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Simulation of Assem2

Date: 29 2014 .
Designer: ALIKHAN SHAMBUL
Study name: 190N
Analysis type: Static

Table of Contents
Description ............................................ 1
Assumptions .......................................... 2
Model Information ................................... 2
Study Properties ..................................... 4
Units ................................................... 4
Material Properties .................................. 5

Description
This report represents the final project for Computer Aided
Engineering class. The main aim of the project was to design
the regular door hinge that will be able to hold the door.
The parameters material selection dimensions and sizing of
parts were based on conducted research and general
standards used worldwide.

Loads and Fixtures................................... 6


Connector Definitions ............................... 7
Contact Information ................................. 7
Mesh Information .................................... 8
Sensor Details ...................................... 10
Resultant Forces ................................... 10
Beams ................................................ 10
Study Results ....................................... 11
Conclusion .......................................... 16

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Simulation of Assem2

ALIKHAN SHAMBUL
29.11.2014

Assumptions
The very first assumption that was made at the beginning of the project was that the door is being held by
only one hinge that is located at the upper part of the door. Because of that the technique of remote load
that is located at the center of gravity of the door is applied. Furthermore, due to issues regarding
simulation of the assembly that consisted of three parts at the beginning (2 plates and 1 hinge) the hinge
was removed and replaced by fixed geometry between two plates which were placed perpendicularly. Also,
while estimating the approximate applied load (i.e. mass of the door) the material of the door was assumed
to be uniform and weights of minor parts including door handle, locks etc. were neglected. As for the
meshing, standard settings were used however the final mesh parameters were found by iterating the sizes
of elements until the results converged. In addition, the mesh control was applied to the weakest points to
get more accurate results

Model Information

Model name: Assem2


Current Configuration:

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Simulation of Assem2

ALIKHAN SHAMBUL
29.11.2014

Solid Bodies
Document Name and
Reference
Cut-Extrude3

Treated As

Solid Body

Volumetric Properties

Document Path/Date
Modified

Mass:0.256583 kg
Volume:3.20729e-005 m^3
Density:8000 kg/m^3
Weight:2.51451 N

C:\moodle\3.0\3.0\BASE
MODEL_1.SLDPRT
Nov 26 21:34:20 2014

Mass:0.266264 kg
Volume:3.32829e-005 m^3
Density:8000 kg/m^3
Weight:2.60938 N

C:\moodle\3.0\3.0\BASE
MODEL_2.SLDPRT
Nov 26 21:34:22 2014

Cut-Extrude2

Solid Body

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Simulation of Assem2

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29.11.2014

Study Properties
Study name

190N

Analysis type

Static

Mesh type

Solid Mesh

Thermal Effect:

On

Thermal option

Include temperature loads

Zero strain temperature

298 Kelvin

Include fluid pressure effects from SolidWorks


Flow Simulation
Solver type

Off

Inplane Effect:

Off

Soft Spring:

Off

Inertial Relief:

Off

Incompatible bonding options

Automatic

Large displacement

On

Compute free body forces

On

Friction

Off

Use Adaptive Method:

Off

Result folder

SolidWorks document (C:\moodle\3.0\3.0)

FFEPlus

Units
Unit system:

SI (MKS)

Length/Displacement

mm

Temperature

Kelvin

Angular velocity

Rad/sec

Pressure/Stress

N/mm^2 (MPa)

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29.11.2014

Material Properties
Model Reference

Properties
Name:
Model type:
Default failure
criterion:
Yield strength:
Tensile strength:
Elastic modulus:
Poisson's ratio:
Mass density:
Thermal expansion
coefficient:

AISI 316 Stainless Steel


Sheet (SS)
Linear Elastic Isotropic
Max von Mises Stress

Components
SolidBody 1(CutExtrude3)(BASE MODEL_1-1),
SolidBody 1(CutExtrude2)(BASE MODEL_2-1)

172.369 N/mm^2
580 N/mm^2
193000 N/mm^2
0.27
8000 g/cm^3
1.6e-005 /Kelvin

Curve Data:N/A

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Loads and Fixtures


Fixture name

Fixture Image

Fixture Details
Entities:
Reference:
Type:
Translation:
Units:

Fixed-3

4 face(s), 1 plane(s)

Use reference geometry


0, 0, 0
mm

Resultant Forces
Components
Reaction force(N)
Reaction Moment(Nm)

X
1.11809e-006
0

Y
-4.63271e-007
0

Z
-9.53949e-007
0
Entities:
Type:

Resultant
1.54103e-006
0

5 face(s)
Fixed Hinge

Fixed Hinge-2

Resultant Forces
Components
Reaction force(N)
Reaction Moment(Nm)

X
-0.00333294
0

Y
0.0712515
0

Z
278.96
0
Entities:
Type:

Resultant
278.96
0
4 face(s)
Fixed Geometry

Fixed-5

Resultant Forces
Components
Reaction force(N)
Reaction Moment(Nm)

X
-0.00474381
0

Analyzed with SolidWorks Simulation

Y
-0.159131
0

Z
-468.319
0

Resultant
468.319
0

Simulation of Assem2

ALIKHAN SHAMBUL
29.11.2014

Load name

Load Image

Load Details
Entities:
Type:
Coordinate System:

