distances of 50 mm ae 100 mm, the permissible pull-out load is to be calculated by interpolation. If
the corner distances in both directions are unequal, the small
figure is to be taken.

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Positioning of the Fixing Holes


The positioning of the fixing holes depends
upon:
the format of the panels
the type of subconstruction
the structural stability analysis of the faade
the edge distances for pre-drilled undercut
holes.
Recommended edge distances for planning
hole positions: 100 mm.
Edge distances horizontally (i.e. to vertical
edges) must lie between 50 mm min. and 100
mm max. and vertically (i.e. to horizontal
edges) between 70 mm min. and 100 mm max.
Edges distances in excess of 100 mm can have
a negative effect on the appearance, especially at cross-joints, because it can no longer be

The maximum centre spacings for Eternit undercut anchors are as follows:
Height of Building
8m

Standard Zone
750 mm

Edge Zone
620 mm

20 m

750 mm

500 mm

100 m

680 mm

420 mm

These centre spacings are non-binding. The actual spa-

For Tergo faades with open joints, increased wind suction

cing must be ascertained by structural analysis. A joint

loads do not need to be assumed in the edge zone of the

width of 10 mm is recommended.

building.

guaranteed that the panel edges will lie evenly in the same plane.

The fixing distances given in the table can


be used as a basis for the initial planning.

tured by KEIL, Im Auel 42, D-51766 Engelskirchen-Loope, Germany, Tel. +49 22 63 80 70,
Fax +49 22 63 80 73 33. The drill dust must
be removed completely from the hole.
The geometry of the additionally drilled holes

is to be checked with a gauge of 8/0.5. If a


hole is badly drilled, the distance between it
and any new hole must be at least twice the
depth of the badly drilled hole.

Additional Holes
The undercut holes in the rear of the panels
are pre-drilled at the factory.
Additional holes may be drilled in workshop
conditions on site using a mobile drill (KS-HV)
and a special bit (F HM 8/10 12/0.5) manufac-

52

D e s i g n S o l u t i o n : E t e r n i t - Te r g o

Planning Information

Panel hangers suitable for the system are fixed


to the rear of the panels with undercut
anchors. After this has been done, the panels
are hung on the horizontal supporting profiles
of the subconstruction, adjusted and secured
firmly and permanently against sideways slip-

page with screws and special angles. The


horizontal profiles should be interrupted
approximately every 4 m in order to avoid
unwanted differences in the width of joints
between the panels being caused by expansion of the aluminium.

The dead load is transferred via two adjustable


fixings in all cases.
The minimum thickness of the construction,
measured from the face of the faade panel
(12 mm thick) to the surface of the supporting
wall, is 100 mm.

Structura or
Natura, 12 mm
Panel
hanger

Eternit
undercut
anchor

Screw
M6 x 12 DIN 912
Washer 6,4
DIN 9012

Subconstruction with Panel Rails


Panel rails are fixed to the rear of the panel
without constraint, using Eternit undercut
anchors. After the panels have been aligned,
the resulting assembly is attached to the sup-

porting profiles of the subconstruction, accessed via the joints.


The dead load is transferred via two fixings in
all cases.

For subconstructions with panel rails, a lock


washer (6 DIN 7980-A2) must be inserted between the undercut anchor and the washer at
sliding points. The lock washers are included
in the scope of delivery by the subconstruction
suppliers.

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

00
n.1
mi

Faade
panel

Eternit
undercut
anchor

Lock
washer 6
DIN 7980

Screw
M6 x 12
DIN 912

ALMG SI 0.5 F25


Panel rail

Washer 6.4
DIN 9012

Suppliers of Subconstruction Systems


Panel hanger systems are supplied by the following German companies:
BWM, Leinfelden-Echterdingen, ATK 103
SYSTEA Fassaden- und Balkonsysteme,

Norderstedt, Typ UBE 25


NAUTH-Fassadentechnik GmbH, Gernsbach
Montaflex, Braunschweig, Clickpress 2300
WS Fassaden, Vechelde, AG4/Tergo

For addresses of subconstruction suppliers, see p. 38

53

Panel rails are supplied by:


SYSTEA, Typ UBEKA
BWM, ATK 103V
WS Fassaden, UP 24/Tergo

Tergo

Subconstruction with Panel Hangers

D e s i g n S o l u t i o n : E t e r n i t - Te r g o

Planning Information

Cut-to-Fit Panels for Adjusting


50 50 50

Tergo

50 50 50

Undercut
Hinterschnittlcher
holes

Deviations from the planned dimensions of the


structural shell can be allowed for by using
oversize panels cut to fit. If such deviations are
expected, cut-to-fit panels should be ordered
before beginning work. This helps to avoid
delays in construction work and extra costs.

Minimale Tafelbreite
minimum
panel width
desiredder
panel
width
Sollma
Tafelbreite

Each panel can cope with a vertical tolerance of 100 mm in the building. Cut-to-fit
panels should be ordered with a height 100
mm greater than the desired height. The edge
distance of the undercut holes from the top
edge of the panel normally measures 100 mm,
but can lie between 70 and 200 mm. Cut-to-fit
panels should be selected with an edge
distance of 200 mm at one of the two horizontal edges. When fitting at copings this is the
upper edge, when fitting at plinths it is the bottom edge. The height of a panel can be varied
by up to 130 mm simply by cutting the edge
concerned back by up to 130 mm.

minimum
panel
height
Minimale
Tafelhhe
desired
height
Sollmapanel
der Tafelhhe
ordered height
= maximum
panel height
Maximale
Tafelhhe
oanel height tolerance
Toleranzbereiche
Tafelhhe

130

70 130

Bestelltewidth
Breite==maximum
Maximale Tafelbreite
ordered
panel width
oanel width tolerance
Toleranzbereiche
Tafelbreite

Each panel can cope with a horizontal tolerance of 100 mm in the building structure.
Cut-to-fit panels should be ordered with a
width 100 mm greater than the desired width.
The distance of the undercut holes to the vertical panel edges normally measures 100 mm,
but can lie between 50 and 150 mm.
Cut-to-fit panels should be selected with an
edge distance of 150 mm on both sides.
Cutting the sides back by up to 100 mm each
allows the width of a panel to be varied by up
to 200 mm.

Notes on Installation
Fix panel rail to the rear of the panel using screws with washers and lock washers. A lock
washer 6 (in accordance with e. g. DIN 7980A2) must be inserted between the undercut
anchor and the washer at sliding points.

When using panels, lift them completely from


the stack do not slide them!
Please note: panels should be protected from
moisture and direct sunlight.

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

4
Insert the Eternit undercut anchor in the predrilled blind hole.

Fix panel hangers to the rear of the panel with


screws and washers (recommended tightening torque 2.5 - 4.0 Nm) or:

When mounting with panel hangers: align the


panels, then secure them firmly and permanently against sideways slippage or creep, as
specified in the instructions of the subconstruction manufacturer.
6

54

The panels are usually mounted from the bottom upwards.


Please note: once the panel hangers or panel
rails are attached to them, panels should be
stored in a vertical position with ample protection for the decorated face.

Design Solution: Eternit-Naxo

Mounting on a Timber Subconstruction

1
Eternit faade panels are fixed to a timber subconstruction with Naxo caps and stainless
steel screws. The Naxo element is held in
place like a washer by the screw head. The
Naxo element can be used with a flat countersunk screw or a round head screw.

Fixing distances are not shown to scale

Naxo conical element


34/13 mm
with special
pan-head screw
5.5/60 mm

100 mm

Eternit
faade panel
8 mm

100 mm

Horizontal
batten
24/48 mm

Vertical
supporting
batten
48/60 mm

Naxo sealing strip


70/0.8 mm

Vertical
batten
48/60 mm

Mounting on an Aluminium Subconstruction

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

At vertical joints, two battens should be provided for screwing the Naxo elements and one
batten for attaching the Naxo sealing strip.
The panels are pre-drilled for screwing at 6
mm.
2
Edge distances of 100 mm vertically and 100
mm horizontally bring out the best in the symmetrical, refined appearance of Naxo elements
on Eternit faade panels.

1
In this variant, the horizontal joints are left
open. Only the vertical joints are closed. This is
done with an L-shaped section, which can be
of aluminium or stainless steel, as preferred. If
stainless steel is used, the different coefficients of expansion must be allowed for by
making slots.

Vertical
joint profile

Naxo conical
element 34/13 mm,
with special rivet

Eternit
faade panel,
8 mm

1 Case study, pp 14-15


2 Mounting on a timber subconstruction, p. 31 ff.
3 Mounting on an aluminium subconstruction, p. 37 ff.

The vertical joint strips are continuous, whereas the horizontal ones are cut to the width of
the panels. They are fixed to the battens for
reasons of stability.

55

Vertical supporting
profile

The panels are pre-drilled for riveting at  9.5


mm.
3

Wall bracket

Fixing with special rivets


Riveting jig
Naxo element for Al subconstruction

Naxo

Planning Information

Planning Information

Weatherboarding

Design
For weatherboarding, panel strips made of
large-size faade panels are cut according to
individual specifications, either from Structura
or Natura fibre cement panels, or from
Duripanel Structura cement-bonded particle
boards (wood cement).

Eternit weatherboarding can be designed in a


multitude of ways, taking the following aspects into account:
panel layout
surface structure
format
fixing type
colour
joint formation
material
form

The formats of the weatherboarding panels


can be chosen freely depending on the type of
fixing.

Minimum Edge Distance of Fixing Holes

Weatherboarding

Structura / Natura

vertical
supporting
member

horizontal edge
distance

horizontal
supporting
member

Wood

20 mm

Aluminium

30 mm

Wood

80 mm

Aluminium

80 mm

not visible

50 mm from the top

horizontal edge distance

concealed
fixing

visible fixing

vertical edge
distance
visible

vertical edge
distance
(top)

vertical edge
distance
(bottom)

45 mm from the bottom


horizontal edge distance

Aluminium Subconstruction

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

The weatherboarding can be mounted on


standard aluminium subconstruction. The supporting members can be aligned vertically or
horizontally. To mount the weatherboarding
without displacement constraint, the pre-drilled fixing holes in the faade panels must be

10 30

enlarged to diameter 9.5 (Eternit special bit


for fibre cement 9.5 mm). The panels must
be fixed without displacement constraint with
two fixed points (fixed point sleeves) and the
rest sliding. In cases where the panels do not
lie directly on the substrate, a riveting jig must
It is not necessary to seal the vertical joints.
Backing them with a sealing strip improves
the appearance. When working with overlying
panels in a staggered arrangement, two rivets
have to be set in the middle of the upper part
of the panel. One rivet is used for fixing, the
other rivet is used as the point of support for
the panel lying over it.

be used. The butt joints of the horizontal supporting profiles may not lie between the fixing
points of a panel. The butt joints of the vertical
supporting profiles must be at the same
height.