Remote Load
(Direct
transfer)-1

Force Values:
Moment Values:
Reference coordinates:
Components transferred:

1 face(s)
Load (Direct transfer)
Global cartesian
coordinates
---, ---, 190 N
---, ---, --- Nm
-17.5 -450 750 mm
Force

Connector Definitions
No Data

Contact Information
Contact

Contact Image

Contact Properties
Type: Node to node
Components: 1 component(s)

Global Contact

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29.11.2014

Mesh Information
Mesh type

Solid Mesh

Mesher Used:

Standard mesh

Automatic Transition:

Off

Include Mesh Auto Loops:

Off

Jacobian points

4 Points

Element Size

1.32 mm

Tolerance

0.066 mm

Mesh Quality

High

Remesh failed parts with incompatible mesh

Off

Mesh Information - Details


Total Nodes

303259

Total Elements

196308

Maximum Aspect Ratio

5.4474

% of elements with Aspect Ratio < 3

99.8

% of elements with Aspect Ratio > 10

% of distorted elements(Jacobian)

Time to complete mesh(hh;mm;ss):

00:00:16

Computer name:

DLPS55-451364

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Mesh Control Information:


Mesh Control Name

Mesh Control Image

Mesh Control Details


Entities:
Units:
Size:
Ratio:

8 face(s)
mm
1.00734
1.5

Control-3

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29.11.2014

Sensor Details
No Data

Resultant Forces
Reaction Forces
Selection set

Units

Sum X

Sum Y

Sum Z

Resultant

Entire Model

-0.00811102

-0.0880987

-189.36

189.36

Reaction Moments
Selection set

Units

Sum X

Sum Y

Sum Z

Resultant

Entire Model

Nm

Beams
No Data

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29.11.2014

Study Results
Name

Type

Min

Max

Stress1

VON: von Mises Stress

4.13339e-012 N/mm^2
(MPa)
Node: 160227

71.2656 N/mm^2 (MPa)


Node: 150732

Assem2-190N-Stress-Stress1

Name

Type

Min

Max

Displacement1

URES: Resultant Displacement

0 mm
Node: 1

0.0024505 mm
Node: 5257

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29.11.2014

Assem2-190N-Displacement-Displacement1

Name

Type

Min

Max

Strain1

ESTRN: Equivalent Strain

1.68951e-017
Element: 136868

0.000229555
Element: 16870

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29.11.2014

Assem2-190N-Strain-Strain1

Name

Type

Min

Max

Stress2

P1: 1st Principal Stress

-14.5016 N/mm^2 (MPa)


Node: 82459

67.861 N/mm^2 (MPa)


Node: 150701

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29.11.2014

Assem2-190N-Stress-Stress2

Name

Type

Displacement1{1}

Deformed Shape

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29.11.2014

Assem2-190N-Displacement-Displacement1{1}

Name

Type

Min

Max

Factor of Safety1

Max von Mises Stress

2.41868
Node: 150732

4.17016e+013
Node: 160227

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29.11.2014

Assem2-190N-Factor of Safety-Factor of Safety1

Results & Conclusions


According to the obtained results from the simulation of the assembly it can be assured that the hinge will
not fail under the load of 190N. Also, as it was expected, the weakest parts of the assembly are located at
the holes and the largest displacements are located close to the fixture of pin.
Mesh refinement was applied in order to provide more accurate results of simulation. In a nutshell the main
idea of this method is that by changing the element sizes the increase of number on nodes and Von Mises
stress can be observed. Consequently, as the number of nodes for each iteration increases by at least 50% of
the previous value we need to obtain the change in Von Mises stress less than 5% of the previous value. The
table below shows the process of mesh refinement that was applied for this project

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ALIKHAN SHAMBUL
29.11.2014

Nodes

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

18234
28321
46465
71488
117623
200981
303259
458602

Difference in
nodes(%)
55.32
64.07
53.85
64.54
70.87
50.89
51.22

Von Mises(MPa)
38.953
42.347
48.247
59.585
63.382
67.487
71.266
71.327

Difference in
Von Mises(%)
8.71
13.93
23.50
6.37
6.48
5.6
0.09

Element
size(mm)
4.02934
3.26377
2.5849
2.27472
1.85
1.55
1.32
1.13

As it can be seen from the result above the values for Von Mises stress converge at the eights iteration
because of that we use the 7th mesh adjustment for our analysis. The factor of safety that was obtained for
the load of 190N was found to be FS=2.419 which is safe enough taking into account the fact that the door is
assumed to be held on a single hinge. Thus, considering the fact that the doors are usually supported by at
least two hinges it can be stated that the design is appropriate. Furthermore, the combination of the same
hinges can be used in order to hold even heavier loads. As for the recommendations regarding improvements
in design the edges of the plates might be filleted to decrease the consumption of materials. Also, the
number of holes could be increased to make the fixture more stable. However, such actions might not be
beneficial from the economic perspective due to the fact that it requires more service work during
manufacturing process which requires more funds.
To sum up the project was considerably challenging yet interesting at the same time due to the fact that
students were actually able to apply the knowledge gained during the course. Also, understanding and using
of the finite element analysis technique in order to simulate the model was very beneficial from practical
point of view.

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