Weatherboarding on vertical AL subconstruction

Offset panels with horizontal supporting


profiles
When mounting panels on horizontal supporting profiles, the fixing holes must be at least
80 mm from the vertical edge at panel butt
joints. The vertical joint can be sealed by
backing it with a sealing strip.

80

Fixing point with fixed point sleeve


Sliding point

Object examples pages 16-17

56

45

Weatherboarding on horizontal AL subconstruction

Planning Information

Weatherboarding

Fixing Variants and Distances Aluminium Subconstruction

60 50
45

40

45

60

45

Concealed fixing. Overlying panels.


Vertical supporting profile.

Visible fixing for 8 mm panel with Eternit


faade rivet 4 x 25 K-15 mm. Overlying
panels. Vertical supporting profile. (10 mm
fixed point sleeve required).

Visible fixing. Offset panels. Horizontal


supporting profile. (BWM; Dbel +
Montagetechnik GmbH, Horizontal supporting profil no. 437300).

Concealed fixing. Offset panels. Horizontal


supporting profile (WS Fassadenelemente
GmbH, WS weatherboard profile WTP 300).

Fixing Distances of Faade Cladding on Aluminium Subconstruction


Structura and Natura 8 mm on aluminium subconstruction.

nonvisible

visible

nonvisible

Fixing
variant
(see above)

Panel height
up to

Visible panel
height
up to

Edge distance
of fixing (vertical)

Vertical
overlap

mm

mm

mm

240

180

60

top
mm
50

bottom
mm

300

240

60

50

300

260

40

400

360

40

Max. horizontal fixing distance


in mm
Normal range of building height in m
0-8

8-20

20-100

800

750

660

800

720

590

45

800

800

690

45

800

790

670

600

560

40

45

690

550

450

C+

300

260

40

45

800

800

800

C+

400

360

40

45

800

800

800

C+

600

560

40

45

800

800

800

D+

240

180

60

50

800

800

800

D+

300

240

60

50

800

800

800

+ Applies only to continuous horizontal profiles

If there is a vertical wind barrier along the edge of the building, a border area does not have
to be taken into account. See reduced wind suction loads.

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Timber Subconstruction
The weatherboarding is generally fixed to vertical battens. Fixing on horizontal battens is
possible, but this involves increased material
costs and expenditure of time.

If external heat insulation is planned, this is fitted between the horizontal counter-battens. If
the weatherboarding is only used as a rainscreen, the battens can be fixed directy on to
the subconstruction.

The width of the supporting battens should be


at least 50 mm and beneath panel butt joints
it should be 100 mm.

T20 bits must be used for mounting. The screws must be set at a 90 angle to the panel
and tightened in such a way that the panels do
not noticeably warp.

The drill-hole is to be made 2 mm bigger than


the shank diameter. For Eternit faade screws,
the panels have to be pre-drilled with 6 mm
(Eternit special bit for fibre cement 6 mm).

Mounting:

Right

Wrong
57

Weatherboarding

10

Planning Information

Weatherboarding

Timber Subconstruction
Vertical joint formation, overlying panels

The width of the joint should be at least 8 mm.


The supporting battens below the panel butt
joint must be protected from wetness with a
continuous sealing strip. With offset panels,
the intermediate battens also have to be protected with black sealing strip. When laying

15

panels staggered in courses, two screws have


to be placed in the middle of the upper part of
the panel. One screw is required for fixing, the
second screw is used as a point of support for
the panel lying on top.

20 10

Weatherboarding

Fixing Variants and Distances Timber Subconstruction

50

60

50

60
40

45

10

10

Concealed fixing.
Overlying panels.

50

45

30

Visible fixing.
Overlying panels.

Concealed fixing.
Offset panels.

Visible fixing.
Offset panels.

Fixing Distances for Faade Cladding on a Timber Subconstruction


Structura and Natura 8 mm on timber subconstruction.

concealed
visible

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Fixing
variant
(see above)

Panel height
bis

Visible panel
height
up to

Edge distance
of fixing (vertical)

Vertical
overlap

mm

mm

mm

E;F

240

180

60

Top
mm
50

E;F

300

240

60

50

300

260

40

400

360

40

600

560

40

300

260

40

400

360

600

560

+ Applies only to continuous horizontal profiles


* Observe the fire protection stipulations of the local
building regulations.

Bottom
mm

Max. horizontal fixing distances


in mm
Normal range of building height in m
0-8

8-20

20-100*

800

730

640

800

570

410

45

800

800

680

45

800

780

670

45

600

490

420

45

800

800

800

40

45

800

800

800

40

45

800

680

540

If there is a vertical wind barrier along the edge of the building, a border area does not have
to be taken into account. See reduced wind suction loads.

58

Planning Information

Structral Bonding

Applications / Approval
The german general building regulations
approval Z-36.4-58 for fixing Eternit fibre
cement cladding panels to an aluminium subconstruction using the SikaTack panel adhesive system allows the following design options:
Free choise of formats up to max. 3,100

mm x 1,500 mm for Structura, max 3,100


x 1,250 mm for Natura.
Panels with a thickness of 8 mm can be
bonded.
The adhesive bond forms a structural
connection, so no additional fixings are
necessary.

The closed faade system (panel + adhesive + subconstruction), in its assembled


state, fulfils the requirement of fire resistance (building material class in accordance with e. g. DIN 4102-B1).

Adhesive connection:
adhesive bead to be set at
12 mm
adhesive bead to run for full panel length
permissible tensile strength 0.20 N/mm2
permissible shear strength 0.15 N/mm2
permissible shear deformation
1 mm

The deflection of any cladding panel may not


exceed 1/100 of the span of the fibre cement
panel between supports plus the cantilever, if
there is one.

In preparing the supporting profile and the


back of the panel, the following sequence of
steps and times must be complied with exactly, in order to ensure reliable fixing.
preparatory grinding,
cleaning (Sika-Cleaner),
airing (at least 10 minutes),
application of adhesive primer
(Sika-Primer) and
airing (at least 30 minuntes, at most 8 h)

apply the Sika adhesive in the form of a


defined, triangular-section bead (width > 8
mm, height > 10 mm, (exposure to air:
max. 10 minutes).
remove the protective film from the Sika
fixing tape.

Requirements
For the installation to quality as approved, it
must be carried out by certified fitters.
Approval has only been granted for panels to
be mounted on a vertical (plumb) aluminium
subconstruction designed for ventilated cladding.

Assembly

The faade panels are to be fixed to the aluminium subconstruction in the following manner:
apply the Sika fixing tape to the supporting
profile.

Do not press the panel on to the fixing tape


until the cladding panel has been positioned
exactly.
Any unwanted adhesive left on the aluminium
profile must be removed immediately using
Sika cleaning agent, as it can only be removed
mechanically if left until later.

Laying

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Site work may only be carried out when the


following climatic conditions are given:
assembly temperature +5C to +35C
(also applies for five hours after assembly).
relative humidity 75 %.
material temperature 3C above temperature of dew point.
assembly environment protected against
weather and dust.

Supplier
For detailed assembly instructions, information
on the certification, and to order the SikaTack
Panel system, contact the exclusive Sika dealer:

Walter Hallschmid GmbH & Co. KG


Wiesenstrasse 1
D-94424 Arnstorf, Germany
Telephone +49 87 23 / 96 121
Fax +49 87 23 / 96 127
E-Mail: info@dichten-und-kleben.de

59

Planning Information

Structural Bonding

F i x i n g Ta b l e
Thickness 8 mm

Building height (edge zone)+

Building height (standard zone)

in mm
3,100

Supporting
spacing
horizontally
in mm
a=

8m
4 x 760

8 to 20 m
4 x 760

20 to 100* m
5 x 608

8m
5 x 608

8 to 20 m
5 x 608

20 to 100* m
6 x 507

3,000

a=

4 x 735

4 x 735

4 x 735

4 x 735

5 x 588

6 x 490

2,800

a=

4 x 685

4 x 685

4 x 685

4 x 685

5 x 548

6 x 457

2,500

a=

3 x 813

3 x 813

4 x 610

4 x 610

4 x 610

5 x 488

2,000

a=

3 x 647

3 x 647

3 x 647

3 x 647

4 x 485

4 x 485

1,500

a=

2 x 720

2 x 720

3 x 480

3 x 480

3 x 480

3 x 480

1,250

a=

2 x 595

2 x 595

2 x 595

2 x 595

3 x 397

3 x 397

1,220

a=

2 x 580

2 x 580

2 x 580

2 x 580

3 x 387

3 x 387

Panel width

Fixing Specifications

Adhesive primer
Assembly tape

Laying

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Aluminium supporting
profile

Adhesive

Assembly tape
Adhesive
(thickness 3 mm)

Aluminium supporting
member

Adhesive primer

Eternit fibre cement


faade panel
(12 mm or 8 mm)

a
+

Note: Reduced wind suction loads in accordance with e. g. DIN 18516-1.


* Observe the maximum building height for the cladding system (German
building material class in accordance with e. g. DIN 4102-B1) in accordan
ce with the local building

60

Product Range

Structura

Large-Size Faade Panels


Fibre cement cladding panels (EN 12467) with a granular surface. Several layers of pure
acrylate coating containing Fillite granules, Topcoat heat-laminated surface seal for high-quality architectural faades. Impact-resistant, shock-proof and non-combustible, in accordance
with e. g. DIN 4102 A2 (A2-s1,d0 EN 13501-1)
German Building regulations approval No. Z-31.1-34 for thicknesses 8 and 12 mm
Thicknesses: 8 mm, 12 mm
The panels must be protected from moisture when stacked in storage
All cladding panels are made in Germany
Calculating Panels with Standard Edges
Manufacturing dimensions, e.g.:
3,130 mm x 1,280 mm
2,830 mm x 1,280 mm
2,530 mm x 1,280 mm
2,030 mm x 1,280 mm
3,130 mm x 1,530 mm

Before use, panels with stamped edges must

Dimensions for calculation and use:


3,100 mm x 1,250 mm = 3.88 m2
2,800 mm x 1,250 mm = 3.50 m2
2,500 mm x 1,250 mm = 3.13 m2
2,000 mm x 1,250 mm = 2.50 m2
3,100 mm x 1,500 mm = 4.65 m2

be trimmed approx. 15 cm on all sides.


Trimming and cut-to-size panels upon request
and for a surcharge.

Colours
15 standard colours and special colours of the clients own choice if technically feasible.

Approx.
thickness mm
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
12
12
12

Delivery size
Dimensions in mm
3,130 x 1,280
2,830 x 1,280
2,530 x 1,280
2,030 x 1,280
3,130 x 1,530
3,130 x 1,280
2,830 x 1,280
2,530 x 1,280
2,030 x 1,280
3,130 x 1,530

Number per
palett
30
30
30
30
30
20
20
20
20
20

Approx. weight
kg pro m2
15.4
15.4
15.4
15.4
15.4
22.8
22.8
22.8
22.8
22.8

Weight per
panel in kg
62
56
50
40
74
91
83
73
59
109

Approx. weight
per palett in kg
1927
1738
1555
1251
2315
1903
1716
1535
1235
2287

Net useable area


per palett m2
116
105
93
75
139
77
70
62
50
93

Approx. weight
kg per m2
22.8

Weight per
panel in kg
106

Approx. weight
per palett in kg
2121

Net useable area


per palett m2
93

12 mm cut for TERGO concealed fixing


Cut-to-size panels of any dimensions.
Approx.
thickness mm
12

Delivery size
Dimensions in mm
3,100 x 1,500

Number per
palett
20

Product Range

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

8 mm and 12 mm Large Format with Stamped Edge

Colour range, p. 71

61

Product Range

Natura

Large-Size Faade Panels


Air curend throughcoloured fibre cement faade panels acc. to EN 12467 with acrylate coating, coloured varnish, hot-film application. Impact-resistant, shock-proof and non-combustible, in accordance with e. g. DIN 4102 A2 (A2-s1,d0 EN 13501-1)
German Building regulations approval No. Z-31.1-34
Thicknesses: 8 mm, 12 mm
Colours: 2 colours with transparent surface coated on throughcoloured fibre cement faade
panels (anthracite, natural grey, ivory-colour). 9 colours with colour red vanish coated on
throughcoloured natural grey fibre cement sheets. 30 colours with coloured vanish coated on
throughcoloured anthracite fibre cement sheets
Irregularities, differences in shade and traces of the manufacturing process are to be
expected
The panels must be protected from moisture when stacked in storage
All cladding panels are made in Germany
Calculating Panels with Stamped Edges
Manufacturing dimensions, e.g.:
3,130 mm x 1,280 mm
2,830 mm x 1,280 mm
2,530 mm x 1,280 mm

Before use, panels with stamped edges must

Dimensions for calculation and use:


3,100 mm x 1,250 mm = 3.88 m2
2,800 mm x 1,250 mm = 3.50 m2
2,500 mm x 1,250 mm = 3.13 m2

be trimmed approx. 15 cm on all sides and


impregnated with Luko edge sealant at + 5 C
to + 25C. Trimming and cut-to-size panels
with edge impregnation available upon
request and for a surcharge.

Colours
41 standard colours.
8 mm and 12 mm Large Size with Stamped Edge

Approx.
thickness mm
8
8
8
12
12
12

Delivery size
Dimensions in mm
3,130 x 1,280
2,830 x 1,280
2,530 x 1,280
3,130 x 1,280
2,830 x 1,280
2,530 x 1,280

Number per
palett
30
30
30
20
20
20

Approx. weight
kg per m2
15.4
15.4
15.4
22.8
22.8
22.8

Weight per
panel kg
62
56
50
91
83
74

Approx. weight
per palett in kg
1927
1738
1555
1903
1716
1535

Net usable area


per palett m2
116
105
93
77
70
62

Weight per
panel kg
83

Approx. weight
per palett in kg
2196

Net usable area


per palett m2
73

12 mm Cut for TERGO Concealed Fixing


Cut-to-size panels of any dimemsions with edge impregnation.
Approx.
thickness mm
12

Delivery size
Dimensions in mm
max. 3,100 x 1,250

Number per
palett
20

Approx. weight
kg per m2
22.8

Product Range

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Afte trimming, the edges must be impregnated on site. Luko edge sealant is included in delivery.

Colour range, p. 72

62

Product Range

Natura Ivory-Colour

Large-Size Faade Panels


Air curend throughcoloured fibre cement faade panels acc. to EN 12467 with acrylate coating, hot-film application. Impact-resistant, shock-proof and non-combustible, in accordance
with e. g. DIN 4102 A2 (A2-s1,d0 EN 13501-1)
German Building regulations approval No. Z-31.1-34
Thicknesses: 8 mm, 12 mm
Irregularities, differences in shade and traces of the manufacturing process are to be
expected
The panels must be protected from moisture when stacked in storage
Ivory
Calculating Panels with Stamped Edges
Manufactoring dimensions e.g.:
3,070 mm x 1,250 mm
2,530 mm x 1,250 mm

Dimensions for calculation and use:


3,040 mm x 1,220 mm = 3.70 m2
2,500 mm x 1,220 mm = 3.05 m2

Before use, panels with stamped edges must


be trimmed approx. 15 cm on all sides and
impregnated with Luko edge sealant at + 5C
to + 25C.

After trimming, the edges must be impragnated on site. Luko edge sealant is included in delivery.
Eternit Natura ivory-colour fibre cement faade panels must be on aluminium subconstruction with a maximum dimension of 2,500 x 1,220 mm if
the profile parallel to the longitudinal side.
Approx.
thickness mm
8
8
12
12

Delivery size
Dimensions in mm
3,070 x 1,250
2,530 x 1,250
3,070 x 1,250
2,530 x 1,250

Number per
palett
30
40
20
25

Approx. weight
kg per m2
15.0
15.0
24.0
24.0

Weight per
panel in kg
57.5
48.5
92.0
76.0

Approx. weight
per pallet in kg
1820
2020
1920
1980

Net usable area


per palett m2
111.25
122.00
74.15
76.25

Approx. weight
kg per m2
24.0

Weight per
panel in kg
89

Approx. weight
per pallet in kg
1843

Net useable area


per pallet m2
74.15

12 mm Cut for TERGO Secred Fixing


Cut-to-size panels of any dimension with edge impregnation.
Approx.
thickness mm
12

Delivery size
Dimensions in mm
3,040 x 1,220

Number per
palett
24

Product Range

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

8 mm and 12 mm Large Size with Stamped edge

Color range, p 72

63

Product Range

Faade Panel Accessories

Coloured Fasteners
Only Eternit fasteners with building regulations approval may be utilised.
Form

Description

Dimensions (mm)

Material

Packaging

Eternit faade rivet (Al-subconstruction) with stainless steel pin,


head 15 mm, faade colour, for
8 mm panel thickness

4 x 18
K 15 mm

Aluminium/
Stainless
steel

Carton
250 pieces

Eternit fixed point sleeve 06


for forming fixed points in panels
of 8 mm thickness

9.4 mm for
faade rivet
4 x 18 - K 15 mm

Aluminium

Carton
200 pieces

Eternit faade rivet (Al-subconstrution) with stainless steel pin,


head 15 mm, faade colour, for
12 mm panel thickness

4 x 25
K 15 mm

Aluminium/
Stainless
steel

Carton
250 pieces

Eternit fixed point sleeve 10


for forming fixed points in panels
of 12 mm thickness

9.4 mm fr
faade rivet
4 x 25 - K 15 mm

Aluminium

Carton
200 pieces

Fasteners for (non-aluminium) metal subconstructions (5 x 16/20 - K 15) are available


on request.

Fastener for Eternit Naxo.


Conical with special
pan-head screw 55/60
(1.4404) or special rivet.
Other shapes can be
produced, up to a height
of 24 mm.

5.5 x 35 mm
for 8 mm
panel thickness

Stainless
steel

Carton 250
pieces with
matching bit

5.5 x 45 mm
for 12 mm
panel thickness

Stainless
steel

Carton 250
pieces with
matching bit

34/13 mm,
height 24 mm.

Milled, solid
stainless
steel

Paints
Touch-up paint for small-scale
work on Structura and Natura.
Not suitable for coating
large areas.

Product Range

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Eternit faade screw,


rustproof, T 20 hex socket cap,
head 11 mm

64

Can with net


contents
0.5 kg or
20 g.

Product Range

Fade Panel Accessories

Edge Impregnation for Natura after Cutting to Size


Pro applicator with three special microfibre sponges and
tray

Luko edge sealant for impregnating the exposed material at cut


edges, with the necessary equipment. (Please refer to the information sheet!)

20 Microfibre sponges

Pro applicator with 0.5 L canister of Luko

0.5 l in a can for panels cut on-site. Shake container well


before use, until the sediment has dissolved completely.
Usable for 6 months after date of filling. Wait until foam
has subsided.

After cutting on-site, apply Luko


sealant to the cut edges of the
panels at temperatures between +
5 to + 25 C. Coverage: approx.
100 g per 100 metres of cut edge
for 8 mm thick panels.

Joint Sealing Strips


Form

Description

Dimensions

Material

Packaging

for any
timber subconstruction

Sealing strip, black

Width 110 mm

Aluminium

25 m roll

Sealing strip, black

Width 70 mm

Aluminium

25 m roll

only for
laying where not covered by panels

Sealing strip, black

Width 110 mm

EPDM

20 m roll

Sealing strip, black

Width 70 mm

EPDM

20 m roll

for the Eternit Naxo


design system

Sealing strip

Width 70 mm

Stainless steel, 20 m roll


milled finish

Description

Dimensions

Drill Bits and Accessories


Form

Packaging

Special bit for


9.5 mm
drilling fibre cement
(on Al subconstruction)
Quality: VHM

1 piece

Special bit for


6.0 mm
drilling fibre cement
(on timber subconstruction)
Quality: VHM

1 piece

Eternit drill jig inc.


1 bit 4.1 mm,
1 pin spanner

1 piece

For drilling concentric holes in aluminium


subconstructions when using pre-drilled
panels
4.1 mm

For faade rivets 5 x 16/20 - K 15 of stainless steel


Eternit drill jig inc.
5.1 mm
1 bit 5.1 mm,
1 pin spanner

65

1 piece

Product Range

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

For pre-drilling faade panels


cleanly and accurately

Order sheet 2006

Telephone-Nr.:

Telephone-Nr.:

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Country:

Eternit Aktiengesellschaft Sales Export Knesebeckstrae 59-61 D-10719 Berlin (Germany) www.eternit.de E-Mail: export@eternit.de
Service: +49 (0) 39 34 85-202 Fax +49 (0) 30 35 85-292

66

Order sheet: through going drills and drills for secret fixing

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Order sheet: cutted segments

Eternit Aktiengesellschaft Sales Export Knesebeckstrae 59-61 D-10719 Berlin (Germany) www.eternit.de E-Mail: export@eternit.de
Service: +49 (0) 39 34 85-202 Fax +49 (0) 30 35 85-292

67

Construction Principle

Faades with Fibre Cement

The Construction Principle of Ventilated Rainscreen Cladding


The Structura and Natura faade is constructed as ventilated rainscreen cladding, which
opens up a wide range of possibilities for designing faades. Be it through colour, form, format, joints or fixings, Structura and Natura
panels enable every faade to be given an

identity of its own. In addition, ventilated rainscreen cladding is a highly effective system
owing to the fact that thermal insulation and
weatherproofing are performed by different
parts of the system. This is achieved by the
technical separation of the cladding panels

from the supporting structure and the thermal


insulation. As an economic, environmentally
friendly, durable and comfortable solution,
ventilated cladding systems are gaining in
importance, both for new buildings and for
refurbishment projects.

Ventilated cladding is especially long-lived


and requires very little care and maintenance.
The complete separation of the rainscreen
from the insulation and supporting structure projects the building from weathering.
The ventilation cavity prevents the buildup of heat and damage from moisture.
Loadbearing exterior walls and, above all,
the insulation are kept dry and fully functional, even with open horizontal joints.
The insulation maximises the heat storage
capacity of the building fabric.
The system as a whole is open to the diffusion of moisture.
Insulation of any thickness can be used
without problems.
The system as a whole is resistant to weathering and ageing. Using faade cladding

protects the building and increases its


lifespan.
Heat loss and cooling of the structure are
hindered in winter, as is overheating in
summer.
A comfortable climate is created within
the building.
The building is shielded from strong variations in temperature.
A ventilated cladding system provides
superb soundproofing.
Dimensional variations in the building
fabric do not present a problem, since a
ventilated cladding system can absorb
tolerances without compromising its
appearance.
Damage can be repaired cheaply and
easily, without leaving lasting traces.
Installation is not dependent on weather
conditions.

Advantages

Supporting
wall

Fixing battens

Insulation

Ventilation

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Fibre cement
panel

The value of ventilated faades clad in fibre


cement panels has long been recognised in
the building industry. They offer a high degree
of technical and functional security. The way
they are constructed allows insulation of any
thickness to be used, which is why they are
sometimes referred to as energy-saving faades. The construction as a whole is open to
moisture diffusion. Its four components are
connected in such a way that the rainscreen
and the insulation are kept completely separate from one another.
Materials for cladding ventilated faades
are available in many forms, such as fully
stained or colour coated fibre cement
panels, and provide excellent weatherproofing.
The ventilation cavity (which must be at
least 20 mm) between the insulation and
the cladding allows air to flow upward, removing moisture and regulating the

amount of condensation taken up by the


building fabric.
Ventilation openings in the faade, with
cross-sections of at least 50 cm2 per
metre of wall guarantee the continued
smooth functioning of the cladding
system.
Insulation applied directly to the external
wall provides thermal insulation and
soundproofing mineral wool insulation
has the additional advantage of providing
fire protection.
The subconstruction, of metal or timber, is
the structural connection between the
cladding and anchors in the supporting
wall.
The systems ability to cope with structural
tolerances and the fact that it can be installed
in any weather are great advantages, especially when renovating existing buildings.
A long-term study of damage to buildings car-

68

ried out on behalf of the German Ministry of


Construction has found that ventilated cladding systems have the least susceptibility to
damage of any faade system.
Single-skin wall structures, for instance, suffer
a significantly greater incidence of damage
than do double-skin structures with a cavity. It
is also becomming increasingly important that
individual components can be completely
recycled. In the case of ventilated cladding
systems, every constituent of the aluminium or
timber subconstruction, the thermal insulation
and the cladding panels can be dismantled
and processed separately for recycling.

Service

Faades with Fibre Cement

Moisture Protection, the Open Joint in Ventilated Rainscreen Cladding


The design of ventilated rainscreen cladding
provides for an open joint where panels abut,
in order to guarantee air circulation in the
cavity behind the faade.
A joint width of 10 mm between large-size
panels creates an optimum aesthetic appearance of the faade, ensures perfect technical
performance and facilitates construction.

Joints may not be constructed with a width of


8 mm or less. Open joints should not been
constructed with a width of greater than 12
mm.
If the horizontal joints are formed as open
joints, this considerably reduces the likelihood
of dirt spoiling the appearance of the faade.
These also function as additional ventilation

openings, thus helping to ensure the smooth


performance of the cladding system.
Detailed research by recognised testing agencies and practical experience have shown that
open joints (8-10 mm) are sufficient for the
faade to function as an open system (rainscreen).

E t e r n i t Yo u r Pa r t n e r f o r Fa a d e s
Just
give us
a callund
our
teamBeratungsseris ready and
Ein Anruf
gengt
unser
waiting
to help,
just
as things
with a
vice ist fr
Sie da.
Ganz
wie es should
sich frbe
gute
good buisiness partner. Take advantage of our
Partner versteht. Nutzen Sie unseren komcompetent, quick and reliable advisory service.
petenten, schnellen und zuverlssigen
Objektservice.

Design help, for example, using our CAD


Project Service:

Addresses of qualified faade installation


firms, so that the requirements of precision
and correct fabrication can be met.

details.

Assistance with costing and value mange We offer a wide range of design aids on the

ment.

subject of colour, such as colour charts and


CAD design. Additionally, we would be pleased
to put you in contact with reputable colour
designers.

Assistance with technical and visual aspects


of the design, including CAD input.

Assistance with on-site coordination.


Documentation with product information and
Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

applications, including suggested solutions.

How to contact us:

Service line: +49 30 34 85 202


Service fax: +40 30 3 85 292
Our Project Service is already to answer your
calls between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m.
Fax form: p. 72

E-mail: export@eternit.de
Internet: http://www.eternit.de

Product Quality
Cladding Panels installed on Faades that are
extremely exposed to the elements, e.g. in
maritime climates, may be prone to verdigris.
We cannot guarantee that our products will be

completely proof against vandalism or other


extraordinary acts and influences. Individual
products are guaranteed to function faultlessly
only to the extent that they have been handled

69

in a workmanlike manner and in accordance


with current instructions on the same issued
by Eternit AG Germany.

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Case Study

Eternit Natura

70

Colour Range

Faades with Fibre Cement

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

Colours for Structura

Red P 305

Yellow P 602

Blue P 404

Grey P 206

Blue P 405

Red P 304

Yellow P 601

Blue P 403

Grey P 205

Grey P 207

Orange P 701

Beige P 803

Green P 504

White P 102

Black P 001

The colours shown here may deviate slightly from the original ones.

71

Colour Range

Faades with Fibre Cement

Colours for Natura

anthracite N 251

transparent varnish
on a throughcoloured basic board

ivory N 854

natural grey N 250

coloured varnish
on an anthracite
throughcoloured
basic board

grey N 271

grey N 272

grey N 273

grey N 281

grey N 282

grey N 283

blue N 471

blue N 472

blue N 473

green N 581

green N 582

green N 583

green N 571

green N 572

green N 573

yellow N 671

yellow N 672

yellow N 673

yellow N 681

yellow N 682

yellow N 683

red N 371

red N 372

red N 373

brown N 971

brown N 972

brown N 973

black N 071

black N 072

black N 073

grey N 291

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

grey N 292

coloured varnish
on a natural grey
throughcoloured
basic board

grey N 293

blue N 491

beige N 891

beige N 892

green N 591

green N 592

white N 191

72

The appearance of the fibre cement board


Natura is embossed to a large extent by natural raw materials. Slightly irregularities, different colouring and traces of the production
process are characteristically of these coloured and transparency boards with their selfcontainted material identity. The colours are
not a full appearance of the samples and complete boards.

Fax Info

Faades with Fibre Cement

Fax Line +49 30 34 85 292

Sender:
Please copy this form and fax it to:

Company

Service Fax: +49 30 34 85 292


Department

or send it in an envelope to the following address:


Eternit Aktiengesellschaft

First name

Surname

Street

House number

Export
Knesebeckstrasse 59-61
D-10719 Berlin
Germany

Postcode

Town/City

Telephone

Fax

Country

Service Line Faade +49 30 34 85 202

E-Mail

I am planning the following project:


Building type
Location
New building

Renovation

approx. m2 faade surface


approx. m2 balcony cladding

Planning & Installation 2007 Eternit Faades with Fibre Cement

approx. start of construction

and I require:

I am also interessted in:


Eternit Building boards
Eternit Roofing material

73

Extension

Roof and faade slates


Corrugated sheets
Roof membranes and roof
insulation systems

ET 2034-1,5-10.2006 ABC. Subject to technical changes. We accept no liability for printing errors and colour irregularities resulting from the printing process.

R O O F I N G

Large-size faade panels


Faade systems
Weatherboards
Balcony panels

C L A D D I N G

Rendering Boards
Interior insulation panels and
reconstruction panels
Tilebacker Boards

I N T E R I O R S

Eternit Aktiengesellschaft Sales export Knesebeckstrasse 59-61 D-10719 Berlin, Germany www.eternit.de exporteternit.de

an

GROUP

company